Page 1

Loyola School 6th grade Nonfiction Magazine English and Language Arts Period 1

Topics Space …………………….... 3

Disease and Illness …..10

The Atomic Bomb …... 16

The Titanic ……………… 22

GMO’s……………….…….. 28

Space Black Hole Space Junk 6



page 7

Black Holes

page 8

The Milky Way ISS page 9


About the Authors Hi! My name is Roisin and I am a 24 year old lawyer. In my spare time I like to sing, travel and cook. Hi, my name is Kai Quar,. If you are a nerd then you will know what that means.

Hello, my name is Arshon Shingo and I live in a Lagoon. I also like to sleep.

Hello, my name is Ervin and I like to explore the International Space Station.

Space Vocabulary: LEO: LEO stands for Low, Earth, Orbit. The LEO is about 1,200 miles above our planet’s surface. Space Debris: Space junk, or debris is man-made trash that is stuck in space. Earth in particular has a lot of space junk in its orbit. A lot of this includes old satellites, fragments from their erosion.

A Satellite

Catastrophe: Involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering. Atmosphere: The envelope of gases surrounding the earth or another planet. Weather Satellites: A weather satellite is a type of satellite that is primarily used to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth. Satellites can be polar orbiting, covering the entire Earth. Blue Shifting: blue shifting is when light gains energy and gets stronger infinitesimal: infinitesimal means infinitely small Figures:

The ISS Crew


Space junk is trash that floats in space. Some orbits the Earth while other trash justs floats around. 73% of tracked debris in LEO. It is estimated that hundreds of millions of pieces of space trash are now floating in our region of the solar system. About 1,000 times per day, debris and satellites pass less than 5 miles from each other! The worst part of space trash is the danger it poses to satellites. Many satellites have been damaged because of space trash. Since Earth’s gravitational field brings in a lot of space trash and lowers it into LEO

A Weather Satellite

On February 10, 2009, the 15,000 miles per hour collision of the private Iridium 33 satellite and Cosmos 2251, a Russian military spacecraft, left a trail of about 2,000 pieces of LEO debris. Also, in 2007, China internationally destroyed one of their weather satellites in space. This event led to a 900-piece cloud of debris. Together, these two events combined increased the number of junk in LEO by more than 60%!

LEO has the highest concentration of space debris. Space Junk around Earth in 2013

Supernovas By: Arshon Supernovae are stars that suddenly increase in brightness due to a catastrophic explosion that emits most of its mass. Sometimes Supernovae can, if their gravity overcomes the strength of the explosion, implode a second time and focus all the mass into a single point in spacetime, this is called a black hole. The material ejected by the star's explosion can sometimes travel at 30,000 KM per second. Also, the energy released from a supernova is so powerful it can sometimes take 3 months for the light to fade. A supernova was believed to be the cause of the dinosaurs extinction (just a theory).


There are some cons to a supernova explosion. A good distance from a supernova to not harm the earth is between 50-100 light years away. If to close its particles could pass the atmosphere hitting earth. The particles have so much power, the atmosphere can't stop it. During the explosion, luminous radiations and the particles are expelled into outer space. The amount of energy radiated in one supernova explosion is equal to the amount of energy that has been radiated by our sun so far, plus the energy that it will radiate for the rest of its life. There aren't really any pros to a supernova explosion because they don't help us in any way.


Black Holes By : Kai Quark Black

holes are the subject of many questions and theories, they are very mysterious things. There are three types of black holes, supermassive black holes, intermediate-mass black holes, and stellar black holes. Stellar black holes are formed by a supernova that collapses in on itself, this creates a small but very dense black hole, which is called a stellar black hole. The milky way may have millions or billions of stellar black holes, but on the other end of the spectrum, there are the supermassive black holes. Supermassive black holes are huge, they have a mass of millions and billions of times the mass of our own sun but look just the same size. No one knows how supermassive black holes are formed, they could be formed by millions or billions of stellar black holes merging with each other, they could also be formed by the collapse of very large gas clouds, the last is a cluster of stars getting crushed together. Supermassive black holes are expected to be at the center of every galaxy. Stellar black holes are like humans while supermassive black holes are like gods. A recent “discovery” is that scientists may have found an intermediate-mass black hole in 2014, which they now call an IMBH. IMBHs could have been made by little clusters of stars colliding, and maybe, if there are enough of the colliding clusters, they could all come together to form a supermassive black hole. The first thing considered to be a black hole was Cygnus X-1. Geiger counters on rockets found new X-ray sources, eight of them. Scientists found radio waves coming from Cygnus X-1, and they found the black hole in 1971.

