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Edition 1

Embrace Globalisation

October 2018

CONTENTS 4 Queer International Student Safe Space at Rhodes 5 Finds Tanzanian Student Fights the Good 6 Fight International Student Gives 8 Back to the Community Africa’s Need For Investme10nt in Arts Indian Artist Challenges Rape Culture at Rhodes


ILAM: The Hub of African Music

Imagining a Feminist African 14Worldview The Exchanges Head to 15Cape Town


Meet the team Catherine White Writer and Editor

Zintle Rwaza Writer and Editor

Pg. 13 The ILAM: The Hub of African Music

Pg. 5 Queer International Student Finds Safe Space

Sakhe Tshoni Writer and Editor Pg. 9 International Student Gives Back to the Community

Luvo Mnyobe Writer and Editor

Camiel Endert Writer and Editor Pg. 11 Africa’s Need for Investment in Arts Pg. 15 The Exchanges head to Cape Town

Global Magazine Embracing Cosmopolitan Identities

Pg. 4 Indian Artist Challenges Rape Culture at Rhodes Pg. 6 Tanzanian Student Fights the Good Fight


The News

Rhodes University Student Esihlle Faltein says that taking part in Aqui Thami’s Poster Makimng Workshop Was Liberating.

Indian Artist Challenges Rape Culture Across Borders

By Luvo Mnyobe


n India smiling at a man is just one of the many things that can get women raped. However, Indian artist Aqui Thami has used her art to challenge her rape culture in her home country. This week she visited South Africa as part of the Silent Protest at Rhodes University. The Silent Protest is an annual protest that aims to empower survivors of sexual violence at the University. Thami hosted the last event of the fiveday Silent Protest programme with an a poster making workshop in the morning of Women’s Day. Later on, these posters were put up as an exhibition at the University’s Fine Arts department. Thami says she was unable to tour the country on her own as she feared for her safety. This meant she could not fully appreciate the beauty of Grahamstown as she had hoped. Back at home she founded the Sister


Library in New Delhi where she works with young women to immerse them in literature that humanises women. “It’s important that we work with young women to see themselves as fully human being who are strong and exciting,” said

“It’s important that we work with young women to see themselvcs as full human beings who are strong and exciting”- Aqui Thami

Thami, adding, “But we should also work with young boys in teaching them that it is possible to create a safer world for young women and that hypermasculinity is not the only way to be a man” Just last week South African women and gender non-conforming persons got

together marching all over country against gender-based violence. Shortly after arriving in Grahamstown Thami quickly realised the dangers of being a woman in this samll town. “India is a dangerous Country but during my time here [Grahamstown]I witnessed the imminent danger when a car guard followed us as we left diinner with my friend Erin” she says. Responding to a question about men’s place in fighting the cause, she said the“Men have to start talking to each other about the violence they cause to women, men do not listen to women, therefore it is important that they allow space for women to fight patriarchy everywhere in the world” The tragic death of Khensani Maseko who committed suicide after opening a case rape against her former boyfriend Sihle Maphumulo left the New Delhi based artist defeated.

The News

Queer International Students Finds Refuge At Rhodes University Discriminatory Anti-gay laws in many parts of Africa force queer Africans to live their lives in secret. By Zintle Rwaxa


at, an international student at Rhodes University, originally from Kenya, explains that he is living a lie about his sexuality because homosexuality is illegal in his home country. African countries have politically integrated legislations, which are against homosexuality and it is viewed as a socially unaccepted taboo, disgrace, sin and an illegal act, meaning that anyone who ever is caught “practicing” it in the public eye is charged or faces the death penalty. Kat chose not to reveal his identity as he fears the consequences he might face of this publication finding its way into the hands of the officials in his home country or family members. “Ever since I arrived here at Makhanda in 2016, I was then free to be real because I always identified myself as a gay man, but it was impossible to live to with my true

sexuality in my country as homosexuality is illegal,” said Kat. However, Kat never told his family about his sexuality as a result when he is back home, he is forced to fake his sexuality as a straight man.

