CROW‘S NEST THOMAS SCHULTE GROUP NEWS
DECEMBER 2013 ISSUE _ excellent results of operations _ energy Saving Simple and eﬀective _ oﬀshore Sierra leone
Welcome to another winter edition of the Crow’s Nest. It’s the festive season and it is of some comfort to notice that the downward trend of the industry has seemingly come to an end. The bulk markets have shown remarkable signs of recovery and the container markets are moving sideways for the time being, with prices for second hand tonnage and new builds already on the rise. Whilst this is nothing (not yet ...) to write home about, the year 2013 has been a very active one for the Thomas Schulte Group. Most noteworthy are the results of an Independent Business Review carried out this year. It conﬁrms that the Thomas Schulte Group is a highly efficient manager that has outperformed its peer group with substantial savings on the Opex cost, whilst operating under an elaborate quality management system. Considering the fact that the peer group disposes over substantially larger ﬂeets it also puts an end to the myth the efficiency is merely a result of scale. It is a result of a business philosophy carried out by a highly proﬁcient team of professionals. Concurrently we have continued to put into place measures that aim to increase the competitive edge of the fleet under management. The percentage of employment coverage of the ﬂeet seems to indicate that our efforts are paying off. I would like to express my sincere dedication to the entire crew on board the ﬂeet as well as our staff ashore, for their continuous support and valued input and wish all a Merry Christmas time and a happy and prosperous new year.
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excellent results of operations
Stowage and lashing optimised
energy Saving Simple and eﬀective
turning eco trends into eﬃciency gains – Part 2
Medical emergency on the high Seas
waste heat recovery Pioneered
Newsticker: 13th Sfo Meeting, ilo labour Standards, New Crewing Software
oﬀshore Sierra leone
Small Mistake, Big impact
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inDepenDenT BUSineSS ReVieW â€“ eXCeLLenT ReSULTS OF OpeRATiOnS Boston Consulting group analysis of global shipping companies highlights the outstanding performance of reederei thomas Schulte.
Boston Consulting Group conducted an independent re-
the Reederei Thomas Schulte has always endeavoured to
search study in summer 2013, in order to enable potential
offer a broad range of services and to provide the best
customers to make an objective comparison of the mari-
possible service to its clients.
time services provided. Benchmarking, based on data for 2012, shows the costs of container and dry bulk ships,
With much effort and over a longer period of time Boston
managed by various large German shipping companies
Consulting Group investigated specific data of all the
and some of the large international shipping liners, such
vessels managed by the Reederei Thomas Schulte, such
as A.P. Moeller Maersk, CMA CGM and NOL.
as service life, range, structure of the crew, wages costs, specific insurances and the relevant premiums. Boston
We have been working for many years as a ship manager
Consulting Group also looked in detail at the costs of ship
for its own vessels as well as for the fleet in third-party
maintenance, lubrication oil consumption, engine operating
management. As a service provider in the maritime sector,
hours and many other parameters.
EXCELLENT RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Individual data was obtained by the technical department
The pursued philosophy of keeping vessel operating costs
and the accounts department and aggregated in accor-
below the market average over the long term, yielded
dance with international standards. To do this, Boston
savings of approximately EUR 14 million in total in 2012 in
Consulting Group teams of up to five people were on-site
overall terms of the managed fleet. The Thomas Schulte
Group ensures an optimised relation between low costs
The data was evaluated and analysed in relation to the
and consistent quality management.
service range, in order to establish a precise performance comparison as well as a cost and quality check, and to
Apart from the vessel operating costs, Boston Consul-
identify potential savings and areas for improvement.
ting Group also conducted a detailed analysis of the time charter contracts. It revealed that the time charter
The analysis showed outstanding results. In almost all of
employment ratio of the fleet under management exceeds
the segments Reederei Thomas Schulte was below the
the international average by up to seven percent. Ships
average costs of other shipping companies by up to 30 %,
managed by Reederei Thomas Schulte not only operate at
in particular for the 2,500 TEU to 4,250 TEU container
a lower cost per day but are also enjoy a higher ratio of
ships, forming the backbone of the fleet.
employment, and are hence more profitable than ships of many other international shipping operators.
Furthermore the study shows very clearly that the cost conscious management is not done at the sacrifice of
Reederei Thomas Schulte achieved its own ambitious
quality. Reports of independent surveyors, who visited a
objective of consistently providing excellent and cost-
large number of the vessels and certified a good condition,
effective services in ship management.
reinforce the positive result. The Opex review revealed substantiated savings of the fleet under management by the Reederei Thomas Schulte. We are therefore in a position to outperform other shipping companies respectively managers. The study also clearly reveals that synergy effects arising from only a large fleet are limited.
