B3 : Mi'ga'on and adapta'on : research and new economic models. Patrizia Lombardi, POLITECNICO DI TORINO
District Informa:on Modelling and Management for Energy Reduc:on
• Transition towards post carbon city is a societal process
and requires a socio-economic transformation of our 200 years old fossil fuel based society.
Low carbon society has to be considered as a process by nature that it is not the mere result of inten'onal ac'ons but the product of the interac'on of mul'ple intended and unintended elements (opera'onal, cogni've and pre-‐cogni've processes), all deﬁning complex “societal processes” Secure energy system Socially acceptable energy system
LOW-‐CARBON ENERGY SYSTEM DoW (EU M(MILESECURE-2050 ILESECURE-‐2050 project)
Biogas from waste, Peccioli
Results from EU MILESECURE-2050 projects shows that transition toward post carbon cities and regions has already taken place Ò Overall databases:
Energy Island, Samso
1500 anticipatory experiences (AEs)
Ò Check: 440 AEs Ò Deep Analysis: 90 AEs Ò Different sectors (energy production, mobility, housing, services and industry)
Eva Lanxmeer, Culemborg
City of cyclists, Copenhagen
THE NEW TRANSFORMATION Socio economic revolution
Derk Loorbach, 2014
• External governance and financial instruments (E) help bottom-up initiatives
scale to a regional or national level.
• Need to create governance environments and financial instruments to spread
local-scale best practices in energy transformation.
• Social, political movement and grassroots factors (S) is a foundation for smooth energy transition. • Policy action should focus on S. (Citizens’ orientation to change, engagement in movements and projects at the local level, willingness to pay in part for initiatives)
• Behaviour change and transformation in the Personal dimension (P) are
prerequisites for the measurable success of transition.
• Policies need to support paradigm change and new values rather than technology
(MILESECURE-2050 WP3) (MILESECURE-2050 WP3
Role of research to accelerate this transition: â€˘â€Ż Human factor is the most relevant axe to this transition.
Relevance of E-S-P factors over time
communities action research open-source innovation incentives y c a action research r oc m e education/ exhortation d d subsidies e innovation v information l interest group funding o self regulation inv
technocracy / social engineering
Citizens, local communities and grass-root initiatives are to be empowered, first, by enabling them to take control of their projects and of their energy consumption at large, and second, by including them in the governance cycle as a source of knowledge and learning, and as a recipient of what is learned.
advisory committees tendering market creation scientific advice, consultancy brokering standards political debate
command&control resolutions, MDGs
Governance requires permanent learning. We need to develope new learning approaches based on resilience thinking which involves exploring interacting hierarchies of nested systems. It is related to short, medium, long-term perspectives
Chelleri and Olazabal (2012) Chelleri and Olazabal (2012)
Thanks 4 Ur a attention & questions! This study has received support by the European Commission (FP7SSH-2012-2- 320169)
Patrizia Lombardi Head of Interuniversity Regonal &Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino