Page 1

February 2016


In this issue:

EXPORT PORT AND STORAGE FACILITIES • Millers essential to public health success story • Christy Turner - 175 years of sound British engineering • New NIR sytems


Event review & preview

Volume 127

Issue 2

The Chief Advantage...

One-stop solutions with unmatched personal service


Material Handling Catwalk Systems

Bulk Storage

Storage Bins You can trust Chief to offer reliable and innovative grain storage, aeration and material handling equipment for your total grain management needs. • The One and Only Chief 1.1 — The Giant of Grain Storage • • • • • •

with a peak capacity of over one million bushels! Largest 105' diameter grain bin – up to 801,086 bushel (20,348 MT) capacity Largest 92' diameter grain bin – up to 658,110 bushel (16,716 MT) capacity Caldwell centrifugal and axial fans Bucket elevators, conveyors and accessories Lemanco bulk storage Storage bins to fit your exact needs

Agri/Industrial Division of Chief Industries, Inc.

P.O. BOX 848 • KEARNEY, NE 68848 USA (308) 237-3186 • 1-800-359-7600

We Engineer Relationships


Black Sea, Russia

OVER 50 YEARS OF ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS™ Sukup Manufacturing Co. continues to Engineer Solutions® to meet the challenges of the grain industry. As the world’s fastest-growing bin company we offer commercial bins with clear span roofs and holding capacities up to 1.5 million bushels. We also have a complete line of drying, storage, and material handling products, as well as steel buildings - all engineered to revolutionize grain processing and storage, making it easier, more efficient, and more profitable.

Sukup Manufacturing Co. Sheffield, Iowa USA 50475 641-892-4222

DanCorn A/S Hedensted, Denmark Tel: +45 75 68 53 11

Pneumatic or Mechanical Ship Loaders & Unloaders Port Equipment - Turnkey Projects

es of gra p y t



NIV: up to 800 tons/hour Average efficiency 75%-80%

A win-win solution between customer expertise and VigAn know-how VIGAN Engineering s.a. Rue de l’Industrie, 16 • 1400 Nivelles (Belgium) Tél.: +32 67 89 50 41 • Fax : +32 67 89 50 60 • •


COVER IMAGE: Newcopan mill, located in the quaint Tuscan town of Ortimino; just south east of Empoli near Florence, is a new mill using new equipment to produce traditional flour.

FEBRUARY 2016 Perendale Publishers Ltd 7 St George’s Terrace St James’ Square, Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1242 267700 Publisher Roger Gilbert International Marketing Team Darren Parris Tel: +44 1242 267707 Tom Blacker Tel: +44 1242 267700 Mark Cornwell Tel: +1 913 6422992 Latin America Marketing Team Iván Marquetti Tel: +54 2352 427376 India Marketing Team Ritu Kala Tel: +91 93 15 883669 Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 805 7781077


Editorial Team Eloise Hillier-Richardson

In January of this year, Tom Blacker from the Milling and GRain team was fortunate enough be the guests of world-renowned manufacturers Omas

Peter Parker Malachi Stone Andrew Wilkinson



International Editors Professor Dr M Hikmet Boyacıog ˘ lu


Roberto Luis Bernardi


Professor Wenbin Wu

42 Millers essential to public health success story

Design Manager James Taylor Circulation & Events Manager Tuti Tan Australia Correspondent Roy Palmer Tel: +61 419 528733 ©Copyright 2016 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service

Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015

6 8-34

46 175 years of sound British engineering





58 FEED STATS - More robust and accurate global figures for feed output in 2015

54 NIR analyzers


104 People news from the global milling industry


82 Event listings, reviews and previews


62 Export port and storage facilities

66 Cargill invests in the first ever bulk storage of Corn in India


39 IAOM’s Fundamentals of Milling


10 Mildred Cookson 20 Tom Blacker 22 Christophe Pelletier 26 Chris Jackson 32 Johan den Hartog

2 GUEST EDITOR Roger Gilbert

76 MARKETS John Buckley

102 INTERVIEW Aidan Connolly



To fortify or not to fortify?

To mark our 125th anniversary in a meaningful way, I’m pleased to announce that Milling and Grain has extended it’s reach globally by adding a regular schedule of additional languages to its publishing plans for 2016 and beyond. Last year we took the magazine monthly, and thanks to the support of advertisers we are able to continue on a monthly basis in 2016 with increased pages of upward of 100 per edition. Throughout 2015 we gained sufficient experience in translating our title on an ad-hoc basis that we can now offer a regular bi-monthly schedule: translating every second edition in four languages including Spanish, Turkish, Arabic and now Chinese. As a result we are extremely pleased to be able to announce the appointment of two additional international editors to join Professor Dr Hikmet Boyacioglu who manages our Turkish edition, and oversee our Spanish and Chinese editions. Roberto Bernardi of Argentina who started work in a technical school before developing a long-standing reputation in the milling industry working in both Latin America and Spain and who from February takes up the editorship of our Spanish edition. Our Chinese edition, which saw its first translation in January this year, will be managed by Professor Dr Wenbin Wu who lectures on grain processing machinery at Henan University of Technology in Zhengzhou, China. All three international editors have their details on our masthead and you are welcome to contact them with your news and views. We will be

publishing their contributions – in the form of an editorial plus one or two news items – every second month in each of the translated editions. The translated editions in 2016 will be January, March, May, July, September and November. We welcome both new editors and thank all three on behalf of our existing and new readers for the effort they are putting in to bring about this opportunity to exchange knowledge and information between cultures through the pages of Milling and Grain. While welcoming our international editors, I cannot overlook the additional staff who have also joined our editorial team this year - read more overleaf!

To fortify or not to fortify?

This edition is packed with interesting news items along with a range of features to satisfy all tastes. What takes my eye is the feature on flour fortification which identifies failings occurring in existing programs and whereby adopting good management practices will readily overcome. We hear that Scotland is also backing flour fortification for its people and that England has been reviewing its position also. To us, the providers of staple milled foodstuffs to the world’s population, we must remain focused on ensuring our products provide the most nutritional benefits they can and if fortification is necessary to alleviate sickness or disease, then we should consider fortification whether we are in a developed or developing country. Only through sound nutrition can our children achieve their genetic potential while avoiding some severe but avoidable health problems in early life. Roger Gilbert Publisher

Meet the Milling and Grain team The team are travelling across the globe to industry events.

Abu Dhabi FEBRUARY 15, 2016

Capital Suites 9 - Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Company (ADNEC)

Annual Subscription Rates Inside UK: UK£100 Outside: US$150/€133

ISSN No: 2058-5101

More Information A conference Focusing on food, flour & rice milling and storage For more information please visit: Supported by

As part of VIV MEA 2016

Orgainised by



Editorial team

In 2016 Milling and Grain will be going through a big change in terms of the editorial team and languages

Meet the new members of the Milling and Grain Editorial team Managing Editor - Eloise Hillier-Richardson

We are pleased to welcome Eloise Hillier-Richardson into the fold as the new Managing Editor of Milling and Grain magazine. Eloise joins us with a Bachelors degree in English Literature from Queen Mary, University of London and a Masters degree in Comparative Literature from University College London. “I am very excited to embark upon my role here at Milling and Grain magazine, and continue in our efforts to take the publication from strength to strength. I am looking forward to getting to know more about the industry as well as the people within it. I hope to ultimately help convey the importance of the industry within Eloise Hillier-Richardson our society, and continue to be at the vanguard of innovative developments, bringing our readers the latest advancements in the industry from around the globe.”

Asia-Pacific Representative - Peter Parker

Peter Parker joins our team from New Zealand after doing a threemonth residential internship in the UK at the end of 2015. Peter has a Bachelor Degree in Social Sciences from Waikato University, graduating in 2014. He has worked as a behavioural therapist in New Zealand primary schools. He joins us as our Asia-Pacific Representative for both Milling and Grain magazine and our sister publication International Aquafeed, and will provide us with both an editorial input and a sales role with regard to our developing Fish Farming Technology section within International Aquafeed. Peter Parker During his training he displayed a keen interest in aquaculture and fish feeding and represented International Aquafeed on field and industry events including Europe’s AquaNor in Norway and the European Aquaculture Society’s event in Rotterdam.  

Editorial Journalist - Andrew Wilkinson

Andrew Wilkinson

Another recent addition to our ever- expanding editorial team is Andrew Wilkinson. Andrew joins us with a wealth of journalistic experience, having previously worked for a number of prestigious establishments including the BBC. Andrew graduated from the University of Gloucestershire and with a BA in Journalism in 2014, having previously been employed in the food service industry at management level. Andrew’s journalistic experience as well as his in depth knowledge of the food industry, makes him a key addition to the team. Andrew is relishing the opportunity to working in such a vastly expanding industry and is looking forward to working with each and every one of you.

Circulations manager - Antoine Tanguy

Antoine Tanguy of France has a bachelor degree in international trade and intercultural communications and joins Perendale Publishers Limited as its circulations manager. He is tasked with ensuring our magazines reach the right readers every time. “I am pleased and excited to join the Perendale Publishers team. After my internship there in 2013, I continued my studies and I am glad to be back in this innovative company. I am looking forward to getting to know more about this important industry as well as our readers. Hopefully, my work will improve our magazines’ circulation around the world. The satisfaction Antoine Tanguy of MAG and IAF’s readers is indeed my main goal and motivation.” Antoine graduated in international trade and communication in November 2015. His studies covered a wide range of skills and he did several internships abroad, in different sectors and activities. For example, he worked as a French Market Product Specialist for Boca do Lobo, Porto Area, Portugal for four months until the end of November 2014. And as a parttime Logistics Manager for Ziegler France Group in Bordeaux in December 2013.

... the International editiors team Spanish-edition Editor - Roberto Luis Bernardi

"When I was 20 years old I started working as a professor of the Technical School, placed in Tres Arroyos, Buenos Aires Province, teaching mathematics and technical subjects, but a year later I got involved into the exciting milling industry probably by chance. My first works within this exciting industry were, like any beginner, reception, control and delivery of materials for new facilities under construction at Molinos Rio de la Plata, in the town of Tres Arroyos. A year later I began to organize the preventive maintenance of the entire plant, which was recently expanded. After three years in that role, I went more deeper into the Milling Industry itself, Roberto Luis Bernardi as I was appointed as a Duty Manager, performing theoretical / practical courses, and once again linked to teaching, profession that I love so much. Years later, I went to work in the Plant Dique III of Buenos Aires, in the role of Miller Shift in the Candeal Mill and later in Flour Mill. By the year 1974, taking into account my dedication and passion for the industry, Molino Argentino hired me as Chief Miller, position where I stayed until 1985. From this year until 1987, I worked as Production Manager of Minetti’s Mill, in Buenos Aires City , the year the mill closed its doors. I spent the tree following years in Cordoba’s Province, working as Production Manager at Molino Boero Romano San Francisco. In 1990 I returned to my hometown, Chacabuco, located in Provincia Buenos Aires, at 250 km from Buenos Aires City, with the aim of working in the growing mill ‘Molino Chacabuco’ as a Production manager, position I held until 2009, when I decided to retired at the age of 65. Today, with more time for any other activities, I`ve been advising and involved in the commissioning of Flour Mills in the region. Now with a great pleasure, joy and commitment, I bring my knowledge to this legendary and excellent magazine, which is focused on Milling, Grains, Handling, Ports, Feed for some species, Management, Equipments, among others, with the aim of providing an insight of the milling Industry of the Latin American region and its roots". - Roberto Luis Bernardi

Chinese-edition Editor - Professor Wenbin Wu

Professor Wenbin Wu, Phd, has a long career in teaching and science research about grain processing machinery in Henan University of Technology in Zhengzhou. He graduated from the Dalian University of Technology, NTNU visiting scholar, Deputy Secretary General of China’s Grain Committee for Standardization Group of Machine and Instrument, Director of the Grain and Oil Machinery Research Institute of Henan University of Technology. His research interests are focused on modern design and manufacturing technology of grain processing machinery. His research results have been published in more than 106 articles, he has published three books, for example Professor Wenbin Wu ‘Theory and Application of Grain Processing Machinery.” He has authorized eight patents in grain machinery, completed six key projects, directed and completed 12 national standards, such as those controlling roll, corrugation and coating machinery and technology and has completed two projects with private enterprises based on science and technology.

Turkish-edition Editor - Professor Dr M Hikmet Boyacıoğlu

"I’d like to extend my welcome from Turkey to my new fellow International Editors for Spanish and Chinese editions of Milling and Grain. This year, for the first time in my life, I welcomed the New Year in in a farmhouse belonging to my daughter-in-law’s family in Western Kansas, USA – where Kansas means “Oil, Cattle and Wheat”. On New Year’s Day, we visited a friend of mine who is a wheat farmer as well as a former Chairman of the Kansas Wheat Commission and of US Wheat Associates. We talked about wheat prices and wheat research at Kansas State University and the Kansas Wheat Innovation Centre. We all agree, the future for us as stakeholders in the cereal industry farmers, traders, millers, bakers, scientists and equipment manufacturers - depends Professor Dr M Hikmet on research and training. One of the biggest opportunities to discuss our research Boyacıog ˘ lu and training needs is conferences and trade shows. Milling and Grain, now in its regular, multi-language editions will pay a central role in reviewing and discussing both these important activities" - Professor Dr M Hikmet Boyacıoğlu To see all of the Milling and Grain language editions, please visit:




IAOM’s Fundamentals of Milling The IAOM is proud to announce that the Fundamentals of Milling courses will once again be held at Ocrim’s International School of Milling Technology this coming April, in Cremona, Italy. See the full story on page 39

Feed Safety Awareness in Southern Europe GMP+ International facilitates access for Italian companies by introducing the GMP+ FSA Country Note Italy Well attended workshop marks fast growing Feed Safety Awareness in Southern Europe. Towards the end of 2015, nearly 100 representatives of Italian Feed companies attended a workshop organized by GMP+ International in Bologna Italy, to introduce the GMP+ FSA Country Note Italy (GMP+ BCNIT). See the full story on page 32


1951 The year the FAO set up HQ in Italy



29.4 Italy's total land area in millions of hectares 46.6 Percentage of land area used for agriculture 17.5 Percentage of agricultural area that is permanent crops 10 Amount, in millions of US dollars that Italy has donated to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, making the country the Treaty's main donor. US$4.5 million of this has gone towards the treaty’s Benefit-Sharing Fund Source: FAO 6 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Big thinking Italian excellence In January of this year, Tom Blacker from the Milling and Grain team was fortunate enough be the guests of world-renowned manufacturers Omas at their new facility in the Italian town of San Giorgio delle Pertiche, just north of Padua. See the full story on page 70

Functional and logistical solutions for plants Milling and Grain visit two mills that have been set up using the Golfetti Sangati philosophy See the full story on page 72


Walk The Italian Way


FEB 16


A blog dedicated to milling industry professionals globally

Ulusoy Flour Company’s third flour plant in Turkey


lusoy Flour Company established its first plant in 1989 in Samsun, Turkey, with an initial production capacity was 180 metric tons per day. In 2014 the firm achieved a 5 percent share of Turkey’s flour export market, making it 5th in the industry. Today, the company has expanded its milling capacity to 900 metric tons per day in two plants, one located in Samsun and the other in Çorlu, Tekirdağ. Ulusoy Flour currently exports flour to 80 countries on 5 continents. “Ulusoy Flour Company, as one of the biggest flour manufacturers, has already exceeded its export target,” said Mr Günhan Ulusoy, Company President. Mr Ulusoy is currently also president of the executive board of the Turkish Flour Industrialists’ Federation (TUSAF). According to Mr Ulusoy, at the beginning of 2015 the company’s export target was about 126 thousand tons of wheat flour, but by the end of the year the actual total export volume is forecast to reach 160 thousand tons, beating the original target by 27 percent. Ulusoy Flour’s next target is to double its wheat flour export market share to ten percent. According to news provided to Milling and Grain by the company, in response to rising market demand, Ulusoy decided to expand its capacity with a third factory, in the Samsun Food Organised Industrial Zone, beginning construction in 2014. Completion is expected in 2016 and the factory will have a 600 ton/day milling capacity in a 30,000m2 area. According to 2015 data from the Istanbul Chamber of Industry, based on total production sales, Ulusoy Flour are in the top 500 Turkish producers and third in the Turkish flour industry. In November 2014, Ulusoy Flour became the first company in the sector and in Samsun City to trade its shares on the Istanbul Stock Exchange.