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STOWAge AnD LAShing OpTiMiSeD reederei thomas Schulte has set up a pilot project with the aim of creating optimal stowage and lashing rules for containers on board the ﬂeet vessels. the subject is part of an ongoing process of continuous, comprehensive product development in order to optimise the ships in terms of management, technology and equipment.
The new project will enhance the ﬂexibility of cargo loading operations and stowage, allowing the vessels to carry a
Stowage means the placement of containers on deck
greater amount of heavy cargo and leveraging the economy
or in the hold, ensuring safety for ship, crew and cargo.
of scale, so that the ships will be more attractive to cus-
Among other parameters, the total permitted weight per
tomers from all sectors of worldwide industries and trade. In
square metre on the deck and per stack in the hold has to
a first step, three sister vessels are currently being analysed
be considered carefully, as this determinates the actual
in terms of their potential for alignment with the most
maximum weight of a container. Lightweight containers
efficient stowage and lashing rules. The focus is on creating
are positioned in the upper zone of the container stacks,
flexibility for deck container stowage with more tiers and
while heavy ones are placed in the lower tiers in order to
higher stack loads in the cargo hold below deck for 20-foot
keep the centre of gravity low.
containers, boosting the capacity utilisation of the vessel.
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The Container Terminal Altenwerder in Hamburg, Germany is one of the most modern worldwide container handling facilities
STOWAGE AND LASHING OPTIMISED
Lashing refers to all activities with the goal of minimizing
more flexible rules will be scrutinised in detail in order to
shifting of containers and the equipment used to ﬁx and secure
determine the specific needs and capabilities of the ship.
the units. Twistlocks, turnbuckles or lashing bars prevent the
A specific lashing computer would be installed. The crew
containers from unintentional movement on deck which, in a
continuously rechecks and compares the presumed forces
worst-case scenario of heavy weather conditions may lead to
acting on the containers to the real-time data while un-
them being lost overboard. Both stowage and lashing depend
derway. Taken together, all these measures can contribute
on acceleration forces acting on the units. These acceleration
substantially to enhancing the safety of the vessel; thus, the
forces can be generated by the movement of the ship or by ex-
new approach has gained acceptance among the insurers.
ternal forces such as wind and waves. immediate Benefits These are exactly the starting points where new stowage and lashing rules can act on. The shipping industry has traditionally set up rules and layouts for vessel lashing systems based on the requirements of the stormy North Atlantic. Therefore, the resultant stowage potential for other routes less affected by high wave and wind loads is not fully utilised. By combining long-term, statistical wave data with advanced computations and by considering current market developments, the class society Germanischer Lloyd SE has implemented Route Speciﬁc Container Stowage rules for sea lanes that have weather conditions that are more favourable.
* Greater flexibility to stow heavier containers in higher positions * Significant increase of in-hold stack weight of 20-foot stowage * Larger nominal capacity at the outer stacks and in a further tier on top * More efficient planning – i.e. better consideration of short notice requests * More efficient loading – i.e. fewer movements of the gantry crane * Boost in profits due to the option to load more laden containers per voyage
Long-term studies show that the weather and wave conditions in other areas can place up to 18 % less stress on the
In a challenging market with new, highly efficient ves-
container stacks than is usual in the North Atlantic. The find-
sels, priority is given to enhancing the performance of the
ing has led to a reduction of the necessary safety margin
existing fleet. By selecting the new stowage and lashing
in ten selected and highly frequented routes, ranging from
rules, Reederei Thomas Schulte opts for maximum space
Asia-Europe via the Suez Canal and the Pacific-Atlantic via
use on the ships and for overall high utilisation rates,
the Panama Canal. According to the safety-first principle
meeting the competitive challenge of the latest transport
on every vessel, a containership applying for the new,
technology developments in the market.
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eneRgY SAVing SiMpLe AnD eFFeCTiVe A funnel cover reduces boiler fuel consumption in port by cutting the airflow in the exhaust funnel. Covering the exhaust funnel outlet while in port has proven to be a further rewarding step towards enhancing efficiency.
