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Ma t e r i a l sa ndSt r uc t ur e s2 Cont e nt s Ba t t l eCha r i otDe s i g nRe por t 1 .

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Ma t e r i a l sa ndSt r uc t ur e s2 Ba t t l eCha r i otDe s i g nRe por t


Ba t t a g l i aDe l l eAr a nc e Ba t t l eoft heOr a ng e s-I nt r oduc t i on

Th i sd e s i g np r o p o s a li si nr e s p o n s et ot h er e q u e s t f o rt e n d e rb yt h eCi t yo fI v r e a ,I t a l y ,t op r o v i d ea b a t t l es t a t i o nf o rt h e“ Ba t t a g l i ad e l l eAr a n c e ” ,t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a lf o o df i g h tf e s t i v a l . Th eBa t t a g l i ad e l l eAr a n c ewa sf i r s te s t a b l i s h e di n t h emi d1 8 0 0 ’ s .Pr i o rt ot h e ,t h r o wi n gb e a n sh a s b e e nt h ei n i t i a lr o o t so ft h ef o o df i g h t .Th ef e u d a l l o r dg a v eo u tb e a n st op o o ff a mi l i e swh oi nt u r n t h r e wt h e mi n t ot h es t r e e tt os h o wt h e i rc o n t e mp t .

To d a y ,t h ef l o a t sr e p r e s e n t st h et y r a n t sr a n k sa n d t h o s eo nt h es t r e e t ,t h ema s s e s ,wh i l eo r a n g e sa r e s a i dt os y mb o l i s et h ef a l l e nh e a do ft h et y r a n t .Th e b a t t l ei sac h a n c ef o rt h et o wnt oc o mme mo r a t et h e l i b e r a t i o nf r o maf e u d a ll o r d . Af t e rSe c o n dWo r l dWa rt h ef e s t i v a lt o o ko nt h e o r g a n i s e df o r mi th o l d st o d a y .Twod a y so fs t r e e t p r o c e s s i o na n ds p e c t a c l e ,s h o wi n go f ft h en i n et e a m s i g i la n dg u a r df l o a t s ,a r ef o l l o we db yt h eb a t t l eo n t h et h i r d .

I nt h emi d1 9 0 0 ’ s ,g i r l so nt h eb a l c o n i e so ft h e t i g h ts t r e e t swo u l dt h r o wo r a n g ed o wnt og a i nt h e a t t e n t i o no ft h eb o y so nt h ef l o a t st h a tmo v e d t h r o u g ht h es t r e e t sd u r i n gc a r n i v a lt i me .Th i si s s a i dt oh a v ee s c a l a t e di n t oad u e ls on o wt h eb a t t l e t a k e st h ef o r mo ft h ef l o a t smo v i n gt h r o u g ht h ec i t y wh i l et h e ya t t a c ka n da r ea t t a c k e db yp e o p l eo n f o o tt h r o u g h o u tt h es t r e e t s .

Fl o a t sl e a v ef r o mo n es i d eo ft h ec i t ya n dmo v e t h r o u g had e s i g n a t e dr o u t et or e a c ht h ep a l a c e . Ea c ho ft h et e a msa r er e l e a s e da tp o i n t sa l o n gt h e r o u t ea n dc o n f i n e dt ot h e i ro wna r e a .Al t h o u g h t e a mso nf o o td oo c c a s i o n a l l ye n c o u n t e re a c h o t h e r ,at h r e ewa yb a t t l ec o mme n c e su n t i lt h ef l o a t p a s s e s .

Th ef i n a lt a l eo ft h ef e s t i v a l so r i g i n si st h ei nt h e 1 2 0 0 ’ s ,t h el o c a lt y r a n tt r i e dt or a p eay o u n g wo ma no nt h ee v eo fh e rwe d d i n g .Ho we v e rs h e d e f e n d e dh e r s e l fa n dd e c a p i t a t e dt h et y r a n t .Th e ma s s e st h e ns t o r me dt h ep a l a c ea n dt o o kt h et o wn f o rt h e ms e l v e s .

Th e i ri sn or e a lwi n n e r .Asp e o p l ev o l u n t e e rt ob e p a r to ft h eg u a r d ,i ti sn o tb e l i v e dt ob ed e c e n ti f e i t h e rs i d ei st owi na sn oo n ewo u l dwa n tt h e t y r a n tt op r e v a i l .I n s t e a dt h eb a t t l ei sac h a n c ef o r o r g a n i s e dc h a o s ,t e a mwo r k ,t o wnu n i f i c a t i o na n d t o u r i s m

Th ef e s t i v a li sac h a n c ef o rt h ea r e at oc e l e b r a t ei t s Sp e c t a t o r se i t h e rh i d eb e h i n dn e t t i n gt h a ti sh u n g h i s t o r ya n di t sl o r e .I tb r i n g sp e o p l et o g e t h e ra n d a r o u n dt h er o u t eo rwe a rt h e“ Be r r e t t oFr i g i o ” ,t h e b r i n g sc u r i o s i t yf r o mo u t wi t ht h ea r e a . r e dh a tf o rp r o t e c t i o n .Th i sme a n st h e ywi l ln o tb e a t t a c k e db yt h eg u a r d s ,u n l e s st h e ya t t a c kf i r s t . . . . .


Ba t t a g l i aDe l l eAr a nc e Ba t t l eoft heOr a ng e s-Br i e f

I v r e ai sat o wni nt h en o r t hwe s t ,i nt h ePi e d mo n t r e g i o no fI t a l y ,c l o s et ot h eFr e n c hb o r d e r .I t sf o r m a n da r c h e t y p ea r et y p i c a l l yme d i e v a lwi t hn a r r o w c o b b l e ds t r e e ta n dt a l lb u i l d i n g sa swe l la sh a v i n g a ne l e me n to ft h er e n a i s s a n c et o wnp l a n n i n ga n d Ro ma n e s q u ea r c h i t e c t u r e .

Th ep r i ma r yo b j e c t i v ei st os p r e a dp e o p l eo u t d u r i n gt h eb a t t l et op r e v e n tt h el a r g en u mb e r sf r o m c r u s h i n go rt r a mp l i n go ne a c ho t h e rd u r i n gt h e f r e n z ya n da st h eg r o u n db e c o me sa na l mo s tu n ma n a g e a b l es wa mpo fo r a n g ep e e l sa n dr i v e r so f j u i c e .

Lo c a t e do nt h eDo r aBa l t e ar i v e r ,i tr e s t sa tak i n k i nt h er i v e ri nav a l l e ya n dwa so r i g i n a l l yawa l l e d t o wni ni t si n f a n c y .Th et o wnr e ma i n ss ma l ld u et o i t st o p o g r a p h i c a ll i mi t a t i o n sh o we v e ri t sc o n n e c t i o n wi t ht h ewa t e rme a n si ti sg r o u n di sf a i r l yl e v e l .

Th emo s ts i mp l ywa yo fd o i n gt h i si st oa l l o wt h e p a r t i c i p a n t sawa yi nwh i c ht oa t t a c kf r o md i s t a n c e , r e d u c i n gt h en u mb e ro fp e o p l ep e rs q u a r eme t r e . Ho we v e r ,i ti sc r u c i a lt h a ta n yf i r i n gme c h a n i s mb e h e a v i l yc o n t r o l l e df o rs a f e t ys a k e .

Th et o wng r e wo ni t so wn ,wi t hi t sma i nl i n kb e i n g t h r o u g hi t sp o r to nt h er i v e rh o we v e r ,a st h ewo r l d i sas ma l l e rp l a c et o d a y ,i ti smo r ee a s i l ya c c e s s i b l e t h a ne v e rb e f o r e .