8 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Once again Alltech has done the feed industry proud by collating feed output figures by country for the fifth year in a row. Knowing how much formulated compound feed we produce by species and by country will help us address food security issues in the years ahead. Milling and Grain believes that every citizen in every country who’s government subscribes to the United Nations – and that’s over 180 countries in total – should have access to the world’s average per capita output through their diets when it comes to protein. That is, their domesticated livestock industries should have access to scientifically formulated compound feeds, produced by feed millers that use modern feed manufacturing and formulation systems, that matches the world average – of 133.6kg per capita. Today, over half the world’s countries do not meet this figure. Simple supply-and-demand equations tell us that if food is in short supply, prices are high. When food is plentiful prices fall. We at Milling and Grain and through our news blog The Global Miller, will be campaigning throughout 2016 to make this per capita figure a globally-recognised benchmark for countries when addressing food security or food insecurity. In this issue we look at the figures produced by Alltech in its 2015 survey (see page 58), published at IPPE on January 26, 2016. In our March edition we will collate these figures and provide a table ranking all countries by per capita production. It is Milling and Grain’s belief that without the infrastructure to support the development of fully-functioning, modern feedmills with all the equipment and computer control systems to allow the production of balanced, formulated feeds that meet the needs for growth by species and age, then addressing protein requirements of poorer populations will not be solved in a sustainable way.



Milling around the World at the Mills Archive - British Empire Mills Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK On looking through our journals at the Mills Archive I feel none seem to cover the story of roller flour milling as well as the two most popular in the UK and one from the USA. They reflect the story with articles and illustrations of their time. I refer to The Miller, Milling and The

Northwestern Miller. In June 1902, eleven years after it first appeared, Milling published an article entitled “British Empire Mills”. In those days the magazine described itself as “A Leading Weekly Organ of British and Irish Millers”; nowadays its successor, Milling and Grain has a worldwide reach, in print and electronically, that would have been unthinkable at the start of the 20th century. It is, nevertheless, enlightening to see how the infant magazine addressed its international relevance. The Milling article is well illustrated with exterior photographs of typical British mills in various countries, some of which are reproduced here. The mills selected were fitted out by one of three, well-known firms, Simon, Robinson and Turner. The setting and architecture of the buildings housing these roller mill plants were all very different, depending on the country in which they were located. The mills covered varied from the large port mills to the smaller country mill, with many recording the use of horses and wagons for the carting of the grain and flour. The following paragraphs illustrate the breadth and depth of the article. Some of the mills were described in great detail, while for others there is just a brief paragraph giving the date of the mill, its name and location with a note of the milling plant and number of bags per hour that could be achieved. The Antipodes were represented by four mills, two using the Robinson system and two that from Simon. Messrs. W Webb & Co’s mill in Victoria was erected early in 1888 and contained a complete Robinson grain cleaning and flour milling plant of 12 bags (200lbs) capacity per hour. Similarly equipped was the mill in Hobart owned by J Murdoch and Son, whose six-bag plant, driven by a Robinson compound tandem condensing engine, was erected in 1892. In New Zealand, the mill at Ngapara, owned at the time by Messrs Milligan & Bond, had been refitted with the Simon system to produce 4 sacks per hour of flour, which sold under the trade name “Peerless”. Among the first to install the Simon system in New South Wales, Messrs G Fielder & Son of the Phoenix Mills, Tamworth had a long association 10 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Messrs W Webb & Co’s Roller Flour Mills, Sandhurst, Victoria (Robinson’s System)

Messrs J Murdoch and Son’s Victoria Flour Mills, Hobart (Robinson’s System)

with milling in the northern regions of the State. The original system, installed in 1890, was re-equipped with an up to date ten-sack plant in 1902. The mill itself was at one end of the building, whilst at the other were arranged the storage bins for the wheat. In front of the building was a large balcony which was used to store the sacks of flour. South Africa was another important location for British exports of milling technology. WF Hornby & Company’s roller flour mill at Bloemfontein was a typical “Simon” mill. Similarly, the South African Milling Co Ltd in Cape Town had the Simon system in place and could produce fourteen sacks of flour per hour. The same company also has a large mill and silo granary in Port Elizabeth and a smaller one at Artois in Cape Colony, all fitted out with up to date Simon systems. Messrs Brook & Pote, in Grahamstown, Cape Colony sported Robinson equipment. In 1895 their fine new building was

Milling News Messrs Milligan and Bond’s Roller Flour Mills, Ngapara, NZ (Simon’s System)

Messrs Brook and Pote’s Roller Flour Mills, Grahamstown, Cape Colony (Robinson’s System)

Messrs WF Hornby & Co’s Roller Four Mills, Bloemfontein (Simon’s System)

The Diamond Jubilee Flour Mills, Delhi (Turner’s System)

fitted with a Robinson three bag plant, complete with cleaning and preparation machinery. The following year, a “Boer meal” plant, with a capacity of six bags per hour, on Robinson’s roller system was added. The mill was kept up to date and driven by one of Robinson’s horizontal engines. It was also noted that the premises throughout were lit by electricity! In India, the Diamond Jubilee Flour Mills in Delhi were built around 1902 and fitted out with the Turner system to produce 12 sacks per hour. On the extreme right of the building was the wheat store and wheat cleaning department. Next to this was a cast iron water tank, which also furnished the washing and conditioning plant, comprising a “Concentrio” washer and stoner, a vertical whizzer and a Turner patent conditioner with hot and cold blasts. In the mill itself, the breaks were performed on four of ‘Turner’s roller mills with 9-inch diameter rolls, 30 inches long. Three patent “Vibromotors” with double sieves were responsible for the scalping, five “Turner Dustless” purifiers and one gravity handled the purifying, and sundry inter-elevator reels and centrifugals were used for dressing. The right hand side of the photograph shows various out-buildings, the most prominent of which contained the steam engine with a work room above it. The engine was a coupled compound condensing engine, fitted with the ‘‘Turner-Pegg” patent positive “Corliss” gear. The Lancashire type boiler was in an outhouse and was 28ft long and 7ft diameter. Other countries, including Canada, Scotland and Ireland, also featuring typical British mills were described and will be covered in the next article in this series. These articles only give a brief glimpse of the several million records held by the Mills Archive Trust. If you would like to know more please email me at . Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 11

Milling News

Can you help save a vital part of the world’s flour milling heritage? An appeal from Liz Bartram, Development Manager, The Mills Archive


he Mills Archive, possibly the world’s largest left with a UK£2,500 shortfall to cover the cost of binding. specialist milling archive and library, is an We are looking for a company or an individual who educational heritage charity based in the UK recognises the value of these journals and who wishes to (registered charity no 1155828). make a difference by covering this shortfall. If you would Since 2002 we have provided a safe home for images and like to donate to this project and ensure that this collection documents relating to traditional wind- and watermills, is preserved and made available to the world, we would which we make freely available on our website and online love to hear from you. catalogue ( Once bound, the journals will become publically We now include the care and conservation of roller accessible for the first time. We are also working to scan flour mill records, a hugely significant part of the world’s some of the best examples of the front covers, which milling heritage and vital to the educational story of the display some stunning and evolving mill-related artwork evolution of milling. and these will be available to view by anyone around the Since we announced our intentions to establish the world. world’s first roller flour mill archive, in this magazine Unless we act now to care for this vulnerable and and elsewhere, we have been given more than 1500 loose increasingly rare material, we will pass the point at which issues of the important ‘Northwestern Miller’ journal from it can be rescued. Can you help? the USA. To find out more, or to make a donation, please email me The journals capture the important revolution in on the milling world during a period of rapid technological change from wind- and watermills to much larger factory-style mills. The new collection extends from 1886 to 1973 and is the largest set available to the public in Europe, and possibly worldwide. In 2015 we received a grant of almost UK£9,000 from the Mercers’ Company to bind and house these journals, in order to protect their fragile state The journals are very fragile and by supporting and prevent further degradation. this appeal, you will However, since receiving this grant, our collection help to prevent this from happening to more issues. of the Northwestern Miller has grown, and we are

12 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

New Optional Accessories:

Stainless steel bolting on the roof, perimetral eave catwalk & anti-avalanche.

Visit us:


10 - 12nd February, Kiev, Ukraine Stand: C223

Offices and Factory: Ctra. de Arenas km. 2,300 13210 Villarta de San Juan • Ciudad Real- Spain T: +34 926 640 475 • F: +34 926 640 294 Madrid Office: C/ Azcona, 37 • 28028 Madrid - Spain T: +34 91 726 43 04 • F: +34 91 361 15 94

WEST BENGAL POULTRY 17 - 18th February, Kolkata, India

Milling News

Alltech acquires Masterfeeds, Canada’s leading animal nutrition company


lltech has acquired 100 percent of the outstanding shares of Masterfeeds, Inc., in a share purchase agreement with Ag Processing Inc (AGP). Masterfeeds, a leading commercial animal nutrition company in Canada, is now part of the Alltech family of companies, which includes 12 other companies that Alltech has acquired globally since 2011. “Masterfeeds has long been a partner and friend of Alltech. With them fully on board now as an Alltech company, together we can narrow our focus and accelerate on-farm performance,” said Dr Pearse Lyons, founder and president of Alltech. “Between Alltech’s primacy in science and Masterfeeds’ robust network of farm-focused team and dealers, we have a winning combination for moving Canadian agriculture forward to greater farm and ranch efficiency and profitability.” The addition of Masterfeeds to Alltech’s existing Canadian operations and other Canadian acquisition, EMF Nutrition, brings the companies’ total presence to approximately 700 Canadian employees. Together they operate 25 feed manufacturing and premix facilities, nine retail locations and seven distribution centres in a business spanning the entire country. Alltech has a strong presence in all

Rob Flack, CEO of Masterfeeds, joins Dr Pearse Lyons, president and founder of Alltech, in celebrating Alltech’s completed acquisition of Masterfeeds, Canada’s leading animal nutrition company

regions of the world with more than 4700 employees worldwide. “Never in our 86-year history has our future been as exciting as it is now that we have joined the Alltech family,” stated Rob Flack, president and CEO of Masterfeeds. “Alltech is at the forefront of science in everything they do. This strengthens our ability to deliver on-farm nutrition solutions like never before.” Alltech and Masterfeeds have identified possible growth opportunities together, which may include nutritional technologies and feeding programmes for antibioticfree formulation, feed efficiency, organic minerals, algae, mycotoxin management and crop protection and performance. Masterfeeds also has equine and pet product lines, which may be further developed with Alltech nutritional technologies. Masterfeeds will continue to be headquartered in London, Ontario, Canada, and led by its current chief executive officer, Rob Flack. In

Bunge donates US$1 million to new Saint Louis Science Centre GROW agriculture exhibit


unge North America, the North American operating arm of Bunge Limited, announced a significant gift in support of the Saint Louis Science Centre’s recently announced permanent exhibit on agriculture. Bunge is contributing US$1 million over five years to the exhibit titled 'GROW,' which will teach visitors about food from farm to fork. “Agriculture touches every life, every day in the food we eat, and it is important to give everyone an opportunity to understand how the food value chain works,” said Todd Bastean, president and CEO, Bunge North America. “As a leading agrifood company with roots in St Louis, Bunge is proud to help the Saint Louis Science Centre highlight how agriculture will meet the growing global

14 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

addition, Alltech’s own entity, Alltech Canada, remains headquartered in Guelph, Ontario, serving the entire Canadian feed industry. Alltech has more than tripled its sales in the last three years and is on target to achieve US$4 billion in sales in the next few years. Since 2011, Alltech has completed 13 acquisitions successfully. This is Alltech’s second acquisition of a company headquartered in Canada, following the success in acquiring EMF Nutrition in 2013. “The pressure on agriculture today requires the feed business to take an aggressive approach to continuous improvement of nutritional technology,” said Steve Bourne, vice president of Alltech. “Our number one focus is and always will be: How do we improve profitability and efficiency for our customers on the farm and on the ranch? This commitment defines our strategy and underscores why we are moving forward with trusted companies like Masterfeeds.”

demand for food.” In addition to financial support, Bunge employees will offer industry expertise to the Science Centre team developing the exhibit, which will include more than 40 exhibits about agriculture and economics, chemistry, culture, technology and life sciences – all in a permanent one-acre site that includes indoor and outdoor experiences. Bunge employees will also provide ongoing volunteer support to the exhibit, the first major addition of a permanent exhibit by the Saint Louis Science Centre since 1991. “We are grateful to Bunge not only for its financial commitment but for the company’s willingness to provide real working knowledge of the food supply chain from the producer to the processors to the consumer,” said Bert Vescolani, president and CEO, Saint Louis Science Centre. “Through this partnership, visitors will have a better understanding of how food moves from the field to the table and the challenges we face to make sure the world has enough to eat.”

Milling News

Virus risk for autumn sown crops remains unusually high due to warm conditions

Advanced Feature Dryer


The Complexity of Balancing Sanitary Drying and Efficiency

Has Now Been Mastered The Quick Clean Advanced Feature Dryer from Extru-Tech, Inc., with industry-leading fines handling, ease-of-cleaning access and other key engineered sanitation features, has elevated food safety to the next level. Put your process in compliance and well ahead of industry standards. Contact a dryer specialist today at 785-284-2153 or visit us online at

P.O. Box 8 100 Airport Road Sabetha, KS 66534, USA Phone: 785-284-2153 Fax: 785-284-3143

16 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

ET-280A.indd 1

1/7/16 2:11 PM

arm conditions mean that aphids may still be multiplying and moving within many autumnsown crops, particularly in areas with less extreme rainfall, says AHDB Aphid News. The risk of virus spread (BYDV and TuYV) for January is unusually high. Monitoring at risk crops is still advised until winter conditions take hold, which latest forecasts suggest could be as early as next week. Met Office figures suggest last month was the wettest December on record. The UK mean temperature for December was a recordbreaking at 7.9°C, which is 4.1°C above the long-term average. The previous record was 6.9°C in 1934. Temperatures for December 2015 were closer to those normally experienced during April or May. Along with the remarkable warmth, there has been a virtual complete lack of air frost across much of England. The exceptionally mild weather has led to further late aphid flight activity in south west and south east England, particularly during the week 14-20 December but less so between December 21 to January 3. It has been very wet through most of December and it is possible that this will have restricted aphid movement within crops. However, in the less extreme wet areas, aphids will still be multiplying and moving within many autumnsown crops, so the risk of virus spread (BYDV and TuYV) is still high. The exceptionally mild weather has led to further late aphid flight activity in south west and south east England, particularly during the week December 14-20 but less so 21st December to 3rd January. Two field reports of wingless aphids thriving on winter cereals, one of bird cherry–oat aphid in Hertfordshire and one of rose-grain aphid in Somerset, have also been received by the authors of AHDB Aphid News at Rothamsted Research. AHDB forecast the arrival of the first aphid flights each year. They do this by using a long run of aphid data from the suction-trap network, managed by Rothamsted Research, combined with the long run of weather data available from the Met Office and others. Analysing this data makes it possible to establish relationships between weather and the timing of the start of aphid flights and aphid abundance in spring and early summer.

