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As a teenager, Ming fought valiantly to escape one of history's darkest eras - China's Cultural Revolution - during which millions of innocent youth were deported to remote areas to face a life sentence of poverty and hard labor. He eventually made his way to the U.S. with $50 in his pocket, where against all odds, he later earned a PhD in laser la physics and graduated with the highest honors from Harvard Medical School and MIT. To date, Dr. Wang has performed over 55,000 eye procedures including on over 4,000 physicians. He has published 9 textbooks, holds several U.S. patents, and performed the worldâ€™s rst laser artiicial cornea implantation. Dr. Wang is currently the only surgeon in the state who performs 3D SMILE and 3D LASIK (18+), 3D Implantable Contact Lens (21+), 3D Forever Im Young Lens (45+), and 3D Laser Cataract Surgery (60+). He established a non-proot charity, which to date has helped patients from over 40 states in the U.S. and 55 countries, with all sight restoration surgeries performed free-of-charge.
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NOVEMBER 2019 6 Orchestra Roster 7 Conductors 19
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2019/20 NASHV I LLE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA GIANCARLO GUERRERO
Martha & Bronson Ingram Music Director Chair
Principal Pops Conductor
Jun Iwasaki, Concertmaster
Walter Buchanan Sharp Chair
Acting Associate Concertmaster
Acting Assistant Concertmaster
Mary Kathryn Van Osdale,
Denise Baker Kristi Seehafer John Maple Alison Hoffman Paul Tobias Beverly Drukker Anna Lisa Hoepfinger Kirsten Mitchell Isabel Bartles Alicia Enstrom+
SECOND VIOLINS* Carolyn Wann Bailey, Principal
Zeneba Bowers, Assistant Principal
Jessica Blackwell Annaliese Kowert+ Jimin Lim Zoya Leybin+ Benjamin Lloyd Louise Morrison Laura Ross Esther Sanders+ Jung-Min Shin Johna Smith+
Daniel Reinker, Principal Shu-Zheng Yang, Assistant Principal
Judith Ablon Hari Bernstein ◊ * Seating Section Revolves
Emilio Carlo+ Bruce Christensen Michelle Lackey Collins Christopher Farrell Tony Parce Melinda Whitley Clare Yang
James Victor Miller Chair
Acting Assistant Principal
Anthony LaMarchina, Principal Cello Emeritus
Bradley Mansell Lynn Marie Peithman Stephen Drake Matthew Walker Christopher Stenstrom Keith Nicholas Andrew Dunn+
ENGLISH HORN Roger Wiesmeyer
James Zimmermann, Principal
Matthew Abramo Kevin Jablonski Katherine Munagian Tim Pearson+
Érik Gratton, Principal
Anne Potter Wilson Chair
Norma Grobman Rogers Chair
PICCOLO Norma Grobman Rogers Chair
Paul Jenkins, Principal ◊ Derek Hawkes, Assistant Principal
BASS TROMBONE Steven Brown
Gilbert Long, Principal
Joshua Hickman, Principal
E-FLAT CLARINET Katherine Kohler
Sam Bacco, Principal ◊ Richard Graber, Acting Principal
Licia Jaskunas, Principal
Julia Harguindey, Principal Dawn Hartley,
Robert Marler, Principal
Luke Bryson, Librarian David Jackson,
Leslie Norton, Principal Beth Beeson Patrick Walle,
ORCHESTRA PERSONNEL MANAGER John Wesolowski
Hunter Sholar Radu V. Rusu,
ORCHESTRA PERSONNEL ASSISTANT Joseph Demko
Associate Principal/3rd Horn
Assistant Principal/Utility Horn
Joel Reist, Principal Glen Wanner,
Titus Underwood, Principal Ellen Menking,
Kevin Bate, Principal
Jeffrey Bailey, Principal Patrick Kunkee, Co-Principal Alexander Blazek
◊ Leave of Absence
STAGE MANAGER W. Paul Holt
C O N D U C TO R S
GIANCARLO GUERRERO Martha & Bronson Ingram Music Director Chair
iancarlo Guerrero is a six-time GRAMMY® Award-winning conductor now in his 11th season as Music Director of the Nashville Symphony. Guerrero is also Music Director of the Wrocław Philharmonic at the National Forum of Music in Poland and Principal Guest Conductor of the Gulbenkian Orchestra in Lisbon, Portugal. He has been praised for his “charismatic conducting and attention to detail” (Seattle Times) in “viscerally powerful performances” (Boston Globe) that are “at once vigorous, passionate and nuanced” (BachTrack). Through commissions, recordings and world premieres, Guerrero and the Nashville Symphony have championed the works of American composers who are defining today’s musical landscape, making Nashville a destination for contemporary orchestral music. Guerrero has presented 11 world premieres with the Nashville Symphony, including the GRAMMY®-winning performance of Michael Daugherty’s Tales of Hemingway and Terry Riley’s The Palmian Chord Ryddle. Guerrero’s rich discography with the Nashville Symphony numbers 17 recordings, including the 2019 Naxos release of Jonathan Leshnoff ’s Symphony No. 4 “Heichalos.” The work was commissioned by the Nashville Symphony for the Violins of Hope, a collection of restored instruments that survived the Holocaust. This recording marks the first time the instruments have been heard on a commercially available album. Other albums have been dedicated to the music of composers as diverse as Jennifer Higdon, Richard Danielpour, Joan Tower and Béla Fleck. During the 2019/20 season, Naxos will release recordings of Aaron Jay Kernis’ Symphony No. 4 and Christopher Rouse’s Concerto for Orchestra,
both recorded with the Nashville Symphony. As part of his commitment to fostering contemporary music, Guerrero, together with composer Aaron Jay Kernis, guided the creation of Nashville Symphony’s biennial Composer Lab & Workshop for young and emerging composers. Guerrero’s 2019/20 season will include return engagements with the Boston Symphony, Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Bamberg Symphony, Frankfurt Opera and Museums Orchestra, and the New Zealand Symphony. In January 2020, Guerrero will conduct the Wrocław Philharmonic on a 12-city North American tour. Guerrero has appeared with prominent North American orchestras, including those of Baltimore, Cincinnati, Chicago, Cleveland, Dallas, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Milwaukee, Montréal, Philadelphia, Seattle, Toronto and Vancouver, as well as the National Symphony Orchestra. He has developed a strong international guest-conducting profile and has worked in recent seasons with the Frankfurt Radio Symphony, Brussels Philharmonic, Deutsches Radio Philharmonie, Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, Netherlands Philharmonic, Residentie Orkest, NDR in Hannover, Orquesta Sinfónica de Galicia and the London Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as the Queensland Symphony and Sydney Symphony in Australia. Guerrero was honored as the keynote speaker at the 2019 League of American Orchestras conference, where his address on transforming “inspiration and innovation into meaningful action” was met with a unified standing ovation. Guerrero made his debut with Houston Grand Opera in 2015 conducting Puccini's Madama
C O N D U C TO R S Butterfly. Early in his career, he worked regularly with the Costa Rican Lyric Opera and has conducted new productions of Carmen, La bohème and Rigoletto. In 2008 he gave the Australian premiere of Osvaldo Golijov's one-act opera Ainadamar at the Adelaide Festival. Guerrero previously held posts as the Principal Guest Conductor of The Cleveland Orchestra Miami (2011-2016), Music Director of the Eugene Symphony (2002-2009), and Associate Conductor of the Minnesota Orchestra (1999-2004). Born in Nicaragua, Guerrero immigrated during his childhood to Costa Rica, where he joined the local youth symphony. As a promising young
student, he came to the United States to study percussion and conducting at Baylor University in Texas; he earned his master’s degree in conducting at Northwestern, where he studied with Victor Yampolsky. Given his beginnings in civic youth orchestras, Guerrero is particularly engaged with conducting training orchestras and has worked with the Curtis School of Music, Colburn School in Los Angeles, and Yale Philharmonia, as well as with the Nashville Symphony’s Accelerando program. In recent years, he has also developed a relationship with the National Youth Orchestra (NYO2) in New York, created and operated by the Weill Institute of Music at Carnegie Hall.
Symphony, Rochester Philharmonic and Sarasota Orchestra. He has appeared with orchestras throughout the United States, including the Utah Symphony, Omaha Symphony and Oklahoma City Philharmonic. As artistic director and co-founder of Symphonica Productions, LLC, Lopez-Yañez curates and leads programs designed to cultivate new audiences. An enthusiastic proponent of innovating the concert experience, he has created exciting education, classical and pops concerts for orchestras across the United States. Sharing an equal love for opera, Lopez-Yañez served as Assistant Conductor and Chorus Master for the Berkshire Opera Festival, where his work was met with rave reviews. He has led opera gala concerts in San Diego and Aguascalientes (Mexico), as well as a production of Madama Butterfly with Main Street Opera in Chicago. Lopez-Yañez is an active producer, composer and arranger whose work can be heard on numerous albums, including the UNESCO benefit Action Moves People United and the children’s music collection The Spaceship That Fell in My Backyard, winner of the John Lennon Songwriting Contest, Global Music Awards, Hollywood Music and Media Awards, and more. Lopez-Yañez previously held the position of Assistant Conductor with the Nashville Symphony and Omaha Symphony. He holds a Master’s in Music from the University of Maryland and received a Master’s in Music and his Baccalaureate from UCLA, where he graduated summa cum laude.
Principal Pops Conductor
nrico Lopez-Yañez is the Principal Pops Conductor of the Nashville Symphony. Appointed in 2019, he leads the Symphony’s Pops Series and Family Series. Since working with the Nashville Symphony, Lopez-Yañez has conducted concerts with a broad spectrum of artists, including Toby Keith, Richard Marx, Jennifer Nettles, Renée Elise Goldsberry, Megan Hilty, Hanson, Kenny Loggins and more. During the 2019/20 season, Lopez-Yañez will make appearances with the San Diego Symphony, Indianapolis Symphony and Edmonton Symphony, and return performances with the Detroit
For more information, visit www.enricolopezyanez.com.
Conductors continue on page 17
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T H E AT R E
DA N C E
C O N D U C TO R S
athan Aspinall begins his role as Assistant Conductor of the Nashville Symphony with the 2019/20 season. Previously, he was Assistant Conductor of Jacksonville Symphony. On a tour of South Florida with pianist Bezhod Abduraimov, he led performances of Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 5 and Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 3. Kevin Wilt of the Palm Beach Daily News said of the performance, “In recent years the Kravis Center has heard performances by the Chicago Symphony, the Royal Philharmonic, The Philadelphia Orchestra and more. This one was just as polished as any of those.” During the 2018/ 19 season, Aspinall led Jacksonville Symphony in two masterworks subscription programs and a tour with organist Cameron Carpenter. He was selected as one of two conducting fellows at the Tanglewood Music
Festival during the summer of 2019. Formerly, Aspinall held the position of Young Conductor with the Queensland Symphony Orchestra in Australia, where he assisted Chief Conductor Johannes Fritzsch and visiting guest conductors, and where he conducted concerts for the orchestra’s education series. He studied French horn and conducting at the University of Queensland and upon graduation was awarded the Hugh Brandon Prize. In 2012, he attended the Aspen Music Festival, where he was awarded the Robert J. Harth Conducting Prize. Aspinall has guest-conducted several symphony orchestras, as well as the Queensland Conservatorium Chamber Orchestra. Festival appearances and masterclasses have included the Cabrillo Festival of Contemporary Music, Oregon Bach Festival and the Tanglewood Music Center Conducting Seminar. He studied Orchestral Conducting at New England Conservatory in Boston.
TUCKER BIDDLECOMBE Chorus Director
ow entering his fourth season as director of the Nashville Symphony Chorus, Dr. Tucker Biddlecombe has raised the bar of excellence for Nashville’s premier choral ensemble through intense musical preparation, diverse programming and community building. Under his direction, the Chorus has expanded to 170 members and recently toured Prague, Czech Republic, performing Orff’s Carmina Burana. He also serves as Associate Professor and Director of Choral Studies at Vanderbilt University’s Blair School of Music, where he directs the Vanderbilt Chorale and Symphonic Choir and teaches courses in choral conducting and music education. Biddlecombe’s work with the Nashville Symphony has included chorus preparation for the world-premiere recording of John Harbison’s Requiem (Naxos) and concert performances of choral orchestral masterworks by Stravinsky, Ravel, Haydn, Verdi, Handel and Mahler. He conducts the orchestra and chorus in performance during the annual Voices of Spring concert. In 2018 the Vanderbilt Chorale released its first solo
album, Music in the Listening Place (Navona), with Gramophone UK noting that the Chorale “launch into each track with the earnest passion that only university music students can innocently and genuinely provide.” Biddlecombe made his Carnegie Hall debut in 2019 conducting Morten Lauridsen’s Lux Aeterna. A passionate advocate of music education and a veteran teacher, Biddlecombe is active in school music programs, working with teachers as a side-by side coach with Metro Nashville Public Schools. In 2019 he completed a residency with the Central Conservatory in Beijing, China, where he was honored to work with student and professional choral educators. He is in demand as a conductor and clinician, having served as a clinician to choirs in 25 states. A native of Buffalo, New York, Biddlecombe is a graduate of SUNY Potsdam and Florida State University, where he completed doctoral studies in choral conducting and music education with André Thomas. He resides in Nashville with his wife Mary Biddlecombe, Artistic Director of the Blair Children’s Chorus. INCONCERT
GET TO KNOW
NATHAN ASPINALL Nathan Aspinall joined the Nashville Symphony as Assistant Conductor this season, and the Australian native recently sat down to share his thoughts on his new position and city, as well as his approach to conducting.
When did you decide you wanted to be a conductor? I played piano when I was very young and, later, trumpet and French horn in high school. I enjoyed playing, but I never thought of it as a career. At one point, my high school music teacher let me conduct the band, and I loved it from the first note. I knew from that moment that’s what I wanted to do, and I’ve never looked back.
How do you navigate the process of interpreting music as a conductor? When talking about conductors, so much is focused on how their bodies work – are they big or small, do they jump around, do they stand still, etc. But what they’re really talking about is the musical vision first and foremost. If a conductor’s vision for the piece is clear, if they have a firm concept for the sound, character and atmosphere, then the hands follow very naturally. It’s a much more helpful way of talking about conducting, and good conducting is showing the players what you want. If you can do it with your hands and not say a word, that’s ideal.
Do you have a favorite piece that you’ve conducted? Is there a score that you’d love to conduct but have not yet done so? The first time I conducted Mozart’s Jupiter Symphony was quite a moment for me; it was really the first time I felt like the luckiest guy in the world. If there’s a work I’d like to conduct, right now it’s probably Strauss’ Alpine Symphony. It’s such a great piece, with a huge orchestra and an incredible emotional journey.
What are your initial impressions of the Schermerhorn and the orchestra? The Hall sounds great! It has a real warmth and clarity, which are the two things you really want in a concert hall. It’s easy to hear and the room supports the sound, and the orchestra has been delightful to work with so far. How do you define the role of an orchestra? The best thing we can do is share the music we love with as many people as possible, and invite people from all over to come to the concert hall to experience how much we love the music, how dedicated we are to it and hope that they can take a little bit of that with them on their life’s journey.
CLASSICAL S E R IES
SYMPHONIE FANTASTIQUE THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, AT 7 PM FRIDAY & SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8 & 9, AT 8 PM
NASHVILLE SYMPHONY THIERRY FISCHER, conductor STEPHEN HOUGH, piano
ANDREW NORMAN Unstuck – 10 minutes FELIX MENDELSSOHN Concerto No. 1 in G Minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 25 – 21 minutes Molto allegro con fuoco Andante Presto – Molto allegro e vivace
Stephen Hough, piano – INTERMISSION – HECTOR BERLIOZ Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 – 49 minutes Reveries and Passions A Ball Scene In the Country March to the Scaffold Dream of a Witches' Sabbath
This concert will last one hour and 55 minutes, including a 20-minute intermission. This concert will be recorded live for future broadcast. To ensure the highest-quality recording, please keep noise to a minimum.
PROGRAM SUMMARY How do young artists find a unique voice? This program brings together three works, each written when their respective composers were only in their 20s. The young American Andrew Norman was already tapping into his gift for crafting vibrantly imaginative, almost hyper-active soundscapes in Unstuck, the brief but event-filled orchestral piece that opens our concert. Felix Mendelssohn had already been in the public eye as a child prodigy before he embarked on a series of travels across Europe from which he stored impressions for numerous mature compositions — including the First Piano Concerto. Just around the time Mendelssohn wrote this music, his contemporary Hector Berlioz was refining the ideas that percolate in his first completed symphonic masterpiece. The Symphonie fantastique created a sensation of its own with its evocation of a tempestuous autobiographical love affair through an unprecedentedly bold use of the expanded Romantic orchestra.