Th es e c o n d a r yo b j e c t i v ei st oe n h a n c et e a ms p i r i t a n dwo r k i n gt o g e t h e r .Byb r i n g i n gi na ne l e me n to f t a c t i c sa n dt h er e q u i r e me n tf o rt e a mwo r k ,t h eo r g a n i s e r sh o p et h a tt h eo n ema na r myme l e et h a t h a sb e e ns e e ni np r e v i o u sy e a r sc a nb eb r o k e n Du et oi n c r e a s e dl e v e l so fi n f o r ma t i o nv i at h ei n t e r - d o wnf o ramo r ec o n t r o l l e db a t t l e .Th e i rh o p ef o r n e ta n dt h ei mp r o v e di n t e r n a t i o n a lt r a n s p o r ta n d t h i si st or e d u c et h ea mo u n to fi n j u r yt h a tp a r t i c i r e a s o n a b l et r a v e lf a r e s ,t h eBa t t l eo ft h eOr a n g e si s p a n t ss u f f e ry e a ra f t e ry e a r . q u i c k l yb e c o mi n gap o p u l a rt o u r i s ts i t ef o rb o t h I t a l i a n sa n dn o nn a t i o n a l s .Mo r ea n dmo r ep e o p l e An df i n a l l y ,ac o n s i d e r a t i o nmu s tb ema d et ot h e a r ev e n t u r i n gt ot h et o wni no r d e rt owa t c ha n d , wi d e rc o n t e x to ft h ef e s t i v a l ,b ei tI t a l y ,I t a l i a nh i s mo r ec o mmo n l y ,t a k ep a r ti nI t a l y ’ sb i g g e s tf o o d t o r y ,c u l t u r eo rc r a f ta swe l la st a k i n gi n t oa c c o u n t f i g h t . t h ee f f o r tt h a tt h ep a r t i c i p a n t sp u ti ny e a ra f t e r y e a ri no r d e rt oma k et h ef e s t i v a lac o n t i n u e ds u c I nr e s p o n s et ot h ee s c a l a t i n gn u mb e ro fp a r t i c i c e s s . p a n t s ,i ti sr e q u i r e dt h a tan e wma n n e ri nwh i c ht h e b a t t l et a k e sp l a c ei sd e v i s e d .


De s i g nPr opos a l Ov e r v i e w


De s i g nPr opos a l Ov e r v i e w


De s i g nPr opos a l Ov e r v i e w


Isometric scled at 1:10

R10 R50

60

80

210.59 20

990

50

130

53

0

65 0

300

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

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DRAWN

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lower base

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

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DWG NO.

SCALE:1:20

BDA001 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


R4

0

90

R10 100

100

R100 R10

6

50

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60 120 300

50 400

Isometric scaled at 1:10 single pieces of machined glue laminated timber

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

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TITLE:

DRAWN

REVISION

upper base

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

WEIGHT:

DWG NO.

SCALE:1:20

BDA002 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


R20

650

95

1260

100

R4 11

90

30

0 560 1260

1000

Isometric scaled at 1:10

60

1200

10

40 90 200

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

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DATE

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

TITLE:

DRAWN

REVISION

shield

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

WEIGHT:

DWG NO.

SCALE:1:20

BDA003 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


5

15

10

2.50

R127.08

single piece of stamped aluminium makes up the plate for the shield

350 720

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0 R5

865

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

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DRAWN

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plate

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DWG NO.

SCALE:1:20

BDA004 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


50

25

15

0째

275

50

28 0

44

450.75

150

100

200

530

Isometric scaled at 1:5 bent aluminiumalloy tubing covered in a PP stock to provide grip moulded PP back rest screwed onto tubes tubes

54

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DRAWN

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back rest

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

WEIGHT:

DWG NO.

SCALE:1:10

BDA005 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


54

50

Isometric set to 1:5 bent aluminium alloytube PP moulded grip put over the tube prior to bending

125

275

277

250

125

200 50

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

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DATE

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TITLE:

DRAWN

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handle

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

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DWG NO.

SCALE:1:10

BDA006 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


0 R2 R1

664

75

R3

10

935

90

200

186

368 Isometric set at 1:10 scale Injection moulded PP ammunition dump

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

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ammo

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

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DWG NO.

SCALE:1:20

BDA007 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


5 10

20

2

9.25

R5

4

6

8

R1

73

Isometric scaled at 2:1 metal screw used to secure the shield intothe upper base.

UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

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DRAWN

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6mm screw

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

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DWG NO.

SCALE:1:1

BDA008 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


10

2

R1

15.50

21.50

5

1

R0.50

1.50 UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

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SIGNATURE

DATE

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TITLE:

DRAWN

REVISION

3mm screw

CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

WEIGHT:

DWG NO.

SCALE:5:1

BDA009 SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED: DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS SURFACE FINISH: TOLERANCES: LINEAR: ANGULAR: NAME

DEBUR AND BREAK SHARP EDGES

FINISH:

SIGNATURE

DATE

DO NOT SCALE DRAWING

REVISION

TITLE:

DRAWN CHK'D APPV'D MFG Q.A

MATERIAL:

WEIGHT:

DWG NO.

SCALE:1:20

exploded SHEET 1 OF 1

A4


De s i g nRe s pons e TheDe s i g na ndi t sCont e x t Th er o t a t i o n a l l ymo u l d e db a s ee l e me n twi l lb e p r o d u c e dan u mb e ro ft i me sa n dp l a c e di nv a r i o u s l o c a t i o n sa r o u n dt h ec i t y .Du et ot h en a t u r eo f r o t a t i o n a lmo u n d i n g ,t h e s ee l e me n t sa r eh o l l o wa n d h a v eb e e nd e s i g n e dt oi n c o r p o r a t eas p o u ta n dc a p i no r d e rt of i l le a c hwi t hwa t e r .Th ep u r p o s eo ft h i s i st oa d dwe i g h tt ot h eb a s e sma k i n gt h ep r e s c r i b e d p o s i t i o n sf i n a ld u r i n gt h eb a t t l e .Th eh o l l o wi nt h e b a s e ,t oa l l o wc o n n e c t i o nwi t ht h ec h a r i o t ,wi l lb e f i l l e dwi t ho r a n g e sa n dr e p l e n i s h e dd u r i n gt h e b a t t l e .Th et e a mc a ne i t h e re mp t yt h e s ea n du s e t h ef r u i t ,o rs q u a s ht h e mwi t ht h ec h a r i o ta n d r e d u c et h ea mmu n i t i o nf o rt h eo t h e rt e a ms .

Th er u l e sa r ea sf o l l o ws :

