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POWER & WATER LEADERS

Battery | Coal | Co-Gen | Cables | Grid | Electricals | Energy | Generators | Nuclear | Power Plants | | Rentals | T&D | Turbines | Utility Chemicals | Controls | Desalination | EDR | Filtration | Finance | Membranes | NF | Plumbing | Pumps | Pipes | RO | Storage | Valves

Nikola Tesla The Father of Electricity

The Latest Updates Why a PhD in Engineering Systems Management Should Be on Your Radar Engineering Researchers from UAE Trailblazing in Cancer Treatments, Energy Harvesting and Robotics

An Engineer’s Problems at Work Is Your Engineering Job Making You Sick? What To Do With Your Rivalry With Another Engineer at Work

Over 100 Cities Globally Get Most of Their Electricity from Clean Sources

An Engineer’s Guide on How to Make Difficult Decisions

A New Membrane Can Produce Both Drinking Water and Lithium

5 Ways to Inspire Engineers Using Criticism

Dubai Breaks Ground on World’s Biggest CSP Project

4 Steps on How Engineers Can Deal With Mental Health Problems at Work

APRIL 2018 ISSUE NO. 012


GINEERSNOW TEAM Ems Bagatsing

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Robert Bagatsing

Editor-In-Chief editor@GineersNow.com

Engr. Alice Hernandez Senior Editor-At-Large

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Raymond Gerard del Valle

Hina Sapra

Engr. Dion Greg Reyes

Marketing and IT Manager

Senior Editor Asia-Paci‘ic Senior Editor South Asia

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Senior Editor North America Junior Editor

Junior Editor

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Junior Editor

Guest Editor North America

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Video Editor Creative & Layout Guest Editor North America

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Publisher GineersNow Inc.

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Disclaimer: The publishers regret that they cannot accept liability for error or omissions contained in this publication, however caused. The opinions and views contained in this publication are not necessarily those of the publishers. Readers are advised to seek specialist advice before acting on information contained in this publication, which is provided for general use and may not be appropriate for the readers' particular circumstances. The Copyright Law of the United States of America, Chapter 1, Subject 107, called the “Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use” states that, “Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means speci‘ied by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include— (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonpro‘it educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.”


An exciting cover story awaits you this month as we feature one of history’s most important inventors, Nikola Tesla. Once wronged and unappreciated, the forgotten genius will always be attributed as the master of lightning and the man who lit up the world. Also as the father of electricity. Get to know Tesla’s origins, his relationships with people and why he preferred to be chaste, how he powered his interests and worked on improving his talents. Learn more about his unfortunate death and how people in the scientific and engineering communities celebrate his legacy around the world. We have also included several power and water features on the magazine such as the following:

EDITOR’S NOTE

• • • • •

Why a PhD in Engineering Systems Management Should Be on Your Radar Engineering Researchers from UAE Trailblazing in Cancer Treatments, Energy Harvesting and Robotics Over 100 Cities Globally Get Most of Their Electricity from Clean Sources A New Membrane Can Produce Both Drinking Water and Lithium Dubai Breaks Ground on World’s Biggest CSP Project

Lastly, we have prepared helpful articles to help you deal with different kinds of problems at work. Find out what to do when your engineering job is making you sick and what to do when you have a rivalry with another engineer at work. Read our guide on making difficult decisions at work and ways to inspire your colleagues using criticism. Lastly, read our easy guide on dealing with mental health problems at work. So go ahead, scroll through our pages and read the latest stories that put the spotlight on the power and water industries. Get updated with the news and be informed with our inspiring stories that are slowly changing the way we live today. Enjoy this month’s GineersNow: Power and Water Leaders.

Engr. Alice Hernandez Senior Editor-at-Large


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Contents Powering a World That’s Always On: Cummins at Middle East Electricity 2018

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Al Tayer Strengthens Ties with Electricité de France

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Stallkamp Enforces the Wastewater Business with Reliable Stainless Steel Tanks

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Electric Debut Middle East Electricity FirstTimers Have ‘Watt’ It Takes To Feed Region’s Growing Demand For Power

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Power Play! Leading Energy Sector Players Capitalise on Soaring Regional Demand for Power at Middle East Electricity 2018 Dubai Breaks Ground on World’s Biggest CSP Project

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Over 100 Cities Globally Get Most of Their Electricity from Clean Sources

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An Engineer’s Guide on How to Make Difficult Decisions

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This New Membrane Can Produce Both Drinking Water and Lithium

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Acciona & Swicorp Start The Construction of Three Photo-Voltaic Plants Under Their Ownership in Egypt

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Have Rivalry With Another Engineer at Work? Here’s What To Do About It

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How Nikola Tesla Lit Up The World

Schneider Electric Showcases Smart and Innovative Solutions with MOID, DEWA, and SEWA

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Engineering Researchers From Uae Trailblazing 46 In Cancer Treatments, Energy Harvesting And Robotics

Ready to take the next step in your engineering 32 career? Why a PhD in Engineering Systems Management should be on your radar. 5 Ways to Inspire Engineers Using Criticism

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PAC Technologies Establishes State-of-The-Art Headquarters at Dubai Industrial Park

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4 Steps on How Engineers Can Deal With Mental 38 Health Problems at Work

Is Your Engineering Job Making You Sick? Here’s What You Should Do

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Powering a World That’s Always On: Cummins at Middle East Electricity 2018

At Middle East Electricity 2018 show, Cummins is introducing the new C450 D5, as part of the QSG12 series diesel generator sets for the commercial and industrial markets. At Middle East Electricity 2018 show, Cummins is introducing the new C450 D5, as part of the QSG12 series diesel generator sets for the commercial and industrial markets. This new product offers more power for less space, by delivering a much higher power density and a more reliable power solution. The series is available from 400-450kVA and powered by a Cummins four cycle, inline, 6 cylinder dual speed diesel engine offering more robust performance using less fuel. Features also include extended service intervals of 500hrs, lower fuel consumption and unaided cold start capability at 12°C. Also on display will be the C1540 N5CC, the newest addition to the QSK60 gas engine portfolio offers new customer options that make it a perfect fit for both independent power producers and combined heat and power applications. Supplying electrical efficiency of up to 43.8 per cent, the upgraded model can reduce total cost of ownership for its customers and deliver world-class power efficiency.

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Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

The new 9.5 litre G-Drive Coolpac series will also be showcased in the newly released Cummins black colour. The 6LTAA9.5-G1 G-Drive Coolpac model, available at 350kVA offers higher efficiency and dependability. With a 24-valve and a larger flow injector design, this new model delivers one of the highest power-to-weight ratio in its class. Cummins is also displaying the Digital Master Control 8000, a fully automatic, distributed logic controller suitable for remote applications, making it easier for users to integrate and adapt their varying power needs. The new Digital Master Control system can control diverse power sources such as solar, genset and wind. With available remote access and monitoring, users can securely access the control system and view up to 90 days of data logging at anytime, anywhere. This year, Cummins is launching a virtual reality experience, allowing users to step inside a generator plant room. Users will be tasked with connecting our complete power system before the time runs out to help Cummins power a world that’s Always On.


2 stainless steel and 1 corrugated stainless steel tank for the paper industry in Bavaria

Wastewater tank with self-supporting ribbed dome roof (2.000m³)

Stallkamp Enforces the Wastewater Business with Reliable Stainless Steel Tanks In the past, Stallkamp has repeatedly implemented projects for sewage treatment plants and the wastewater industry. Stallkamp’s appearance at IFAT (14-18 May 18) is intended to strengthen its position in the wastewater segment. In the past, Stallkamp has repeatedly implemented projects for sewage treatment plants and the wastewater industry. In addition to various sludge tanks, this also included complex wastewater treatment plants such as a stainless steel tank with a stainless steel floor or a funnel-shaped secondary clarifier. Stallkamp’s appearance at IFAT (14-18 May 18) is intended to strengthen its position in the wastewater segment.

Many projects successfully implemented The fact that Erich Stallkamp ESTA GmbH has the necessary know-how is proven by various projects from the last 25 years. For example, an extensive wastewater treatment plant with two steel tanks (Ø15.52m, h=8.78m) was designed and installed in Bavaria as a wastewater collection tank. In addition, a corrugated steel 12

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

tank (Ø2.75m, h=8.78m) serves as an equalising tank for the paper industry. Larger wastewater pre-treatment plants have also been installed for the food industry, as a reference plant in North Rhine-Westphalia shows. A stainless steel tank (Ø16.29m, h=10.03m) with self-supporting ribbed dome roof and various add-on parts was realised. Experience with special designs Stallkamp has also proved to be a reliable partner for special designs. In Herzebrock, for example, a sewage treatment plant with several clarifiers (Ø outside 24.00m, Ø inside 3.88m, h=4.18m) was developed, which is controlled by means of overflow heights. Also the funnelshaped secondary clarifiers (Ø top 7.65m, Ø bottom 1.40m, h=5.00m) with toothed gutter for a private brewery convinced with their stability and longevity.


Stainless steel tank with stainless steel floor

Self-supporting stainless steel roof

Currently, a wastewater project with three stainless steel tanks for an automobile manufacturer in Ingolstadt is being implemented. One of the tanks is a sludge storage tank for flocculated sludge (180 m³), which is equipped with many attachments and agitator technology. In addition, two clean water tanks (each 120 m³) are supplied. All three tanks are constructed with a self-supporting stainless steel roof.

Stallkamp also offers the associated pump and agitator technology. For special use in waste and clarification tanks, a full stainless steel mixer is recommended, which is designed for stirring liquids with a variable pH value, generally from pH 5.3 to pH 8.1 at room temperature of 20°C. The Stallkamp portfolio also includes separation technology, which is produced for a wide variety of applications and dry matter contents.

Stainless steel is worthwhile

From May 14-18, Stallkamp will be exhibiting at IFAT in Munich – the world’s leading trade fair for water, sewage, waste and raw materials management – to promote the wastewater business. Exhibition devices and references will be presented at booth 208 in hall A1 and qualified consulting services will be offered.

The decision for stainless steel is always worthwhile: the follow-up costs for maintenance and repair are reduced to a minimum. At the same time, the lifespan of the Stallkamp stainless steel tanks is almost unrivalled. Stainless steel owes its resistance to corrosion to a simple chemical reaction: due to its chromium content, an ultra-thin chemically resistant passive layer forms on the surface in conjunction with oxygen in the air or water. If the passive layer is damaged by external influences, it will form a new layer from the matrix of the stainless steel. Unlike other materials or material combinations, stainless steel can be completely and easily recycled after use.

Everything from one source

Learn more about Stallkamp products in the wastewater segment. Erich Stallkamp ESTA GmbH – As a specialist for construction, production and assembling of high quality stainless steel products such as tanks, pumps, agitators and separators, we are the competent partner for almost every industry. Our variety of goods is successfully applied all over the world for 45 years in the agriculture sector as well as in the industry.

In addition to high-quality stainless steel tanks, Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Electric Debut Middle East Electricity First-Timers Have ‘Watt’ It Takes To Feed Region’s Growing Demand For Power The soaring demand for power generation, distribution and efficiency across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has sparked new opportunities for energy companies, entrepreneurs and start-ups to contribute to a cleaner, greener future. Middle East Electricity (MEE) 2018, the 43rd edition of the region’s leading trade event for the power industry, which closed at Dubai World Trade Centre today (March 8), brought together thousands of industry professionals to showcase solutions, share knowledge and expertise, 14

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

and set trends on how to feed that increasing demand, including a number of first-time participants and a new dedicated product sector on energy storage and management. Among those making their first outing were national organisations from the Russian Federation and Poland. Their participation with focused country pavilions provided companies from those countries the chance to exhibit their products and solutions and explore business opportunities in the MENA region.


EP LLC, Russia said: “We were selected by the Government of Russia to represent our product range of testing equipment for high voltage circuit breakers and transformers at Middle East Electricity as part of our plans to enter this market. “As a comprehensive meeting place of potential customers and partners, the show gave us the best opportunity to position our brand as we look for new partners to represent our products in the Middle East and internationally. We have some very promising negotiations in progress.” The newly introduced Energy Storage and Management sector joined the existing show verticals of Distribution and Transmission, Lighting, Power Generation, and Solar. Energy Storage and Management gave companies a tailored platform to demonstrate how they have the tools to address the pressing issue of how to store and manage energy more efficiently in the future, particularly as the region drives forward with the transition to renewable energy.

MEE 2018 hosted 23 country pavilions, and 1,500 exhibitors spanning 66 countries, eager to take a stake in the expanding regional power market. According to the ‘GCC Power Market Report’ Gulf countries alone will invest US$131 billion in the next five years. Speaking from the Russian Federation pavilion, Valentina Kuznetsova, Export Development Manager, SKB

Among those exhibiting in the sector’s debut were USheadquartered firm MK Battery Energy Storage Group, making its fourth appearance at MEE. “As a global show, Middle East Electricity gives us the most optimum platform to launch new products and gain new customers. This year, we’re exhibiting our new UltraFlex battery – the lithium competitive product solution – which has garnered a great response, not only from our Middle East audience

but particularly among our customers across the African market,” said Bruce Habeck, Global Director, Renewable Energy Business, MK Batter Energy Storage Group. The appearance of newcomers at the show and the addition of the Energy Storage and Management sector, emphasises the show’s reputation as a must-attend event for anyone connected with the power industry and a trend-setter for the region, said show organisers. “The power industry is evolving regionally and globally and this is creating wide-ranging opportunities for innovators, pioneers, start-ups and established companies. Middle East Electricity has once again demonstrated why it is the place to be for anyone seeking to capitalise on the growing demand for power,” said Anita Mathews, Group Directorindustrial portfolio, at Informa Exhibitions. “We have had extremely encouraging feedback from the first-time participants, and visitors to the Energy Storage and Management sector, which further enhances the appeal of the show, not only regionally but around the world.” Middle East Electricity was held under the patronage of HH Sheikh Maktoum Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai Deputy Ruler, from 6-8 March 2018 and is hosted by the UAE Ministry of Energy.

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Over 100 Cities Globally Get Most of Their Electricity from Clean Sources

And more than 40 cities now operate on purely renewables. When will your city be part of this club? Governments around the world are now shifting towards renewable sources of energy instead of using oil and gas generated from fossil fuels. And the number of cities realizing the benefits of cleaner energy is increasing. A report by the CDP, a global environmental impact non-profit organization previously known as the Carbon Disclosure Project, revealed that there are now more than 100 cities which get at least 70% of their electricity from various renewable sources. These cities include Seattle, Washington; Oslo, Norway; Vancouver, Canada; and Nairobi, Kenya. In the report, it said that over 40 cities are said 16

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

to be running on 100% renewable electricity, which include Reykjavik, Iceland, and Basel, Switzerland. The organization keeps energy records from more than 570 cities worldwide. And it noticed an increasing trend over the years: its 2018 list was more than double the 40 cities who reported being powered by at least 70 percent clean energy in 2015. In a statement, the CDP’s director of cities Kyra Appleby said, “Cities are responsible for 70 percent of energy-related CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions and there is immense potential for them to lead on building a sustainable economy.


“Reassuringly, our data shows much commitment and ambition. Cities not only want to shift to renewable energy but, most importantly, they can. We urge all cities to disclose to us, work together to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and prioritize the development of ambitious renewable energy procurement strategies. The time to act is now,” she added.

Weinberger, whose city in Vermont, USA gets all its electricity from wind, hydro, solar, and biomass. It is the first city in the United States to source 100% of their power from renewable generation.

Of the cities under their watch, 275 use hydropower, 189 generate electricity from wind, 184 get power from solar photovoltaics, 164 use biomass and 65 geothermal.

The future of renewables is mostly bright, especially now that it is seen to be cheaper than fossil fuels.

“Through our diverse mix of biomass, hydro, wind and solar, we have seen first-hand that renewable energy boosts our local economy and creates a healthier place to work, live and raise a family,” said Burlington Mayor Miro

“We encourage other cities around the globe to follow our innovative path as we all work toward a more sustainable energy future,” he added.

The World Economic Forum shared that unsubsidized renewables were the cheapest source of electricity in 30 countries in 2017, with renewables predicted to be consistently more cost effective than fossil fuels globally by 2020.

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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An Engineer’s Guide on How to Make Difficult Decisions Engineers make difficult decisions everyday. Here’s how to handle that.

There will come a time in an engineer’s career that he or she will be bombarded by challenges that require difficult decisions. It could be matters on management or application of engineering principles that will make the engineer think twice about which path to take. You are bound to reach that stage whether you like or not, especially when you are holding a management position. And for you to prepare yourself for that, you have to be reminded that your decision should dwell upon the idea that you have to make things better than when you have found them. It’s also worth noting that your task is to conquer that challenge by at least deciding – having no decision at all is a lot more risky than letting the problem solve itself. Conventional knowledge tells us that if one is a leader, he or she must be responsible for all the decisions that he or she makes. This is how engineers should think. Taking responsibility for decisions – no matter how difficult they are – is first step for engineers in making difficult decisions, especially that the work involves a lot of risks in many aspects. If you are not willing to accept the feedback, results, or consequences of that decision, you will have a hard time confronting other challenges to come. 18

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

But how should engineers really make difficult decisions? What principles should you follow? Listed below are four which are anchored in leadership: Create a stable and safe environment Before the difficult decision is made, you have to make sure that everyone who will be affected by that decision has an assurance that they will not be accountable of the outcome. And that you are the person in front to take care of how the decision ends. People always come first When you embrace a people-first culture in your decision, moreover in your company if you are an engineering manager, such will yield better results than prioritizing something else. Stay grounded Do not let ego get in the way. If somebody suggests something that might help the situation more than you can, accept it and take responsibility for it. Making a difficult decision is already a task in itself; doing it with arrogance doesn’t help. Be transparent and honest It has to be made. You should tell the truth even when it’s not convenient, because the lies will never make the process of deciding easier – maybe it will but only for a short time and could have huge costs.


This New Membrane Can Produce Both Drinking Water and Lithium This new membrane offers an improved and more selective, method of filtration than the traditionally used reverse osmosis membrane. 20

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018


Lithium is still one of the world’s most in demand metals. Many companies like Tesla continue to have a high demand for this metal. Researchers around the world are doing their best to develop alternative ways to mine lithium safely as well as keep up with the continuous rising demand. However, according to new research, drinkable water can now be created and at the same time lithium can be created in the process of desalinating seawater. A team of scientists have developed a new membrane that can perform this process. The technology involves the use of metal-organic framework (MOF) membranes, which is a greener and more energy efficient method, given the extremely high surface areas of the crystalline materials. This new membrane offers an improved and more selective, method of filtration than the traditionally used reverse osmosis membrane, which needs additional pumping to remove contaminants that the porous membranes are not able to catch. A team of researchers from Monash University in Australia, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), and the University of Texas at Austin have created the first membrane of its kind. Their study which was published in Science Advances is entitled, “Ultrafast selective transport of alkali metal ions in metal organic frameworks with subnanometer

pores,” “We can use our findings to address the challenges of water desalination,” Huanting Wang said, an author of the new study. “Instead of relying on the current costly and energy intensive processes, this research opens up the potential for removing salt ions from water in a far more energy efficient and environmentally sustainable way.” By offering a more selective and energysaving option, this membrane hits two bird with one stone. Study author Huanting Wang, Department of Chemical Engineering Professor and Associate Dean (International) of the Faculty of Engineering at Monash University in Australia, said that their work would have an immediate impact with regards to the way we look at maintaining lithium supplies. “Lithium ions are abundant in seawater, so this has implications for the mining industry who currently use inefficient chemical treatments to extract lithium from rocks and brines,” Wang said . “Global demand for lithium required for electronics and batteries is very high. These membranes offer the potential for a very effective way to extract lithium ions from seawater, a plentiful and easily accessible resource.”

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Acciona & Swicorp Start The Construction of Three Photo-Voltaic Plants Under Their Ownership in Egypt ACCIONA Energía, the renewables subsidiary of ACCIONA Group, and Enara Bahrain Spv Wll (ENARA), the renewable energy platform of the Saudi company Swicorp, have begun construction work on three photovoltaic plants in Egypt with a total a rated capacity of 150 megawatts (MW) - 186 MWp. The facilities, which will be owned at 50% by both companies when they entered service, represent an investment of around 180 million US dollars and are located in the Benban complex, set up by the Egyptian Government in the Aswan region. They represent the first renewables project by ACCIONA Energía in Egypt. The three projects come under the feedin tariff system established by the Egyptian Administration in call for tender Round 2, published in October 2016. Overall, they will produce clean energy equivalent to the consumption of around 150,000 Egyptian homes and avoid the emission of 297,000 tonnes of CO2 per annum from fuel-oil power plants. PPA over 25 years The power generated will be supplied to the utility Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC) under a long-term PPA contract (25 years) governed by the conditions set in Round 2. Finance for the operation has been agreed with International Finance Corporation (IFC), a World Bank body, and with Asian Infrastructure

Investment Bank (AIIB), both specialized in financing private projects in emerging countries. The construction work, which has already started, will last for an estimated 12 months until the start-up of the plants. Each one will be equipped with 190,774 polycrystalline silicon modules of Astronergy technology (Chint group), mounted on horizontal-axis tracking structures manufactured by STI Norland. The Benban photovoltaic complex covers 37.2 square kilometres on a site provided by the Egyptian Government through its New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA). It is equipped with the energy evacuation infrastructure required to accommodate 41 privately-owned photovoltaic plants (combined capacity; 1,800 MW). This initiative comes under the Egyptian Government’s plan to promote renewable energies to diversify the country’s electricity mix, currently dependent on oil and gas (the latter imported) at over 90%. It also aims to boost economic growth, expected to be higher than 4% per annum in the medium term. Egypt has set itself a strategic target of covering 20% of its electricity demand with renewables by 2022 compared with 8% in 2015. This would mean 2.8c0 photovoltaic megawatts in operation by that date, according to NREA forecasts.


Have Rivalry With Another Engineer at Work? Here’s What To Do About It Don’t let it become toxic!

Competition is present in everyday life. Like people trying to get that best seat in the bus or inside the classroom, guests checking in hotels with the best views, or even men aiming for the love of a woman. There are countless ways that competition manifests in our world – according to social scientists, it is one of the most basic functions of nature and a biological trait that coevolved with the basic need for human survival. The engineering workplace has its fair share of competition not only as an organization but among the engineers within the company. More often than not, the rivalry comes from the desire to be promoted first faster than everyone else, which is not at all a bad thing. Research suggests that competition increases the levels of chemicals like testosterone in the body, preparing the body and mind and pushing the employees to go the extra mile and achieve results. This is the healthy kind of competition, but there is also the toxic one – a rivalry which could result to unethical decisions and ways as well as create conflict. If you are one of those engineers who feel that there is some kind of competition going on, the first thing to do is to make sure that it all ends well for the people involved. It doesn’t have to reach a point wherein it becomes toxic. Here are other tips:

Don’t get distracted and stay confident There is no reason to fret. As already established, competition is part of everyday life which also happens in the workplace. Accept the reality of it. But as a response, you still have to stay focused in your job as an engineer.

Find allies Once the competition becomes a big issue where you work, it’s better to find those who are in the same side as you. This should grow your reputation and cultivate strong relationships with other coworkers.

Step back It is necessary that engineers who are competitive in nature also have to stop for a moment. Do this to realize if all of what’s happening amid the competition is heading towards your career goals.

Don’t take things personally What happens in the workplace, stays in the workplace. Think of that as much as possible and keep a genuine relationship with your rivals. It is possible to be friends with your enemies. Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Photo Source: MENA Herald

Schneider Electric Showcases Smart and Innovative Solutions with MOID, DEWA, and SEWA

Photo Source: MENA Herald 24

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018


Photo Source: MENA Herald

Schneider Electric, the leader in digital transformation of energy management and automation, in partnership with the Ministry of Infrastructure Development, the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, and the Sharjah Electricity and Water Authority, saw strong success in enabling smart utilities during UAE Innovation Month.

“As the UAE urbanises, digitises, and industrialises, the country’s utilities providers are global leaders in supporting smart cities and smart grids to meet rising energy demand, drive energy efficiency, and new levels of connectivity to enhance the customer experience,” said Hanan Darwish, Cluster President – Gulf and Pakistan, Schneider Electric.

With UAE utilities providers supporting Smart Cities and smart grids, the Gulf Cooperation Council’s smart grid market is set to triple to USD 1.7 billion by 2026, according to a recent report by TechSci Research.

As Schneider Electric’s Innovation Hub on Wheels toured Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah, visitors experienced 17 Internet of Things use cases on Schneider Electric’s EcoStruxure architecture and platform. Use cases covered the segments of building, transportation, water and waste water, oil and gas, utilities, and data centre.

Aligned with government-led agendas, UAE utilities providers are investing in Internet of Things innovations. Smart meters, remote terminal units, and advanced distribution management systems for smart grids can optimise costs, transform the customer and citizen experience, and protect critical national infrastructure.

“During UAE Innovation Month, we showed how we are working closely with the UAE’s utilities ecosystem to leverage the Internet of Things to drive innovation, cybersecurity, and renewable energy. The UAE is fast-becoming one of the world’s smartest, most innovative, and sustainable countries,” added Hanan Darwish. Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Al Tayer Strengthens Ties with Electricité de France HE Saeed Mohammed Al Tayer, MD & CEO of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) welcomed Marina Hashim, CEO of Électricité de France (EDF) in the Middle East. This is one of a series of visits made by major international companies to DEWA. At the beginning of the meeting, Al Tayer welcomed Hashim. He also reviewed DEWA’s projects and initiatives that support the Dubai Clean Energy Strategy 2050 and follow the best international practices in conservation and preservation of natural resources.

Al Tayer stressed the importance of strengthening cooperation between DEWA and French companies through various initiatives, projects and investment opportunities. The meeting discussed sharing best practices in traditional energy, renewable energy, sustainability, and Research & Development (R&D). Hashim expressed interest in participating in DEWA’s projects, especially in clean energy. She stressed her commitment to exchange experiences with DEWA, to make use of DEWA’s achievements, and contribute to Dubai’s sustainable growth. Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Power Play! Leading Energy Sector Players Capitalise on Soaring Regional Demand for Power at Middle East Electricity 2018

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For US exhibitor Perkins®, one of the world’s leading Middle East Electricity 2018 (MEE) lived up to its high-powered billing of ‘energising the industry’ with leading energy players hailing the event as the perfect platform to demonstrate how they are meeting the soaring demand for power in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region amid the pressing global and regional desire to transition to cleaner, greener energy resources.

capitalising on the increasing regional needs.

More than 60,000 industry professionals, including 1,500 exhibitors, spanning 66 countries, supported by 23 focused country pavilions, assembled over three days at Dubai World Trade Centre to network, trade, share knowledge and set the agenda for the future of the energy sector. Among them were Russia and Poland, who both made their debuts with dedicated pavilions at the show with the aim of

“MEE is a very important show for the Perkins® brand. All of our major customers were here and more than 40 of them displayed Perkins powered products on their exhibition stands. This year at MEE, we launched three new engines, the 1206, 1706 and 2806 highlighting our power density improvements, and also highlighted some of our exciting aftermarket solutions. The show went exceptionally well

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suppliers of off-highway gas and diesel engines, MEE 2018 represented a hugely successful outing. Eager to demonstrate its capabilities to meet increasing needs for cleaner power generation solutions, Perkins® launched three new engines at the show, designed to deliver a significant increase in power density to the booming electric power sector.


and we look forward to returning in 2019,” said David Nicoll, Marketing Director, Perkins Engines Company Limited. Taiwanese exhibitor Delta Electronics, a leader in power and thermal management solutions, showcased how it is answering demand for smart services with its portfolio of energysaving products, which included Industrial and Building Automation Solutions and EV charging innovations which can charge four electric vehicles at once. “Delta has participated at MEE since 2015 and we are happy that we received lots of visitors to our stand and qualified leads during this exhibition. It is a great platform for us to reach target audiences for Delta’s smart and energyefficient solutions in Middle East Africa region,” said Motaz Al Maani. General Manager, Delta Electronics, MEA region. Meanwhile, Efacec, which supplies power transformers and mobile transformers to utility partners in the region, including government entities, built on the success of its debut at the show in 2017. Efacec’s Director of Marketing & Sales for Transformers, José Manuel Jorge Carvalho said: “We’ve returned this year following our successful participation at the show’s previous edition. In 2017, we had 502 unique visitors from 61 countries which was an impressive participation for us and this year that number went up. This is the kind of positive response that supports our presence at the show especially as we are taking on the role of a leading technology partner in the Middle East countries that continue to be strategic markets for the company, namely in the Transformers, Automation, Switchgear and Electric Mobility areas. Efacec has supplied to Saudi Electric Company several Power Transformers as well as Mobile Transformers and recently has just earned DEWA approval as a supplier for 132kV Transformers, which adds to the list of our key utilities partners in UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain and Kuwait. By being at the show we know we will further strengthen our positioning in the Middle East region.”

