PORTFOLIO GHAZAL REFALIAN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
BIOGRAPHY RESUME EDUCATIONAL MASTER THESIS BACHELOR THESIS DELTA-Z OPEN THESIS FABRICATION KNOCKLAMP WALL-E V.2.0.0.
NEWYORK TOWER VELUX LIGHT 2006 GOLSHAHR PLAZA&MOSQUE ILGULI BRIDGE
IMAM REZA CULTURAL CENTER ALEF CULTURAL CENTER IMAM ALI CULTURAL CENTER TIRAJEH COMMERCIAL CENTER: FACADE DESIGN DENTAL CLINIC ALEF VILLA LAVASAN VILLA NAVVAB DENTAL CLINIC
OTHER ACITIVITIES PATTERNITECTURE PUBLICATION SCULPTURE
STRING BACHELOR THESIS TIRAJEH COMPLEX LAVASAN VILLA
WEAVE DENTAL CLINIC NEW YORK MUSEUM TOWER IMAM ALI COMPLEX
MASTER THESIS VELUX LIGHT 2006 IMAM REZA COMPLEX
IMAM ALI COMPLEX ALEF VILLA
KNOCKLAMP WALL-E V.2.0.0.
Barcelona, Spain +34 644 543 041 +98 912 6390284 email@example.com www.ghazalrefalian.com www.patternitecture.com
Ghazal Refalian is an architect and researcher with a master degree’s in the technology of architecture who started her professional activities in 2005 and had collaborated in various projects with a focus on computational design and design process, digital form ﬁnding and digital fabrication. Since 2013, she has focused on pattern art and the relation between digital fabrication methods and pattern design in art and architecture which led her to found Patternitecture platform, in order to facilitate research, design and fabrication of pattern-based designs in built environments within curating the ﬁrst event (exhibition and lecture series) in Tehran. Ghazal joined Iaac (Institute for advanced architecture of Catalonia) in the same year to participate in open thesis research program due to work on a robotic design fabrication project in Barcelona and now is a PhD student in universitat politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), where explores new fabrication techniques of modular stereotomic structures.
RESUME EDUCATION 2018 since now | PhD student in ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY | Barcelonatech (UPC) Barcelona, Spain 2008-2010 | MASTER DEGREE in TECHNOLOGY OF ARCHITECTURE | Tarbiat Modares University Tehran, Iran 2003-2008 | BACHELOR DEGREE in ARCHITECTURE | Art University of Tehran Tehran, Iran
TEACHING 2006 since now | 3D MODELING AND RENDERING TUTOR 2008- 2010 | ART UNIVERSITY | Graduate student Instructor 2010 | 4TAGH PERSIAN ARCHITECTURE FORUM | “Geometry in architecture” workshop, Lecturer and instructor “Natural proportion in architecture” workshop, Lecturer and instructor
COMPETITIONS 2018 | Golshahr plaza&mosque | National award 2015 | Qazvin Glass official building | National award 2013 | Millennium tower of Tehran | Façade competition |National award 2009 | Benetton awards | International award 2008 | Melli awards, honorable mention | National award 2007 | Newyork immigration museum | International award 2006 | Velux award, light for tomorrow | International award 2006 | IAAC self-sufficient housing | Design competition | International award
EMPLOYMENTS 2018 | TARH KALOUT PARS | CONSULTING ENG. | Tehran, Iran | CAAD expert 2015-2017 | PARASTEH CORP. . | Tehran, Iran | Architect 2009- 2015 | TARH KALOUT PARS | CONSULTING ENG. | Tehran, Iran | Architect 2008 (6 month and further collaborations) | DIBA TENSILE ARCHITECTURE | Tehran, Iran | 3D Modelling and rendering
FREELANCE PROJECTS 2015 | Panasonic retail store interior design 2015 | Je Gallery interior design | CONSTRUCTED 2014 | Niavaran residential building | CONSTRUCTED 2014 | Ajodanieh residential building | CONSTRUCTED 2013 | Kelardasht villa No.1 and No.2 2012 | Pak music interior design 2009 | Soltani residential buiding | CONSTRUCTED 2008 | Mazoochi meson interior design | CONSTRUCTED 2005 | Sa'adat Abad residential building | CONSTRUCTED
PUBLICATION 2006 | Berekley essay award, semi finalist 2008 | Berkeley essay award,