Milling News

nabim Varieties Working Group reclassifies KWS Siskin winter wheat


he winter wheat variety KWS Siskin’s status has been changed from Group 4 to Group 2 after a review of data by the nabim Varieties Working Group. Following the original decision in November 2015, a careful review of extensive milling and baking test data for KWS Siskin was undertaken by nabim. Crucially, the review included performance data.. As a result of the review, it was concluded on 13 January 2016 that the original decision did not reflect all growing situations. Martin Savage, nabim Trade Policy Manager, said: “Based on the evidence we had in November, KWS Siskin was judged to have the characteristics of a Group 4 variety. “An appeal was received from KWS, the plant breeder, stating that the original nabim decision had placed undue weight on one data set. “Additional data was then considered which helped to show that KWS Siskin’s bread-making performance variability was within the acceptable

18 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

range for a Group 2 variety. “This is the first appeal against a decision made by the nabim Varieties Working Group and we are delighted at the positive outcome as it shows the value of appeal.” The first online edition of the Recommended Lists for cereals and oilseeds 2016/17 (RL) was launched on 30 November 2015. Based on the latest variety trial information, the online Lists represent the most accurate source of information on yield and quality performance, agronomic features and market options to assist growers with variety selection. The final RL booklet is published in late winter, typically February. Dr Simon Oxley, who heads the Recommended Lists project, said: “The period between the publication of the online Lists and the final RL publication provides opportunities to refine recommendations. “Because of the commercial importance of the RL, it is not unusual for plant breeders to appeal decisions. “Each appeal is considered seriously

and evidence reviewed thoroughly. As this decision related to the milling performance of KWS Siskin, the appeal was considered by the nabim Varieties Working Group. “We fully support the decision made by nabim to alter KWS Siskin’s group status from Group 4 to Group 2 and have updated our online tables to reflect this decision.” KWS Siskin joins two other nabim Group 2 varieties – KWS Lili and Cordiale – on the 2016/17 RL strengthening options for growers looking for varieties with breadmaking potential. KWS managing director Andrew Newby welcomed the decision saying he had always been confident in the variety’s suitability as a bread-making wheat. “The decision to downgrade KWS Siskin to a Group 4 came as a surprise and after consulting our technical team, led by Mark Dodds and Kirsty Richards, we felt there was justification for an appeal. “nabim is also to be applauded for the way in which it managed the appeal. This is the first appeal of its kind and there was no precedent for how it should be handled.”

Milling News

What is phytase superdosing? AB Vista’s Dr Mike Bedford explains the science


n a recently released technical video, Mike Bedford, Research Director at AB Vista, highlights new research that more precisely identifies how phytases work in the animal. This helps explain where the performance benefits of phytase superdosing are really coming from and why important differences can be seen between commercial phytases. Many end-users have now adopted the practice of superdosing, using higher phytase doses in feed to reduce the anti-nutritional effects of phytate (IP6) in pigs and poultry. This has proven to give additional animal performance benefits beyond standard phytases doses. Recent publications have shown that it is not just phytate that has antinutritive effects; the breakdown products of phytate - IP5, IP4 and IP3 – can also have an anti-nutritive effect in the animal. These lower phytate esters have been shown to correlate with poor digestion of protein, energy

and minerals, indicating that they have an anti-nutritive effect in the animal. The key point is that, with standard phytase dosing, we may be degrading one anti-nutrient and simply replacing with another. Despite this, confusion still exists in the market as to what superdosing is and how this should be defined. Ongoing research and customer experience has helped AB Vista go a step further in defining superdosing as ‘feeding enough of an effective phytase to prevent the build-up of lower phytate esters such as IP3 and IP4 in the gut of the animal’. “When we think about phytases, we should think about them as enzymes to effectively breakdown IP5, IP4, and IP3 as well as IP6. We want phytases not only to release the P we need, but to eliminate all inhibitors of digestion, and enable the animal to grow more efficiently. Superdosing phytase does exactly that.” This also sheds light on why we

see differences between commercial phytases, which differ significantly in their ability to break down phytate and the lower esters IP5, IP4, IP3, even when fed at high levels. For animal producers to see a greater return from their phytase programme, they need to select an effective phytase, such as Quantum Blue which, when applied at superdosed levels, can break down IP6 and continue to destroy the antinutritive lower phytate esters, even at low concentrations of phytate, Dr Bedford says. “Choosing a phytase simply by determining how much phosphorus it releases does not give the full picture. Scientific data now allows us to better understand exactly what effect phytases have in the gut, and thus maximise the performance benefits that can be made through effective superdosing.” The new video featuring Dr Mike Bedford (‘Superdosing – where are the benefits coming from? Part one: complete phytate destruction’) can be viewed on the AB Vista website It is the first in a new technical video series from AB Vista, titled “Extraordinary Science Brought to Life”. AARSEN5039

Feed mills of the future are here today

What does the future hold for feed mill technology? The future is more efficiency, while increasing feed quality. The future is higher production and lower energy consumption. The future is fully automated lines producing lower costs per ton. The future is smart engineering concepts using state-of-the-art technology. The future is here today, with smart feed mills from Van Aarsen.

2015-11-18, Grain & Feed Milling Adv.indd 1

Milling and Grain - February 2016 18-11-15 | 19


Milling News

[ Museum Story No. 2 ]


Happy Chinese New Year Tom Blacker, International Milling and Grain Directory

One of over 3,000 flour sacks collected and exhibited to the public at the FlourWorld Museum. Flour sacks are more than just packaging. Behind their artistic designs there lie stories that reveal the symbolic power of wheat. Besides secular motifs, the collection includes representations of spiritual strength. The beautiful sack from Guatemala shows the Virgin of Covadonga revered in Spain for her strong, pure faith. It is precisely these attributes – strength and purity – that symbolize the quality of wheat. This connection has a long tradition in Christianity. Grain was the beginning With its collection of over 3,000 flour sacks from 130 countries around the globe, the FlourWorld Museum in Wittenburg, near Hamburg (Germany), is unique in the world of grain. It is an initiative and cultural project of Mühlenchemie and a token of thanks to all millers. The museum shows the history of flour and its significance for mankind: FLOUR IS LIFE. Every new sack with an interesting motif is welcome in the Sackotheque and will find a permanent home there.

20 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Greetings from The International Milling and Grain Directory. Following our fantastic distribution and frankly staggering interest shown from the industry at IPPE in Atlanta, USA recently; we now hope to experience an equally positive reception at GEAPS later this month. This month the Chinese New Year is also celebrated, so I would like to take this opportunity to wish a happy Happy Chinese New Year or Xin Nian Kuai Le! to you all, especially the manufacturers, millers and users of the directory in China. Recently, GMD enjoyed a very constructive tour of some of our member company’s factories and their customers’ flourmills. I personally spent four days in Italy, whilst my close colleague Darren visited grain storage solution manufacturers in Spain. The purpose of these tours is to form a deeper understanding of the engineering and thinking behind solving challenges in our industry, whilst presenting an opportunity to increase our network. This process is incredibly positive because I firmly believe that as our own knowledge increases, so does that of our readership. More visits of this nature are planned in the upcoming months, as well as more events. We will ensure that comprehensive reports of all of our visits are published in this magazine, so do look out for these over this and the next couple of issues. Looking ahead, we will soon have reached the milestone of the 25th edition that we hope to publish later this year ready for 2017. In the meantime, it has been great to see the great care taken by our member companies in notifying us immediately of any changes to their contact details. Although I always have encouraged this but the activity of many of the members, this has been particularly good recently. The ability to log-in to amend these changes is also increasing in popularity. Please if you are also keen to manage your own profile, then just email me at tomb@perendale. or call +44 1242 267703 for more contact. AND GRAIN

Milling News


Ge any • Made in

G in

de in Germany


a •M


M ade i n G e rm y • an an



in G

ermany • M a



ccording to Alltech’s 2015 European Grains and Forage Harvest Analysis, dairy and beef cattle are at high risk for mycotoxin exposure. Inconsistent weather conditions during the summer increased the risk for mycotoxin contamination, leading to challenges in plant growth with marked negative effects on the 2015 European crop. The annual study surveyed 174 grain samples at the Analytical Services Laboratory of Alltech using UPLC-MS/MS testing for mycotoxin contamination to determine the risk of performance impairment to ruminant animals. The Alltech 37+® mycotoxin analysis found an average 2.8 mycotoxins per sample, with more than 91 percent of samples tested positive for at least one mycotoxin. The harvest analysis revealed multiple mycotoxins present in 2015 corn silage, with 75 percent of samples testing at higher risk for performance impairment to dairy and two-thirds at higher risk for beef cow performance. The harvest analysis revealed multiple mycotoxins present in corn silage, showing the greatest risk for Type A Trichothecenes, Fusaric Acid and Type B Trichothecenes. Fusaric Acid and Type B Trichothecenes were present in almost all corn silage samples and can interact synergistically with each other, increasing toxicity and elevating the potential to impact herd health and performance. “It is important for producers to understand the synergistic effects toxins can have when multiple are present in feed, causing an increase in animal and rumen health challenges,” said Pedro Ramos Caramona, European Mycotoxin Management team project manager. “Management practices to prevent exposure are always the best course of action. Producers should look to test feed samples at harvest and prior to feed out to identify the risk posed to their animals.” According to Caramona, studies have shown that higher levels of mycotoxins can lead to a reduction of up to 0.59 litres in milk per day for dairy cows. Additionally, milk somatic cell count (SCC) may increase by eight percent. With this loss in performance and considering current milk prices, producers could see an estimated reduction in profitability per cow at €53.98 over one lactation. Common symptoms with the ingestion of these toxins include reduced feed intake, lowered blood pressure, swelling and oedema of the legs, liver damage, immune response and lowered milk and meat production. Also present this year were Pencillium mycotoxins, commonly known as storage toxins. Hay and grass silage contained the greatest levels of Pencilliums, which can have a strong impact on rumen health, altering microbial protein and affecting rumen and gut health, which can result in altered performance. By looking at the overall risk to the animal, known as Risk Equivalent Quantity (REQ), producers can assess the quality of their feed and identify the risk as low, moderate or high and take steps to minimise the impact of mycotoxins on ruminant animals. “Producers need to be cautious, now more than ever, to ensure proper packing procedures are implemented to avoid spoilage prior to feed out,” Mr Caramona said. “If left uncontrolled, contamination even at lower levels can cause health and performance challenges in livestock, resulting in the loss of production and profitability.”


e ad

Alltech 2015 European Grains and Forage Harvest Analysis: Test before feeding cattle

Leiber brewers’ yeast products Excellent for: Cell regeneration Immune system Fertility/Performance Digestion Prebiotic effect Coat/hooves

Leiber GmbH Hafenstraße 24 49565 Bramsche Germany Tel. +49 (0)5461 9303-0 Fax +49 (0)5461 9303-29

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 21 Anzeige Rind 90 x 270 Milling & Grain.indd 1

22.01.15 12:02

Milling News

The Pelletier Column

Searching for a new economic model

by Christophe Pelletier With the many challenges arising from a growing world population, it becomes more and more obvious that the economic model of the past six decades needs to be refreshed. As such, providing consumer goods at an affordable price for the masses is not a bad idea. Helping people to have a more comfortable and pleasant life is certainly welcomed by most of us. The problem is that the so-called ‘consumption society’ is not so much about consumption as it is about people buying and giving their money to someone else. In the current system, consumption is optional. Research has shown that consumers use 75 to 80 percent of the goods that they buy no more than once. What really matters is the act of purchasing the goods. It is good for growth and the GDP, currently the leading metrics for the state of the economy. The problem is that mass production has gradually shifted from affordability to cheapness and from value to price. It has also focused mostly on volume and has not taken into account that consumers would have to get rid of what they bought after usage. Negative externalities have been kept external indeed. Short-term financial results have had the preference and long-term impact has been ignored. The system is hitting a wall and issues of greenhouse gases emissions and waste of resources are now becoming urgent matters to address. All industries will be affected one way or the other. Food and agriculture will be no exception. The big question is how to change the system without having it implode. That is not an easy one to answer but sooner or later it will have to change. Vision and leadership are crucial to manage the transition. I wish I had seen more of it. So far, I see and hear more about pro ‘this’ and anti ‘that’. It is highly insufficient and produces more noise than results. In my opinion, the problem is not so much about growth as it is about what growth means. Over the previous few decades, growth has been mostly about volume numbers; it has been a quantitative growth. I believe that the best transition towards the next model is to focus on what I call qualitative growth. It is not so much about volume as it is about adding value to the buyer. For consumers and countries, qualitative growth would be to quantitative growth what EVA (economic value added) is to turn-over for a business. It is about prosperity. For food producers, such shift growth will lead to a 22 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

different approach. The most valuable areas of value added for consumers and society probably lies in providing good and enjoyable nutrition, yet affordable, thorough advice and education. The industry will have to help consumers eat better and help them have healthy diets. It will go beyond just supply food; consumers will also have to rediscover what proper nutrition is. Initiatives such as the Global Access to Nutrition Index can play a pivotal role in helping food producers make the transition towards quantitative growth. The food sector has also an important role to play in keeping our environment liveable. The trend towards transparency is an important part of the evolution on both health and environment fronts. Of course, such a change of economic model means that the economics must change, too. In my previous column, I stated that those who do the right thing must be rewarded. A new reward system must be introduced in the set of rules and regulations so that producers get the proper incentive to make the shift because adding the type of value that I mention to consumers also requires a different price tag in the store, or at least a different breakdown of costs and benefits along the entire chain from producers to consumers. How to fairly distribute the cost tag of the change is still open for debate. The system has to be rewarding for businesses by allowing margins to be comparatively competitive in the new arrangement. Consumers doing the right thing must also be rewarded; the new system’s rewards should also apply at the remuneration level. In particular, the share of qualitative improvements in companies’ bonus systems will have to increase at the expense of qualitative growth targets. The adjustments needed in the food and agriculture sectors will not end in this sector. They will have to include other areas of government too; in particular the health sector will have to be involved, as the consequences of the quality of nutrition on health are obvious for individuals and society both at the personal as at the financial level. I also believe that such a shift in economic model will mean that business partners within the value chain will have to challenge each other to carry out the transition and it will become a critical point in choosing with whom to do business in the future. Christophe Pelletier is a food and agriculture strategist and futurist from Canada. He works internationally. He has published two books on feeding the world’s growing population. His blog is called “The Food Futurist”.

We Mean Busin Cost Effective Solutions That Get Results! Smart companies don’t buy names. They buy results. Results that don’t vanish when things get tough. Results that deliver when projects … and reputations … hang in the balance. At times like these, the trust placed in your equipment suppliers will either pay dividends or spell disaster. Global Industries has provided results-based grain systems for more than half a century. Single component? Total project? Doesn’t matter! Global works to understand your

needs to deliver durable and efficient solutions to drive your business forward. Lots of companies sell grain equipment, but few can match the quality, service and support Global delivers to every customer, every day. Smart companies understand that trust is earned through consistently meeting expectations. That’s why Global customers stay Global customers. You expect results. Global delivers.

Innovative Engineering • Precision Manufacturing • Delivering Value & Trust Global Industries, Inc. 2928 East US Highway 30 Grand Island, NE USA 69902 E-mail: Ph: 308-384-9320 Fax: 308-389-5253 Visit Us On Facebook


Milling News

Opportunities in Indonesia by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG In these columns I have written before about Indonesia, but I make no apologies for doing so again from a UK perspective. It was the first Asian country that our newly elected Prime Minister visited in 2015 and very soon their President will make his first State Visit to our country. These very high profile visits reiterate the importance given by us to trade between our two countries. Indonesia is widely regarded as a politically stable, democratic country with a population of over 250 million people, 84 million of whom are now rated as middle class and having disposable incomes for luxury goods. With a trillion dollar economy it is the largest in SE Asia and ranked tenth in the world. And with over 60 percent of its population of working age and young who are enthusiastically embracing all new technology and becoming more urbanised. The challenge for our agri and aquaculture industries allied with food production and safety must be to help them develop their industries. Agriculture is a vital sector with food security a priority to meet the population’s needs and to help its economy by increasing its exports. It already accounts for 15 percent of GDP; the third largest after hydrocarbons and manufacture Indonesia is seeking to move its agricultural and aquaculture industries further up the value chain and is trying to attract foreign investment, technology and innovation from global companies. The aim: to improve production by more than 20 percent. This cannot be achieved on its own and the Government is already improving and building roads air and sea ports along with dedicated business and manufacturing parks with improved power supplies to enable modern manufacturing, packaging and distribution to be efficient and effective. This includes for the production of inputs of manufactured feedstuffs, fertilisers, sprays and pharmaceuticals. From the foreign investment perspective corruption and illegal trading is being very effectively tackled, making the country a very safe place to trade. As a country based around thousands of islands aquaculture is a main source of income with a clamp down on illegal fishing mostly carried out by foreign countries the opportunities for home based production are significantly increased, along with the development of efficient fish farming both from salt and fresh water. These industries cannot be developed without efficient milling and feed formulation to meet every growth stage and fulfil the genetic potential, whilst using the best technologies available. To this end foreign expertise and investment is being actively sought. Placing Indonesia as a world leader in fish and shrimp production. Once produced the industry needs to be developed to meet the Global GAP standards not just for export but also 26 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

to safely feed the increasingly urbanised population. With fish shrimp and other crustacean species a source of human protein that can now be effectively farmed opportunities for efficient production abound. For agriculture the country offers climate and soil types ideal for crop production horticulture being of significant importance as well as the staple of rice and potatoes. There are massive marketing opportunities for storage and marketing for perishable crops. Similarly the livestock industry is open for investment and improvement along with the genetic improvement (which can be easily achieved) management and production systems need to be upgraded to realise the full potential Already innovative crop genetics in country have developed a soya bean that can be produced in sub tropical conditions, with these sort of developments and the use of hitherto under developed protein sources from algae and insects the future for stock farming can be better assured. Improving production and incomes, maintaining a sustainable future whilst also protecting the environment. Already in place to help overseas potential investors is a free service the EU TCF EU Indonesian Trade Cooperation Facility dedicated to assisting European companies better understand the opportunities for investment working closely with BKPM. Technology and training are key issues along with investment. The Government are committed to improvement and are keen to help especially foreign investors take full advantage of the countries capabilities. Utilising technology, co operation the rural population will make significant improvements to their industries and countries well being In summary the country in my view offers business and entrepreneurs opportunities in: • The supply chain (waste reduction, logistics, cool chain, packaging) • Quality & quality improvement. • Food safety, hygiene, trace ability, standards. • Post harvest technology. • Science & Innovation, R&D Collaboration. • Aquaculture & fisheries. • Genetics. • Value adding. • Investment. • Emphasis on environment and sustainable production technologies. • Agriculture, crop and livestock production. Finally for this column I think that Indonesia offers fantastic opportunities for investors, traders farmers and I am looking forward to my next visit @AgrictecExports

Milling News


Due to continuing worldwide success, Chief Industries UK are nearing completion of their new factory expansion – doubling the size of their existing factory to 24 000 ft. The new extension will help further improve the company’s already renowned levels of customer service and provide much needed storage and assembly space. Work is also due to start on a major extension of their offices to accommodate new staff and scope for future expansion.