` 1 .Ea c hs t r e e tt e a mi sp r o v i d e dwi t h2b a t t l e c h a r i o t ,r e q u i r i n gami n i mu mo f6p e o p l et oma n a g e ( 3p e rs t a t i o n ,2t oc a r r y / a i m,1t of i r e ) 2 .An y o n ewi t h i nt h es t r e e tt e a mc a nb ep a r to f t h ec h a r i o ts u b t e a ma ta n yp o i n td u r i n gt h eb a t t l e . 3 .Th e r ei sami n i mu md i s t a n c et h ec h a r i o tc a nb e f r o mt h ef l o a tb e f o r et h ec h a r i o tc a nc o mme n c e f i r i n g .Th i swi l lb ed e f i n e da sas a f ed i s t a n c eb a s e d u p o nt h ef o r c et h es l i n g s h o tf i r e so r a n g e sa t . 4 .An yc h a r i o t c a nu s ea n yb a s ea l o n gt h er o u t e , p r o v i d e di ti so u t wi t ht h emi n i mu md i s t a n c ef r o m t h ef l o a t .Th i sd i s t a n c ewi l lb ee n f o r c e db yb a t t l e Th et i mb e ra n da l u mi n i u mb a t t l ec h a r i o tc o n t a i n sa ma r s h a l l s . s h i e l d ,s l i n g s h o tf o ro r a n g e sa n db a c kr e s t .Th i s 5 .Th ec h a r i o th a sn ol i mi tt ot h ea mmu n i t i o ni t e l e me n ti sd e s i g n e ds ot h a te a c ho ft h ec o mp o n e n t s c a nc a r r ya n df i r e ,h o we v e rt h e s eo r a n g e smu s tn o t wi l ls l o ti n t op o s i t i o na n dwi l lb eh e l dwi t hwa x , h a v eb e e nt h r o wno rf i r e dp r e v i o u s l yi no r d e rt o me a n i n gt h ec h a r i o t sc a nb ed i s ma n t l e da n ds t o r e d p r e v e n tt h e mp i c k i n gu ph a r do b j e c t sl i k es t o n e s f o rf u t u r eu s e .Th e s es e c t i o n sa r ed e s i g n e dt o wh i c ht h e na r et h r o wna n dma yc a u s es e r i o u s s u p p l yo n ep e r s o nap l a t f o r mf r o mwh i c ht ol a u n c h i n j u r y . o r a n g e sa tt h eo n c o mi n gf l o a twh i l et woo ft h e i r 6 .Th ec h a r i o tmu s tb ep l a c e dwi t h i nad e s i g n a t e d t e a mma t e sa i mt h ec h a r i o t ,p r o mo t i n g b a s eb e f o r et h es l i n g s h o ti su s e d .Ho we v e r ,i ft h e c o mmu n i c a t i o n ,t e a mwo r ka n dr e mo v i n gt h en u mb e r c h a r i o ti st ob eu s e da sas h i e l d ,t h eu s e ri sa l l o we d o fp e o p l ef r o mt h ec e n t r a lf i g h t . t oh a n dt h r o wt h eo r a n g e sa tt h ef l o a t . 7 .Th ec h a r i o ta n db a s ec a nb es t o l e nb y Th eo v e r a l li d e ai st os u r p r i s ea n dd e l i g h t me me b e r so ft h ef l o a tt e a msa ta n yt i me .Ho we v e r , s p e c t a t o r sa st h eu s eo ft h eb a s e ,t h es t r e e t o n l yb a s e st h a ta r eb e h i n dt h ef l o a to nt h er o u t e f u r n i t u r e ,b e c o me sc o mp l e t ea n dt omo d e r n i s et h e ma yb eu s e dt of i r ef r o m. f r u i tb a t t l eb yp r o mo t i n gt a c t i c s .

f l o a ts t r e e tr o u t e o p e np u b l i cs p a c e b a s el o c a t i o n s


De s i g nPr opos a l Ma t e r i a lChoi c e Th eb a t t l ec h a r i o tc o mp r i s e so ft h r e ema i n ma t e r i a l s : Be e c ht i mb e r Hi g hd e n s i t yp o l y e t h y l e n e( HDPE) Po l y p r o p y l e n e( PP) Al u mi n i u ma l l o y ,0 . 5 %Ma n g a n e s e ,4 . 0 % Ma g n e s i u m,0 . 1 5 %Ch r o mi u m( t u b ea n ds h e e t )

Th er e a s o nt h ea l u mi n i u ma l l o ywa sc h o s e no v e r t h ep u r ea l u mi n i u mi st h a tp u r ea l u mi n i u mi sa r e l a t i v e l ys o f tme t a l ,a d d i n gt h es ma l lp e r c e n t a g eo f o t h e rma t e r i a l st ot h emi xi n c r e a s e si t st e n s i l e s t r e n g t hb ya r o u n d3 0 0 % Th i sa l l o yi sd e s c r i b e da sh a v i n gav e r yh i g hwe l d e d s t r e n g t hf o rs t r u c t u r a lwo r kwi t hg o o dr e s i s t a n c et o c o r r o s i o n .I th a sal o wwo r k a b i l i t yf a c t o rwh i c h me a n sa l t h o u g hi tma yt a k ee f f o r t ,a n yb e n d swi t h i n Be e c hTi mbe r : t h ep i p ewi l lb es t r o n g .Th i sa l l o yi sn o tb r i t t l e .Th e Be a c hi sav e r yd e n s e ,h a r d wo o dt i mb e rt h a tc a nb e r e s i s t a n c et oc o r r o s i o ni si mp o r t a n ta st h et u b ewi l l s o u r c e df r o ms u s t a i n a b l yma n a g e ds i t e sa r o u n d b ec o v e r e di nc i t r u sf r u i twh i c hi sa c i d i c . Eu r o p e( PEFCa n dFSCa p p r o v e d )Th ea d v a n t a g e o fu s i n gas u s t a i n a b l yma n a g e dt i mb e ri su p o nt h e e n v i r o n me n t .Not i mb e rwi l lb er e mo v e dwi t h o u ta n e ws e e d / s a p l i n gb e i n gp l a n t e d . Hi g hDe ns i t yPol y e t hy l e ne Be e c hwa sc h o s e nf o ri t sd e n s i t y ,a v e r a g et r u n k d i a me t e ra n dc o l o u r .

( HDPE) :

HDPEh a sb e e nc h o s e nf o rt h eb a s ed u et oi t s h a r d n e s s ,i t sh i g ht e n s i l es t r e n g t ha n di t so p a c i t y wh e nmo u l d e d . De n s i t y :7 0 0-9 0 0k g / m3 HDPE’ su s e sa r eo nt h el a r g e rs c a l ewi t hc h e mi c a l Av gt r u n kd i a me t e r :3 7 0 mm d r u ms ,b e e rk e g s ,p l a yp a r ks l i d e sa n dmo u l d e d Co l o u r :wa r mb u td u l lwi t hl a r g ea mo u n to fc o n t r a s t p i c n i cb e n c h e s . I ti st h i sma t e r i a lp r e c e d e n tt h a tma k e st h eu s eo f Th el a r g et r u n kd i a me t e ra l l o wsf o rg r e a t e r HDPEaf a rs ma r t e rc h o i c ef o rt h er o t a t i o n a l l y s e g me n t st ob et a k e nf r o mt h et r e e ,wh i c ha r et h e n mo u l d e db a s e .Th ema t e r i a lh a sb e e nt r i e da n d l a mi n a t e dt o g e t h e ra n dma c h i n e dt oc r e a t eas i n g l e t e s t e dwh e nr e q u i r e dt oh o l dl a r g ev o l u me so f p i e c e ,s u c ha st h ec h a r i o tb a s e ,t h a ta p p e a r st ob e l i q u i d . o n el a r g ep i e c e .I ft h es e g me n t swe r es ma l l e r ,t h e d i f f e r e n c ei nt h eg r a i nwo u l db ef a rh i g h e ra n dmo r e n o t i c e a b l e ,r e mo v i n gt h es o l i df e e l i n go ft h ep i e c e . P ol y pr opy l e ne( PP) : PPi sa na l t e r n a t i v et oHDPE.i th a sas l i g h t l yl o we r t e n s i l es t r e n g t ha n di tn o tr a t e da sh a r d .I t s a p p l i c a t i o n sr a n g emo r et o wa r ds ma l ls c a l ei t e ms Al umi ni umAl l oy : s u c ha sp a c k a g i n gb o t hh a r da n ds o f to rh o u s e h o l d Al u mi n i u ma l l o ywa sc h o s e nf o ri t sa p p e a r a n c e ,i t s i t e ms . we i g h ta n di t st e n s i l es t r e n g t h . Th eme l t i n gp o i n to fPPi sl o we rt h a nHDPEt h u si s e a s i e rt omo u l do nas ma l ls c a l e . d i a me t e r :5 0 mm Be c a u s eo ft h er e p e a t e dn a t u r eo ft h eh a n dg r i p s t h i c k n e s s :2 mm a n dt h es ma l ls c a l e ,p o l y p r o p y l e n ewi l lb eu s e dwi t h We i g h t :6 6 9g r a ms / me t r e r o t a t i o n a lmo u l d i n gt oc r e a t eo n et u b ewh i c hwi l lb e s e g me n t e dt oc r e a t et h eg r i p s .Th er e d u c e d Th er e a d i l ya v a i l a b l ea l u mi n i u ma l l o yt u b e sa r e h a r d n e s so fPPc o mp a r e dt oHDPEwi l lg i v et h e f i n i s h e dt oav e r yh i g hs h i n e ,ad e s i g nc h o i c et o g r i p samo r et a c t i l ef e e l . c o n t r a s ta g a i n s tt h es l i g h t l yd u l lc o l o u ro ft h e b e e c h .