What is a black hole? A black hole is collapsed matter that is massive but condensed into one small point, because of the mass, the black hole also has such a powerful gravitational pull, things would have to go faster than the speed of light to escape from it, even light itself. Black holes have two parts, the event horizon, and the singularity, the event horizon is the “one way shield” where when light passes through it can't escape, the gravity is infinite or “constant” past the event horizon, the singularity is the point in space where all the mass is located. Since light cannot escape from a black hole then how do we see them? The only way for us to detect a black hole is to look for the matter that sometimes bounces off the event horizon and streaks away at almost the speed of light. How do black holes get bigger? All black holes consume the rogue gas and dust floating around in the vacuum of space, which makes their mass grow. What happens to the stuff the black hole consumed? Matter that is eaten by the black hole becomes infinitesimal and gains infinite mass, but before that its atoms would be stretched like spaghetti, this is called spaghettification, also once it got to the event horizon it would be melted or burned because of the light outside blue shifting infinitely, and gaining infinite energy. Can black holes die? Black holes slowly deteriorate because of something called hawking's radiation, this is an extremely slow process, so slow in fact that it would take ten unvigintillion or 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 ,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 years for a black hole with the mass of our sun to die from the process. When black holes die they emit radiation, if the black hole had the mass of our sun, the radiation would be 146,166,666,666,666,666,666,666,666,666.666666666666 6667 times all the nuclear weapons in the history of the earth.

Dying black hole Black hole

International Space Station By Ervin Alpagot The International Space Station has many different interesting tools and supplies that people can use while they live there. For example, they have a treadmill, food, and water. In the International Space Station they have scientific technology to figure out more about the world in outer space. The International Space Station is bigger than a football field. The Iss is larger than a six-bedroom house`

ISS crew on board

Disease and Illness Mental illness is a brain based disorder

Mental Illness at School page 13 Ebola

page 14

Cell Cancer

page 15

Cell Cancer is rotting cells

West african village affected by Ebola

About the Authors My name is Thalia Barns. I started out my career on Broadway playing the role of Annie in Annie. Then, one passion led to another, and here I am today; a professional writer along with having my Broadway career.

My name is Felicia de boutique I am a russian hacker and that’s all I have to say.

My name is Mia Rose and I am the first person on earth to discover mermaids. I am a proud marine biologist and love turtles. I have 2 dogs. A pug and corgi. And I love swimming and dance.

Disease and Illness Vocabulary: Disease: a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury.

What diseases can look like inside of the body

Illness: a disease or period of sickness affecting the body or mind. Virus: An ultramicroscopic infectious agent. Outbreak: A sudden appearance of something like a disease or something dangerous or unpleasant.

Virus cells

Mutate: When something makes more of itself or changes and alters. Cancer Cells: A normal cell that has rotted or gone bad.

Diseased Cells

Mental Illness at School By: Thalia Barns


id you know that one out every five children have a

mental illness, and most of the time schools don't help? Schools need to start reaching out and helping their students through their disabilities. Mental illness can come in many different forms, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, narcissistic, paranoia, and plenty more. Normal kids just like you go through many struggles every day but most of them don't show it. “I felt like I had a black cloud hanging constantly over my head”. Kids can't escape from these bad feelings easily. Usually, it takes a lot of help in order to get rid of these, but how do they get help?

Somethings kids can get called.

Most schools have a school psychologist but kids and teachers (also staff members) do not usually reach out so they become useless. Even if the kids do get help still nearly 80% of kids who need these services don't get them. Kids at school with mental health issues go through some harsh problems such as trouble focusing, it is boring and can’t make sense to them, processing information, can be anxious and depressed, also have trouble facing social challenges, some of them if frustrated can act out. Some kids at school feel like “the whole world is crashing in on me” and “everyday is a struggle”. School is a nightmare for them, how do we change this? Most students say that their struggles started to go away when they finally met with someone who finally started to take interest in what was wrong. It just takes one person to help to stop someone's troubles, or even save their life. Even though you can't see it someone may be struggling, and if you do see them please help them by telling someone.

What goes through kids heads.

