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Issue # 710

March 15th-21st 2018

Published and distributed by Alimon Publishing, LLC - www.tidbitswyoming.com - tidbits@tidbitswyoming.com - 307-473-8661

In This Issue: • Wheatland, WY- Page 2 • Glenrock, WY – Page 2 • Puzzle Answers- Page 3 • Douglas, WY - Page 3 • Marketplace - Page 4 • Home and Garden – Page 5 • Classifieds – Page 8

What do you call 2,000 pounds of Chinese soup? Won ton! TIDBITS TAKES ®

Odd Measurements

Janet Spencer Throughout history, humans have come up with all sorts of ways of measuring things. Here are some lesser-known facts about units of measure. HORSES, REINDEER, and DOGS • James Watt, who invented the steam engine, originated the measurement of horsepower. Horsepower is equal to a horse at walking speed, equal to about 750 watts. When a horse is sprinting, it’s generating up to 15 horsepower. A human being can generate about 0.1 horsepower, while a small engine can create 10 horsepower, and a jet engine comes in at about 1,000 horsepower. Europeans call horsepower “pferdestarke” which is German for “horse strength.” • A Finnish measurement known as “poronkusema” is the distance a reindeer can walk without having to urinate. If you’re a Finnish reindeer herder, this is important, because a reindeer has to stop walking in order to pee. The phrase comes from the Finnish words “poron” meaning “reindeer” and “kusema” meaning “peed by.” It’s equal to about 4.5 miles, or 7.5 km. • Another Finnish measurement is the “peninkulma” defined as the distance a dog can be heard barking, from the words “penin” meaning “dog” and “kuuluma” meaning “to be heard.” It equals 6.5 miles (10.5 km).

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GLENROCK, WYOMING

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I-25, Exit 160 & 165

get up and walk away for a few minutes. She may eventually get the message.

Paw’s Corner

Send your pet care tips, questions or comments to ask@pawscorner.com. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.

by Sam Mazzotta

When Your Cat Cares a Little Too Much DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I had animals all my life until my wife and dog died seven years ago. I got a cat two years ago when a neighbor moved. Last year, another neighbor gave us her cat after having a baby. The two cats -both fixed females -- got along fine from start. What’s curious is, one jumps up on my bed every night and walks up to my face. When I put my hand out to pat her, she starts licking my arm, wrist to elbow, with her sandpaper tongue! Seems she is checking that I have not deserted her! Do I taste that good? What’s so tempting about my arm? -- Dr. William H.,

WHEATLAND, WYOMING

Central Falls, Rhode Island DEAR DR. WILLIAM: You may taste pretty good to your cat, but I think you’re on the right track when you say she seems to be checking that you have not deserted her. Many experts believe that cats groom their housemates -- both felines and humans -- as a way of showing they accept you as family, that they trust you and that they are caring for you. Sometimes excessive licking is a sign that a cat wants more attention. It can also be a sign of anxiety or stress. However, that seems unlikely since your cat does this routinely and seems calm. So the only question that remains is: Does it annoy you? If so, try gently redirecting the cat from your arm, maybe to snuggle against your shoulder. If it’s really annoying or she doesn’t stop after a few redirects,

I-25 Exit 78 & 80 early in the week. But prompt medical attention soon eases everyone’s concerns. Enjoy an artsfilled weekend. CAPRICORN (December 22 to January 19) As much as you might resent it, a changing situation could require you to adjust your plans accordingly. The good news: An associate agrees to cooperate. AQUARIUS (January 20 to February 18) That old problem is finally resolved, just in time for you to take on a new work-related project. This one could be the super door-opener you’ve been looking for. PISCES (February 19 to March 20) The early part of the week presents some difficult hurdles. But once you get over them, you can start to focus on matters that are more important to you. BORN THIS WEEK: You are respected for your honesty and your dedication to doing the right thing, no matter how difficult that might be.

