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Kesvi^ick,Cumberland.

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COPYRIGHT


The Winterthur Library


TC


Cumberland.

1898 Edition »S,

BROADLtv AtCBlNOTON


Preface

IN

presenting

this, their First

Threlkeld Granite Co. Limited have bringing under the notice of their numerous

Granitic Tiles,

pleasure

Edition of Designs of Ornamental

in

the

customers, and Architects and Surveyors quality of their

support accorded to them

in

the past, for

the high-class

in general,

new manufacture, and hope all

that the very gratifying their materials,

may

be

extended to the Ornamental Department of their paving business.

extending over many years,

After exhaustive experiments,

first

instance perfected on

the Continent, and the Threlkeld Granite Co.

Limited secured the

the manufacture of these

tiles

was

in

the

and adopt the

rights for Great Britain to use the special machinery

means

to ensure the successful

manufacture and fixing of the various

colours.

The

tiles

have been made and used with conspicuous success

and the Company have every becoming known in England, they will be adopted to a considerable extent for the floors and dados of public buildings, hall floors, corridors, and floors in general of

on the Continent generally and

in India,

reason to anticipate that on the

tiles

private houses.

The colours a

full

are at least one-quarter-inch thick, backed up to

thickness of seven-eighth inch thick of pure granite sand and

Portland cement, subjected to a high pressure

which the

tiles

the material thoroughly sound, in the usual of the highest quality.

and

is

way adopted

Being so constructed,

being thoroughly matured proof,

in steel

moulds, after

are immersed in water for a certain period, to render

—

is

the

quite impervious to moisture,

eminently adapted for any class of flooring,

where great durability

is

for a concrete

material

of utmost importance.

— after

is

frost-

— particularly


The the pattern

are manufactured with plain surfaces, and also with

tiles

shewn

mosaic.

in relief in imitation of

Every colour is guaranteed to be permanent, and when Architects necessary if sufficient time is given for the manufacture, and others can have the colours arranged to meet their own taste.

tiles should, if possible, be allowed to they are laid, and in order to meet before weeks four about mature urgent demands the Company keep in stock large quantities of all the designs given herewith.

After manufacture, the

with encaustic tiles and mosaic work these advantage, being about one-third of considerable granitic tiles have even for large designs are there more the cost, and as in no case than four tiles {']]/&" x 7^") to complete a pattern, the cost of laying is In comparison

reduced to a very small item, and the work might be executed by any ordinary workman without fear of failure.

METHOD OF

LAYING.

A solid foundation of Portland cement concrete is laid with an even surface to within \yi" of the finished floor. After this is set, the tile is embedded in a thin layer {l" thick) of cement, mixed with fine

sand

in

equal proportions.

In some cases neat cement may be used, but care should be taken that none of the liquid squeezes up on to the surface of the tile. If such, however, should occur, the surface should be immediately washed with a brush and clean water before the cement has time to set.

Dry sawdust

also cleans well.

may be obtained from the Head Offices of the be pleased to furnish prices and samples as

All information

Company, who

will

required.

Arrangements are being made

for

most of the

full

patterns to

our large cities and towns, and the Managers of the Company will be glad if Architects and others will kindly favour them by inspecting the tiles.

be shewn

in several of

Following the pages of designs

some Company.

interesting

particulars

of

the

in

this

other

book

will

be found

manufactures

of

the


111.

GENERAL INFORMATION. PRICES. — All

quotations will be for

tiles

Railway Station unless otherwise

PACKAGES. — About

40

tiles will

of which will be about

be charged

within

3/-

be packed

in

i^ hundredweight

paid and duly

advised

Telegraphic Address

will

good condition

London

Office

Limited,

Cumberland.

Postal Address

:

" Harkewitz, Threlkeld."

66,

in

Company Kesivick,

&

Cases

each.

14 days.

Threlkeld Granite

65

each case, the weight

each and allowed for on return to Threlkeld

carriage

Station,

carriage paid to nearest

specified.

;

Chancery Lane, W.C.

:

"Keswick, Cumberland."