Ebola By Felicia

Africa was the first Continent to be infected by one of the rarest and most deadly viruses ever Ebola. Ebola also known as the Hemorrhagic fever kills almost 90% of people who are affected. Although it may look very contagious it is not as contagious as say the flu or a cold because it spreads to people when they have contact with the skin or bodily fluids. You can not get the virus from air or food or water that’s why people don't often get it. Although the most recent epidemic of the ebola outbreak killed many people it was a whopping 11,315 people who were recorded dead in 2014 in six different countries Guinea, Nigeria , The US, Sierra Leone and Mali. The Ebola Virus is one of the most painful viruses in the world it has many symptoms that all happen at once. Such as damaging of the immune system and organs, high fever , joint and muscle aches, headaches, weakness, sore throat, lack of appetite and excessive abdominal pain. Although the infection is malignant it is curable but not in most cases. Doctors at the least can manage the symptoms with fluids, oxygen, electrolytes, treatments for other diseases, blood transfusions and blood pressure medications.

Men in hazmat suits helping West African village.

Map of where Ebola hit and how bad it is.

Ebola has sadly has taken the life of many children and women and men so it is important to take care of ourselves even if it's just having a healthy snack after school or washing our hands after we go to the bathroom. But we all should be careful and courteous for ourselves and others.

West African house and village.

Cell Cancer By Mia Rose

Many different types and forms of cells make up our body. We have white and red blood cells. They are the reason we grow. But sometimes things can go wrong. Our cells can start rotting creating what’s called a cancer cell. Everyone can get cancer cells, but they usually just die off. But sometimes the cells do what is called mutation. Mutation is when cells multiply or change. When these cancer cells mutate, they make more cancer cells that spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer Cells forming

When the cancer cells mutate, they start creating stages that get worse as they grow. Like stage one, two, three, and four. These cancer cells do give pain to your body, such as caching or muscle pain. To cure these cancer cells, there is a presigure called chemotherapy. It helps the cancer cells die or disappear. There is also regular surgery. All the doctors have to do is find the cancer cells and take them out of your body. When the cancer cells are gone, there is a chance they will come back.


Cancer Cells Mutating

The Atomic Bomb How Does The Atomic Bomb Work? page 19 Who Made The Atomic Bomb? page 20 The Pearl Harbor Revenge page 21

About the Authors My name is Kevin Dingo. I like to eat soup, noodles, and occasionally Ramen in my freetime. Derek Reef is a Marine Biologist who specializes in the study of present day and prehistoric sharks.

My name is Colin Bomb. I like to play football and scuba dive in my free time.

The Atomic Bomb Vocabulary: Explosion: An explosion is a destructive act of blowing up of something usually caused by a bomb. Fusion: Fusion means no more than to join two or more thing into one. Fusion is a process they use to make thermonuclear bombs. Nucleus: Typically a single rounded structure bounded by a double membrane. Radioactive: Emitting or relating to the emission of ionizing radiation or particles. Atomic: A substance that consists of uncombined atoms rather than molecules.


By Colin Bomb

Atomic bombs are weapons of mass destruction, but how do they work? The answer is filled with many explanations. But first I have to explain neutrons. Neutrons are made of particles, they can make energy two ways, being split or being merged. When a single free neutron strikes the nucleus of an atom of radioactive material like uranium or plutonium, it hits two or three more neutrons free. Energy is released when those neutrons split off from the nucleus, and the new neutrons strike other uranium or plutonium nuclei, splitting them in the exact same way, releasing more energy and more neutrons. This chain reaction spreads almost instantly. Hydrogen bombs, which use nuclear fusion, have more power than atomic bombs. Due to the high temperatures required to start a nuclear fusion reaction, the process is often referred to as a thermonuclear explosion. This is normally done with the isotopes of hydrogen (deuterium and tritium) which fuse together to form Helium atoms. This started the term "hydrogen bomb."

Who created the atomic bomb? By: Kevin Dingo “Cynthia C. Kelly, Oppenheimer and The Manhattan Project: Insights Into J Robert Oppenheimer, "Father Of The Atomic Bomb" and Cynthia C. Kelly” were the main creators of the atomic bomb. When Einstein came up with his brilliant equation, E=mc2. E=mc2 squared means energy times mass plus the speed of light squared. When they heard this they knew that they could make something like a colossal explosion out of something relatively small. America benefited greatly in WWll because they opened their doors to refugees. There was a group that was called the “Martians” made of four people from the same neighborhood in Budapest who helped greatly in the making of the “hydrogen bomb” or the atomic bomb. It took them around 27 months to make the bomb. These 3 people didn’t build this bomb alone though. They needed hundreds of physicists, mathematicians, and engineers to build this bomb. Over 100 nazi scientists fled Germany and helped us with the making of the atomic bomb. There were also more than 20 British scientists who helped us make the bomb. Many African American men and women worked for them too.