ARIES (March 21 to April 19) Congratulations, Lamb. This is the week to finish your project and then bask in your well-earned approval. (And if you like, you also can say “bah” to all those detractors.) TAURUS (April 20 to May 20) The bold Bovine could find a new opportunity too intriguing to be ignored. But don’t charge into it. Go slowly so you see how things develop as you get more involved. GEMINI (May 21 to June 20) You might try to soften your stand on that important issue. A little more flexibility actually could get you what you’re looking for. A new friend enters the picture midweek. CANCER (June 21 to July 22) Your inner voice is on the mark when it advises you to tackle that family problem now! The sooner you’re able to come to terms with it, the better it will be for everyone. LEO (July 23 to August 22) Someone reveals important news about a longtime associate. But before you decide how to deal with this information, make sure it’s reliable, and not simply self-serving. VIRGO (August 23 to September 22) Some intensive soul-searching early in the week can help you reach a decision by week’s end that should please both you and the other person involved. Good luck. LIBRA (September 23 to October 22) The possibility of a career change is intriguing.

(c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.

Learn more about what it can offer and what it cannot. Weigh everything carefully. And ask questions. SCORPIO (October 23 to November 21) Work is your priority this week as you try to make up for lost time. Expect help from someone who cares about you. Things take a welcome turn by the weekend. SAGITTARIUS (November 22 to December 21) A health problem causes some anxiety


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Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

Losing Friends and Making New Ones If we live long enough, we’ll eventually get to the age where we start losing people around us. Friends, neighbors and relatives succumb to serious illness, and our lives will never be the same. We end up going to more and more funerals. Our social networks get smaller and smaller, and that leaves us ... where? Alone ... unless we see the writing on the wall and plan ahead for our own futures. That’s not to say we should turn our backs

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on friends of a certain age or level of health. But protecting our own health needs to be uppermost in our minds. Extended loneliness and grief can take its toll, if we let it, and lead to depression, elder abuse, cognitive decline and more. The phrase “safety in numbers” might be one to consider. We can join groups where there are people of all ages, or at least be around people who share our interests. Is there a hobby you’ve always wanted to try? Maybe pottery or painting? Or a college class you’ve wanted to audit? Does the senior center host short travel expeditions, maybe to a big city for museums and shows? Do they have a weekly writing group? How about volunteering somewhere, on a

THE ILLUSTRATED BIBLE

regular schedule? The library can’t function without daily shelving. Can you read to a morning group of toddlers? Socialize cats and dogs at the shelter? Do you like shopping enough to do deliveries from grocery stores to the homebound? Interested in a daily walking group? The point is to be out among people. Somewhere in the mix you’re likely to find new friends. The key to maintaining health is the number of interactions we have with others. But often we have to take the first step. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.


Tidbits of Glenrock, Douglas and Wheatland

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ODD MEASUREMENTS — (continued): •

A peninkulma is equal to about ten versts. A verst is equal to 500 sazhen. A sazhen is defined by the Russian language as the distance between the tips of the outstretched arms of an adult human. The distance between the tips of the outstretched arms of an adult human is also called a fathom, from the German word “fadum” meaning “embracing arms” which has now been standardized at six feet (1.8m) and was typically used by sailors to measure the depth of the ocean. When it became necessary to bury someone at sea, the body needed to be sunk to a depth of at least six fathoms, leading to the phrase “to deep six” something by disposing of it. The word fathom in the sense of being unable to understand something: “I can’t fathom that” refers to the word’s original meaning of “embrace” as in, “I can’t wrap my mind around that.” A “morgen” was defined as the amount of land that one ox and one man could till in a day. “Morgen” is German and Dutch for “morning.” The morgen was an official measurement in South Africa until the 1970s due to Dutch influence. The morgen is similar to the acre, which is the area of land a yoke of oxen can plow in a day with a wooden plow. It comes from the Latin “ager” meaning “field.” The acre begat the furlong, which is the distance an ox can plow before needing to rest. It comes from the Old English “furh” meaning “furrow” and “lang” meaning “long.” Turning a team of oxen around while they were dragging a heavy plow was a difficult task, so furrows were made as long as possible, and the oxen were given a chance to rest before turning around and plowing in the opposite direction. The furlong became standardized at 660 feet (201m). The Romans noted that a two-step pace of a marching man was about five feet. One thousand paces, or 5,000 feet, became the mile, called “milia passuum” meaning “1,000 paces.” However, farms in England were measured in furlongs, which equaled 660 feet. In 1575, England’s Queen Elizabeth I proclaimed the mile should be 5,280 feet, so it could easily