The Crowâ€˜s Nest 13
ENERGY SAVING SIMPLE AND EFFECTIVE
In port or at anchorage, the main machine is switched off and
water to the ambient air. Consequently, energy is lost, leading
now steam is produced by means of an oil burner instead of
to an undesirable quick cooling process. Covering the upper
the exhaust heat from the main engine. However, part of the
end of the funnel stops the airﬂow and reduces convection
steam energy escapes from the boiler via the heat exchanger by
signiﬁcantly. Assuming no steam consumption, maintaining
convection into the funnel, accelerated by airﬂow inside. A tight
an average boiler at operating pressure with an appropriate
cover for the funnel is needed to stop the ﬂow.
temperature, would require about 0.8 tons of diesel oil per day. When the airﬂow in the exhaust funnel is eliminated, losses can
Recent calculations and trials reveal the potential to save 0.5
be reduced to save this quantity of costly fuel almost entirely.
to 1.0 tons of fuel per day for boiler operation, or possibly even more, if the energy is not being wasted into the air during the
The funnel cover consists of a heat resistant, strong material,
vessel’s port or anchor times. Assuming the main engine is
tightened to a steel skeleton. It weighs about 10 to 15 kg and
stopped for an average of about one third of the operational
can be easily hoisted up to the funnel top, placed in position
time of a ship this may add up to 100 tons of fuel per year.
and secured. Installation takes about 30 minutes, while re-
Overpressure in the engine and continuous air exchanges cause
moval takes only 15 minutes. The Thomas Schulte Group is in
air to ﬂow through the exhaust funnel at approximately three
the progress of introducing this simple and efficient method of
meters per second while the main engine is turned off. The re-
energy saving across its ﬂeet. Consumption ﬁgures for ships
sult is an elevated heat exchange via convection from the boiler
using the device clearly prove the beneﬁts of the practice.
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TURNING ECO TRENDS INTO EFFICIENCY GAINS
TURning eCO TRenDS inTO eFFiCienCY gAinS – pART 2 increasingly restrictive international rules and regulations are strong catalysts for
new ideas about energy saving on board. the thomas Schulte group continuously analyses markets and forecasts, the fleet and potential opportunities to obtain efficiency gains arising from eco-friendly upgrades and outfits.
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The Crow’s Nest Summer Edition 2013 displayed a sum-
higher fuel consumption. Nevertheless, low load tuning
mary of the most important factors and promising trends
is a good option for retrofitting if electronically con-
regarding basic ship design and hydrodynamics. This
trolled main engines are in use. Conventional engines do
edition covers cutting-edge cost and emissions saving
not yield the same benefit if adapted by modifying the
camshaft. The procedure is far more difficult and costly compared to an electronic engine.
Ship Design Green Propulsion
A more drastic adaptation to slow steaming is Turbo-
Equal in importance to hull and propeller design, the
charger (TC) cut out on the main engine. Up to now, TC
main machinery equipment selection and tuning must
cutout has been tested for short periods of time on test
be based on the vessel’s operational profile. Many design
engines only; no long-term experience is available. As a
aspects have to be taken into consideration. For example,
clear forerunner in the industry, Reederei Thomas Schulte
the latest G-type main engines by MAN feature very low
will install TC cutout on board the shortly to be delivered
specific fuel oil consumption due to long strokes and low
newbuilding NOBEL MATAR in order to investigate all
revolutions. In order to benefit from this, the propeller di-
potential advantages of the technology.
ameter has to be increased and the stern draft and design need to be adapted accordingly.
The TC cut out lowers main-engine fuel-oil consumption and improves performance during low-load operation.
Electronically controlled main engines (ME or RT flex)
Most test engines were equipped with at least two and
have become standard for newly built vessels and yield
sometimes three TCs to provide combustion air to the
many benefits, especially for slow steaming. Most im-
engine. At low loads, TCs and the main engine operate
portantly, their fuel oil consumption at low loads can be
inefficiently. Below 40–50 % engine load, auxiliary (aux)
slightly reduced compared to conventional camshaft con-
blowers must be run so that sufficient air is supplied to
trolled engines. A lower amount of soot is emitted while
the engine. If one TC is blind flanged, the remaining one
slow steaming and the engine can be operated at lower
and the main engine simultaneously operate far more
revolutions per minute (rpm) than older types. Electronic
efficiently at low loads so that the aux blowers are re-
main engines can be optimized for different loads. During
quired less frequently, consuming less fuel generated
slow steaming, the engines are tuned to lower speeds,
power. The modification further reduces the overall fuel
so that they run about 2 %–4 % more efficient at loads
consumption of the vessel.
below 75–80 %, with the drawback, of course, of slightly
LNG tanks and equipment on a 3,100-TEU-Container vessel MAN Diesel & Turbo systems for NOx Tier III compliance
NO reduction with Selective
NO prevention with Exhaust Gas Recirculation and
Catalyst Reduction and Urea Supply System
Water Treatment system
A significant drawback, however, comes from load limits.
