THE GLOBAL ART AWARDS AT OIAF14
A TRIBUTE TO ANDY WARHOL
TOP 10 STREET ART MOST POPULAR STREET ART
MARCH 2014 : ISSUE #05
WORLD CONTEMPORARY ART
Oxford International Art Fair paints a picture of success
CONDIGN ART MAGAZINE ISSUE #04
ART EVENTS // INTERVIEWS // REVIEWS // ART MARKET // ART COLLECTORS TIPS & TRICKS
R'DAM INT'L ART FAIR ROTTERDAM INTERNATIONAL ART FAIR 2014 LAURENSKERK 12-13 SEPT. MMXIV
WORLD CONTEMPORARY ART
ISSUE 05 · MARCH · 2014
Oxford International Art Fair Paints a picture of success X
Global Art Awards The Winners X
The reason why francis bacon’s ‘lucian freud’ is worth $142 million
Art News X
by Pablo Picasso X
A Tribute To
Andy Warhol X
INTRODUCTION 007 EXHIBITORS OIAF14 010 TOP 10 STREET ART 024 FEATURED ART GALLERY 026 FEATURED ARTIST 027 GALO ART ARGENTINA 028
O The publishers would like to thank everyone who has contributed to this issue. All featured articles and related images in Condign Art retain copyright. Every effort has been made to reach copyright owners or their representatives.
CONDIGNART (ISSN #05 MARCH 2014, Volume 002, Number 005. Published bi-monthly by Global Art Agency Limited, Oxford, UNITED KINGDOM. All rights reserved. Printed version not yet available. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited. Opinions expressed in articles are those of the author. All rights reserved on entire contents. Advertising enquiries should be directed to email@example.com. Subscriptions are free of charge and available online. When issues become available in hardcopy we will announce on our website. Subscriptions rates will then also be applicable. To get featured in our next issue, go to: www.condignart.com
El Cava se disfruta con moderación
Juvé & Rosé “Tengo gustos simples. Me satiface lo mejor” OSCAR WILDE
Una fam ilia con r aices. www.juveycamps.com
Introduction Issue #005
Welcome to the FIFTH issue of Condign Art Magazine. World Contemporary Art Magazine created for Art lovers, Art enthusiasts, Art collectors, Artists, Galleries, Art organisations and societies. We are very excited to publish in this fifth issue announcing the latest Best Artist Award winners by Global Art Agency at the great Oxford International Art Fair held at the amazing Oxford Town Hall, which was visited by nearly 4000 people. With the winter nearly behind us and the spring ahead of us we are looking forward to some contemporary colourful artworks and have listed the top 10 most populair street art pieces. Enjoy issue #005 Editor @CondignArt
WORLD CONTEMPORARY ART
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ARTWORK BY STEFAN PETRUNOV
Oxford International Art Fair paints a picture of success X
NEARLY 4,000 art-lovers packed Oxford Town Hall for a weekend-long show of global talent. Oxford’s first International Art Fair, pictured, featured work from 150 artists – including many from Oxfordshire. Organisers Joelle Dinnage & Natal Vallvé, inset, said: “It’s the first time Oxford has ever held such an art fair. We were completely overwhelmed by how many people came. It was great.” The event started with an opening preview on Friday night, featuring music and live painting sessions. The fair drew to a close on Sunday afternoon. All of the artwork shown was available to buy, with some coming from artists based in Japan, Russia and India. 2015 OXFORD INTERNATIONAL ART FAIR The Global Art Agency is very excited to already announce the second edition of the “Oxford International Art Fair” for 6th, 7th and 8th February 2015, again at the Oxford Town Hall. This second edition will be bigger and even better, with more rooms and spaces, more artworks for sale, and a special Gallery hall. This three day art extravaganza, is a showcase of modern and contemporary art in the beautiful setting of the city’s atmospheric town hall. Visitors to the event will be able to admire the collections, meet the artists who created them and buy pieces for their home or work place. They will also be able to witness artists at work and add their vote to the Oxford International Art Fair Awards which celebrate the best artists on show at the exhibition.
BBC Cultureshow attented the well-visited art event p. 008
SOURCE: Biennale by Maurizio Bortolotti .And VB. Duran
OXFORD ART FAIR exhibitors
“Loved being a part of the Oxford International Art Fair. Thank you for organising it so well. Sold enough paintings to allay financial worries with London studio rent until the end of the year and more too... I feel greatly encouraged after the show, ... invaluable experience.” – Dawn Reader
“Thank you very much for everything. It was a very well organised event, and what a superb setting! I enjoyed taking part, and was lucky enough to sell 6 pictures Congratulations on the success and the feature by The Culture Show!” – Marina Jijina.
