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too much too little, the role of water in adaptation

to climate change



2. About the Conference


> EEA Grants > APA > DSB > CCIAM

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3. Conference Programme


4. Pannel Conference Sessions


5. Parallel Group Discussion Sessions


6. Field Trips


7. Conference Closing


8. Artistic Performances Inspired by Water & Climate Adaptation


9. Portuguese ENAAC and Program AdaPT


10. Partnerships


11. Further Info


12. Acknoledgments


The role of water in adaptation to climate change

1. Introduction

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1. Introduction Around three hundred participants from more than 20 countries attended the EEA Grants Conference “Too Much, Too Little, the role of Water in Adaptation to Climate Change�. The conference focused on climate change and its potential consequences on the water availability, distribution and cycles as well as weather patterns across Europe. It served as a meeting point for national and international experts, researchers, policymakers, practitioners and leaders of environmental NGOs in search of strategic and practical adaptation answers to this challenge at the European, national and local levels. 6

High-level interventions from the Portuguese Environmental Agency, EEA and Norway Grants Financial Mechanism Office (FMO), Mr Audun Garberg, Political Adviser to the Norwegian Ministry of Environment, and from Mr Jorge Moreira da Silva, the Portuguese Minister of the Environment, Spatial Planning and Energy, preceded the signature of the Programme and Implementation Agreements for the AdaPT Programme, cofinanced by the EEA Grants (85%) and the Portuguese Carbon Fund (15%). Expert perspectives on droughts and water scarcity, floods and landslides, coastal erosion and infrastructures, cities and the urban water cycle, changes in agriculture practices, food security, transboundary water management and other geopolitical implications of climate change, provided the background to three fruitful days of discussions. In a video address to the conference, Mr Rajendra

This conference pointed out the importance of the active cooperation across governments and institutions and the need for more interorganizational coordination and communication to develop longterm climate change adaptation policies responding to expected impacts for the second half of this century. Some prior policy responses were identified such us as promotion of adaptation at local level, easy access to climate change information, climate change education and support case studies and pilot adaptation measures in environmental priority sectors. The event was financed by the EEA Grants and supported by ongoing EU FP7 projects CIRCLE-2 and BASE. The emissions associated with this event were calculated by Ecoprogresso and offset by the Portuguese Carbon Fund. The participation of Refood volunteers ensured that all excess food from the conference catering was channeled to those who need it.

> > > #climateadaptation > >

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Conference participants highlighted that too much water (floods, landslides) and too little water (droughts, water scarcity) is an increasing challenge in Europe and will have far-reaching consequences for ecosystems, people and infrastructures. The participants were able to share, learn and get inspired by the ongoing climate adaptation efforts across countries and regions as they called for the practical implementation of adaptation measures in Europe, in order to protect ecosystems and the services they provide, people and their livelihoods, infrastructures and businesses.

More information, videos, presentations and live sketching available at:


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Pachauri (Chair of IPCC) highlighted key conclusions of the Fifth IPCC Assessment Report (AR5). The closing address was provided by Mr Paulo Lemos, the Portuguese Secretary of State of Environment.



The Need to Initiate Adaptation Now (not later)

However, a change of precipitation patterns and increases in average temperature will increase the probability and magnitude of both floods and droughts.

> Many economic sectors, such as agriculture, forestry, tourism (e.g., beach and skiing), health, are particularly dependent on weather conditions and are already facing the impact of climate change. Major utilities, such as energy and water providers, are also being affected. Ecosystems and their services are suffering from climate change, which is accelerating the decline of biodiversity and reducing their ability to buffer natural extremes. > Climate change is already happening and will have consequences for the availability of basic natural resources such as water and soil. It will have impacts and consequences on both human and natural systems. Some of these impacts can no longer be avoided and we need to adapt. > Adaptation to climate change aims to protect people, cities and infrastructure, the economy and natural systems from the adverse impacts of climate change. A major benefit of early adaptation action is to protect society against potentially much more dangerous and costly future climate impacts. > The impacts will differ in type and magnitude across Europe.

Objectives of the Conference > Outline the various policy responses to climate change adaptation and to show the challenges and opportunities that lie within the changing patterns of water in relation to climate change. The conference did this through high level interventions, presentations and group discussions on selected topics. These topics include droughts and water scarcity, floods and landslides, practices in infrastructure and agriculture, and transboundary water management. > Increase awareness for the need for adaptation across European countries; share experiences in assessing and evaluating climate change; develop national adaptation strategies or programmes and concrete examples and adaptation measures with impact in the water related sectors. > Highlight the contribution of the EEA Grants to the development of adaptation initiatives/strategies in beneficiary states and promote opportunities and increase the effectiveness in bilateral cooperation

> The impact of climate change on water resources is a topic that receives a top priority in all existing climate change assessments and strategies throughout regions and countries and provides a good common topic to discuss practical aspects of adaptation. > Whether too much or too little, changes in the availability of water resources will affect people and communities across all of Europe. > Addressing these challenges will require planned adaptation action, and very likely, action coordinated across sectors, regions and country borders.