Albert Einstein. The man that came up with the equation to make the Atomic bomb real

Factory where the Atomic bomb was made

American bomber dropping bomb on Japan

The Pearl Harbor Revenge By: Derek Reef

On December 7th, 1941, Japanese planes attacked on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans. The Battleship U.S.S. Arizona was destroyed and the U.S.S. Oklahoma was capsized, overall, 12 ships went down and nine were damaged. 160 aircraft were destroyed and 150 others were damaged. This would later result in the U.S. declaring war on Japan. On August 6th, 1945, an atomic bomb nicknamed “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The explosion killed thousands of thousands of people and the city was destroyed. The bomb was dropped by a plane named “Enola Gay.” Even though Japan suffered, Emperor Hirohito still didn’t surrender. Three days later, another atomic bomb nicknamed “Fat Man”, was dropped on Nagasaki. Again, there was mass destruction. Six days later, they finally surrendered.

Pearl Harbor


A-Bomb & Enola Gay

The Titanic Background page 25 What Happened page 26 Survivors

page 27

The titanic underwater

About the Authors Hi, my name is Anna. I am from Rome, Italy. I have 1 older sister named Maggie. In my spare time I like to cook, walk my dog, visit the Colosseum, and the Trevi Fountain. I was inspired to write about the Titanic survivors was because, it was a surprising tragedy and I wanted to know more!!!


Hi my name is Keala La blane am from Paris, France. I am 24 years old. I have 2 sisters Lana and Reya. In my spare time I like to cook and take a walk in the city. I got inspired to research about what happened with the Titanic because I recently found out that my great grandfather was a first class passenger who died. Hello my name is George I live in tennessee and I like to eat noodles and I like to study supernovae.

Titanic Vocabulary: Steerage: a part of a ship providing accommodations for passengers with the cheapest tickets. Funnel - a tube or pipe that is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, used for guiding liquid or powder into a small opening and a smokestack, especially of a steamship. Hull- the main body of the ship Promenade- A little deck outside, usually by a waterfront. Portholes- Small round windows, in the ship

Background Info On Titanic By George Before you get into some real depth about the Titanic, you should know some background info. The ship embarked on its voyage on April 10 ,1912. It took 7.5 million dollars to build. The engines weighed 720 tons, and the ship weighed 53310 tons total. The ship could hold 65 lifeboats but there were only 20 on the ship. People were family separated by class, 1st class 2nd class and third class. 319 people were in first class and 270 people were in 2nd class and 699 people were in 3rd class. First class had to pay 70000 (in today's money) dollars per person and some rooms even had a promenade outside the window. Second class had to pay 1700 dollars. Traveling second class on the Titanic was like traveling first class on other ships.

The titanic at sea

Tugboats pulling the titanic to sea

The titanic at sea

What Happened By Keala

The Titanic was the largest ship known to men in 1909. The captain of the Titanic was Edward John Smith. The Titanic hits an iceberg on the side, and the captain tries to avoid the iceberg by the front away from the iceberg. The iceberg does not damage the propellers. Propellers make the ship move on water, but it damaged the ships hull. First, all 5 compartments sunk because they were the closest to the bottom of the ship. As lower class such as the people who stayed in small bunks got sunk. The upper class where staying in nice rooms. They had a gymnasium, swimming pool, libraries, and high class restaurants. While the water started rising up the staircases. The captain was trying to get everybody's attention but everybody was too frantic to notice.

The Titanic at sea

Building the titanic took 3 years to build but it only took 3 hours to sink. You would think that all those workers would be able to keep it afloat. After all, it was considered and called the “Unsinkable” ship. On April 14, 1912, the Titanic entered a valley of icebergs hitting only one on its side. 6 warning messages were sent to the captain though he didn’t stop the ship. He just chose to ignore it. When the workers were building the ship 8 people died and 246 were injured. At the time only men were allowed to work on a big project such as the Titanic.