Alongside the thousands of new-to-market products on display that are designed to match evolving power needs, the show was also the launch pad for the Solar Outlook Report 2018, by the Middle East Solar Industry Association (MESIA), highlighting burgeoning solar industry and the vast swathe of solar mega projects being developed across North Africa, from Morocco to Egypt, and from Oman to Kuwait in the GCC. The report also estimates that the rooftop market in the UAE alone to top 60−70 MW in 2018 - triple-digit annual growth on the 20 MW connected rooftop market in December 2017. Anita Mathews, Group Director-industrial portfolio, at Informa Exhibitions, said: “Middle East Electricity continues to evolve and grow year-on-year and this year’s edition was no different. It was a great indicator of how rapidly the region’s power industry is growing and changing and the high level of support from exhibitors, governments and national organisations further strengthens the show’s reputation as the place to be for anyone connected with the power industry.” The exhibition also included a range of technical seminars and professional workshops on a range of hot industry topics, which were accredited by Continuing Professional Development. The workshops and seminars provided attendees with the latest insights and understanding of latest technologies, techniques and processes redefining the sector. Running alongside MEE 2018, the inaugural Global Smart Energy Summit (GSES) was a huge success, providing a forum for international thought leaders and innovation champions from the fields of energy, space, technology and governance to map out the future of smart energy. MEE 2018 was held under the patronage of HH Sheikh Maktoum Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai Deputy Ruler, from 6-8 March 2018 and is hosted by the UAE Ministry of Energy. Middle East Electricity 2019 will run from March 5-7, 2019. For more information, please visit - www.middleeastelectricity.com/ globalsmartenergysummit/en/home.html Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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Photo Source: AETOSWire

Dubai Breaks Ground on World’s Biggest CSP Project HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, broke ground on 4th phase of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park. This is the biggest Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) investment project in the world, based on the Independent Power Producer (IPP) model, and will generate 700MW on a single site. It will have the world’s tallest solar tower at 260 metres, and the largest thermal energy storage capacity in the world. It will provide clean energy to 270,000 residences, reducing 1.4 million tonnes of carbon emissions annually. The project will use two technologies: a 600MW parabolic basin complex and a 100MW solar tower, over 43 square kilometres. This project, with AED14.2 billion in investments, achieved the lowest Levelised Cost of Electricity (LCOE) of USD 7.3 cents per kW/h. HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum said that developing the UAE’s infrastructure is top priority for the leadership and vital to raising the country’s global competitiveness. HE Saeed Mohammed Al Tayer, MD & CEO of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) said that the project supports the directives of

HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum to expedite the pace of clean and renewable energy projects to secure a happy future and enhance the quality of life for future generations in an economy that doesn’t rely on oil. This will also achieve the Dubai Clean Energy Strategy 2050 to provide 75% of Dubai’s total power output from clean sources. Mohammad Abu Nayyan, Chairman of ACWA Power, said, “We are proud of our role in obtaining the lowest price globally for the second phase of the solar park. Today we are driving price reduction for CSP projects globally, achieving more than just one unprecedented world record, by constructing the world’s tallest solar tower and providing the highest storage capacity.” Cao Min, President of Shanghai Electric, said, “On behalf of Shanghai Electric, I would like to express warm congratulations on the groundbreaking of this project, which is by far the largest and most advanced CSP project co-developed by DEWA and ACWA Power and implemented by Shanghai Electric as EPC contractor.”


Ready to take the next step in your engineering career? Why a PhD in Engineering Systems Management should be on your radar. To be a great engineer, there is obviously a whole range of technical skills and competencies you must possess, depending on your area of specialization. However, as engineers climb the corporate ladder, the emphasis on technical skills starts to taper off, replaced by an increased demand for managerial and financial skills – the type of skills you need to lead people, oversee complex projects, and keep budgets on track. Nowhere is this more important for engineers than in the GCC, where government and private investments into infrastructure and other largescale projects are seeing an increased demand 32

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for engineers who not only possess technical expertise, but who also know how to lead and manage. This demand has seen the College of Engineering at American University of Sharjah (AUS) launch a new PhD program in Engineering Systems Management. The program has been specifically designed for engineers who are ambitious to expand their technical role into a management position, or open up new career paths in other engineering fields.


However, the new PhD is not just for those engineers looking to progress in the corporate world. With international recognition and accreditation , the program is also ideal for those looking to further their academic careers in engineering. With world-class research facilities on offer (including 49 engineering laboratories), AUS is seen as a regional leader in scientific and engineering research, making it a popular destination for graduate study. American University of Sharjah currently offers seven undergraduate engineering degrees, and eight engineering master’s programs, with the PhD in Engineering–Engineering Systems Management (PhD ESM), the first PhD to be offered by the university. This particular field was selected by the university as its first doctoral program largely because of the need in the UAE, and neighboring countries, for the knowledge and skill-set afforded by the program. As governments invest in creating knowledge-based economies driven by innovation, this program will help to address

research, knowledge and skills gaps, and generate a cohort that can lead scientific and engineering advancements in the region. Key components of the program have therefore been mapped to areas where there is the greatest regional demand for expertise, including supply chain management, sustainable construction, project management, smart cities management and engineering management. Emphasis is placed on delivering students with broad competencies that can be applied across a multitude of jobs and that will be increasingly relevant as the world of work changes. Such skills include financial knowhow, leadership and networking. Dr. Richard Schoephoerster, Dean of the College of Engineering at AUS, is confident of the role the PhD will play in the region’s continued economic development. He says: “Governments across the GCC are committed to a large number of nation-building projects, Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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from vast infrastructure developments, to national health care initiatives. All these projects need engineers, across all engineering specialties. What these projects also need, however, are engineers with the leadership expertise to deliver these projects. The PhD in Engineering–Engineering Systems Management can specifically address this need. “Having world-class engineering programs available at this level will also help to foster a culture of scientific endeavor. It is important that people looking to pursue programs at this level are given the opportunity to do so here in the Middle East, and not have to travel abroad to Europe or America. Making this program available in the UAE, and having it informed by regional experience and understanding, is essential to ensuring participants of the program are being given the expertise needed to make a positive impact in the region and meet the specific environmental and economic challenges that we are faced with in the Middle East.” The PhD consists of core courses, including methodological courses related to aspects of theoretical and applied research. In addition, students are required to undertake six elective courses, which are selected according to

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student interests. Students are also obliged to complete a doctoral dissertation, allowing them to pursue cutting-edge research and generate original scientific work that can be published in academic journals. Faculty from the College of Engineering will work side-by-side with PhD students, acting as mentors as students navigate the program. Dean Schoephoerster says that the university is now accepting applications for the PhD, and that anyone with a strong academic background in any engineering field should think about applying: “AUS prides itself on diversity, and we are looking for candidates for the PhD program from a wide range of engineering programs and careers, from the Middle East, and further afield. We also hope to see a large number of female engineers apply for the program. Nearly 39 percent of the students in our master’s degree programs in the College of Engineering are women, and we would like to see similar figures reflected at the doctoral level.” To find out more about the PhD in ESM, including admission requirements and course structure, please visit our website: www.aus. edu/cen/phdesm.