ANDREW NORMAN Unstuck October 31, 1979, in Grand Rapids, Michigan Currently resides in Los Angeles, California
Estimated length: 10 minutes
mong the most sought-after American composers of his generation, the Los Angeles-based Andrew Norman was first inspired to write music when he encountered John Williams’s Star Wars scores. His emergence as a successful artist in his own right has been astonishingly rapid. Norman was a finalist for the 2012 and 2019 Pulitzer Prize in music and was named Composer of the Year by Musical America in 2017. Though he has just turned 40, Norman has written orchestral, chamber, vocal and theater music. The Los Angeles Philharmonic gave the American premiere of his first opera, a children’s opera (also meant for adults) inspired by Georges Méliès’ 1902 silent film classic A Trip to the Moon. Influenced by the milestones of Romantic orchestral music, as well as contemporary 20
First performance: September 9, 2008, in Zürich, Switzerland, with Michael Sanderling conducting the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich
First Nashville Symphony performance: These are the orchestra’s first performances.
composers such as John Adams, Norman has mapped out a unique style. His works additionally incorporate an understanding of listening habits in the era of digitalization, video game music and YouTube. Unstuck was written on a commission from the Zurich-based Orpheum Foundation for the Advancement of Young Soloists. Norman recalls being faced with a case of writer’s block: “For a long time this piece languished on my desk, a mess of musical fragments that refused to cohere.” He found a way out when he chanced to read Kurt Vonnegut’s classic anti-war novel Slaughterhouse-Five, or The Children's Crusade: A Duty-Dance with Death (1969). The Vonnegut novel mingles science fiction fantasy with the author’s experiences as an Allied soldier during the firebombing of
Dresden in 1945. The protagonist, Billy Pilgrim, escapes the linear flow of time, traveling backward and forward to the past and future. “I remembered one of its iconic sentences,” writes Norman, “[and] had a breakthrough realization. The sentence was this: ‘Billy Pilgrim has come unstuck in time.’ ” He adds that this brought him an epiphany: “The realization was that the lack of coherence in my ideas was to be embraced and explored, not overcome.” In the score for Unstuck, Norman has inscribed this line from Slaughterhouse-Five: “It is just an illusion we have here on earth that one moment follows another one, like beads on a string, and that once a moment is gone it is gone forever.”
The composer writes: “I realized that my musical materials lent themselves to a narrative arc that, like Vonnegut’s character, comes ‘unstuck’ in time. Bits and pieces of the beginning, middle and end of the music crop up in the wrong places like the flashbacks and flashforwards that define the structure and style of Slaughterhouse-Five.” Norman also points to the implications of the title, which suggests “the way that a few of the piece’s musical ideas get caught in repetitive loops,” he explains. “The orchestra, perhaps in some way dramatizing my own frustration with composing, spends a considerable amount of time and energy trying to free itself from these moments of stuckness.”
WHAT TO LISTEN FOR
Unstuck is scored for 2 flutes and piccolo, 2 oboes, English horn, 3 clarinets (2nd doubling bass clarinet, 3rd doubling E-flat clarinet), 3 bassoons, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, vibraphone, tom-toms, tin cans, snare drum, cymbals, tam-tam, crotales, bass drum, cowbells, temple blocks, bongos, metal tins, washboard, ratchet, piano and strings.
he materials for Unstuck burst on the scene and seem to be pulled in contradictory directions. The score calls for “recklessly fast” playing as these sonorities fracture at whiplash speed, amassing a kaleidoscopic array of timbre and energy.
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FELIX MENDELSSOHN Concerto No. 1 in G Minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 25 Born on February 3, 1809, in Hamburg, Germany Died on November 4, 1847, in Leipzig, Germany
Estimated length: 21 minutes
n addition to his gifts as a composer, Felix Mendelssohn led an active musical life as a conductor and virtuoso concert pianist in demand across Europe. The First Piano Concerto originated during a happy and stimulating period of travel across Europe. It draws on sketches the composer jotted down while in Rome — though, according to his biographer R. Larry Todd, Mendelssohn composed the bulk of the score and orchestrated it while staying in Munich, where he gave the premiere. The First Piano Concerto was very wellreceived, and Clara Schumann became a powerful champion. Indeed, it became so popular in this period that, over in Paris, Hector Berlioz parodied it in his Evenings with the Orchestra, in a passage that imagines a fine Erard concert grand possessed with the spirit of the G-minor Concerto. In Berlioz’s own words: “They took the keyboard out of the instrument — and the keys were still moving up and down by themselves….”
WHAT TO LISTEN FOR
he Classical-Romantic balance that is a signature of Mendelssohn’s style is apparent in his mixture of poise and discreetly innovative structural ideas. The most obvious
First performance: October 17, 1831, in Munich, with the composer as the soloist.
First Nashville Symphony performance: April 18 & 19, 1986, with Music Director Kenneth Schermerhorn and soloist David Bar-Illan
of the latter is his linking of all three movements into a single interconnected totality. Mendelssohn opens the Concerto by giving the soloist a sudden early entrance after just a few measures of fiery dramatics from the orchestra. This ploy adds to the sense of urgency and reinforces the agitated, driving emotions of the first movement. Like Mozart, Mendelssohn knew that the piano could allure just as powerfully with simple, restrained poetry (note the second theme) as it could with rocketing octaves and rippling scales. Near the end of the first movement, the dotted rhythm of the main theme gives way to a fanfare from the trumpets and horns. This fanfare is used as a linking device between the movements. It clears the space for a piano solo that leads to a placid Andante, which features reduced, pastel-like scoring to enhance the intimate rapport between the soloist and ensemble. As a unifying device, Mendelssohn alludes to the dotted-rhythm pattern of the first movement’s main theme. The fanfare returns after a long, hushed pause to launch the finale. Its joyful, G-major theme poses a counterbalance to the G-minor passions that had opened the concerto. Mendelssohn not only alludes to the dottedrhythm pattern of the opening movement’s first theme but also, near the end, has the
soloist echo that movement’s second theme — as if chancing upon it while improvising. An exuberant coda revels in the glittering virtuosity that characterizes this movement.
In addition to solo piano, the Piano Concerto No. 1 is scored for pairs of flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, horns and trumpets, plus timpani and strings.
ABOUT THE SOLOIST STEPHEN HOUGH
ver the course of his career, Stephen Hough has distinguished himself as a true polymath, not only securing a reputation as a uniquely insightful concert pianist, but also as a writer and composer. Hough is commended for his mastery of the instrument, as well as an individual and inquisitive mind that has earned him a multitude of prestigious awards and a longstanding international following. Hough became the first classical performing artist to win a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in 2001. In 2008, he was awarded Northwestern University’s Jean Gimbel Lane Prize in Piano and went on to win the Royal Philharmonic Society Instrumentalist Award in 2010. In December 2013, he was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). Since taking first prize at the 1983 Naumburg Competition in New York, Hough has appeared with major American and European orchestras and has given recitals at the most prestigious concert halls around the world. Among other ensembles, he has appeared with the BBC, Czech, London, Los Angeles, Netherlands, New York and Royal philharmonics; the Atlanta, Baltimore, BBC, Boston, Chicago, Montréal, National, NHK, San Francisco, St. Louis and Toronto symphonies; and the Budapest Festival, Cleveland, Minnesota, Philadelphia, Russian
National and Zürich Tonhalle orchestras. In recent seasons, Hough has been especially focused on exploring Beethoven’s five piano concertos. To celebrate the 250th anniversary of the composer’s birth, he recently recorded all five concertos with Hannu Lintu and Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra for release by Hyperion Records in May 2020. In recital, Hough performs a program that explores the theme of death — a topic that “people are often reluctant to talk about,” he says, but which “has always been a central subject [in the arts] resulting in the most exalted and inexhaustible expression.” The program comprises the Bach-Busoni Chaconne in D minor, Busoni’s Berceuse élégiaque, Chopin’s Sonata No. 2 in B-flat minor, Liszt’s Funérailles, Bagatelle sans tonalité, and Mephisto Waltz No. 1, and Hough’s own Sonata No. 4 (Vida Breve). He performs this program in Santa Barbara, New Orleans, Fort Worth, Kingston (Ontario) and at Caramoor in Katonah, New York. International performances take place in Germany, Taiwan, and the U.K. Hough has composed for orchestra, choir, chamber ensemble and solo piano, and his compositions are published by Josef Weinberger, Ltd. A noted writer, he has contributed articles for The New York Times, The Guardian, The Times (U.K.), Evening Standard, The Tablet, Gramophone and BBC Music Magazine. For seven years, until 2016, he wrote more than 600 articles for his blog on The Telegraph. A major anthology of essays by Hough titled Rough Ideas: Reflections on Music and More will be published in the U.S. by Farrar, Straus and Giroux in February 2020.
HECTOR BERLIOZ Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 Born on December 11, 1803, in La Côte-Saint-André, France
First performance: December 5, 1830, in Paris, with François Habeneck conducting
Died on March 8, 1869, in Paris
Composed: 1830; revised frequently between 1830-55
Estimated length: 49 minutes
hen he finally succeeded at winning the Prix de Rome in 1830 (following multiple attempts), Hector Berlioz made his first trip abroad. In Italy, he had a chance to meet Mendelssohn during the period of his First Piano Concerto. While in Italy, the French composer also made the first of numerous revisions to his still fresh Symphonie fantastique — one of the most remarkable early achievements by any composer. Indeed, it defies belief that Berlioz was still only in his late 20s when he composed the Symphonie fantastique. This score marks a Romantic revolution in harnessing music’s power to convey autobiographical, subjective expression. Even on a strictly musical level, the Symphonie fantastique is autobiographical in the sense that it recycles material from some of Berlioz’s earlier compositions. In the fall of 1827, a London theater company took Paris by storm, performing a handful of Shakespeare plays in English at the Théâtre de l’Odéon on the Left Bank. Berlioz, who had deserted the study of medicine to follow his bliss, didn’t even know English at the time, but the experience was like a divine revelation: “Shakespeare, coming upon me unawares, struck me like a thunderbolt,” Berlioz wrote decades later in his Memoirs.
First Nashville Symphony performance: October 26 & 27, 1959, with Music Director Willis Page
A good deal of that impact had to do with the Irish actress Harriet Smithson, who played Ophelia and Juliet — and who became the object of the composer’s obsession. This encounter kindled a love for Shakespeare that lasted throughout Berlioz’s life and inspired several major works. A little later, he experienced a similar epiphany when the symphonies of Beethoven were introduced to Paris. The Symphonie fantastique premiered in December 1830, only three years after Beethoven’s death and just a half-year after the Paris revolution. It incorporates Berlioz’s desperate love for Smithson and the sense of music’s untapped power that Beethoven revealed to him. One of the many novelties of the work is its layout in five movements, for which Berlioz had a model in Beethoven’s Sixth Symphony (the “Pastoral”). In Berlioz’s original concept, the Symphonie fantastique centers around an unnamed Artist’s obsession with a woman who represents his ideal of love. He initially published an elaborate program that lays out a narrative about the Artist. After the Artist’s conflicting emotions are explored in the first movement, he finds himself “in the tumult of a festive party and in the peaceful contemplation of the beautiful sights of nature — yet everywhere, whether in
town or in the countryside, the Beloved’s image keeps haunting him.” He finds a temporary respite in the countryside as he listens to two shepherds playing their pipes. But fear that his Beloved has betrayed him gnaws at the Artist. In despair, he takes opium to commit suicide but ends up having a fever dream that he has murdered the Beloved and is witnessing his own execution. The final movement takes the nightmare into hell, where the Artist is caught up in a witches’ Sabbath celebrating his funeral. Even the Beloved takes part in their revels.
WHAT TO LISTEN FOR
n the first movement (“Rêveries – Passions”), a long, slow, melancholy introduction evokes the Artist in his solitude, incomplete without this love; muted strings and uneasy pauses set the tone perfectly. When the Allegro starts several minutes in, Berlioz presents a musical code for the Beloved (flutes and violins), whom he sees for the first time in real life after dreaming of her. He calls this the idée fixe. It’s a “fixed idea” because it not only represents the artist’s obsessive image of the Beloved, but also plays a key part in the musical structure, coming back at crucial moments, in varied contexts that affect how it is presented. The melody’s yearning quality suggests how much the idée fixe is actually a projection of the Artist’s own desire. The harp-tinged textures of the dancecentered second movement, “A Ball,” bring out the “classical” side of Berlioz, who also numbered Mozart and Gluck among his idols. The third movement, “Scene in the Countryside,” is the longest and most enigmatic. Here the inspiration from Beethoven’s Pastoral is most obvious, but so is Berlioz’s originality in taking a different tack. The oboe and English horn play the dueting shepherds. The natural setting translates the Artist’s subjective angst into
menacing weather. The first two movements focus on the Artist’s love — an ideal whose fulfillment leaves him frustrated. The final two movements go in the polar opposite direction. If the Beloved promises an image of heaven, the music here traces a descent into hell. The fourth movement, “The March to the Scaffold,” presents a chilling image of the barbaric crowd eager to witness his execution. At its climax, Berlioz shifts from the Artist’s perspective to a crowd shot: the clarinet replays the idée fixe as the artist’s “final thought of love.” Afterward comes a graphic depiction of the guillotine’s blade snapping down — and the Artist’s head rolling. The final “Witches’ Sabbath” includes a hideous distortion of the idée fixe into a mocking, squawky taunt on E-flat clarinet. This launches the orgy of the witches’ dance itself, while the funeral is signaled by the Dies Irae melody used in the Catholic Requiem (first in the tuba, after the bells begin to toll). Even the Dies Irae gets turned into a parody in an orgiastic fugue that combines it with the witches’ dance. The Artist never awakens from this horror, but in 1831 Berlioz provided a sequel whose protagonist does: Lélio, ou le Retour à la Vie (“Lélio, or the Return to Life”). Here, music provides its own antidote to the poisonous, drug-like effects that win out in the Symphonie fantastique’s jarring conclusion. The Symphonie fantastique is scored for 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes (2nd doubling English horn), 2 clarinets (2nd doubling E-flat clarinet), 4 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 cornets, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, 2 (bass) tubas, timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, bells, 2 harps and strings. — Thomas May is the Nashville Symphony’s program annotator.
ABOUT THE CONDUCTOR THIERRY FISCHER conductor
hierry Fischer has been music director of the Utah Symphony since 2009 and will finish his term in summer 2022, becoming music director emeritus. He has been principal guest conductor of the Seoul Philharmonic since 2017, and in March 2020 he begins a new position as music director of the São Paulo Symphony Fischer has led Utah Symphony in annual single composer cycles including Mahler, Ives and Nielsen; he has also released acclaimed performances of Mahler’s symphonies 1 and 8 on Reference Records, the latter with the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. This year saw the first release of a Saint-Saëns symphony cycle on Hyperion as part of an ongoing collaboration. He has conducted the orchestra in Utah’s five national parks and forged outreach links in Haiti. In celebration of its 75th anniversary season in 2016, he brought the orchestra to
Carnegie Hall for the first time in 40 years and released a CD of newly commissioned works by Nico Muhly, Andrew Norman and Augusta Read Thomas. Highlights of summer 2019 included Fischer’s debut with The Cleveland Orchestra, and a revelatory Strauss and Sibelius program with the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment at London’s Southbank Centre. He has a significant presence this season at Flagey in Brussels. Fischer started out as principal flute in Hamburg and at the Zurich Opera. His conducting career began in his 30s, when he replaced an ailing colleague, subsequently directing his first few concerts with the Chamber Orchestra of Europe, where he was principal flute under Claudio Abbado. He served as principal conductor and artistic advisor of the Ulster Orchestra in 2001-06, and he was principal conductor of the BBC National Orchestra of Wales from 2006-12. In 2008-11, he was chief conductor of the Nagoya Philharmonic, where is now honorary guest conductor.
with the Nashville Symphony THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 14, AT 7:30 PM | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, AT 8 PM
INDIA.ARIE NASHVILLE SYMPHONY DR. HENRY PANION, III, conductor CAMERON SANKEY, keyboards CLINTON GREEN, keyboards THEODOROS GKOUTSIDIS, guitar SEAN MICHAEL RAY, electric bass P.J. SPRAGGINS, drums VALERIE SMITH, alto LENORA GOODMAN-PANION, soprano JULIET ARRINGTON, soprano MICHAEL WATKINS, tenor
Selections to be announced from the stage. This concert will last 2 hours, including a 20-minute intermission.
ABOUT THE ARTISTS INDIA.ARIE
t’s no secret to India.Arie fans that the word “worthy” has been an empowering expression of self-love for her and her audience over the years. Faithfully repurposed as the title and theme of her brand-new album, India’s first full-length offering in five years is set to impact a world finally attuned to the kind of empathic seachange the humanitarian singer/songwriter has embraced her entire career. Recognized as a major influence for a new
generation of socially aware artists, India is both ahead of her time and of it — an evocative creative force on a mission to spread healing, peace, love and unconditional self-acceptance through the power of words and music. Her seventh studio album, WORTHY soars as India’s most textured and sensual work to date; an intuitive, multi-layered effort from a mature artist not only in command of her gifts, but wise enough to shed all “unworthy” distractions. “My favorite definition of the word ‘worthy’ is deserving of regard and respect,” she says. “The songs on this album implicitly or explicitly carry the message and the energy of the word INCONCERT
S P E C I A L EV E N T
‘worthy,’ because all parts of me are worthy. I wanted to remind people that even though the world ordains that you have to ‘do’ or ‘be’ something to be ‘worthy,’ that’s not true. The truth is there is nothing special we have to do or be, we all are worthy once we arrive at that realization.” India’s message of healing, love and compassion viewed through the lens of her indelible artistry and spiritual practice has made her a global difference-maker for nearly two decades. It was 2001’s seminal Acoustic Soul and the groundbreaking selfacceptance anthem “Video” that established her as a bold new transformative force in music. Four GRAMMY® wins and 22 GRAMMY® nominations later, she endures as one of the most empowering artists in music history, notching multiple award-winning albums and influential, chart-topping singles
meshing soul, folk, pop, R&B and hip-hop, and redefining the boundaries of the socially conscious singer/songwriter. Among her many accomplishments are 10 world tours, millions of records sold, five Top 10 albums; numerous NAACP Image, BET and MTV Awards, and command performances for three U.S. presidents, as well as working alongside her mentor Stevie Wonder, including sharing the stage in his history-making 2014-15 Songs in the Key of Life Tour. India also met the Dalai Lama and toured the National Civil Rights Museum with him in Memphis. She was inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame in 2009, and has joined Oprah Winfrey on multiple projects, including being chosen by Winfrey’s OWN Network for their Super Soul 100 list in the Change Makers and Wisdom Teachers category.