OXFORD ART FAIR exhibitors
“Six sales for me. Met some fantastic new clients and collectors. I will definitely be wanting to show again the next international event.” – Gareth Lloyd
Michelle Elwell Paintings www.printersfingers.com
“An enormous and precious gift for the artist...” - Tatiana Loguinova
â€œThanks for putting on such a good event. I was really impressed with how well organised and advertised it was, the opening night was amazing! I thought it was really good and would love to do it again!â€? - Ant Carver
The Global Art Awards Ceremony at the Oxford International Art Fair 2014. And the winners are... st Prize: “Best Artist Award OIAF 2014”: Andy Wilx 11st
www.andywilx.com nd 2nd Prize: “Best Artist Award OIAF 2014”: Hayley Murphy 2
www.hayleymurphyart.wix.com rd 33rd Prize: “Best Artist Award OIAF 2014”: Liviu Mihai
And with 144 votes by the public: st Prize: “Best GAA Artist Award” Lucas Gabellini-Fava 11st
The GAA Awards Ceremony at the Oxford International Art Fair 2014 was judged by a team of curators, gallery owners, art consultants and art collectors.
OXFORD INTERNA TIONAL ARTFAIR www.oxfordinternationalartfair.com
With Special Thanks to: Kieran Stiles Art Studios. Gareth Lloyd. Joe Thomas. The Queen’s Vice Lord Lieutenant Mr John Harwood.
THE REASON WHY FRANCIS BACON'S 'LUCIAN FREUD' IS WORTH $142 MILLION While the world is scratching its head as it tries to digest the $142 million price tag slapped on Francis Bacon’s “Three Studies of Lucian Freud” at Tuesday night’s post-war and contemporary auction in Christie’s New York headquarters, the writing appears to have been on the wall for quite some time. As the ultrawealthy become even wealthier, the top-end of the art market, along with real estate and other luxury sectors, have experienced an incredible surge as cash is being channeled into alternative investments. Add the rarity of the piece, and the performance of the contemporary art market, and you have the recipe for a global record.
taken the value of Bacon’s triptych from approximately $80 million, where it opened, to a final price of $127 million. After auctioneer Juri Pylkkanen hammered down the piece, the art world was left with a new auction record, with Bacon’s piece dethroning Edvard Munch’s “The Scream,” which sold last year at Sotheby’s for $120 million.
After about six minutes of “fierce” bidding, as a spokesperson for Christie’s put it, several bidders had
Three pieces sold for more than $50 million, with 11 pricing in north of $20 million, with a Jeff Koons and a
The total value of the auction also marked a new record, grossing $691.6 million and leaving in the dust none other than Christie’s’ last blockbuster evening sale held in May which fetched $495 million.
ART NEWS Warhol going for nearly $60 million each. The figures are astronomical, yet that wasn’t unexpected, according to Thomas Galbraith of online auction house Paddle8. “This is consistent with what we’ve been seeing the market doing,” Galbraith explains. “Three Studies of Lucian Freud” won its place as the world’s most expensive artwork given a confluence of factors, from the intrinsic value of the work itself to the state of the market. “Bacon has a relatively small body of work, he wasn’t nearly as prolific as someone like Picasso,” Katherine Markley, artnet’s lead market analyst, said. While there were seven pieces by Andy Warhol up for grabs during Tuesday’s auction, “only 10 Bacon lots have come to auction in 2013,” Markley added. Furthermore, the piece has a sort of intrinsic, yet subjective, value given its importance from an historical perspective. “The subject matter is very important for the Bacon market given the well documented camaraderie and rivalry he had with Lucian Freud,” Galbraith notes. Given the rarity of the piece, the auction house will also feed the PR machine, drawing a crowd of clients and observers that creates a feedback loop that reinforces the importance of the auction and the piece, evidenced by the completely packed room at Christie’s on Tuesday. Another major factor is the wind that has been blowing behind the contemporary market’s sales over the past decade. From total sales of about $850 million
at the expense of the impressionist and modern market, as less and less top-tier pieces come to market. Munch’s “Scream” was one of the major works of the modern and impressionist age, allowing it to become the most valuable auction sale last year, despite the rise of the contemporary market. The final, and possibly most important factor is the rise of the mega-rich. “Since the recession, the wealthy appear to be becoming even wealthier, while middle class wages are more stagnant,” said Galbraith, who notes this is apparent in the art market where the highend is experiencing more activity. “The ultra high net worth and the newly wealthy are looking to get into the art market,” said Markley, who notes contemporary art is accessible and acts well as a status symbol. If the Forbes 400 is any indication, the wealthy are getting wealthier, with the 400 richest Americans now worth a cumulative $2 trillion, up $300 billion from a year ago and with an average net worth of a record $5 billion, an $800 million increase from a year ago. The luxury market is firing on all cylinders, as Manhattan real estate brokers can attest to. This is very clear when one looks at global art markets, particularly at the high end in New York and London, and beyond. Bacon’s record piece is but one more example of this “new era” that many are calling a bubble. Yet, as long as the rich continue to get richer, there doesn’t appear to be any indication this trend will reverse itself. Source: forbes.com / antiquesandartsireland.com