Great Aunty Harriet Swift - circa 1863

BBC TV history programme inspires modern bread baking

Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) announced on 8 February that it has agreed to acquire from Tate & Lyle a Casablanca, Morocco-based corn wet mill that produces glucose and native starch. “The facility is the leading sweetener and starch supplier in a country that should see substantial demand growth in the coming years. It is well-positioned to serve Moroccan customers as well as Mediterranean export markets,” said Chris Cuddy, president of ADM’s Corn Processing business unit. The acquisition is subject to regulatory approval. ADM targets closing during the first half of 2016.

DLG International, organiser of international trade exhibitions in the agricultural and food sector, has established an independent subsidiary in Moscow, Russia, incorporated as DLG RUS OOO. The opening of the new office in Russia means that DLG International now has eight international subsidiaries: DLG RUS OOO in Russia; DLG Italia; DLG BENELUX in the Netherlands; DLG AgroFood in Poland; DLG Inter Marketing in Romania; DLG Fuarcilik in Turkey; and DLG AgroTechService in China, as well as IFWexpo in Heidelberg, Germany.


uring his involvement in the BBC’s new ‘Victorian Bakers’ television series, 5th generation family and Master Baker John Swift was inspired to create new breads from old ideas. 35-year-old John from Clee Hill in South Shropshire was filming the new three-part series for BBC2 last year and with the help of two programme historians, gained an insight into the world of bread baking in Victorian times. The ingredients and techniques he was learning about were closely replicating those probably used by his Great Aunt Hannah Swift when she set up the family business as a grocery store and Swifts Bakery in 1863. ‘Sponge and dough’ breads were prepared using a longer fermentation process that took time to prove and a second stage mix with the final ingredients. This method was used before bread improvers were invented and gave the bread a better taste, texture and chemistry. Taking this knowledge from history and applying the modern techniques of a 21st century bakery, John has created two ‘new’ loaves. The Clee Hill Cob is a white seeded loaf sprinkled with wheat flakes and is named after the town in which the family business has operated since the late 1970’s. Whilst the Quarry Cob is made using locally-milled Shropshire wholemeal flour and is named after the nearby granite quarries that overlook internationally-known foodie destination, Ludlow. Traditional production methods - dating

back more than 150 years, have been brought together with current innovation, as John Swift explains: “These ‘sponge and dough’ breads were originally produced as a cheap, staple food that would have been essential; especially for the very poor working classes of the Victorian era. I’ll always remember the look of ‘I’ve just been to heaven and back’ on the face of my fellow Victorian Baker John Foster, when we were filming and he had just smelled the first successful batch of loaves. “We will respect tradition by using the same long fermentation processes; but I’m sure the newer versions will bring something fresh and appealing to the table for our modern day customer.” John’s inspiration is borne of a passion for craft baking, traditional methods and natural ingredients. But filming for the BBC programme also developed a strong desire to have a greater appreciation of how things were for his family in the past. “My Father Richard and my Grandfather Charles have both inspired me and guided me, but this gave me an opportunity to learn more and feel more closely connected to earlier generations of my family as well. Victorian times were tough compared to our lives now and living conditions were often harsh. The Swift family were providing an essential service to the local villages. I’m now even more determined to blend what was important and good in the past, with what the 21st century wants from a Master Baker.” Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 27

Milling News

Pre-harvest food safety


ederal US food safety surveillance data in recent years shows significant progress by the poultry and red meat industries in reducing foodborne pathogens. Nonetheless, notes Doug Smith, PhD, Director of Food Safety at Diamond V, the rates of human illness persist. The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network operated by US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention has been tracking trends for human infections transmitted through food for nearly 20 years. Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli have been frequently associated with consumption of animal protein products. Often these bacteria have been cited among the top five pathogens causing foodborne illness in the US. “Despite progress against pathogenic E coli,” Dr Smith says, “the level of Salmonella infections have been constant for nearly a decade and Campylobacter infections have been on the rise.”

30 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

This ongoing challenge is part of the impetus for new federal feed and food production regulations stemming from passage of the US Food Safety and Modernisation Act. “In order to lower the risk of human illness,” Dr Smith says, “companies producing foods of animal origin must implement effective pre-harvest food safety programs.” Producing a safe, sustainable, and affordable food supply, says Don McIntyre, PhD, Diamond V Director of North American Poultry Research and Technical Service, means strengthening each link in the food supply chain -- from farm to fork. Dr McIntyre notes: “Abstracts and posters at the 2016 International Poultry Scientific Forum (IPSF) report research focused on human pathogens that occur in poultry during production as well as on the effects of production challenges like heat and crowding stress.” Key presentations at IPSF 2016, January 25, at the World Congress Centre in Atlanta include: “Effects of feeding Diamond V Original XPC™ on the virulence, antibiotic resistance, intestinal colonisation and faecal shedding of multiple antibiotic-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium in broilers.” SA Carlson* (Iowa State University), KL Anderson, MF Scott, and DR McIntyre -- 2:00 pm, Room B-312, M46 “Including Original XPC feed additive in the diet of inoculated broilers during grow-out helps control Salmonella associated with their carcasses after processing.” NA Cox* (USDA Agricultural Research Service and University of Georgia), DE Cosby, JL Wilson, DV Bourassa, RJ Buhr, ME Berrang, DR McIntyre, and DP Smith -- 4:30 p.m., Room B-313, P273 “Effect of Original-XPC on the cecal microbiome of broilers influencing the survival of Salmonella in an anaerobic in vitro mixed culture assay.” SM Roto* (University of Arkansas), PM Rubinelli, SH Park, and SC Ricke -- 4:30 pm, Room B-313, P334 “Effect of feeding Original XPC™ on Salmonella populations in the cecum (hindgut) of experimentally Salmonella-challenged 6-week–old broiler chickens.” PM Rubinelli (University of Arkansas), SM Roto, SH Park, and SC Ricke* -- 4:30 pm, Room B-313, P239 “Effects of heat and crowding stress on commercial turkey hen performance supplemented with dietary Original XPC or combined with AviCare™ in water.” B Bartz* (North Carolina State University), JL Grimes, SB Black, IB Barasch, and DR McIntyre -9:15 am, Room B-314, M86


GROWING INTO THE FUTURE TAKING CARE ADDING VALUE SOLUTIONS FOR HANDLING AND STORAGE OF GRAIN AND SEED Cimbria develops and manufactures an entire range of equipment and solutions for seed processing. Thorough technical engineering experience and in-depth product knowledge enable us to supply solutions for cleaning, grading and treatment of various seed and grain products. Special focus is kept on effective sorting and cleaning, gentle handling, crop-purity, safe and dust-free operation and low running costs.

CIMBRIA UNIGRAIN A/S Praestejorden 6 | DK-7700 Thisted Phone: +45 96 17 90 00 E-mail:


Milling News

Feed Safety Awareness in Southern Europe by Johan den Hartog – Managing Director of GMP+ International GMP+ International facilitates access for Italian companies by introducing the GMP+ FSA Country Note Italy Well attended workshop marks fast growing Feed Safety Awareness in Southern Europe. Towards the end of 2015, nearly 100 representatives of Italian Feed companies attended a workshop organized by GMP+ International in Bologna Italy, to introduce the GMP+ FSA Country Note Italy (GMP+ BCN-IT). GMP+ International manages the unique GMP+ Feed Certification scheme (GMP+ FC scheme). This certification scheme is focused on controlling feed safety (GMP+ Feed Safety Assurance) and responsibility (GMP+ Feed Responsibility Assurance). The scheme consists of standards and rules for certification and is intended for companies active in the feed chain around the world. Since 2010 the number of GMP+ FSA certified companies in Italy increased by 900 percent to almost 400 companies today, which makes this country the sixth most important country for GMP+ International. The introduction of this Country Note is the result of initiatives taken by local feed companies and certification bodies to overcome some of the most important hurdles for these companies in establishing a GMP+ feed safety management system and for getting a GMP+ FSA certificate.

Why get a Country Note?

During the workshop representatives of GMP+ certified companies Agricola Grains S.P.A and Methodo Chemicals S.R.L, shared their experiences and bottlenecks with the audience. The chain approach, the founding concept of GMP+ FSA, often causes issues with sourcing of feed materials in countries where the density of GMP+ participants is relativelylow. This Italian country note, which is purely a temporary standard; applicable until the end 2019, is meant to address issues in the following areas; Gatekeeper protocols to allow sourcing of non-assured feed materials 32 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Requirements to combine the production of GMP+ assured and non-assured feed in the same production facility Special conditions allowing transport companies to perform gatekeeper protocols, subject to approval of the producer or trader

Labeling conditions for BCN-IT and non-assured products

This country note offers Italian companies the opportunity to participate in the GMP+ scheme -- even when their suppliers are not yet utilising a certified feed safety management system. The country note can only be granted for a period of just a few years, in which assured, certified supply chains can be achieved. So for this reason, any products that are produced by a company who possess a country note, can only be placed on the local, Italian market. Dik Wolters, Program Manager Standards of GMP+ International comments “this project is a great example how the involved stakeholders committed themselves to achieve compliance with the high GMP+ feed safety standard. They joined forces and took their responsibility to solve some issues in the long road to GMP+ feed safety assurance. Over the next months we will closely monitor the experiences of Italian companies in order to make this Country Note as practical as possible, yet ensuring safe practices.” An Italian company can apply this country note in addition to one of the basic GMP+ standards, from the 1st of January 2016 onwards. Compliance is checked by the auditor. A successful audit results in a certificate with relevant scopes. For details about application and certification of this country note in combination with a basic GMP+ standard, a company should contact a certification body approved for GMP+ certification by GMP+ International. Please also refer to the GMP+ website. Certification bodies, who are approved to carry out GMP+ certification, will be informed separately by GMP+ International about specific certification details. The Italian translation of the Country Note Italy as well as a FAQ-document regarding this country note will all be available shortly.

Milling News

Milling and Grain talk to Merryl Webster from Format International about the recent aquasition by Cargill


argill has acquired Format International Ltd, a leading global feed formulation software company with more than thirty years of experience and more than 5 000 users across 93 countries. With the move said to have been driven by “opportunities in the global feed software market to provide customers with integrated formulation software, as well as solutions on a larger scale.” Format International is a well established British based company that specialises in the design, authoring and marketing of recipe optimisation, ingredient allocation and food and feed formulation solutions for the animal feed, aqua feed, pet food, human food, premix and other industries. Founded in 1980, Format International currently delivers software to customers in over 93 countries world-wide; ranging from small local companies and consultants to large, multi-national corporations. The new arrangement will see Format International and FMS join its software businesses together and operate as a separate part of the Cargill Animal Nutrition business. FMS currently has more than 12 000 users and provides formulation and operations solutions to the feed industry.  According to a recent press release from Cargill, the acquisition has created a unique opportunity to create world-class formulation solutions, as well the ability to provide customers with an even more comprehensive range of products and services. However, Cargill has assured Format International’s existing customers and its employees that they will benefit not only from Cargill’s scale and animal nutrition expertise, but also from working with a company that shares their values. “What impresses me about Cargill is its high ethical standards, sustainable business practices and valuesbased culture, focused on customers, employees and communities,” said Merryl Webster, former managing director, Format International. Milling and Grain Magazine recently spoke with Merryl to learn how December’s marriage with Cargill will affect their existing user-base, as well as how she believes the arrangement will work going forward.

Want more industry news? Get daily news updates on the Global Miller blog

34 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

These must be slightly unfamiliar times for Format International, with the company having previously been an independent entity. With this in mind, does Format International currently have any plans to launch any new products over the next year or so? Yes. In fact we’ve just released a new version of Format iNDIGO™ and of NC™ software, both of which have wonderful new features included. Full details will be presented to users at the upcoming User Group meeting. We have exciting plans for new products and the merger with Cargill brings the opportunity to present new products to our user-base, which have been developed by our colleagues in the US and which we believe can bring value. Will this new product be available to everyone, or do you believe that any new software will be made available to both Format International’s and Cargill’s existing customers? Absolutely, yes. It has been a number of months now since the acquisition of Format International by Cargill, have you seen any wholesale changes in your working practices since this happened?  It’s still very early days. We are expecting that there will be some back-office changes such as hardware and some internal systems. In terms of our service to customers, it’s absolutely business as usual, and over time; we’ll enhance the offering from a basis that is stronger as a result of the new relationship. In your opinion, do you believe that Format International’s customers have experienced any change (good or bad) since the acquisition?  Format’s clients haven’t experienced any change in the way that they relate to the team, to the support services or to the products.   We can give complete assurances concerning client confidentiality, protection of IP and our total commitment to continuing and enhancing our services.  It’s our intention and expectation that any changes over time will be only for the better.

One Source. One Solution.

k l a t s ’ t e Labout GRAIN S N O I T U


Talk to the people who listen to your needs for grain handling, grain storage and grain conditioning solutions tailored to your operation • Local system sales & field service representatives worldwide • Responsive engineering and technical support • Complete range of bins, conveyors and accessories • Premium quality Lambton-built components and systems

Celebrating 50 Years

For more information about Lambton:

Tel: +1 519.627.8228 Toll Free: +1 888.239.9713 (North America)



The IAOM is proud to announce that the Fundamentals of Milling courses will once again be held at Ocrim’s International School of Milling Technology this coming April, in Cremona, Italy.

