LE CORBUSIER October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965
Architect, designer, urbanist, writer and painter, famous for being one of the pioneers of what now is called Modern architecture or the International style.
He studied at the La-Chaux-de-Fonds Art School and His architecture teacher in the Art School was the architect René Chapallaz. In Paris found a work in the office of Auguste Perret, the French pioneer of reinforced concrete
In Paris found a work in the office of Auguste Perret, the French pioneer of reinforced concrete
Five points of Architecture 1. Pilotis: Reinforced concrete stilts 2. Free facade: Non-supporting walls 3. Open floor plan: The floor space was free to be configured into rooms without concern for supporting walls. 4. Long strips of ribbon windows: that allow unencumbered views of the large surrounding yard 5. Roof garden: to compensate for the green area consumed by the building and replacing it on the roof
ď‚§ In the period between 1942 and 1948 , Le Corbusier developed what we now know as the Modulor , this is a measurement system in which each quantity is related to the others according to the Golden Section , which measures related to the human body.
The Modulor is applied to both the functional design to the architectural design aesthetic . Using the Modulor , Le Corbusier returned to the old ideal which is to establish a direct relationship between the proportions with the buildings and human beings. The publication of this book was made in 1950 . This book was such a success , later wrote the second Modulor in 1955 . In this second edition , the measures are adapted to the Latin measures , as in the previous Modulor all measures were referred to whites. The place where the Modulor was tested for the first time was in The Housing Unit Marseille. Which was the first home to be designed and built after the Second World War
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FURNITURE In 1918 , Le Corbusier collaborated with artist Amédée Ozenfant developing a new theory of design and architecture. This theory eventually resulted in the definition of the household as a " machine for living " . The design and architecture is simplified , it banished all that was unnecessary and superfluous. He hoped that by improving the design of these machines , it would end the problem that many cities had in the early twentieth century in terms of room. Many of their houses were designed to be built in series , where they took. Although it was never defined as a cubist architect designs buildings and ally with this artistic trend. Rationality showing to make their buildings, also proved to design their furniture, simple lines with a functional basis was the secret of his successful designs The Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris in 1925 , was the final impetus for this magnificent architect , was launched to furniture design . The first furniture was made in collaboration with Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand . The chairs were made in terms of comfort , following anthropometric studies, despite the fact that the designs may seem very straight we are very comfortable.
The first design from Le Corbusier these designers together with LC1 chair was presented in 1928, this chair had a heightadjustable backrest allowing the user to choose the most comfortable position.
If there is a known design of Le Corbusier and his colleagues, is the LC4, better known as Chaise Lounge. It was presented at the Salon d'Automne of 1929 design, although it was designed for the Church House in 1928. This is a purist, radical design, which once recognized that today have become a design classic won.
Contemporary City for three million people , Le Corbusier This is the name Le Corbusier put his project in which he drew the plans and elevations of a hypothetical urban sector, which outlined a clear difference between the architecture of the residential areas and administrative and business center. He was one of the first sketches advocating effective separation of residential and business uses.
the residential area was formed by compact , low height to which they were accustomed in Europe blocks and , on the other hand, in the financial center of the city projected workplaces as skyscrapers square base immersed in a grid verde.4
For those skyscrapers Le Corbusier proposed a standard model of cruciform buildings about two floors, separated about 300 meters apart and surrounded by greenery. I think here about the indiscriminate volumes based on extrusion which in turn allowed , though, to maximize the sunny surface , removing patios and minimal contact with the ground.
he Radiant City is the next step in the planning theory of the Swiss architect Le Corbusier in their own search of the perfect model of functional and efficient city. This article describes the project in its historical context lies and look at the main differences with the Contemporary City for three million , two projects that are often confused and have only done one .
To the north is the area of business, the administrative head of the city. It consists of 14 cruciform skyscrapers, with characteristics similar to those seen in the contemporary city for three million inhabitants . The new plants were 70 and 220 meters and a wingspan of 175 meters. Each was prepared to In the late twenties of the last century the United States had been disturbed accommodate as many as one total of 3,200 workers. their economic development by the Great Depression , the financial system of Germany passed through the sharpest crises in its history and in France the social unrest and political instability were the agenda.
The residential blocks, a 20-storey tower over a pile -like skyscrapers - that allow fluid flow and continuation of life at his feet to street level .
CRITICISMS “Le Corbusier was to architecture what Pol Pot was to social reform” thats what one social commentator said about Le Corbusier.
INFLUENCE Le corbusier´s theories were adopted by the builders of public housing in Western Europe and the United States. He was heavily influenced by problems he saw in industrial cities at the turn of the century
MAJOR BUILDING AND PROJECTS Le corbusier had many many work and project, to mention a few: 1905: villa fallet, la chaux-de-fonds, switzerland 1912:villa jeanneret-perret, la chaux-de-fonds 1908: stotzer house,6, chemin de pouillerel, la chaux-defonds,switzerland
MEMORIALS Le corbusier’s portrait was featured on the 10 Swiss francs banknote, pictured with his distinctive eyeglasses. the following place-names carry his name: Place Le corbusier, paris. Le corbusier Boulevard, laval, canada. Place le corbusier in his hometown. Le corbusier street, buenos aires, argentina. Le corbusier street, quebec canada Le corbusier promenade, a promenade along the water at roquebrune-capmartin