About “Guernica” by Pablo Picasso Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso. It was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces on 26 April 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals, particularly innocent civilians. This work has gained a monumental status, becoming a perpetual reminder of the tragedies of war, an anti-war symbol, and an embodiment of peace. Upon completion, Guernica was displayed around the world in a brief tour, becoming famous and widely acclaimed. This tour helped bring the Spanish Civil War to the world’s attention. Although mention is frequently made of the painting’s “return” to Spain, this is not in fact correct. Guernica was painted in Paris, where it was first exhibited, before being placed in the care of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), as it was Picasso’s express desire that the painting should not be p. 020
delivered to Spain until liberty and democracy had been re-established in the country. On its arrival in Spain, in September 1981, it was first displayed behind bomb-and bullet-proof glass screens at the Casón del Buen Retiro in Madrid in time to celebrate the centenary of Picasso’s birth, October 24. The exhibition was visited by almost a million people in the first year. Guernica was moved to its current permanent location in a purpose-built gallery at the Museo Reina Sofía in 1992. Picasso, who had last visited Spain in 1934 and would never return, was living in Paris, where he had been named Honorary Director-in-Exile of the Prado Museum in 1936. Guernica is grey, black and white, 3.5 meters high and 7.8 meters wide, a mural-size canvas painted in oil. Picasso’s purpose in painting it was to bring the world’s attention to the bombing of the Basque town of Guernica by German bombers, who were supporting the Nationalist forces of Gene-
ART NEWS ral Franco during the Spanish Civil War. Picasso completed the painting by mid-June 1937. Picasso exhibited his mural-size painting at the Spanish display at the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne (Paris International Exposition) in the 1937 World’s Fair in Paris and then at other venues around the world. Interpretations of Guernica vary widely and contradict one another. This extends, for example, to the mural’s two dominant elements: the bull and the horse. Art historian Patricia Failing said, “The bull and the horse are important characters in Spanish culture. Picasso himself certainly used these characters to play many different roles over time. This has made the task of interpreting the specific meaning of the bull and the horse very tough. Their relationship is a kind of ballet that was conceived in a variety of ways throughout Picasso’s career.” When pressed to explain them in Guernica, Picasso said, ...this bull is a bull and this horse is a horse... If you give a meaning to certain things in my paintings it may be very true, but it is not my idea to give this meaning. What ideas and conclusions you have got I obtained too, but instinctively, unconsciously. I make the painting for the painting. I paint the objects for what they are. Guernica is a town in the province of Biscay in Basque Country. During the Spanish Civil War, it was regarded as the northern bastion of the Republican resistance movement and the epicenter of Basque culture, adding to its significance as a target. The Republican forces were made up of assorted factions (Communists, Socialists, Anarchists, to name a few) with wildly differing approaches to government and eventual aims, but a common opposition to the Nationalists. The Nationalists, led by General Francisco Franco, were also factionalized but to a lesser extent. They sought a return to the golden days of Spain, based on law, order, and traditional Catholic family values. At about 16:30 on Monday, 26 April 1937, warplanes of the German Condor Legion, commanded by Colonel Wolfram von Richthofen, bombed Guernica for about two hours. Germany, at this time led by Hitler, had lent material support to the
“...this bull is a bull and this horse is a horse... If you give a meaning to certain things in my paintings it may be very true, but it is not my idea to give this meaning”.
Nationalists and allowed for the evolution of German fighter and bomber doctrines. Later, intense aerial bombardment became a crucial preliminary step in the Blitzkrieg tactic. After the bombing, it was through the work of the Basque and Republican sympathizer and The Times journalist George Steer that propelled this event onto the international scene and brought it to Pablo Picasso’s attention. Steer, who rushed to town, compiled his observations into an article that was published on 28 April in both The Times and The New York Times, and which on the 29th, appeared in L’Humanité, a French Communist daily.