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be divided into 8 furlongs. Today the furlong is rarely used outside of horseracing, and the mile is rarely used outside the U.S., Myanmar, and Liberia. A league is the distance a person can walk in an hour, 3.5 miles. In Jules Verne’s book “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea” Captain Nemo would have travelled about 70,000 miles under the

Solar & Wind

ocean, far enough to circumnavigate the Earth nearly three times. A mile is an arbitrary measurement, but a nautical mile is a precise measurement based on the circumference of Earth. If you cut the Earth in half at the equator and pick up one of the halves, the equator forms a circle. That circle is divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees. Each degree is divided into 60 smaller parts, called minutes. A nautical mile is one of these minutes. The nautical mile is a standardized unit of measure used by all nations for air and sea travel. It equals 1.1508 miles (1.852 km). If you are traveling at one nautical mile per hour, you are travelling at the speed of one knot. Why is it called a knot? To tell speed, a ship would carry a line wound on a reel. A chip of wood on the end of the line was allowed to drag in the water behind the ship, causing the line to unreel. The line was knotted at intervals of 47’3” and the line was allowed to drag for exactly 28 seconds. (47’3” are to 1.1508 miles what 28 seconds are to one hour.) If the line unwound to the fifth knot in 28 seconds, the ship was moving at 5 knots per hour. (cont’d next page) Before cardboard boxes were invented, goods were shipped in barrels. Barrels were very practical because they could be stacked on top of each other, and could be easily moved around simply by rolling them down a skid. There were all kinds of different barrels, made out of all kinds of different materials, made in standard sizes. A barrel isn’t just a container; it’s a unit of measure, equal to 32 gallons, or 1/8 of a ton. With a capacity of 32 gallons, a barrel is a medium-sized cask. A barrel is half the size of a hogshead, a cask that holds 64 gallons. A hogshead is half the size of the butt. A butt is half the size of the largest cask, called a tun, or ton. On the other end of the scale, a cask that is half the size of a barrel is called a kilderkin. Half a kilderkin is a firkin, holding just 8 gallons. Half of a firkin is a pin. Half of a pin is a gallon. The word “kilderkin” is Dutch meaning “small cask.” The word “firkin” is from the Dutch

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• What is the Hebrew word that’s usually translated as “blessing”? Brocho, Chosson, Chumash, Ducket • From Acts 8, who baptized the Ethiopian eunuch? Isaiah, James, Philip, Paul • How old was Abraham when he died? 75, 175, 202, 256 ANSWERS: 1) New; 2) Stomach; 3) Riches; 4) Brocho, 5) Philip; 6) 175

• Is the book of Mark in the Old or New Testament or neither? • What kind of physical problem did Timothy have of which Paul advised a little wine? Back, Stomach, Head, Legs • From Proverbs 22, “A good name is rather to be chosen than great ...”? Riches, Witness, Corruption, Love

Visit Wilson Casey’s new Trivia Fan Site at www.patreon.com/triviaguy. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.

ODD MEASUREMENTS — (continued): word meaning “one-fourth.” • The term “hogshead” may have originated with a particular brand depicting the head of an ox, that looked a bit too much like the head of a pig. “Butt” comes from the French “botte” meaning “pipe.” A “buttload” is a real measurement, equaling 126 gallons. The word “gallon” comes from the Latin “galus” meaning “a measure of wine.” • A “gallop” is an informal measurement used in cooking, equaling the amount of liquid necessary to leave a gallon milk jug before it literally makes the sound “gallop.” • A slug is a unit of mass, equal to a mass that is accelerated by one foot per second when a force of one pound is exerted against it. A slug is equal to twelve blobs, with a blob being the unit of mass that is accelerated by one inch when a force of one pound is exerted against it. Fabulous Food TWINKIES • Continental Bakeries made a variety of items under the Hostess brand in the 1920s and 1930s. One of them was a strawberry shortcake. The

problem was that strawberries were a seasonal item, available only a few months of the year. The rest of the year, the equipment used to make the cakes sat idle. While delivering a load of strawberry cakes to a vendor one day, company vice-president James Deware decided what he needed was a product that would use this equipment all year. Finally he hit on banana cream cakes because bananas were available year-round. He called them Little Shortcake Fingers, and a nickel bought a package of two. Later he saw a billboard advertising Twinkle Toe Shoes, and he adopted that name for the product: Twinkies. Originally the cakes were made with eggs, milk, and butter, which gave them a shelf life of only a day or two. The recipe was reformulated, and airtight cellophane packaging helped retain freshness. Today, the typical Twinkie can last 45 days before going stale. During World War II, a banana shortage led to the need to re-vamp the recipe once again, and the familiar vanilla-flavored snack cake was born. Vanilla turned out to be a far

