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HABITAT TALKS

SHELTER-NATURE-CULTURE

GHORAMI.JON


GHORAMI.JON

GHORAMI [ঘরামী ] is the Bangla word for Rural Grassroots Builders.

Officially founded in 2013, GHORAMI.JON [ ঘরামী.জন ] was constituted with a vision to apply knowledge of APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY and ECOLOGY in built environment. The organization provides consultancy services for developing Sustainable HABITAT, SHELTER, SETTLEMENT and LANDSCAPE Planning schemes for mostly marginalized and rural communities. GHORAMI.JON implies the term ‘HABITAT’ and ‘COMMUNITY’ in socio-ecological senses inclusive of Human and surrounding Biodiversity.

Md. Fuad Abdul Quaium Architect

Md. Mizanur Rahman Mishu Architect

Soniha Nuzrat Tisha Architect

Tamanna Rahman Trisha Architect

A.S.M. Shahedur Rahman Architect


Divisions of GHORAMI.JON for Alternative Development Regional & Settlement Planning Division Shelter & Habitat Division Community Infrastructure Division Ecological Landscape Division Disaster & Emergency Response Division Research & Development Division


HABITAT? Human Habitats are placed in Natural Habitats. Therefore its necessary to grow a holistic and simultaneous concern for the Habitats of both Human Community and Natural Community.


Shelter & Habitat Division


Cyclone Resilient Home-cum-School

Location: Village-Purbo Kalinagar, Upazilla-Munshiganj, Satkhira, Bangladesh 2014

SUNDARBANS


SUNDARBANS _ LARGEST MANGROVE IN THE WORLD


SUNDARBANS _ LARGEST MANGROVE IN THE WORLD


RICH BIODIVERSITY OF SUNDARBANS THRIVES ON HEALTHY ECOLOGICAL PROCESSES


PEOPLE FIND DIVERSE MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD WITHIN THE FOREST


SUNDARBAN STANDS ACROSS THE MALANCHA RIVER


CYCLONE DEVASTATED HOUSEHOLDS


SITE SURROUNDING


CLOSE-UP VIEW OF SITE FROM EARTHEN BUND ROAD


The requirement was to demolish an existing near-tocollapse earthen room and an adjacent kitchen and to build a strong new room and an open learning place instead within the shortest time possible which government can take rent for educating the drop-out children as part of their outreach education program; the picture shows existing congested learning place at main bedroom verandah


Views of Asbestos sheet (banned these days) and earthen tile roofed existing structures; the earthen walls were slanting outwardly at the top; there was one ‘Geowa’ tree (Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species) edging the existing earthen mound that were saved while working.


Views of Asbestos sheet (banned these days) and earthen tile roofed existing structures; the earthen walls were slanting outwardly at the top; there was one ‘Geowa’ tree (Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species) edging the existing earthen mound that were saved while working.


DEMOLITION WORK IN PROGRESS


PLAN DRAWN AND IMPROVISED NUMEROUS TIMES ON SITE

The structure was conceived not as a barrier to the wind, rather like an instrument to let the force pass through it; roof vents, the overall openness all carry this vision of design concept. But necessary and affordable measures were also taken at the same time; pre-cast RCC posts, split-bamboo bracings, upper and lower bamboo beams connecting vertical CC posts into a network - all are such respective measures.


CC POSTS AND BAMBOOS WERE USED INSTEAD OF FOREST WOOD AS STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS.


CC POSTS REPLACED THE FOREST LOGS FOR STRUCTURAL PURPOSES.


SEVERE DRIVING RAIN MADE THE CONDITION ALL MUDDY AND HARD TO WORK, BUT ‘GHORAMI’S (LOCAL MASTERBUILDERS) KEPT ON WORKING.


WORK IN PROGRESS


Harsh weather conditions and rain made it take 9 days from demolishing the existing structure up to the construction of the new one. The required finish for rendering the earthen plinth through cement stabilization could not be given immediately after the completion of the structure; it was still very wet . The local masons finished that job at next winter(dry condition) though.


The regenerating Mangrove species including Geowa (Excoecaria agallocha), Keora (Sonneratia apetala) and Baen (Avicennia sp.) on the water edge were preserved to check soil erosion and also to create a natural barrier against the strong winds.