DR. HENRY PANION, III
featuring Juanita Bynum, Jonathan Butler and the GGC Symphony Orchestra and Choir, Panion also made history by topping Billboard’s Gospel and Classical Crossover Charts simultaneously. From 1994 to 2000, Panion was chair of the Department of Music at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and he serves as president and founder of Audiostate 55 Recording Studios & Entertainment Company and the Gospel Symphony Collection. His numerous awards and recognitions include induction into both the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame and Alabama Arts Hall of Fame, the Congressional Black Caucus’ Civic and Cultural Advancement Award, and appointment to the post of Cultural Ambassador for the city of Birmingham. Panion holds degrees in music education and music theory from Alabama A & M University and Ohio State University, respectively.
enry Panion, III, PhD is well known for his work as a conductor and arranger for Stevie Wonder, leading many of the world’s top orchestras on the superstar’s performances and recordings. He has also served as conductor/ arranger for artists such as Aretha Franklin, Chet Atkins, Chaka Khan, Kirk Franklin, Robin Thicke, India.Arie and LeAnn Rimes. Panion’s compositions have been programmed by many major U.S. orchestras, and his work as a producer, composer, arranger and orchestrator has produced two GRAMMY® Awards, two Dove Awards and a host of other national music awards and nominations. The creative force behind Gospel Goes Classical
with the Nashville Symphony
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, AT 8 PM
CO N C E RT PA RT N E R
NASHVILLE SYMPHONY NATHAN ASPINALL, conductor JOHN SCOTT LAVENDER, conductor, music director/keyboards KERRY MARX, guitar KEN WILD, bass
This concert will last 2 hours, including a 20-minute intermission.
JOE LIZAMA, drums ZEQUINA DE ABREU / ARR. CARMEN DRAGON Tico Tico MEREDITH WILLSON / RICHARD HAYMAN The Music Man Symphonic Impressions HENRY MANCINI Charade – INTERMISSION –
JOHNNY MATHIS WITH THE NASHVILLE SYMPHONY Selections to be announced from the stage.
ABOUT THE ARTISTS JOHNNY MATHIS
ohn Royce Mathis was born on September 30, 1935, in Gilmer, Texas, to Clem & Mildred Mathis. When he was a small boy, the family moved to Post Street in San Francisco, and it was there that he learned an appreciation of music from
his father, who taught him his first song, “My Blue Heaven.” When Johnny was 8, Johnny’s father purchased an old upright piano for $25. Clem, who worked briefly as a musician in Texas, continued to teach his son songs and routines. Johnny proved to be the most eager of the children to learn all about music, singing in the church choir, at school functions and community events, as well as amateur shows in the Bay Area. A successful track and
S P EC I A L EV E N T
field athlete, Johnny was offered a chance to compete in the U.S. Olympic Trials. In the same week Columbia Records called, so he instead chose to go to New York to record his first album, which was released on July 16, 1956. Best-known for his supremely popular hits like “Chances Are,” “It’s Not for Me to Say,” and “Misty,” Johnny has recorded more than 80 albums and sold millions of records worldwide. During his extensive career, he has had three songs inducted into the GRAMMY® Hall of Fame, achieved 50 Hits on Billboard’s adult contemporary chart, and ranks as the all-time No. 6 artist in the history of Billboard’s pop charts. He has received five GRAMMY® nominations, and in 2003 he was given the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences. Johnny and his music have appeared in numerous films and TV shows, including Lizzie, The Tonight Show, Silver Linings Playbook,
Family Ties, Close Encounters of the Third Kind and Mad Men. In 2017 he released his 78th studio album, titled Johnny Mathis Sings the Great New American Songbook, and debuted his “lost” 1982 album I Love My Lady produced by Nile Rodgers and Bernard Edwards of the pivotal group CHIC. Johnny continues to be Columbia Records’ longest-signed recording artist, and to fans of all ages the Voice of Christmas! Despite a busy tour schedule and many charity events, Johnny still finds time to enjoy a little free time. He was an avid tennis player until the late 1960s, when a good friend turned him on to his now life long love of golf. He is also quite the gourmet chef, thanks to his parents, who taught him how to cook at an early age. After 64 years as a recording artist, what’s next for Johnny? “I don’t think about retiring. I think about how I can keep singing for the rest of my life. I just have to pace myself.”
JOHN SCOTT LAVENDER
his original composition, Overture to Tomorrow, as well as his own arrangements of movie classics. Lavender collaborated with composer Michael Isaacson on the orchestral score for the Museum of Jewish History in New York, and he also arranged and conducted a series of television commercials for The Gap based on music from Leonard Bernstein’s West Side Story. Lavender’s newest release, Round Midnight with cellist Roger Shell, features original and unique treatments of songs from jazz and the American songbook. Lavender holds a Bachelor of Music in Piano Performance from Bowling Green State University, pursued graduate studies in jazz at North Texas State, and earned a Master's in Instrumental Conducting from California State University, Northridge. He lives in Ohio with his wife and two children.
ohn Scott Lavender has enjoyed an eclectic music career for more than 40 years. As music director for Glenn Yarbrough, Toni Tennille and, for the last 21 years, the legendary Johnny Mathis, he has performed with and conducted orchestras throughout the United States, Canada and Great Britain. Recent guest-conducting appearances include performances of Borodin, Shostakovich and Gershwin with the Pacific Symphony and leading the Chautauqua Institution Orchestra. He also conducted the San Francisco Symphony in a program featuring the debut of
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CLASSICAL S E R IES
RACHMANINOFF’S THE BELLS THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, AT 7 PM FRIDAY & SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22 & 23, AT 8 PM
NASHVILLE SYMPHONY GIANCARLO GUERRERO, conductor PAUL JACOBS, organ NASHVILLE SYMPHONY CHORUS TUCKER BIDDLECOMBE, chorus director
RALPH VAUGHAN WILLIAMS Serenade to Music – 14 minutes HORATIO PARKER Concerto in E-Flat Minor for Organ and Orchestra, Op. 55 (1902) – 22 minutes Allegro moderato - Andante Allegretto, ma ben marcato Allegro moderato, molto risoluto
Paul Jacobs, organ – INTERMISSION – SERGEI RACHMANINOFF The Bells, Op. 35 – 35 minutes Allegro, ma non tanto Lento Presto Lento lugubre
This concert will be recorded live for future broadcast and commercial release. To ensure the highest-quality recording, please keep noise to a minimum.
This concert will last one hour and 50 minutes, including a 20-minute intermission.
PROGRAM SUMMARY The Nashville Symphony and Chorus join together for two splendid yet far too rarely heard works. Vaughan Williams wrote his Serenade to Music to words from Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice to celebrate one of England’s great conductors and humanists, Sir Henry Joseph Wood. Sergei Rachmaninoff was inspired by the poetry of Edgar Allan Poe to write his unnumbered choral symphony The Bells, in which the metaphor of bells ringing traces the human life cycle. Between these we hear another unjustly neglected work: the thrilling Organ Concerto by Horatio Parker, a tireless advocate for music education and the teacher of Charles Ives. INCONCERT
RALPH VAUGHAN WILLIAMS Serenade to Music Born on October 12, 1872, in the village of Down Ampney in Gloucestershire in southwest England
First performance: October 5, 1938, in London, with Sir Henry Wood conducting
Died on August 26, 1958, in London
rowing up in a well-off family that counted Charles Darwin as a relative, Ralph Vaughan Williams took until early middle age to establish himself as a composer. Over time, he evolved a style influenced by his research into England’s early music and folk heritage, while a period of study with the French composer Maurice Ravel enhanced his command of the orchestra. He wrote Serenade to Music at the request of the conductor Sir Henry Joseph Wood (1869-1944) as part of a special concert marking Wood’s 50th anniversary as a conductor. Wood was a champion of musical accessibility who founded the annual Proms concerts in London, which are now run by the BBC and are still regarded as a highlight of the classical music season. Vaughan Williams wanted to create a highly personal tribute in the form of a work for voices and orchestra praising music itself. The vocal scoring is unusual: rather than a generic chorus, Vaughan Williams tailored Serenade for a handpicked choir of 16 solo singers: four each of sopranos, altos and tenors; two baritones; and two basses. These were renowned performers of the era who had ties to Woods and to Vaughan Williams himself. His idea was to spotlight their individual vocal personalities in brief solos, and he even inscribed each singer’s initials at the corresponding moment in the score. But he
First Nashville Symphony performance: April 3, 1951, with music director William Strickland
Estimated length: 14 minutes
later arranged this music into more pragmatic alternative versions to facilitate performance. For example, there are versions for solo violin and orchestra, for solo vocal quartet plus chorus and orchestra, and — as in the version we hear on this program — for chorus and orchestra, with each solo line sung by small groups or sections. For his text, Vaughan Williams chose a fitting paean to music from the first scene of the final act of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice. The scene is set outdoors in the moonlight at Belmont, the idyllic estate that belongs the resourceful heiress Portia, whose ingenuity saves the day. It begins with Jessica (Shylock’s daughter) and Lorenzo, the lover for whom she has left her father, as both await Portia’s return. The couple have recently eloped, and they reflect on the magical atmosphere of this night. Lorenzo invokes the “sweet harmony” enveloping them as they gaze at the stars. Vaughan Williams culled lines from this passage and repeated a phrase to create a self-contained text for Serenade to Music.
WHAT TO LISTEN FOR
ven the words of the Bard can only describe, but never imitate, the power of music itself. Yet here is an instance of a composer using music to illuminate the power
of words. Vaughan Williams imagines a musical equivalent to the wondrous combination of lyricism, otherworldly reflection and romantic elation found in Shakespeare’s verse. He encourages us to imagine that we are privileged to hear the music that the characters in the play are describing. The word “serenade” additionally suggests the nocturnal mood that sets the stage for their moment of epiphany. A brief orchestral introduction sets out the main musical ideas. One of these involves a bluesy shift between major and minor that evokes a haunting melancholy. Harmonic shifts convey the text’s sense of wonder, eliciting the light and shadow of Shakespeare’s observations — including a
noticeably troubled darkening of atmosphere around the image of “the man that hath no music in himself.” It’s easy to sympathize with this suspicion of the Philistine indifferent to art: “let no such man be trusted.” Yet for all this variety, Vaughan Williams gives the piece a satisfying sense of unity, bringing this gorgeous music to a gently tapered close with a reminiscence of the opening that now fades with seraphic calm. Serenade to Music is scored for chorus and an orchestra of 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), oboe, English horn, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle, bass drum, harp and strings.
TEXT FOR SERENADE TO MUSIC How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank! Here will we sit and let the sounds of music Creep in our ears: soft stillness and the night Become the touches of sweet harmony. Look how the floor of heaven Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold: There’s not the smallest orb that thou behold’st But in his motion like an angel sings, Still quiring to the young-eyed cherubins; Such harmony is in immortal souls; But whilst this muddy vesture of decay Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it. Come, ho! and wake Diana with a hymn! With sweetest touches pierce your mistress’ ear, And draw her home with music. I am never merry when I hear sweet music. The reason is, your spirits are attentive —
The man that hath no music in himself, Nor is not mov’d with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils; The motions of his spirit are dull as night And his affections dark as Erebus: Let no such man be trusted. Music! hark! It is your music of the house. Methinks it sounds much sweeter than by day. Silence bestows that virtue on it How many things by season season’d are To their right praise and true perfection! Peace, ho! the moon sleeps with Endymion And would not be awak’d. Soft stillness and the night Become the touches of sweet harmony.
HORATIO PARKER Concerto in E-Flat Minor for Organ and Orchestra, Op. 55 (1902) First performance: December 1902, with the Boston Symphony and the composer as the soloist
Born on September 15, 1863, in Auburndale, Massachusetts
Died on December 18, 1919, in Cedarhurst, New York
Estimated length: 22 minutes
n 1894, a precocious student named Charles Ives enrolled at Yale University, becoming part of the first class to be taught by Horatio Parker, who had just launched his career at Yale the same year. Challenging Parker with his decidedly unconventional approach to composition, Ives would spar with his mentor; decades later, he lobbed stinging criticisms when recalling the strictures of an (often anonymous) “routine-minded professor.” Yet, as the musicologist Gayle Sherwood Magee writes, it was under Horatio Parker’s guidance that the rebellious Ives acquired “the tools to become an accomplished composer.” Parker was tirelessly devoted to education and essentially worked himself to a premature death at the age of 56. Horatio Parker came of age when such Boston-based figures as George Chadwick (one of his own teachers) were seeking to define an authentically American voice for classical music. Still, they drew heavily on developments from German Romanticism. Parker, for example, spent a formative period from 1882 to 1885 studying in Munich. Back in the U.S., Parker made a living as an organist, choirmaster and teacher — including a stint at the new National Conservatory of Music in New York, which Dvořák had just been hired to direct. Along with church music
First Nashville Symphony performance: These are the Nashville Symphony’s first performances and will be recorded live for a forthcoming release on Naxos.
and orchestral pieces, Parker wrote a largescale, Romantic oratorio, Hora novissima (1893), in which he attempted to come to terms with the deaths of his infant son and his father. Setting a text by the medieval Benedictine monk Bernard of Cluny, Hora novissima offers an ecstatic vision of Paradise. It won Parker national attention, and he became known above all for such choral compositions as St. Christopher and Morven and the Grail. He also wrote for the theater: Although it was a critical failure, Mona (1912) was the first full-length opera by an American produced at the Metropolitan Opera. The Organ Concerto was commissioned by the Boston Symphony, which requested a work in which the composer might appear as the soloist. At the time, a concerto for organ and orchestra was considered novel by Parker’s peers, but the work was dubbed “an imposing and brilliant composition” by one critic.
WHAT TO LISTEN FOR
lthough relatively compact, the Organ Concerto is the largest of Parker’s orchestral works. The composer omits the woodwind section entirely, creating an orchestral soundscape of brass, timpani, harp and strings, in and out of which he weaves
the solo organ. The first movement is unusually structured in two parts. The first begins with a forceful chord from the king of instruments emphasizing the home key of E-flat minor, over which the strings pronounce the dignified main theme. A gentle second theme, expressing both solace and longing, poses contrast. These ideas — at times presented in a kind of call-and-response between organ and ensemble — are developed in the rest of the first section. The tempo then shifts to Andante for the second, meditative section of further transformations. Setting mood of chamber music-like intimacy, this section starts with a duet between the organ
and solo violin, the harp later entering. Other solo passages follow, leading to an ecstatic climax and a subdued conclusion in B major. The second movement is scherzo-like in character, beginning with a rhythmic motto from the timpani; a lyrically contrasting middle section spotlights the organ. In the finale, again starting with drums, Parker builds a thrilling fugue from the imposing opening theme. Speeding up in the coda, the concerto comes to rest on another grand chord, now in the major. In addition to solo organ, Parker’s Concerto is scored for 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, harp and strings.
ABOUT THE SOLOIST PAUL JACOBS organ
eralded as “one of the major musicians of our time” by Alex Ross of The New Yorker, the internationally celebrated organist Paul Jacobs combines a probing intellect and extraordinary technical mastery with an unusually large repertoire. He has performed to great critical acclaim on five continents and in each of the 50 United States. The only organist ever to have won a GRAMMY® Award — in 2011, for Messiaen’s towering Livre du Saint-Sacrément — Jacobs is an eloquent champion of his instrument. Jacobs has transfixed audiences, colleagues and critics alike with landmark performances of the complete works for solo organ by J.S. Bach and Messiaen. He made musical history at age 23, when he gave an 18-hour marathon performance of Bach’s complete organ works on the 250th anniversary of the composer’s death. A fierce advocate of new music, Jacobs has premiered works by Mason Bates, Michael
Daugherty, John Harbison, Stephen Paulus, Christopher Theofanidis and Christopher Rouse, among others. No other organist has been repeatedly invited to perform as a soloist with prestigious orchestras. Jacobs regularly appears with the Chicago Symphony, The Cleveland Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Lucerne Symphony Orchestra, Minnesota Orchestra, Montréal Symphony, National Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony, among others. Highlights of Jacobs’ 2019/20 season include performances of Michael Daugherty’s Once Upon a Castle with the Philadelphia Orchestra and Kansas City Symphony; three orchestral engagements with maestro Giancarlo Guerrero, including programs with the Nashville Symphony, Bamberg Symphony and NFM Wrocław Philharmonic; a recital for the inauguration of the newly restored Hazel Wright organ at the Christ Cathedral in Garden Grove, California; and a Paris recital at the Maison de la Radio, presented by Radio France and the Orchestre National de France.
