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SPECIAL FEATURE and the amount of wine that could be exported was increased from 50-million litres to 100-million litres. Thirteen days later Britain voted to leave the EU. This means that at least two new treaties have to be signed: a SADC-EU treaty that excludes the UK from the provisions and a new SADC-UK treaty. This could present new opportunities for all parties but it does mean that the landscape will be somewhat different. The Western Cape stretches to the north along the Atlantic Ocean about 400km from the provincial capital, Cape Town. The Port of Saldanha Bay lies along this coast; it is intended to become a hub for the maritime repair and oil and gas industries. The eastern boundary is defined by the Bloukrans River, which means that tourism hotspot Plettenberg Bay falls within the Western Cape. Beaufort West on the N1 highway is the biggest town in the north-eastern section of the province. The province is well served with infrastructure such as the N1 and N2 highways, and the N7 which services the West Coast. Three ports at Saldanha Bay, Cape Town and Mossel Bay serve different markets. The Port of Cape Town has recently opened a Cruise Terminal and a large new fuel storage terminal is being constructed in the port. Cape Town International Airport and George Airport see to air travel needs. Cape Town also hosts an oil refinery (Chevref) and a gas-to-liquids refinery at Mossel Bay, which is run by the national oil company, PetroSA. Koeberg nuclear power station is South Africa’s only such power station and there are a further three open-cycle gas turbines and a pumped-water-storage scheme. Wind and solar power are being installed rapidly across the province as South Africa tries to end its dependency on fossil fuels. The population of the Western Cape is also well served by educational institutions including the University of Cape Town, the University of Stellenbosch, the University of the Western Cape and the Cape Peninsula University of Technology. Cape Town has three Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) colleges and there are a further three for the Boland, the Southern Cape and the West Coast, all with multiple campuses. The Cape Town International Convention Centre is the province’s leading facility in the events and WESTERN CAPE BUSINESS 2017

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conference field, and it is undergoing an extension that will lead to its doubling in size. The extension is due to open in 2017. Many hotels have conference facilities and a large number of new hotels are being built, particularly in and around Cape Town. The national parliament is located in Cape Town and there is a separate provincial legislature. The Western Cape is unique among South Africa’s nine provinces in that the Democratic Alliance (DA) runs the province. The African National Congress is the majority party in the national parliament and it controls the other eight provinces. The DA also governs most of the provincial municipalities in the province, including the metropolitan municipality of Cape Town. There are five district municipalities, which are further divided into 24 local municipalities. In 2015, the population of the Western Cape was estimated to be 6.2-million. The official languages of the province are Afrikaans, English and Xhosa. The province has diverse climatic conditions and geographical features. The north-west coastal strip is dry but the valleys inland from the coast support intensive citrus and grape cultivation. The Garden Route regions of the Southern Cape are heavily

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