“It was a shock for me seeing homosexual people here at Rhodes University because it is not allowed in Zimbabwe.”- Nashe Muchenje Nashe Muchenje, a first-year student Rhodes University, originally from Zimbabwe, said that prior to coming out she questioned how her family felt about her queer identity. “From an early age, I was told it {beng

gay }is wrong. I was not allowed to associate myself even with homosexual people and this disapproval was intensified by the fact that I am from a Christian background, so my family referred to it as a sin” said Muchenje. In other parts of Africa, like Malawi, there are strong anti-gay laws. Diana Nyangani a third-year pharmacy student from Malawi confirmed that in Malawi homosexuality is illegal. Nyangani believes that these laws are outdated and should be scrapped. “These laws are extremely repressive. We cannot be bullied by our government thses laws are art of the colonial project must be rejected by Africans” said Nyangani. Makhanda is a free space not only for academics but it also provides a safe space for every student to be who they identify as and be able to live their lives to the fullest. Students like Kat are extremely appreciative of the freedom that Rhodes allows to live out and express their sexuality.


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Austin Ndyethabula speaks passionately about his Tanzania and has ambitions to go back home to make contributions in developing his home country.

The Political Profile

Tanzanian Student Fights The Good Fight By Luvo Mnyobe


ustin Ndyethabula is an extremely humble soft-spoken young man from Tanzania. His humility and patience I evident from the story he tells about how residents of Grahamstown often approach him speaking IsiXhosa. This is something that he sees as people from this part of the world welcoming him into their world. Growing up in a family with well accomplished parents is no easy task. Society places a mountain of expectations on their children to live up to their parents’ standard of success. However, what is more difficult paving your own path in the midst of all that expectation. Ndyethabula, former Rhodes University SRC councillor grew up in Daar es Salaam in Tanzania to parents who were both doctors. He describes his parents as having been supportive in whatever direction he takes in his life and placed no expectation for him to continue with their path in medicine. “My parents made it obvious to me from an early age that they don’t mind whatever to do because I am pretty sure that’s what they their parents wanted them to do. This is particularly true for my dad who no longer practices medicine…” Ndyethebula is adamant that he is not going to be pursuing a medical career anytime soon. “I am not going to become a doctor, ever” he says without an indication of uncertainty. He is now a Bcomm Law and Economics third year student which means he has truly gone far from what his parents do. The move to University in 2016 allowed for him to break free from the shackles

placed on him by being under the supervision of both parents and teachers. “In high school I had always been an angsty teenager, but I was not allowed to express that angst” he says. Breaking out of high school gave him the independence he had wanted. The year before Ndyethebula got to university, the #FeesMustFall took over national discourse in South Africa. This movement saw students from around the world join hands in fighting for a single political goal of achieving free education. This time was particularly challenging for international students who were faced with either taking part in demonstrations towards the achievement of this goal. The movement emboldened young people to challenge the status quo in 2016 in protesting rape culture at the university.

“Tanzania is a repressive state, dissenting voice, particularly those of strong women are silenced. My time here [Rhodes University] definitely enlightened to the misogyny of the world”- Austin Ndyethabula’s involvement in the demonstration eventually led to him spending a night in prison cell. An experience which he describes as being “soul sucking”. He then takes a contradictory stance saying that he’s arrest was actually under-

whelming. “It was actually a stupid reason to get arrested for because we were standing at the barricade and another comrade fell, as I was pulling her up a police officer just grabbed me and threw me into the van” he says. Being arrested in foreign country would have left many startled and terrified but did not move Ndyethabula. The dangers for foreign students taking part in protest are plenty, for one their implication in criminal activity could jeopardise his visa or study permit but also his entire degree. Ndyethabula’s encounter with the police did not silence him for long as in 2017 he ran for the position of International Councillor in the SRC. He ran for SRC at a time when many students had questioned the SRC’s legitimacy as a vanguard of students. “I ran for SRC because I believed that we could realise change in the university but most of the work that we do in the SRC has to be done through a vote among all fifteen councillors make it difficult to make decisions” he says. His first year at Rhodes University taught him lessons that he will guide the course of his life outside the small campus in Grahamstown. Much his politics are heavily influenced by feminism and an interest in the achievement of social justice. In a Facebook post early last year he writes that had someone told him that he would ever be inspired by feminism he would have laughed at them. After finishing his studies, Ndyethabula says he will venture into farming back home in Tanzania. “I am a politician at heart but I will venture into farming back home in Tanzania, land in Tanzania is very affordable and accessible”.