SERGEI RACHMANINOFF The Bells, Op. 35 Born on April 1, 1873, in Semyonovo, Russia
Died on March 28, 1943, in Beverly Hills, California
Composed: January-August 1913
Estimated length: 35 minutes
or the concert honoring Sir Henry Wood at which Serenade was premiered, Sergei Rachmaninoff appeared in person as the soloist in his Second Piano Concerto. Wood’s enthusiasm for the Russian composer extended to championing his unusual composition The Bells, an extraordinary unnumbered symphony written a few years before Rachmaninoff left his Russian homeland for permanent exile. Rachmaninoff cherished The Bells, which was inspired by Edgar Allan Poe, as the favorite among his works — even preferring it over the concertos he wrote for himself as a piano soloist. He chose to include it on the program of the final concert he conducted, with the Chicago Symphony in 1941. Rachmaninoff was also very fond of another of his choral works, the All-Night Vigil or Vespers, which he wrote two years later. Perhaps at least part of his enthusiasm toward these pieces in later years was related to his American exile. These scores embody different aspects of Rachmaninoff ’s reminiscences of the rituals and sounds of his youth and of a long-sincevanished Russia. Though he was not a conventionally pious man, Rachmaninoff retained memories of the Russian Orthodox liturgies to which his grandmother took him as a boy. Though he is most often associated with the piano,
First performance: December 13, 1913, in Saint Petersburg, with the composer conducting
First Nashville Symphony performance: December 3-5, 2009, with Music Director Giancarlo Guerrero
the sounds of chant and tolling ceremonial bells were firmly lodged in his imagination — the Third Piano Concerto, for example, starts off with a theme that could easily be mistaken for chant. “The sound of church bells dominated all the cities of Russia I used to know,” Rachmaninoff wrote in his memoirs. “They accompanied every Russian from childhood to the grave, and no composer could escape their influence.” In the winter of 1913, while exhausted from overwork and on a much-needed vacation with his family in Rome, Rachmaninoff received in the mail a copy of Poe’s poem “The Bells,” in a translation by the Russian Symbolist poet Konstantin Balmont. It had been sent by an anonymous admirer, who suggested that Rachmaninoff should try putting it to music. As was the case with later-19th-century French writers such as Charles Baudelaire, a number of Russian composers of the early 20th felt an uncanny attraction to Poe’s world. Rachmaninoff began composing The Bells while staying in the same apartment, by the Piazza di Spagna, where Tchaikovsky had vacationed in Rome decades before — even using the same desk as his illustrious predecessor. A family emergency compelled Rachmaninoff to leave Rome and return to Russia. He completed The Bells at the beloved
summer estate owned by his wife’s family — just a few months after Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring had its history-making premiere. Possibly written in 1848, Poe’s “The Bells” was published posthumously. It’s often singled out as an ingenious example of onomatopoeia: the technique of using language to imitate the actual sounds being described. The Russian title is Kolokola and is also onomatopoetic, although Balmont’s translation does not contain as much manic repetition as the English original and even inserts some lines to moderate the horror evoked by Poe’s vision. Rather like Vaughan Williams with Shakespeare, Rachmaninoff explores the resonance of the words in musical terms. To this end, he takes advantage of coloristic effects, word painting and different combinations of chorus and orchestra, as well as the repetition of thematic ideas. Poe’s original poem comprises four dramatically contrasting stanzas. “All the world’s a bell,” as it were: We find four different stages of a universal life course rung out, from birth to death (as opposed to the seven delineated by Shakespeare in “All the world’s a stage” from As You Like It). Rachmaninoff structures these as four distinct movements of a symphony, each characterized by a unique atmosphere and a corresponding sequence of signature bell sounds.
WHAT TO LISTEN FOR
he opening Allegro, the briefest of the four movements, presents the optimistic and sweet sound of “silver bells.” Along with the
carefree joys of youth, these bells foreshadow the “universal slumber” of death that is waiting beyond their promise. Rachmaninoff works this duality into his score by contrasting the lighthearted timbres and mirthful music for tenor and chorus with a gently hummed, wordless choral passage, which suggests the “generations past all number” who have gone before and remain as echoes. As the joyful mood returns, a softly rocking motif that progressively descends emerges in the upper strings. It will serve as a unifying device across the remaining movements. This melodic idea returns at the start of the slow movement, a warmly lyrical ode for solo soprano and chorus that omits percussion. Though its harmonies are beguiling, the “golden” happiness of tender “wedding bells” is not entirely unclouded. Rachmaninoff ’s music conveys a sense of fateful, solemn ritual, even suggesting at times a funereal aspect that poses a counterpart to the bride’s soaring rapture. Rachmaninoff transforms Poe’s stanza on the bells of alarm, which sound the alert to a nighttime fire, into an energetic scherzo at breakneck speed. At the start, these “brazen” bells — symbolizing the anxieties of adult life and approaching infirmity — ring in a confusion of overlapping layers. There is no solo voice, only the collective terror of the crowd adding to the din of panic. Even when the momentum subsides, the underlying sense of fear eventually regathers in fresh outbursts. The lengthy final movement is the most remarkable. Rachmaninoff ’s model is Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony, the “Pathétique,”
which had introduced the radically unsettling design of a slow movement as the conclusion to an epic symphony. Following Poe’s description of the “mournful” bells whose “stern monody” rings out the fate of all, Rachmaninoff similarly resorts to a slow finale, marked lento lugubre —“lugubriously slow.” This finale of death knells begins with a desolate orchestral introduction that features an inconsolable solo for the English horn. The voice of the solo bass is most fitting here, shadowed by the chorus. The music passes into a worried Allegro that harshly reworks the first movement’s “tolling” motif and then slows again for another passage of choral
humming. In the final pages, for orchestra alone, Rachmaninoff allows a consoling glimmer of transcendence. In addition to the soprano, tenor and baritone soloists and mixed choir, The Bells is scored for 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 3 oboes, English horn, 3 clarinets, bass clarinet, 3 bassoons, contrabassoon, 6 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, tubular bells, glockenspiel, triangle, tambourine, cymbals, snare drum, bass drum, tam-tam, pianino, celesta, harp, organ (ad lib) and strings. — Thomas May is the Nashville Symphony’s program annotator.
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NASHVILLE SYMPHONY CHORUS TUCKER BIDDLECOMBE, Chorus Director
Kacie Dunham Allison Espada Becky Evans-Young Amy Frogge Kelli Gauthier Rebecca Greer Grace J. Guill† Ally Hard Stacey Haslam Vanessa D. Jackson* Katie Lawrence
Jennifer Lynn Alisha Austi Menard Jean Miller Jessie Neilson Angela Pasquini Clifford Samantha Petry Kristine Phillips Beth Pirtle Ring Renita J. Smith-Crittendon
Carol Armes Kathy Bearden Tessa Berger Mary Bond Vinéecia Buchanan Mary Callahan* Cathi Carmack† Kelsey Christian Lisa Cooper† Helen Cornell Carla M. Davis† Amanda Leigh Dier
Erin Elgass Cara Frank Dana Purser Gary Katherine Gillett Elizabeth Gilliam† Debra L. Greenspan Bevin Gregory Judith Griffin Leah Handelsman Amanda Hopkins Sidney Hyde Liza Marie Johnston
Valerie Kamen Leah Koesten Stephanie Kraft Emily Longenecker Shelly McCormack Asha Moody Jessica Moore Stephanie Moritz Shelia Mullican Valerie Nelson Lisa Pellegrin Annette Phillips
Stacy L. Reed Debbie Reyland Anna Lea Ritchie Allie Senyard Hannah Sims Anjali Sivaainkaran Madalynne Skelton Caroline Kimbrey Talbert* Deanna Talbert Kathryn Whitaker Maggie Zeillmann
Anthony R. Barta Robert Bennett Eric Boehme Kevin Brenner Brett Cartwright Taylor Chadwick Joe A. Fitzpatrick Fred Garcia Danny Gordon*
Kory Henkel William F. Hodge† Ron Jensen Mitchell Lane Scott Lee Lynn McGill Don Mott Devin Mueller Ryan Norris
John Perry Keith Ramsey David M. Satterfield†* Zach Shrout Daniel Sissom Eddie Smith Stephen Sparks† Joel Tellinghuisen Christopher Thompson
Benjamin Tyrrel Richard Colby White Richard Wineland Scott Wolfe John Logan Wood Jonathan Yeaworth
Ashlinn Snyder Paige Stinnett Clair Susong Marva A. Swann Marjorie Taggart Angie Thomas* Ashley Vance Jan Staats Volk† Camille Winton Sylvia Wynn Callie Zindell
Beverly Anderson† Katie Arata Esther Bae Amie Bates Jill Boehme Stephanie Breiwa Christine Brosend Daphne Bugelli Sara Jean Curtiss Claire Delcourt Katie Doyle
Gilbert Aldridge James Cortner Nick Davidson Dustin Derryberry Frank Ellsworth Mark Filosa Ian M. Frazier Stuart Garber George Goetschel Tim Goodenough
Duane Hamilton Andrew Hard Luke Harnish Richard Hatfield† Carl Johnson Kenneth Keel Justin Kirby William Loyd Taylor Lucy Rob Mahurin
Adam Mamula Bruce Meriwether Andrew Miller Christopher Mixon Chandler Montgomery Steve Myers Alec Oziminski Steve Prichard Daniel Silva Merv Snider
William E. Squires Larry Strachan David B. Thomas†* Alex Tinianow Brian Warford* Eric Wiuff Hunter Yates
* Section Leader † 25+ year members
Andrew Miller, president Sara Crigger, librarian
Jeff Burnham, accompanist
The Nashville Symphony is deeply grateful to the following individuals who support its concert season and its services to the community through their generous contributions to the Annual Fund and support for Special Events. Donors as of October 4, 2019.
MARTHA RIVERS INGRAM SOCIETY Gifts of $50,000 + Mr. Newman & Mr. Johnathon Arndt ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Jack O. Bovender Jr. Mr. Michael Carter, Sr. & Mrs. Pamela Carter ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Kevin W. Crumbo ◊
Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Giacobone ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Mark Humphreys Mrs. Martha Rivers Ingram ◊ Donna & Ralph Korpman Richard & Sharalena Miller ◊
Gifts of $25,000 - $49,999
WALTER SHARP SOCIETY Mr. & Mrs. James Ayers Mr. Russell W. Bates ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Dennis Bottorff ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Martin S. Brown Sr.* Mr. & Mrs. Richard W. Carlton The Rev. & Mrs. Fred Dettwiller ◊
Mr. & Mrs. Anthony Giarratana Mr. and Mrs. Paul Gravette Giancarlo & Shirley Guerrero ◊ Lee Ann & Orrin Ingram Patricia and Louis Todd Family Foundation Mr. & Mrs. Ben R. Rechter ◊
Mr. Ronald P. Soltman, in memory of Judith Cram ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Mark Tillinger ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Steve Turner ◊ David* & Gail Williams ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Joel Williams ◊
Gifts of $15,000 - $24,999
VIRTUOSO SOCIETY Anonymous Mr. & Mrs. Rick Scarola Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Bailey Mrs. Melinda S. & Dr. Jeffrey R. Balser ◊ H. Victor Braren, M.D. ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Colin A. Butler ◊ Mr. & Mrs. John Chadwick Carol & Frank Daniels III ◊ Tommy & Julie Frist Ms. Gail Danner Greil ◊
Mr. & Mrs. Robert D. Olsen ◊ Drs. Mark & Nancy Peacock ◊ Mr. & Mrs. James C. Seabury III ◊
Brenda & David Griffin ◊ Patricia & H. Rodes Hart ◊ Mr. and Mrs. James A. Haslam III Mr. and Mrs. James A. Haslam II Vicki & Rick Horne ◊ Drs. Edmund & Lauren Parker Jackson ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Howard S. Kirshner ◊ Ellen Harrison Martin ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. McCabe Jr. ◊ Mr. & Mrs. David K. Morgan ◊
Mr. & Mrs. Mark E. Nicol ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Philip M. Pfeffer ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Gustavus A. Puryear IV ◊ Anne & Joe Russell ◊ Ron & Diane Shafer ◊ Mr. Robert J. Turner & Mr. Jay Jones ◊ Alan D. & Jan L. Valentine ◊ Jonathan & Janet Weaver ◊
2 019/20 B OA R D O F D I R ECTORS OFFICERS
Interim Board Chair
Alan D. Valentine
Immediate Past Chair
President & CEO
Rev. Dexter Sutton Brewer Vice Chair
+ Indicates Young Leaders Intern
Newman Arndt Melinda Balser Dr. H. Victor Braren Mary Cavarra Michelle Collins Carol Daniels Nick Deidiker James Edward Demont, II + Christopher Farrell Andrew Giacobone Edward A. Goodrich Brenda P. Griffin
Derek Hawkes Michael W. Hayes Christopher T. Holmes Vicki Horne Emily Humphreys Lee Ann Ingram Martha R. Ingram Dr. Edmund Jackson Jay Jones Laura Kimbrell Sandra Lipman Cynthia Clark Matthews
Andy Miller Richard L. Miller Pat Murphy Bob Olsen Victoria Pao Jeremie Papin W. Brantley Phillips, Jr. Ric J. Potenz Jennifer H. Puryear Dr. Janice Riley-Burt E. Kelly Sanford Carolyn W. Schott
James C. Seabury III Luis Solana Karl Sprules Mark Tillinger Glen Wanner Jonathan G. Weaver James W. White Peri Widener Betsy Wills Clare Yang Alan R. Yuspeh Shirley Zeitlin
2 019/2 0 A S SO C I AT E B OA RD OF DIRECTORS OFFICERS
Ginny Stalker Taylor Vickery
Spirits of Summer Chair
I N D I V I D UA L PAT R O N S
overning Members receive access to Founders Hall donor lounge, complimentary drinks, special access, exclusive invitations and behind-the-scenes experiences. Membership is offered with an annual gift of $3,000 and purchase of 4+ concerts.
