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Declining Industry

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CONTENT

Introduction Background Kite Maker Make your own chinese kite? Tailor About Talor Electron Fan Repair Shoe Repair How to make a pair of shoes?

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Shoeshiner Watch Repair Man Grass Flgure Maker Doll Maker Flour Doll Maker How to make a flour doll? Mahjong Maker The art of mahjong Seal Carving

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Introduction

Hong Kong by nature is a city but when the idea of putting in a creative art hub in west kowloon, people began to wonder if Hong Kong can also be a place of art and creativity.But it would not be easy unless people of Hong Kong realize the importanceof tradition but most of these tradition are dying. Properly the only thing we can still remember of the people working on this...declining industry.

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Background

Folk art backgrand from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople. In contrast to fine art, folk art is primarily utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic.As a phenomenon that can chronicle a move towards civilization yet rapidly diminish with modernity, industrialization, or outside influence, the nature of folk art is specific to its particular culture. The varied geographical and temporal prevalence and diversity of folk art make it difficult to describe as a whole.

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Let’s go to start our story...

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KITE MAKER

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Kites used to be make of silk and bamboo because kite made of these material can really make it soar high any guide with the wind. It is not the case.

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Created from silk and bamboo and lavishly hand painted, traditional Chinese kites bear intricate details and done with skilled craft smanship of kite maker. Kite flying is a great experience whether it is on a cool windy day at the beach or a hot and breezy day in the neighborhood. Child have many other thing to play, is no need to go out side it can stay at home and their parent not be free to bring the child go out side to play, because kite flying it need a big place to play. But kite playing lives different enjoy meant to anyone because you do it outdoors. And because of this, anyone will enjoy the sheer physicality of what outdoor has to offerNow a days, few kite makers use silk and bamboo in doing kites. its being replace by ordinary cheap paper and plastic.though it is still popular especially in some areas, it dosent have the appeal of what it is before.

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Make Your Own

Chinese Kite? |Idea of kite|

Visit China Pan Kite Factory to get an idea of the many shapes seen in Chinese kites (see Resources below). You can also see how the frame holds the silk for each kite. Select straight dried bamboo sticks to create the frame of your kite. The knots should be as far apart as possible.Choose pieces of silk to make your kite. Untreated silk will not work. You should buy treated silk that can be pulled taut with little give. If you are on a budget, you can also use plastic trash bags or butcher paper.

|The frame|

Create the frame for your kite and begin cutting the silk. If you are using paper, you may want to decorate the paper before you frame it to avoid tears and wrinkles. Attach the silk to the frame by looping the fabric over the bamboo and using a zigzag stitch. The fabric should create a sleeve or tunnel around the frame. Make sure you maintain a uniform tension while sewing to ensure the fabric is stretched properly. Paper or plastic can be glued.

|Body of dolls|

Link the Chinese kite sections using kite or bridle string to connect the bridles together. The bridle is a string that is permanently attached to the frame that has a tow point where the flying or connecting string is attached.Decorate the kite using paint or fabric markers. Chinese kites tend to have elaborate designs or lettering, but you can use your imagination. Add more flare to your Chinese kit. Produce several dragon or centipede rings at once by coiling a 5 cm. piece of bamboo into a pot of the desired diameter. The ends should overlap about 2 cm. Fill the pot with water just below the bamboo. Cover the pot and boil for about 30 minutes. Let the bamboo cool and cut into thin strips. Glue the overlapping ends.

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TAILOR

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Now a day, big fashion companies manipulate the industry many tailor are existing in our society. To see my creation of hand to any of my customers, is a big satisfication in my job. at the end , it brings me smile.