Koaile Monaheng, is a Masters in Politcs and international Relations focusing on the impact of climate change on Politics.


Lending a helping hand

International Student Gives Back to the Community By Sakhe Tshoni


oaile Monaheng is a Masters’ Student at the Politics and International Relations Department at Rhodes University. His thesis is focused on climate change. He is passionate and vibrant speaker who gives back to his home country Lesotho. At the department he works as a teaching assistant working with undergraduate students supporting them as they navigate the academics at the university. He continues his work of supporting students at Calata House where he is the Warden. Watching the love and support that his parents gave to his two older brothers while they were playing cricket and rugby in school. He thought that it was time that he joined a sport. It was in Grade 9 at Khubetsoana High School where he tried out for different kinds of sport, cricket, rugby and swimming which never seemed to like them. That all changed in 2009, when doing Grade 10 when he saw Bushi Moletsane.   Moletsane is a popular soccer player in Lesotho who is idolised by many like Monaheng. By watching how Bushi was terrorizing defenders in Lesotho he decided that he was going to try out for soccer. In 2011 he injured his knee ending any prospects of a soccer career He dislocated his knee cap playing against a local soccer team and was told by the doctors that he is going would require expensive surgery if he wishes to continue playing soccer. With his mother a teacher and his father a taxi driver it would be impossible for him to fund the surgery.

Monaheng is sitting in his room with a bible next to his bed, a glass filled with Coca Cola and wearing black T-shirt and short, and listening to soft jazz. Thes news of his injury left Monaheng devastated. “When I received the news, I was really heartbroken and knowing that I will never play soccer. It is a day I will never forget”. Despite the injury that never killed his love for soccer.

“You don’t need money in order to help those who are in need and are struggling. That why I have decided to give back to the community and this also helps me to stay in touch with my roots and always remember where I come from” - Koaile

When Monaheng came to Rhodes University he became aware of the deprivation soccer teams experienced in Lesotho. “Here [Rhodes University] many soccer teams no longer being use their kit so I have decided to ask some of them to donate to a  team in Lesotho.” said Monaheng. “Many of teams were without a soccer kit which forced them to play with their own clothes. Other teams used old tired soccer

kits it was difficult to watch. I just had to intervene and help out” Ndumiso Dlomo has been a friend of Monaheng since arriving at Rhodes University in 2012. Dlomo describes Monaheng as committed and adventurous. “Koaile is always practising in the field, trying new skills every day. In the field they call him Zizo beda because whenever he touches the ball someone going to get embarrassed” He found himself speechless when describing the kind of person Monaheng is. “Kwaole is one of those people which you could say is a rare bred in human existence. He is very nice and humble.”  These two friends who are in love with the beautiful game met on the soccer pitch and since then their friendship grew as a result of their love for it.   “We met him during a game in which we were playing against them, I was the team captain that day. And when he told me what he is planning to do I was very proud and offered to help him. Since he is away for most of the year away from home I guess this thing helps him keep in touch with his people. Pule Monaheng, a cousin of Monaheng says that he has always reached his hand out to help those less fortunate. He remembers that he would go as far as being late for school because he was helping his neighbours. Koaile says that “You don’t need money in order to help those who are in need and are struggling. That why I have decided to give back to the community and this also helps me to stay in touch with my roots and always remember where I come from.”