The Titanic Leaving

The Titanic getting built

Survivors of the Titanic By Anna

There were 706 total survivors from the sinking of the Titanic. The passengers were separated in classes based on their social status and wealth and this made a difference in if they survived or not. If you were in first class you had a much lower percent chance of dying. But in third class you would have a much more percent chance of dying because you were lower down in the ship. In first class, there were American millionaires, a railway magnate and an eminent journalist. In second class people were professors, authors and tourists and third class was primarily immigrants.

Margaret Brown

Since the policy was women and children first to go on the lifeboats. Only 20% of the male passengers survived compared to 75% of the women passengers. Only two dogs survived and they were both lap dogs. The survivors were pulled from the ocean by the rescue ship named Carpathia.

One of the famous survivors was Molly (Margaret) Brown. She was a wealthy, educated woman from Denver, Colorado. She helped people get into the lifeboats and helped the survivors even after they were rescued and in New York. There was a play and a movie about her called "The Unsinkable Molly Brown".

Survivors of lifeboats

Bedrooms in titanic

GMOs Crispr-Cas9

page 31 Genetically Modified Baby

Genetically Modified Humans page 32 High Risks and High Rewards page 33 Super Viruses and Antidotes page 34 The Pros of GMOs page 35 The Cons of GMOs Page 36

Genetically Modified Plants

About the Authors My name is Rhys Gogang. I fake being sick so I can skip school. When I am at school I don't pay attention at all and Im emo and Im a sword swallower. I find my own food at school such as birds.

My name is Siwon Tree Dude. I love to eat squirrels who put acorns in my eyes for winter. I ate Julian’s nice bird family for brunch. I count like this: Juan, too, tree!

My name is Nic TreeDude. I am a fabulous tree that likes to drop acorns.

My name is Julian Treedude and I let birds make their nests in my mouth.

Andrew zBoi likes to play Fortnite, and I am boosh-hider pro. My best shot is 6 m!!!!!! And that was when someone tried to hide in MY boosh. I got lucky. I live in Dickshooter, Idaho.

Shay treedude is very amazing he lives in the center of the earth and on mars because he can. He has two horns because he is a martian and is secretly destroying the earth. Also I have a message for you guys to stop throwing stuff into space because it flattened my house three times already!!

GMO Vocabulary: Crispr: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats GMO: Genetically modified organisms Superweeds and Superbugs: Weeds and Bugs that have become resistant to the pesticides and herbicides. Cas9: (CRISPR associated protein 9) is an RNA-guided DNA endonuclease enzyme associated with the CRISPR. DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.

Roundup Ready: Roundup, or glyphosate, is a kind of herbicide that kills almost every plant. Glyphosate, a substance used to kill broadleaf weeds and grasses that compete with crops, is quickly absorbed by leaves and shoots of plants. The glyphosate travels into the plant quickly and accumulates where the plants grow, which is usually near the tips of stem, roots, and leaves. Spraying a plant with RoundUp will make the plant lose protein synthesis and the plant will stop growing. However, if a plant is genetically modified to be “Roundup Ready”, it can become immune to Roundup and have different enzymes that allow it to grow. All in all, if a plant is “Roundup Ready”, it is immune to Roundup.

Crispr-Cas9: By: Siwon TreeDude CRISPR -Cas9 is a way to edit genomes by removing, adding ,or altering sections of the DNA. It is probably the easiest method to genetic manipulation. But, the process is very complicated and if one thing goes wrong, everything else goes wrong.

What Cas9 looks like-simplified(above)

First, where does Crispr come from? Crisprs were first discovered in archaea, than it was found in bacteria. It was found by a scientist from the University of Alicante in Spain named Francisco Mojica. Later in 2013, the Zhang lab published the first ever method to use Crispr on genomes of mouses and humans cells. How does it work? Well, there are two key things that introduce mutation to the DNA. One of them is the enzyme called Cas9. This acts kind of like a scissor that can snip out two strands of DNA from a DNA line. The second key to mutating DNA is type of RNA called gRNA (Guide RNA). gRNA basically guides the Cas9 to the proper place so it won’t cut the wrong parts in the genome. Even now, we still have to put work on eliminating the chances of Cas9 cutting at the wrong target. At this stage, the cells thinks the DNA is damaged and tries to fix it. Scientists can now use DNA repair machinery to make changes in the genes in the genome by adding in other strands.

