Introduction to Global Citizenship
there are many pressing global issues…. Sharing our planet: Issues involving the global commons – Global warming – Biodiversity and ecosystem loss – Fisheries depletion – Deforestation – Water deficits – Maritime safety and pollution Sharing our humanity: Issues requiring a global commitment – Massive step-up in the fight against poverty – Peace-keeping, conflict resolution, fighting terrorism – Global infectious diseases – Digital divide – Natural disaster prevention and mitigation Sharing our rule book: Issues needing a global regulatory approach – Reinventing taxation for the 21st century – Biotechnology rules – Global financial architecture – Illegal drugs – Trade, investment and competition rules – Intellectual property rights – E-commerce rules – International labor and migration rules
“20 Global Issues, 20 Years to Solve Them” By Jean Francois Rischard, 2003
… but global governance is poorly financed and weak
Budget of the United Nations and other Budgets in 2010 USA Government Worldwide military expenditures Germany Federal Government European Union Total Government Budget Greece Military budget of Turkey Porsche Turnover United Nations Regular Budget
3,456 1,630 319 140 77 17 12 5
FIFA -World Soccer Association
bn US$ bn US$ bn € bn € bn € bn US$ bn US$ bn US$ bn €
global networks kill the power of nation states… – – – –
global corporations air transportation travel, tourism, trade migration of services and of labor ….. ….. – internet and telecommunication systems – media networks – financial markets
â€Ś and this may lead to a new global system
From International Cooperation to a Global Society (1946 to ?? )
From Nation-Building to International Cooperation (1648 to 1946)
From Clans to Nation-Building (150,000 B.C. to 1648 A.D. )
it all depends on the development of a mental infrastructure called global citizenship
We all face difficulties in managing multiple identities.
Humanity My Community
The global citizen has one additional dimension to manage: his/her obligations to humanity as a whole
global citizenship education must target emotions and knowledge Global citizens are individuals …
Knowledge-driven global citizens global citizens
Too little global attitude
Too little global knowlegde
•… who have the right amount of knowledge to understand global developments and who also have some understanding to what extent these global developments can effect the way of life; •… who have the attitude of a true citizen, i.e. they feel obligated to the common good – in case of a global citizen this means the common good of all of humanity.
global citizen education has three dimensions
global citizenship does not meant to have a certain legal status; instead it is a mental concept
Facts and figures about the world as it is today.
Human rights as a basis for dignity and mutual respect.
How to formulate and present views and how to interact in a multicultural setting.
Projections about our future. Differing views on policies and ways how to tackle current and future problems.
Tolerance and intercultural openness. Knowledge about various philosophical world views. Empathy for all of humanity.
global citizenship does not come by itself, it is the result of an educational process
Public speaking. Debates. Moderating decisionmaking in groups. Languages, especially English.
global citizenship is a matter of educationâ€Ś
â€Śto be precise: a matter of global citizen education