Digitized by the Internet Archive in

2010 with funding from

Lyrasis IVIembers

and Sloan Foundation

http://www.archive.org/details/albumofornamentaOOthre


Sheet

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

100

102

SIZE 7%

X 77/8.

Co., Lip

I.


Sheet 2

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE

TT&'^ZTt.

Co., Ltp


Sheet 3

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE 7%

-7^/8.

Co., Lip


Sheet

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE 7% -7%.

Co.,

Ltd

4.


Sheet

The Thr ELKEL D Cr ANITE Co., KeswiclCum berlan d.

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Co., Ltd

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Sheet 7

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SIZE 7?^>>7%.

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Ltp


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The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE y/i^y/B.

Co.,

Ltp

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The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland

SIZE

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^7%

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9


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The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE 7% ^7%.

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Keswick, Cumberland.

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Sheet 12

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE

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7"

Co., Ltd


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SIZE

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SIZE 7% -7%,

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Lip

14


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The Threlkeld Granite Keswick. Cumberland.

SIZE

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The Threlkeld Granite

Co., Lip

Keswick, Cumberland.

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The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE Vys'^We.

Co., Lip

17


Sheet 18

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE 7%x7%.

Co., Lip


Sheet

The Threlkeld Granite

Co., Lip

Keswick, Cumberland.

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7;

7%,

145

19


Sheet 20

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE 7% ^7%.

Co., Ltd


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The Threlkeld Granite

Co..

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Keswick, Cumberlan d.

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Sheet 22

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Keswick, Cumberland.

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SIZE

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Sheet23

The Threlkeld Granite Keswick, Cumberland.

SIZE 7%><7%.

Co., Lip


Sheet

The Threlkeld Granite

Co..

Lip

Keswick, Cumberland. BORDERS

144

146

>C^|)0< 136

/V^a^nAA.'

138

148

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m

^m

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158

160

162

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161

163

24-


Granite and Granite-Concrete

Departments.

^N "

addition to the foregoing", the

Company have

of years been highly successful in

'

JM^

of granite steps and

quantities

g'ravel,

sand,

and

blocks,

&c.

for

,

masonry,

sea

walls.

character of the business will be readily inferred that

ever

since

granite

and

from

despatched

in

year

the

the

1878

over

1897,

quarry

the

100,000

in

1893

number larg'e

macadam,

The progressive when we mention then

total

being

The quarry

tons.

gfranite

output, which

gone on steadily increasing, the

has

278 tons,

for a great

manufacture of

the

is

stood

amount

at

of

65,456 tons, well provided

with siding accommodation, and also with tramways, crushing plant, etc.

The

latter includes a duplicate set of

two large stone breakers, and a

sisting of

capacity for the production of as

Customers may consequently

ment of orders

;

and even

in

works

daily. fulfil-

factorily

as 500 tons of

the event of one set of machinery failing

employment

afford

with combined

on the prompt and punctual

or being stopped for repairs, the other

the

roller mill,

macadam

much

rely

machinery, each set con-

to

is

always available. Altogether

some 300 hands.

After having satis-

proved the superior quality of the Threlkeld granite as a

material for setts and

macadam,

the

Company

very naturally

came

to

the conclusion that no better rock could be secured for the purposes

of

making

artificial stone,

and as some preliminary experiments

direction

were productive of highly gratifying

in

to lay

results,

it

in this

was decided,

down

a large

granite concrete flags,

window

landings, and the

This department has developed amazingly, and

1893,

like.

modern plant for the manufacture of sills, window heads, mullions, steps,

since the date mentioned the flags have been adopted in connection

with several important works. P.,

and the

L.

&

N.

lliat for higli-class

W. and

Notably

in the stations of the C.

other railway companies.

It is

K.

&

claimed

quality and durability the Threlkeld granite concrete


Unlike many natural stones which decomflag's cannot be surpassed pose or decay with age, they actually increase in hardness as time progresses. They are very much more durable than asphalte, perfectly non-slippery, and as compared with three-inch York flags g'ranite concrete flags exhibit marked advantages as has been abundantly demonstrated by many carefully conducted trials, the results of one of which (a rubbing test), as reported by a well-known London surveyor to his vestry, we give below. ;

No.