Comfort Foods

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Made Fast and Healthy

by Healthy Exchanges Anytime Soup This soup is one you can start in the morning and leave on the stove all day long for lunch, afternoon snack or a quick dinner after coming in from a cold March day. 16 ounces skinned and boned uncooked chicken breast, cut into 36 pieces 3 cups shredded green cabbage 1 1/2 cups chopped celery 1 cup chopped carrots 5 cups diced fresh tomatoes 1 minced garlic clove 2 tablespoons chopped fresh parsley 2 (14-ounce) cans Swanson Lower Sodium Fat Free Chicken Broth 1 teaspoon dried thyme (optional) 1/4 teaspoon black pepper 2 tablespoons lemon juice or 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar In a large soup pot, combine uncooked chicken, cabbage, celery, carrots, tomatoes, garlic, parsley, chicken broth, thyme, black pepper and lemon juice or vinegar. Bring mixture to a boil. Lower heat and simmer for one hour. Makes 8 (1 1/2 cup) servings. TIP: Lean beef roast and beef broth can be used in place of chicken breast and chicken broth. * Each serving equals: 114 calories, 2g fat, 15g protein, 9g carbs, 98mg sodium, 48mg calcium, 2g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 2 Meat, 2 Vegetable; Carb Choices: 1 1/2. (c) 2018 King Features Synd., Inc.

• On March 30, 1775, King George III formally endorses the New England Restraining Act, requiring New England colonies to trade exclusively with Great Britain. Another rule banned colonists from fishing in the North Atlantic. • On March 28, 1814, the funeral of Guillotin, the inventor and namesake of the infamous execution device, takes place in France. The machine was intended to show the intellectual and social progress of the Revolution: By killing aristocrats and journeymen the same way, equality in death was ensured. • On March 31, 1836, the first monthly installment of “The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club,” by 24-year-old writer Charles Dickens, is published under the pseudonym Boz. Only 400 copies were printed, but by the 15th episode, 40,000 copies were printed. • On March 27, 1912, two Yoshina cherry trees are planted on the bank of the Potomac River, as part of a gift of 3,020 cherry trees from Japan to the United States. After World War II, cuttings were sent back to Japan to restore the Tokyo collection that was decimated by American bombing attacks during the war. • On April 1, 1984, Motown singer Marvin Gaye is shot and killed by his father as a result of a longstanding feud. The father, a preacher, was a harddrinking cross-dresser who envied his son’s success, and Marvin Jr. clearly harbored unresolved feelings toward his abusive father. • On March 26, 1997, police in Rancho Santa Fe, California, discover 39 victims of a mass suicide. They were members of the “Heaven’s Gate” religious cult, whose leaders preached that suicide would allow them to leave their bodily “containers” and enter an alien spacecraft hidden behind the Hale-Bopp comet. • On March 29, 1999, the Dow Jones industrial average closes above 10,000 for the first time, at 10,006.78. (c) 2018 Hearst Communications, Inc. All Rights Reserved


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ODD MEASUREMENTS — (continued): more popular flavor than banana, but banana Twinkies were given another run when the movie “King Kong” was released in 2005. • In 2012, Hostess filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Twinkie sales for the year were down almost 20% from a year earlier. Hostess said customers had migrated to healthier foods. A few months later, Hostess was purchased by Apollo Global Management a n d Metropoulos & Co for $410 million and Twinkies returned to store shelves by July of 2013. Apollo subsequently sold Hostess for $2.3 billion. TWINKIES • Twinkies have been used as an ingredient in other dishes. Hostess published two recipe compilation books, most recently in 2015 for the snack cake’s 85th anniversary • A deep-fried Twinkie, popular at state fairs and ball parks, involves freezing the Twinkie, dipping it into batter, and deep-frying it. • A scene from the 1989 film “UHF” shows “Weird Al” Yankovic’s favorite food, the Twinkie Wiener Sandwich: Split a Twinkie like a hot dog bun. Add a hot dog, cover it in Easy Cheese, and dip in milk before eating. Yankovic has stated that he has switched to using tofu hot dogs since becoming a vegetarian. • When Dan White killed San Francisco City Supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone in 1978, his lawyers argued he had been suffering from depression, as evidenced by his failure to maintain his previously healthy diet, preferring sugary treats such as Twinkies instead. This became known as the “Twinkie defense.” White served five years in prison for the two murders. • The Twinkies eaten in the movie “Zombieland” were not real Twinkies. Being a vegan and rawfoodist, Woody Harrelson would not eat real Twinkies. Rather, the “Twinkies” he was shown eating were made from cornmeal and were vegan-safe. • When the Clinton White House was assembling the National Millennium Time Capsule in 1999, long lists of possible items were mulled over. In the end, the capsule included icons like the works of William Faulkner and a recording of Louis Armstrong. The capsule very nearly