PRESENT CONDITION


PRESENT CONDITION


PRESENT CONDITION


PRESENT CONDITION


PRESENT CONDITION


Resilient Rural House and Homestead at Flood and Land Erosion Affected Regions Location: Northern Bangladesh 2016

NORTHERN REGION


CHAR (RIVER SHOAL) LANDSCAPE


CHAR (RIVER SHOAL) LANDSCAPE


CHAR (RIVER SHOAL) PRESENTS ECOLOGY UNIQUE TO ITS OWN KIND


LOW-LYING INLANDS ARE OFTEN VULNERABLE AGAINST OCCURRING FLOODS


AFFECTED HOUSEHOLDS DURING FLOOD TIMES (SOURCE: COLLECTED FROM INTERNET)


COMMUNITY FEEDBACK IN A NUTSHELL • PROPOSED HOUSES SHOULD BE SAFE FROM FLOOD WATER. • PROVISION OF APPROPRIATE TOILET SYSTEMS DURING FLOODED CONDITION. • PROVISIONS FOR SUPPLY OF FRESH WATER. • SAFETY OF LIVESTOCK FROM FLOOD WATER. • ECONOMICAL DESIGN SOLUTIONS RESPECTING LOCAL CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES. • MOBILITY IN TERMS OF SALVAGEABILITY AND EASE OF TRANSPORT OF BUILDING COMPONENTS.


PLAN OPTION A

PLAN OPTION B

HOUSE PLAN OPTIONS SHOWING CONSIDERATION FOR TRADITIONAL SPATIAL LAYOUT AND MASUREMENT UNITS


HOUSE OPTION 01 : STILT HOUSE

FEATURES: •DERIVED FOR LOWEST INCOME GROUP AND LANDLESS FLOATING PORTION OF INHABITANTS

ROOF OF CATTLE HOUSE ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND

PORTABLE ROOFING SYSTEM PORTABLE LIGHT-WEIGHT WALL PANELS KITCHEN FOR REGULAR DAYS

CATTLE HOUSE FOR REGULAR DAYS

SHALLOW HOUSE PLINTH

SPACE FOR TEMPORARY DRUM-BASED TOILET ARRANGEMENT

VACANT SPACE FLEXIBLE FOR ACCOMMODATING OTHER NECESSARY REGULAR DAY FUNCTIONS

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING AND LAND EROSION

•COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS •ANY TYPE OF REINFORCED LIGHT-WEIGHT HOUSE FORM IS POSSIBLE (TRADITIONAL OR PROPOSED)


PORTABLE PLATFORM MODULE

HOUSE OPTION 01 : STILT HOUSE

EXPLODED VIEW

EXPLODED VIEW SHOWING ANCHORAGE

SECURED TO RCC STUMP ANCHOR

HOUSE INSTALLATION PROCESS


HOUSE OPTION 01 : STILT HOUSE

THE ENTIRE FORM COULD BE EXPANDED LENGTH-WISE FOLLOWING THE MODULER PLATFORM UNITS TO HOUSE EXPANDED FAMILY STRUCTURE


HOUSE OPTION 02 : STILT HOUSE

ROOF OF CATTLE HOUSE ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND

FEATURES: •DERIVED FOR MID-LOWER OR HIGH-LOWER INCOME GROUP COMPRISED OF FLOATING AND PERMANENT HOUSE-HOLD CONDITIONS PORTABLE ROOFING SYSTEM

PORTABLE LIGHT-WEIGHT WALL PANELS

RCC OR BAMBOO HOUSE POST

RCC GROUND POST KITCHEN FOR REGULAR DAYS

CATTLE HOUSE FOR REGULAR DAYS SHALLOW HOUSE PLINTH

SPACE FOR TEMPORARY DRUM-BASED TOILET ARRANGEMENT

VACANT SPACE FLEXIBLE FOR ACCOMMODATING OTHER NECESSARY REGULAR DAY FUNCTIONS

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING AND LAND EROSION •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS •ANY TYPE OF REINFORCED LIGHT-WEIGHT HOUSE FORM IS POSSIBLE (TRADITIONAL OR PROPOSED)


HOUSE OPTION 02 : STILT HOUSE

THE POST OPTIONS FOR THE OVERHEAD HOUSE STRUCTURE INCLUDE:

HOUSE STRUCTURE INSTALLATION PROCESS

PAIRED PRE-FABRICATED SLENDER RCC POSTS

BAMBOO AND RCC COMBINATION POST (RCC POSTS AS STILTS)