De s i g nPr opos a l Ma t e r i a lSumma r y BDA0 0 1 :Ba s e Hi g hd e n s i t yp o l y e t h y l e n e( HDPE) Ro t a t i o n a lmo u l d i n g Ri g i d ,s t r o n g ,g o o dt e n s i l es t r e n g t h ,p r o v e nt oh o l dl i q u i d s u n d e rp r e s s u r ea n dc o mp r e s s i o n . BDA0 0 2 :Up p e rb a s e Be e c ht i mb e r Gl u el a mi n a t e dt h e nl a t h e da n dd r i l l e d De n s e ,r e a d i l ya v a i l a b l et i mb e rt y p e .Th es mo o t hf i n i s h p o s s i b l ewi l lr e d u c et h ef r i c t i o na g a i n s tt h eb a s ewh e ni n p o s i t i o n . BDA0 0 3 :Sh i e l d Be e c hp l y ,a l u mi n i u ma l l o y Gl u el a mi n a t e dp l yf o r me da r o u n da l u mi n i u ma l l o yp o s t s Pl yi se a s yt of o r mwh i l ei sa l l o yh a sah i g ht e n s i l es t r e n g t h a n dwi l la c ta st h ema i ns u p p o r tf o rt h es l i n g s h o t . BDA0 0 4 :Pl a t e Al u mi n i u m St a mp e da l u mi n i u mf r o n tt op r o t e c tt h ep l ya g a i n s tr o t t i n g f r o mt h eo r a n g ej u i c e .Al s oa d d sa ne x t r at o u c ho f a u t h e n t i c i t yt ot h es h i e l df o r m,a na e s t h e t i cc o n s i d e r a t i o n . BDA0 0 5 :Ba c kr e s t Al u mi n i u ma l l o y ,Po l y p r o p y l e n e( PP) St r o n g ,l i g h ta l l o yt oc r e a t eb o t ht h ec o n n e c t i o nf o rt h e b a c kr e s ta n dp r o v i d et h eg r i p sf o rt h ea i mi n gs y s t e m.PP u s e df o rs ma l ls c a l er o t a t i o n a lmo u l d i n g ,l e s se n e r g y c o n s u me di nma n u f a c t u r e . BDA0 0 6 :Ha n d l e( x 2 ) Al u mi n i u ma l l o y ,Po l y p r o p y l e n e( PP) St r o n g ,l i g h ta l l o yt oc r e a t eah a n d l ef o rt r a n s p o r t i n gt h e c h a r i o t .PPu s e df o rs ma l ls c a l er o t a t i o n a lmo u l d i n g ,l e s s e n e r g yc o n s u me di nma n u f a c t u r e . BDA0 0 7 :Ammo Po l y p r o p y l e n e( PP) No ns t r u c t u r a le l e me n t ,s i mp l yat a i l o r e df r u i tb a s k e t .PP u s e df o rs ma l ls c a l ei n j e c t i o nmo u l d i n g ,l e s se n e r g y c o n s u me di nma n u f a c t u r e .


De s i g nPr opos a l St r uc t ur e

de a dl oa da ppl i e dl oa dt e ns i on c ompr e s s i on s he e rr i s kpoi nt s

Pa r t :Ba s e Ma t e r i a l :Hi g hd e n s i t yp o l y e t h y l e n eb a s e Me t h o d :Ro t a t i o n a lmo u l d i n g Lo a d :Vo l u me=6 6 . 7 4 l i t r e s No t e s :Fi l l e dwi t hwa t e r Co n n e c t i o n :Tot h eg r o u n dv i ar u b b e rf e e t Po s s i b l ep o i n t so ff a i l u r ewi l lb er e i n f o r c e db ya d d i n ga r a d i u st ot h ee d g e s .

Pa r t :Ch a r i o tb a s e Ma t e r i a l :Eu r o p e a nBe e c ht r e e ,d e n s eh a r d wo o d Me t h o d :Ma c h i n e d ,l a t h e ,d r i l l i n g ,mi l l i n g Lo a d :Co mp r e s s i o n Ap p l i e dl o a d :t h ewe i g h to ft h eu s e r . Co n n e c t i o n :Gr a v i t y ,d r o p p e di n t oama l e / f e ma l eg a p No t e s :HDPEi su s e di nc o n n e c t i o nwi t ht h ec h a r i o t b a s ea si twi l lwi t h s t a n dt h eg e n e r a lwe a ra n dt e a ra s t h et i mb e rr u b sa g a i n s ti td u r i n gc h a r i o tp l a c e me n ta n d a i mi n g .Th eh i g hd e n s i t yo ft h eb e e c hme a n si tc a nb e s a n d e dd o wnt oav e r ys mo o t hf i n i s hr e d u c i n gf r i c t i o n .


De s i g nPr opos a l St r uc t ur e

de a dl oa da ppl i e dl oa dt e ns i on c ompr e s s i on s he e rr i s kpoi nt s Pa r t :Sh i e l da n ds l i n g s h o t Ma t e r i a l :Sh i e l d-p l y wo o d ,p l a t e-s t a mp e da l u mi n i u m, s l i n g s h o t-a l u mi n i u ma l l o yp o s t s Me t h o d :t h ep l y wo o di sg l u el a mi n a t e da r o u n dt h e4 a l u mi n i u ma l l o yp o s tj i g .Th ea l u mi n i u ms h i e l dp l a t ei s t h e ns c r e we di n t ot h ep l y Lo a d :Te n s i o n / c o mp r e s s i o n / s h e e r Ap p l i e dl o a d :Fo r c eo fo r a n g e sh i t t i n gt h es h i e l d ,t e n s i o ni nt h es h i e l da n de l a s t i ca st h eu s e rf i r e st h es l i n g Co n n e c t i o n :3 mms c r e w,6 mms c r e w( i n t ot h ec h a r i o t b a s e ) No t e s :Th ec u r v a t u r eo ft h es h i e l dme a n st h ei mp o s e d l o a dwh e nt h es l i n g s h o ti su s e dwi l lb ed i s s i p a t e d a r o u n dt h et i mb e rb a s ep l a t e .Th ea l u mi n i u mp l a t ei s n o tl o a db e a r i n gt h e r e f o r ed o e sn o tn e e da ss t r o n ga c o n n e c t i o n . Te n s i l es t r a i ni st a k e nt h r o u g ht h ee l a s t i c


De s i g nPr opos a l St r uc t ur e

de a dl oa da ppl i e dl oa dt e ns i on c ompr e s s i on s he e rr i s kpoi nt s

Pa r t :Ba c ks u p p o r t Ma t e r i a l :a l u mi n i u ma l l o yt u b e ,p l y wo o d ,p o l y p r o p y l e n e ( PP) Me t h o d :Ro t a t i o n a l l ymo u l d e dh a n dg r i p sa n db a c k p l a t e ,b e n ta l u mi n i u mt u b e . Lo a d :Te n s i o n / c o mp r e s s i o n / s h e e r Ap p l i e dl o a d :Wh e nt h eu s e rl e a n sa g a i n s tt h ep a dwh i l e f i r i n g .l a t e r a ll o a d sa tt h e i rt e a mma t ea t t e mp t st oa i m. Co n n e c t i o n :En d sc u to f ft h ePPa n ds l i do v e rt h et u b e , g l u e di n t op l a c e .Co a t e di nwa xa n dg e n t l yc o a x e di n t o p r e d r i l l e ds l o t si nt h ec h a r i o tb a s e .Se a ts e c u r e dwi t h 3 mms c r e ws . No t e s :Th i si sn o tas e a t ,s i mp l yas u p p o r twh e nf i r i n g t h es l i n g s h o t .I twi l lp r e v e n tt h eu s e rf r o mf a l l i n go f ft h e c h a r i o t . Ha n dg r i p smo u l d e dt op r o v i d et a c t i l es u r f a c e( g r o o v e d ) f o rt h et e a mma t et or o t a t e . Ba c kp l a t emo u l d e di no r d e rt oa l l o wf o rt h et u b et os i t p e r f e c t l ywi t h i nmo u l d e ds l o t s .


