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OVERVIEW largest suppliers in the pipeline and on-site markets. The Western Cape’s status as an oil and gas hub was enhanced in 2017 with the opening of a new open-access liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) import and storage terminal at Saldanha Bay. A public-private partnership is behind the R1-billion terminal, the largest of its kind in Africa. Investors include Sunrise Energy, the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC), the Public Investment Corporation (PIC) and Royal Bafokeng Holdings.

Oil Cape Town’s oil refinery changed hands in 2018 when Off The Shelf Investments (OTS) completed a $973-million purchase of Chevron’s downstream assets in South Africa. Chevron has been rebranded as Astron, but the Caltex service-station brand has been retained. OTS is the Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) partner of mining giant Glencore, who financed the deal. The refinery in Milnerton produces petrol, diesel, jet fuel and liquefied gas for the Western Cape and for export to other African countries. The Western Cape spends R76-billion annually on crude oil imports and exports refined petroleum to the value of R13.2-billion. Large quantities of oil are transported around the Cape of Good Hope every year: 32.2% of West Africa’s oil and 23.7% of oil emanating from the Middle East. Reduced global prices for oil and troubles in the container ship market has caused some stress in the local sector but the long-term prospects for shipping and oil and gas are still strong enough for national government to pursue Operation Phakisa (which includes a strong maritime economy push) and for Transnet National Ports Authority to spend heavily on upgrading the nation’s ports. The Western Cape Provincial Government reported that in 2016 the oil and gas sector contributed R1.03-billion to the province’s gross value add. More than 7 000 direct jobs were created in the ship and rig repair sector of the oil and gas business in 2015. The Saldanha Bay Industrial Development Zone (SBIDZ) is central to the plan to grow the sector. Large industrial operations already exist at Saldanha and the Port of Saldanha Bay is the portal for the export of South Africa’s iron ore. Staff from the SBIDZ actively sought investors for the zone at

Online Resources National Department of Energy: www.energy.gov.za National Energy Regulator of South Africa: www.nersa.org.za Petroleum Agency South Africa: www.petroleumagencysa.com PetroSA: www.petrosa.co.za South African Oil and Gas Alliance: www.saoga.org.za

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the Africa Oil Week, which was held in Cape Town in 2019. Nine investors, ranging from gas maintenance and repair companies to domestic and foreign oil companies, have already committed to the SBIDZ. The Western Cape Provincial Government and the National Department of Trade, Industry and Competition have so far invested R500-million in the development of core infrastructure at the Saldanha Bay IDZ. The Saldanha Bay IDZ has signed a lease agreement with the Transnet National Ports Authority. The newly constructed Bergun terminal, comprising 12 tanks located on the Eastern Mole of the Port of Cape Town, has added to the port’s fuel storage capacity and is connected by pipeline to the Astron refinery. The Council for Geoscience (CGS) is doing an intensive study of South Africa’s potential shale gas resources. The major economic sectors using gas are the metals sector and the chemical, pulp and paper sector. Brick and glass manufacturers are also big consumers. The regulator and promoter of oil and gas exploration in South Africa is Petroleum Agency South Africa. In addition to adjudicating on coastal fields such as those along the western and eastern coasts of the Western Cape, the agency has awarded coalbedmethane-gas exploration rights in KwaZulu-Natal and natural gas exploration permits in the Free State. ■ WESTERN CAPE BUSINESS 2020

Profile for Global Africa Network

Western Cape Business 2020  

A unique guide to business, investment and tourism in the Western Cape. The 2020 edition of Western Cape Business is the 13th issue of this...

Western Cape Business 2020  

A unique guide to business, investment and tourism in the Western Cape. The 2020 edition of Western Cape Business is the 13th issue of this...

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