HOUSE OPTION 03 : BUOYANT HOUSE

FEATURES:

PORTABLE ROOFING SYSTEM

CATTLE HOUSE FOR REGULAR DAYS

PORTABLE LIGHT-WEIGHT WALL PANELS

•DERIVED FOR MID-LOWER INCOME GROUP OF FLOATING HOUSE-HOLD CONDITIONS •DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING AND LAND EROSION •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS •ANY TYPE OF REINFORCED LIGHT-WEIGHT HOUSE FORM IS POSSIBLE (TRADITIONAL OR PROPOSED)

RECYCLED / RE-USED PLASTICEXTENDED VERANDHA, ALSO OR METAL DRUMS USED AS BUOYANT ON BAMBOO BUOYANT ELEMENTS BENEATHBUNDLES, ACTS AS THE LIGHT-WEIGHT HOUSE EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND

SPACE FOR TEMPORARY KITCHEN FOR REGULAR DAYS DRUM-BASED TOILET ARRANGEMENT (SEE ‘UTILITIES’ SECTION FOR ALTERNATIVE BUOYANT TOILET OPTION)


HOUSE OPTION 04 : BUOYANT HOUSE CATTLE HOUSE FOR REGULAR DAYS

FEATURES:

PORTABLE ROOFING SYSTEM

•DERIVED FOR LOWEST INCOME GROUP OF FLOATING HOUSEHOLD CONDITIONS

PORTABLE LIGHT-WEIGHT WALL PANELS

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING AND LAND EROSION •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS •ANY TYPE OF REINFORCED LIGHT-WEIGHT HOUSE FORM IS POSSIBLE (TRADITIONAL OR PROPOSED)

RAFTING BAMBOO BUNDLES USED AS BUOYANT ELEMENTS BENEATH THE LIGHT-WEIGHT HOUSE

EXTENDED VERANDHA, ALSO BUOYANT ON BAMBOO BUNDLES, ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND

KITCHEN FOR SPACE FOR TEMPORARY REGULAR DAYS DRUM-BASED TOILET ARRANGEMENT (SEE ‘UTILITIES’ SECTION FOR ALTERNATIVE BUOYANT TOILET OPTION)


HOUSE OPTION 05 : RAISED PLINTH HOUSE

FEATURES:

•DERIVED FOR HIGH-LOWER INCOME GROUP OF PERMANENT HOUSE-HOLD CONDITIONS PORTABLE ROOFING SYSTEM

PORTABLE LIGHT-WEIGHT WALL PANELS

RAISED HOUSE PLINTH (SLOPED) ABOVE HIGHEST FLOOD LEVEL

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS EXCEPT THE PLINTH •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS •ANY TYPE OF REINFORCED HOUSE FORM IS POSSIBLE (TRADITIONAL OR PROPOSED)

NOTE: SEE ‘UTILITIES’ SECTION FOR RAISED MOUND WATER SUPPLY AND TOILET FACILITIES FOR PERMANENT HOUSEHOLD AND STABLE GEOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS

EXTENDED PLINTH AREA ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND


HOUSE OPTION 06 : RAISED PLINTH HOUSE

FEATURES:

•DERIVED FOR HIGH-LOWER INCOME GROUP OF PERMANENT HOUSE-HOLD CONDITIONS PORTABLE ROOFING SYSTEM

PORTABLE LIGHT-WEIGHT WALL PANELS

RAISED HOUSE PLINTH (STEPPED) ABOVE HIGHEST FLOOD LEVEL

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS EXCEPT THE PLINTH •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS •ANY TYPE OF REINFORCED HOUSE FORM IS POSSIBLE (TRADITIONAL OR PROPOSED)

NOTE: SEE ‘UTILITIES’ SECTION FOR RAISED MOUND WATER SUPPLY AND TOILET FACILITIES FOR PERMANENT HOUSEHOLD AND STABLE GEOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS

EXTENDED PLINTH AREA ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND


HOMESTEAD PROTECTION: ENTIRE HOMESTEAD RAISED ON MOUND


HOMESTEAD MOUND / PLINTH REINFORCED WITH MULTIPLE PLANTS LIKE VETIVER GRASS, RIPARIAN PLANT SPECIES ETC.