De s i g nPr opos a l St r uc t ur e

de a dl oa da ppl i e dl oa dt e ns i on c ompr e s s i on s he e rr i s kpoi nt s

Pa r t :Ca r r yHa n d l e s Ma t e r i a l :Al u mi n i u mt u b e ,PP Me t h o d :Ro t a t i o n a l l ymo u l d e dPPh a n dg r i p s ,b e n t a l u mi n i u ma l l o yt u b e s . Lo a d :Te n s i o n / s h e e r Ap p l i e dl o a d :Th ewe i g h to ft h ec h a r i o ta si ti s t r a n s p o r t e d . Co n n e c t i o n :En d sc u to f ft h ePPa n ds l i do v e rt h et u b e , g l u e di n t op l a c e .Co a t e di nwa xa n dc o a x e di n t op r e d r i l l e dh o l e . Ca r r yh a n d l e sp e n e t r a t et h et i mb e rb y1 5 0 mm. Ad d i t i o n a lr e s i ne p o x ywi l lb er e q u i r e da sas a f e t y p r e c a u t i o na st h eh a n d l e sn e e dt oh o l di np l a c ea st h e c h a r i o ti sb e i n gt r a n s p o r t e d .


De s i g nPr opos a l Er g onomi c s

To t a lh e i g h t : Us a b l eh e i g h to ft h ec h a r i o t : Us a b l ed i a me t r e : Lo we s th e i g h to ft h eb a c kr e s t : Di a me t r eo ft h eb a c kr e s t : He i g h to fs t a n d i n gp l a t e : An g l eo fb a c kr e s tt ov e r t i c a l : Di s t a n c ef r o ms l i n g s h o tb a s k e tt or e s t :

1 6 9 0 mm 1 2 1 0 mm 1 0 0 0 mm 3 3 0 mm 5 2 5 mm 4 8 0 mm 3 0 8 0 6 mm

Cl e a r a n c ef r o mh a n d l et ob a s e : He i g h to fa mmos t o r ef r o mf o o tp l a t e : Wi d t ho fs l i n g s h o ps u p p o r t s : Cl e a r a n c ef r o mb o d yt oh a n d l e : Cl e a r a n c eb e t we e na i mi n gh a n d l e s :

3 5 0 mm 5 1 0 mm 6 5 2 mm 5 0 . 1 2 mm 5 0 mm

Di me n s i o n sa r ear e f l e c t i o no ft h emo s tb a s i c a n t h r o p o me t r i cc o n s i d e r a t i o n sb a s e du p o n e r g o n o mi cs t u d y( s e ea p p e n d i x ) .Ea c hme a s u r e me n t wa sc o n s i d e r e da g a i n s twe i g h to ft h ema t e r i a la n d h o wi ti st ob eu s e db o t hi nma n u f a c t u r ea n d p r a c t i c e . Ab o v ea r eas e l e c t i o no ft h emo s ti mp o r t a n t d i me n s i o n sf o rt h eu s eo ft h eb a t t l ec h a r i o ta n d d i a g r a mst od i s p l a yh o wt h ee l e me n t sl o o ki n r e l a t i o nt ot h e5 0 %e r g o n o mi cma n .


Compa nyPol i c y Et hi c s /Emi s s i ons /Sus t a i na bi l i t y t hi c s : I ti si mp o r t a n t ,t h r o u g h o u ta l la s p e c t so fd e s i g na n d E h i st i mea n dd a t e ,wea r ec o mi n gt oan e wp o i n t ma n u f a c t u r e ,t or e ma i na st r a n s p a r e n ta sp o s s i b l e , Att i nr e n e wa b l ee n e r g i e s ,ma t e r i a lu s e sa n d c o n s i d e rt h ei mp l i c a t i o n so fo u rd e c i s i o n sa n d ma n u f a c t u r i n gt e c h n i q u e s .Wef e e li ti sn e c e s s a r y u n d e r s t a n dt h ee f f e c ta f t e rp r o d u c tc o n s u mp t i o n . t oe n t e rac o n v e r s a t i o nwi t ht h e s ed e v e l o p me n t s a n d i n v e s t i n t h e f u t u r e s o t h e p r o d u c t s w e p r o d u c e I nc o n s i d e r i n gt h e s ea s p e c t s ,e t h i c s ,e mi s s i o n sa n d a r eo ft h eh i g h e s tq u a l i t ya n dt oe n s u r et h es e c u r i t y s u s t a i n a b i l i t yc a nb ed e s c r i b e da ss u i t a b l e o fo u rb r a n di nt h ef u t u r e . c a t e g o r i e s . Ou ru s eo fma t e r i a l swi l lb et r a n s p a r e n ta n dwewi l l a l wa y sa t t e mp tt oj u s t i f yo u rc h o i c e si nt e r mso ft h e d e s i r e de f f e c t .Ab a l a n c ewi l lb ema d eb e t we e n c o s t ,q u a l i t y ,a v a i l a b i l i t ya n dr e n e wa b i l i t y . Wes t r o n g l yb e l i e v et h a te v e r y o n es h o u l db eb e r e wa r d e da p p r o p r i a t e l yf o rt h e i re f f o r ta n ds owe wi l la l wa y si n v e s tt i mei ns e a r c h i n gf o r ma n u f a c t u r e r sa n dp r o d u c t i o ns i t e st h a tr e wa r da n d t r e a tt h e i rwo r k e r sf a i r l y . Wea l s ob e l i e v ei nu n d e r s t a n d i n gc u l t u r a l d i f f e r e n c e sa n dp r i d eo u r s e l v e so nt h i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g .I fweh o p et oc o n t i n u ea sa n i n t e r n a t i o n a lb r a n d ,wen e e dt ou n d e r s t a n da n d a p p r e c i a t et h es u b t l ed i f f e r e n c e st h a tma k et h i s s ma l lp l a n e ts u c hal a r g ep l a c e . Emi s s i ons : Web e l i e v ei ti sn e c e s s a r yt ou n d e r s t a n dt h eCO2 e mi s s i o n sa n de mb e d d e de n e r g yo fo u rd e s i g n p r o c e s s ,ma t e r i a lc h o i c ea n dp r o d u c t i o nt e c h n i q u e s . Wewi l lh a p p i l yu s ead i f f e r e n tma t e r i a lwi t ha b e t t e re mi s s i o n sr a t i n gp r o v i d e di tme e t st h eb r i e f . Wea r ea l s oa l wa y sk e e nt oe n g a g ewi t ht h eu s eo f n e we r ,c l e a n e rp r o c e s s e sa n dma t e r i a l s .

Sus t a i na bi l i t y : I nt h ec u r r e n td e s i g na n dma n u f a c t u r ec l i ma t e , s u s t a i n a b i l i t yi sama j o rf a c t o ri nb o t hb u i l d i n ga n d s e l l i n g .Wewi l ls e a r c hf o rt h ep r o p e re t h i c a l s u p p l i e r sa n ds u s t a i n a b l ema t e r i a l se v e r ys t e po f t h ep r o c e s sa n dwi l le n d e a v o u rt oma i n t a i nah i g h r e p u t a t i o nf o ru s i n gs u s t a i n a b l ema t e r i a l s ,h o we v e r i tmu s tb eu n d e r s t o o dt h a ti nc e r t a i nc a s e s , s u s t a i n a b l ema t e r i a l sa r es i mp l yn o tf e a s i b l ewh e n t a i l o r i n gt ot h eb r i e f .


Ma t e r i a l sa ndSt r uc t ur e s2 Appe ndi c e s


De s i g nRe v i e w TheBa t t l eCha r i ot I st he r eac l e a rbr i e f ?

Howc a nt hede s i g nf a i l ?

Th ef e s t i v a lh a sb e e nc h o s e na n dt h ee l e me n tt h a t c a nb ee n h a n c e dt h r o u g hd e s i g nd i s c o v e r e d .I n s h o r t ,t h eb r i e fs t a t e sap i e c e so fs t r e e tf u r n i s h i n g f o raf e s t i v a lma d ef r o ma tl e a s t1r o t a t i o n a l l y mo u l d e de l e me n ta n dt h ei n c o r p o r a t i o no f1o t h e r ma t e r i a l . Fu r t h e rd e t a i l sh a v eb e e nd e s c r i b e di nt e r mso ft h e c h o s e nf e s t i v a la n dt h ea c t i v i t i e st h a twi l lb et a k i n g p l a c e .

