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George Pal George Pal was born on February 4th, 1908, in Cegled, Hungary where he studied at Budapest Academy of Arts in 1928 at the age of 20 to then become a famous animater, who would go on to use puppet models more notably wooden ones and using them for stop motion aniamtion. His work Awards served as an inspiration for the likes of Steven Spielberg and George Lucas, among others. He was inspired by the science fiction genre and would direct and produce animations, such as Puppetoons which are basically wooden puppets and he uses the persistence of vision technique to bring them to life. Some of these where about war propaganda such as Tulips Shall Grow (1942). He was not necessarily inspired by anyone he just liked the idea of using puppets for stop motion, though it was the science fiction genre that influenced him the most. His interest in science fiction led to directing a science fiction propaganda movie War Of The Worlds (1953). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvrYPXFnWA4&list=PLflERHeTQZcZKcmC6qvuTbnGXfzjfXGY6 https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=dHilO8alEiE&list=PLflERHeTQZcZKcmC6qvuTbnGXfzjfXGY6&index=4 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erBzwMDcm8M

Ray Harryhausen Born Raymond Frederick Harryhausen on June 29th, 1920, was an American-British artist, designer, visual effects creator, writer, and producer who was the pioneer of a new form of stop motion animation named dynamation due to the nature of his models being monsters to which he would bring to life. Ray enjoyed using tools like clay in which he would call Claymation, in which he simply created his monster models with clay and animates it with rsther precise nuance.


Ray was inspired by the works of Willis O'Brien who was heavily into the dinosaur realm, which Ray took an interest to, he wanted to do what Willis did with King Kong and make his own kind of monsters, which he accomplished with his most notable film that includes lots of his work Jason and The Argonauts (1963). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pF_Fi7x93PY

Phil Tipett Born in on September 27th,1951 Phil Tipett was an american special effects and creater designer who specialised in stop motion and computer animation and founder of Tipett Studios. He did stop motion for the Star Wars series, Dragon Slayer (1981) Zhang (2011). His works includes The Empire Strikes Back (1980) . In 1975, while working at Cascade Pictures Phil Tippett were hired by George Lucas at Industrial Light & Magic to create a stop-motion miniature chess scene for the original Star Wars film. He created a different sort of stop animation called go motion animation, which incorporates motion blur to each frame for the effect, this type of animation can be found in this clip. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JaBlw1gNWdg

Nick Park (Aardman) Nicholas Wulstan Park, born 6 December 1958 is a British born animater, writer and directer of one of the most influential english clay cartoons Wallace and Grommit which would be the forebearer to other creations such as Creature Comforts (1989), The Wrong Trousers (1993), A Close Shave (1995), and Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005). motion even at the young age of he created his first film Walter the https://www.youtube.com/watch? time_continue=1&v=OKcr9zF4j9M

He loved stop thirteen, when rat.

In later years in 1985 he joined his first company Aardman Animations Ltd. In 1985, he created the famed Wallace and Gromit Claymation shorts about an inventor and his dog which later became Wallace and Grommit. He loved to use clay as it was cheap and easy to mould, and really brought to attention to the making of clay animaters like Adam Shaheen. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=T0qagA4_eVQ


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCOWE0EiCyo

Willis O’Brien Born Willis Harold O'Brien on March 2, 1886 – November 8, 1962, was an American stock motion animator inspired by one of his jobs to guide around palaeontologists which developed his interest to dinosaurs. Willis O’Brien was very influential and would go on to inspire the likes of Ray Harryhausen with his creature model animation. He was the creator of King Kong (1933), which laid the foundation for many more stop motion creature animations to come even impressing Thomas Edison with his early work involving dinosaurs. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQ1DaT7f5lE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIxECLLW41I

Otmar Gutmann Born on the April 24, 1937 - October 13, 1993 was a German animator who lived in Switzerland, worked with clay stop motion animation to create his children’s classic Pingu (1986), that ran from 1986 to 2006. He aimed to make the penguin as childlike as possible, with the characters communicating in an incomprehensible speech to get kids to be interested in the animation and movement of the show which probably lead to kids liking the art from more. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otmar_Gutmann https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sct5j7Quo54

Tim Burton & Henry Selick


Timothy Walter Burton born 25 August 1958, was an American stop motion animator who had an interest into gothic imagery. Before his movies like Beetlejuice (1988), Edward Scissorhands (1990), and later efforts such as Corpse Bride (2005), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007), he made Vincent (1982) his first stop motion short film. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BIS04fIoUGA Burton developed his interest in films such as Jason and the Argonauts (1963) and implemented his own goth twist. He made The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993) with aid of Henry Selick who to this day is upset about the lack of credit he got for the film. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kGiYxCUAhks

Adam Shaheen (Cuppa Coffee) Adam Shaheen born 13th October 1964, is the founder of cuppa coffee studios which specialise in stop motion and computer-generated animation. His stop motion animations resemble that of Nick Parks, but though more crude adult themes. His most notable show is Celebrity Deathmatch which put annoying celebrities to fight to the death. His stop motion animation ranges from Glen Martin DDS, Starveilance, Rock and Steve and Lifes a Zoo Tv and more. https://vimeo.com/36603285 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F-aAUsKN6z8

The Brothers Quay Stephen and Timothy Quay born 17th June 1947, are identical twins who work on almost expressionistic type animation with the use of dolls and puppet parts. The Street Of Crocodiles (1986). Some of their early work are as followed Nocturna Artificialia: Those Who Desire Without End (1979), Punch And Judy: Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy (1980), Ein Brudermord (1980), The Eternal Day Of Michel de Ghelderode (1981) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UIGEjEu0bn4

Stop motion developers  
Stop motion developers  
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