Page 1

Faithful to the

End

A Study in the

General Epistles


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


TWhy is this a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles


TWhy is this a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

We don’t always read this far


TWhy is this a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

We don’t always read this far We like Paul’s melody


TWhy is this a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

We don’t always read this far We like Paul’s melody They’re small


TWhy shouldn’t this be a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles


TWhy shouldn’t this be a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

2 Timothy 3.16-17


TWhy shouldn’t this be a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

2 Timothy 3.16-17 These are “long haul” letters


TWhy shouldn’t this be a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

2 Timothy 3.16-17 These are “long haul” letters They have a needful melody on salvation


TWhy shouldn’t this be a trail less traveled?

he Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles

2 Timothy 3.16-17 These are “long haul” letters They have a needful melody on salvation “Together with the Book of Revelation, 1 Peter is unrivaled among NT documents for its concern with questions of Christian identity, constitution, and behavior in a hostile world.” (Joel Green, 1 Peter, 11).


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

What’s the very first thing you notice

when you turn to any book in Scripture?


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The New Testament


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The New Testament Gospels announces and

establishes the story of redemption


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The New Testament Gospels

Acts/Epistles

announces and

anticipates the end amid the

establishes the story of redemption

continuing story of the mission of God’s people, their successes, failures and challenges


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The New Testament Gospels

Acts/Epistles

announces and

anticipates the end amid the

establishes the story of redemption

continuing story of the mission of God’s people, their successes, failures and challenges

Revelation awaits final

consummation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Hebrew Bible


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Hebrew Bible Torah (Instruction) (Pentateuch) announces and

establishes the story of redemption


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Hebrew Bible Torah (Instruction) (Pentateuch) announces and

establishes the story of redemption

Prophets anticipates the end amid the

continuing story of the mission of God’s people, their successes, failures and challenges


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Hebrew Bible Torah (Instruction) (Pentateuch) announces and

establishes the story of redemption

Prophets anticipates the end amid the

continuing story of the mission of God’s people, their successes, failures and challenges

Writings awaits final

consummation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The New Testament Gospels

Acts/Epistles

announces and

anticipates the end amid the

establishes the story of redemption

continuing story of the mission of God’s people, their successes, failures and challenges

Revelation awaits final

consummation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Act/Epistles


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Act/Epistles Acts narrative story of the church


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Act/Epistles Acts narrative story of the church

Epistles (Letters) genre change to “situational� spotlights on the good, the bad, and the ugly drawn from and expanding on the previous narrative


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Hebrew Prophets


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Hebrew Prophets Former Prophets

Joshua • Judges • Samuel • Kings

narrative story of Israel


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Hebrew Prophets Former Prophets

Joshua • Judges • Samuel • Kings

narrative story of Israel

Latter Prophets

Isaiah • Jeremiah • Ezekiel • The Twelve (Minor Prophets)

genre change to “situational” spotlights on the good, the bad, and the ugly drawn from and expanding on the previous narrative


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Act/Epistles Acts narrative story of the church

Epistles (Letters) genre change to “situational� spotlights on the good, the bad, and the ugly drawn from and expanding on the previous narrative


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Epistles (Letters)


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Epistles (Letters) Pauline Epistles

Rom •!1-2Cor • Gal • Eph • Col • Phi •!1-2Thess •!1-2Tim • Tit • Phil • Heb

13 (14?!?) letters written by Paul, the “star” of Acts 12-28


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

The Epistles (Letters) Pauline Epistles

Rom •!1-2Cor • Gal • Eph • Col • Phi •!1-2Thess •!1-2Tim • Tit • Phil • Heb

13 (14?!?) letters written by Paul, the “star” of Acts 12-28

General Epistles

James • 1-2 Peter • 1-3 John • Jude

7 letters written by

James, Peter, and John, the “stars” of Acts 1-11*


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon We are here!

The Epistles (Letters) Pauline Epistles

Rom •!1-2Cor • Gal • Eph • Col • Phi •!1-2Thess •!1-2Tim • Tit • Phil • Heb

13 (14?!?) letters written by Paul, the “star” of Acts 12-28

General Epistles

James • 1-2 Peter • 1-3 John • Jude

7 letters written by

James, Peter, and John, the “stars” of Acts 1-11*


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Location Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Location Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Location Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets you’ve read this far (Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels you’ve read this far Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

(Former/Latter)

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


O

ur Street Address: The GE in Canon

Our Context? Torah

(Instruction)

Prophets

Writings

the old testament

Gospels

Acts/Epistles GE the new testament

Revelation


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


OWe want to address the question:

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition


OWe want to address the question:

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Which books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

It’s not always clear which corpus

Hebrews goes with. Is it a Pauline Epistle or General Epistle?


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

It’s not always clear which corpus

Hebrews goes with. Is it a Pauline Epistle or General Epistle?

(this won’t be the last word!)


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

It’s not always clear which corpus

Hebrews goes with. Is it a Pauline Epistle or General Epistle?

(this won’t be the last word!) What would be some barriers to

including it with the Pauline Epistles?


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

No explicit author No explicit addressee Theology different or different emphases Greek is different (and difficult!) Robert Wall (NT as Canon) argues title puts it with GE

Paul was apostle to Gentiles, not Jews


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

It’s not always clear which corpus

Hebrews goes with. Is it a Pauline Epistle or General Epistle?

What would be some reasons to include it with the Pauline Epistles?