HOMESTEAD MOUND / PLINTH REINFORCED WITH EARTH/SAND FILLED SYNTHETIC BAGS


UTILITIES THREE MAJOR UTILITIES TO BE ADDRESSED DURING FLOOD TIME • POTABLE WATER • SANITATION / TOILET • LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT • EMERGENCY COOKING FACILITIES


POTABLE WATER OPTIONS FOR FLOODED CONDITON

FEATURES:

•DERIVED FOR PERMANENT HOUSE-HOLD CONDITIONS •DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING

METHOD: SUCTION HAND PUMP PLACED ON RAISED MOUND.

•MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS WHERE PLINTH IS REINFORCED ECONOMICALLY TO AVOID DAILY WEARS AND TEARS AND SCOURING FROM FLOODING •THE MOUND BEING ADJUSTED TO STAND ABOVE THE HIGHEST FLOOD LEVEL BUT YET TO CORRESPOND WITH EXISTING WATER TABLE.

RAISED MOUND WITH SLOPES ABOVE HIGHEST FLOOD LEVEL

CIRCULAR STEPPED MOUND FOR EASE OF ACCESS AND USABILITY


POTABLE WATER OPTIONS FOR FLOODED CONDITON METHOD: MONSOON RAIN WATER HARVESTING DEPLOYINGPLASTIC SHEETS AND WATER CONTAINERS.

NOTE : THE FLOODING OCCURS MAINLY AT MONSOON SEASONS WHEN THERE ARE ALSO PLENTY OF RAINING AT THE SAME TIME; THIS PREVAILING CONDITION COULD BE CAPITALIZED UPON FOR PROVIDING SAFE POTABLE WATER FOR WATERLOCK COMMUNITIES IF MANAGED EFFICIENTLY.

PLASTIC SHEET

WATER CONTAINER

ROOF OF CATTLE HOUSE ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM AND RAIN WATER HARVESTING GROUND (SEE HOUSE OPTION 1 & 2 )

PLASTIC SHEET

WATER CONTAINER

RAIN WATER HARVESTING METHOD AT BANDARBAN, BANGLADESH USING PLASTIC SHEETS AND WATER CONTAINERS


TOILET OPTIONS FOR FLOODED CONDITON

FEATURES:

•DERIVED FOR PERMANENT HOUSE-HOLD CONDITIONS

METHOD: PIT TOILET PLACED ON RAISED MOUND.

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING •MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS WHERE PLINTH IS REINFORCED ECONOMICALLY TO AVOID DAILY WEARS AND TEARS AND SCOURING FROM FLOODING •THE MOUND BEING ADJUSTED TO STAND ABOVE THE HIGHEST FLOOD LEVEL AND TO BE CAREFULLY PLACED AWAY FROM GROUND WATER HARVESTING POINTS TO AVOID CONTAMINATION.

TOILET MODULE PLACED ON RAISED MOUND WITH SLOPES ABOVE HIGHEST FLOOD LEVEL

MATERIAL OPTIONS FOR TOILET FENCING


TOILET OPTIONS FOR FLOODED CONDITON

FEATURES: •DERIVED FOR LOWEST INCOME GROUP AND LANDLESS FLOATING PORTION OF INHABITANTS

METHOD: COMMUNITY MAINTAINED ARBORLOO TOILET.

•DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING AND LAND EROSION e.g. CHAR / RIVER SHOEL OR LOW LYING RIVER BANK ETC. •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS

PIT FILLING UP

NEW TOILET WITH SUPPORTING RING BEAM AND TOILET SLAB

PIT SEALED WITH SOIL

•GROUND DUG PIT IS USED INSTEAD OF CONSTRUCTED PIT SYSTEMS TO ALLOW LOCAL COMMUNITY MOVE THE ENTIRE SUPER -STRUCTURE WHEN THE PIT IS FULL ONLY TO GIVE WAY THE PLANTATION WORK FOLLOWED AFTER THE COMPOSTING PROSESS.

•NEW PITS ARE DUG FOR EVERY SHIFT OF TOILET STRUCTURE.