IAOM’s Fundamentals of Milling The Ocrim school and training center, located in the center of Ocrim’s manufacturing workshops, allows participants to take advantage of a classroom setting with a nearby lab, as well as a full machine production center. In addition, a small pilot mill is available, all these resources combining to both complement and deepen expertise in mill processing. The two courses Fundamentals of Milling I and Fundamentals of Milling II, are both instructed by Dr Jeff Gwirtz of JAG Services.Dr Gwirtz taught the courses last year and has also provided exceptional consultant and volunteer services to IAOM over the years. The courses are designed for those who are closely associated with flour milling plant operations and those who are directly associated with flour milling plant operations, respectively. Fundamentals of Milling I will be offered April 11-15 (registration closes March 11, 2016). This technical training course is intended for employees, supervisors and managers closely associated with flour milling plant operations. Participants will be introduced to general flour milling plant operations including the grain elevator, cleaning, conditioning, milling, packaging and warehouse departments. Special focus will be placed on grain cleaning, conditioning and milling equipment role in the milling process and system flow sheets. Wheat quality characteristics as well as the

cleaning and condition impact on mill processing will be qualitatively explored. Flour quality specifications and quality measurements will be identified for basic bakery product systems. In addition to lecture and discussions, participants will be engaged in hands on laboratory and pilot scale milling exercises. Fundamentals of Milling II will be offered April 18-22 (registration closes March 11, 2016). This technical training course is intended for employees, supervisors and managers directly associated with flour milling plant operations. Participants will be introduced to a variety of technical and economic analytical tools for milling process evaluation. Technical tools to be presented include product granulation, cumulative ash, step chart development, and flow sheet equipment allocation analysis. Economic tools to be discussed include yield management, divide milling, and the impact of moisture on profitability. The impact of wheat quality characteristics, cleaning, and conditioning on mill operations will be quantitatively explored. Selected roller mill grinding, sifting, and purification variables will be examined in depth and special emphasis will be put on mill balance and troubleshooting skill development during hands on laboratory and pilot scale milling exercises. The registration fee includes; tuition, laboratory fees, books, special instruction, materials, transportation, and lunch on class days; fees do not include lodging and evening meals. One course for an IAOM Member is € 1,950, and for a Non- Member it is € 2,050. Two courses for an IAOM Member is € 3,700, and for a NonMember it is € 3,900. With regards to lodging - Ocrim has reserved a block of rooms at the Hotel Continental with a special rate for course participants. This rate includes breakfast. Students will be responsible for their hotel, meals outside of the course, incidentals, and travel to and from Cremona.

Flour Milling Training Seven steps to success Safety, Health and Hygiene

● Internationally recognised distance learning programme ● Developed for millers by industry professionals ● Studied every year by hundreds of millers worldwide

Wheat and the Screenroom Mill Processes and Performance Product Handling, Storage and Distribution Flour Power and Automation Flour Milling Management

Enrol students and you will benefit from more knowledgeable and competent millers and colleagues, with consequent improvements in performance.

To enrol or find out more, contact: nabim 21 Arlington Street London SW1A 1RN UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7493 2521 Fax: +44 (0)20 7493 6785 email: Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 39

TCQY63 drum sieve

PRODUCT FOCUS FEBRUARY 2016 In every edition of Milling and Grain, we take a look at the products that will be saving you time and money in the milling process.

TCQY63 drum sieve by Yongxiang is designed to clean raw material in rice milling plant and feedstuff plant, mainly removing large impurities such as stalks, hemptwist, clods, fragments of brick and stone and other pollutants, so as to ensure the rice is of the highest quality and prevent the equipment from be damaged. TCQY63 drum sieve can handle a large capacity at a low power. Only a small area is required for the machine and with easily replaceable parts, such as the screen, it is a compact, relatively low maintenance machine.

Chief Caldwell Heaters Chief are dedicated to supplying crop drying products that are safe, reliable, and less costly to the end user. Designed to work in combination with either axial, centrifugal or inline fans, Caldwell heaters are adaptable. Fueled by natural gas and liquid or vapour propane they are available in upstream and downstream models. Caldwell heaters boast: Easy access service door and control box. Heavy gauge galvanized housings built to last. High and low temperature configurations. Nine models of electric humidity controllers. Models manufactured to CSA 3.82014 Standard and listed with CSA are available.

SEE THIS AT: Check out Chief Agri/ Industrial, a division of Chief Industries Inc, at GEAPS Exchange 2016 this February. With over 60 years of experience, Chief offers customers a wide range of products and the expertise to serve their individual needs. Come and find them at booth 1769 to talk about their products!

Famsun SZLH Series Pellet Mill The SZLH Series Pellet Mill (V4/V6) offers distinguished pelleting stability. To enable long term stable production the SZLH Series Pellet Mill (V4/V6) has a unique double-timing belt driving and cooling system which output the same torque simultaneously. There is also a sectional ring die clamper for fixing the ring die firmly onto the rotor, as well as a widened supporting area for the main shaft. The optimized feed-to-pellet deflector structure, widened ring die working area allow for a consistently high output and low energy consumption. With its user-friendly hydraulic system for die change and roller adjustment, autolubrication system and overload and door protection the SZLH Series Pellet Mill (V4/V6) can boast enhanced safety. All ensuring a superior pellet quality. 40 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Granolino II whole kernel quick moisture tester The Granolino II will provide most accurate moisture readings within seconds for a wide variety of products. The keypad has only 5 keys for intuitive operation without training. There are calibration curves for several kinds of grain, which have been evaluated in Agromatic laboratories by means of a drying cupboard, are integrated in the Granolino II. The Flow thru Design allows the performance of quick, fully-automatic measurements. Simply select your product – pour a sample into the hopper until accoustic signal appears – then the Granolino II will load the sample, perform a measurement and unload the product sample automatically. The unit will display humidity and temperature on the easy to read alphanumerical LCD display in english, german, french or italian.



A good quality flour begins with efficient wheat cleaning. Sieving or screening to remove foreign bodies from a top quality grain is of the utmost importance. The removal of these foreign bodies, such as dust and other fine and course impurities, from the wheat can be tackled in a variety of manners. Grain separators like the Grain Separator TCSI from Alapala removes fine and course impurities from cereal cayopses by using a sifting action. Of course it is not simply applicable to flour, due to its adjustable speed and inclinable screen, it can be used as a multilateral grain-cleaning machine. The Grain Separator TCSI can boast many application fields including, but not exclusive to, flour and semolina mills, cereals cleaning and collaboration centres, malt factories, feed mills, cereal storage silos and other similar industrial plants. Structurally, the vibrating motors provide the oscillation for the separator. This vibrating structure is supported by elastic shockabsorbing elements, containing the sifting body with two rows of sieve pairs. The sieves are held in place by steel or wooden made sieve frames, which come equipped with easily replaceable perforated plates. The sieve covers are self-cleaning by means of rubber balls. The grain feed is also self-adjusting, but for personal solace there is also transparent plexi-glass panels for checking cereal strata. The working principle of the Grain Separator TCSI is as follows; the vibrating process is maintained by means of vibro-motors, which are placed in the center of gravity of the machine. The grain feeding chamber and body, which are mounted on the rubber shock absorbers by vibrating together and driven by vibromotors, convey the product into midsection of inlet. The grain is separated uniformly on the entire surface of the screen by means of an adjustable regulating gate. If it is necessary, for better product flow another adjustable regulating gate can be fixed to the inlet of the screen. When the grain passes through from the first screen to the second one, larger size impurities or foreign particles are kept by the first screen and directed to coarse offal discharge line. Then, the cleaned product is transported to an air canal or tarar. Specific advantages of Alapala’s Grain Separator TCSI are that,

Grain Separator - TCSI for low energy consumption, it boasts a high capacity output, thus can claim advanced efficiency. The ‘self- cleaning’ features and trouble free operation, by way of vibro-motors, accredit it with easy and low key maintenance, and the adjustable inclination (angle) of the screen (grades ranging from 2 – 12) reinforce this notion of efficiency as it can be used for any kind of cereals. The quick and easy replacement of screens and practical cleaning possibility, durability and long lifetime, and noiseless working condition improves and expands sieving capabilities and efficiencies. Ever advancing technology seeks to maximise equipment utilisation, decrease energy consumption and above all improve the quality of the flour, cereals and grains produced. At a time where food standards and safety are of paramount importance such advancements in technology yield a safer higher quality end product for the consumer.

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 41




Millers essential to public health success story Fortifying flour is a great public health success story. Millers add vitamins and minerals to their products, and consumers increase their nutrient intake while eating foods they enjoy. In turn, the population greatly reduces its risk of debilitating anemia from nutritional deficiencies and devas tating birth defects from insufficient folic acid.

42 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain


uccess is only achieved if flour fortification is well implemented and monitored. Unfortunately these two criteria are not always met. A study published in 2015 estimated that less than half the samples from 20 national food fortification programs in 12 countries met the country’s fortification standard for the relevant staple food. Food inspectors are typically in charge of monitoring flour mills, according to Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. At the same time, flour millers are responsible for quality implementation. The Food Fortification Initiative (FFI) offers the following suggestions for flour millers to be sure that their products are adequately and consistently fortified. Following these steps will help ensure that fortification meets the public health expectations: Premix Procurement: Choose reputable premix manufacturers which use high-quality nutrients. The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) maintains a list of premix suppliers that meet quality requirements ( Premix Receiving: When premix is delivered, inspect the box to be sure the content has not been damaged in shipment. Confirm that the nutrient content indicated on the certificate of analysis matches what was ordered. Premix Storage: Keep premix away from sunlight, excessive heat and humidity, and potential water damage. Premix Supply: Use the oldest premix first. Also, regularly compare the amount of premix used to the rate of flour produced. Unusual increases or decreases in the amount of premix used indicate problems in fortification procedures. Feed Rate: Check the premix feeder or dosifier hourly and refill it as needed. Also, weigh the amount of premix discharged by the feeder over one to two minutes then compare the result to the weight of premix expected to be discharged over that period. Do this at least once in every eight-hour shift. Iron Spot Test: Conduct this simple, rapid test to indicate qualitatively whether iron has been added to the flour. The test involves adding a solution of hydrochloric acid, hydrogen peroxide, and potassium thiocyanate to a flour sample. In a few minutes, dark spots will appear if the flour has been fortified with iron. The presence of iron in fortified flour is considered a proxy

F for other nutrients that were included in the premix. The iron spot test is formally Method 40-40.01: Iron Qualitative Method as approved by the American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC). The spot test works well for ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumarate, and electrolytic iron. When flour is fortified with sodium iron EDTA (NaFeEDTA), the test works when hydrogen peroxide is not used as a reagent. Outside Testing: Periodically send fortified flour samples to laboratories to be sure that all the specified nutrients are present in the correct amounts. This requires sophisticated equipment and careful adherence to protocols because the level of vitamins and minerals is very small compared to the volume of flour. Some milling associations or large milling companies have centralized laboratories for this work. Keeping accurate records of these procedures will be useful when regulatory authorities audit the mill for compliance with the national fortification standard. More importantly for public health, these steps will give millers confidence that they are investing in the well-being of their families, their staff, and their customers. Wheat and maize flours are commonly fortified with iron to prevent anemia from iron deficiency. When asked what it felt like to have anemia, people compared it to walking in quicksand and having constant jet lag. In addition, iron deficiency limits a child’s cognitive development which affects future earning potential, and it contributes to 20% of all maternal deaths. Anemia from iron deficiency is not confined to lower-income countries. Iron deficiency is “the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in the world,” according to WHO. WHO estimates that 42% of anemia in children, 49% of anemia in non-pregnant women of child-bearing age, and 50% of

anemia in pregnant women ages 15-49 years is related to iron deficiency. That translates to 114.7 million children, 243.2 million non-pregnant women of child-bearing age, and 16.2 million pregnant women with anemia from iron deficiency. Imagine that each non-pregnant woman with anemia is 1.65 meters tall. Now imagine all these women standing head to toe – they would be able to reach the moon and circle it. Whether fortification was effective against this widespread health problem was the subject of two studies published in 2015. One study published in July showed that countries which fortify wheat flour alone or in combination with maize flour show a 2.4% decrease in anemia each year. A second study published in October provided little evidence that fortification improved anemia prevalence. The difference was that most countries in the first study followed WHO recommendations for fortifying flour with iron; most evaluations in the second study did not. The WHO recommendations are based on the type of flour and the amount of flour that is available daily for human consumption. The recommendations take into account issues of sensory changes from fortification and bioavailability of various iron compounds. As the two studies illustrated, following the recommendations is more likely to have a health impact than fortifying with an iron compound that is not easily absorbed or using too little iron. Only four iron compounds are included in WHO recommendations for wheat and maize flour fortification: ferrous fumarate, ferrous sulfate, sodium iron EDTA, and electrolytic iron. Sodium iron EDTA is the only compound recommended for use in flour with an extraction rate greater than 80%. The phytate content of such high extraction flour is likely to inhibit the absorption of other iron compounds. Also, electrolytic iron is only recommended where at least 150 grams of flour per

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 43


Image courtesy of the Š US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Assuming each woman is 1.6 meters tall; each female figure above represtents 15 million women. Number of women of reproductive age with anemia reported in The Global Prevalence of Anemia in 2011, published by World Health Organisation in 2015. Photo from NASA Earth Observatory

Iron spot test - The red dots in the flour sample indicate that the flour has been fortified with iron, and that is considered a proxy for the other nutrients that were in the premix. Photo courtesy of ŠFFI.

person per day are available for human consumption. If wheat flour availability is lower than that, the amount of electrolytic iron needed for the desired health impact might cause sensory problems in the flour. Another nutrient commonly added to flour is folic acid, which is a form of vitamin B9. Everyone needs this nutrient for cell reproduction. Women who may become pregnant especially need 44 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

folic acid to reduce the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs). These birth defects include spina bifida which causes permanent loss of sensation and varying degrees of paralysis. Another NTD called anencephaly is the result of a malformed brain, and it is always fatal. A rare NTD is encephalocele in which part of the brain protrudes through the skull. The neural tube forms within the first few weeks after conception, and women may not realize they are pregnant during this time. If they wait until the pregnancy is confirmed to take folic acid supplements, it may be too late for folic acid to have its protective effect. Adding folic acid to flour, on the other hand, helps ensure that women have enough folic acid as they enter the pregnancy and throughout the critical first few weeks. Every country that studied its birth defect prevalence showed a decline in NTDs after fortification. One analysis showed that the average drop in NTD birth prevalence after fortification was 46%. The most recent example is from Brazil which recorded a 30% decline in NTDs after fortification. Another benefit to preventing NTDs is healthcare savings. People with spina bifida can lead productive lives, but they may need a lifetime of surgeries and treatments. Some countries have compared the cost of fortification with healthcare expenditures averted when spina bifida is prevented. The cost:benefit ratios reported were 1:12 in Chile and 1:30 in South Africa. A recent study in the United States showed that the cost savings were US$ 603 million more than the cost of fortification. Currently 79 countries have national mandates that require fortifying wheat flour, maize flour, and/or rice with folic acid. Yet less than 30% of the world’s industrially milled wheat flour is fortified, according to FFI. About 48% of industrially milled maize flour is fortified, but the proportion of maize flour that is industrially milled is low. Less than 1% of industrially milled rice is fortified. In addition to the actions listed above for internal quality control, millers can take several steps to make progress with flour fortification. First, if your country already has legislation to fortify flour, compare the standard with WHO recommendations which are available in six languages. See table one for recommended levels of five nutrients based on the amount of wheat flour that is available for human consumption. Notice that the iron and zinc recommendations are different for high and low extraction flours. The estimates are also based on grain availability. Those estimates from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations are on the country profiles on the FFI website. Countries may want to include nutrients that are not in the WHO recommendations in their fortifition standards. For example, many countries include the B vitamins niacin, riboflavin, and thiamin in flour fortification. On the other hand, many countries do not include vitamin A in flour fortification even though it is included in the WHO recommendations because they fortify adequately fortify cooking oil or sugar with vitamin A. Contact FFI at for assistance in developing an appropriate flour fortification standard. If your country does not have a fortification mandate, participate in a National Fortification Alliance to promote fortification. Information from the milling industry will help ensure that a country develops standards that are feasible to implement. Contact FFI at info@ to find out if your country has a National Fortification Alliance or other group advocating for fortification. For more information on internal quality control and fortifying flour to prevent nutritional anemia and neural tube birth defects, see the FFI website.


175 years of sound British engineering


by Lyndsey Filby, Christy Turner, UK

n 2012 Christy Turner celebrated 175 years of supplying high quality, robust and reliable flaking mills, hammer mills, pulverisers and associated plant equipment for industries around the world that process food for humans, feed for humans animals, biomass, waste recycling, minerals, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. By combining years of experience with innovative ideas, the latest design tools, top quality materials and sound engineering, Christy Turner still manufacture their machines on the very same site in Ipswich; where the E R & F Turner brand was established back in 1837. Created by the merging of E R & F Turner, Christy & Norris and Miracle Mills, Christy Turner Ltd boasts an international reputation for producing high quality British engineering as well as innovation in the milling industry. This reputation has been forged by the company’s apparent

46 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

willingness to combine generations of manufacturing skills and expertise with modern technological advances. In doing so, Christy Turner have continued to produce the machines of choice for manufacturers around the globe. For example, over 90 percent of the machines used by UK cereal giant Weetabix at Burton, Latimer & Corby sites are Christy Turner’s E R & F Turner Flaking Mills.