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Lack of explicit author/addressee could be explained by position/function

Theological focus varies among Paul’s letters Further, does Paul spend any time

reflecting on how the OT, the Torah

(Pentateuch) in particular, applies to the church?


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Some of Paul’s letters (cf .Ro 16.22, Gal 6.11) were “written” down by others

David Trobisch (1st Edition of the NT) would argue the title puts it with PE

Paul, apostle to Gentiles, started his

mission in each city in the synagogue

and penned “…first to the Jews, then the Gentiles…” (Ro 1.16-17)


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

In early manuscripts, Hebrews was always grouped with Paul’s Letters


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Based on content, canonical evidence, and manuscripts, Hebrews seems to fit

better as the last Pauline letter than the first General Epistle

Whatever the case, Wall makes a point generally agreed upon:


O Which Books? (or: Where does Hebrews go?)

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Whatever the case, Wall makes a point generally agreed upon:

“My tentative suggestion regarding the canonical

intentionality of Hebrews is that it is the canonical

coordinate between the Pauline corpus on the one hand, and the non-Pauline corpus on the other. By 'canonical

coordinate', I mean that Hebrews, because of its affinities with both the Pauline and non-Pauline collections,

effectively brings the two into a profitable canonical

conversation.� Robert Wall, The New Testament as Canon: A Reader in Canonical Criticism, (JSNT 76; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1992), 178, emphasis his.


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

General Epistles


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

General Epistles


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

What are some major themes (toward the end) of Hebrews?


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

What are some major themes (toward the end) of Hebrews? • Not continuing in sin (10) • Perseverance for an abiding reward (10) • FAITH that DOES (11) • Suffering (12) • The coming Kingdom (12) • Christ as example (12-13) • Christian conduct (13: strangers; marriage; money; praise with lips; aiding others; leaders)


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

How about some familiar people/phrases/words?


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

How about some familiar people/phrases/words? • Noah (11.7) • Abraham (11.8-12) • Rahab (11.31) • “alien” / “foreign” / “strangers”/ “exiles” (11.8-13) • raising from the dead (11.19, 35) • enduring ill-treatment with God’s people (11.24) • sprinkling of blood (11.28; 12.24) • suffering of Christ (12.1-3; 13.12)


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

It appears that (the end) of Hebrews introduces the major theme(s) of the General Epistles.


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

It appears that (the end) of Hebrews introduces the major theme(s) of the General Epistles. If the GE could have a “theme verse” (if that’s even safe), it seems like this would fit them well:


O

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

Hebrews :: General Epistles Pauline Epistles

(Hebrews)

(James)

General Epistles

Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith,

who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross,

despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God. Hebrew 12.1-3!


OThe General Epistles are almost at

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

the end of the canonical story


OThe General Epistles are almost at

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

the end of the canonical story

They appear to pick up threads from the end of Hebrews and develop

them into a theology of perseverance in faith through suffering to salvation


OThe General Epistles are almost at

ur Neighborhood: The GE in Composition

the end of the canonical story

They appear to pick up threads from the end of Hebrews and develop

them into a theology of perseverance in faith through suffering to salvation Their drumbeat seems to be: Be Faithful to the End!


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


O Don’t expect to hear Paul (though don’t ur Message: The GE in Theology expect to hear him repudiated either)


O Don’t expect to hear Paul (though don’t ur Message: The GE in Theology expect to hear him repudiated either) With Hebrews as the pivot, we enter a new refrain in the canonical hymn


O Don’t expect to hear Paul (though don’t ur Message: The GE in Theology expect to hear him repudiated either) With Hebrews as the pivot, we enter a new refrain in the canonical hymn

We will argue that James in a sense

provides an introduction and sets the tone for the GE


O With James, the GE may then be

ur Message: The GE in Theology generally letters about persevering

through suffering, sin, and shysters by living faith unto the goal: salvation


O With James, the GE may then be

ur Message: The GE in Theology generally letters about persevering

through suffering, sin, and shysters by living faith unto the goal: salvation Suffering will be the norm


O With James, the GE may then be

ur Message: The GE in Theology generally letters about persevering

through suffering, sin, and shysters by living faith unto the goal: salvation Suffering will be the norm Christ will often be the example


O With James, the GE may then be

ur Message: The GE in Theology generally letters about persevering

through suffering, sin, and shysters by living faith unto the goal: salvation Suffering will be the norm Christ will often be the example Faith will be what is practiced


O With James, the GE may then be

ur Message: The GE in Theology generally letters about persevering

through suffering, sin, and shysters by living faith unto the goal: salvation Suffering will be the norm Christ will often be the example Faith will be what is practiced Salvation will be the hope that keeps you climbing


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


These Epistles Generally Canon, Composition, Themes • A Trail Less Traveled: The General Epistles • Our Street Address: The GE in Canon

• Our Neighborhood: The GE in Composition • Our Message: The GE in Theology • Our Incarnation: The GE at Zion

faithful to the end • week 1


O What do we mean by “our incarnation”? ur Incarnation: The GE at Zion


O What do we mean by “our incarnation”? ur Incarnation: The GE at Zion What do we do on the Sabbath?


O What do we mean by “our incarnation”? ur Incarnation: The GE at Zion What do we do on the Sabbath? Why?


O What do we mean by “our incarnation�? ur Incarnation: The GE at Zion What do we do on the Sabbath? Why? What implications does this have for this class (or any Sabbath activity at Zion)?


Faithful to the

End

James Word inDeed

living faith and living community

week 2


Session 1 Slides  

keynote slides for session 1: these epistles generally

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