the use of an automatic flap in the exhaust gas line. The
With two TCs the main engine can be run up to about
approach of Reederei Thomas Schulte will benefit from
60% only and with three TCs up to about 75 %. After per-
all available results and will help to further develop this
forming a TC cut out by fixed blind flanging, which is the
cheapest solution, the reconnection would take several hours during calm weather conditions and can only be
Cut Down Emissions
performed by a very experienced crew.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is heading towards further reductions in sulfur emissions in 2015 in
Sudden heavy weather and all possible cases of emer-
sulphur oxide (SOx) Emission Control Areas or SECAs. The
gency must be precluded because power for fast reaction
use of fuel with more than 0,1 % of sulphur will be pro-
is limited. Please see Weather Routing below. A more
hibited in European SECAs, including the Baltic and the
sophisiticated, but also much more expensive solution is
North Sea and the English Channel. Globally, ships will
The Crow‘s Nest
have to cut the sulphur content of fuel to a maximum of
is the option of a Dual Fuel Engine, e.g. the ME-GI type,
3.5 % in 2012 and to 0.5 % in 2020. Nitrogen oxide (NOx)
which is available from all major engine makers already,
emissions have to comply with the current IMO Tier II lim-
but the concept has so far only been introduced in a few
its and will have to fall below the Tier III limits by 2016
cases. The first dual fuel container vessel will be delivered
or 2021, depending on adoption by the 66th Session of
by the end of 2015. Existing main engines are suitable to
the Marine Environment Protection Committee in 2014.
be retrofitted for use of gas and diesel oil use, however,
All vessels of the Thomas Schulte Fleet are equipped to
there are two strong arguments against this. First, the
run on low sulfur heavy fuel or, as currently required in
installation of the appropriate tanks for the transporta-
Californian waters and in European ports, on Marine Gas
tion of pressurized and at -162 °C (-260 °F) extremely cold
Oil (MGO) with almost no sulfur content. More stringent
LNG requires considerable efforts regarding investments.
rules will require more frequent use of MGO at a price of 30–60 % above Heavy-Fuel-Oil (HFO). The role of cost-
The double walled tanks and further auxiliary systems for
saving and energy efficiency measures is becoming increas-
gas handling are space demanding and lead to a signifi-
ingly important. Several options are conceivable.
cant loss of cargo capacity. For the time being, the biggest drawback is the lack of filling stations providing LNG. Gas
Scrubbers are implemented to clean or filter sulfur from
propulsion is therefore limited to short sea traffic, e.g. in
the exhaust gas. However, scrubbers entail a number of
the Baltic and Scandinavia, where small and large-scale
disadvantages. Depending on the type of scrubber, residue
LNG terminals are either existent or under consideration.
such as contaminated water or scrubber sludge lead to
Special global trades with dedicated infrastructure or
disposal problems. Together with other assumptions like
available LNG tankers will take years to establish.
investment costs these factors mean that the use of scrubbers is reduced to selected applications only.
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) is the most promising technology for reducing NOx emissions. Part of the main
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) propulsion is the best
engine exhaust gas is not led through the turbocharger but
option for SOx and NOx removal but still is technology’s
cleaned and fed back into the combustion air of the engine.
future in commercial shipping. Presently, LNG serves for
power-generation on board several LNG tankers. The boil
Technology reducing NOx emissions always yields the
off gas that is generated during the regular process of
unfortunate side-effect of increasing fuel consumption.
warming of the LNG during transport is the perfect pre-
EGR increments fuel usage of the engine by 1–3 %. The
requisite for LNG propulsion. For non LNG-vessels there
system enlarges the size of the main engine by 20–30 %
Supervising the construction on-site Guangzhou Wenchong Shipyard
System diagram of economizer installation
The Crowâ€˜s Nest
and requires further peripheral equipment for handling
different services featuring many tools on the market.
the water used to wash the exhaust gas. Despite the huge
The success of the tool is largely dependent on the qual-
investment and slightly higher fuel consumption costs,
ity of the weather data in terms of reliability, but both
the EGR appears to be the most suitable way to comply
the quantity of data points available in the area and the
with Tier III regulations.
quantity of data sets available per day play also a significant role.
Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR) as an exhaust aftertreatment system uses a reducing agent to split the
Weather routing needs close cooperation with the char-
pollutant NOx into nitrogen and water vapour, neither of
terer, which we take for granted in order to achieve the
which are harmful to the environment. A urea-water so-
best operational results. In many cases, it is much more
lution is sprayed into the engine exhaust gas upstream of
efficient to sail a slightly longer track to avoid strong, fuel
the SCR catalytic converter. SCR is capable of eliminating
consuming headwinds. Together with the charterer the
up to 90 % of NOx produced during diesel engine com-
most beneficial course can be agreed.
bustion as a secondary NOx reduction measure. It nevertheless requires even more space and more consumables.