Generations old reputation for robust, durable machines

What are the reasons behind Christy Turner’s longevity? It could their reputation for robust, durable machines and spares and servicing, coupled with their innovative and dynamic approach to the ever-changing milling. Managing Director Chris Jones believes that the company’s focus on innovation has been the key ingredient in Christy Turner maintaining their position as a market leader. “We are constantly working to improve the machinery we supply and the parts that go with them across all our machines; whether that is looking for the highest possible grade materials to make the toughest possible hammer parts or using modern technology to produce machines” that come equipped with “intuitive control panels for ease of use, helping overcome language barriers.” Chris Jones also believes that it is vital that Christy Turner embrace any new materials or technology when they become available so that they are able to quickly deliver these benefits to our customers. “To determine the optimum milling solution we have access to


test records and reports from the 1940s to the present day. When combined with the latest advances in technology and materials, it is not surprising that our machines remain market leaders.” Jones believes that Christy Turner have “worked hard to gain an excellent reputation for supplying countries around the world with durable, versatile equipment of the highest standard and we are committed to maintaining this position.”

Currently wholly owned by the Gosling family, Christy Turner’s trio of leading engineering brands have each helped shape the UK’s milling landscape and played an important role in the country’s esteemed milling history.

Establishing the E R & F Turner brand

Although E R & F Turner are currently most famous for their



FAMILY OWNED SINCE 1919 T: +1 270-631-1303

Ad_allState.indd 3

E: Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 47 17/12/2015



600, 550 and 460 model flaking mills that are all designed for flaking breakfast cereals and are also widely used across the animal feed industry. However, the longest-established of Christy Turner’s core brands was established back when brothers Edward Rush and Frederick Turner began making steam engines from St Peter’s Works in Ipswich. The company pioneered machine engine design and in 1851 exhibited its own portable steam engine design to more than six million visitors at the famous Great Exhibition, held at Crystal Palace. The exhibition put Turner’s on the world stage and helped them attract a world-wide reputation as esteemed engine builders and boiler makers. The portable steam engine of 4-horse power was cutting edge technology. Subsequent successes included the introduction of its traction engine in 1865. Throughout the 19th Century, Turners were gainfully employed

The Introduction of Roller Mills and the Demise of Stone

Then in 1846, Mr Turner entered into a contract to fit up a complete steam driven flour millstone system for the eminent miller Mr Joseph Fison of Ipswich. Sixteen years later, in 1862, they manufactured from the designs of Mr G A Buckholz, a Prussian Engineer, another milling plant for Mr Fison which included roller mills, which is believed to be the first of its kind in England. This system enabled the bran and germ to be separated from the flour to meet the increasing demand for whiter and lighter flours. During this period, two major changes were taking place, roller mills were replacing mill stones and electric motors were replacing steam engines. The demand for flour milling development was also being stimulated by imported flours from Hungary that were said to be of a much such superior quality. The Hungarians were producing superior flour using horizontal rolling mills that could produce finer more consistent flour. To fully understand the pioneering system, a milling expert named Mr J Harrison Carter and Pierson Turner travelled to Hungary to investigate these mills. Upon their return ER & F Turner conceived a new range of milling machinery. By 1888 ER & F Turner were designing and producing their own roller mills mills that could crush seeds and beans for their oil, and maize, to create cornflakes and other breakfast cereal.

Turners: equipping millers across the globe

An original E R & F Turner Flaking Mill E R & F Turner 600 Breakfast Cereal with integral conveyor

manufacturing agricultural machinery, steam engines and boilers, with their main customers being flour millers and animal feed processors. The development of the steam engine allowed for increased innovation and greater efficiency into many forms of agriculture and early food processing. Up to that time milling had been carried out using either wind or water power. However, the steam engine was now able to power the operation of a number of different machines to be used continuously without relying on wind or water. Even back then, ER & F Turner was at the forefront of the new technology. 48 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

For the 20 years that followed, a considerable number of mills were equipped with Turner’s products, including engines and boilers, transmission gears and drive shafts. In 1908 Turners decided to discontinue the manufacture of steam engines and boilers to make way for the growing demands of its milling business. The success at this time necessitated the acquisition of further premises which became known as Greyfriars Works. In addition to flour milling machinery the firm manufactured and erected the first complete maize flaking plant for animal feed in the UK. The outbreak of war in 1914 saw an immediate response from the company. Arthur Leggett (then works manager, later to become managing director and in 1932 owner) conceived the idea of a single purpose lathe for the accurate production of shell bodies. These were so successful that some 2,000 similar machines were produced for plants in all parts of the country. Following the end of the war, demand for manufactured products and agricultural machinery collapsed and all UK engineering companies went through very tough times. The manufacturing of military hardware had kept their factories during the war years, then suddenly came to an end. The large export markets which had sustained these companies before the war had now either been lost or were greatly diminished. A number of leading companies in the region were struggling and following discussions, in June 1919, formed Agricultural & General Engineers Ltd (AGE) working on a ‘together we are stronger’ premise. AGE combined 14 companies, including E R & F Turner, and took over the entire share capital of the companies. Others included Barford and Perkins of Peterborough, E H Bentall of Maldon, Peter Brotherhood of Peterborough, Bull Motors of Stowmarket, Davey Paxman of Colchester and Richard Garrett of Leiston. In 1921, an advertisement in The Miller Magazine listed the company’s products as flour milling machinery, maize milling and flaking machinery, wheat and maize cleaning machinery, grinding mills and chilled iron rolls.


ER & F Turner relocate to Foxhall Road site, Ipswich.

In 1922, ER & F Turner purchased a nine acre site on Foxhall Road in Ipswich that had previously been occupied by Valley Brickworks. It was to here that they began the lengthy process of moving the works from their town centre site in College Street to the new premises. The original St Peter’s Work’s site included the famous Wolsey’s Gate, and on vacating the premises, the firm presented the Gate to the town of Ipswich. By 1932 AGE was suffering from a desperate shortage of liquidity and a receiver was appointed. Each constituent company was then sold off separately by the receiver and in most cases back to the original owner. The firm underwent a reorganisation under the Chairmanship of Mr Arthur Leggett and E R & F Turner became independent once again, while also acquiring Bull Motors Ltd. The new premises offered the opportunity to re-plan production on the most up-to-date lines and to consolidate the firm’s electric motor production and milling machinery production onto one site and in 1937 they opened the new factory in Foxhall Road. It was around this time that the landscape of breakfast cereal market was undergoing a transformation. In addition to the traditional porridge oats, other products were now being introduced to the UK. In 1937 Turners supplied its first flaking mills to Weetabix Ltd, which laid the foundations of a significant working relationship with the breakfast giants; which it continues today.

E R & F Turner through World War II

The outbreak of the Second World War found E R & F Turner well prepared to meet the heavy demands that were to be made for its products to contribute to the armaments programme. As well as making their turning lathes for shells, a quarter of a

A view of St Peter’s works in Ipswich

million electric motors were manufactured by the firm during the war years. They included motors for radar equipment, bomber flap operating gear, electrical transmitters and generating sets. On the milling side, Turner’s long experience of seed cleaning plant was also being put to good use during the war years, enabling the country to produce products it once relied on imports for, including the separating, cleaning and drying of flax. Another application of the company’s experience in this field was the manufacture and installation of large numbers of drying, cleaning and storage plants for grain. With the introduction of combine harvesting this equipment became essential to the UK’s home food production.

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 49

E R & F Turner and Post War Austerity

Following the Second World War, E R & F Turner invested in improving their milling products by introducing a new totally enclosed flour roller mill and a completely new flaking mill with improved bearing design and lubrication. The 1960’s once again sparked turbulent times for the business and saw considerable changes in ownership and management. The Leggett family that had owned and run the company since 1932, first under the stewardship of Mr Arthur Leggett and then his two sons Alan and Percy, decided to retire. As a result the business was sold in 1966 to an investment company, Forgeway Finance, at a time when corporate asset stripping was par for the course. Forgeway liquidated a lot of the property and E R & F Turner again was set on a new course. On May 1, 1969 the company of E R & F Turner Ltd (incorporating J Harrison Carter), complete with all the drawings, patterns, spare parts and work in progress, was purchased by precision engineers W G Gosling & Sons Ltd; an Ipswich company founded by Walter George Gosling in 1925 and run at that time by his grandsons. The company selling electric motors remained at the Foxhall Road site and became Bull Motors Ltd. The business of E R & T Turner Ltd was relocated to Knightsdale Road, Ipswich, where it stands today. Also included in the sale was the associate company of J. Harrison Carter Limited, which manufactured a wide range of crushing and grinding equipment. During 1970s the first flaking mill made by the new owners was sold to a South African company. Since then larger and more sophisticated mills have been designed, leading to hundreds of flaking mills being manufactured and shipped all over the world.

Adapting throughout the 20th Century and the Birth of the 550 Diameter Flaking Mill

F Norris brand has an equally rich heritage going back to 1858. A leading competitor in the size reduction industry, Christy Hunt (Agricultural) Ltd of Scunthorpe (formally Christy & Norris of Chelmsford) became available in May of 2002 and was bought and relocated to Ipswich at the end of that year, joining an impressive line up of leading UK engineering brands. Fell Christy, the youngest son of a Chelmsford Quaker family, was apprenticed in1853 to Whitmore and Bunyon, renowned millwrights and agricultural engineers based in Wickham Market. With this experience he set up in partnership with his father in 1858, and they established works in Broomfield Road, Chelmsford. In the 1860s Fell Christy, working as an engineer and millwright, travelled widely throughout Britain to service wind and water-mills - gaining a reputation for meticulous care and attention to detail.

The beater type disintegrator is introduced.

In 1872 Fell Christy introduced to the UK the manufacture of the beater type disintegrator, a machine pioneered in the USA. It reduced dry material to powder with great efficiency, and found extensive use in agriculture, milling, food manufacture and other industries. In 1880 with business expanding rapidly, Mr J A Norris was recruited from another Chelmsford firm, and five years later he was taken into partnership to form the firm Christy & Norris. Christy’s son William was taken on in 1897 to concentrate on maintaining the company’s fine reputation as millwrights and mill engineers. The following century saw the company develop its range of hammer mills and pulverizers and expand into complete animal feed plants which they installed around the world. Christy Norris

In the 1980’s, a project led by Simon Foods Ltd to make cornflakes using extruders instead of the traditional process, resulted in the design of a 550 diameter flaking mill. As a result, a lot of machines were then sold to parts of the world where cornflakes had not previously been traditionally eaten. The 1990’s saw computerisation introduced to the flaking mill and a brand new 600mm diameter roller mill was designed incorporating computerised gap control and many other innovative features. This gave a larger roll diameter and higher capacity than the existing 550 mill. Development of this mill continues today with the introduction of intuitive touch screen controls. Christy Turner also launched a simplified version of its E R & F Turner 600 Flaking Mill specifically re-engineered for the animal feed market at Victam earlier this year (2015). The J. Harrison Carter products acquired with E R & F Turner Ltd back in 1969 had resulted in the manufacture of numerous crushing & grinding machines. In January 1986 a London firm, Miracle Mills Ltd of Penge, producing similar machines to the Harrison Carter range, came up for sale and was quickly snapped up by E R & F Turner Ltd. Its relocation to Ipswich enabled the company to combine the skills and engineering expertise of its staff, which led to the development of a new and improved range of hammer mills under the Miracle Mills brand. Miracle Mills currently produces a range of heavy duty swing top hammer mills primarily designed for feed milling but also widely used for grinding waste wood products and more abrasive applications, ideal for reducing products such as waste wood for animal bedding and biomass. The Miracle Mill 300 Series is a range of heavy duty mills with a hardened top section especially suited to particle size reduction of abrasive materials.

The Christy & Norris Brand: Going Strong Since 1858 And last, but by no means least, Christy Turner’s Christy &

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 51


of heavy duty pulverizers used for limestone, plasterboard and general recycling. Over the years thousands of X15 and X26 hammer mills have been made and the industry is very familiar with these models, many still in service today and forming the basis of design for many modern hammer mills, including the current Christy & Norris X mill series. Christy Turner continue to provide supply parts and servicing for all Christy Norris machines, including the Sturtevant Crushers & Beken Mixers.

Christy Turner’s World Famous Spares and Service Department

As well as supplying new and reconditioned machines, Christy Turner also has a spares and service department, delivering everything from machine maintenance advice, on-site servicing, roll regrinding and replacement rolls to wear parts such as beaters, screens, rotor parts, scraper blades, bearings and bearing housings. Businesses looking for high quality flaking equipment for breakfast cereal and animal feed production, hammer mills with a reputation for reliability and longevity or excellent spares and servicing can comfortably place their trust in a trio of Great British brands with a rich heritage of the finest UK engineering. In addition to the machines at Weetabix’s Burton Latimer & Corby sites, E R & F Turner Flaking Mills, are also installed at Weetabix sites in Kenya, South Africa & Canada. Over 650 E R & F Turner Flaking Mills are operational across the globe with mills installed across sites in the UK, Europe, Australia/New Zealand, South America, Middle East, Kenya, South Africa and Canada.

Structural simplification and the appointment of Chris Jones Becomes Managing Director

earned the enviable reputation of being able to build a complete feed mill installation from the ground up. The company’s diversification continued still further in the 1980s, when Christy’s acquired the businesses of Beken Engineering and Sturtevant Engineering Ltd. Shortly after the company became one of the UK’s most renowned manufacturers of size reduction machinery, producing a full range of the original Christy & Norris pulverizers and hammer mills, Beken mixers and Sturtevant crushers.

The Acquisition of the Hunt and Co. Works

In 1985 Christy & Norris Ltd acquired the company of R Hunt & Co, and moved from its Chelmsford factory to the R Hunt & Co works in Earls Colne, creating the combined company of Christy Hunt Ltd. This union did not prove successful and the attraction of the large Earls Colne Works for housing proved too great and in 1988 the works was closed and the Christy & Norris and R Hunt & Co product ranges were sold to Bentall Simplex, a Scunthorpe company. In May 2002 Christy Hunt Agricultural Ltd, whose foundations were laid in Essex, was brought back to East Anglia by the Goslings. Under the Christy Turner umbrella, and reverting to its original brand name, Christy & Norris currently offers a range of high speed dual rotation swing beater hammer mills with direct drive, including the X380, X660 and X960, ideal for grinding cereals for livestock feed, pet food and aquatic feed; size reduction of wood waste for animal bedding or pelleting and size reduction of biomass materials for power generation. It also produces a range 52 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

In 2004, an effort was made to simplify the company administration. E R & F Turner, Christy Hunt and Miracle Mills were combined by the Goslings into one trading company called Christy Turner Ltd. However, the consolidation process did lead to some confusion for customers; with some thinking the historic brands no longer existed. This year Christy Turner embarked on an important rebrand across its business to reclaim its rich heritage and ensure E R & F Turner, Christy & Norris and Miracle Mills continue to benefit from their own hard-earned reputations, while trading under the Christy Turner umbrella. A new and updated web site allows customers to view all the products now available across its extensive range which is a veritable one-stop shop for most milling needs. In January 2013, Chris Jones became Managing Director of Christy Turner Ltd, he was also joined by Mags Humphrey as Finance Director. The company remains wholly owned by the Gosling family with Ron Gosling as Chairman. Bringing business experience from outside the industry the new appointments were made to introduce fresh new leadership and re-invigorate product development to continue the work and safeguard the legacy of those early innovators who started the Christy Turner journey almost 200 years ago.