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About Tailors |History|

Tailors developed from the 12th to 14th centuries in Europe. The first reference of the word “tailor” was seen in 1297, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. English tailors were highly regarded by the beginning of the 18th century, as fashion was a priority of the wealthy.Since these early days, developments and innovations such as the sewing machine have reduced the need for hand-made clothing, and tailors. However, they can still be found throughout the world for those who prefer a personal clothing.

|Types|

There are several sub-types of tailors. A custom clothier creates clothing on an individual basis to meet the needs of the customer. A custom dressmaker specializes in creating custom women’s garments, including dresses, suits and bridal wear. Alteration specialists restyle or refit garments that have been previously completed. A seamstress is a type of tailor who works on a machine, typically completing seams on machine-made garments. A tailor may specialize in one or more of these sub-types.

|Function|

The tailor’s job is to create clothing based on the measurements of the individual. Tailors are experts in the area of measurement, sewing, cutting and fitting. Today, tailors most commonly create men’s and women’s formalwear suits, jackets and skirts. They are also often used for modifying pre-made clothing to fit.

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ELECTRON FAN REPAIR

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Long time ago electronic fan is a very popular machine to cooler down youself. It is because air-conditioner is a luxury thing, people in that period can’t afford such a big money, so they use fan .But nowaday ,people getting wish fans become not popular, air-con replace it. Also fan is cheap .Peoples can buy it in a lower price, so nobody would pay a money to fix the fan if it’s out of order.

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SHOES REPAIR 37


He was over 60years old.Everyday he goes to his small shop to repair as much shoes as he can.His reward, small amount and smiles from his customers.

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Relying on two hands everyday, he is tinkering on number of old or worn out shoes for the customers, providing services from shoe shining to repair.

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How to make

a pair of Shoes? |Sketch|

Determine the components of the shoe that you want to design. A basic shoe design will have an outsole (the bottom of the shoe) and an upper. For more complex, functional shoes like athletic shoes, other components you need to consider are the midsole and the insert. Sketch the basic look of the shoe design that you are planning. Include all the design details on your sketch, including colors and materials to be used.

|Create|

Sketch your shoe design broken down into its components. This will help you figure out how the different components will actually be attached to each other during manufacturing. Create technical drawings of your shoe design components, including all the measurements you can think of. Be as detailed as possible with all the components, as your technical drawings will then lead to the production of computer-aided design drawings that will be the blueprints of your shoe design.

|Body of dolls|

Put together all your shoe design details into a technical pack. This should include all the materials that will be used for each part of the shoe, the colors of your design and all your measurements for each shoe component. Your technical pack is what the factory will require before they produce a prototype or “pullover� based on your shoe design.

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SHOESHINER

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This job doesn’t require skills but dedication and the ability to make people happy. Shoe shiners must see to it that they can turn a dirty pair of shoes look new once again. doing this job perhaps will not give great monetary reward but lots of smile.

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WATCH REPAIR MAN

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In repairing watches, He need to be patient. In a busy visible street, The watch repairing man give numerous our and broken watches another life, A rebirth To be useful again.

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He said that" Usually a watch is a man's identity and even it is already broken. The owner doesn't want to let go of it. The watch repair man makes sune that this watch, so important to someone, will have its identity again. According to him, Buying a new one replace a broken one is not really necessary. It is like having your own house. When it gets bad throught the course of the years, The owner do its outmost to make repairs. It should be the same for watch.

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METAL WORK

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He learned metal work thought his family and even thought the earning is metal it is the only way. he know to earn living. when business was good, there and so many like his doing the same thing but now the modern technology is around on everything, only few are doing hand-made metal work. in the course of the years making metal works, He was able to meet and make friends, especially from the declining industry.

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GRASS FIGURE MAKER

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She started work on glass figure maker, when she was a little child.Also she found all the material’s for making glass figure by myself. when i was learning to make these glass figure still have lots of people would play with it .But now, it’s over trend. Just have a little people would buy it, and technology replaced these stuff,it’s no longer exist.

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DOLL MAKER 77


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what a better way to child to receive a hand-made doll but nowadays, it is so rare to receive. Most of the doll are machine made and cant be said that it is a one of a kind doll This craft used to thrive and give some people job to do... but not the case, anymore machine replace the reports skill and it is not folk art as it is.