Ocean Shipmanagement and North Star Marine Consultants closely monitor the latest trends to keep the fleet at
Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) recovers heat from hot ex-
the forefront of the ecological and economical develop-
haust gas in the main and auxiliary engines and trans-
ment. There are many more ideas for improving propul-
forms the energy to power the entire heat supply system
sion efficiency, such as silicone paint, sharkskin coating,
for the ship. Reederei Thomas Schulte is Pioneering Waste
lotus leaf effect or air lubrication bubbles under the hull
Heat Recovery; please see page 26 of this edition.
to reduce friction. Many have been tested on the high seas in individual cases, some in model scale only. Once
a promising option appears, the Thomas Schulte Group is
Operational systems such as Trim Optimization or Shaft
ready to retrofit and to upgrade the sailing fleet in order
Power Meters have been used successfully on board the
to further improve productivity and competitiveness.
Thomas Schulte fleet vessels for quite a long time. Fuel consumption has reduced significantly, while non-stop monitoring of shipsâ€™ performance continues. Weather Routing is another valuable tool for reducing fuel consumption. Many weather-consulting companies offer
MeDiCAL eMeRgenCY On The high SeAS it was Saturday night when container ship CMa CgM roSe ex Clara Schulte triggered an emergency call. the vessel was en route from Melbourne, australia, to ensenada, Mexico, in the vast expanses of the Pacific ocean, when the Master made a request for urgent medical assistance.
He called the Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service
ified all information about the physical condition of the
Medico (TMAS Germany), Cuxhaven, a worldwide medical
patient such as control of pulse rate, blood pressure and
hotline for direct and immediate radio emergency medi-
body temperature. The TMAS specialists need to know
cal advice. TMAS specialists are experienced in diagnosing
numerous details for a sound telediagnosis, such as
cases using symptom descriptions by crew-members.
whether the patient has been taking other remedies and what they are, whether he smokes or consumes alcohol,
The shipâ€™s Master is responsible for medical treatment at
his family history and previous surgeries or injuries. For-
sea and provided TMAS with the most important facts
tunately, apart from the acute symptoms, the patient
and information immediately: the Chief Officer of CMA
showed a good health status. The Master recommended
CGM ROSE was suffering from spasmodic pain in the
a first diagnosis: Acute Appendicitis or Cholecystitis. The
abdominal area, nausea and vomiting. The Master spec-
TMAS Germany physician took the quick decision that the
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sick Chief Officer should see a doctor as soon as possible.
Manning Regulations of the STCW Convention. It was
Exceeding the STCW regulations requiring one crewmem-
almost impossible to find a relieving Chief Officer on va-
ber per ship, all Masters and Chief Officers on board of
cation, who would be ready to join CMA CGM ROSE during
all Reederei Thomas Schulte vessels are well trained in
a short stop over for the sick Chief Officer to leave. Health
medical care. In accordance with the medical emergency
comes first: the decision was clear. The only option was
requirements of the group technical manager Ocean Ship-
to request an exemption from the vesselâ€™s flag State. Less
management, the Master immediately sent all necessary
than 24 hours after the emergency call was made, the
information to each responsible division of the group.
Liberian Flag State Administration granted a certificate of exemption, which was forwarded to CMA CGM ROSE
The urgent question was how to arrange for a physician
promptly, allowing her to sail without a Chief Officer to
immediately somewhere in the Pacific Ocean, seven days
the next port of Ensenada, Mexico.
and 12 hours away from the destination port of Ensenada. To turn the ship round and sail all the way back to
The crew managers of Reederei Thomas Schulte reacted
Australia or New Zealand would have taken too much
quickly, appointing an agent in Tahiti who would arrange
time as well. There was only one option: in order to save
for the sick Chief Officer to be picked up directly after
the Chief Officerâ€™s life and to relieve his pain as quickly as
arrival and to be taken to a doctor.