TREE PLANTED ON USED PIT

Source: Peter Morgan, Toilets that make compost: Low-cost, sanitary toilets that produce valuable compost for crops in an African context, EcoSanRes, Stockholm Environment Institute, 2007


TOILET OPTIONS FOR FLOODED CONDITON METHOD: PORTABLE TOILET SUPER-STRUCTURE MOUNTED ON FLOATING DRUM ASSEMBLAGE DURING FLOODED CONDITIONS

FEATURES:

•DERIVED FOR LOWEST INCOME GROUP AND LANDLESS FLOATING PORTION OF INHABITANTS AND MADE BUOYANT ONLY DURING FLOODED CONDITIONS. •DERIVED FOR GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS PRONE TO HEAVY FLOODING AND LAND EROSION. •COMPOSED OF TRANSPORTABLE MODULAR BUILDING COMPONENTS MADE OF AVAILABLE BUILDING MATERIALS

01. TOILET STRUCTURE IN PLACE

•AFTER THE COLLECTION DRUM IS FILLED WITH FECAL MATTERS, IT IS TO BE SAFELY TRANSPORTED ALL THE WAY TO A MANAGED DUMPING OR COMPOSTING GROUNDS.

04. PLACED ON BUOYANT DRUM ASSEMBLAGE

Image Source: Buoyant toilet proposed by Mohammad Talut

02. TOILET STRUCTURE REMOVED

03. PLACED ON BUOYANT DRUM ASSEMBLAGE

Assistant Secretary Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Employees. Bishombhor Upozilla, Fatehpur Union


LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT : FOR STILT HOUSE OPTION 1 & 2

METHOD: ROOF OF REGULAR DAY GROUND FLOOR CATTLE-HOUSE ACTS AS EMERGENCY CATTLE SHELTER PLATFORM, PLASTIC SHEETS USED FOR RAINWATER HARVESTING CAN ALSO BE UTILIZED FOR PROTECTING THE ANIMALS FROM NATURAL ELEMENTS LIKE RAIN OR SUN ETC.


LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT : FOR BUOYANT HOUSE OPTION 3 & 4

METHOD: LIVESTOCK BEING SHELTERED AT FRONT VERANDAH FOR BUOYANT HOUSE OPTIONS; ADDITIONAL BAMBOO RAFTS ARE ATTACHED FOR INCREASING THE CATTLE REFUGE GROUND AREA IF NECESSARY.


EMERGENCY COOKING FACILITIES

METHOD: ADDITIONAL VERANDAH SPACE PROVIDES GROUND FOR OUTDOOR COOKING WHICH IS ALREADY A PREVAILING PRACTICE IN THE LOCALITY, ADDITIONAL PLASTIC SHEETS COULD BE USED FOR ROOFING AND FENCING THIS TEMPORARY ARRANGEMENT.


Alternative Structural System for Forest Product-based Ethnic Houses Location: Chittagong Hill Tracts

CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS


RICH MIXED-EVERGREEN FORESTS ARE PART OF INDO-BURMA BIODIVERSITY HOT-SPOT


RICH MIXED-EVERGREEN FORESTS ARE PART OF INDO-BURMA BIODIVERSITY HOT-SPOT


RICH MIXED-EVERGREEN FORESTS ARE PART OF INDO-BURMA BIODIVERSITY HOT-SPOT


THE EXISTENCE OF HILL FORESTS ARE THE KEY FACTORS FOR CONTINUING SUSTENANCE OF HILL RIVERS AND STREAMS


RICH BIODIVERSITY OF THE REGION DEPENDS ON INTACT FOREST COVERS FOR SURVIVAL


INDISCRIMINATE DEFORESTATION CAUSED IN SEVERE LOSS OF BIO-DIVERSITY AND ECO-SYSTEM SERVICES


FORESTS BEING GRADUALLY REPLACED TO BARREN GROUNDS FOR UNSUSTAINABLE RESOURCE HARVEST AND LIVELIHOOD PRACTICES


LANDSLIDE OCCURS MORE FREQUENTLY WITH INCREASING DEFORESTATION OF HILL FORESTS


ETHNIC ‘MURONG’ SETTELMENT


ETHNIC ‘MURONG’ HOUSE


ETHNIC ‘BAWM’ HOUSE


INTERIOR OF ETHNIC ‘MURONG’ HOUSE WITH FOREST TIMBER LOGS USED AS STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS


NON-TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS PRESENT PROMISING AND SUSTAINABLE STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS FOR INNOVATION


LOW COST AND INNOVATIVE YET APPROPRIATE STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND BUILDING TECHNOLOGY MIGHT REDUCE DEPENDENCY UPON LIMITED NATURAL RESOURCES


LOW COST AND INNOVATIVE YET APPROPRIATE STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS AND BUILDING TECHNOLOGY MIGHT REDUCE DEPENDENCY UPON LIMITED NATURAL RESOURCES


