Jim Crow Laws Read about how the Jim Crow acts started, how they enforced segregation in the South, and how they treated African Americans. Pages 1-2 http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Ri1QR2I- cYw/T0uMObe69SI/AAAAAAAAAMs/-UZJrZBJW5s/s1600/Jim-crow-laws.jpg
By: Greta Jorgenson
By: Greta Jorgenson
History of Jim Crow - Jim Crow laws have an interesting background. The name Jim Crow comes from a play that white men used to perform. The civil war had just ended, and the white southerners were aggravated that former black slaves were now freed. To show their anger they would dress up like black men and do stupid things. The name of the character was Jim Crow. The creator and performer of this act was named Thomas Dartmouth. The white people loved this, and started being more against the African Americans. Jim Crow Laws- The Jim Crow laws are laws that enforced segregation and encourage discrimination. They were named after the act of Jim Crow. The laws were technically legal, because the southerners found loopholes in the laws. They gave blacks the right to do everything that the whites could, they were just separated. They used the quote “separate but equal.” The problem was that the things the whites got to use were a lot nicer, and the blacks were often stuck with the white people’s old used things. The term “separate but not equal” was then often quoted by African Americans.
There were many laws and rules that the Blacks had to follow. Some of the rules include: Black men cannot shake hands with white men, both races are not allowed to dine together, blacks should show no affection in public, and both races should be separated. If caught breaking any of these laws, the African Americans may have to go to jail. These laws were enforced from the year of 1877 to the mid-1960s.
Plessy VS. Ferguson- The Plessy VS. Ferguson court verdict was the main start of segregation. One day a black man decided to ride on a white train car. When they tried to kick him out he said he was now free, so that meant he had the right to ride the train. Later in court he was told that he did have the right to ride the train, but he had to sit in the black car. After hearing the verdict, signs went up everywhere separating the races. During segregation, there was a black entrance and a white entrance, a black diner and a white diner. The Jim Crow laws made this legal, and gave police the right to arrest a black man for going into a white’s only place. The areas for blacks were almost always older and more run down than the places for whites.
Riots- The African Americans got tired of being treated this way and would often protest. They would protest in several different ways. Some of these ways included sit ins, speeches, standing in the street with signs, and boycotts. All ages would participate in
these acts. Many became deadly, and a lot of African Americans went to jail or were charged. There are several memorable protests, such as Rosa Park on the bus, the bus boycott, and the speech that ended the Jim Crow laws- Martian Luther’s “I had a dream.”
This woman is standing on either a sidewalk or
After Jim Crow-
the street. She is getting
After Jim Crow laws and segregation, she doesn’t believe in the Jim African Americans Crow laws or segregation. still suffered a lot. Whites would not hire them for a job and would try to make their lives miserable. It took many years for the African Americans to be viewed as a citizen and as equal as a her point across that
white. In current day many different races live in American and they are mostly viewed as equal. Most people are fully accepting of the different cultures, but sadly, some individuals still view them as a lower class. Compared to how the different races were treated a hundred years ago, America is much more accepting current day.
African Americans and whites working together.