Jay Jones, Chair Ric Potenz, Chair Emeritus
Visit NashvilleSymphony.org/GoverningMembers for more information. ◊ denotes donors who are Governing Members
MUSICIANS CIRCLE Anonymous Mr. and Mrs. John H. Bailey III Mr. Randy Bernard Blevins, Inc. ◊ Mrs. J. C. Bradford Jr. ◊ Ann & Frank Bumstead ◊ Drs. Rodney & Janice Burt ◊ Mrs. William Sherrard Cochran Sr. Mr.* & Mrs. W. Ovid Collins Ben & Julie Cundiff ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Brownlee O. Currey Jr. Hilton & Sallie Dean ◊ Nick & Connie Deidiker ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Robert S. Doochin ◊
Tom & Judy Foster ◊ Allis Dale & John Gillmor ◊ Mr. & Mrs. F. David Haas ◊ Dick & Vicki Hammer ◊ Mr.* & Mrs. Spencer Hays ◊ Gregory T. Hersh ◊ Mr. Robert C. Hilton ◊ Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Holloway Hank Ingram ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Charles L. Irby Sr. ◊ Mr. and Mrs. R. Milton Johnson Mr. & Mrs. T. K. Kimbrell ◊ Retired COL's, Steve & Julie Lomax ◊ The Melkus Family Foundation
Gifts of $10,000 - $14,999 Mr. and Mrs. Robert J. Mendes The Honorable Gilbert S. Merritt ◊ Victoria & William Pao ◊ Ms. Carolyn W. Schott Mrs. Nelson Severinghaus ◊ Mr. Karl Sprules Margaret & Cal Turner ◊ Mr. & Mrs. James F. Turner Jr. ◊ Mr. & Mrs. James W. White ◊ Jimmie D. & Patricia L. White ◊ The Harris Widener Family Fund ◊ Shirley Zeitlin ◊
STRADIVARIUS SOCIETY Gifts of $5,000 - $9,999 Anonymous (2) Dr. & Mrs. Gregg P. Allen ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Gregory T. Allen Mr. & Mrs. Timothy W. Arnold Mr. & Mrs. Ward A. Baker Judy & Joe Barker ◊ Michael V. and Sharry D. Beard ◊ Clara and Wesley Belden ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Earl Bentz Ms. Erin L. Bishop ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Frank H. Boehm ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Charles C. Boyd IV Mr. & Mrs. Harold Brewer Chuck & Sandra Cagle ◊ John E. Cain III Mike & Jane Ann Cain ◊ Ms. Pamela Casey ◊ Fred Cassetty ◊ Dr. Elizabeth Cato Mr. & Mrs. Ryan Clark ◊ Dorit & Donald Cochron ◊ Brian & Haden Cook ◊ Dr. and Mrs. Donald A. Cox III Mr. & Mrs. Justin Dell Crosslin ◊ Drs. Michael S. and Rowena D. Cuffe Mr. & Mrs. J. Bradford Currie BioVentures, Inc. ◊ Mr. Robert J. Deal and Mr. Jason T. Bradshaw Mr. & Mrs. Robert J. Dennis ◊ Marty & Betty Dickens ◊ Laura & Wayne* Dugas ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Burton Dye ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Jere Mann Ervin Mrs. Annette S. Eskind ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Jeffrey B. Eskind ◊
* denotes donors who are deceased
The Jane & Richard Eskind & Family Foundation ◊ Laurie & Steven Eskind Marilyn Ezell Jennifer & Billy Frist Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey D. Fuller Ed & Nancy Goodrich ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Frederick S. Grace Kate R. W. Grayken Dr. and Mrs. Donald Griffin Carl & Connie Haley ◊ Carolyn N. and Terry W. Hamby ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Tom Harrington ◊ Mr. & Mrs. J. Michael Hayes Mr. and Mrs. Steven M. Hoffman Mr. and Mrs. Paul L. Huddleston Mr. and Mrs. David B. Ingram Keith & Nancy* Johnson Mr. and Mrs. Elliott W. Jones Sr. Mr. and Mrs. John S. Kendall Ms. Sarah Kendrick ◊ Heloise Werthan Kuhn ◊ Dr. and Mrs. Cregan Laborde Drs. Paul & Dana Latour Dr. & Mrs. George R. Lee ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Ryan C. Lipscomb ◊ Myles & Joan MacDonald ◊ Mr. and Mrs. David L. Manning Red & Shari Martin ◊ Dr. Shawn Mathis & Mrs. Vida Mathis ◊ Ms. Jennifer McCoy & Mr. JT Dominick ◊ Jayne Menkemeller ◊ Edward D. & Linda F. Miles ◊ Christopher & Patricia Mixon ◊ Mr. & Mrs. A. Bruce Moore Jr. Jonathan Norris & Jennifer Carlat ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Larry D. Odom ◊
◊ denotes donors who are Governing Members
Dr. Christopher J. Ott & Mr. Jeremy R. Simons Ms. Aylin Ozgener and Mr. Scott Hethcox Mr. and Mrs. Laurence M. Papel Todd & Diandra Peacock ◊ Peggy & Hal Pennington Joelle & Brant Phillips DeDe Priest ◊ Mrs. Donna L. Richardson Carol & John T. Rochford ◊ Mr. & Mrs. David L. Rollins Mr. and Mrs. John B. Rosen ◊ Joe & Dorothy Scarlett ◊ Dr. & Mrs. John Schneider ◊ Mrs. J. Ronald Scott ◊ Nelson & Sheila Shields The Shields Family Foundation ◊ Mr.* & Mrs. Martin E. Simmons Mr. & Mrs. Irvin Small ◊ Michael & Grace Sposato ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Hans Stabell ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Jack Stalker ◊ Carol A. Tate ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Matthew K. Taylor ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Bradley D. Thacker Mr. and Mrs. George B. Tomlin Jr. Mr. and Mrs. James S. Turner Jr. Peggy & John Warner ◊ Mrs. Lisa W. Wheeler ◊ Mrs. Holly Anderson Wilds Jerry & Ernie Williams ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Toby S. Wilt Janet & Alan Yuspeh Barbara & Bud* Zander ◊ Mr. Nicholas S. Zeppos & Ms. Lydia A. Howarth ◊
I N D I V I D U A L PAT R O N S
GOLDEN BATON SOCIETY Gifts of $3,000 - $4,999 Anonymous (3) Mr. & Mrs. John V. Abbott ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Stephen M. Abelman ◊ Shelley Alexander ◊ Mr. and Mrs. C. Dale Allen Mr. and Mrs. William F. Andrews Mr. and Mrs. David F. Arnholt Jeremy & Rebecca Atack ◊ Jon K. & Colleen Atwood ◊ Grace & Carl Awh ◊ Brian & Beth Bachmann David Baldwin & Melissa K. Moss ◊ Ned Bates and Brigette Anschuetz ◊ Elisabetha Baugh ◊ Dr. & Mrs. John Baxter ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Robert O. Begtrup ◊ Betty C. Bellamy ◊ Dr. and Mrs. Randy Bellows ◊ Dr. Eric & Elaine Berg ◊ Dennis & Tammy Boehms ◊ Jamey Bowen & Norman Wells ◊ Randal & Priscilla Braker ◊ Mary Lawrence Breinig ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Phillip L. Bressman ◊ Steven & Cassandra Brosvik ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Gary M. Brown Mr. & Mrs. Steve R. Brubaker ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Del R. Bryant David L. & Chigger J. Bynum ◊ Ms. Betsy Calabrace ◊ Mary Taylor Gallagher & Chris Cardwell ◊ Sykes & Ann Cargile ◊ David L. Carlton ◊ Crom & Kathy Carmichael ◊ Tom & Kathi Carr ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Dennis C. Carter ◊ Mr. and Mrs. George E. Cassady III Mrs. Joanne G. Cato Mary & Joseph Cavarra ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Cooper Chilton ◊ Catherine Chitwood ◊ David & Starling Clark Jay & Ellen Clayton ◊ Terry & Holly Clyne ◊ Ed & Pat Cole ◊ Mr. & Mrs. H. Rhea Cole ◊ Marjorie Collins ◊ Dr. Michael Conver
Mr. & Mrs. Charles W. Cook Jr. ◊ Kathy & Scott Corlew ◊ Teresa Corlew & Wes Allen ◊ Roger & Barbara Cottrell ◊ David Coulam & Lucy A. Visceglia ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Roy J. Covert ◊ Joel* & Charlotte Covington ◊ Dr.* & Mrs. James Crafton ◊ Leslie J. Crofford ◊ Ms. Amy J. Smith and Mr. Michael A. Cronin Janine Cundiff ◊ Angela & Charles Curtiss ◊ Dr. and Mrs. Charles E. Daley III ◊ Mr. M. Bradshaw Darnall III Myrtianne Downs ◊ Stephen & Kimberly Drake ◊ Dr. & Mrs. E. Mac Edington Drs. James & Rena Ellzy ◊ Mr. Owen T. Embry ◊ Dr. Noelle Daugherty & Dr. Jack Erter ◊ Victor Evans Dr. Meredith A. Ezell Ms. Paula Fairchild ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Timothy E. Farley Mr. & Mrs. Will Fischer ◊ Dr. Arthur C. Fleischer & Family ◊ John & Barbara Fletcher ◊ Drs. Robert* & Sharron Francis Mr. & Mrs. Pete Franks ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Steven G. Fridrich Mrs. Karyn M. Frist Cathey & Wilford Fuqua ◊ Dr. Ronald E. Galbraith & Mrs. Faith H. Galbraith ◊ Ms. Harper Ganick Ms. Kathryn Ganier Mr. & Mrs. Mike Gann ◊ Harris A. Gilbert ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Roy J. Gilleland III ◊ Mr. Amos R. Glass ◊ Andrew & Alene Gnyp ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Joel C. Gordon Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Gordon Gerald C. Greer & Scott Hoffman MD ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Benjamin D. Griffin ◊ Steve & Anna Grizzle Karen & Daniel Grossman & Family ◊ Ms. Tracy Guarino
John & Libbey Hagewood ◊ Mrs. Robbie J. Hampton ◊ Ted Hanson ◊ Dr. Edward Hantel ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. Henry ◊ Dr. Jan Van Eys & Judith Hodges ◊ Ms. Cornelia B. Holland ◊ Drs. Robert Hines* & Mary Hooks ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Donald J. Israel ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Clay T. Jackson ◊ Mr. & Mrs. John F. Jacques ◊ Janet & Philip Jamieson ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Lou Jennings ◊ George & Shirley Johnston ◊ Mr. Mountaine M. Jonas ◊ Ms. Amanda K. Kane ◊ Mrs. Edward C. Kennedy William Killebrew Tom & Darlene Klaritch ◊ Mr. & Mrs. David J. Klintworth ◊ Anne Knauff ◊ Mr. William E. Knestrick Jack T. & Sophie Knott ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Michael A. Koban Jr. ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Stewart Koch Ms. Pamela L. Koerner ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Edward J. Kovach ◊ Mrs. Nona Jane Kroha ◊ Mr. Neil B. Krugman and Ms. Leona M. Pratt Kevin & Nicole Krushenski ◊ Mr. Paul H. Kuhn, Jr. ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Thomas W. Land ◊ Mr. Edward Lanquist ◊ Martha & Larry Larkin ◊ Kevin & May Lavender Ms. Ellen E. Lehman Mr. & Mrs. Joseph C. Lentini ◊ Hon. & Mrs. Thomas R. Lewis ◊ Marye & Bill Lewis ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Nicholas Lippolis ◊ Mr. Brent D. Longtin & Mr. Douglas A. Darsow ◊ Mr. Mark E. Lopez & Mr. Patrick J. Boggs ◊ Dr. and Mrs. Lloyd R. Lowry III Mr. & Mrs.* George Luscombe II ◊ Mr. John M. Lutz Mr. John Maddux ◊ Ms. Orlene Makinson ◊ Lynn & Jack May ◊
Patrons enjoying Opening Weekend Festivities, September 2019
Sheila & Richard McCarty ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Cary A. McClure Mr. & Mrs. Chet Melvin ◊ Dr. Mark & Mrs. Theresa Messenger ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Miller Laurie Miller ◊ Mr. David K. Mitchell ◊ Mr. & Mrs. S. Moharreri ◊ Bill & Cindy Morelli Mr. Wayne E. Morris ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Kelvin A. Moses ◊ Matt & Rhonda Mulroy ◊ James & Patricia Munro ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Joseph L. Nave Jr. ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Michael S. Neal Mr. Chase Neely Mrs. Gwen Noe ◊ Dr. Agatha L. Nolen ◊ Mr. & Mrs.* Robert J. Notestine ◊ Dr. John A. Oates Jr.* & Meredith S. Oates ◊ David & Pamela Palmer ◊ Grant & Janet Patterson ◊ Susan Holt & Mark Patterson ◊ Drs. Teresa & Phillip Patterson ◊ Mr. Richard M. Patterson Mr. and Mrs. Scott C. Pohlman Dr. & Mrs. Dale Pilkinton Donna and Tom Priesmeyer ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Hugh M. Queener Dr. Zeljko & Tanya Radic ◊ Mr. & Mrs. W. Edward Ramage ◊ Mr. James H. Reed IV and Mr. Jack Arnold Allison Reed & Sam Garza ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Alexander T. Renfro ◊ Mr. James E. Richfield Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Riven ◊ Dr. Robert & Taylor Robinson ◊ Misha Robledo Anne & Charles Roos ◊ Ms. Sara L. Rosson & Ms. Nancy Menke ◊ Ms. Mary Frances Rudy ◊ Samuel A. Santoro & Mary M. Zutter ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Eric M. Saul ◊ Dr. Norm Scarborough & Ms. Kimberly Hewell ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Timothy P. Schoettle Peggy C. Sciotto ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Stephen Seale ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Robert A. Sewell ◊
I N D I V I D UA L PAT R O N S Joan Blum Shayne ◊ Steve & Holly Shelton ◊ Allen Spears* & Colleen Sheppard ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Brian S. Smallwood David & Niki Smith ◊ Dr. Neil & Ruth Smith ◊ K.C. & Mary Smythe ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Brandt N. Snedeker Mr. Jason P. Somerville & Mr. Eric Cook ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Joseph A. Sowell III
Clark Spoden & Norah Buikstra ◊ Christopher & Maribeth Stahl ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Joe N. Steakley Mr. & Mrs. Barry Steele ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Steele Robert & Virginia Stewart ◊ Deborah & James Stonehocker ◊ Mr. & Mrs. James G. Stranch III ◊ Dr. Steve A. Hyman & Mr. Mark Lee Taylor ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Timothy Thomson ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Jerry Thursby ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Alexander Townes ◊
Martha J. Trammell ◊ Mrs. Catherine W. Turner Mr. James N. Vickers & Mr. Brian Schafer ◊ Ms. Joyce A. Vise Mr. & Mrs. William H. Wade ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Martin H. Wagner ◊ James & Greta Walsh ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Mark Wathen ◊ Talmage M. Watts & Debra Greenspan Watts ◊ Carroll Van West & Mary Hoffschwelle ◊
Mr. James L. White ◊ Stacy Widelitz ◊ Mr. & Mrs. Ridley Wills III Mr. & Mrs. William M. Wilson Mr. & Mrs. Marvin L. Wood ◊ Ira Work ◊ Dr. Artmas L. Worthy ◊ Dr. Burton Elrod and Ms. Carol H. Yarbrough Donna B. Yurdin ◊ Mr. Craig Zimberg & Ms. Tara Sawdon ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Victor L. Zirilli ◊
CONDUCTOR’S CIRCLE Gifts of $1,500 - $2,999 Anonymous (7) Jeff & Tina Adams Drs. Wendell S. & Paige Akers Mr. & Mrs. Roger Allbee Ms. Elizabeth Allen Lisa & Mr. Gerry Altieri Mr. and Mrs. Sterling R. Ambrose Dr. and Mrs. John E. Anderson Mr. and Mrs. Craig J. Andreen Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Andrews Mr. Frank M. Andrews Mr. and Mrs. Donald Ansley Ms. Jennifer McNew Appelt Mr. and Mrs. DeVan D. Ard Jr. Mr. and Mrs. John K. Aron Ms. Deborah Arvin Mr. Bruce G. Aubrey Ms. Peggy Mayo Bailey Mr. Ron Balcarras Mr. and Mrs. Keith M. Barry Mr. and Mrs. Frank A. Basile Mr. & Mrs. John Bearden Mr. and Mrs. Ezra C. Beasley III Craig & Angela Becker Mrs. Raymond P. Bills Celia Applegate & David Blackbourn Randolph & Elaine Blake Dr. & Mrs. Marion G. Bolin Gene & Donna Bonfoey Mr. & Mrs. Jerry D. Bostelman Mr. and Mrs. Alandis Brassel Dan & Mindy Brodbeck Berry & Connie Brooks Mr. and Mrs. John H. Bryan III Jean & David Buchanan Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey G. Bunting Mr. and Mrs. Michael J. Bussard Drs. Robert F. and Mirna Caldwell Dr. and Mrs. Alfred S. Callahan III Mr. & Mrs. William H. Cammack Mr. Brian Carden Dr. Robert J. Carroll Bill & Chris Carver Vickie & Buzz Cason
Ms. Caroline Brzozowicz David & Pam Chamberlin Mr. & Mrs. Terry W. Chandler ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Mark Weston Chapman Erica & Doug Chappell Mr. & Mrs. Robert W. Chasanoff Barbara & Eric Chazen Mr. J.D. Picksley Cheek Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Sam E. Christopher Drs. Keith and Leslie Churchwell Sallylou & David Cloyd Cindy & Doug Cobb Amy & Overton Colton Greg & Mary Jo Cote Katherine C. Daniel Mr. and Mrs. Paul S. Davidson Mr. and Mrs. Ansel L. Davis Linda & Ben Davis ◊ Dr. & Mrs. Eric Delpire Dr. Kenny F. Williard and Ms. Debra J. Dement Mr. and Mrs. William P. Dial Mr. and Mrs. Stephen T. Dolan Carol & Harold Donaldson Peter & Kathleen Donofrio Ms. Linda Kartoz-Doochin & Mr. Michael Doochin Mr. and Mrs. Richard Douglas III Kathryn Applegate Duffer Mr. and Mrs. M. Gavin Duke Mr.* & Mrs. Glenn Eaden Mr. and Mrs. John W. Eakin Jr. Mr. & Mrs.* DeWitt Ezell Mr. Paul D. Vasterling and Mr. Jason Facio Mr. and Mrs. Robert I. Falk John & Debbie Farringer Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey L. Fincher Mr. and Mrs. James A. Fitzgerald Jr. John David & Mary Dale Trabue Fitzgerald Mr. and Mrs. Brennon A. Fitzpatrick Mr. and Mrs. Matthew H. Fones Ann D. Frisch Dr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Frist Jr.