What Cas9 looks like-detailed(above)

What Crispr stands for (above).

What is the potential? Crispr-Cas9 open up a whole new door to mutating orgaisms. It is likely that the Crispr-Cas9 will be used on humans to mutate them. Not only humans, you can mutate animals. Also, it can be used to treat diseases and illness. To conclude, Crispr-Cas9 is a very helpful “editing tool” and is likely to be used more often in the future for many things. Therefore, Crispr-Cas9 play a big part in GMOs.

“Snipping” strands of DNA (above).

Genetically Modifying Humans By Nick TreeDude

Genetically modifying humans is a huge topic that scientists have been discussing since 1976. We can genetically modify ourselves to have many advantages in life such as greater intelligence, stronger muscles, a better and healthier heart, longer lifespan, add ons such as gilles and wings, or a cure for the thing that has killed most life forms, aging itself. Progress for the cure for aging has drastically improved in the last few years and human trials are going to begin soon. There are a few discoveries that might benefit people alive right now. One huge discovery is senescent cells. Your cells have a limited lifespan. Each time your cells multiply, they copy their chromosomes. Each time they do this, their chromosomes lose some DNA at their ends. This could be catastrophic, so to protect themselves, they have long segments of DNA called telomeres that sort of act like the stiff ends of a shoe lance, but they shrink with every cell division. With some cells, that had had to many divisions, the telomeres are gone, and the cell becomes a zombie; a senescent cell. Senescent cells stay in your body and don’t die. The older you get, the more senescent cells you have in your body. They harm tissue and cells around them and are the cause to many different diseases that you get when you are at a old age, like diabetes and kidney failure, but what if we can get rid of them? Scientists genetically engineered mice so they could destroy their senescent cells as they pleased. When the genetically modified mice grew into adults, they were more active, their hearts and kidneys worked better, and they were less likely to get cancer. These mice lived up to 30% longer and were in better health than average mice. Scene we can't genetically modify all the cells in our body, we need to find another way to get rid of the senescent cells, but how do we kill them without harming healthy cells?

Most cells commit a programmed cell suicide when they are damaged, but senescent cells don’t. It turns out that they under produce a protein that tells them when to die. In a late 2016 study, mice were given an injection of this protein. It killed 80% of all their senescent cells while causing almost no harm to healthy cells. The injected mice became healthier and even grew back lost hair. There are many companies that are looking for other treatments for senescent cells and the first human trials will start soon.

Senescent cell


STEM cell

High Risks and High Rewards Of GMOs By: Shay TreeDude


MOs could help humans achieve the

impossible but it could ruin us forever! GMO's could always cause unforeseen problems, and we might not be able to stop it. For example, if we genetically modify a plant to resist a weed we might have accidentally made it not resistant to a disease or make it kill other non-GMO plants. Genetically engineering humans could have so many side effects that all humans could die from a disease, or being too powerful so they kill off other humans or our organs could die. there are so many things that could happen.

Eggs before and After GMOs

A banana before GMOs

GMOs aren't that bad because they can also be good. 29000 kids under five years old die every year from preventable disease. GMO’s can stop almost every disease and can stop problems such as, hunger, death from disease, and world hunger. The world could be saved from GMOs. GMOs have saved the papayas in hawaii from a disease by making them resistant. GMOs could also make humans lifetimes grow by an incredible amount. Now that you know the risks and rewards of GMO’s it is up to you to decide what you think is right. Humans have been genetically engineering plants and animals for thousands of years so what makes it different now. Or on the other hand for the last thousand years humans did it by chance but now that we can always change the dna however we please we can alter entire species easily

Bananas before and after GMOs

A non GMO apple

Super Viruses and Antidotes By: Julian TreeDude Nowadays we humans have the solution for almost everything. If we catch a flu, we can eat or drink some medicine and voila your better in about one week. But little did the scientist know while creating a Super Antidote to stop all sicknesses they were also creating a Super Virus. Every time a virus gets killed from a new medicine a little part of the virus survives and becomes immune to the antidote. Then it moves out regroups and makes a stronger virus than ever before.

Super Virus

For example, In 2018 the flu broke out again and the scientist hesitated to make another flu medicine because the Virus become immune to the last one. Super Virus and Super antidote The super virus can easily wipe out the entire human race. The scientist are currently working on trying to go into the human body and physically remove it. So to try to avoid making the virus grow and become unstoppable wash hands, eat healthy, and try not to get sick!

