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SYLLABUS I. GENERAL INFORMATION : 1.1 COURSE 1.2 YEAR 1.3 GRADE 1.4 UNITS 1.5 PERIODS PER WEEK 1.6 TEACHER 1.7 COORDINATOR 1.8 PRINCIPAL

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Science 2011 8TH 12 4 GERARDO LĂ ZARO FLORES ENA SALAVERRY Rosa Dalmau

II. THEMES: 1. Introduction Recap of Basic definitions. Life Processes. Origin of Life. Class: Introduction to Biology 2. The Cell Theory Microscopy development. Formulation of the Cell Theory. From prokaryotic to eukaryotic cells. 3. The Cell Membrane Semipermeable barrier. The Fluid Mosaic Model. Components, Functions, and Interactions. 4. Transport across the Plant Cell Membrane Passive and Active: Xylem and Phloem. Osmosis in Plants: Hyper-, Iso-,, Hypotonic solutions. Macro- and Micro- plant nutrients. Water transport: Osmosis and turgency. Xylem and Phloem: Water and glucose transportation, transportati micro- and macronutrients. Hormones in plants. 5. Biomolecules Characteristics, properties and structure of the biomolecules. Carbohydrates (emphasis in glucose), Fats, Proteins and Nucleic Acids. 6. Energy in the Cell Metabolic Pathways. Brief description of Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration. Mitochondrial Components, Functions, and Interactions. 7. Photosynthesis Phases of Photosynthesis: Light and Dark. Discuss and evaluate the importance of the photosynthesis process in connection with cellul cellular respiration and life systems. 8. Production and Intracellular Transport Endocytosis, Exocytosis. Golgi Apparatus. Vesicles in Cells. Functions: Ribosomes, Golgi Apparatus, Vesicles (Endocytosis and Exocytosis). 9.. Circulatory and Respiratory Systems Circulatory culatory System: organs, functions, connections, blood groups. Respiratory System: organs, functions, connections. Pulmonary and Systemic Circulation pathways.


10. Immune and Lymphatic Systems Immune System: components, processes, immune responses (humoral and cellular). Lymphatic System: components, functions, importance. Bone Marrow: functions and importance. 11. Musculo-Skeletal System Skeletal System: Parts, functions and importance. Muscular System: Parts, functions and importance. Muscle Activity: Mechanism of Contraction-Relaxation. 12. Endocrine and Reproductive Systems Endocrine System: Parts, functions and importance. Reproductive System: Parts, functions and importance.

III. EVALUATION: Procedural: Record of progress and development of students’ daily activities. Organizational: Follows ordered patterns to collect and produce information. Cognitive: Learning guides, graphic organizers, weekly activity sheet, summary tables, oral presentations and written tests. Attitudinal: Practice of good study habits, proactivity, class participation, voluntary work.

IV. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Physical Science. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Harcourt. 2005.


8th Grade - Science - Syllabus 2011