__MAIN_TEXT__

Page 1

Underrepresented populations in nursing: Perspectives on doctoral education 2016 Annual Conference National Forum of State Nursing Workforce Centers Rebecca Wheeler, PhD, MA, RN


Objectives 1.  Describe how underrepresented populations were affected by their initial nursing education 2.  Describe factors involved in their plans to pursue (or not) doctoral education Thanks to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (and Pat Farmer!) for their financial and technical assistance


Enrollment 2010-2015 Research Programs

Practice Programs

57.7% 53.4% 53.4% 51.3% 48.7% 46.6% 46.6% 44.5% 42.3%

65.9%

55.5%

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

34.1%

2015


Enrollment 2010-2015 Research Programs

Practice Programs 272 194

86 69

99 94

119 104

2010

2011

2012

130 149

2013

142

2014

141

2015


Research Programs female 96.5%

3.5%

2010

93.9%

6.1%

2011

90.8%

9.2%

2012

Gender 2010-2015

male

90.0%

10.0%

2013

90.8%

89.4%

10.6%

2014

9.2%

2015

Practice Programs female

88.4%

11.6%

2010

89.4%

10.6%

2011

93.3%

6.7%

2012

male

91.3%

8.7%

2013

89.2%

10.8%

2014

89.0%

11.0%

2015


Diversity: research programs White 2015 2014 2013

12.0%

4.2%

1.7%

2011

2.0%

2010

80.3%

0.7%

2012

Asian

16.3%

3.5%

3.8%

Black

78.0%

2.1%

3.1%

Hispanic

80.8% 10.8%

3.4%

4.0% 0.0% 4.7%

77.3% 16.0% 81.8% 11.1% 77.9% 14.0%


Diversity: practice programs White 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010

1.1% 3.3% 2.6% 4.1% 0.0% 1.3% 1.0% 1.0% 3.2% 1.1% 4.3% 0.0%

Hispanic

Black

Asian 69.9%

21.0% 69.1% 19.6% 79.9% 18.8% 77.9% 20.2% 70.2% 25.5% 66.7% 26.1%


So? •  Percent enrollment in research doctorate programs and practice doctorate programs has switched •  Gender diversity is similar in both program types –  But has increased in research programs

•  Racial and ethnic diversity has decreased overall


2015 Survey of underrepresented populations in nursing •  SurveyMonkey – open summer 2016 –  Background information –  Perspectives about prior nursing education –  Perspectives about doctoral education

•  Dissemination –  Professional organizations, GNLC website, newsletter, personal contacts

•  Inclusion criteria: –  Male nurse –  Non-white nurse

•  N=84


Results: Demographics Age 66-70 years old 61-65 years old 56-60 years old 51-55 years old 46-50 years old 41-45 years old 36-40 years old 31-35 years old 26-30 years old 21-25 years old

Gender

2.4% 16.7% 9.5%

Male 29%

17.9% 4.8% 14.3% 9.5% 9.5% 9.5% 6.0%

Female 71%


Diversity Race/Ethnicity American Indian or Alaska Native Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Middle Eastern or Arab American South Asian or Indian American East Asian or Asian American Latino or Hispanic American Black, Afro-Caribbean or African Non-Hispanic White or Euro-American Multiple

2.4% 4.8% 1.2% 22.6% 9.5% 9.5% 42.9% 19.0% 10.7%


Were you encouraged by your nursing FACULTY to pursue further education in nursing? 51

16

14 3

Yes

Some

No

I don't remember


Were you encouraged by your nursing CLASSMATES to pursue further education in nursing? 42

26 14 2

Yes

Some

No

I don't remember


Were you ever mentored by someone of your gender/ethnicity (in either an academic or clinical setting)? 45 23 13 3 Yes

Some

No

I don't remember


How likely do you think it is that you will pursue a doctoral degree in nursing? Very likely

33%

Somewhat likely

25%

Not too likely

Not at all likely

27%

15%


Why “not too likely” or “not at all likely” to pursue a doctoral degree in nursing: No interest Retired/soon to retire Age Financial reasons Requires too much time/too busy No financial/professional benefit Feel unable/no support

9 6 5 5 3 3 2


What is the maximum amount you would be willing to pay out-of-pocket per semester for a doctoral degree? more than $10,000

6.8%

12.5%

$7,501-$10,000

8.3% 5.5%

$5,001-$7,500

4.2% 9.6%

$2,501-$5,000 $1,001-$2,500 Under $1,000

male non-white

54.2%

24.7% 12.5% 8.3%

20.5% 32.9%


What is the maximum debt you would be willing to graduate with from a doctoral program? Over $50,000

31.6%

15.4% 26.3% 23.1%

$40,001-$50,000 $30,000-$40,000 5.3% 3.8%

$20,001-$30,000 $15,001-$20,000

Under $5,000

male

10.5%

19.2%

5.3% 7.7%

$10,001-$15,000 $5,001-$10,000

11.5%

15.8%

0.0%

15.4% 5.3% 3.8%

non-white


Do you feel you have a solid understanding of‌ 48

24

20

16

No

42

18

I'm not sure

Yes

the difference between what is taught in a research doctorate (like a PhD) and a clinical doctorate (like a DNP)? the kinds of employment opportunities that will be open to you with a research doctorate vs. a clinical doctorate?


So? •  Faculty and mentors have a strong impact •  More than half may pursue doctoral education in the next 5y •  The majority are not willing to go into debt, however: –  Of those willing, 77% willing to assume > $15,000 of debt –  Males are willing to spend more and assume more debt

•  Half do not feel they understand the difference in practice of a nurse with a practice doctorate or a research doctorate


Questions? Thanks! Rebecca Wheeler ganursingcoalition@gmail.com

Profile for GNLC

Underrepresented populations in nursing: Perspectives on doctoral education  

Underrepresented populations in nursing: Perspectives on doctoral education  

Profile for gnlc
Advertisement