Source: wikipedia / dora maar p. 021
A TRIBUTE TO
w ANDY WARHOL X
Andy Warhol, August 6, 1928 February 22, 1987) American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s.
Andy Warhol was born on August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the fourth child of Andrej Varhola and JĂşlia, whose first child was born in their homeland and died before their move to the U.S. Andy had two older brothers, Paul (born June 26, 1922) and John Warhola (May 31, 1925 â€“ December 24, 2010). As a teenager, Warhol graduated from Schenley High School in 1945. After graduating from high school, his intentions were to study art education at the
University of Pittsburgh in the hope of becoming an art teacher, but his plans changed and he enrolled in the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, where he studied commercial art. In 1949, he moved to New York City and began a career in magazine illustration and advertising. In 1949, he earned a Bachelor of Fine Arts in pictorial design. During the 1950s, Warhol gained fame for his whimsical ink drawings of shoe advertisements. These were done in a loose, blotted-ink style, and figured in some of his earliest showings at the Bodley Gallery in New York. RCA Records hired Warhol, along with another freelance artist, Sid Maurer, to design album covers and promotional materials. Warhol was an early adopter of the silk screen printmaking process as a technique for making paintings. His earliest silkscreening in painting involved hand-drawn images though this soon progressed to the use of photographically derived silkscreening in paintings. Prior to entering the field of fine art, When rendering commercial objects for advertising Warhol devised a technique that resulted in a characteristic image. His imagery used in advertising was often executed by means of applying ink to paper and then blotting the ink while still wet. This was akin to a printmaking process on the most rudimentary scale.
It was during the 1960s that Warhol began to make paintings of iconic American objects such as dollar bills, mushroom clouds, electric chairs, Campbell’s Soup Cans, Coca-Cola bottles, celebrities such as Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Marlon Brando, Troy Donahue, Muhammad Ali, and Elizabeth Taylor, as well as newspaper headlines or photographs of police dogs attacking civil rights protesters. During these years, he founded his studio, “The Factory” and gathered about him a wide range of artists, writers, musicians, and underground celebrities. His work became popular and controversial. On June 3, 1968, radical feminist writer Valerie Solanas shot Warhol and Mario Amaya, art critic and curator, at Warhol’s studio. Before the shooting, Solanas had been a marginal figure in the Factory scene. Earlier on the day of the attack, Solanas had been turned away from the Factory
after asking for the return of a script she had given to Warhol. The script had apparently been misplaced. Warhol had a re-emergence of critical and financial success in the 1980s, partially due to his affiliation and friendships with a number of prolific younger artists, who were dominating the “bull market” of 1980s New York art: Jean-Michel Basquiat, Julian Schnabel, David Salle and other so-called Neo-Expressionists, as well as members of the Transavantgarde movement in Europe, including Francesco Clemente and Enzo Cucchi. Warhol died in New York City at 6:32 am on February 22, 1987. According to news reports, he had been making good recovery from a routine gallbladder surgery at New York Hospital before dying in his sleep from a sudden post-operative cardiac arrhythmia.
Source: wikipedia / wikipaintings
Prior to his diagnosis and operation, Warhol delayed having his recurring gallbladder problems checked, as he was afraid to enter hospitals and see doctors. p. 023
The Most Popular StreeT Art Pieces
With the beginning of 2014, its time to unveil the 10 most popular pieces of the year (based on unique pageviews) on StreetArtNews. 2013’s most notorious event has been Banksy’s month long show in New York City, “Better Out Than In” and to no surprise he ranks #1 this year. So that we are able to feature a variety of artists we’ve grouped the whole of Banksy’s epic October exhibition under the above stencil which was used to announce the 31 pieces that followed, and subsequently became the most viewed piece of the whole year. Another trend is the explosion of Festival commissioned walls and murals created for special events, and the rapid decline of illegal works. To our knowledge, the only illegal piece from this top 10 is coming from Banksy, in contrast to over half of the pieces you’ll see below which were commissioned. However each piece came about, it’s safe to say that 2013 has provided us with some amazing art, and this top 10 certainly makes us look forward to next year. We’ll no doubt see some exciting developments in the continued evolution of the Street Art world.
