“Improvements in or relating to Music Recording Devices.”. * Patent Specification No. 295,468 (Application date: June 10, 1927. Complete Accepted: August 16, 1928), “Improvements in and relating to a Combination of Musical Instruments Electrically Operated by Means of Keyboard and Pedals.”.
U.S.A. Patents * Patent Specification No. 1622364 (Patented March 29, 1927), “Combined Electric Pianoforte and Organ.”. * Patent Specification No. 1637674 (Patented August 2, 1927), “Electric Musical Recorder.”. * Patent Specification No. 1620711 (Patented March 15, 1927), “Perforating Apparatus.”. Now let’s see what machines and devices are described in the five British Patents listed as those described in the three U.S. Patents are equal to the British ones.28 I subdivide these five British Patents in two distinct branches: machine to record the music as it is performed; innovative devices for operation and interconnection of pipe organs.
Machines used to record the music while it is performed The first patent to consider is the Patent Specification No. 219.148, “Improvements in or Relating to Music Recording Devices.” (Figure 18), which is essentially an improvement and development of the Automusicograph device previously seen (Figures 2, 3 and 4), patented in England in 1909.29 In this patent the device for automatically recording music played on a key operated musical instrument has an electro-mechanical operation, while the previous Automusicograph of 1909 had a purely mechanical operation. This invention relates to an electrical device for automatically recording music played on a key operated musical instrument for instance a pianoforte of the type in which each key of the instrument actuates on being depressed a small rod which closes an electric circuit operating a marker which produces by means of an inked ribbon a mark upon a travelling paper band corresponding to the note played; an electrically operated device also being provided to mark upon the same paper the metre or time beats. […….] the recording of the music upon the paper band is effected by closing the electric circuit of a solenoid which is adapted to raise its core to actuate a double armed lever carrying a marking disc which by means of an inked ribbon produces a mark upon the said band and in which a pedal operated device is provided to actuate through a system of levers, a band arranged below the inking ribbon and having embossed thereon the numbers of the metronome, and to control the closing of an electric circuit to indicate the metre upon the said paper band.
Figure 18. (Above left) Part of the electric music recorder for recording the notes as applied for instance to a pianoforte. (Above right) Device for feeding the paper band on which the music is recorded and for actuating the device indicating the metre, also the paper band itself. Patent Specification No. 219,148 (Application date: June 22, 1923. Complete Accepted: July 24, 1924), “Improvements in or relating to Music Recording Devices.”.
The second patent is the Patent Specification No. 223.842, “Improvements in or Relating to Music Recording Devices.” (Figure 19), which describes the Autoperforator device, we have already seen above in Figure 11. This invention relates to a device for use with key operated musical instruments which effects the automatic perforation of a paper band while a musical piece is played on the instrument so that when the band thus perforated is used in combination with automatic musical instruments, the exact reproduction of the music originally played may be attained and particularly refers to apparatus of the type comprising a number of solenoids each electrically connected to a corresponding key of the musical instrument and adapted to operate a corresponding perforating punch when a key is depressed.
Figure 19. (Above left) Diagrammatic vertical sectional view of the Autoperforator. (Above right) Portion of a tune sheet as reproduced by Autoperforator. Patent Specification No. 223,842 (Application date: June 22, 1923. Complete Accepted: October 22, 1924), “Improvements in or relating to Music Recording Devices.”.
These two patents, named in the Memorandum and Articles of Association of “Barbieri Organs (Great Britain) Limited”, are inherent to recording devices of perforated cardboard rolls, widely used in Italy by SABBAEM to record the performances of the great Masters organists, and then realize copies for sale for use on its Automatic Organs. I can assume that Don Angelo Barbieri had planned, if its pipe organs had broken through the Great Britain market, to then market also its Auto-organs.
AMICA Bulletin - Nov/Dec 2013
Published on Jun 10, 2014