The conference explored: > The policy framework(s) for adaptation to climate change; > The recent research related to impacts and vulnerabilities of water and water related sectors; > The experiences in water related extreme events and subsequent adaptation challenges, such as drought, floods or storm surges; > Adaptation policies and practices in cities, agriculture and in coastal areas; > The need to think beyond national borders. The EEA and Norway Grants represent the contribution of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway to reducing economic and social disparities and strengthening bilateral relations with 15 EU countries in Central and Southern Europe. Norway provides 97% of the funding.

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Theme of the Conference


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between the Donor and Beneficiary States involved in the EEA Grants Programme.


About the EEA Grants

other areas such as research, social policy and the environment.

The EEA and Norway Grants represent the contribution of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway to reducing economic and social disparities and strengthening bilateral relations with 15 EU countries in Central and Southern Europe. Norway provides 97% of the funding.

> Climate Change Addressing and limiting the impacts of climate change is a key priority for the EEA and Norway Grants. Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have set aside €56 million for dealing with climate change issues in the current funding period.

•€1.78 billion in funding •15 beneficiary countries •87 partnership programmes


> Why the Grants Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway are partners with the EU through the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA). This enables the free movement of goods, services, people and capital in the internal market. The Agreement also covers cooperation in many


Portugal has received funding since the EEA Agreement entered into force in 1994. For the period of 2009/2014, Portugal has been allocated €58 million; up from €31.3 million over the previous year period.


Integrated marine and inland water management

Grant (€ million) 19.3

Renewable energy

Icelandic National Energy Authority


Adaptation to climate change

Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning


Public health initiatives

Norwegian Institute of Public Health


NGO Fund


Gender equality and work-life balance


Cultural and natural heritage


Diversity in culture and arts


Arts Council Norway


APA also develops and monitors the implementation of policies on environmental education, promotes the interaction with NGOs collecting their interests, and promotes public participation and access to information in decision-making on the environment. visit:

About the Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection (DSB) DSB is the Norwegian national public authority for municipal and inter-municipal fire services, the local electrical safety inspection

Vision > A safe and robust society where everyone shares the responsibility to safeguard life, health, the environment, vital public functions and material assets. DSB is also responsible for professional and administrative follow-up of the Norwegian Civil Defence, the Emergency Planning College, the Norwegian Fire Academy and the Civil Defence’s three regional schools. Operational Concept The Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning shall: > Have full overview over developing vulnerable situations and looming perils which threaten society - in peacetime and war > Take initiatives to prevent accidents, disasters and other undesired occurrences > Ensure that preparedness measures are adequate > In the event of inadequate safety and preparedness measures, take the initiative to follow-up with the responsible authorities Visit:

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

The Portuguese Environment Agency (APA) is responsible for proposing, developing and monitoring the implementation of environmental policies, particularly in the context of integrating the environment into sectoral policies, including health and transport and in tackling climate change, protection ozone, air quality, prevention and control of noise, waste recovery and use of soil and other contaminated sites, prevention and control integrated pollution, prevention of major industrial hazards, environmental safety and populations, eco-labeling, green purchasing and voluntary environmental management.

authorities and the county governors emergency preparedness and response work.


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About the Portuguese Environment Agency (APA)

About Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Modelling research group (CCIAM)

in our research areas; >Dissemination: to disseminate information on climate change impacts, adaptation and mitigation to stakeholders at all levels. Visit:

“To be a reference European research and training centre on climate change integrated analysis, adaptation policy and modelling�


CC-IAM has been involved in several national and European projects in the domains of climate change impact assessment, adaptation and mitigation strategies and development of downscaled climate scenarios. The group brings together scientists from several disciplines who conduct trans-disciplinary research on both a national and international level. The group’s objectives fall within five main domains: >Impacts assessment: to conduct pioneering research on climate change impacts at local, national, and international levels on water resources, coastal zones, forests, biodiversity, agriculture, public health, tourism, energy demand, and transports; >Adaptation: to contribute towards national and global research on adaptation to climate change; >Networking: to establish national and international networks

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

3. Conference Programme

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change

High Level Segment

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4. pannel conference sessions



Director General Portuguese Environment Agency

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

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Head of Sector at Financial Mechanism Office (FMO), EEA Grants, Norway