5 Ways to Inspire Engineers Using Criticism Find ways to up your inspire your employees who don’t respond to other means. provided. Find it a priority to always thank them for their contributions and praise them for what they have delivered. Always let them know that you value them before you point out any mistakes. Nobody likes a conversation that starts negatively.

Get to the point

Criticism is not always such a negative thing. There are ways where you can guide your employees by using an honest, direct, yet respectful approach. With the right process and usage, criticism can be an effective tool to inspire your employees. Supervisory roles require constant feedback, and there are some times where you just can’t get the message through. There are people who need to be critiqued in order to tackle and overcome areas of improvement. Here are some ways you can guide these type of workers into being more efficient in improving themselves.

Listening is important While pointing out mistakes is effective in telling your employees what to work on, listening is just as important. Often times, employees are affected by multiple stimuli

which causes them to not be at their best. Talking to them and hearing them out can help you understand what causes these things and allows you to create an environment for them to grow.

Don’t point fingers Let’s be honest, there are times where you think it might be better to just put the blame on someone. But that’ll just get you nowhere, and it might strike a big blow to your team’s morale. Instead of saying “You always don’t submit your reports on time,” you can say “Your reports need to be turned in in X days, otherwise we won’t be able to move forward.” This removes any negative criticism while still getting the message delivered.

Always add positive reinforcement It’s not nice to hear criticism right away when feedback is

Criticism is about being as direct as possible. You won’t get anywhere by flowering up your words and by beating around the bush. Instead of saying “this needs work,” tell them which part needs what. As an example, “your presentation needs a little work” might translate better as “your presentation needs facts presented in a way that’s easier to understand.” This removes the “guessing game” factor from their improvement and sets them to a more forward course.

Always schedule a follow-up Feedback is not over on the first conversation. You’ll always have to give your employee time to work on their improvement. If you notice a positive change in their actions and results, be sure to give them a pat on the back or a simple “Good work!” If they don’t show any change, then you’ll know that it’s time to take the next step or to look at other ways to handle it.

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PAC Technologies Establishes Stateof-The-Art Headquarters at Dubai Industrial Park PAC Technologies LLC recently opened its new state-of-the-art headquarters at Dubai Industrial Park (DI), the industrial district within Dubai Wholesale City (DWSC). Spanning an area of 73000 sq feet within DI, the new industrial landmark conforms to the Dubai Municipality green building mandate, hosting a well-integrated laboratory, R&D center, offices, and three production lines that will cater to the growing need of the export market for construction chemicals. The event drew a host of high-profile guests including Sheikh Tahnoun bin Saeed AlNahyan, 36

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His Excellency Fouad Chehab Dandan, Ambassador of Lebanon in the UAE, Abdulla Belhoul, Chief Executive Officer of Dubai Wholesale City, Saud Abu Shawareb, Chief Operating Officer of Dubai Industrial Park and Michel Nachef, Managing Director and Founder of PAC Technologic LLC, along with senior officials from DI, Dubai Civil Defense, Dubai Police, and Dubai Municipality. Speaking at the ceremony, Abdula Belhoul said: “I would like to congratulate PAC Technologies on their new manufacturing premises, and I warmly welcome them as a new member of the Dubai Industrial Park community.”


He added: “Small and medium enterprises are recognised worldwide for their vital importance in generating jobs, and instilling the spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship in the economies. This important segment has been on the UAE government’s radar for a long time. It supports nationwide efforts to create economic diversity, and is in line with the government vision for the UAE’s post-oil economic growth. Dubai Industrial Park is an integral component in realizing the Dubai Industrial Strategy, and as a leading destination for industry, trade and logistics in the region, part of our mandate is to contribute to the realization of the UAE’s visions and plans to transform the economy into one that is driven by innovation.” Nachef said: “Our new HQ is proof of our contribution to UAE leadership’s vision of facilitating and growing the industrial sector. With Expo 2020 coming soon and our strategic objective of expanding in the MENA region, Dubai Industrial Park was the strategic location

to meet our current and potential market demands.” PAC Technologies’ new home is fitted with filters, dust collectors and chemical equipment storage, which increase efficiency and comply to international standards for health and safety requirements. The new headquarters will offer dedicated leisure facilities for the PAC workforce. PAC Technologies specializes in the trading and manufacturing of construction chemicals; the company supplied the market with high quality construction chemicals & green building products. Having started as a greenfield company, PAC have manufactured some of the key products used in major projects across the region such as Barakah Nuclear Power Plant project in Abu Dhabi along with key projects in UAE and MENA region.

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4 Steps on How Engineers Can Deal With Mental Health Problems at Work Do something about it before it gets worse.

Not much attention is given to mental health as compared to physical health in the workplace. When you’re depressed, stressed, or overly fatigued, you are most likely just to shrug it off rather than talk to your boss or human resource manager about it, because the odds are that you cannot catch a break anyway due to company policies. For engineers, this can be really damaging

Check if the workplace is mental-health friendly

Even as students, engineers already experience different kinds of mental health problems. With the overwhelming academic requirements, this is a common phenomenon. It becomes a more pressing problem when it carries over to work. The job of an engineer is still so mentally draining, and some could not handle it.

Take time away from work

So what should you do? Here are four steps:

Find a therapist Or perhaps a friend or a counselor that could help you go through the process of releasing that tensions. Because the workplace of engineers might not be the best place to seek for this kind of assistance, go find a therapist or a mental health professional outside of work. Someone that could suggest you what’s the best thing for you to do.

One can only assume that engineering workplaces aren’t mental-health friendly. But what if yours is? Ask around and do your homework of finding out if your colleagues and boss are willing to discuss mental health. This is still taboo for many, but at least try.

You have vacation leaves at work, use that to take a break and get an escape from work. Perhaps what keeps you in that mental health state for a long time is that you have been feeling burdened due to the workload, and you have been thinking about them a lot. So it’s a good suggestion to take time away from work – this is something that your therapist would say.

Find another job if necessary Upon coming back from that break and that didn’t work, perhaps it’s not you – it’s the engineering job itself or it’s your boss. This is a big step to take but you also have to take care of your mental health in the long run. Make the change.


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Cover Story

HOW NIKOLA TESLA LIT UP THE WORLD A Genius’ Story of Alternation Fates Words by Francis Bautista and Kevin Facun Photos by Tesla Universe and Tesla Collection

Humanity has come a long way in terms of the way we power our technology. From manual labor, our ancestors sought alternative sources of power for centuries to push the boundaries of our industries. Eventually, they stumbled upon a means to harness energy from moving electrons. From there, our skies became adorned with power lines that deliver electricity straight to our homes, ready for use. In place of torches in our homes are now lightbulbs that come alive with a simple flip of a switch. The history of electricity production shows a battle of contributions to bring forth the best form for delivering electric energy. Up to the present, the modern alternating current (AC) reigns supreme as the leading form which electricity is distributed commercially. And throughout time, Nikola Tesla’s contributions in developing AC as the form of electricity for commercial use amidst competition and financial struggles are unmatched to this day. It pays to wonder just what genius paved the way for humanity to make use of electricty for daily living. Indeed, its wonders would have been all but a dream if not for the story of a man who built its concepts to where they are now.