Mr. & Mrs. Stephen A. Frohsin Mr. and Mrs. G. Robert Frost Mr. and Mrs. Charles S. Fulk II Dr. & Mrs. John R. Furman Peter & Debra Gage Mr. and Mrs. Albert F. Ganier III Mr. & Mrs. Stuart Garber Mr. and Mrs. Scott Gardner Carlene Hunt & Marshall Gaskins John & Lorelee Gawaluck ◊ Dr. and Ms. Richard J. Geer Mr. & Mrs. Fred C. Goad Jr. Richard A. Green Mr. and Mrs. Keith Gregg John & Melissa Halsell The Evelyn S. & Jim Horne Hankins Foundation Jim & Stephanie Hastings Mr. & Mrs. John Burton Hayes Mr. and Mrs. Samuel N. Hazen Mrs. Nancy P. Hearn Suzy Heer Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey C. Heeren Mr. & Mrs. Marion W. Hickerson III Mr. Kevin E. Hickman Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin H. Hill ◊ Dr. Elisabeth Dykens & Dr. Robert Hodapp Mr. and Mrs. Hampton A. Holcomb Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Jay M. Hollomon Chris & Susan Holmes Mrs. Henry W. Hooker* Mr. & Mrs. Ephriam H. Hoover III Dr. and Mrs. Stephen L. Houff Bruce & Diane Houglum Hudson Family Foundation Mr. & Mrs. John Huie Bud Ireland Mr. & Mrs. Toshinari Ishii Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth S. Adams IV Donald L. Jackson G. Brian Jackson & Roger E. Moore Mr. David James &
* denotes donors who are deceased
Ms. Jeri Thomson Barry & Suzanne Jennings Mary Loventhal Jones Mr. and Mrs. Russell A. Jones Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Douglas H. Joyce Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kelley Mr. & Mrs. W Evans Kemp Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Michael S. Kestner Mr. and Mrs. David C. Kloeppel Walter & Sarah Knestrick William C. & Deborah Patterson Koch ◊ Linda R. Koon Mr. and Mrs. Christopher F. Kyriopoulos Mr. and Mrs. Marc F. Lagasse Mr. & Mrs. Randolph M. LaGasse Robert & Carol Lampe Mr. & Mrs.* Samuel W. Lavender Dr. Luis G. Fernandez and Dr. Viviana A. Lavin Dr. Michelle Law ◊ John & Barbara Lawless ◊ Mr. & Mrs. John M. Leap ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Jefferson Leeper Sally M. Levine ◊ Don & Patti Liedtke Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence M. Lipman Mrs. Travis B. Loller & Mr. James A. Nichols ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan R. Lund Mr. and Mrs. Daniel O. MacLellan Mrs. Charles Taxon Malott Captain Nathan Marsh Metro Fire Fighter Mr. Andrew Martin Ms. Helen J. Mason Steve & Susie Mathews Mr. and Mrs. Timothy L. Mayes Ms. Kathryn McDaniel Mr. and Mrs. William D. McDowell Mr. & Mrs. Michael McIlwain Dr. and Mrs. Dailey A. McPeak
◊ denotes donors who are Governing Members INCONCERT
I N D I V I D U A L PAT R O N S Drs. Manfred* & Susan Menking Mr. Steve Merryman Ingrid Meszoely MD Ms. Jennifer L. Michaeli Mr. & Mrs. Michael G. Miller ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Donald R. Moody Joseph & Julia Moore Mr. & Mrs. James Moore Margaret & David Moss Mr. and Mrs. Paul D. Murfree Anne & Peter Neff Leslie & Scott Newman ◊ Mary & Gudger Nichols Mr. and Mrs. Charles R. Niewold Mr. and Mrs. Lee F. Noel Virginia O'Brien Mr. & Mrs.* Douglas Odom Jr. Mr. & Mrs. John Ohlinger ◊ Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Ossolinski David Oxley, MD FACS Mr. and Mrs. Murat Ozgener Catherine & John Perry Claude Petrie Jr. Cassie Petty ◊ Robert & Laura Pittman Carol Armes & Bob Pitz Mr. and Mrs. Mark C. Plato Mr. and Mrs. Mark Poe Mr. Charles H. Potter Jr.* Mr. & Mrs. Thomas F. Potter
ENCORE CIRCLE Anonymous (11) Jerry Adams Carol M. Allen Adrienne Ames Ms. Teresa Broyles-Aplin & Mr. Don Aplin Mr. and Mrs. Michael Apperson Candy Burger & Dan Ashmead Mr. & Mrs. John S. Atkins Richard & Ada Baker Mr. & Mrs. J. Oriol Barenys Mrs. Brenda Bass Dr. & Mrs. David M. Bayer Katrin T. Bean Mr. & Mrs. W. Todd Bender Annie Laurie & Irvin* Berry Dr. Diane Rae & Mr. Greg Berty Mr.* & Mrs. Robert Boyd Bogle III Mr. & Mrs. John R. Braden Robert & Barbara Braswell Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Braun Mr. James I. Brown & Ms. Lindella Johnson Mr. & Mrs. Eugene N. Bulso Jr. Gina & Sam Burnette Mr. & Mrs. William F. Carpenter III Mr. and Mrs. Mark Cate Dean & Sandy Chase Renée Chevalier Dr. Amy Chomsky
Mr. and Mrs. David Preston Brad S. Procter Nancy Ray Mr. and Mrs. Elwyn C. Raymer Mr. and Mrs. J. Robert Reynolds Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Richardson Delphine and Kenneth Roberts Ms. Courtney Robinson Mr. and Mrs. Frank M. Rogers V David & Karin Roland Mr. and Mrs. Robert O. Rolfe Barry & Melissa Rose Peoples Mr. and Mrs. Rod Roudi Robert Lawrence Sadler, Sr. Mr. Edward K. Sanford Mr. and Mrs. John J. Sangervasi Mr. L. Jonathan Savage Paul H. Scarbrough Mr. Michael L. Peacock and Ms. Tara Scarlett Mr. and Mrs. Fraser G. Schaufele III Judy & Hank Schomber Mr. Michael S. Dixon and Mr. Brian D. Setzer Mrs. Alexandrino Severino Dr. and Mrs. Ashish S. Shah Mr. Kenneth B. Lock and Dr. Susan Sharpe Anita & Mike Shea
Mr. and Mrs. Bill Sheriff Mr. and Mrs. Dean G. Short III Tom & Sylvia Singleton Mrs. Richard M. Small Drs. Walter E. Smalley Jr. & Louise Hanson Mrs. Ione Smith Mr. & Mrs. Kevin Scott Smith ◊ Nan E. Speller Mr. and Mrs. Maxwell T. Speyer Stuart & Shirley Speyer Mr. and Mrs. James W. Spradley Jr. Sid Stanley Mr. & Mrs. Thomas H. Stearns Dr. Catherine V. Stober and Mr. James McAteer Mr. and Mrs. Barry L. Stowe Mr. and Mrs. Samuel B. Strang IV Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Susano Pamela & Steven Taylor Mr. & Mrs. David B. Thomas Sr. Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Thorne Larry & Paula Throneberry Ms. Janice E. Ticich Mr. and Mrs. H. K. Tigrett Mr. and Mrs. Robert D. Todd Norman & Marilyn Tolk Mila & Bill Truan Mr. and Mrs. Jack Tyrrell Rodney Irvin Family
Ms. Christine Quinn Mr. & Mrs. Ernest Clevenger III Teri & Alan Cohen Esther & Roger Cohn Chase Cole Joe & Judy Cook Nancy Krider Corley Ms. R. Suzanne Cravens Dr. & Mrs. Glen W. Davidson Drs. Maria Gabriella Giro & Jeffrey M. Davidson Barbara* & Willie K. Davis Dr. & Mrs. Henry A. DePhillips Mr. & Mrs. Rodger Dinwiddie Dr. Tracey E. Doering Mr. & Mrs. Frank W. Drake Joe & Shirley Draper Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Driggins Laura L. Dunbar Mr & Mrs. Mike Dungan Melissa Eckert Mr. & Mrs. Thomas S. Edmondson Sr. Susan H. Edwards Dr. & Mrs. William H. Edwards Sr. Bill & Dian S. Ezell Dr. Kimberly D. Ferguson Mr. & Mrs. Keith D. Frazier Dr. John C. Frist, Jr. Chris & Mandy Genovese Gregory George & Mary E. Fortugno
Larry & Brenda Vickers Mr. and Mrs. Randy J. Wachtler Kris & G. G. Waggoner Mike & Elaine Walker Mr. Neil W. Kunkel Jr. and Ms. Paula D. Walker Dr. and Mrs. Ming X. Wang Kevin & Elizabeth Warren Mr. & Mrs. Derek West ◊ Mrs. John W. White Mr. & Mrs. Herbert Wiesmeyer Mr. and Mrs. Jim Williams Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey T. Williams Mr. and Mrs. David G. Williamson III Mr. & Mrs. Ridley Wills II Mr. and Mrs. Paul A. Wilson Mr. Lance W. Gruner and Mr. Shawn Wilson Marilyn Shields-Wiltsie & Dr. Theodore E. Wiltsie Mr. and Mrs. Mark Wright Berje Yacoubian & Kathy Wade-Yacoubian Mr. and Mrs. Darryl Yochem Mr. Jeffery A. Zeitlin Glenn & Heather Zigli Mr. Christopher B. Zimmer and Mr. Joshua T. Bulla Mr. and Mrs. Jeffrey A. Zonarich
Gifts of $1,000 - $1,499
Mr. and Mrs. Scott F. Ghertner Dr. Fred & Martha Goldner James C. Gooch & Jennie P. Smith Elinor Hall Pam Hamrick Mr. and Mrs. Michael J. Havens Michael & Catherine Hayes Lisa & Bill Headley Dr. & Mrs. Douglas C. Heimburger Ms. Doris Ann Hendrix Mr. Bradley Hickman Mr. & Mrs. Winston C. Hickman Sonny Gichner Mr. & Mrs. Mark Hommrich Drs. Richard T. & Paula C.* Hoos Ken & Beverly Horner Mr. David Huckabee Donna & Ronn* Huff Mr. & Mrs. Robert J. Huljak Mr. & Mrs. Thomas W. Hulme Mr. & Mrs. David Huseman Mr. & Mrs. Steven L. Jackson Margaret & Richard Bruce Jennings Susan & Evan Johnston Mr. & Mrs. Tarpley Jones Mr. and Mrs. Martin S. Brown Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Michael Kane George C. King William & Bethany Kroemer
Dr. Karen Duffy & Mr. Henry E. Kromer Tim Kyne Joyce K. Laben* Mr. Jerry Lackey Rob & Julia Ledyard John & Mary Leinard Mr.* & Mrs. Irving Levy Ms. Jana J. Lisle Parham Andrea & Helga Maneschi Mr. & Mrs. Ben T. Martin Dr. & Mrs.* Raymond S. Martin James & Patricia Martineau Mr. & Mrs. Jonathan Marx Mr. Leon May Bob Maynard Dr. Wendell McAbee Dr. Hassane Mchaourab Mr. and Mrs. Martin F. McNamara III Ron & Karen Meers Eric & Denise Mericle Bruce & Bonnie Meriwether F. Max & Mary A. Merrell Mr. & Mrs. Anthony Meyers Mr. Michael Mishu Rev. Dr. & Mrs.* Charles L. Moffatt Mr. & Mrs. Steven Moll Ms. Gay Moon James & April Moore Mr. & Mrs.Timothy L. Morris
I N D I V I D UA L PAT R O N S Lynn Morrow Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Motley Mr. & Mrs. Gregory J. Mueller Mr. Rick Murphy Mr. Robert O'Quin Judy Oxford & Grant Benedict Ms. Susan Palmer Mr. & Mrs. Tim & Sue Palmer James & Jeanne Pankow Janie E. Parmley Clint Parrish Mr. & Mrs. James D. Peyton Mr. & Mrs. Jimmy Powell Jr. Ms. Julia W. Powell Ms. Deborah Putnam Tom & Chris Rashford Mr. and Mrs. Frederic W. Reisner Paul & Gerda Resch
Candace Mason Revelette Mr. Allen Reynolds Don* & Connie Richardson Mr. and Mrs. Dudley C. Richter Dr. & Mrs. Jorge Rojas Richard Rosenthal & Audrey Anderson Ms. Caroline Rudy G. Kyle Rybczyk David Sampsell Mr. Paul Sanderson Mrs. Cooper Schley Dr. & Mrs. Stephen J. Schultenover Mrs. John L. Seigenthaler Dr. & Mrs. John S. Sergent Mrs. Lillian C. Sharp Hon. Wayne C. Shelton Mr. and Mrs.
CONCERTMASTER SOCIETY Anonymous (18) Henry J. Abbott Ben & Nancy* Adams Jeffrey H. Adams Ms. Arnelle S. Adcock Dr. James and Dr. Rachel Ailor Newton & Burkley Allen Mr. Geoff Amateau Betty Anderson Newell Anderson & Lynne McFarland Judith Andrews Mr. & Mrs. Carlyle D. Apple Geralda M. Aubry Mr. & Mrs. James E. Auer Philip E. Autry, DMA Dr. Joseph Awad & Jane Gilliam Lawrence E. Baggett Mr. Omar S. Bakeer Ms. Emiko S. Baldwin Mr. and Mrs. James B. Banker Dr. & Mrs. Jere Bass Mr. & Mrs. David L. Bata Mr. & Mrs. Thomas E. Bateman Mr. & Mrs. Royce A. Belcher Rick & Stephanie Belcher Carl W. Berg Rick & Abby Blahauvietz Jerry & Donna Boswell Mr. Kevin L. Bowden & Candice Ethridge Don & Deborah Boyd Dr. Scott B. Boyd Mr.* & Mrs. William E. Boyte Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Bracken Ms. Linda W. Bramblett Beverly J. Brandenburg-Scott Dr. Joe P. Brasher Bob & Linda Brewer Mr. and Mrs. James P. Brooks Pamela Brown & Lynn McCraney Bob & Leslie Brown Steven & Jill Brown
David Bruce Richard Bruehl & Nancy Stott Martha S. Bryant Dr. & Mrs. Glenn Buckspan Mr. & Mrs. G. Rhea Bucy Mr. Gary W. Bullard Howard & Karen Burris Mr. & Mrs. Carl Bush Ms. Constance L. Caldwell Ms. Marguerite E. Callahan Mrs. Julia C. Callaway Dr. & Mrs. W. Barton Campbell Mr. & Mrs. Luther Cantrell Jr. Sophie Cape Mrs. Lucie M. Carroll Dr. & Mrs. Michael A. Carter Mr. & Mrs. Christopher John Casa Santa Mrs. Gay Chamberlain Mrs. Sharon Charney Dr. & Mrs. Robert H. Christenberry Dr. & Mrs. André L. Churchwell Donna P. Clark Mr. & Mrs. John W. Clay Jr. Marion Pickering Couch Mr. & Mrs. Donald L. Counts, III Mr. & Mrs. Richard Courtney Chuck & Jackie Cowden Mr. & Mrs. Brennis Craddock Mr. & Mrs. George Crawford Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Buddy R. Curnutt Mr. Timothy D. Curtis & Adam N. Castellarin Mr. & Mrs. Robert Y. Dale Dr. & Mrs. Brett W. Darwin Andrew Daughety & Jennifer Reinganum Thomas G. Davidson Janet Keese Davies Steve & Julie Davis William Davis & Catherine Colbert
William Lucas Simons Jim & Melody Sipes Ms. Diane M. Skelton Ashley N. Skinner George & Mary Sloan Susan Diane Sloan Dr. & Mrs. Norman Spencer E.B.S. Foundation Dr. & Mrs. Robert E. Stein Dr. Martha Walker-Stratton Hope & Howard* Stringer Bruce & Elaine Sullivan Craig & Dianne Sussman Dr. Paul E. Teschan Clay & Kimberly Teter Torrence Family Fund Mr. Michael P. Tortora Thomas L. & Judith A.* Turk Dr. & Mrs. Michael Tyler
Dr. & Mrs. Robert W. Wahl Mr. and Mrs. John M. Wallick Dr. & Mrs. John J. Warner Dr. & Mrs. J. J. Wendel Ms. Libby R. Werthan Dr. & Mrs. Joseph A. Wieck Marie Holman Wiggins Diana T. Wilker Craig P. Williams & Kimberly Schenk Mr. & Mrs. Rick Wilson Mr. & Mrs. William (Dan) F. Wolf Brian & Mary Jessica Woodrum Mary Yarbrough & Terry Wharton Dr. & Mrs. Donald Yurdin Ms. Jane Zeigler
Gifts of $500 - $999
Mr. and Mrs. W. Kirby Davis Jr. Dr. and Mr. John A. Deane Dr. & Mrs. Ben Dehner Mr. & Mrs. Joe H. Delk Mr. & Mrs. Daryl Demonbreun Mrs. Keith C. DeMoss Ms. Laura Denison Anne R. Dennison Mr. & Mrs.* J. William Denny Mr. and Mrs. Walton Denton Tom & Leslie DiNella Bob Dozier Mr. Carl Dreifuss & Mrs. Elizabeth G. Tannenbaum Dr. Robert E. Dudley Mr. Michael L. Duffer Mr. & Mrs. John C. Egyed Mrs. Clara Elam The S. Brent Elliott Family Mr. and Mrs. David R. Emery Dr. William E. Engel Dr. & Mrs. James Ettien David & René Evans Dr. John & Janet Exton Frank & Shirley Fachilla Alex & Terry Fardon Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Fell Anita Schmid & Tyree Finch Béla Fleck Mr. and Mrs. Eugene C. Fleming Dr. Evon Flesberg & Mr. Norm Nelson Andrew & Mary Foxworth Sr. Judson & Leah Fredrickson Mr. & Mrs. Robert & Debra Frey Dr. Alex B. Fruin Dr. Paul O. Gaddis Ms. Anne W. Gaither Kathy & Marbut Gaston Gatewood Consulting Services Dr. & Mrs. Harold L. Gentry Rick & Sara Getsay Erin Gillaspie
* denotes donors who are deceased
Dr. Mark Glazer & Cindy Stone Ms. Jennifer Goetz Dr. and Mrs. Michael H. Gold Dr. James R. Goldenring & Ms. Barbara M. Fingleton Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. Gordon Wes Gordon Kathleen Gould Brent & Pat Graves Dr. Cornelia R. Graves Mr. Michael P. Griffin Judith & Peter Griffin Mr. Willard W. Griffin Jr. Richard & Carol Ann Haglund Dr. & Mrs. John D. Hainsworth Mr. Christopher Hamby Walter H. White III & Dr. Susan Hammonds-White Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Hardy H. Clay & Mary Harkleroad Cindy Harper Drs. Liana and Frank Harrell Mr. & Mrs. J. George Harris Ms. Jane Harris Robert & Nora Harvey Jason & Carrie Haslam Janet & Jim Hasson Mr. and Mrs. William W. Hastings Mr. Donald B. Hastings Dr. Christopher H. Hawkins Veronica Hawkins H. Carl Haywood Dr. James L. Head & Dr. Anita R. Head Doug & Becky Hellerson Dennis & Leslie Henson Mr. Cameron R. Hicks Gerald Hill Robert C. & Shirley M. Hilmer Dr. Elena M. Hines Mr. & Mrs. Jim Hitt Mr. & Mrs. Donald Hofe
◊ denotes donors who are Governing Members INCONCERT
I N D I V I D U A L PAT R O N S
Alison Hoffman & Jessica Blackwell, Nashville Symphony violinists Robert Hoffman Frances Holt Mr. Richard D. Holtz Mrs. Teressa A. Honnoll Allen, Lucy & Paul Hovious Mrs. Charlotte E. Hughes Mr. & Mrs. David Hunt Margie Hunter Dr. & Mrs. Timothy Hutchison Roger T. Jenkins & Gayle Jenkins Ms. Janice A. Jennings Richard W. Jett Hal & Dona Johnson Bob & Virginia Johnson Stephen Johnson Mr. & Mrs. Timothy K. Johnson Mary & Doug Johnston Dr.* & Mrs. Sam Jones Mr. and Mrs. Aubrey B. Harwell Jr. Byron and Carolyn Kamp Duane Andrew & Kathleen Hill Kavka Mr. and Mrs. Alan Scott Kendrick John & Eleanor Kennedy Patrick B. Kennedy & Jamie S. Amos Jane S. Kersten Mr. & Mrs. Brock Kidd The Kimball Family Mr. & Mrs. Kurt W. Koehn Dr. Valentina Kon & Dr. Jeffrey L. Hymes Mr. Daniel Kula Mr. Daniel L. LaFevor Drs. Cheryl Laffer & Fernando Elijovich Mr. & Mrs. Joseph A. Lawrence Mr. Joseph Y. Lee & Ms. Erica Fetterman Mr. Talmage Lefler Mr. & Mrs. Jeremy R. Lemmon Ted & Anne Lenz Dorothy & Jim Lesch Michael & Ellen Levitt Ms. Delorse A. Lewis Dr. Christopher & Melissa Lind Burk & Caroline Lindsey Richard & Tad Lisella Keltner W. & Debra S. Locke Chris & Elizabeth Long Kim & Bob Looney Mr. Enrico Lopez-Yanez Mr. and Mrs. P. Jeffery Loring Mr. & Mrs. Denis Lovell Kenyatta & Tracey Lovett