“Nurturing a creature of nature”
“Travel as a little traveler-The little prince”
2011 | Journal of Advanced Computer Science & Technology Research 1 (2) “Architectural Design Process Simulation and Computer-Based Modeling” | M Mahdavinejad, G Refalian 2011 | Journal of Iranian architecture and urbanism, 2 “Parametric design methods in design problem solving” | M Mahdavinejad, G Refalian 2013 | Azad University- Olom o Tahqiqat publication BOOK: “Algorithmic Architecture” | M Mahdavinejad, G Refalian ISBN: 978‐964 ‐10 ‐2591 ‐1
ACTIVITIES 2004-2007 | Editorial director of Mehraz Magazine | 2008-2010 | Founder of 4 TAGH institute | research and educational based 2013 | Founder of BLUEROOM Design Studio | 2014 | INTERSELIGER YOUTH FORUM | Seliger, Russia “Shape the world you dream of”, Participant 2017 | Founder of PATTERNITECTURE PLATFORM | 2017 | CURATOR: PATTERNITECTURE FIRST EVENT | exhibition-lecture series-workshop
SKILLS Auto CAD - 2D and 3D 3D Studio Max - V-ray Rhinoceros - Maxwell - Enscape Grasshoper C# Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Adobe Premier CorelDraw CorelStudio Microsoft office
LANGUAGE Persian (native) English (proficient) Spanish (basic)
To access the full portfolio please visit: https://issuu.com/ghazalrn/docs/portfolio-ghazalrefalian_2017-
Utilization of Parametric Design Method in Architectural Design Process (case study: Islamic Art Museum in Vanak Sq. in Tehran)
MASTER THESIS In this thesis the capabilities of parametric design methods in architectural design process is searched and experienced in design of a cultural center as a case study. Within a TOP-DOWN approach in design method, ﬁrstly data analyzing for determining the building program is tried followed by site conﬁguration and form ﬁnding. For each step of design process a different system is deﬁned which feed the next step. As a result, it is hard and time consuming to deﬁne an explicit system for all part of design. It would be helpful to emphasize a limited complex part of design instead all the process.
Ground oor plan
ALGORITHM SUMMARY THEME pure squared box split with interiors spaces.
INNER VO LUME
Space organization variations
Plan variation adapting with cells geometries
Site Plan variations
MILLENNIUM CENTER of Iran BACHELOR THESIS
Millennium cultural center was an open subject for bachelor thesis of 2008 architecture design studio in Art University of Tehran. Students had to deďŹ ne what would be the essence of millennium center of Iran. Herein this thesis, Millennium is a STORY HOUSE. a place for listening to stories as audio or performances. during history, VISUAL ways of communication is increasing and replacing the verbal one. this is happening despite of the fact that in the history most of cultural meanings and doctrines have been related through MYTHS and ďŹ ctions. In millennium we emphasize on such a nications. STRINGS of myths and always exists; the necessity brings them have been occurred for the form of
way of commumeanings UP. this is what the building.
Basic operator to form the strings
Distribution of formed strings in the site
Structural performance prefabricated concrete slabs, concrete frames, cables
Firft oor plan
ELEVATION-SECTION Section B-B
Delta Z workshop
Organised by: Contemporary Association of Architects, Tehran Conducted by: Rodrigo Aguirre and Edouard Cabay The research sets to challenge the superﬁciality of a geometric system by giving it depth, addressing its structure capacity and to deploy potentials of inhabitation. Rather than a canopy, a pavilion or a building, the experiment is simply an attempt to construct space, remote from any architectural typology; it can be deﬁned as one of the many inhabitable material expressions resulting in the “three-dimensionalization” and parameterisation of a mathematical system of grids.