Thickness before being rubbed First hour ... Second hour Third hour ... Total wear

It

in

three hours ••

thus be seen that the

will

"wear"

one-sixth of an inch less than that of their favour

No.

I

flag.

flag.

flag.

H

24^

2i

224

2.I4

2/a

2l 2L

2^8

2^8

2

2l.

2l

2

Concrete Concrete

.2.S

49

Jg

^24

2:8

^

4I

of the concrete flags

York

stone.

which they minimise the absorption of moisture paralleled degree,

the total

A

is

exactly

further point in

by virtue of

to an altogether un-

absorption after seven days' immersion

As

being less than two per cent. impervious to the effects of

3

Concrete

flag.

to be found in their exceptional density,

is

No.

2

York

a consequence they are entirely

frost.

GRANITE CONCRETE FLAGS. The Granite Concrete Flags for footways, etc. are manufactured at the Company's works under the strictest supervision. The granite used is the same as that which has given universal satisfaction as macadam, paving setts, kerbing, etc. and earned a reputation ,

second to none for used

is

its

non-slippery nature

— and

the Portland cement

of a special quality, and subjected to the highest tests by the

Company's manager before being

The

flags are accurately

used.

moulded, and need no hand-dressing

flags,

The edges are more even than any other description of and when laid they form a beautiful and even footway. Being

made

in fixed sizes

waste

in

whatever.

stone.

cutting

;

they are easily and cheaply

laid,

and there

is

no

but when necessary the flag can be cut like ordinary


â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Every flag sent

out,

as

and,

is

thoroughly tested and seasoned before being

many thousands

of yards are always maturing,

customers may rely on a speedy delivery of large orders.

DIMENSIONS OF FLAGS. In

Ft.

In.

3

o

X

2

O

9 6

X

2

Q

2

X

2

O

2

3

X

2

O

2

o

X

2

O

2

Ft.

6

X

2

O

o

X

2

6

X

I

2

6

Ft

In.

2

6

^t.

In,

4

o

X

2

o

3

6

X

2

o

o

X

2

o

2

6

X

2

o

2

o

X

2

o

It will

by

full

2i','.-in.

2V2-in.

thickness.

thick.

be noted that the flags manufactured by us are about

more than those made by other makers, which increases the strength of the Threlkeld granite concrete flags at three-sixteenths of an inch

least 2o per cent, over others.

These

flags

have a bearing capacity equal to any

3-in.

natural

stone flags.

Advantages over York and other Natural Stone Flags. Granite concrete flags have the following advantages

York and other

stone, viz.

over

:

They are more durable. Never wear slippery. The material is of the same hardness throughout, thus ensuring uniformity of wear.

They

No

are of even thickness.

dressing of joints fectly square.

is

necessary as the edges are per-


1

4

No

laminations or scalini^s.

Cheaper to lay. Thoroughly impervious to frost, and damp proot. Owing' to the great absorptive powers of many York and other flags, the stone has a tendency to laminate under severe frost by the expansion of the moisture becoming frozen, causing the stone to disintegrate.

To

give an idea ot the strength of a flag 2^-in. 2-ft. was placed thus

ness, one 2-ft. by

Having

:

full in

thick-

bearing on two sides only, and was weighted with iron

i-in.

blocks distributed over its surface, the flag sustaining a total weight of 20%-cvjt. without breaking. 2-ft.

— 10 Super.

I-ft.

Yards Flags

2"/i,.-in.

——

10-in

thick weigh

8

,,

,,

2>^-in.

40

,,

,,

27i(;-in.

,,

32

,,

,,

2^-in.

,,

i

ton.

,,

METHOD OF

make

a small truck load (4 tons) ,,

,,

,,

LAYING.

Prepare a good, well consolidated bed, with a top layer of fine, dry material, and on this spread a thin layer of

ashes or other soft

mortar.

If

attention

is

paid

to

a

these particulars

granite

concrete lootway will last a century.

Some

districts

where Threlkeld Flags are

laid.