Genetically Modified Swan Disease

The Pros of GMOs By: Rhys TreeDude There are many excellent products that genetically modified organisms (GMO) contribute to making. One of those things that GMOs contribute to making is herbicide resistant crops, thus the farmers can spray herbicide on the weeds around the crops and the crops won’t die. Another reason why GMOs are a good thing is that genetically modifying crops is a good deal. Farmers can genetically modify the crop to grow twice as much and twice as fast than a regular non- modified crop. GMOs can even help crops to be drought tolerant.

Genetically modified salmon

Animals that can become our food can also be genetically modified to be leaner, grow faster, and to need less food. For example, a cow can be genetically modified to produce more milk.This could be good for farmers and the economy because farmers would make more money if their animals produced higher quality and more food.


Cons of GMOs: A

By : Andrew TreeDude GMOs may sound like a good idea, it

has problems too. For example, they are often not labeled and people get allergies or reactions to them and some even cause liver and heart diseases and some may even cause cancer. Also, crops are being genetically engineered to be “Roundup Ready”, so they can withstand massive spraying of the toxic herbicide and pesticide, that breaks down in the environment, and ends up in our streams. In addition to that, new “superweeds” and “superbugs” are becoming resistant to the pesticides, resulting in farmers using more and stronger pesticides while other genetically modified plants are responsible for the dying off of many insects, including honey bees and Monarch butterflies. Lastly, some genes may accidentally get transferred to one another and cause problems in the ecosystem and may even cause problems similar to invasive species.

Corn before GMO

Carrots before GMOs

Banana before GMOs

A Peach before GMOs

Eggplants before GMOs

Space Sources XMm6M ads/infographics/full/10929.jpeg nese-scientists-unveil-orbital-space-junk-las er/ zVBnc he-chicken-or-the-egg/ 0-4ab0 on-iss-impressively-detailed-view-life-z ero-gravity/

The Milky Way

Disease and Illness Sources 31/464727159/mental-health-in-schools-a-hi dden-crisis-affecting-millions-of-students -five-children-mental-illness-schools-oftendont-help F5UJcc YZr2A lnesses&oq=illness&aqs=chrome.5.69i57j69i6 1l3j0l2.3275j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 &safe=active&ssui=on hC2YWvmYGNSajwOckLKYAw&q=disease& oq=desease&gs_l=psy-ab.1.0.0i10k1l10.38235 3.386371.0.387459. ..0...1c.1.64.psy-ab..7.8.821.0..0j0i131i67k1j0i67k1j 0i131i46k1j46i131k1j0i131k1.278.a-Mszc3E9hk&s afe=active&ssui=on tal-health-in-schools-conference/ lent-epidemic-the-mental-health-crisis-in-o ur-schools eets/fs103/en/ ml ola-virus-outbreak/where-did-ebola-co me-likely-one-person-gene-study-finds -n191161 ola-virus-outbreak/where-did-ebola-co me-likely-one-person-gene-study-finds -n191161 -to-countries-affected-by-ebola-52582d 12ae3d unries-are-vital-in-fight-against-ebola/2 606150.html glish/outbreak 014/10/17/283615-virus.jpg

Atomic Bomb Sources Hon Chemistry Wikispaces Business Insider Nuclear Weapons YouTube NebraskaStudies.Org CBS News http://www.americaslibrar

Titanic Sources Keala: _modern_ships_to_titanic.shtml 011/20110531_rmstitanic.html Anna: ors.html (information website) q=titanic+images+black+and+white&oq =ti&aqs=chrome.0.69i59j69i61j69i59j69i6 0l3.3349j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 &safe=active&ssui=on (picture website) George blue.html blue.html 60847275106/

GMO Sources ty=true&sort=mostpopular&mediatype=photography&phrase =antidote NM8Q hat-has-the-potential-to-destroy-the-world/ project-spotlight/questions-and-answers-about-crispr O-salmon/ NM8Q ation-2015-8/#wild-watermelon-1 DuNPHY 11/january/12/swine-flu-offers-extraordinary-super-immunity afer-gene-editing-therapy.html -genetic-modification ocus/project-spotlight/questions-and-answers-abo ut-crispr 1927/?autologin=true dity=true&sort=mostpopular&mediatype=photography&phras e=dna ol-wave-particles-background-yyihyij

Period 1 Magazine  
Period 1 Magazine