On ee l e me n to fc o n c e r ni st h ec o s to fp r o d u c t i o no f s o meo ft h ee l e me n t s .Th i si sc a nb er e me d i e db y o u t s o u r c i n gt h et a s kt oal o c a lwh oi swi l l i n gt o t a k eo nt h ewo r ka saf a v o u ri nc e l e b r a t i o no ft h e f e s t i v a lo rp o s s i b l yh a v ec o mp a n i e sma n u f a c t u r e t h e ma n du s et h e mt oa d v e r t i s et h e i rp r o d u c t so n a ni n t e r n a t i o n a ls t a g e .Th i swo u l dh a v et ob es u b t l e a n dt a s t e f u la st h ef e s t i v a li sa b o u tl o c a lt r a d i t i o n a n di samo me n twh e r et h et o wne x p r e s s e si t s h i s t o r yt ot h ei n t e r n a t i o n a lc r o wd .

I st hede s i g nr e s pons ec l e a r l y e x pr e s s e dbyi nt e nt i on? I ns h o r t ,y e s .Th ed e s i g ni su n i q u et op u r p o s ea n d e x p r e s s e sa l le l e me n t sd e s c r i b e db yt h eb r i e f .

Ar et he i re l e me nt st ha ta r enotf i t f orpur pos e ?

Att h ee n ds t a g e ,n o .Ea c ho ft h ee l e me n t s , i me n s i o n sa n du s e sh a v eb e e nwo r k e dt h r o u g ht o I se a c hi ndi v i dua le l e me ntf i tf or d c o met ot h e i rmo s tl o g i c a l ,e f f i c i e n tc o n c l u s i o n wh i l ek e e p i n ga ne l e me n to fe x c i t e me n ta n d pur pos e ? u n i q u e n e s s t o t h e d e i g n . T h e s e w a s a s t r u g g l e Ba s e :Ro t a t i o n a l l ymo u l d e ds t r e e tf u r n i s h i n g , t h r o u g ht h ed e s i g np r o c e s si no r d e rt oc o met ot h i s d e s i g n e dt oh o l dwa t e ra n dc a nb ef i l l e da n d o n c l u s i o n .Di f f e r e n ts t a g e sh e l dd i f f e r e n tp r o b l e ms , e mp t i e da tl e i s u r e .Th emo u l dc a nb ema d emu l t i p l e c s p e c i f i c a l l yh o wt h ec h a r i o two u l dp r o mo t et e a m t i me sa sr e q u i r e df o rt h ef e s t i v a l . wo r ka n dr e ma i nas a f ef o r mo fa t t a c k .Th eo t h e r Up p e rb a s e :Ane l e v a t e ds p a c eo nwh i c ht h e e l e m e n t t h a t w a s n o t f i t f o r p u r p o s e w a s t h e a c t i v i t yo ft h ed e s i g nt a k e sp l a c e .I tc o n n e c t swi t h t e r i a lc h o i c e .I tt o o kr e s e a r c ha n dc o n s i d e r a t i o n t h eb a s eo nt h emo s ts i mp l ey e te f f i c i e n tme t h o d , ma no r d e rt of i n a l i s et h ec h o i c e smo r es of o rt h e i r p r o v i d e se n o u g hs p a c ef o r1p e r s o nt oo p e r a t e dt h e o s t r u c t u r a l / ma n u f a c t u r i n gp r o p e r t i e st h a nt h e i r b a t t l ec h a r i o ta n da d d swe i g h tt oma k et h e a e s t h e t i cc h o i c e . t r a n s p o r tat e a mt a s k . Sh i e l d / Pl a t e :p r o v i d e sc o v e rf o rt h eu s e ra g a i n s t Ar et hema t e r i a l sa ppr opr i a t e a t t a c ka n dp r o v i d e st h es h a p ewh i c hh a sb e e n Ye s .Th eHDPEi sf o rh o l dal a r g ev o l u mea n db e d r a wnf r o mRo ma na r mo u ra n dv e h i c l e s . p r o d u c e si nb a t c h .Th et i mei st ob ec r a f t e da n d Ba c kr e s t :p r o v i d e ss u p p o r tf o rt h eu s e ra n da n s c u l p t e da n dr e l a t eb a c kt o op o s s i b l et e c h n i q u e so f a i mi n gs y s t e mt op r o mo t et e a mwo r k .I tg i v e st h e 2 0 0 0y e a r sa g o .Th ea l u mi n i u ma l l o yi sa l la b o u t c h a r i o tab o u n d a r ya n dh e l p sd e f i n et h eu s e . s t r u c t u r ea n ds t r e n g t hwh i l et h es t r a i g h ta l u mi n i u m Ha n d l e s :c h u n k ya n ds o l i da n dp l a c e da t2p o i n t s , i sd e c o r a t i v e .t h ePPi sc h e a p e rt op r o d u c ea n d e n o u g hs p a c ef o r2p e o p l et oh o l di fn e c e s s a r y . s o f t e ra n di su s e df o rt a c t i l i t yo ff i n i s h ,p r i c ea n da s Ma k e st h et r a n s p o r to ft h ec h a r i o tat e a me f f o r t . t h ee l e me n t sa r en o ts t r u c t u r a l .

Ar et hema nuf a c t ur i nga nd a s s e mbl yc hoi c e sa ppr opr i a t e ? Ye s .Th e ya r eb a s e du p o nt h eu s eo ft h ema t e r i a l a n da r ed e s i g n e dt ob er e c e i v e da n ds l o t t e d t o g e t h e rq u i c k l ya n de a s i l y ,r e d u c i n gt h eo v e r n u mb e ro fc o mp o n e n t s .


Ma t e r i a lSt udy1 Out doorBe nc h

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Col our s :

Ti mb e rb e a msa r r a n g e do nt o po fs t e e lIb e a msa n d b o l t e dt o g e t h e r .Th et i mb e rh a sb e e na r r a n g e dwi t h f u r t h e rt i mb e rs p a c e r sa n dal a r g ed o we lh a sb e e n p u s h e dh o r i z o n t a l l yt oa r r a n g et h et i mb e r .Th e t i mb e rh a sb e e ns c r e we do n t ot h eIb e a mwh i c hc a n b es e e nt oh a v ep r e d e s c r i b e ds p a c e si nt h ef l a n g e s f o rs c r e ws .

Th en a t u r a lf i n i s ho ft h et i mb e ra n dag r e yf o rt h e s t e e l ,l i k e l yc h o s e nt oma t c ht h ec h a n g i n gc o l o u ro f t h et i mb e ra n dn o tt os t a n do u ta g a i n s tt h e we a t h e r e dl o o k .

Fi ni s h: Th et i mb e rh a sb e e nl e f ti ni t sn a t u r a ls t a t e .I twi l l l i k e l yh a v eb e e nc a r e f u l l yd r i e df o ral e n g t h yp e r i o d o ft i mea n dc h o s e nf o ri t st i g h tg r a i nwh i c hh a sa r e l a t i v e l yc o n s i s t e n td i r e c t i o n .Th es t e e lh a sb e e n c o a t e dwi t hap a i n tt ob o t hh i d ea n yb l e mi s h e di n t h ema t e r i a la n dp r e v e n tc o r r o s i o n .I tc a nb es e e n h o we v e r ,t h a twh e r et h ep a i n th a swo r no f f ,r u s t h a sa p p e a r e d .

Me t hodofpl a c e me nt : Al t h o u g ht h e r ei ss p a c e so nt h es t e e lt oa t t a c ht h e b e n c ht ot h ewa l k wa y ,i th a sn o tb e e nu s e ds ot h e b e n c hs t a y si np l a c ep r i ma r i l yt h r o u g hwe i g h t .