Tribal face paint

Growth Of The Arts

Art by Camiel Endert

Africa’s Need For Investment In Arts By Camiel Endert


tate subsidies and funding for art are increasing in several countries in Africa, which has sparked significant debate on the allocation of government resources and whether governments in developing countries should even be funding art. However, a recent research study conducted by Peter Baur has shown the number of international art enthusiasts, students and investors coming to Africa have been rapidly increasing over the last decade. South Africa has become a prime location for those interested in art from around the globe, and what was once a place dominated by western art has now become one of the most diverse and culturally rich art scenes in the world. With the number of displays of indigenous art rising in Africa, it is essential to consider the potential impacts this will have on the

continent. Although African artists have been silenced for centuries through colonisation and western hegemony, this the rise of the art economy in Africa could challenge these dominating powers by providing a platform for disempowered and disenfranchised artists. Some state legislators have argued that state funding should only increase for essentials such as infrastructure in developing countries rather than art. However, I would argue that art plays an essential role in development. It leads to rises in job creation, tourism and international investments, which in term can increase government revenue and improve the quality of life in certain countries. Additionally, it has been argued that with the invention of the internet the world has become more globalised in terms of its information sharing, media access, and art access and has eliminated the need for local arts movements in Africa. However, there is an important distinction that needs

to be made between globalisation and hegemony. I believe that the internet has only served to reinforce western hegemony in African societies as the internet is currently dominated by American owned websites such as Google, Facebook and Twitter. The rise of the arts movement in Africa helps combat the hegemonic presence of western art in the world by empowering artists who were previously mystified and institutionally silenced by providing them with a state-funded art scene. The increase in state-funded art museums in South Africa also plays a significant role in distancing the country from apartheid ideologies as art was perceived as something that was for white people, created by white people. State funding for art needs to continue across the entire continent and people should embrace the rise of African art in the continent for the world to become more aware and learn more from the vibrant and deep history behind African art.


Bach Perr elor of y M play Mason usic st ing ude , sin n t for f un. he Afri ging an t can d drum


Collecting History

ILAM:The Hub of African Music hasn’t happened anywhere else. You can do a Bachelor of Music (BMus) degree at Rhodes and you can specialize using this nique to the continent, the living archive of the International Library course as your instrument choice, whereas before you had to play music exams. It was of African Music (ILAM), an very exclusionary because lots of people independent institution, has the potential couldn’t afford to do that or they don’t to be the hub of all African cultural music play those types of instruments. So here on the continent. is a way for the thousands and thousands Dr. Mc Connachie states, “ILAM has of brilliant community musicians that such a wealth of incredible musical arts we have, to get that piece of paper that knowledge that we really should keep sometimes is so important to us. Although here. The center should be here. So that is in my opinion it shouldn’t be.” Mr. Dumisa, our goal. We are taking small steps at the a lecturer of the Instrumental Music moment. We have the right team the right attitude and to be honest it’s the right time Studies African Ensemble course says that his only wish for this course is for it to be in the way that African consciousness is recognized in the same way that History, developing. We are ready to wake up and go well okay “Africa is important”, so that is English and Science subjects are. our goal.” Dr. Mc Chonnachie did her PhD on the integration of African Music at high schools. She concluded that one cannot expect people who have never had African music experience to suddenly then start teaching it. “If you don’t get the training you can’t teach it at school,” she says. Dr. Mc Connachie was then given carte blanche by the Rhodes University music department to develop an appropriate course she thought she could run. “The The public entrace to ILAM on Prince idea was that all students at the whole Alfred Street university can do a course where they can experience African music from South Dr. Mc Connachie’s vision of ILAM is Africa and Southern Africa, for the first that it is central to everything that happens time or as part of their heritage. Then if you musically in South Africa. She sees get the bug one can specialize in it,” said ILAM as a centre of ethno musicological Dr. Mc Chonnachie. excellence for Africa. Her goal is that it She further explains, “Here is the big becomes a hub of African Music activity. thing and it is very revolutionary as it

By Catherine White


There are lots of institutes around the world. There is one in Spain there is one in America, but there isn’t one in Africa. ILAM could be the future of African Music. “I like the idea of revaluing knowledge. So I think that it is a wonderful space for all South Africans to be able to really engage with the musical arts of Africa, as they were and as they are now,” says Dr. Mc Connachie. She further welcomes students and members of the community to visit ILAM: “People can come and listen, people can come and learn, people can come and make music and people can come and watch people make music. It really is a hub of activity that links university to the past, to the present and to the community out there.” A BMus student Perry Mason-Adams says, “We tend to forget how important music is in our lives. Had I known then when I was in first year I had the option to do this with my degree, I would have done it. The information at ILAM is rich and resourceful so it is the best place to go if you want to learn about African music. What better place to learn about our ancestors? Music brings people together and at the rate they are going now I just see bigger and bigger and more students getting involved. We don’t have enough information about black or African music so ILAM really is important.” This could be the future of all African music activities in South Africa! We are lucky to be alive at a time of such exciting progress.