Political Adviser to the Norwegian Minister for the Environment, Norway

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Minister of Environment, Spatial Planning and Energy, Portugal The role of water in adaptation to climate change


The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Moderator - Per Brekke, Norwegian Directorate for Civil Protection (DSB)


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Setting the Scene - Policy Responses to Adaptation


European Commission - DG CLIMA, Belgium

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United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction The role of water in adaptation to climate change


European Environment Agency, Denmark

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Moderator - Filipe Duarte Santos, Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Modelling Research Group (CCIAM), FCUL


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Setting the Scene - Challenges and Opportunities in Water and Climate Change I


Alterra Wageningen UR, Netherlands

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

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Solventa - Blueprint to Safeguard Europe’s Water Resources, United Kingdom


OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Moderator - Catarina Freitas, Department of Sustainable Environmental Management, Almada Municipality (CMA)


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Setting the Scene - Challenges and Opportunities in Water and Climate Change II


UK Climate Impacts Programme, United Kingdom

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Iceland Met Office, Iceland The role of water in adaptation to climate change


Finance Norway (Association for Bank and Insurance)

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Moderator - Rob Swart, Alterra Wageningen UR


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Beyond National Borders


Norwegian Barents Secretariat

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FAO Representative Portugal The role of water in adaptation to climate change


International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Closing Session



Head of IPCC

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Secretary of State of Environment, Portugal The role of water in adaptation to climate change



> Two 15 minutes presentations to kick-start the theme discussions > Interaction with the table partners: • Share of views, investigations, experiences and opinions • Establish in the group challenges and opportunities • All groups report their findings and debates what are the key challenges and opportunities for each theme Presentations:

Group Session I - Water-related National Challenges Droughts and Water Scarcity :: Managing Water in a Changing and Uncertain Environment Rodrigo Proença de Oliveira ENAAC-RH :: Transfer Latin Business Consultancy Sven Kallen The Green Deserts – Waterboxx

Key Challenges

> Pass from planning measures to actions: clear roadmap > Development of emergency action plans (there is a need for clear actions in emergency situations) > Need networking and long term commitment beyond political cycle > Lack of governance, Integration and actors coordination > Get economic resources beside public investment > Knowledge about (habitat) transition thresholds > Lack of monitoring (consistent and long term monitoring) > Guarantee quality on water storage

> Networking between actors (bottom-up approach) / Sharing experiences and good practices > Co-benefits in adaptation (how do measures benefit other sectors) > New research (on national level to find solutions) > Development of multifunctional water storage infrastructures > To create awareness (schools, private and public entities) > Water efficiency: new technologies, water reuse, water pricing > Improve the resilience > Spatial planning: how to come up with an holistic approach in spatial planning > Water scarcity: how to reuse wastewater in gardens, fields, etc. > Promotion of drip irrigation

Floods and Landslides :: Flood Risk Mapping in Portugal Pedro Garrett Lopes Centre for Climate Change Impacts Adaptation and Modelling :: Flood Risk Mapping in Norway Hege Hisdal Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate

> Governance/capacity building in the local government > Robust results to build decisions – communication challenge > Priority to coastal protection->cost benefit analysis > Understand the level of acceptance > Lack of clear responsibilities > Awareness amongst populations - short memory - important to maintain awareness level > Risk communication > See how the cities develop in the next 100 years

Key Opportunities

> Taking into account natural disasters and climate change in planning > Climate change give us the opportunity to collaborate between countries > Integrate several planning processes at different levels > Use visualization (tool/social media) in risk communication > Risk characterization of buildings easily accessible to buyers > Risk reduction sector -creation of jobs - political opportunities > Green infrastructures to help slow down runoff > Use topography to better characterize the flood pathways - use of simpler methods to identify vulnerabilities > Use of existing infrastructure to reduce flood impact > example of using a parking garage or underground structure to collect flood water > Green infrastructure, managing dams. What infrastructure can we build to reduce impact? > Cost benefit analysis good way to convey information to stakeholders/general public > people relate to economic damage > Distinguish climate signal and impacts from land use

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Key Opportunities

Key Challenges


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> Stakeholders: Competition on water demand; levels of willingness to pay/accept > Incorporate risk in the process > Rank of Water in the political agenda

Storm Surges and Coastal Erosion :: Coastal Erosion and Climate Change: the Portuguese Case Rui Taborda Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon, Portugal :: Storm Surges and Coastal Erosion and Their Social-cultural Dimension. A Perspective from Coastal Regions in Germany Grit Martinez Ecologic Institute, Germany