Addi t i ona l : Th eu s eo ft i mb e rt oj o i nt i mb e ra n dt h e nt h e s t r o n g e rma t e r i a l ,s t e e l ,t oj o i nt h ed i f f e r e n t ma t e r i a l st o g e t h e ra p p e a r sg o o dp r a c t i c e . Th et i mb e rwi l lwe a t h e ra n db e c o memo r ea n dmo r e p a r to fi t ss u r r o u n d i n g


Ma t e r i a lSt udy2 Ex t e r i orSt r uc t ur e

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Me t hodofpl a c e me nt :

Gl u el a mi n a t e ds p e c i a l i s tt i mb e rb e a msh e l db ya n i n t e r n a ls t e e lb r a c k e t .Ho l e sh a v eb e e nd r i l l e dwi t h t wod i a me t e r swi t h i nt h eo n es p a c et oa l l o wt h e b o l t st or e s ti n s i d et h et i mb e rb e a ms .Th eCi r c u l a r n a t u r eo ft h eb o l t sme a n st h ec o n n e c t i o nwi l lh o l d i na n yd i r e c t i o n .

St e e lb r a c k e t swe l d e dt ot h es t r u c t u r a lu p r i g h t sa n d t i mb e rb e a msc r a n e di n t op l a c e .Ho l l o wswi l lh a v e b e e nd r i l l e di n t ot h eb e a msa td i f f e r i n gr a d i u st o a l l o wb o l t st ob et i g h t e n e dwh i l el e a v i n ge n o u g h s u r f a c ef o rt h eb o l t st oc o n n e c twi t h .

Fi ni s h: Th et i mb e rh a sb e e nv a r n i s h e dt oma i n t a i nas h i n e a n dp r e v e n tg r e y i n gwi t ha g e s .Th es t e e li sl i k e l y g a l v a n i s e dt op r e v e n tc o r r o s i o n .

Col our s : Ti mb e ra p p e a r ss l i g h t l yd a r k e rt h a ni t sp o s s i b l e n a t u r a lc o l o u rd u et ov a r n i s h .Th es t e e li sad a r k g r e yi no r d e rt oc r e a t ec o n t r a s t .

Addi t i ona l : Th et i mb e rh a sma i n t a i n e di t sc o l o u rt h r o u g h t r e a t me n t .Th i sr e mo v e st h ea g i n gf r o mama t e r i a l , s o me t h i n gwh i c hr e f l e c t si t se n v i r o n me n th o we v e ri s l i k e l yn e c e s s a r yt op r e v e n ts t r u c t u r a lf a i l u r e . Th ed i f f e r i n gd e p t h so ft h eb e a msme a na n d r e d u c e dma t e r i a lc o s t . Th e s et i mb e re l e me n t sa r ea ne x a mp l eo f e n g i n e e r i n gt h a ta l l o wsf o rl a r g ewi d t h so ft i mb e rt o b ec r e a t e df o rp u r p o s e .


Ma t e r i a lSt udy3 Te ne me ntSt r e e tBi n

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Col our s :

St a mp e da l u mi n i u mb i nc a s e sa r et o p p e dwi t h r o t a t i o n a l l ymo u l d e dp l a s t i cl i d s .Th el i d sa r el i k e l y t ob ema d ef r o mh i g hd e n s i t yp o l y e t h y l e n e( HDPE) d u et ot h e i rs e mir i g i dn a t u r ea n dt h ee x t e r i o r f o r c e st h e ya r er e q u i r e dt owi t h s t a n d .I ti sp o s s i b l e t h a tt wol i d sa r emo u l d e da to n c ei nas y mme t r i c a l mo l dt h e nc u ti nh a l ft op r o v i d et wol i d s .Th ef o r m o ft h ea l u mi n i u mb i nh a si n c o r p o r a t e dr i d g e st h a t s t r e n g t h e nt h ef o r m.

Bl a c k ,t oh i d ed e n t sa n ds c r a p e s .Re f l e c t i v ec a u t i o n t a p eh a sb e e na d d e ds oa n yd r i v e r so rp e d e s t r i a n s c a ns p o tt h ec o r n e r s .

Fi ni s h: Th eb i nh a sb e e np a i n e dt op r e v e n tc o r r o s i o na n d a same t h o do fr e mo v i n ga n yv a n d a l i s m.I ft h e r ei s g r a f f i t io nt h eb i n ,i tc a nb es i mp l yp a i n t e da g a i n . Th eHDPEh a sb e e nma d eb l a c kl i k e l yt oma t c ht h e b i nc o l o u ra n da si ti sl i k e l yt oh i d ea n ys c r a t c h e d t h ema t e r i a ls u f f e r sa st h ec o n t e n t sa r ee mp t i e d

Me t hodofPl a c e me nt : Th eb i ni so nc a s t e rwh e e l sme a n i n gi tc a nb e mo v e d .Ea c hwh e e lh a sab r a k es oi twi l ln o tr o l lo f f o nah i l lo rd u et owi n d .Th el i dh a sb e e ns e c u r e di n p l a c ewi t hme t a lb o l t sa n dav e r ys i mp l eh i n g ei s c r e a t e db e t we e nt h et woma t e r i a l si no r d e rt ok e e p t h el i do nwh e nr e mo v i n gt h er u b b i s h .As ma l l e r h a t c hh a sb e e np r o v i d e dt op u tr u b b i s hi nb u t p r e v e n ti tb e i n gu s e da sas k i po rh a v i n gap e r s o n c l i mbi n .

Addi t i ona l : Hi n g e sc a nb ec r e a t e dwi t h i nt h emo u l d i n gp r o c e s s .


Ma t e r i a lSt udy4 I nt e r i orBi n

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Col our s :

St a mp e da l u mi n i u me x t e r i o ra n di n j e c t i o nmo u l d e d p o l y p r o p y l e n ei n n e rb i n .t h ea l u mi n i u mh a sb e e n s t a mp e di n t ot h r e es i d e sa n dt h ef o r t hh a sb e e n s t a mp e dt oc r e a t eas e a ms ot h ef o r t hs i d e ,a n d a c c e s sd o o rc a nb es l o t t e di n t op l a c e ,g i v i n gt h e a p p e a r a n c eo fn ol o c k so rd o o r .t h el i dh a sb e e n l i k e l ys c r e we do n t ot h ema i nb o d ya n di ss l o p e dt o a i dt h er u b b i s hf a l l i n gi n t ot h eb i na swe l la s p r e v e n t i n gi t e mst h a ta r et o ol a r g ef r o mb e i n gl e f t t h e r e .I n j e c t i o nmo u l d e dh a n d l e sh a v eb e e n a t t a c h e dt ot h eg a p si nt h eme t a li no r d e rt oc o v e r s h a r pe d g e s .

Si l v e ra l u mi n i u m,b l a c kp l a s t i ca n da n yo t h e r c o l o u r so ft h es t i c k e r s .

Fi ni s h: Al u mi n i u mh a sb e e nb r u s h e dd u r i n gma n u f a c t u r e a n ds t i c k e r st oi n f o r mp e o p l ewh a tk i n do fr u b b i s h g o e swh e r e .

Me t hodofPl a c e me nt : Th eb i ni ss t u c ki np l a c eh o we v e rn oc l e a re v i d e n c e o fh o wi sa v a i l a b l e .I ti sl i k e l yt h a ti th a sb e e n s c r e we dd o wni n t ot h et i l e sa n db e y o n dt ot h e c o n c r e t ep a df o u n d a t i o n .

Addi t i ona l : Th ep l a s t i c sh a v eb e e nu s e df o rs o f te d g e sa n dt o r e d u c ewe i g h to rp r e v e n tb u mp s .i ft h ei n t e r n a lb i n wa sme t a l ,r e mo v i n gi t ,wh e nf u l l ,wo u l db eal o u d a n dl a b o r i o u sp r o c e s s .i n s t e a di twi l lb u mpq u i e t l y a n di ft h et wos u r f a c e sd oc o n n e c t ,t h eme t a l , wh i c hi so ns h o w,wi l ln o tb es c r a t c h e dwh i l et h e p l a s t i cb i nc a nb er e p l a c e df o rc h e a p e r .