Early Sparks

On July 10, 1856, Nikola Tesla was born to Milutin Tesla and Duka Tesla in the village Smiljan, in present day Croatia. In his early years, Tesla would repeatedly suffer from illness. These include seeing visions and blinding flashes of light before his eyes. Such visions were accompanied by his ideas including solutions to particular problems he encountered. Tesla was also prone to disease in his early years. He contracted cholera in 1873, wherein he was bedridden for nine months and neared death multiple times. Still suffering from the disease, however, he ran from home to Tomingaj. There he explored the mountains and became stronger, both physically and mentally. Throughout his journeys, Tesla read many of Mark Twain’s works which aided in his miraculous recovery from cholera, according to him. As a child, he had the ability to visualize his future inventions in great detail. These visions are of extreme precision – comprising of the device’s dimensions prior to its construction. This ability enabled him to use his own memory instead of making sketches of his inventions. Tesla also had frequent flashbacks during his childhood about events that occured in his past.

His Potential’s Origins

Nikola was born to a family of seven. His father, Milutin Tesla served as an Eastern Orthodox priest. On the other hand, his mother, Duka Tesla, had a knack for for crafting mechanical appliances and memorizing Serbian epic poems despite not receiving a formal education. In his family, Nikola was the second youngest among five siblings. His sisters named Angelina, Marica, and Milka, and a brother named Dane who died in a horse riding accident when he was only five.


Charges that Repel and Attract

Throughout his life, Tesla never married and preferred to be chaste. This, he believed, helped him in his scientific endeavors. Once, he held great regard for women but later changed mind when they started taking positions that were usually occupied by men. The pursuit of power by women, for him, made them lose their femininity. Up to the end, Tesla chose to disregard any form of relationships and resorted his full attention instead to his work. Thus, he became prone to seclude himself with his work. In the few times he attended social events, many people found him to be admirable, noting his “distinguished sweetness, generosity, and force.” Julian Hawthorne, a close friend of Tesla, noted the peculiar things he was fond of aside from his work. These include poetry, philosophy, fine music, language, and food. In the realm of science, Tesla became good friends with Robert Underwood, Francis Marion Crawford, Stanford White, Johnson, Fritz Lowenstein, among others. He also became close acquaintances of Mark Twain, renowned novelist. Often, they spent a great deal of time together even outside of his laboratory.

Powering His Interests

Tesla credited his mother for his creative abilities and eidetic memory due to her knack for crafting tools and mechanical appliances. Such gifts her mother possessed despite not receiving a formal education. In 1870, Tesla headed for Karlovac to attend high school at the Higher Real Gymnasium. During his stay, initial curiosities on electricity grew in him during demonstrations by his physics professor. He later referred to the sparks as a “mysterious phenomena” that urged him to know more. Tesla’s gifts in mathematics began to show, being able to perform integral calculus in his head. He graduated in 1873, within three years instead of the expected four, further attesting to his skill. 42

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Amplifying Talents through Education Tesla attended Austrian Polytechnic In 1875 through a Military Frontier scholarship. He excelled on his first year, never missing a lecture and earning top marks in class. He also formed a Serb cultural club and later on, received a letter of commendation from the dean to his father which read, “Your son is a star of first rank.” Tesla also studied electric components, formulating his own designs which even grew to arguments with his professors over the supposed lack of purpose of commutators in a Grammo Dynamo.

In his first year in the Polytechnic, Tesla worked extended hours due to his father making light of his awards. In his second year however, Tesla became addicted to gambling, causing him to lose his scholarship. This extended to playing billiards, until such time that his examinations came up and he was unable to prepare. Due to this, he did not get his marks for the last semester of the third year and left the university without graduating. To hide his predicament in school, Tesla left Graz and severed ties with his family in December 1878. He moved to Maribor and served as a draftsman for 60 florins per month. He later headed back to Gospić for being caught not having a residence permit. Upon his return, Tesla gave lessons to a large class in his old school in Gospić.


As a would-be professional, Tesla got his first taste of the industry when he moved to Budapest, Hungary, and worked at its Telephone Exchange. Construction was yet to finish when he arrived, so he served instead as a draftsman in the Central Telegraph Office. With his help, the Budapest Telephone Exchange became functional in just a few months. Due to this, Tesla was given the chief electrician position. During his time in the Exchange, Tesla greatly improved the equipment of the Central Station. Later on, he even claimed to have perfected a telephone repeater or amplifier that was never put on patent or given a proper description.

The Forgotten Inventor

“The progressive development of man is vitally dependent on invention. It is the most important product of his creative brain. Its ultimate purpose is the complete mastery of the mind over the material world, the harnessing of the forces of nature to human needs,” Tesla’s words in his autobiography entitled My Inventions published in 2006. Nikola Tesla was a genius of the first magnitude. He is considered to have possessed one of the greatest minds in all of man’s history. But more than his cognitive prowess, he was a technological visionary. He could envision great things and make them work. Throughout his life, he was admired, mocked, and doubted altogether. In fact, a lot of scientific figures we now look up to have benefitted a humongous deal out of his life’s works. As an inventor, he acquired around 300 patents worldwide for his inventions, some of which are still not accounted for.

It was Tesla who designed and developed ideas for the alternating current (AC) electrical system which soon became recognized as the worldwide standard for power systems in the birth of the 20th century. His dreams and esoteric ideas also pioneered the groundwork for hydroelectric power plants through which he harnessed energy from the Niagara Falls to power the city of Buffalo in New York. Among other breakthroughs he should be celebrated for is his creation of the Tesla Coil—the heart of an electric circuit which pumped blood and oxygen to an era of wireless communication. He used this coil to study fluorescence, x-rays, radio, wireless power and electromagnetism in the earth and its atmosphere. Tesla’s incredible legacy can be seen in almost every device and machinery from remote control to intelligent guided missiles. Yet somehow, history has overlooked this remarkable man.

This widely publicized photo (background) was explained by Tesla as a dual exposure. Anyone sitting within such electrical activity would be killed immediately.


Unfortunate Death

A foreigner and immigrant who arrived in America with only a few cents in his pocket and a deep well filled with dreams, Tesla struggled hard to realize his life quest and mission. Being the proud and sometimes arrogant man that he once was, he shared no care for superficial wealth and worked day and night in pursuit of the great scientific find; one enormous discovery after the other. “Money does not represent such a value as men have placed upon it. All my money has been invested into experiments with which I have made new discoveries enabling mankind to have a little easier life,” his words in “A Visit to Nikola Tesla” by Dragislav L. Petković in Politika (April 1927). His life nothing short of spectacular would have been more incredible if not of his commercial vulnerability and impracticality. Tesla peeks out the door of the Colorado Springs Laboratory. Early summer, 1899.