Threlkeld Granite Concrete Flags have been laid with conAtherton, spicuous success in the following cities and towns, viz. Belfast, Bootle, Bowness, Blackpool, Birkenshaw, Carlisle, Cockermouth, Chorley, Chester, Dalton, Garston, Golborne, Gomersal, Horwich, Horsforth, Haydock, Ince-in-Makerfield, Keswick, Keighley, :

Leeds, Liverpool, Leigh, Maryport, Ormskirk. Preston, Pemberton, Roundhay and Seacroft, Southport, St. Bees, Sheffield, Swansea, Skelmersdale, Sale, Sandal Magna, Ulverston, Warrington, Wallasey, Wolverhampton, Wakefield, Wigan, and Whitehaven.

Kendal,

Penritii,


Threlkeld Syenitic Granite as a Road Material.

The Threlkeld granite has been practically used and tested for the last twenty years in the shape of Paving- Stones, Macadam, Kerbing, and Channelling by the following local authorities and public companies

:

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Accrington

&

Arlecton

Frizington

Burnley Blackburn Blackpool Bolton

Harrogate

North Bierly

Halifax

Huddersfield

Nelson Otley

Hindley

Padiham

Horwich Handsworth

Preston Pontefract Penrith

Bury Bacup

Keswick

Bradford

Kendal

Rochdale Rothwell

Birstal

Lytham

Ramsbottom

Batley Clayton-le-Moors Cleator Moor

Liverpool

Rishton

Leeds Lancaster

Sheffield

Colne Chorley

L &

Keighley

N.

Southport

W. Railway

Todmorden

Co.

& Y. Railway Co. Leyland Hundred Malton Middleton Midland Railway Co. Manchester M. & C. Railway Milnrow Newcastle-on-Tyne North-Eastern RailwayCo. L.

Carlisle

Cockermouth C. K. & P Railway Cumberland County Council

Denholme Darwen Doncaster

Farnworth

And

a large

number

Whitehaven

Wigan Walton-le-Dale

Whittingham C. Asylum Westmoreland C. Council Wuerdale and Wardle York

of other local authorities

too

numerous

Welsh

and public bodies

to mention.

Nine tons of Threlkeld granite tons of Whinstone or

Turton Tyldesley Ulverston

will

cover as

much area

as ten

and when comparing our prices against limestone, please bear in mind that limestone will have to be laid on three or four times, whereas granite only laid once will last the same time, and consequently there will be four tons of limestone to be carted on, for one ton of granite, and three or four times more labour would be required to scrape off and cart away the extra quantity of dirt made by the limestone.

We

granite,

may add generally that whilst some granites are represented as having a higher specific gravity than the Threlkeld rock, long experience has proved conclusively that the hardness of a stone has very little to do with its specific gravity. Thus quartz flint, Whinstone, Guernsey


granite and trap rock are the hardest and at the of road metals.

In

biUty to such metal

fine, is

same time

the weakest

the quahty which gives strength and dura-

toughness and not hardness, and the former

quality can be found in rocks with either high or low specific g'ravitv.

may

It

be safely said that the Threlkeld granite has no superior

in

point of toughness, and this fact has been over and over again proved

by the behaviour of macadam and setts subjected to the ever varying conditions of exposure to frost, sun, and water, under heavy wear and Other granites may be quoted at tear in busy cities and main roads. lower figures, but we have no hesitation in asserting that on trial thev Most of the Welsh granites, to will be found to be very inferior. cite an instance, are large grained and of little cohesion, and such granites allow the action of the rain to soak right through them, setting up disintegration of the stone at once. Hence it comes to pass that some country roads after rain become so unaccountably muddy. In the long run, a good syenitic granite, even at a seemingly high cost, represents the beau /If/^c?/ of cheapness. Toughness, as well as hardness, is absolutely essential in a suitable macadam, and these qualities are, as we have seen, embodied to perfection in the Threlkeld granite.

Crushing Resistance of the different kinds of Stone used for Roads, as Macadam and Setts. Crnahed at lb.

pressure

on one sqr, inch of

Crushed at tons pressure on one square inch of stone.

of

tons on one square

Name

County in which the Quarry is situated.

of Qu.irry.

foot.