Ma t e r i a lSt udy5 Ex e r c i s eWe i g ht s

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Col our s :

Ro t a t i o n a l l ymo u l d e dh i g hd e n s i t yp o l y e t h y l e n e we i g h tb o d i e sr e s to nat h r e a d e ds t e e lb a rh e l di n p l a c ewi t hi n j e c t i o nmo u l d e df a s t e n e r s .Byu s i n g r o t a t i o n a lmo u l d i n g ,i ti sp o s s i b l et of i l lt h ec a v i t y o ft h ewe i g h twi t had e n s ema t e r i a l ,i nt h i sc a s e c o n c r e t e .Th eo v e r a l lwe i g h ti sc a l c u l a t e db y v o l u meb yd e n s i t ya n di t si sl i k e l yt h eHDPE’ s we i g h ti sn e g l i g e a b l e .Ani n j e c t i o nmo u l d e dh a n d l e h a sb e e ni n c l u d e dt op r o v i d eab e t t e rg r i p .

Ch r o mes i l v e r ,ma t tb l a c ka n dg r e y

Fi ni s h: t h es t e e lh a sb e e nc h r o me di no r d e rt og i v ei tt h e a p p e a r a n c eo fq u a l i t y .Th ei n j e c t i o nmo u l d e dp i e c e s a r eb l a c ka n ds l i g h t l yr o u g hi no r d e rt op r o v i d e f r i c t i o ni nu s e .Th ema i nHDPEb o d yh a sb e e n mo u l d e dwi t hs t r u c t u r a lf o r ma n dl e t t e r i n gi n c l u d e d . Th ef i l l i n gh o l eh a sb e e nc a p p e da n dg l u ei np l a c e t op r e v e n ta n yo ft h ef i l l e re s c a p i n g .

Me t hodofPl a c e me nt : Th ei n j e c t i o nmo u l d e dp a r t sh a v eu s e dt h i sp r o c e s s a st h e ya r er e q u i r e dt ob es t r o n ga st h e yh o l dt h e we i g h t so nt h eb a ra n da r et h ec o n n e c t i o nwi t ht h e u s e r .Th ee n dp i e c e sa r es h a p e da st op r o v i d eg r i p wh e nt i g h t e n i n ga n ds c r e wi nt ok e e pt h ewe i g h t si n p l a c e

Addi t i ona l : Ev e na ti t st i g h t e s t ,t h ewe i g h t swi l ls t i l ls p i no n t h eb a r .Th i si sp o s s i b l yb e c a u s et h eu n e v e n s u r f a c eo ft h ewe i g h tma k e sf r i c t i o nd i f f i c u l ta sa i r g e t st r a p p e d .


Ma t e r i a lSt udy6 Roma nSc ut a

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Me t hodofPl a c e me nt :

Gl u el a mi n a t e dt i mb e rma k e su pt h ema i nb o d y Th es h i e l dh a dt wol e a t h e rs t r a p so nt h eb a c ko n wh i c hi st h e nc o v e r e di nc a n v a sa n dl e a t h e rt o o r d e rf o rt h eu s e rt og r a s pi tf i r ml ywi t ho n eh a n d l e s s e nt h ei mp a c to fs wo r d so rmi s s i l ef i r e .Ame t a l a n dc o n t r o li te f f e c t i v e l y b a s h i n gp o i n t ,o rUmb o ,wo u l db eh a n db e a t e no v e r amo u l da n dn a i l e do n t ot h et i mb e r .Th eu mb owa s Addi t i ona l : p r o b a b l yma d ef r o mb r o n z e . Th eb e s ts u r v i v i n ge x a mp l eo ft h eSc u t ai s1 0 6 0 mm h i g ha n d7 4 5 mmwi d e .I ti se f f e c t i v ea si t sc u r v e r e q u i r e sl e s smo v e me n tt op r o t e c tmo r eo ft h e Fi ni s h: La t e rv e r s i o n so ft h es h i e l dwe r er e p o r t e dt oh a v ea b o d ywh i l et h eh e i g h ti se n o u g ht op r o t e c ta l lo ft h e me t a le d g ei no r d e rt op r e v e n tt h et i mb e rf r o m c r o u c h i n gu s e r .I t ss i mp l ec o n s t r u c t i o nme a n si ti s s p l i t t i n g .Di f f e r e n tr e g i me n t swi t h i nt h eRo ma n l i g h tb u ts t r o n g . a r mi e sd e c o r a t e dt h e i rs h i e l d sd i f f e r e n t l y ,s h o wi n g t h e i rv i l l a g e ss i g i l .Ea r l yd y e sf r o mp l a n tl i f ea n d a n i ma l swo u l dh a v eb e e nu s e dt oma k eu pt h e p a i n t st h a td e c o r a t e dt h ema i nb o d y

Col our s : Po l i s h e db r o n z eUmb o ,p a i n t e dt h ec o l o u r so ft h e r e g i me n tt owh i c ht h es o l d i e rb e l o n g e d


Ma t e r i a lSt udy7 Roma nCha r i ot

Ma t e r i a l sa ndma nuf a c t ur e :

Col our s :

Ha n dc a r v e dt i mb e rr i bs t r u c t u r ewi t hag l u e l a mi n a t e dc o v e r i n gb o d y .t h ewh e e l sa r ec a r v e d f r o mwo o da si st h ea x i l .Ti mb e rwa sa ne a s y ma t e r i a lt of i n da st h ea r myt r a v e l l e d .t h e r ei sa s ma l la mo u n to fme t a lwo r kf o rb r a c i n ga n dt h e j o i n t st h a tn e e dt omo v ea n db es t r o n gf o re x a mp l e wh e r et h eh o r s eb a rme e t st h et o wb a r .

Oi l e dt i mb e ra n dt h ec h o s e np a i n to ft h eu s e r .

Me t hodofPl a c e me nt :

Th ewh e e l swe r ea t t a c h e dt ot h ema i na x i lwi t ha c a pa n dh e l di np l a c ewi t hap i na tt h eo t h e re n d . Di f f e r e n te x a mp l es h o waf i x e da x i lo rat u r n i n go n e . e i t h e rwa y ,i ti sa t t a c h e dt ot h ema i nf l o o ro ft h e c a r twi t he i t h e rwo o d e np i n so rme t a ln a i l s , d e p e n d i n go nt h ef o r c e si tmu s twi t h s t a n d .a n Fi ni s h: a l le v i d e n c es u g g e s t st h ec h a r i o t swe r ef i n i s h e dt oa e x t e n d e dt o wi n ga r mp r o t r u d e sf r o mt h ef r o n tt o v e r yh i g hs t a n d a r d .Th e ywe r ee n g r a v e dwi t h a l l o ws p a c ef o rt h eh o r s ea n di sma d eo ft i mb e ra s i ma g e so fv i c t o r yo rd e a t hd e p e n d i n go nt h e n o tt ol o s et h ee n e r g yy o uwo u l di fu s i n gr o p ea n d o c c a s i o no fi t su s e .Th ec h a r i o ti smo s tc o mmo n l y i twe n ts l a c k ,c r a s h i n gi n t ot h eh o r s e s . a s s o c i a t e dwi t hr a c i n ga n dt h es ma l lb o d yg a v e r a c e r st h eo p p o r t u n i t yt oc a r v ei ni ma g e sa n d Addi t i ona l : p e r s o n a l i s et h e i rc a r t .Ev e nt h ewh e e l swe r e Th ec h a r i o twa sf o rt wop e o p l ewh e nf i g h t i n g .On e d e c o r a t e dwi t hc a r v i n g sa n dc o l o u r s .Al lt h et i mb e r wo u l ds t e e r ,t h eo t h e rwo u l da t t a c k . wa sl i k e l yc o a t e di na no i lt op r e v e n tr o t t i n g .


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Materials and Structures 2 Hand In 2013  

Napier University, Materials and Structures 2. Rotationally moulded street furniture for festival. Battle of Oranges, Ivrea, Italy. 29/04/13

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