Key Challenges


> Loss of land (Pressure on buildings and cultural heritage) > Conflicts of interest (Business; Planners; etc.) > Potential damages on cultural heritage > Increased Erosion > Lack of public awareness

> Cooperation (local, regional, international) > Improve communication between stakeholders (Trust) > Private Investment > Local solutions evolving municipalities

Key Opportunities

> Better Planning > Independent Mediator to solve conflicts/problems > More sustainable society > Involve stakeholders for integrated approaches > Business opportunities

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

II Group Session - Adaptation Policies and Practices Cities :: The “Cities for the Future” Initiative in Norway (Case: Bergen) Eva Isager Cities of the Future – Bergen, Norway :: Managing Urban Water Cycle Barbara Anton ICLEI International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives, Germany

Key Challenges

> Uncertainty > Knowledge Transfer > Collaborative at local/regional and national level > Real partnerships with Universities for adaptation with proper knowledge > Integrated approach // Holistic Management > Food security > Governance – allocation of responsibilities > Prioritizing investments > Social inequalities and different vulnerabilities > Law enforcement and regulations > Redesign the cities based on existing ecosystem services > Cooperation with different stakeholders > Closed water systems in urban areas – use and re-use water more

efficiently > Identify – Solution – Does it include Adaptation? – Does it include stakeholders in the life cycle? – How to finance it? > Long-term commitment (independent of the political cycles) > Local plans became legally binding (laws) > Shared costs (Public, Private) > Multi-functional infrastructures > Make use of Peri-urban areas for the implementation of Bestpractices

Key Opportunities

> Rehab of all water system based on water quality > Design for efficient systems at local and micro level (home appliances, etc) > Dissemination of best practices/general guidelines for agriculture

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as well as to explore co-benefits > Governance – momentum > Channel the investment opportunities to activate the local stakeholders > Spatial coherence > Synergies & co-benefits > Social Services/Security > Increasing soil permeability for flood protection > Closed water systems in urban areas – use and re-use water more efficiently > Business -> Job creation > Green infrastructures – improve life quality and minimize urban impact > Job creation > Local facilitation mechanisms 44

Agriculture :: Agriculture and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic Zuzana Harmackova Science Academy of the Czech Republic :: The Alqueva Irrigation Project Ana Ilheu CEO EDIA Company for Development and Infrastructure of Alqueva, Portugal

Key Challenges

> Prevention of forest fires – the role of agriculture > Water management –> efficiency use –> reutilization

> Water management (uncertainty managing droughts) > Energy and efficiency in irrigation management > Stakeholders awareness – willingness to change > Deal with static laws and directives > Too much beaurocracy > How to integrate adaptation with the market laws/driver (need to integrate economic perspective)

Key Opportunities

> New innovative research > Adaptation can improve soil and water quality -> new techniques in soil management/conservation > Economical opportunities - local bio-products – job creation > Increase biodiversity and variety of ecosystems > Cultural – revise traditional knowledge. > Crop diversification and local knowledge - CAP implementation and focus group > Opportunity to increase social cohesion through the use of minor

> Need to better understand the coastal hydrodynamics > Difficulties to have one single best solution > Lack of full cost assessment of protection actions > Difficult to take and implement political decisions > delayed action

Key Opportunities

Coastal Infrastructure :: Coastal Infrastructure in Portugal Raquel Castro Silva Faculty of Engineering of the University of Oporto, Portugal :: Sand Motor Concept NLD Dick van den Bergh Deltares, Netherlands

> Funds available to improve studies > Stakeholders interests/ discussion > Eco-engineering possibilities can be developed > Effective change in spatial planning > New business opportunities (e.g.Netherlands could sell sand? Or trade it for space?) > Regional and transnational cooperation > opportunities to share knowledge > Good argument for not building new dams

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

crops (local varieties). > Conserve genetic heritage > Solution – promotion of good practices > Opportunity to promote high quality products (e.g. meat‌) > Opportunity to engage local actors


> Coastal infrastructure in both sandy and rocky beaches – no apparent good solutions > Eco-engineering with sand may not be a solution for many areas (expensive and not practical in some areas) > Insurance issues > Municipalities are too small to act > Still big research gaps (many uncertainties regarding changes in wave patterns/directions) > Need to integrate knowledge from different sources > High values near costal area (more expansive real estate area for many countries) > Conflicts between governance levels/ difficulties to implement plans

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Key Challenges

6. FIELD TRIPS Companhia das Lezírias


I - Soil Conservation; Warining Systems for Fire and Drought; Adaptation of Forest to Climate Change


> Tiago Domingos Terraprima, Environmental Services Two Examples of Soil Conservation Projects that Mitigate and Adapt to Climate Change