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FLOUR DOLL MAKER 85


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Uncle Chan, as he is fondly called, has been in Causeway Bay besides the MTR station selling flour doll for seven years. Everyday without failure, he will set-up his small display racks and place some his flour doll creations for people to see and sometimes adore and waiting to be in the hands of the onlookers. “Sellimng flour dolls is a tough business” he said. “No one seems to be interested in this folk art anymore”, he added. A clear testament that this special crafts is dying. THe Monkey and the Pig, the King, important characters from “The Emperor’s New Clothes, Chinese cartoon figures and Japanese Manga characters are just some his creations, sculpted by his frail but callused hands. Though the money is too small, he is still happy for what he is doing. “I am creating thousand of dreams”, he said.

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How To Make

a Flour Doll? |Flour|

Make a batch of salt dough. In a large bowl, mix together a cup of salt and 2 cups white flour. Add 2 tbsp. of buckwheat flour. Start adding tepid water to the dry ingredients--about 3/4 of a cup more or less, depending on how much moisture is in the atmosphere. When the mixture forms a ball, sift a little dry flour on a work surface and knead the mixture like regular bread dough until it reaches a smooth consistency.

|Color|

Color the finished dough by dividing it into smaller, individual balls and adding a different color of food coloring to each. Work food coloring into the dough. If the dough becomes too sticky due to the liquid food coloring, add equal parts salt and flour to it .Cut a 6-inch length of 1/4-inch diameter wood dowel. Begin sculpting the doll at one end of the dowel.

|Body of dolls|

Start with the main trunk of the body. The dough should be wrapped around the dowel. Roll a ball of dough for the head, and stick it on the end of the dowel. Use a sculpting tool to blend it to the trunk of the body. Pinch in at the base of the ball with your thumb and index fingertoformaneck.Addonarmsandlegsby rolling small coils and pressing each to the trunk of the body. Use assorted clay sculpting tools to blend the arms and legs to the trunk of the body. The tip of a wood skewer works well for creating the details in the face and detailing the hands and feet. Leave the doll on the stand to dry for at least 24 hours.

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MAHJONG MAKER

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Uncle Ko stated as an apprentice carving mahjong set when he was just eighteen years old. He’s been in the business twenty nine year since. He said that before, mahjong is very popular and can sell hundred sets per month. Now-a- day people prepare playing it throught online and other means. As technology advances, very few can hand caved mahjong pieces. Most of the set in the market for sale and done by machines. For this reason, no more apprenticeship is being offered by mahjong manufacturer.

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The Art of

Mahjong |The Facts|

The traditional Mahjong set contains 144 tiles. There are four identical groups of tiles comprised of five suits each. The suits and number of tiles for each group are as follows: character suit (9), circle suit (9), bamboo suit (9), wind suit (4) and dragon suit (3). There are also eight flower tiles that round out the set and function as bonus tiles.There are legends saying that Mahjong was invented by Confucius, but these are probably not historically accurate. However, similar games involving tiles have existed in China since the early 12th century. Some believe that Mahjong evolved out of these

|Significance|

The three major suits in Mahjong actually represent the copper coins that were used in ancient China. The tiles in the circle suit depict individual coins, the tiles in the bamboo suit depict strings of coins and each tile in the character suit represents 10,000 coins. Mahjong is |Size| still an important part of ChiStandard Mahjong tiles are ap- nese culture and is often played proximately 1 1/2� by 1� by at important events such as wed3/4�. Most Mahjong sets are sold dings and new year celebrations. in rectangular boxes the size of a briefcase or sometimes literally in a briefcase. Mahjong can be played on any flat surface and a minimum area of about four square feet is recommended. games, but others feel that it actually bears more resemblance to certain Chinese card games. The earliest historical reference to Mahjong in the West was made by American anthropologist Stewart Culin in 1895.

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SEAL CARVING

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Seal carving used to be a vesser for ones identity, a symbol of your name and who you are. rich people have it to deal with any of their dealings and transactions and even now it is still around. Seal carvens satisfaction is the smile they put on their customers face after imbedding their identity into a piece of stone, marble or jade. Though young people prepare to use their signatures it, old people prepares to use the seal, perhaps because of the tradition that goes with it.

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Designed by Gloria Tang

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declining industry