While he neglected the fact that he needed to earn profit and stability from his inventions, a lot of people made a fortune out of them. In 1904, the US Patent Office even reversed its previous


decision and gave Marconi the patent for radio while consequently a year later Tesla’s patent for alternating current expired which allowed everyone to use his invention and make themselves billionaires out of it. Broke with no money to carry on his work, the inventor has been isolated from the world and was left to care for injured pigeons in a hotel room provided by the generosity of the people he once knew. In 1937, the then old Tesla was hit by a taxi a few blocks away from his hotel leaving him with three broken ribs at the age of 81. With debts and no family of his own to look after him, it was the Westinghouse executives who volunteered to pay for his room and board in recognition to Tesla’s contributions back in the day for the company. And it was the Christmas season of the year 1942, when Nikola Tesla, inventor of the Tesla coil, the induction motor and hundreds of other electrical devices, died in his humble room at the age of 87.

A Legacy that Spread like Wildfire

Nikola Tesla’s legacy never ceased to be honored in the present time. In fact, Tesla inspired a group of engineers in 2003 into founding an electric motor company under his name, inventing the first high-performance fullyelectric powered sports car. Other than that, a lot of movies where derived from his life, to add the creation of the Tesla Science Center in 2008, on the very same ground of his former Wardenclyffe property where he used to work on his late life, Free Power Project.

Once wronged and unappreciated, the forgotten inventor will always be attributed as the master of lightning and the man who lit up the world. Also as the father of electricity.

Nikola Tesla photographed working in his office at 8 West 40th Street taken in 1916.


Engineering researchers from UAE trailblazing in cancer treatments, energy harvesting and robotics Researchers from American University of Sharjah’s (AUS) College of Engineering are benefitting from the university’s new research agenda, with students and faculty working on research projects likely to have a global impact. The patron of the university, His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member, Ruler of Sharjah and President of AUS, has publicly committed to supporting research initiatives at the university by opening up additional areas of graduate study and creating a world-class research 46

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environment. He said at a university event held for AUS alumni in January: “Our focus will be on interdisciplinary programs such as biomedical technology, smart cities, material science, environment and artificial intelligence. This also means creating an attractive research environment that helps AUS attract distinguished faculty and students.” For Dr. Ghaleb Husseini, Associate Dean for Graduate Affairs and Research in the College of Engineering, this commitment to research has


comes to cancer research, the best results are generated when working across different disciplines in this way. We are fortunate that at American University of Sharjah we have this level of diversity in talent, as well as laboratory equipment that is truly world-class.”

allowed him to pursue a project that will positively influence the way in which many cancers are treated. Dr. Husseini is leading a research initiative at AUS where chemotherapy treatment is applied directly to the site of a cancer. The groundbreaking treatment sees only the site of the cancer itself impacted by the drug, thereby reducing many of the adverse side effects traditionally associated with chemo, such as hair loss, immune system compromises and nausea. The breakthrough has been facilitated by the resources available at the university, including a Drug Delivery Laboratory, just one of the

49 engineering laboratories located at the university. Dr. Husseini says of his work at AUS: “The size and resources of the university’s engineering college allows us to engage in interdisciplinary research projects, drawing on the expertise of faculty across many fields of engineering, including chemical, electrical, mechanical, biomedical, computing and others. For complex problems, it is essential to have this spectrum of knowledge and understanding, bringing it all together to tackle problems that just a generation ago seemed intractable. When it

The College of Engineering is also home to one of the world’s most efficient energy harvesting chips, which gathers energy from the air and converts it into easily accessible battery power. The device works by harnessing electromagnetic radiation from different sources and then reusing it to energize low-power circuits. The chip is reported to be one of the best when it comes to efficiency, and is one of the smallest of its kind to date. The project was led by Dr. Lutfi Albasha, Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, with several graduate and undergraduate engineering students supporting him on the project. Like Dr. Husseini’s chemotherapy research, this project is set to have real benefit on large parts of the population, with potential uses of the chip including being placed in medical chips that monitor blood sugar levels in people with diabetes; powering wireless sensors on bridges, roads and buildings to monitor structural safety; and improving the battery life of mobile phones. In the field of robotics, a team of researchers from the College of Engineering has been successful in creating a robot that can detect pipeline leaks. Using an algorithm Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

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that enables high accuracy localization, the robot overcomes navigation problems often associated with in-pipe inspection robots. Wireless communications have also been added to the robot, allowing an operator to use the device remotely and receive real-time data, making it easier to find and repair leaks. The project received AED 1 million last year, when it won the UAE AI and Robotics for Good, National Category. The commercialization of projects like this are likely to receive a boost when the Sharjah Research, Technology and Innovation Park, being built adjacent to the AUS campus, opens. The park will be home to a number of knowledge-intensive businesses, leveraging the intellectual and academic capabilities of the university. The park is seeking to attract businesses operating in fields of importance to the UAE economy, including water technology, renewable energy, transportation and logistics, production, design and architecture, environmental technology and digitization. Through the park, research projects at AUS will be given increased opportunities for investment and development, making

the benefits of AUS felt more widely in the community. AUS Chancellor Dr. Björn Kjerfve says of the university’s research direction: “Now is an exciting time to engage in research at AUS. Our university is home to some of the region’s best research facilities, allowing our talented faculty and their students the opportunity to embark on ambitious research projects that have a tangible impact on the way we all live our lives. With the support of His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, the university’s research agenda will continue to grow, as will the impact of this research. I look forward to seeing many of the research projects we currently have underway at the university come to fruition, and to launching new research initiatives that will help to make the UAE known globally for its research capacity and capability.” For more information about the AUS College of Engineering, including the research projects it is currently pursuing, visit www.aus.edu/cen.


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Is Your Engineering Job Making You Sick? Here’s What You Should Do There’s something you can do about your work-related stress.

When you are an engineer with a very demanding job, you are most likely to experience stress all the time. And it is a bad thing because it is proven in research studies that the human brain and body have trouble distinguishing between the kind of stress caused by real danger, like a house being on fire, and perceived danger, like a boss with lots of demands. But no matter, stress has a negative effect on your body especially if you are an engineer. There are so many sources of stress in engineering like the work environment and the demands of the job, which could release hormones and chemicals to speed up your heart rate, increase blood pressure, and stimulate your muscles. Under such circumstances your bodies become more alert and responsive, which is rather normal. But if it becomes a regular thing, it isn’t healthy anymore – the body cannot sustain that level of readiness for long periods of time and is susceptible to breaking down. That could manifest in many ways like chronic headaches, nausea, insomnia, even heart attacks, hypertension, and stroke. It is now obvious that the direct link of the work stress to your body is scary. So what can engineers do about this? Just two things: 50

Power & Water Leaders • April 2018

Identify the sources of stress The key to solving this problem is to monitor your activities and check which ones are making you stressed. List down all your daily activities and identify where you having difficulty dealing things with. It takes about a week for you to be able to identify your biggest sources of stress. Look for patterns. Remember that it can be the job itself, that you are not fit for that kind of engineering job.

Make the adjustments Once you have pointed out which things are making you stressed at work, make the necessary adjustments. You can change the way you work your body and mind, set boundaries that serve you, and give voice to your thoughts. Manage what needs to be managed. If everything seems to be out of place, it is a career mismatch. It’s best to leave that job. You can also take this route if you feel like there’s nothing you can do about the sources of your stress anymore.


April 2018 Power and Water Leaders Issue 012  

GineersNow Power and Water Leaders Issue 012

April 2018 Power and Water Leaders Issue 012  

GineersNow Power and Water Leaders Issue 012

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