Tiago presented two Terraprima projects that are examples of synergies between climate change mitigation and adaptation in agriculture and forestry. He also talked about innovative financing solutions for climate change and role of the Portuguese Carbon Fund in promoting them. > Pedro Viterbo Portuguese Institute for the Sea and the Atmosphere, Portugal Warning Systems for Forest Fires and Drought Pedro presented the work that IPMA has developed in measuring and monitoring droughts and the system in place for estimating forest fire risk every day. He also explained how this information is communicated and used by other authorities and organizations. > João Pinho Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests, Portugal Adaptation of forests to climate change João addressed the challenges for doing forestry in a hotter and drier country, namely the expected impacts in forest fires. > Walk in the Forest (~3km) In this walk the participants observed the “montado”, a unique agroforestry ecosystem (that produces cork and beef in a biodiversity hotspot) and stone pine forests. They also saw a small water reservoir. These small reservoirs are important for wildlife and used as a source of water for fire fighting.

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change

scarcity. Francisco explained how the Lezíria Grande irrigation system is operated, how complex and sophisticated it became (compared with traditional systems), how water quantity and quality is controlled and how they handled water scarcity in the past. She also explained how they are promoting water use efficiency with the farmers using the system. > Sandra Paiva Silva EVOA, Portugal The EVOA Wetland Project EVOA is an artificial wetland designed to attract a high diversity of birds in the Tagus Estuary Natural Reserve. Sandra told us about the history of this rather unique site and explained us how the water supply for the lagoons comes from and is fully integrated into the Lezíria Grande Irrigation System


Conchoso and EVOA (

II - Irrigation; Water Efficiency in Agriculture; Biodiversity > Francisco Mira Association of the Beneficiaries of Lezíria Grande of Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal The Lezíria Grande Irrigation System Irrigation is important for agriculture in countries exposed to water

> Walk in the EVOA Wetland (~2km) In this walk we were guided through the lagoons of EVOA Project and visited the bird observatories and observed wetland wildlife in their new habitats. Experience guides helped us identify the different species in the lagoons.

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change


Water Treatment Plant EPAL / Asseiceira III - Water Treatment and Supply; Water Supply and Climate Change; Monitoring Vector Borne Diseases > Ana Luís EPAL Empresa Pública de Águas Livres, Portugal Project AdaptaClima EPAL The project ADAPTACLIMA-EPAL aims to provide to the Portuguese Public Company of Water (EPAL) an adaptation strategy in the medium and long term to reduce the vulnerabilities of their activities to climate change. Ana told us what were the major vulnerabilities identified during the project and what measures were thought of to address them.

> Isabel Carvalho INSA National Health Institute Dr. Ricardo Jorge, Portugal Vectors and Vector Borne Diseases Surveillance Isabel told us about the programme that INSA runs for monitoring and early detection of insect water borne vectors and the presence of diseases related to water. > Visit to EPAL’s Asseiceira Water Treatment Plant ETA Asseiceira is the main water treatment plant of EPAL. The participants observed how a modern Water Treatment Plant is run. EPAL supplies 2.9 million people

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change



Moderator – José Pedro Frazão, Jornalist, Rádio Renascença

the public about this topic?

Pannel Membes

> From your perspective, what is the ‘best’ way to communicate the urgency of climate adaptation to populations? > Is it the same to communicate this at the local and national level (the ‘think global act local’ issue)?

> Ricardo Garcia Jornal Público, Portugal Science and Environment specialized journalist (media) > Tuva Nodeland Caritas Norway (NGO) > Francisco Ferreira Quercus, National Association for Nature Conservation, Portugal (NGO) Questions for the civil society PANNEL DISCUSSION: Media: > How does ‘classic’ media (environment related) deals with ‘new’ media (blogs, net, social) when it comes to the adaptation issue? > Do you use it as a source of information? > Where do you get your information on adaptation from? > What are your trusted sources (blogs vs. IPCC vs. national public agencies vs. national scientists)? > If advancing adaptation implies to be ‘over with’ the climate change science vs. sceptics discussion, what is the role of media in informing

NGOs: > Unlike mitigation NGOs do not usually get involved in the national discussions about adaptation? Why is that? > Should they? Or would this mean the failure of itigation?

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change



I – Music

cultural transition.

> Y&K Music for Sustainability

American keyboardist and composer Kent Queener, currently based in Lisbon, is one of the founding members of Y&K, incorporating his experience with myriad styles of music in his composition and playing in the group.