possible, CMA CGM ROSE had to call at the small Pacific island of Tahiti, one day and 6 hours away. Papeete is the only international port in French Polynesia and is equipped with three berthing positions with a maximum quay length of 450 meters for cargo liners and container ships. Most importantly, the port provides medical facilities. With the prospect of imminent medical help for the sick Chief Officer, the crew breathed a sigh of relief. However, due to this solution the ship had a new problem in terms of safe manning. An Appendicitis would force the Chief Officer to travel home from Papeete, provided he was
able to fly. A commercial ship is not allowed to sail with-
CMA CGM ROSE ex Clara Schulte en route from Melbourne,
out a Chief Officer on board, as per the Minimum Safe
Australia to Ensenada, Mexico
At the same time, the flight for the relieving officer had to be booked, all documents and certificates for his journey to be arranged within only seven days until the ship would depart from Ensenada. Finally, a port agent in Mexico was appointed. No sooner said than done: CMA CGM ROSE deviated her course to the island of Tahiti. Upon the arrival of CMA CGM ROSE in Papeete, the local agent was already waiting on the pier. The Chief Officer disembarked, accompanied by the shipâ€™s medical crew, and was immediately taken to the next doctor. As soon as the medical crew was back onboard, the ship set sail again. CMA CGM ROSE arrived in Ensenada with a delay of less than two days. In port, the replacement Chief Officer was already waiting. The crewing department had arranged for a Mexican agent to pick him up at Tijuana airport, take him to a hotel in Ensenada and then
Deviating the ship from its intended voyage to Tahiti
transport him directly to the ship upon arrival. After regular loading and discharging operations in Ensenada, CMA CGM ROSE continued her circuit with a full crew on board and called all her next ports on time. Perfect cooperation between crew management, all involved Reederei Thomas Schulte departments and all responsible external authorities, such as the Liberian Flag State Administration and P&I insurance, allowed for fast and effective action. In the meantime, the surgery had been successful and the Chief Officer was on the mend. Today he is sailing again onboard a ship in the Thomas Schulte fleet.
The Port of Papeete is the main port of French Polynesia, situated on the Island of Tahiti
The Crowâ€˜s Nest 25
WASTE HEAT RECOVERY
WASTe heAT ReCOVeRY piOneeReD Reederei Thomas Schulte will install the exhaust gas economizer stateof-the-art technology on board the shortly to be delivered 3,421-TeUnewbuilding nOBLe MATAR at the guangzhou Wenchong Shipyard. The group is introducing another green instrument putting
how does it work today?
both pollution control and efficiency first. Improvement
Ship engines are powered by heavy fuel oil (HFO), which
of the Energy Efficiency Design Index, EEDI, for new ships
is a high viscosity matter. At a temperature of 20 °Celsius,
and efficiency enhancement of the sailing fleet is indis-
HFO is viscous or solid, like asphalt, and obviously suited
pensable in order to stay competitive on the market.
to be pumped through the fuel system when liquefied only. However, liquefaction needs heating up to a flow
Major boiler-manufacturers have developed a small Ex-
temperature of 70 °Celsius, while the injection temper-
haust Gas Economizer, designed for waste heat recovery
ature is even significantly higher. To keep the HFO liquid,
from auxiliary engines, which significantly reduces the oil
hot steam passes though the pipes in the ship’s tank and
consumption of the oil-fired boiler. The kit is installed in
maintains the fuel at the required temperature. The nec-
the process flow of the auxiliary exhaust system, genera-
essary steam is produced in the exhaust gas boiler of the
ting a steam-water mixture from the heat of the exhaust
main engine, which usually is a composite boiler, com-
gas. The mixture is fed into the boiler system, increasing
bining an exhaust gas chamber and a fuel fired burner
the temperature of the entire system.
chamber. It is possible to split the system with one ex-
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haust gas boiler and an independent oil fired boiler.
surroundings, however, is the same as throwing money
Like a household device providing a hot-water supply
away. Why not use the energy of the auxiliary engine
powered by electricity or natural gas, ships use the hot
exhaust gas as a renewable resource as well? The newly
exhaust gas from the main engine to produce hot steam,
developed efficient Exhaust Gas Economizer technology
or by using the burner fired by fuel oil at anchor or in
utilizes the waste heat from the auxiliary engines and is
harbour.Current market conditions require slow steaming
suitable to fill the energy gap on board originating from
or super slow steaming down to 10â€‰%, generating a lower
slow and super slow steaming.
heat energy output when underway. It stands to reason that the amount and the temperature of the main engine
Exhaust Gas Economizer technology
exhaust gas is much lower than at design speed, where
Reederei Thomas Schulte will install economizers into the
the engine is on 75â€“85â€‰% load.