What Does the Future Have in Store For Christy Turner

While continuing to provide support for its legacy equipment, Christy Turner is also committed to furthering the evolution of its range of machines and maintain an ambitious development program to ensure its machines remain market leaders in their field. With the consolidation process firmly established the last 10 years has seen the company go from strength to strength.


can do (almost) anything Possibilities of modern NIR systems as exemplified by Bühler’s Multi Online Analyser MYRG by Thomas Ziolko, Marketing and Product Manager, Grain Milling, Bühler and Juste Hahne, Chemometrics, Grains & Food Automation, Bühler


he latest generation of near-infrared systems for online measurements in grain, flour and semolina open up new possibilities regarding gluten, water absorption and starch damage. These allow millers to optimise flour production directly and individually. The grain processing industry has been using the near-infrared system (NIR) to continuously monitor the contents of raw, intermediate and end products for years. More and more companies are now using the advantages NIR technology offers for optimising processes in real time. NIR analysis makes it possible to assure consistent product quality, and it makes a substantial contribution to the profitability of a mill. The evolution of the NIR machine ultimately means that previous temporal restrictions and expenditures associated with laboratory tests and raw materials are a thing of the past.

New generation of NIR

The first generation of NIR equipment focused on analysing protein content, moisture and ash. These parameters were and are the ‘classics’ of most online systems. In addition, however, there are other quality parameters that require compliance by the mills. For example, in wheat flour the amount of gluten, the flour’s ability to absorb water, or the extent to which the starch has been damaged, are important factors. Older generations of online NIR systems were only able to determine these parameters with insufficient accuracy and reproducibility. By employing photodiode arrays (diode array, DA), as in Bühler’s NIR Multi Online Analyzer MYRG, the latest generation of NIR systems offers new possibilities for such additional parameters and thus new potential for millers. 54 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

The NIR Multi Online Analyser MYRG is further distinguishable by its durability and reliability, a claim reinforced by some of its new features. The compact measurement probes of the latest generation NIR are suited to the retrofitting of existing production systems and it is the only probe actually located in the production environment. The control cabinet with its centralised spectrometer provides ideal protection of the optical and electronic components. There is also the possibility to add a probe for colour and speck measurement to the same centralised system The real time monitoring aspect is one of the major advantages of Bühler’s new NIR system. The NIR units are extremely easy to use once they are calibrated. Anyone can do measurements with NIR units, compared to traditional reference method in the lab, where a trained chemistry technician is needed. Immediate corrective action is thus applied to the ongoing production process without the need to wait for laboratory value, giving you protein, ash, and moisture values in a matter of a few seconds. These additional calibrations eliminate long periods of waiting for laboratory results and correctional measures can be performed without delay, while simultaneously driving down costs

Possibilities for NIR

Near-infrared spectroscopy is very well suited for determining the dominant contents in organic materials such as food and feed products. But to do so, an NIR system needs not only good hardware in order to function reliably, but a good mathematical model (calibration) to determine the properties of an unknown product. The most important and NIR-active biochemical components, such as water, starch, protein and fat, can be modeled (or calibrated) without difficulty. However, other physical or biochemical product properties can also be correlated with the

F NIR spectra as long as they are dependent on the combination of the dominant contents and other properties such as particle size distribution. An example of this is the ability of flour to absorb and retain water during the making of dough. The ability to absorb water depends on the volume and quality of the protein, the condition of the starch grains and the particle size distribution, among other things.

Table 1 Wheat Flour Parameters

Reference Method

Moisture Protein Ash

TGA 701 @900°C


Target SEP

TGA 701 @130°C

7 – 16 %

0.20 %

Dumas / Kjeldahl

8 – 23 %dm

0.25 %

0.3 – 0.9 % dm

0.03 %

0.9 – 2.5 % dm

0.05 %

ICC 137

18 – 47 %mb14%

0.7 %

Brabender Farinogram

47 – 85 %mb14%

1.0 %

Chopin SDmatic AACC 76-33

5 – 31 UCD

1.0 UCD

Sandstedt & Mattern AACC 76-30

3.5 – 17 %

0.8 %

Wet gluten

Limits of NIR

Only those characteristics which actually leave information in the NIR spectra and correlate with them can be calibrated. An example of this is the so-called “sample” which is used to evaluate the activity of certain enzymes in the flour. NIR technology is only conditionally suited for lower ranges of concentration. It is technically impossible to calibrate enzymes for NIR because it takes only few ppm enzymes in the flour to become active. For generating NIR calibrations, the breadth of data is decisive for accuracy and the sturdiness of the model. Models can only predict products if their characteristics have already been included in the model itself. On the one hand, it is essential to cover the entire range of features that are to be measured because the models are not allowed to extrapolate. On the other hand, any disturbance factors, such as specific product characteristics (particle size, temperatures, source, chemical composition), the instrumentation used and the surroundings, must also be taken into consideration along with the characteristics which are supposed to be measured. For the best calibration, several hundred samples can easily become necessary under these conditions.

Water absorption

Starch damage

The future of NIR

Currently NIR is not a method for trace analysis and many believe it would be beneficial to be able to measure parameters in ppm or ppb concentration. More importantly, perhaps, is the notion that every NIR unit needs a calibration to get quantitative and qualitative results. The calculation of such a calibrations is based on chemometric software tools which needs resources and expert knowhow to be used.


In order to compare spectra and samples, data must be prepared and calculated using certain algorithms (chemometry). The preparation of the spectra data using various mathematical functions depends on the product itself

Digital Microwave Moisture Measurement World Leaders - World Class


Hydro-Probe XT

Hydronix digital microwave sensors provide a precise, accurate method of measuring moisture in real time during the processing of animal feed, cereals and grains.

• Install in chutes, ducts, under silos, in mixers or before / after grain dryers • Easy integration into new or existing systems • Not affected by dust or colour • Temperature stable

Milling and Grain half page horizontal 190 x 132 plus 3mm bleed.indd 1

Stand 175

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 55

12/01/2016 11:05:20

F as well as the hardware being used and is necessary for better separation of the interesting information (such as the protein contents) from the uninteresting information (such as particle size distribution). Various possibilities exist which fall under the skill set of chemometricians. The quantitative calibration models are usually calculated with the PLS (partial least squares) algorithm which searches for the largest differences in spectra and links these with the characteristics to be calibrated.

NIR systems at work

The accuracy of an online NIR measurement system is usually indicated by SEP (standard error of prediction). SEP is a random standard error which is found between the reference laboratory and the online measurement during at least 20 validation measurements. The random error in NIR (SEP) cannot be smaller than the random error of the lab (SEL) since the calibration is based on the data from the reference laboratory. For inhomogeneous samples, where taking a representative sampling is already a large problem, an online NIR measurement can be significantly more accurate simply because of the size of the sample volume. NIR devices require constant adjusting. First, the hardware (i.e., the light source, measuring window) must be frequently checked, and secondly, the NIR calibrations themselves also need regular monitoring and expanding since the product can undergo a natural change in an unknown direction after a certain amount of time.   One of the main differences in the Multi NIR concept is that there is one centralised spectrometer onto which can be added up to six probes, allowing for NIR measurement in various places throughout a mill.


The protein content in wheat flour consists of 90 percent gluten (gluten protein). The important proteins in gluten are gliadin and glutenin in equal portions. Gluten is a more or less flexibleelastic substance which results when wheat flour dough is allowed to rise. In other words, it is essentially soaked gliadin and glutenin. Since a higher protein content does not always mean a higher content of gluten, an NIR calibration of gluten can offer a high added value. The gluten contents of wheat flour and its texture are a decisive determinant of the dough’s behavior during kneading and baking. In general: The higher the gluten content, the greater the water absorption, the gas-retention ability and the expected volume of baked product. Good gluten values: 30–34 percent. The reproducibility of lab measurements is 0.4. With the NIR Multi Online Analyzer MYRG, 0.7 is achieved.

Starch damage

‘Starch damage,’ from a scientific point of view, refers to mechanically deformed starch. Compared to intact starch, mechanically deformed starch can absorb five times more water. That makes it the most important factor in water absorption for flour and dough yield besides the protein content. Starch damage occurs during the various passages in the milling process. If the technologist knows the desired degree of starch damage they can adjust the grinding process according to expectations, for example, by dimensioning the roll lengths (the longer, the higher the starch damage) or the grinding pressure. The reproducibility of lab measurements is 0.7. With the NIR Multi Online Analyzer MYRG, 0.8 is achieved.

Water absorption

Water absorption [%] is the amount of water which must be added to a flour in order to achieve a fixed dough consistency of 500 farinograph units (FU). For determining the water absorption capacity, the farinograph from the Brabender company is frequently used in the laboratory. Industrial bakeries need raw materials of consistent quality so that the process doesn’t need constant adjustment. This includes the water absorption capacity of the flour. The water absorption capacity is important for proper dough preparation and controlling the dough during the rising and baking process, among other things. So naturally, the amount of water which is added in the baking process will depend on the water absorption capacity. There are possible corrective measures that a miller can undertake: Adjusting the grinding process, performing various types of conditioning, or adding attrition flour when the water absorption is too low. The reproducibility of lab measurements is 0.8, with the NIR Multi Online Analyzer MYRG, 1.0 is achieved.


Supporters Discover the tremendous potential of emerging markets. Register now!

Visiting Hours 10:30 - 20:00

56 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Table 1 summarizes the accuracy of the various calibration systems which are available with the Bühler NIR Multi Online Analyzer MYRG. A comparison of the SEP values with the accuracies of the lab methods shows that the newest generation of NIR spectrometers can determine additional parameters in continuous production with amazing accuracy.

Do not trust your grain to anything less. When you have customers counting on you,

every structural support to deliver dependable

there is no time for second best. You need grain

performance year after year.

storage, handling, conditioning and structures that are built to last. That is why more grain

BROCK SOLID™ means your grain bins, dryers

elevators and grain processing facilities rely on

and structures will stand up to the challenge.

Brock commercial grain systems.

Contact your Brock dealer today at

We build every panel, every bolt and

Storage | Handling | Conditioning | Structures

+1 574.658.4191



More robust and accurate global figures for feed output in 2015 Milling and Grain congratulates Alltech on producing the most up-to-date, reliable statistics on feed production the industry has access to. The European Feed Manufacturers Association continues to provide in-depth statistics on its 27 member counties in its annual Feed Facts, but this is more a historical record which provides three-yearold figures plus forecasts. Other national associations also collect data, such as the American Feed Industry Association. Others servicing the industry, such as Feed International and AllAboutFeed, have attempted to provide meaningful global figures and did provided a useful service to readers in the past. However, Alltech’s ongoing annual survey, which is right up-to-date and which sees value in the industry having access to accurate figures, has become the record of choice. While there were estimates and missing data in the early years, the 2015 figures – published in January 2016 - are the most accurate yet.


sk and you shall receive. As global disposable income increases, consumers have developed a palate for protein, and, over the past five years the feed industry has delivered. Results from the 2016 Global Feed Survey released in late January by Alltech estimates international feed tonnage now at 995.50 million metric tonnes, a 1.97 percent increase over last year and a 14 percent increase since Alltech first published Global Feed Survey results in 2011 - but still just 4.5 million tonnes short of the one billion tonne mark. The analysis of five-year trends showed growth predominantly from the pig, and poultry feed sectors and intensification of production in the African, Middle Eastern, Latin American and European regions. Aquafeed output shows a year-on-year decline according to these latest figures. Aquafeeds recorded 35.47 million tonnes, down from 41 million tonnes in the figures released for 2014. China still accounts for over 50 percent of all farmed fish

"Aqua feed numbers fall despite global increase in farmed fish production" produced and it’s aquafeed output is between 60-70 percent of the total consumed globally. “Aquafeed numbers don’t reflect the strong growth in this sector. We do not see that in this survey,” admits Aidan Connolly, chief innovation officer of Alltech, who headed up the initiative to conduct the survey when he hosted the news webinar in January. 58 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

“The production of farmed fish exceeds what we see in feed production increases,” he acknowledged. He says this could be due to more efficient farming, better feed conversion ratios and/or better statistics gathering. “Traditionally, there has been a lot of wastage and we see production systems are becoming more efficient,” he added. Regarding statistics gathering, Mr Connolly said that while it has become increasingly easier to collect data and the figures more comprehensive over the years, there always would be difficulties in achieving accuracy and that some estimates had to be used. In addition, this year’s survey cover 32,341 feedmills in total, up form 31,043 for 2014.

The feed barometer

“The feed industry is an excellent barometer of economic health and, based on our five years of data, predicts economic growth more accurately than many other indices,” says Mr Connolly. The Global Feed Survey assesses the compound feed production

"The number of feedmills in China, the United States and Brazil, the first, second and third largest markets has declined" from more than 130 countries through information obtained in partnership with local feed associations and Alltech’s sales team, who visit the 32,341 feed mills annually. The 2016 survey showed poultry feed has the market share and is growing faster than any other species, with 46 percent of total global feed manufactured specifically for broilers, egg layers, turkeys, duck and other fowl. This year’s survey also confirmed that corn and soybean meal are the standard feed ingredients globally.    The top 10 feed producers in the world remained the same: China, the United States, Brazil, Mexico, India, Spain, Russia, Germany, Japan and France. As a region, Europe saw the most growth, up 13 million tonnes over last year, with the largest contributions coming from Russia, Turkey, Belarus and Poland.  Down two percent from last year, China still holds the title of leading feed producer in Alltech’s annual Feed Survey with 179.93 million tonnes manufactured throughout the country’s 8550 feedmills. 

DESIGN DOES MATTER • Behlen puts steel where it counts for outstanding strength and durability. • Largest capacities in the industry better installed cost per ton. • Wide selection of sizes to meet customer needs. UNIQUELY DESIGNED WALL SYSTEM. • Flat-sided trapezoidal corrugation provides a superior weather seal.

EXTRA HEAVY-DUTY TENSION PIPE. • Structural eave tension/ compression ring provides superior resistance to wind damage to silos, full or empty. 800.553.5520 Behlen Mfg. Co. has been ISO registered since 1999.


" This is the third year the world’s leader has reported a consolidation of its feed tonnage production into a smaller number of feedmills" However, this is the third year the world’s leader has reported a consolidation of its feed tonnage production into a smaller number of feedmills. The number of feedmills in the United States and Brazil, the second and third largest markets, also declined. The US produced 172.73 million metric tonnes from 6012 feedmills (6718 mills in 2014) and Brazil manufactured 68.70 million metric tonnes from 1556 feedmills (1698 mills in 2014). According to Mr Connolly, the consolidation of feed production into fewer mills is driven by many factors. “The Chinese, in particular, see a benefit of having fewer feedmills—lower cost, more efficient and easier to control from the perspective of traceability and food safety,” Mr Connolly said. Other notable regional and species statistics from the 2016 Feed Survey are: Europe’s 5545 feed mills, with Russia’s contributions,

" Poultry feed production continues to surge with a 5% increase, now at a total 463.69 million metric tonnes" augmented their production by 22 percent in 2015 compared to the previous year. The Middle East demonstrated a 17 percent increase with 21.438 million tonnes from the region’s 719 mills. Africa, Asia Pacific and Latin America were up 5, 4 and 3 percent respectively while North America remained flat. Pig feed production was down 2 percent, with 253.53 million tonnes. Aqua, with 35.47 million metric tonnes, is down 5 percent this year; although outside of China this figure seems to relate to more accurate data collection and not a specific decline, especially given that aqua has been a grower, up 19 percent overall in the past five years. Equine feed, at 8.22 million tonnes, declined 2 percent compared to 2014. Poultry feed production continues to surge with a 5 percent increase, now at a total 463.69 million metric tonnes. Ruminant feed was also positive with 201.36 million tonnes, a 3 percent 60 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Alabama Catfish Feedmill Llc located in Uniontown, Alabama - Kenneth Mccall |

increase. Pets are up 4 percent at 22.59 million tonnes. “Having met with groups such as the United Nations Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Rome and the International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF), Alltech appreciates how difficult it is to collect and collate this data, but also how valuable it is on our journey to feed a planet with more than nine billion people by 2050,” Mr Connolly said.

“With five years of work behind it, this is the most robust and reliable dataset on the sector available today.” The Global Feed Survey outlines Alltech’s estimate of the world’s feed tonnage and trends and is intended to serve as open information resource for policy and decision makers and industry insiders alike. A summary of the 2016 Alltech Global Feed Survey findings, including a recording of the webinar with Aidan Connolly, a booklet of the results and an interactive map, is available.