Y&K was born out of two musicians combining their love for different styles of music and fusing world, folk, jazz and classical music. The group uses a broad variety of unconventional instruments– harp, accordion, hang drum, ethnic percussion–to bring vitality and innovation to their music, a mixture of folk songs and original compositions with a focus on environmental issues, sustainability, and

Luso-spanish Yara Gutkin, harpist and vocalist for the group, is a multitalented musician inspired by nature and the oceans who brings an innocent, inspired freedom to Y&K that pervades her songs and lyrics. A veteran of touring and gigging since he was 13, Y&K’s guitarist Flávio Neves adds a rock solid element to the group, helping with composition as well. His funk and fusion influences help define Y&K’s eclectic style. Marcos Alves, the group’s prolific percussionist, draws on African, South American, and Jazz influences in his playing, holding down the groove and enticing the audience with his creative beats. For the EEA Grants conference this band created a song specifically for the event: Watercolor.

This water is clear where the journey begins it’s up in the air cloudy, humid and thin raining on the mountain so much of it pouring this forgotten life force starts restoring We must let the water flow not dam it up, just let it grow not speed it up or channelize but let it go before our eyes This water’s all brown but it’s still very fresh it seeps underground carving rivers in earth’s flesh cascading, coursing, flowing, so much of it hewing aquifers and fountains it’s renewing This water is green filling chlorophyll cells it makes the air clean it is here that life dwells coursing through the forests so much of it tasted

We must let the water flow, not dam it up, just let it grow not speed it up or channelize but let it go before our eyes We can learn from plants and trees that suck it up through roots and leaves this cycle they will utilize and grow before our very eyes This water is red in my arteries and veins it goes to my head so I can think and feel pain cascading, coursing, flowing its spirit masked in crimson aiding in our goals and dreams and visions We must let the water flow, not dam it up, just let it grow not speed it up or channelize but let it go before our eyes Clear, green, brown, red, blue Clear, green, brown, red, blue Water is blue flowing out to sea

We must let the water flow, not dam it up, just let it grow not speed it up or channelize but let it go before our eyes

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Music and Lyrics by Kent Queener

this forgotten life force never wasted Clear, green, brown, red, blue Clear, green, brown, red, blue Water is blue flowing out to sea found its destiny

Clear, green, brown, red blue Clear, green, brown, red blue


found its destiny This water’s not mine it’s just passing through I could not keep it even if I wanted to cascading, coursing, flowing, so much of it wasted the sweetness of this life force never tasted

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II – Video Installation > ANDREA HACKL THIRST THIRST is inspired by water as the core element that is essential to our as well as the organism of the planet that is our home. It speaks of water’s scarcity and the necessity for it. It talks of our intrinsic connection to the earth and environment, the thirst it isn’t anymore able to still. Rain only washes over the earth’s face, as if we would have to still our thirst by letting water run over and only wet our skin.


THIRST is inspired by the challenges we are facing due to climate change and the related disbalance of presence and availability vs. the absence of this finite resource. Its creation has been nurtured by the stories of people who are taking on those challenges, following the vision to support the environment and the land to heal and to regain its capacity to quench its thirst.

This work has been created for the EEA Grants Conference, in collaboration with BASE Project and produced during an artistic residency at OBRAS Portugal.

BIOGRAPHY Amsterdam is the base for my work as freelance choreographer, dancer and video artist. My work has been influenced by artists such as Emanuel Gat, Gabriella Maiorino, Ime Essien, Anouk van Dijk, as well as the work of writers and philosophers, e.g.: Stephen Nachmanovitch & John Dewey. Energetic & somatic work has enriched my understanding of dance & movement, e.g.: Yoga & Continuum Movement. My Vision stands for Oneness and Co-existence. One main source for

> Gonçalo Tocha “The Trail Of A Tale” - Short film from the “Two Degrees: Imagine The Great Transition” (a film by Gonçalo Tocha, 2013, HD Video, Duration 3:49. This film was commissioned and produced by Imagine 2020 -- Arts and Climate - With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union)

What role can the cultural sector play in the necessary transition process, to drastically reduce carbon emissions, to mitigate climate change and increase resilience to the effects of peak oil? Artists traditionally confront issues of such societal importance head on and often act as a catalyst for societal change. These are questions for the IMAGINE 2020 network members. To engage the European cultural sector and use its creative potential to raise awareness, involving the general public both as audience and as participants. The IMAGINE 2020 network will also research new ways of producing and presenting exciting artworks with minimal environmental impact, and share its learning in order to get the European cultural sector as a whole to include climate change concerns in their

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

III – Short Movie Projection

Climate Change is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. For the eleven arts organisations making up the IMAGINE 2020 – Art and Climate Change network, 2020 is a realistic date to work towards for making changes necessary to stabilize the climate and secure a sustainable future.