The tile patterns contain a hidden system: a code â€“ or an algorithm â€“ or even a game of simple geometrical operations of symmetry and rotations, materially absent, yet strongly perceivable in its form because of its effect as an organisational system. The tiles are placed according to these rules, on either side of an imaginary axis, the axis is not physically constructed; it simply dictates an order as a network of hidden lines.
attractor line ro change the form of canopy
Physical model Front view
Physical model Top view
OTF 2017-18 Studio project ON SITE ADOBE 3D PRINTING IN DENSE URBAN CONTEXT BARCELONETA This project aimed to explore whether that is possible to design and construct a multi-storey habitat, out of a sustainable material like adobe, within robotic additive fabrication in a dense urban context. Additive manufacturing in architecture is still in early stages. Although, there are few projects that tried to face this approach, it is still hard to imagine robotic fabrication as a widespread method of building and there are doubts about how far and how large in scale we can go with additive manufacturing in architectural construction.
Facade design based on self-shading The skin follows required shading in the term of required intervals and depth, also vertical and horizental shapes
Opennings and windows design based on cross ventelitation, solar radiation Each oor and each facade has a diďŹ€erent size of windows and still limited to 4 types
Air ow through patio to help cross ventilation in all the levels
Section A-A Patio form follows maximum and minimum values of solar radiation to optimeze form and function of the patio
Robotic fabrication strategies Three robots placed on a crane should work for 6 month to print the building
Wall inner design is consist of three parts: 1. ventolation, 2. insulation, 3.structure the structural part bears wall load forces and also carry wooden beames and oors based on the load forces, frequency of waves change in the wall
Iaac OTF: Pre-studies | 01-ZEER POT Zeer pot is a pot-in-pot refrigerator, is an evaporative cooling refrigeration device which does not use electricity. To design and construct a Zeer Pot relating the geometry and texture of the print to the climatic Performance. This workshop will also be the occasion to learn how to use a Robot for Additive Manufacturing, How to prepare the soil based material, how to deal with the geometrical limitation of 3d Printing as well as engage with performance driven design.
Distribution of bumps on the surface, based on air turbulence eďŹ€ects
EVAPORATIVE COOLING TEST
Iaac OTF: Pre-studies | 02-BIRD HOUSE Passive strategies for climatic conditions
The general objective was to create a habitat for a bird that keeps a cool temperature taking advantage of self-shading and thermal conductivity. In this workshop following topics where engaged: Double layering printing, thermal conductivity, solar incidence and sun-path (the bird houses have an orientation), cavity ďŹ lling
Iaac OTF: Pre-studies | 03-Structural behaviour of adobe printed wall
Walls is the occasion to print thin surfaces and explore the relationship between the geometry and the structural behavior in adobe printing. When addressing structural properties in 3d printing, one should consider two main aspects: the structural integrity during the printing process, that is while the material is wet / uncured, and the one of the printed-dried outcome and the loads it will be subjected to.
Load tests: sample test carried up to 600 kg, which was the maximum amount provided by test machine
Structural behavior simulation
KNOKLAMP is designed to react to knocking sound and switching on and off a lamp. An arduino board and piezo sensor is used in this matter. They are placed in wooden body with a ï¬‚at surface which provide a knocking area. Arduino board is programmed to make LED lamps on with a knock and off with another knock.
WALL-E V 2.0.0. SURFACE-Evaluating tool
Do you remember wall-e? The robot which was programmed to ďŹ nd garbage on earth? Well, our wall-e is programmed to ďŹ nd points on surface. So, this is a surface evaluating tool. It can meter and picture surfaces in Rhino- grasshopper, where can be used for further evaluating. Any point on the surface can be showed by laser pointer of Wall-e. in this matter two servo motor and an ultrasonic distance sensor is used which servo motors provide rotation of the robot arms and distance sensor help to generate the surface with its actual sizes on the interface. as an experiment an image sampled picture of EVE was tested to be dotted.
NEWYORK TOWER ARQUITECTUM AWARDS
The challenge of this competition was the installation of a new monument to celebrate the cosmopolitan, urban and global character of NewYork City. To this end, this project (a 100 meter high tower) housed a museum which will display the personal effects, souvenirs and photos belonging to a new generation of immigrants who –from 1960 onwards– arrived in the city in search of the “American Dream”. Due to this, design demonstrates IMMIGRANTS as STRINGS which separate from their texture and assort in a different way, providing a new motley texture. the result is a rufﬂed texture which is shaped the outer skin of the tower. At ﬁrst , a huge staircase leads the visitors to a lobby and later an underwater garden. To identify immigrants ' old customs and cultural speciﬁcations , visitors get the chance to watch wall-galleries through several stops of a huge elevator during a vertical transfer upward. The destination space includes balconies, coffee shop and galleries. Visual dominance to Manhattan, the dreamland of immigrants through transparent walls.