exhaust gas system of two out of four auxiliary engines on board the newly built NOBLE MATAR, to be interconnected
The energy gap must be filled by the burner, which needs
to the steam system, providing a steam-water mixture
to be used more frequently to heat up the system. In har-
for the system. This will lead to a significant reduction
bour where the main engine is switched off, the burner is
of burner usage during slow steaming and in harbour or
responsible for the steam production with fuel consump-
tion of up to five tons per day. How can this be achieved? Imagine bringing cold water Reducing fuel consumption of the burner
to the boil. This will take much longer and consume much
Boilers have been in use for decades in the way of the
more energy than starting with hot water, which would
main engine exhaust line; however, they were never im-
boil faster. Less energy would be necessary to reach the
plemented into the auxiliary engines exhaust gas system.
needed temperature. Exploiting exhaust heat energy from the auxiliary engines increases the temperature in the
Auxiliary engines run a generator to provide the ship with
steam system and reduces the working hours of the burner.
sufficient electric energy for the entire equipment and
Currently, one of the most overriding concerns is to reduce
especially to power the reefer containers on board con-
the fuel consumption of the fleet. Using an energy resource
tainer ships. As a result of slow steaming, generators are
that was wasted up to now improves the operational pro-
frequently running during sailing, at anchor or in harbour
file of any vessel. Exhaust Gas Economizer technology helps
at a certain load producing electric energy and exhaust gas.
to decrease overall fuel consumption significantly.
Wasting hot exhaust gas by losing it to the ambient
Installing an Exhaust Gas Economizer
Constructing and putting the economizer in the right
The technology is tried and tested, but installing it on
place and position is a challenging job. On board NOBLE
existing vessels can be problematic and expensive. Even
MATAR, two economizers will be implemented, using the
on new vessels, the investment, together with the con-
exhaust gas of the no. 1 and the no. 3 auxiliary engines.
siderable maintenance costs, is a very expensive option.
This cutting edge technology will reduce the vesselâ€™s fuel
Considering possible savings of up to five tons fuel per
consumption and emissions. Reederei Thomas Schulte
day, however, it will pay off.
is bringing a new efficient, green and attractive cellular vessel to a highly competitive container ship market.
An Exhaust Gas Economizer is a heavy, space-consuming piece of equipment weighing up to seven tons. Prior to installation, design, data and calculations have to be considered and processed. Engineers have to find sufficient space in the funnel area, calculate the installation of the foundations, provide for additional piping for water and steam and adjust the drawings.
NOBLE MATAR at Guangzhou Wenchong Shipyard
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neWSTiCKeR *** 10th CoMPaNY aNNiVerSarY We are very proud to announce the 10th company anniversary of Mrs. Beate Seidenkranz of TWS Chartering and Mr. Mathias Fehrmann of the Fond Department. Both of them started their career in the former company office in Hamburg, Parkstrasse. We wish to thank them for their commitment to the Thomas Schulte Group. Congratulations! *** MlC â€“ MiSSioN aCCoMPliSheD Reederei Thomas Schulte has certified all vessels as per the new Maritime Labour Convention (MLC), matching the legal deadline exactly. The International Labour Organisation Convention defines minimum labour standards for seafarers onboard of seagoing vessels. Reederei Thomas Schulte started the certification process of the fleet well in time after a documentary review. All vessels passed the required on board inspection smoothly, confirming the continuous compliance with high standards.
*** New Crewing Software Schulte Crew Management is a new subsidiary to further broaden the Thomas Schulte Group scope of competencies. The entrepreneurial company assumes combined and comprehensive crew management activities for the fleet under management vessels. *** 13th Senior Fleet Officer Meeting From 12th to 14th November 2013 thirty top-4-officers accepted the invitation of Reederei Thomas Schulte and attended the annual company meeting in Hamburg. New issues regarding quality, safety, environmental, technical and crewing matters, among others, were discussed extensively. Various workshops, such as ECDIS training, were offered and many opportunities for information exchanges provided. The meeting was successfully completed, encouraging all participants to further optimise the management system and strengthen communications comprehensively.
The Maritime Labour Convention entered into force on Top-4-officers addressed further improvement measures August 20th, 2013
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OFFSHORE SIERRA LEONE
OFFShORe SieRRA LeOne exports of iron Ore Soar
in 2012, Sierra leone once again became a major exporter of iron ore after a period of more than 30 years. exports originated in Marampa, a mine in central Sierra leone. Marampa is operated by the london Mining Company ltd., one of a few large mining companies pushing the industry and the gross Domestic Product of the country.