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my inspiration is the fact that all of Life, in its essence, is intrinsically connected. My investigation as artist and dancer revolves around the wish to let others re-connect to an essential level on which it is possible to experience this connection. Nature being another main source of inspiration, the focus of my work frequently shifts onto subjects of human-nature relationships. Over the last years I’ve been dancing and touring with various companies across Europe (e.g.: Emanuel Gat Dance, United-C, Suzy Blok & Fabian Chyle.) and have been invited to residencies as well as to present my work at festivals in and outside of Europe.

everyday working practice. The network spreads across nine European countries and brings together eleven diverse, highly motivated and experienced cultural institutions.

> Luis Firmo TRANSFORMA, Torres Vedras, Portugal


TRANSFORMA´s activities constitute a Laboratory for Contemporary Artistic Practices. Some of their projects include: Households for Research, Shows and Performances, Exhibitions of Contemporary Art, Interdisciplinary Forums and Events, International Meetings, Training, Internships and ARTinSITE: Publications of Contemporary Art and Culture. The Transform is supported by the Municipality of Torres Vedras, SASLBM (Law Firm) and the IEFP. Action on Adaptation to Climate Change in Portugal is being channelled through two main instruments: ENAAC, the Portuguese National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change; and Programme AdaPT, Adapting Portugal to Climate Change, an EEA Grants programme to finance important projects for the development of adaptation in the country.

ENAAC - The Portuguese National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change The National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (ENAAC) was adopted by the Portuguese Government on 1 April 2010, through the Resolution of the Council of Ministers No.24/2010. ENAAC sets the ground for the need for adaptation, through a synthesis of the main observed changes in the climate over the 20th century and a summary of the conclusions of climate scenarios and projections for Portugal. ENAAC is structured around four objectives that reflect its approach to the problem: 1. Information and knowledge. This is the basis for the development of the strategy, focusing on the need to collect, consolidate, and develop a strong technical and scientific basis;

2. Reducing vulnerability and increasing the response capacity. This is the core of ENAAC and frames the work of identification of vulnerabilities, definition of priorities and implementation of the main adaptation measures; 3. Participation, awareness raising and dissemination. This highlights the importance of educating and involving all relevant agents in the efforts to identify and implement the most adequate adaptation measures; 4. International cooperation. This addresses cooperation efforts within the European Union, the UNFCCC and other international forums to promote coordination and information sharing and to support adaptation efforts in developing countries. ENAAC also identifies nine priority sectors and creates nine sectoral working groups, each coordinated by the agency responsible for the policy area. This sectoral approach brings together the actors with interest and knowhow in each particular sector and thus identifies the most adequate adaptation measures. The creation of an interministerial coordination group aims to address all crosscutting issues and provides a forum for discussing issues that are, by nature, cross-sectoral. The coordination group is chaired by APA - Climate Change Department, and also includes representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Autonomous Regions of Azores and

The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Action on Adaptation to Climate Change in Portugal is being channeled through two main instruments: ENAAC, the Portuguese National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change; and Programme AdaPT, Adapting Portugal to Climate Change, an EEA Grants programme to finance important projects for the development of adaptation in the country.


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Madeira and of the National Association of Portuguese Municipalities. The nine sectors considered are: territory and urban development; water resources; safety of people and goods; human health; energy and industry; tourism; agriculture, forests and fisheries; coastal areas; and biodiversity. Phase 1 (2010-2013) was recently concluded and included a first assessment of adaptation vulnerabilities and a first identification of adaptation needs. Phase 2 (2014-2020) is currently being discussed and aims at creating the conditions to facilitate the initiation of concrete adaptation action across sectors and regional scales.

Implementation of “AdaPT - Adapting Portugal to Climate Change” (PT 04) 60

Programme AdaPT is one of the 8 programmes supported by the EEA Grants in Portugal for the period 2009-2014 (projects will run until 2016). The total Support of EEA Grants to Portugal in this period is 57.95M€.