Creating Feminist Futures

Imagining a Feminist African Worldview the ridiculous idea that feminism is unAfrican and that is only about indiwe Mazibuko, the co- the advancement of women’s rights. founder of the Apolitical However, such a simplistic view of Academy (a non-partisan what feminism is limited and ignores political fellowship) recognises the the violence and oppression of other need for young Africans to get into genders. As Africans we must tackle the public service. Her academy the challenges that come because attempts to regaining trust among of naturalising patriarchy and young people in politics of the world “The rejection of by bringing them into politics. feminism or femininity This academy takes an apolitical was centred on the ideological perspective in attempts of allowing for lively ideological ridiculous idea discussion amongst the fellows. that feminism is Whilst this is a commendable unAfrican and that objective we cannot the fact that it it is only about the will be very difficult to achieve as advancement of some ideology are more dominant women’s rights. ” than others. As one of the shortlisted candidates I quickly discovered that the academy, heteronormativity. Such naturalisation of patriarchy or at least some of the fellows, were nothing close to being apolitical. gives legitimacy to the systemic It happened when I introduced violence that is a by-product of a myself as an intersectional feminist. patriarchal social structure. This is The intolerance was telling on both something that we must tackle as the men and women in the room. Africans particularly in the SADC Shock and reluctance to my ideology region. This is because so many of as a feminist or maybe it was us are the victims of homophobic, generally a rejection of feminism or gendered and sexual violence assumed femininity that comes with through a patriarchal world order. The silence amongst politicians in identifying as feminist. The rejection here was centred on South Africa and the South African By Luvo Mnyobe



Development Community when it comes to queerphobia reproduces violence against queer people. The murder and killing of queer women should anger politicians should anger all of us but this is not so because of the pervasive nature of hegemonic masculinity. This can be blamed on the heteronormative patriarchal order of politics in this region which sees heterosexual men as natural leaders. Politics in the South African Development Community must inclusive of feminism in the ideological network. Feminism cannot remain in academia, it must infiltrate its way into politics. It holds the potential to challenge the dominant nature of heteronormative nature of politics through its intersectionality. It must no longer be that as men, queer and gender non-conforming men, there is a shock when we claim a feminist ideology. As feminists, we must resist  not only hegemonic masculinity but our work as feminists has to be rooted in the fight against patriarchy, racism and injustices. The site of this struggle will be in the in the benches of parliament within political parties.

Seeing South Africa

The Exchange’s Cape Town Trip By Camiel Endert


his photo essay follows the exchange student’s journey to Cape Town. The journey began, with the students feeling anxious and enthusiastic about their journey as they departed from their dorms. On their first stop, the students all

enjoyed escaping from the dry landscape of Grahamstown by zip lining through dense greenery. After zip lining they all went bungee jumping as it was something they wanted to tick off their bucket list. Next, they went to the beach, where they finally had time to process the intensity of their trip so far. They then walked and fed

The students depart from Grahamstown and head for their first destination; Tsitsikama.

elephants at Knynsa Elephant Sanctuary. The rest of the trip was about experiencing Cape Town’s sights, rich history and culture through its food, people and tourist attractions. Finally, they ended the trip by hiking up Table Mountain to get a final view of the city that taught them so much.

They all enjoyed escaping dusty grahamstown by ziping through the forest.

The exchanges nervously prepare to do the highest commercial bungee jump in the world.


A relaxing beach-break after the jump.

An unplanned stop for an amazing view.

Feeding and petting elephants at a sanctuary in Knysna.


A walk through the Botanical Gardens of Cape Town.

The Most Southern Part of the Continent

The view of Cape Town from Robben Island

After a long hike up table mountain the students were rewarded with a final view of the city


“Our aim to make people more aware of international issues and for internationals to feel more represented