1. p. 024
Natalia Rak. Poland
Felice Varini. France
Etam Cru. USA
8. Suso33. Spain
Alexis Diaz. UK
Zacharevic. Singapore p. 025
c ART · F E AT U R E D ·
Box Galleries was established by Cordelia de Freitas and Emma Moir in 2012. Currently based in Chelsea, the gallery’s main aim is to provide a platform for talented emerging artists. They represent a variety of different dynamic styles – a range of original, accessible, contemporary art. Their sole focus is to exhibit artists at Art Fairs, pop up shows and offer the opportunity of solo as well as group exhibitions. www.boxgalleries.com
ART EVENT CALENDAR N
MADRID // SPAIN WWW.ART-MADRID.COM
MADRID // SPAIN WWW.JUSTMAD.ES
07-09 - February
OXFORD // UNITED KINGDOM WWW.OXFORDINTERNATIONALARTFAIR.COM
TORONTO // CANADA WWW.THEARTISTPROJECT.COM
OXFORD INTERNATIONAL ART FAIR
THE ARTIST PROJECT
28 February - 02 March
ASIA HOTEL ART FAIR HONG KONG 2014
28 February - 02 March
MADRID // SPAIN WWW.IFEMA.ES/ARCOMADRID
LONDON // UNITED KINGDOM WWW.ARTFAIRSLONDON.COM
MIAMI // UNITED STATES WWW.ART-WYNWOOD.COM
HONG KONG // CHINA WWW.HOTELARTFAIR.BYUS.NET
c ARTIST · F E AT U R E D ·
Kieran Stiles - trained at Falmouth School of Art, and since then has had over 20 solo exhibitions and 30 selected group exhibitions in the UK, including many collections of work held internationally. His exuberant and evocative abstractions of rugged coastland, are expressions of his sense of place. Kieran also owns an art gallery ‘Kieran Stiles Art Studios’ in central Oxford, where he is also known as a passionate and energetic tutor of painting, printmaking and drawing. www.kieranstiles.com
THE ADAA ART SHOW
NEW YORK // UNITED STATES WWW.ARTDEALERS.ORG
SCOPE NEW YORK 2014
NEW YORK // UNITED STATES WWW.SCOPE-ART.COM
NEW YORK // UNITED STATES WWW.VOLTASHOWL.COM
ART FAIR TOKYO
TOKYO // JAPAN WWW.ARTFAIRTOKYO.COM
MAASTRICHT // NETHERLANDS WWW.TEFAF.COM
DUBAI // ARAB EMIRATES WWW.ARTDUBAI.AE
DRAWING NOW PARIS
PARIS // FRANCE WWW.DRAWINGNOWPARIS.COM
PARIS // FRANCE WWW.ARTPARIS.FR
NEW YORK // UNITED STATES WWW.THE ASIAARTFAIR.COM
MILAN // ITALY WWW.MIART.IT
ASIA ART FAIR
www.fineartbyanita.com “My art reflects me; my thoughts, my emotions, my life experience; and is essentially centered and inspired by my fascination with past.I try to stimulate the viewers imagination by touching them through dramatic and poetic creations. I believe that all creative work is essentially autobiographical; everything that we are, feel, our heritage, curiosity, imagination, longing merge into our artwork.”
SERGIO DEL GIUDICE
WWW.SERGIODELGIUDICE.COM.AR MACHO ALFA
ARTISTA AUTODIDACTA, DUEÑOS DE MIS EMOCIONES, SOLO SE PINTAR COMO LO HAGO...
Gallo Art, Argentinia - www.galloart.net Under the pen name “Gallo”, works in paintings and fine arts. His labor reveals a strong personal impression, due to his self-taught technic and the energetic origin of his activity. Liberty and creativity are overwhelmingly proved in his drawings. Born and lives in Buenos Aires. From a working class italian family, he needed to choose and define his own future at early age, and did it by linking his strong emotions. At 16 years old (1986) created “Nosepick”, one of the first skater t-shirts brands in Argentina. Designed and produced by himself, he managed to open his own skateshop 2 years later and reached a well known possition since in the actual scene. Established in the textile industry, and after overcoming an important financial crisis, Gallo takes the art path since
2007. Versatile, finds his own way to the crative process, and does so by creating new characters and illustrating possible relations between them. Rey ki the dog, Bocota (big mouth), El gallo or Pez (fish), are some of the recurrent identities that emphasize his personal style. Nature inspiration, heavy black strokes, a bright and genuine color palette, stand out in his work. This unique story that blends art and industry, is traveled firmly by Gallo with no prejudments. His paintings and objects join together with joy into different boundaries, shining with great vitality.
“This is Love”
R'DAM INT'L ART FAIR ROTTERDAM INTERNATIONAL ART FAIR 2014 LAURENSKERK 12-13 SEPT. MMXIV
Published on Feb 19, 2014
Welcome to the FIFTH issue of Condign Art Magazine. World Contemporary Art Magazine created for Art lovers, Art enthusiasts, Art collectors,...