NEW FORMED TEXTURE
VELUX LIGHT LIGHT OF TOMORROW
The matter of time could form one of the most important parts of architecture and turn into one of its non-separable components. Modern physics has become a place for accessing the latest knowledge and human wisdom and in some ways our times philosophy and viewpoints. At this point these phrases loose their common meanings and position. We come to this conclusion that what is important is not just â€œthe light of tomorrowâ€? but also the light that we have TODAY, have had in the PAST and will have in the FUTURE. In our design the passing crowd will be divided into two groups. Those who experience light and shadow by actually passing through the path and those who view others walk through the path. The path is designed with latticed parapets . They're designed in a way to make different kinds of lightning throughout the day, month and year. By this way people will be encouraged to walk through the path at different times and experience different angles of space. A space with the quality of past, present and future.
Radiation direction distributed in site to form a pathway
Angle of sunray throughout the year
IMAM REZA COMPLEX Religious and cultural center
Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran
The location of the Emam Reza religious and cultural complex in the cultural zone of Tehran (the capital of Iran) oriented the project towards creating an urban space for social interaction and participation of different generations and social groups. The main idea of correlation and interrelationship between different social groups and encouraging the presence of the new generation in the complex, is reﬂected in the ﬁnal form of the Shabestan which was shaped by the idea of interlocking hands as a symbol of unity and social cohesion. The main form of the Shabestan, with the grandeur of a religious space, provides the opportunity of a unique experience to fulﬁll the immemorial ambition to connect with the Creator and feel the symbolic form of the dome. This immediate and elucidate connection is also formed by a sunken courtyard as one of the characteristics of Persian architecture, which allows the users to get away from the exterior crowd and perceive the building in a tranquil space.
ALEF CULTURAL CENTER Religious and cultural center
Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran Alef complex is a multi-functional complex in a residential zone of Ttehran. It serves within two main facilities: 1. Cultural center with a bookshop, cafe and amphitheatre, holding various cultural events and activities. 2. Pray hall for religious ceremonies. The volume is consist of two basic cude. The initial idea is that the volumetric composition and its material depict the activities and functions inside; The inner cube which is prayer hall, has been rotated due to the Meccaâ€™s location and has a more introvert space with almost no opennings. The cultural part which is the outer cube, is a cluster for the rotated cube and is more transparent to be able to have a dialogue with street commuters. The pattern of the brick for the pray hall is derived from the brick ended plugs of the ancient architecture in Iran. During Seljuk period most the monuments designed with this ornoment style, including mosques and other religious buildings.
Prayer hall (Shabestan) is projected out of facade ,emphasizeing to the inside happenings
Prayer hall (Shabestan) is rotated toward Qibla
Ground oor plan
Basement oor plan
â€˜Mohriâ€™ bricks graphical design, indicating holy names
IMAM ALI MOSQUE Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran The site of this project is located in a recent under construction zone of the city and from the north is along a highway which provides a view of the building for commuters. Also, the south facade is along another main street which is the primary access to the complex. The southern facade is trimmed on this side to open an entrance corridor which connects outside to inside. The tall tilted walls of corridor provide an indirect view toward the inner yard. In Shabestan (pray hall), as a signiďŹ cant space in the mosque, the dome is settled on the ground, serves as walls and ceilings (instead of only ceilings). It tends to project concept of perfection, eternity and heaven which are tangible by people inside, rather than to be far from access in the top of the walls. The pattern which is applied to surfaces comes from a grid based on convergent lines placed on some main circle. The cells which are achieved within this grid are not completely the old style ones, but at the same time reminds the geometries of ornaments on domes.