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The Marampa mine is located in the interior, 120 km from Freetown on the African west coast
transfer to large oceangoing vessels. There are two offshore export terminals close to Freeport. Seagoing vessels do not need to enter the port of Pepel. The transhipment installations are located here, one within the inner anchorage and the other further outside. A big floating offshore transhipment platform is geared to discharge cargo from the large river barges. The barges come alongside the offshore terminal, which is capable to load huge quantities per London Mining acquired domestic haul roads and doubled
day into the oceangoing vessels using closed conveyor belt
its export volumes in the first half of 2013. After the 1970s,
loading devices. Loading operations are powerful and are
outdated processing technology and years of civil war pre-
extremely flexible. The barges exceed the usual dimensions
vented the redevelopment of iron ore mining. Now, mod-
of common inland waterway vessel capacities and are not
ern conveyor techniques and strong global demand have
self-propelled. They are specifically designed for the sole
brought about a change. As Marampa is located 120 km
purpose of shifting bulk cargo from the river port facilities
from Freetown on the African west coast, the commodity
of sheltered coastal waters onto large vessels at anchor.
has to travel quite a long distance before being exported and shipped to various destinations.
Control of Moisture Content Iron ore sinter feed grade A tends to liquefy if a specific
Multi Modal Haulage to the Coast
moisture content is exceeded, turning the cargo into a
The extracted iron ore is transported to seagoing vessels
flowing slurry. In order to prevent this potentially dan-
in two steps. The mine is connected to the Thofeyim River
gerous process during transit, all consignments are care-
Terminal, which has an open-air storage place via a 40 km
fully covered by tarpaulins. While being stored on the
road. Thofeyim is a distribution centre from where the
barges, moisture is constantly measured and is certified
goods can be shipped by means of inland water vessels,
before loading operations onto the ocean vessel. During
as well as by other forms of transport. In the second step,
the rainy season, additional, detailed control of the cargo’s
the iron ore has to travel to Pepel at the estuary of the river,
condition is required. Cargo on Reederei Thomas Schulte
where cargo is moved from inland watercrafts onto the
vessels is continually checked to ensure that international
big barges, which have an immense capacity for the final
moisture limits for safe transport are not exceeded.
DORIAN SCHULTE taking over cargo at sea
Cargo inside the barge is prepared for transfer into DORIAN SCHULTE
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SMALL MiSTAKe, Big iMpACT The emergency response team was called after a crane driver attempted to shift a tank-container filled with olefin sulphide onto a truck and failed. During discharging operations of LiSA SChULTe at the port of houston, Texas the container collided with the trailer causing a tank valve rupture.
SMALL MISTAkE, BIG IMPACT
Olefin sulphide is toxic if inhaled. The dangerous cargo leaked out on the pier next to the ship. The stevedores alerted the port emergency response brigades immediately, arriving on scene quickly within 10 minutes. Dangerous cargoes for many industrial purposes are continuously shipped by container ships around the globe. The harm potential for health is often significantly high, so that uncontrollable reactions have to be prevented by all means along the transport chain. Packing and stowage of the cargoes is strictly regulated to ensure appropriate isolation according to the hazardous chemical, physical or biological character of the substance. However, handling dangerous goods containers during loading and discharging from the ship is a particularly delicate task. The protective packaging must not be damaged. The area on the pier near LISA SCHULTE was cordoned off. All persons were evacuated. The shipâ€™s crew found safe shelter inside the accommodation, shutting down the external ventilation. A shore emergency response team with chemical protection suits and breathing protection absorbed the spilt cargo later on and filled it into another tank. The whole area was cleaned up. Only after a careful check of the atmosphere, was the place confirmed to be safe. Regular operations continued. Thanks to the quick and efficient intervention of the crew and shore personnel, exposure to poisonous fumes was avoided and fortunately no one was injured.
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Argo Marine Capital Zürich haus Domstraße 17 20095 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 10 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
TWS CHARTERING & SHIPBROKING Zürich haus Domstraße 17 20095 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 40 e-mail: email@example.com
Schulte Crew Management Zürich haus Domstraße 17 20095 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 10 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
OCEAN Shipmanagement Zürich haus Domstraße 17 20095 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 50 e-mail: email@example.com
North Star Marine Consultants Zürich haus Domstraße 17 20095 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 10 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published by Reederei Thomas Schulte GmbH & Co. KG Zürich haus Domstraße 17 20095 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 10 e-mail: oﬃce@schulteship.de www.schulteship.de Contact: Viviane weiland e-mail: oﬃce@schulteship.de Phone: +49.40.81 99 43 28 Design/Layout: glasmeyer Branding gmbh rothenbaumchaussee 163 20149 hamburg – germany Phone: +49.40.423 123 45 e-mail: email@example.com www.glasmeyer-branding.de
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