Btone.

Lbs.

Pressure

Tons. Cwts. Qrs.

Lbs.

Tons.

20

2,052

Threlkeld

Cumberland

1,228

Markfield

Leicestershire

5

1.128

Mountsorrel

Leicestershire

1

26

970

Guernsey

...

Isle of

2

15

Dalbeattie

...

Kirkcudbrightshire

31,912

14

4

3

19,096

8

10

2

17,532

7

16

2

15,062

6

14

14,071

6

5

13,440

6

Newry

Ireland

5

857

Skipton Light

Yorkshire

805

Skipton Dark Brown

Yorkshire

13,325 13.523

5

18 11

3 3

25

Tested at The Grove, Southwark, London, E.C

,

Guernsey

by David Kikkaldy.


â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 7

The above

shows the crushing resistance of the eight

table

leading' qualities of stone used

West Riding

or paving setts, and for resisting

granite

The

granite. its

power from

is,

durability,

ance,

in

the North-East of Lancashire and

of Yorkshire for road making, in the shape of

you

will see that the

and

;

addition,

in

nature,

its

macadam

Threlkeld stands at the head

as a paving sett the Threlkeld

less slippery

than

any other known

Leicestershire granite has a well-known reputation for

and as the Threlkeld granite has more crushing

resist-

undoubtedly superior to the Leicestershire granite, and

it is

is of

a less slippery nature.

Twenty Years' Output. Threlkeld

granite

now

has

been

before

practical

Road

Surveyors and Eminent Engineers for over twenty years, and that the material

is

appreciated as a road metal

which shows the output

table,

is

for the last

proved by the following

twenty years

Year

1878

1879

1880

1881

1882

Tons

278

2534

3747

4354

8709

Year

1883

1884

1885

1886

1887

Tons

12018

12480

7556

16250

18727

Year

1888

1889

1890

1891

1892

Tons

23068

29964

29210

40173

52000

While the output

And

,,

These figures

will

for 1893

1894

reached about

80000

M

1895

M

1897

,,

66000 Tons.

over

is

far

more preferable

,,

90000

,,

100000

,,

prove that the practical use of the Threlkeld

granite has stood the test, and that the practical tear

:

that any scientific test.

trial

of

wear and


Areas Covered by One Ton of Stone Granite Kerb

Granite Paving Setts.

Area

Size

X 4" X 5" X 6" X 7" X 6"

cubes X 5" X 6" X 7"

cubes X 6"

7g-

To

Size.

ton will cover.

Width

Depth.

ID ID

6"

5

4i

the following sizes.

Kerb dressed.

Flat

square yards

:

Broken Granite.

Stones.

About

Width. Depth.

cubes

i

——

4

12

32

12

Granite

Macadam 2'4-m. gauge.

i^-in.

lump or cob hand breaking.

Granite, in for

4 10

15

5i 4i

Granite,

hand broken,

2j^-in.

Edge Kerb Width.

4

Depth.

6"

3i

8"

X X X

8"

X

1

6"

4i 4

gauge.

dressed. I

o"

I

o"

I

o"

Granite, rough lumps for building purposes.

Granite Gravel,

2"

for

^^-i"^- g^ug^i garden drives and park roads.

Circular Kerb of any of these sizes.

Dressed

Granite, crushed 53-in. gauge,

Randoms

for

garden walks and

concrete purposes.

Refuge Stones.

Randoms

Granite Steps for Stations, etc

,

etc.

Granite Sand, for mortar half the quantity of lime will

Granite Masonry of

all

do

for

this,

and

makes as good mortar as of ordinary sand.

descriptions.

One sequently

if

cubic yard of broken granite weighs about i8-cwt., conlaid 4" thick, will

All enquiries

cover nine square yards.

have careful and prompt attention

if

addressed

as below.

Threlkeld Granite

Co.

(H. Harkewifz,

Limited,

Managing Director.)

Kesvuicky Telegraphic Address

"Harkewitz,

Cumberland.

:

threlkeld." London

Office:

65 and 66,

CHANCERY LANE, W.C.


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