included a Twinkie, which would have been over a century past its “best-by” date when the capsule is opened in 2100. At the last minute, staff pulled the Twinkie from the capsule over concerns that mice would break into the box. MADE UP MEASUREMENTS • In Homer’s book “The Iliad,” Helena of Troy is married to a Greek king but runs off with her Trojan lover. The men of Greece are so upset at the loss of their beautiful queen that they launch their entire fleet of ships to go bring her • home, starting the Trojan war. In the year 1592, an English playwright named Christopher Marlowe wrote a play called “Doctor Faustus.” In the play, the character Faustus calls upon the mythological Helen of Troy, and writes her a love poem, in which appears the line: “Was this the face that launched a thousand ships?” Some centuries later, a unit of measure, perhaps proposed by Isaac Azimov, was based upon the face that launched a thousand ships: the milliHelen. A milliHelen is defined as the amount of beauty needed to launch a single ship. Its corollary is the microHelen, which is a woman who is capable of launching 1/1000th of a ship, or a model ship in 1/1000th scale. A woman possessing a nanoHelen of beauty is only capable of launching a dinghy. • Artist Andy Warhol once declared that everyone will be famous for 15 minutes. This begat the Warhol unit of fame, coined by writer Cullen Murphy: one Warhol equals 15 minutes of fame, but a kilowarhol equals 15,000 minutes (10.42 days, equivalent to “nineday wonder”) and a megawarhol is equivalent to 15 million minutes (28.5 years). The “Warhol worm” is a term applied to any potential computer virus capable of infecting the entire Internet in 15 minutes. • The corollary to the New York minute is the New York second (“the shortest unit of time in the multiverse”) defined as the period of time between the traffic lights turning green and the cab behind you honking. • As a humorous tribute to Carl Sagan and his association with the catchphrase “billions and billions” a “sagan” has been defined as a large quantity of anything. • Physicist Paul Dirac was known for his precise yet taciturn nature. His colleagues in Cambridge jokingly defined a unit of a “dirac” which equalled one word per hour. • The Harvard Bridge over the Charles River in Massachusetts is long. People who cross the bridge during bad weather keep their head down, and look only at the pavement. In 1958, a fraternity at MIT decided something should be done to help students know how much farther they had to go. They decided the pavement should be marked off, and the unit of measurement should be one of their pledges. The shortest pledge was chosen. His name was Oliver Smoot and he was 5’7” tall. One evening

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Smoot and some other pledges showed up on the bridge. They laid him end over end all the way across the bridge, painting Smoot marks every 5 feet, 7 inches. They found that the bridge was 364.4 Smoots long, plus one ear. The fraternity maintains the Smoot marks, re-painting them every year as they began to fade. Police still refer to the Smoot marks when calling for tow trucks or filling out accident reports. In 1982, John Lloyd and Douglas Adams wrote a humorous book called, “The Meaning of Liff.” The book purported to list the meanings of the odd names of towns throughout the United Kingdom. The Scottish town of Liff supposedly

meant “A book, the contents of which are totally belied by its cover.” The town name of Plymouth really means, “To relate an amusing story to someone without remembering that it was they who told it to you in the first place” and the meaning of the town name Shoeburyness is “The vague uncomfortable feeling you get when sitting on a seat that is still warm from somebody else’s bottom.” The Isle of Sheppey was named for the closest distance at which sheep remain picturesque, equal to just under one mile.


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