Members of Crescendo Club
Mr. & Mrs. Jay Lowenthal Jim & Debbie Lundy Drs. Amy & George Lynch Michael & State Representative Susan Lynn Herman & Dee Maass William R. & Maria T. MacKay Dr. & Mrs. Mark A. Magnuson Mr. & Mrs. John F. Manning Jr. Mr. Troy B. Marden & Jerome Farris Dr. Dana R. Marshall Mr. & Mrs. Ronald C. Marston Henry & Melodeene Martin Curt & Cynthia Masters John H. Mather M.D. Dr. Nancy Brown & Mr. Andrew May Drs. Ricardo Fonseca & Ingrid Mayer Alan & Deborah Mayes Dr. James S. McBride Mr. and Mrs. Dewitt K. McCluggage Dr. & Mrs. Alexander C. McLeod Linda & Ray Meneely Peter & Mecky Meschter David & Lisa Minnigan Dr. & Mrs. Guy B. Mioton Dr. & Mrs. William M. Mitchell Diana & Jeff Mobley Mr. and Mrs. Charles F. Monk Mr. and Mrs. Paul G. Moore Marian R. Moore Mr. and Mrs. Will Morrow Andrew Moyer Mr. & Mrs. B. Dwayne Murray Jr. Ms. Sheryl A. Mustain Mr. & Mrs. J. William Myers Teresa & Mike Nacarato Dr. & Mrs. Harold Nevels Mrs. Beth Newell Drs. John* & Margaret Norris Mr. David W. Oglesby Hunt* & Debbye Oliver Karl M. Olsen Mrs. Argie C. Oman Frank & Betty Orr Drs. Lucius & Freida Outlaw Dr. & Mrs. Aydin Ozan Dr. & Mrs. Harry L. Page Mrs. Douglas J. Parsons Mr. & Mrs. James Patricelli Diane Duley Payne Ms. Jennifer C. Peters
Patricia & Stephen Seale
Faris & Bob Phillips Charles & Mary Phy Craig & Raelynn Plattner Roy & Stephanie Plummer Mr. and Mrs. Dale W. Polley Mr. & Mrs. Charles Poole Ms. Elizabeth M. Potocsnak Dr. & Mrs. Tim Powers George & Joyce Pust Ross & Suzanne Rainwater Charles H. & Eleanor L. Raths Mr. & Mrs. J. David Rawle Drs. Wesley & Kecia Ray Jack & Susan Reagan David Reynolds & Shei Dewald Drs. Jeff & Kellye Rice Barbara Richards Mrs. Jane H. Richmond Ms. Linda N. Rittenhouse Dr. & Mrs. Ivan Robbins Mr. & Mrs. John A. Roberts Mr. & Mrs. Paul Robertson Julie Roe, PhD Marc R. Rogers Rodney & Lynne Rosenblum Ed & Jan Routon Lauren & Christopher Rowe Mr. Stephen Sachs Ron & Lynn Samuels Mr. Bradley T. Sanderson Mr. & Mrs. William B. Saunders & Family Max & Michelle Schaff Robert Schlafly & Teri Arney Pam & Roland Schneller Jack Schuett Mr. & Mrs. Robert Scott Mr. Michael A. Seiler Odessa L. Settles Faye Silva Ms. Stephanie J. Silva Mr. Heber Simmons III Mr. & Mrs. John C. Slater Mr. and Mrs. Daniel S. Slipkovich Dr. Bret C. Mobley and Dr. Allison J. Smith Mr. Charles Smith Dr. Robert Smith & Barbara Ramsey Mr. & Mrs. S. Douglas Smith Mr. and Mrs. Grant T. Smothers Mr. Robert Sneed Mr. James H. Spalding Dr. & Mrs. Anderson Spickard Jr. Mr. & Mrs. William T. Spitz
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen F. Wood Sr. Ms. Karen G. Sroufe Dr. Ernest D. Standerfer Ward Stein Mr. & Mrs. Lem Stevens Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Glenn C. Stophel Gayle Sullivan Frank Sutherland & Natilee Duning Dr. Becky E. Swanson Eric & June Swartz Mark S. Tallent Mr. Philip S. Tatum The Children Freedom Choir Mr. & Mrs. Daryle Teague James Temple Jeanne & Steve Thomas Mr. & Mrs. Wendol R. Thorpe Walter & Cindy Tieck Mrs. Stephen C. Tippens Dr. & Mrs. Todd Tolbert Mr. Lloyd Townsend Jr. Mr. & Mrs. John A. Turnbull Candace & William Wade Mr. and Mrs. Philip L. Walker Mr. & Mrs. Jack Wallace Kay & Larry Wallace Mr. Kenneth F. Walters Major & Yong Wang Ms. Karen M. Warren Gayle & David Watson Ms. Joni P. Werthan Franklin & Helen Westbrook Linda & Raymond White Jonna & Doug Whitman Ms. Eleanor D. Whitworth James L. Wilbanks III Mr. & Mrs. David M. Wilds Mr. & Mrs. Wayne P. Wilkinson Judy S. Williams Ben Williamson Mr. & Mrs. John W. Williamson Amos & Etta Wilson Mary E. Womack Mr. & Mrs. H. Lee Woosley III Pam & Tom Wylly Vivian R. & Richard A. Wynn Mr. Richard S. Yadach Mr. Mark A. Young Dr. Michael Zanolli & Julie K. Sandine Roy & Ambra Zent Mrs. Nancy O. Zoretic
* denotes donors who are deceased
Individual Patrons continue on page 57
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2018-19 Production of Singing in the Rain
ENGAGING ARTISTIC WORK TO EQUIP A CREATIVE LIFE
CHOOSE FROM THREE DATE NIGHT PACKAGES & MANY CONCERT OPTIONS
TM © 1981 RUG LTD
Date Night • 2 CONCERT TICKETS • 2 GLASSE S OF WINE
THE LINCOLN CENTER THEATER PRODUCTION
• GOO GOO CHOCOLATE S
Supper Date Night • 2 CONCERT TICKETS • VALET PARKING AT OMNI • 3 COURSE SUPPER AT OMNI’S KITCHEN NOTE S
JIMMY BUFFET T’S
Drinks & Dessert Date Night • 2 CONCERT TICKETS • VALET PARKING AT OMNI • DRINKS & DE SSERT AT OMNI’S KITCHEN NOTE S Photo by Francesco Scavullo
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I N D I V I D UA L PAT R O N S
H O N O RA RY In honor of Newman and Johnathon Arndt
In honor of Eric Gratton
In honor of Cynthia Arnholt
In honor of Brenda & David Griffin
In honor of Jane Asperelli
In honor of Erin Hall
In honor of Ms. Bettie Berry on her 91st Birthday
In honor of Steven M. Hoffman
In honor of Tom Patterson & Mike Eldred's wedding In honor of Mark Peacock In honor of Maya Stone In honor of Anna Szczuka
In honor of Henry Byington
In honor of Martha Rivers Ingram
In honor of Gayley and Bob Patterson
In honor of Katie Crumbo
In honor of Jay Jones' Birthday
In honor of Brian Uhl
In honor of the awesome Nashville Symphony Chorus
In honor of Elizabeth Nickerson "Tutter" McCabe
In honor of Meghan Vosberg
M EM O R IA L In memory of Linda G. Allison, MD, MPH In memory of James R. (Pete) Austin In memory of Benjamin Patrick Belden In memory of Jessica Bloom In memory of Frederic Blumberg In memory of James F. Brandenburg In memory of Harold Cruthirds In memory of Gene Dietz In memory of Philip Dikeman In memory of Glenn Eaden In memory of Linda Kay Edington In memory of Charles Potter, Jr.
In memory of Antoinette "Toni" Arnold Foglesong
In memory of Lt Cmdr Alan A. Patterson, USN
In memory of Al Hacker
In memory of Charles Howell Potter, Jr.
In memory of Harold & Rita Dee Hassenfeld
In memory of Edgar Arthur Reed
In memory of Roger D. Hayes
In memory of Robert Polk Thomson
In memory of Gary Kenneth Hughes In memory of Dr. Martin Katahn In memory of Gary Kelly In memory of Martha Lamprecht
In memory of Fred Simon In memory of H. Martin Weingartner In memory of Colleen Welch In memory of David Williams
In memory of Dr. Phil Levitan
In memory of Professor Vicki Gardine Williams
In memory of Thelma L. Moffatt
In memory of James Kenneth Williamson
In memory of Sara Harris Moffatt
LAW R EN C E S. LEVINE MEMO RIAL FUND George E. Barrett* John Auston Bridges Mr.* & Mrs. Arthur H. Buhl III Barbara & Eric Chazen Donna R. Cheek* Dr. & Mrs. Alan G. Cohen Esther & Roger Cohn Wally & Lee Lee Dietz Dee & Jerald* Doochin Robert D. Eisenstein* Mrs. Annette S. Eskind Laurie & Steven Eskind
Harris A. Gilbert Allis Dale & John Gillmor Dr. Fred & Martha Goldner Mr.* & Mrs. Billy Ray Hearn Judith Hodges Judith S.* & James R. Humphreys Walter & Sarah Knestrick Sheldon Kurland Ellen C. Lawson Sally M. Levine Frances & Eugene Lotochinski
Ellen Harrison Martin Mr. & Mrs. Martin F. McNamara III
Dr. & Mrs. Anderson Spickard, Jr.
Cynthia* & Richard* Morin
Vicky & Bennett Tarleton
Dr. Harrell Odom II & Mr. Barry W. Cook
Mr.* & Mrs.* Louis B. Todd, Jr.
Mr. and Mrs. Craig E. Philip
Betty & Bernard* Werthan
Anne & Charles Roos
Mr. Mark Zimbicki and Ms. Wendy Kurland
Mr.* & Mrs. John L. Seigenthaler
Dr. & Mrs. Robert Stein
Mr. & Mrs. Byron Trauger
Alice A. Zimmerman
Joan B. Shayne
CO R P O RATE MATCHING CO MPANIES Arcadia Healthcare American General Life & Accident American International Group, Inc. Atmos Energy AT&T Higher Education /Cultural Matching Gift Program Bank of America BCD Travel Becton Dickinson & Co. BLR CA Matching Gifts Program Caterpillar Foundation
Cigna Foundation Community Health Systems Foundation Eaton Corporation ExxonMobil Foundation First Data Foundation GE Foundation General Mills Foundation Hachette Book Group IBM Corporation Illinois Tool Work Foundation McKesson Foundation Merrill Lynch & Co Foundation, Inc.
Microsoft Matching Gifts Program Nissan Gift Matching Program P&G Fund Matching Gifts Program PulteGroup Regions Scottrade Square D Foundation Matching Gifts Program Shell Oil Company Foundation Starbucks Matching Gifts Program The Aspect Matching Gifts Program
The HCA Foundation The Meredith Corporation Foundation The Prudential Foundation The Stanley Works UBS United Health Group U.S. Bancorp Foundation Williams Community Relations
CO R P O R AT E , F O U N DAT I O N & G OV E R N M E N T PA RT N E R S
The Nashville Symphony is deeply grateful to the following corporations, foundations and government agencies that support its concert season and its services to the community through their contributions. Donors as of October 4, 2019.
SEASON PRESENTERS & OFFICIAL PARTNERS THE ANDREW W.
DIRECTORSâ€™ ASSOCIATES Ann and Gordon Getty Foundation
MIKE CURB FAMILY FOUNDATION
MARY C. RAGLAND FOUNDATION
A N N UA L F U N D
GOVERNMENT METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT
OF NASHVILLE AND DAVIDSON COUNTY
MAYOR DAVID BRILEY
THE ESTATE AT CHEROKEE DOCK
ROBERT K. ZELLE FUND OF THE COMMUNITY FOUNDATION
SAMUEL M. FLEMING FOUNDATION
ANN HARDEMAN AND COMBS L. FORT FOUNDATION
CORPORATE AND FOUNDATION PARTNERS ASCAP BDO USA, LLP BMI Carter Haston Real Estate Services Castle Homes Caterpillar Financial Services Chef’s Market The Cockayne Fund Inc. Craft Brewed Cumberland Trust
The Cupcake Collection Dex Imaging and Mailing Dollar General Stores Ensworth School Flavor Catering Nashville First Baptist Gus Mayer The Houghland Foundation Infiniti Of Cool Springs Jack C. Massey Foundation Jimmy Choo USA
M. Stratton Foster Charitable Foundation
Sony/ATV Tree Music Publishing LLC
Nashville Convention & Visitors Corporation
New Music USA
The Kurt Weill Foundation For Music
Parking Management Company
I.C. Thomasson Associates Inc.
Rebel Hill Florist
Women's Philharmonic Advocacy
Ryman Hospitality Properties Foundation Slice Wireless Solutions
CAPITAL FUNDS The Nashville Symphony wishes to acknowledge and thank the following individuals, foundations and corporations for their commitment to the Symphony. This list recognizes donors who contributed $15,000 or more to one of the Symphony’s endowment or capital campaigns. These capital campaigns make it possible to ensure a sustainable future for a nationally recognized orchestra worthy of Music City. AmSouth Foundation Andrea Waitt Carlton Family Foundation The Ayers Foundation Bank of America Alvin & Sally Beaman Foundation Lee A. Beaman, Trustee Mr. & Mrs. Dennis C. Bottorff Ann* & Monroe* Carell Caterpillar Inc. & Its Employees The Community Foundation of Middle Tennessee Mike Curb Family Foundation CaremarkRx Greg & Collie Daily
Dollar General Corporation Laura Turner Dugas The Frist Foundation Amy Grant & Vince Gill Patricia & H. Rodes Hart Mr.* & Mrs. Spencer Hays HCA Ingram Charitable Fund Lee Ann & Orrin Ingram The Martin Foundation Ellen Harrison Martin Mr.* & Mrs. R. Clayton McWhorter The Memorial Foundation Metropolitan Government of Nashville & Davidson County
Anne* & Dick Ragsdale Mr. & Mrs. Ben R. Rechter Estate of Walter B & Huldah Cheek Sharp State of Tennessee Margaret & Cal Turner Jr. James Stephen Turner Charitable Foundation Vanderbilt University The Vandewater Family Foundation Ms. Johnna Benedict Watson Colleen* & Ted* Welch The Anne Potter Wilson Foundation
Mr. Tom Black Dr. & Mrs. Thomas F. Frist, Jr. Giarratana Development, LLC Carl & Connie Haley Mr. & Mrs. J. Michael Hayes
HCA Foundation, in honor of Dr. & Mrs. Thomas F. Frist Mr. & Mrs. Robert A. McCabe Jr. Regions Bank Mr. & Mrs. James C. Seabury III
Estate of Anita Stallworth SunTrust Bank Tennessee Arts Commission Laura Anne Turner
American Constructors, Inc. Barbara & Jack Bovender American Retirement Corp. Connie & Tom Cigarran E.B.S. Foundation Gordon & Shaun Inman
Harry & Jan Jacobson The Judy & Noah Liff Foundation Robert Straus Lipman Mrs. Jack C. Massey* Mr. & Mrs. Henry McCall Lynn & Ken Melkus
Richard L. & Sharalena Miller National Endowment for the Arts Mr. & Mrs. Philip Maurice Pfeffer Justin & Valere Potter Foundation Irvin & Beverly Small Anne H. & Robert K.* Zelle
Mr. & Mrs. Dale Allen Phyllis & Ben* Alper Andrews Cadillac/ Land Rover Nashville Averitt Express Barbara B. & Michael W. Barton BellSouth Julie & Frank Boehm Richard & Judith Bracken Mr.* & Mrs. James C. Bradford Jr. Boult, Cummings, Conners & Berry, PLC The Charles R. Carroll Family Fred J. Cassetty Mr.* & Mrs. Michael J. Chasanoff Leslie Sharp Christodoulopoulos Charitable Trust CLARCOR Mr.* & Mrs. William S. Cochran Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Fite Cone Corrections Corporation of America Estate of Dorothy Parkes Cox Janine, Ben, John & Jenny Cundiff Deloitte & Touche LLP The Rev. Canon & Mrs. Fred Dettwiller Marty & Betty Dickens Michael D. & Carol E. Ennis Family Annette & Irwin* Eskind
The Jane & Richard Eskind & Family Foundation The M. Stratton Foster Charitable Foundation Mr. & Mrs. Steven B. Franklin Frost Brown Todd LLC Gannett Foundation / The Tennessean Dr. Priscilla Partridge de Garcia & Dr. Pedro E. Garcia Gordon & Constance Gee Genesco Inc. Mr. & Mrs. Joel C. Gordon Guardsmark, LLC Billy Ray* & Joan* Hearn The Hendrix Foundation Mr.* & Mrs. Henry W. Hooker & Family Mr. & Mrs. Elliott Warner Jones Walter & Sarah Knestrick ESaDesign Team Earl Swensson Associates Inc. I.C. Thomasson Associates Inc. KSi/Structural Engineers Lattimore, Black, Morgan & Cain PC Mr. & Mrs. Fred Wiehl Lazenby Sally M. Levine Andrew Woodfin Miller Foundation Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Co. Nashville Symphony Chorus
Nashville Symphony Orchestra League Pat & John W. Nelley Jr. O’Charley’s Partnership 2000 Bonnie & David Perdue Mr. & Mrs. Dale W. Polley Mary C. Ragland Foundation The John M. Rivers Jr. Foundation Inc. Carol & John Rochford Mr. & Mrs. Alex A. Rogers Anne & Joseph Russell & Family Daniel & Monica Scokin Bill & Sharon Sheriff Mr.* & Mrs. Martin E. Simmons Luke & Susan Simons Mr. & Mrs. Michael W. Smith Barbara & Lester* Speyer The Starr Foundation Hope & Howard* Stringer Louis B.* & Patricia C.* Todd Jr. Lillias & Fred* Viehmann The Henry Laird Smith Foundation Mr. & Mrs. E.W. Wendell Mr. David M. Wilds Mr. & Mrs. W. Ridley Wills III Mr.* & Mrs. David K. Wilson
Adams and Reese / Stokes Bartholomew LLP American Airlines American General Life & Accident Insurance Company Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz
J B & Carylon Baker Dr. & Mrs. T.B. Boyd III William H. Braddy III Dr. Ian* & Katherine* Brick Mr. & Mrs.* Martin S. Brown Sr. Michael & Jane Ann Cain Mike Curb/Curb Records Inc.