THE FOREST WOOD BASED STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS CAN BE REPLACED WITH ALTERNATIVES LIKE FERRO-CEMENT AND MILD STEEL COMPONENTS RESPECTING TRADITIONAL HOUSE FORMS


THE FOREST WOOD BASED STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS CAN BE REPLACED WITH ALTERNATIVES LIKE FERRO-CEMENT AND MILD STEEL COMPONENTS RESPECTING TRADITIONAL HOUSE FORMS


Community Infrastructure Division


Adaptive Livelihood & Utilitarian Installations at Fresh Waterlogged Community Location: Upazilla-Tala, Satkhira, Bangladesh 2015

TALA


HOMESTEAD AFFECTED WITH LONG TERM FRESH WATER-LOGGING


INTERVENTION SCHEME FOR A HOMESTEAD POND OFFERING ADAPTIVE LIVELIHOOD OPTIONS


INSTALLATION ACTIVITIES OF ADAPTIVE LIVELIHOOD OPTIONS FOR A HOMESTEAD POND


INSTALLATION ACTIVITIES OF ADAPTIVE LIVELIHOOD OPTIONS FOR A HOMESTEAD POND


INSTALLATION ACTIVITIES OF ADAPTIVE LIVELIHOOD OPTIONS FOR A HOMESTEAD POND


INSTALLATION ACTIVITIES OF ADAPTIVE LIVELIHOOD OPTIONS FOR A HOMESTEAD POND


INFRASTRUCTURAL INSTALLATION


INFRASTRUCTURAL INSTALLATION


Community Indigo Center for Forest-Dependent Ethnic Murong Community Location: Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh 2017

CHITTAGONG HILL TRACTS


NATURAL PRIMARY FOREST AT NEAR PERIPHERY


COMMUNITY INDIGO CENTER SECTION


COMMUNITY INDIGO CENTER PLAN


CONSTRUCTION PHASES


CONSTRUCTION PHASE


COMMUNITY INDIGO CENTER


COMMUNITY INDIGO CENTER


COMMUNITY INDIGO CENTER


LOCAL ETHNIC MURONG BUILDERS


Disaster & Emergency Response Division


Emergency Temporary Shelter for Outdoor Classrooms, S.R. School Location: Puthia, Rajshahi, Bangladesh 2014

PUTHIA


Project: Temporary Shelter for Outdoor Classrooms, S.R. School

OPEN AIR AD HOC CLASS SYSTEMS HAD TO ENDURE SCORCHING SUN OF RAJSHAHI REGION AND ALSO THREATS OF NORWESTERLY STORMS DURING EXAM SESSIONS


OPEN AIR AD HOC CLASS SYSTEMS HAD TO ENDURE SCORCHING SUN OF RAJSHAHI REGION AND ALSO THREATS OF NORWESTERLY STORMS DURING EXAM SESSIONS


CONSTRUCTION PHASES OF EMERGENCY CLASSROOM SHELTER


WORKING OUT APPROPRIATE STRUCTURAL SYSTEM ON SITE WITH LOCAL BUILDERS


BAMBOO STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK


EMERGENCY TEMPORARY SHELTER FOR OUTDOOR CLASSROOMS


EMERGENCY TEMPORARY SHELTER FOR OUTDOOR CLASSROOMS


EMERGENCY TEMPORARY SHELTER FOR OUTDOOR CLASSROOMS


Ecological Landscape Division


Landscape Design at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Safari Park Location: Dulahazra, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh 2016


INTERIOR OF SAFARI PARK – DIPTEROCARP FOREST


INTERIOR OF SAFARI PARK – UNDERSTORY FLORAL COMPOSITION


INTERIOR OF SAFARI PARK – WETLAND


INTERIOR OF SAFARI PARK – WETLAND


INTERIOR OF SAFARI PARK – SWAMP FOREST


GHORAMI.JON_habitat talks; shelter nature culture  

The Bangladesh-based organization, GHORAMI.JON, provides consultancy services for developing Sustainable HABITAT, SHELTER, SETTLEMENT and LA...

GHORAMI.JON_habitat talks; shelter nature culture  

The Bangladesh-based organization, GHORAMI.JON, provides consultancy services for developing Sustainable HABITAT, SHELTER, SETTLEMENT and LA...

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