Programme AdaPT was designed to support the start-up of supported projects on “Adaptation to Climate Change” in Portugal. The design of the programme is informed by the needs and contributions of the coordinating group of ENAAC, the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change. After the signature of the PA (Programme Agreement) and PIA (Programme Implementation Agreement) last 7th October, begins the implementation of the Program AdaAPT - Adapting Portugal to Climate Change. The aim of this program, approved by the Donors on the 22nd of April, 2013, is to increase the capacity to assess vulnerability to climate change and enhance the awareness and education about them. The programme execution will be achieved through: I. A pre-defined project, which aims to provide easy access to systematized information on climate scenarios of a regional nature, including the data processing of the 5th IPCC Assessment (design responsibility of the Portuguese Institute of Ocean and Atmosphere - IPMA); II. Three project areas that will be submitted for tender: 1. Project “Local Adaptation Strategies”, which aims to build capacity for local actors (municipalities and municipal companies) to develop Local Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change; 2. Project “Climate Change Education and Award”, which aims to integrate and complement the environmental education in the field of climate change, areas of mitigation and adaptation, in pilot schools, one of the components being a prize (funding) for the best project implementation on measures related with climate change in the school environment; 3. Sectoral projects to support development studies or implementation measures (pilot or demonstration) identified as

Total eligible amount of the Program



The targets set for the project are as follows: > Creation of a web page, with the introduction of systematic data and information on climate change, to disseminate news about climate trends; > Provide training on local adaptation strategies to about 20 municipal officers of 20 municipalities which in turn will contribute to the development of Municipal Adaptation Strategies in their municipalities; > Train and educate about 100 teachers and 1,500 students in matters related to climate change; > Promote a small grants scheme (4-10 projects) focused on sectors vulnerable to climate change effects, which may include, inter alia, vulnerability assessments for agriculture taking into account the inter-annual water storage variation, studies on the vulnerability the power sector in relation to water availability and the expansion of networks for monitoring vector and water borne diseases.

EEA Grants 2009-2014





Entities registered in Portugal are eligible as candidates. The main target group includes public and private organizations, municipalities, research institutes, NGOs and school communities teachers and students. The Programme Operator is the Portuguese Environment Agency (APA) while manager of the Portuguese Carbon Fund, the financial instrument created by the Portuguese government to support climate policy. The Donors Programme Partner is Direktoratet for Samfunnssikkerhet og Beredskap (DSB), a Norwegian body responsible for the civil protection and climate change areas.


National co-financing (to be supported by the Programme Operator)


Programme Heading

Eligible expenditure

Support Benenficiary

a) Programme management


Programme Operator

Predefined Project


Predefined Project Promoter

Calls for Proposals


Selected candidates through open calls for proposals

Small Grants Scheme


Selected candidates through open calls for proposals

c) Fund for Bilateral Relations at programme level


Programme Operator, Project Promoter and selected candidates through open calls for proposals

d) Complementary actions


Programme Operator

e) Programme Proposal Preparation


Programme Operator



b) Programme Execution:

> Local Adaptation Strategies > Climate Change Education and Award

The role of water in adaptation to climate change



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relevant in the context of sectoral groups of the National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change (ENAAC).

10. PARTENERSHIPS I – Livesketching > Live Sketching

Ilustrative Visuals for Inspiring and Memorable Events (


II – Web Stream > and Sound support by Mix&Blend (

III – No Food Wasted > RE-FOOD

( Re-food is a non-profit project, created to serve as a tool to redirect meals (leftovers) to hungry people. The mission of the project Re-food is to reduce hunger in the urban environment while driving meals (leftovers) directly to hungry people closest to the sources of donations.

IV – Carbon Neutral Conference > The Portuguese Carbon Fund ( FPC ) The Portuguese Carbon Fund (FPC) was created in 2006 under the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning . Currently the Portuguese Carbon Fund works with the APA. The FPC is mainly aimed to contribute to the goals that the Portugal has pledged to ratify the Kyoto Protocol commitments and policies for climate change.

> Ecoprogresso

Vision, Mission and Values Ecoprogresso Mission is to be the benchmark reference in providing consultancy services in the field of sustainable development strategies and renowned for solution innovation, competence and level of adaptation to specific client needs. Their products and services generate value both for the client and for society through pre-empting environmental challenges and integrating economic and social components into the solutions provided.  

EEA Grants

European Adaptation Strategy com_2013_216_en.pdf

Program to Portugal: Adaptation to Climate Change (


APA Climate Change (


The role of water in adaptation to climate change

11. further info



Supporting FP7 projects CIRCLE-2 - BASE -

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change

Editors Gil Penha-Lopes Tiago Capela Lourenço Editor Assistant Ana Lúcia Fonseca Art-direction and graphic design Helena Andrade Illustration LiveSketching (drawings) Mix&Blend (photography)


CCIAM-SIM, Climate Change Research Group ( Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa (FCUL) Campo Grande, Edifício C1, offices 1.4.21 and 1.4.39 P-1749-016 Lisboa Portugal For more information: Gil Penha-Lopes (+351)217500387

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The role of water in adaptation to climate change

EEA Grant conference 2013  

Around three hundred participants from more than 20 countries attended the EEA Grants Conference “Too Much, Too Little, the role of Water in...