From the 20th century to nowadays In the 20th century, such prominent personalities as Mangudi Dorairaja Iyer and Krishna Iyer made their significant contributions. The social status and image of traditional Indian dance was restored by Rukminidevi Arundale, the founder of Kalakshetra, who started teaching a simplified, Kalakshetra style invented by her after having learnt some of the Pandanallur style of traditional Indian dance of Bharatanatyam in a record 3 yearsâ€™ time. Traditional Indian dance has undergone much change but is still deeply rooted in the spiritual Hindu heritage. Contemporary traditional Indian dancers are both male and female artists. While most learn it as a hobby, very few make it their career and a lifestyle, as it is extremely demanding and complex in terms
of dedication and daily practice. While most university degree courses offer mainly a theoretical base in traditional Indian dance, there are institutions that offer certificate and diploma courses with the focus on the practical skills. The true traditional Indian dance, it has to be stated clearly, is not a vulgar form of entertainment but a sacred ritual that is supposed to bring the rasanubhava (catharsis, or spiritual upliftment) to the rasika (audience) and the dancer.