Two main void
Outside and Inside connection
Instant access through the central yard Indirect access through the hall
Entrance corridor A narrow corridor, surrounded by tall walls, block direct view to main yard and provide privacy
Under ground dome Main hall for praying is considered as a dome based under the ground, providing an immediate access to this symbolic form in Islamic architecture and visualize a close connection between creator (symbolyzed by dome) and creatures.
Main yard Shabestan (Prayersâ€™ hall)
Patternâ€™s grid of facade
TIRAJEH COMPLEX Facade design Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran
Tirajeh building is located in west part of the city, which is going to an unstoppbale transformation turning to a more live neighborhood by establishing commercial centres. Main concept of this project was emphasizing to entrance of building and the quality of â€œhospitalityâ€?.
Project’s location and distribution of similar complex nearby
Design process facade envelope is trimmed to make the entrance openning, emphasizing to ‘inviting’ characteristics of the complex
DENTAL CLINIC Interior design Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran
In this project two adjacent ďŹ‚at were combined and remodeled. The main long wall in each ďŹ‚at has to act as a pathway to visit room. So it was decided to emphasize on it. A double curved surface was considered to be constructed with contour method. Grasshopper plug-in in Rhinoceros used in order to produce a variety in alternatives of surface and fabrication patterns for CNC machining.
ALEF VILLA Reconstruction project
Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran
This project aimed to bring a modern design to an old contemporary style villa, and also update fascilities, particularly the structure. Design team efforts focused on connecting modern and traditional aspects of life style of the habitats. emphasizing on opennings, materials with warm color and texture for facade and white plain surfaces of interiors is part of this approach.
Ground oor plan
Second oor plan
forth oor plan
LAVASSAN VILLA Facade and interior design
Collaboration with Parasteh consulting engineers Tehran, Iran
As the client decided to vest his project to us for facade and interior design, we began with some improvements in plan and openings orders. Due to the limitation of the budget, it was decided to use wash-beton and local stones to clad the facade. the long height of the building and narrow paths around it, led us to some horizontal strings which cover the facade and in confrontations with the openings, the strings bend and side step to let light pass in. Same concept followed for interior design.
Strings follow path though the building; opennings make eld of forces to form strings.
GOLSHAHR COMPETITION MOSQUE AND PLAZA
Collaboration with Tarh Kalout Pars consulting engineers Tehran, Iran To design Golshahr plaza, design team studied master plan to extract available grids and networks. Green network, public space connections and access paths to the site are three items, which projected on site plan and portrayed a geometrical grid. This grid developed to conďŹ gure physical program. As a logic, same topological grid is used in three different scale to shape the design. Master plan scale, site plan scale and building scale. On the building footprint, the grid achieved the densest state of itself. Then extruded and require spaces subtracted. The extruded grid simultaneously provided form, structure and decoration of the building; a modern interpretation of Rasmibandi, the traditional motif in Persian architecture.
WATER PLATFORM LIGHT PLATFORM +6.30
AMPHI THEATRE SHOP
PARKING CULTURAL CENTER
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
SECOND FLOOR PLAN
SCULPTURES Habitat Collection
ToHappen Bronze 15*45*25
ToBecome Bronze 10*10*22
Minimal surface study models
PATTERN-ITECTURE EVENT #1 www.patternitecture.com Pattern in contemporary built environment of Iran 25 August - 1 September 2017 Patternitecture is an independent platform promoting capabilities of pattern design and its effects on conﬁguration of built environments. Patternitecture is an effort to unwind the multifold meaning of pattern within various disciplines and aims to gather different approaches to the realm that can open up numerous possible answers in art and architecture. The ﬁrst event of Patternitecture was held Aug. 25 to Sep. 1 in Niavaran cultural center, Tehran, Iran. Twenty-eight designers presented their ideas about “patterns in contemporary art and architecture of Iran” within art works, installations and performances. Participants joined in by an open call (public section-works selected by a jury) and private invitations (guest section-invited by the event’s board). Beside the exhibition, three live performance, four lectures and one workshop planned to provide an interactive relation between designers and the audiences.
PUBLICATION BOOK: Algorithmic Architecture 2013 | Azad University- Olom o Tahqiqat publication M Mahdavinejad, G Refalian ISBN: 978‐964 ‐10 ‐2591 ‐1