The Danner Foundation Dee & Jerald* Doochin Ernst & Young Mr. & Mrs. David S. Ewing Ezell Foundation / Purity Foundation Mr.* & Mrs.* Sam M. Fleming In Memory of Kenneth Schermerhorn
Letty-Lou Gilbert*, Joe Gilbert & Family James C. Gooch & Jennie P. Smith Edward A. & Nancy Goodrich Bill & Ruth Ann Leach Harnisch Hastings Architecture Associates, LLC Dr. & Mrs.* George W. Holcomb Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Clay T. Jackson KPMG LLP Mrs. Heloise Werthan Kuhn John T. Lewis
Gilbert Stroud Merritt Mr. & Mrs. David K. Morgan Musicians of the Nashville Symphony Anne & Peter Neff Cano & Esen Ozgener Ponder & Co. Eric Raefsky, M.D.* & Ms. Victoria Heil Delphine & Ken Roberts Ro’s Oriental Rugs, Inc. Mrs. Dan C. Rudy*
Mary Ruth* & Bob Shell Mr. & Mrs. Richard Speer Stites & Harbison, PLLC Mr. & Mrs. Bruce D. Sullivan Alan D. Valentine Waller Lansden Dortch & Davis, LLP Estate of Christine Glenn Webb David* & Gail Williams Nicholas S. Zeppos & Lydia A. Howarth
AMSURG Family of Kenneth Schermerhorn The Bank of Nashville Bass, Berry & Sims PLC Tom & Wendy Beasley The Bernard Family Foundation The Honorable Philip Bredesen & Ms. Andrea Conte The Very Rev. Robert E. & Linda M. Brodie Mr.* & Mrs. Arthur H. Buhl III Mr. & Mrs. Frank M. Bumstead Community Counselling Service Co., Inc. Mr. & Mrs. Charles W. Cook Jr. Doug & Sondra Cruickshanks Mr. & Mrs. Robert V. Dale Gail & Ted DeDee In Memory of Ann F. Eisenstein Enco Materials, Inc./ Wilber Sensing Jr., Chair Emeritus Nancy Leach & Bill Hoskins John & Carole Ferguson Estate of Dudley C. Fort
Mr. & Mrs. F. Tom Foster Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Keith D. Frazier John & Lorelee Gawaluck Giancarlo & Shirley Guerrero Mr. & Mrs. James Earl Hastings Hawkins Partners, Inc. Landscape Architects Neil & Helen Hemphill Hilton Nashville Downtown In Memory of Ellen Bowers Hofstead Hudson Family Foundation Iroquois Capital Group, LLC John F. & Jane Berry Jacques Mercedes E. Jones Mr. & Mrs. Randall L. Kinnard KraftCPAs PLLC Estate of Barbara J. Kuhn Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence M. Lipman The Howard Littlejohn Family The Loventhal and Jones Families Mimsye* & Leon May Kevin P. & Deborah A. McDermott Rock & Linda Morphis Carole & Ed* Nelson
Nissan North America, Inc. Odom’s Tennessee Pride Sausage, Inc. Larry D. Odom, Chairman/CEO Hal N. & Peggy S. Pennington Celeste Casey* & James Hugh Reed III* Renasant Bank Jan & Stephen S. Riven Lavona & Clyde Russell Dr. & Mrs. Michael H. Schatzlein Kenneth D. Schermerhorn* Lucy & Wilbur Sensing Nelson & Sheila Shields Michael & Lisa Shmerling Joanne & Gary Slaughter Doug & Nan Smith Hans & Nancy Stabell Ann & Robert H. Street Mr. & Mrs. William J. Tyne Washington Foundation, Inc. Mr. & Mrs. W. Ridley Wills II Mr. & Mrs. Joseph J. Wimberly Janet & Alan Yuspeh Shirley Zeitlin
Kent & Donna Adams Ruth Crockarell Adkins Aladdin Industries, LLC American Brokerage Company, Inc. American Paper & Twine Co. Mr. & Mrs. William F. Andrews Dr. Alice A. & Mr. Richard Arnemann Mr. & Mrs. J. Hunter Atkins Sue G. Atkinson Mr. & Mrs. Albert Balestiere Baring Industries Brenda C. Bass Russell W. Bates James S. & Jane C. Beard Allison & John Beasley Ruth Bennett & Steve Croxall Frank* & Elizabeth Berklacich Ann & Jobe* Bernard Mr.* & Mrs. Boyd Bogle III John Auston Bridges Mr. & Mrs. Roger T. Briggs Jr. Cathy & Martin Brown Jr. Grennebaum Doll & McDonald PLLC Patricia & Manny* Buzzell Mr.* & Mrs.* Gerald G. Calhoun Mr. & Mrs. William H. Cammack Terry W. Chandler Neil & Emily Christy Chase Cole Dr. & Mrs. Lindsey W. Cooper Sr. Mr. & Mrs. Andrew D. Crawford Barbara & Willie K. Davis Mr. & Mrs. Arthur C. DeVooght Mr. & Mrs. Matthew H. Dobson V Mike & Carolyn Edwards Mr. John W. Eley & Ms. Donna J. Scott
Sylvia & Robert H. Elman Martin & Alice Emmett Larry P. & Diane M. English Dr. & Mrs. Jeffrey B. Eskind Bob & Judy Fisher Karen & Eugene C. Fleming Mr. & Mrs. H. Lee Barfield II Cathey & Wilford Fuqua Mr. & Mrs. Paul J. Gaeto The Grimstad & Stream Families Heidtke & Company, Inc. Robert C. Hilton Dr. & Mrs. Stephen P. Humphrey Franklin Y. Hundley Jr. Margie & Nick* Hunter Joseph Hutts Mr. & Mrs. T.J. Jackson Mr. & Mrs. David B. Johnson Mr. & Mrs. Russell A. Jones Jr. John Kelingos Education Fund Beatriz Perez & Paul Knollmaier Pamela & Michael Koban Jr. Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth G. Langone Richard & Delorse Lewis Robert A. Livingston Frances & Eugene Lotochinski Mr.* & Mrs. Robert C.H. Mathews, Jr. Betsy Vinson McInnes Jack & Lynn May Mr. & Mrs. James Lee McGregor Dr. & Mrs. Alexander C. McLeod Mr. & Mrs. Robert E. McNeilly III Dr. Arthur McLeod Mellor Mary & Max Merrell Donald J. & Hillary L. Meyers Christopher & Patricia Mixon
NewsChannel 5 Network Susan & Rick Oliver Piedmont Natural Gas David & Adrienne Piston Charles H. Potter Jr. Joseph & Edna Presley Nancy M. Falls & Neil M. Price Mr. & Mrs. Charles R. Pruett Linda & Art Rebrovick Mr. & Mrs. Doyle R. Rippee Dr. & Mrs. Clifford Roberson Mr.* & Mrs.* Walter M. Robinson Jr. Anne & Charles Roos Ron Rossmann Joan Blum Shayne Mr. & Mrs. Irby C. Simpkins, Jr. Patti & Brian Smallwood Murray & Hazel Somerville Southwind Health Partners® The Grimstad & Stream Families Dr. Steve A. Hyman & Mark Lee Taylor John B. & Elva Thomison Mr. & Mrs. Marshall Trammell Jr. Eli & Deborah Tullis Mr. & Mrs. James M. Usdan Louise B. Wallace Foundation Mr.* & Mrs. George W. Weesner Ann & Charles* Wells In Memory of Leah Rose B. Werthan Mr.* & Mrs.* Albert Werthan Betty & Bernard* Werthan Foundation Olin West, Jr. Charitable Lead Trust Mr. & Mrs. Toby S. Wilt Dr. & Mrs. Lawrence K. Wolfe Dr. Artmas L. Worthy Mr. & Mrs. Julian Zander Jr.
* denotes donors who are deceased INCONCERT
N A S H VI L L E SY M P H ON Y
LEGACY SOCIETY LEAVING A LEGACY, BUILDING A FUTURE
he Nashville Symphony is grateful to those donors who have remembered the orchestra in their estate plans. Legacy gifts to the Nashville Symphony help Middle Tennessee’s resident orchestra achieve its mission of making beautiful music, reaching diverse audiences and improving life in our community for generations to come through the following: – World-class performances of enduring orchestral music, from Bach to Beethoven to Bernstein – Affordable ticket prices for music lovers of all ages and backgrounds – Commissions and recordings of America’s leading composers, who are keeping classical music relevant for 21st-century audiences – Life-changing education programs that provide inspiration, instruction and mentorship for students from kindergarten through high school – The acoustical brilliance of Schermerhorn Symphony Center, a venue built to serve the entire community Be “instrumental” in our success by sharing your passion for music with future generations. For more information on the many creative ways to make a planned gift, please visit NashvilleSymphony.org/plannedgiving or call Andrew Shafer at 615.687.6484.
Anonymous (4) Stephen Abelman & Robin Holab-Abelman Barbara B. & Michael W. Barton Russell Bates Elisabetha C. Baugh Ann Bernard Congressman Diane Black & Dr. David L. Black Julie G. & Frank H. Boehm, MD Ellen & Roger Borchers Mr. & Mrs. Dennis C. Bottorff H. Victor Braren, M.D. Charles W. Cagle Mr. and Mrs. Christopher John Casa Santa Paul Catt and Linda Etheredge Donna* & Steven* Clark George D. Clark Jr. Dr. Cliff Cockerham & Dr. Sherry Cummings W. Ovid Collins, Jr.* Barbara J.* and John J.* Conder Marianne Connolly Kelly Corcoran & Joshua Carter Mr. & Mrs. Roy Covert Kevin and Katie Crumbo Janet Keese Davies
The William M.*and Mildred P.* Duncan Family and Deborah Faye Duncan Annette & Irwin* Eskind Paula Fairchild Judy and Tom Foster Henry S. Fusner* Dr. Priscilla Partridge de Garcia* & Dr. Pedro E. Garcia* Harris A. Gilbert Allis Dale & John Gillmor James C. Gooch Ed & Nancy Goodrich Landis Bass Gullett* Connie & Carl T. Haley, Jr. Martin Todd Harris David W. & Judith S. Hayes Billy Ray Hearn* Eric Raefsky, M.D.* & Victoria Heil Gregory T. Hersh Judith Hodges Mr. & Mrs. Bennett F. Horne Judith Simmons Humphreys* Martha Rivers Ingram Elliott Warner Jones & Marilyn Lee Jones Anne Knauff Heloise Werthan Kuhn Paul Kuhn
Barry Lapidus Sally M. Levine John T. Lewis Todd M. Liebergen Clare* & Samuel* Loventhal Ernestine M. Lynfoot Ellen Harrison Martin Thomas McAninch Dr. Arthur McLeod Mellor James Victor Miller* Sharalena & Dick Miller Rev. Dr. Charles L. Moffatt, III Ellen Livingfield More Cynthia* & Richard* Morin Patricia W. & James F. Munro Anne T. & Peter L. Neff Jonathan Norris & Jennifer Carlat Mr. & Mrs. Michael Nowlin Harry & Shelley Page Juanita M. Patton* Drs. Mark & Nancy Peacock Pamela K. & Philip Maurice Pfeffer Joseph Presley Dr. Zeljko Radic & Tanya Covington Radic David & Edria Ragosin Dr. Gipsie Ranney* Nancy Ray Mr. & Mrs. Ben R. Rechter Fran C. Rogers
Judith A. Sachs James A. Scandrick Jr.* Kristi Lynn Seehafer Mr. Martin E.* & Mrs. Judy F. Simmons Irvin & Beverly Small Mary & K.C. Smythe Dr. and Mrs. Anderson Spickard, Jr. Maribeth & Christopher Stahl Betsy Proctor Stratton* & Harry E. Stratton* Patricia Mlcuch Strickland Dr. Esther & Mr. Jeffery Swink Steve Alan Hyman & Mark Lee Taylor Mr.* and Mrs.* Louis B. Todd Dr. John B. Thomison, Sr.* Mr. Robert J. Turner & Mr. Jay Jones Alan D. & Janet L. Valentine Johnna Benedict Watson Dr. Colleen Conway Welch* Jimmie D. & Patricia Lee White Lalah Gee Williams Dr. Patricia B. Willoughby Donna B. Yurdin Barbara & Bud Zander Shirley Zeitlin Anne H. & Robert K.* Zelle *denotes donors who are deceased
NAS HV I LLE SYMP HONY ADM I N I STRATIVE STAFF
Alan D. Valentine, President and CEO Steven Brosvik, COO Marye Walker Lewis, CPA, CFO Heather Romero, Executive Assistant
ARTISTIC ADMINISTRATION Jessica Slais, V.P. of Artistic Administration Ellen Kasperek, Senior Manager of Artistic Administration
Eleanor Roberts, Manager of Artistic Administration
Harrison Bryant, Artistic Coordinator Jennifer Goldberg, Principal Librarian Luke Bryson, Librarian David Jackson, Assistant Librarian Andrew Risinger, Organ Curator
COMMUNICATIONS Jonathan Marx, V.P. of Communications Dave Felipe, Publicist & Communications Manager
Justin Bradford, Director of Digital Media Diana Rosales, Digital Media Coordinator Sean Shields, Art Director Alina Van Oostrom, Graphic Design Associate
DATA SERVICES Tara Little, Director of Research & Data Services
Tara Shirer, Manager of Data Services Sheila Wilson, Sr. Database Associate
DEVELOPMENT Jonathan Norris, V.P. of Development Maribeth Stahl, Sr. Director of Development Kortney Toney, Corporate Partnerships Manager
Trianne Newbrey, Corporate Partnerships Officer
Ashlinn Snyder, Development Programs Manager
Dennis Carter, Patron Engagement Officer Judith Wall, Patron Engagement Officer Andrew Shafer, Planned Giving Manager
Cori Rodery, Development Events Manager Brooke Stuart, Development Events Manager
Celine Thackston, Grants Manager Jesse Strauss, Grants Assistant
EDUCATION Kimberly Kraft McLemore, Director of Education and Community Engagement
Kelley Bell, Education and Community Engagement Program Manager
Kristen Freeman, Education and Community Engagement Program Manager
FINANCE Karen Warren, Controller Bobby Saintsing, A/P & Payroll Manager Sheri Switzer, Senior Accountant Charlotte Schweizer, Retail Manager and Buyer
Rich Bartkowiak, Marketing Supervisor Missy Hubner, Ticket Services Assistant Sarah Rose Peacock, Marketing & Communications Coordinator
Marketing Associates: Henry Byington, Jim Davidson, Kimberly DePue, Rick Katz, Misha Robledo Ticket Services Supervisors: Jesse Baker, Jean-Marie Clark, Jeff Hoehne, Melissa Messer Ticket Services Specialists: Erin Caby, Megan Cargin, Peter Donnelly, Carly Fell Chase Gay, Lindsey George
PRODUCTION & ORCHESTRA OPERATIONS Sonja Thoms, Sr. Director of Operations and Orchestra Manager
John Wesolowski, Orchestra Personnel Manager
FOOD, BEVERAGE AND EVENTS Johnathon McGee,
Senior Event Sales Manager
Schuyler Thomas, Senior Event Manager Lee Ann Eaton, Event Facilitator Anderson S. Barns, Beverage Manager
HUMAN RESOURCES Ashley Skinner, SPHR, SHRM-SCP, V.P. of Human Resources
Erin Ozment, Orchestra Personnel Assistant Mark Dahlen, Audio Engineer Emily Yeakle, Sr. Lighting Director Trey Franklin, Lighting Director W. Paul Holt, Stage Manager Josh Walliser, Production Manager Trevor Wilkinson, Recording Engineer & Assistant Production Manager
Larry Bryan, Audio Engineer & Assistant Production Manager
Katy Lyles, Operations Coordinator
Manager of Volunteer Services
Eric Swartz, V.P. of Venue Management John Sanders, Chief Technical Engineer Kenneth Dillehay, Chief Engineer Wade Johnson, Housekeeping Manager James Harvell, Housekeeper Tony Meyers,
Trenton Leach, Director of Information Technology
MARKETING Daniel B. Grossman, V.P. of Marketing Misty Cochran, Director of Marketing Lindsay Bergstrom, Director of Ticket Services
Gena Staib, Box Office Manager Rachael Downs, Assistant Box Office Manager
Director of Security and Front of House
Alan Woodard, Security Manager Sam Harrington, Facility Maintenance Technician
Gregory Weiss, Facility Maintenance Technician
WE CREATE THE SOUND OF Now The Nashville Symphony is one of the most active recording orchestras in the United States, with a focus on promoting new, groundbreaking American music. Just like our friends and neighbors on Lower Broadway and in clubs and recording studios across town, our commitment is to creating the sound and the soul of music’s greatest city. Since 2000, the Symphony has released more than 30 recordings on Naxos, a Middle Tennessee-based label that has become the world’s largest distributor of classical music. Our discography encompasses a wide range of repertoire, from Beethoven and Bernstein, to Ben Folds and Jennifer Higdon — to name just two renowned artists with strong ties to Tennessee. And the music world is taking notice: our recordings have earned a total of 13 GRAMMY® Awards and 24 nominations. As a leader in our field, the Nashville Symphony has been a champion of new music, working with celebrated composers right here in Middle Tennessee and across the country. Our orchestra has presented 36 world premieres and has commissioned 30 new pieces of music — because we believe that classical music has the power to move and inspire listeners in the 21st century. With the community’s support — with your support — all of this and so much more is possible.
WAYS TO GIVE Online: NashvilleSymphony.org/give
In Person: Visit our box office at 1 Symphony Place in downtown Nashville 10 am-6 pm Mon.-Fri.
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