"The Global Feed Survey outlines Alltech’s estimate of the world’s feed tonnage and trends and is intended to serve as open information resource for policy and decision makers and industry insiders alike"



EXPORT PORT AND STORAGE FACILITIES Global Industries partners with Terminales Graneleras Uruguayas on Nueva Palmira port expansion project


erminales Graneleras Uruguayas S.A. (TGU), a major company engaged in the international trade of grains and their by-products both in Uruguay and countries included in the Parana-Paraguay Waterway, recently teamed up with Global Industries, Inc to undertake a major expansion of their Export Port and Storage Facilities in Nueva Palmira, Uruguay. Following extensive discussions and research, the two companies determined that the expansion would include multiple grain storage silos, a new dump hopper reception area as well as new material handling equipment to improve both the capacity and functionality of the Land Area facilities. Additionally, the Port Area portion of the facilities would be significantly upgraded with a new ship loader, portable belt conveyors to receive the grain unloaded from river barges, a 600

62 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

MT/h Bulk Weighting Scale System and additional materials handling equipment to transfer the grain from the barges to either the ship loader or the storage facility, and from the storage facility at the Land Area to the ship loader. Before construction could begin, considerable engineering work was required to accommodate the new equipment and support structures. Global Industries’ technical team in conjunction conducted these engineering studies with BILPA S.A. from Montevideo, Uruguay. As part of their research, the existing installation including the complete main concrete tower for the bucket elevators, the metallic structures, and belt conveyors to the port facility, were meticulously photographed, measured and included in the project drawings. A special 3D design was then prepared, showing all of the floor levels of the concrete tower with the existing and new bucket elevators, the existing bulk weighting scale system and the three new incoming/outgoing enclosed belt conveyors.


Further, new spouting was arranged so that the new equipment interconnected with all existing equipment based on the flow diagram provided by TGU. Each spouting piece was designed to gently carry the grain to avoid damage, and self-cleaning spout ends were installed in all long vertical and horizontal spouts. Global Industries provided new standard accessories and spouts,

while BILPA S.A supplied any special adapters or inlets for the existing bucket elevators. Global Industries supplied three MFS silos, each with a capacity of 10 000 tonnes, as well as all of the new belt conveyor and bucket elevator systems. This equipment was galvanized finished and, based on TGU specifications, SEW direct drives and

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 63



4B Watchdog Elite monitoring systems were included with each new enclosed belt conveyor or bucket elevator. To support the new material handling equipment, Global Industries supplied Brownie catwalks and towers. At the port area, the Port Authorities requested that new support catwalk and towers to load the new ship loader be placed on top of the

existing catwalk. To accomplish this, a special double access bracing was included in each intermediate support tower, which was placed in location heights corresponding to the catwalk inclination. In addition, BILPA S.A. designed and supplied special heavy structures to be placed at the peak of the MFS storage silos, in front of the Bobcat doors to support the Brownie intermediate towers. Heavy-duty SEW drives were also installed on some of the Brownie towers to enable operation. BILPA S.A. was in charge of the design and construction of the complete foundations for the MFS silos, the Brownie towers and the building for the new truck dumper. They were also responsible for the civil works for the new tunnels and bucket elevator pits as well as the mounting and start-up of the new equipment supplied by Global Industries. Work on this project has been ongoing since early 2015. All of the new equipment for the Land area has been installed and is in operation. The new equipment for the Port Area is currently being installed and is scheduled to be operational by mid-2016.


Norwood and Company

EXPAND With four generations of experience in the grain, feed, flour milling and wood industries our family would be more than happy to help you design, build, repair or expand any new or existing grain facilities We also offer a large variety of new and used grain equipment to help meet your needs norwood_hp.indd 1 64 | February

2016 - Milling and Grain

REPAIR Contact us on: Fred Norwood, President; Tel: +1 405 834 2043 Brandon Norwood, Vice President; Tel: +1 785 822 4109 10/02/2015 17:30



Storage project Cargill invests in the first ever bulk storage of corn in India


by BK Anand, Director, Cargill India and Business Unit Head- Grains and Oil seed Crush, India and Bangladesh ood grains form an important and integral part of the Indian diet. Grain production has been steadily increasing due to advancement in production technology, hence the growing need for scientific storage. Traditionally, India has been known to store grains in gunny bags in covered and open flatbed storage. Over the years, country realised the need for enhance the covered flatbed storage in order to protect the quality and quantity of stored grains from the weather vagaries. This drew the attention of both the government as well as private players and a significant capacity of covered flatbed storage was constructed over the years. With enough covered flatbed storage, the problem of storing large quantities of grains was resolved to a great extent, however the next challenge was to maintain the quality of grains stored and more efficient modernised storage practices. In the year 2004-05, government of India floated pilot project of Bulk Storage Tender and witnessed partial success. Thereon, Bulk Storage started finding its utility for captive usage by the food processing industry where capacity utilisation was guaranteed by their in house processing capacities. As well various provincial governments are also taking up Storage ONLY project under bulk storage by delinking from movement in bulk as well. So far Bulk storage was restricted to only ‘Wheat’ storage and

66 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

later for premium quality Rice also. Over the years, due to changing eating habits and enhanced food processing capacities, Maize has become a very popular grain with the industry. Growing need and demand for quality maize as a key raw material in the food processing industry has encouraged Cargill to innovate Bulk Storage in Maize. However, Bulk Storage or Silos for Maize have to be customized to address challenges relating to local growing conditions, fragmented supply base and Indian climatic conditions for maize storage in the sub-continent. Cargill will need to make significant technological interventions to make the bulk storage worthy for maize to be stored under tropical climatic conditions. This will be a comprehensive value proposition for farmers, equipment manufacturers, food processors as well as our Indian/Global consumer. To begin with, the first bulk storage facility of 60,000 metric tonnes is being set up by Cargill in Davangere, in the state of Karnataka. This multi-million dollar investment in storage will manage the supply chain for Cargill’s new Corn Wet milling plant in Davangere, Karnataka and also for our customers in poultry and other related industries. In anticipation of the growing demand for good quality corn, Cargill is banking on the Bulk Storage which will help secure corn supply and manage the quality during storage to ensure year best service to our customers. The silos will be ready to store the harvest of 2016.


Storage News

Newcastle Agri Terminal facilitates historic mega grain train Australian grain export and logistics company Newcastle Agri Terminal (NAT) has arranged and facilitated what is believed to be the longest export grain train in Australian history. After 6 years of development NAT will have achieved one of the key milestones that inspired the project. NAT has worked with a number of innovative industry players to make this possible including innovative rail operator Southern Shorthaul Railroad (SSR) and exporters Agrex (a division of Mitsubishi) and Louis Dreyfus. ARTC have also played a key role in enabling NAT to demonstrate to industry what can be possible. The mega train measuring 1.25km and carrying over 5000 tonnes of wheat from Northern New South Wales bound for south east Asian markets, is nearly two and a half times the tonnage transported by regular grain trains in New South Wales. The train was loaded in Moree on Tuesday 1st December and reached the Port of Newcastle on Wednesday 2nd December in the evening. NAT executive Director Jock Carter said this milestone demonstrated what was possible through innovation and working collaboratively with industry stakeholders. “Bigger trains means increased efficiency and lower costs, which equals better returns for growers. It also frees up capacity for other users of the rail network.” He said larger trains were increasingly important with growth in the Australian freight task. He called on all levels of government to support innovation in road and rail freight to deliver productivity gains and value to growers across New South Wales. “As well as upgrades to strategic sections of regional track, road infrastructure and access improvements are needed to streamline the connectivity from farm gate to major rail interchanges.” He said that the mega train would not have been possible without support from industry and rail operators. “We commend both ARTC and Port of Newcastle for helping to make this possible. The challenge is to make larger trains a key part of the environment in the future. For example ARTC worked with us to increase the axle load from 20 to 23 tonnes for this train. This may sound small but 68 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

this translates into a real saving of over Aus$1.30 (US$0.91) per tonne. The inland rail upgrade will further increase this to 25 tonnes. This then justifies investment in new, more productive grain wagons which leads to further cost savings.” He also thanked Louis Dreyfus and NAT shareholder Agrex (a division of Mitsubishi) for committing the exporter support to make this possible. “These exporters have generally been posting higher prices at up-country sites which demonstrates how larger trains and lower costs translates into higher returns for the farmer.” NAT is a new player on the grain export front commencing export operations in early 2014. NAT was the brainchild of Jock Carter and Martin MacKay. Jock and Martin grew up on farms in regional NSW and forged successful careers in agriculture before embarking on their vision to promote competition and innovation in the NSW grain industry through the formation of NAT.

If you want to save over 40% of your running costs

There’s no other choice!

Over 40% savings on energy use Maintenance down to a minimum


Leonardo, the OMAS roller mill that is changing milling.

International patent

New and revolutionary milling concept Safe and versatile

Dynamic identification of roller pressure in kilograms | Simplified system Compact size | Silent operation | Belt free | Milling control and variation never seen before


Industry profile



Big thinking Italian excellence


by Tom Blacker, Milling and Grain magazine

n January of this year, I was fortunate enough be the guests of world-renowned manufacturers Omas at their new facility in the Italian town of San Giorgio delle Pertiche, just north of Padua. Omas, the “company who like to think big,” have just opened a brand new facility that is very well equipped; boasting an assembly and delivery hall, sales marketing and technical design office. I was informed by my hosts Laura Nelti, from Omas’ Export & Sales Dept. and Danilo Carloni, Omas, Area Manager for Russia, that the new arrangement will allow for more efficient skills training and the open plan of set up of the assembly hall really did make the workspace feel very spacious.

Attention to detail

Other than the cleanliness, another quality that I noticed was on show at Omas was their meticulous attention to detail. As part of my tour I was shown their new computer aided component storage that makes every single machine component very easily traceable. Every single machine part that Omas uses is stored in this large filing system; right down to the washers and bolts. Each component

70 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

is marked with its own unique serial number, so when one wishes to find a particular nut or screw, rather than searching through miles of racking, a few seconds spent punching numbers into a keypad is all it takes to find the part that was required. I was also shown a test model of one of Omas’ Galileo plan-sifters. The model itself is fully insulated by sandwich panel used for sorting but in this instance and to display this particular model’s sorting prowess, instead of grain this model displayed was in fact using sand.


One attribute that I noted to be ubiquitous throughout Omas’ set up here was versatility. One example of this is their ability to not only manufacture large machines like those pictured, but are also able to offer bespoke customised solutions. This apparent attitude to versatility and flexibility also extends to where they source their components. I was informed by my guides that Omas will always try to cooperate with local suppliers where possible; thus keeping costs lower whilst ensuring European standards of quality. In the past 5 years, Omas has enjoyed huge export growth. Going

Industry profile


forward however, they have designated all four corners of the world, with Africa as their main target growth market. And there appeared to be some evidence that their strategy has already been successful on display. A comprehensive set of milling equipment was on display, including a full set of roller mills and other machinery to build a mill in Burkina Faso in Western Africa.

Forward thinking

Going forward, much of Omas Srl’s success hinges on their new Leonardo roller mill. This, their latest design features direct drive motors which will reduce energy costs as this uses “will save

fifty percent of the electrical power”of conventional roller mills according to an Omas spokesman. Following my visit, I was left with the lasting impression that Omas’ facility was incredibly clean, well-organised, versatile and spacious; with the company’s ambitions for future growth and success very firmly entrenched in every aspect of their new building’s design. I believe that Omas’ entire set up reflects their positive, forward thinking attitude. Based on what I saw during my visit, I am firmly of the belief that this company certainly has the capacity to see this ambition right through to fruition.

KAHL Crown Expander

Flexible production of shaped products. Preconditioning of pellet mixtures.



us a


20 Asia

AM 99 VICT nd B 0 Sta

AMANDUS KAHL GmbH & Co. KG · Dieselstrasse 5-9 · D-21465 Reinbek / Hamburg · Phone: +49 40 727 71 0 ·

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 71



know-how comes from the extensive study of functional and logistical solutions for plants


Milling and Grain visit a mill that has been set up using the Golfetto Sangati philosophy

uring the last century, this particular company’s evolution developed progressively. A transformation dominated by the interweaving stories of three single companies, culminating with the formation of Italian manufacturing powerhouse Golfetto Sangati. The formation of this industrial heavyweight finds its

roots way back in the 1920s. Golfetto was originally founded in Padua, Italy. The company specialised in engineering cereal manufacturing plants, and the foundation of this company marks the initial spark that instigated all future events. The formation of Golfetto was followed by Sangati’s foundation in 1929. This company swiftly rose to prominence; becoming a well renowned name in the milling industry in just a few years.

72 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

In 1952, Berga S.p.A. was set up. At first the company specialised in milling machines and silos. However in the 1970s they broadened their business interests to accommodate animal feed production; becoming a recognized leader in the engineering and building of mills, animal feed plants, cereal storage and handling for harbour terminals. As time progressed, so did their rate of expansion; with the opening of new branches in Europe and Northern Africa. Towards the end of the Eighties, Berga acquired Sangati. This event marks the very commencement of a series of events that eventually lead to a new generation of highly automated computerised systems and machines. The prestigious technological marriage of the two milling schools, gave a new lease of life to the cereal processing market, marked the pinnacle of the modern milling industry. The final merger took place in 1997 and Sangati Berga was born. The turn of the new millennium saw a further key development in the formation of the Golfetto Sangati company that exists see today. This event saw Sangati Berga acquire 50 percent of the capital stock of Golfetto S.p.A. The result of this acquisition provided the perfect cocktail of engineering, technological aptitude and know-how. This investment inturn necessitated the integration of the technical, productive and sales departments of both Sangati Berga and Golfetto. This is how GBS group S.p.A. was born, holder of the “Sangati Berga” and “Golfetto” brands. The two brands prided themselves on being capable of satisfying even the most demanding requests coming


companies in the North East of Italy “grow horizontally, putting from the marketplace, with technologically advanced and fully together shared knowledge and strength,” adding that “the customisable solutions. The Golfetto Sangati brand we know and integration of family companies is a winning policy” love today was formed in 2010 when the Pavan Group acquired the Golfetto Sangati’s belief that “know-how comes from the assets of Golfetto Berga Sangati. extensive study of functional and logistical solutions for plants.” In January of this year, Milling and Grain magazine had Due to this level of attention to detail, Golfetto Sangati are able to the pleasure of being the guests of Golfetto Sangati at their tailor their equipment to develop effective custom made solutions headquarters in Treviso, a short drive from Venice, in the to meet their clients’ specific requirements. northeastern most reaches of Italy. To demonstrate these key principles in practice, I was taken to a Their headquarters occupy a 35 000 square metre piece of flourmill to see Golfetto Sangati’s equipment in action. prime industrial real estate in Veneto; which is one of the most industrially developed areas in Italy. Golfetto Sangati currently employ a team of thirty specialised engineers who During the visit to the Golfetto are credited with the production of a proud total of some 5 Sangati production plant, Mr. Francesco Piacentini, area 000 plants, sprawled right across the globe in 130 different manager, shows a detail of countries. the thermal insulating panel of Modulo plansichters Golfetto Sangati currently employs a workforce of over 200 who work in various departments throughout the company; right from the very first design development stage, right up to the final actualisation and construction. As well as housing the various departments, much of the facility at Treviso is occupied by the production and assembly factory that produces half, full and double height roller mills. In fact, during my tour I was shown flourmilling machinery that was being readied for delivery to Papua New Guinea and Cameroon. These roller mills form a key component of Golfetto Sangati’s very customisable product range. However, their versatility does extend well beyond their range of milling equipment. This level of flexibility has enabled Golfetto Sangati to sustain relationships in other associated industries, such as ship loading and unloading projects. Berga, who are one of the companies that a key part of the Golfetto Sangati brand, recently worked with Cargill on a 800 ton/h loading and unloading project on the Danube River in Romania. According to Golfetto Sangati’s CEO Claudio Zavatta, this level of flexibility is afforded by the fact that Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 73


July 2015 | 63


MULINO PADANO The Italian town of Rovigo is a large bustling community situated in the Veneto region of North-Eastern Italy the capital of the eponymous province with a population of just under a quarter of a million people. Not far from the typically Italian community, that lies 25 miles south-west of Padua, sits a very large flour mill. The current mill at Ciniselli replaced an aging Golfetto flourmill with the capacity to produce 120 tonnes per day (tpd), that had been previously upgraded to a production capacity of 200tpd. Mulino Padano then moved to a “very nice” site where they now have the capacity to sustain a typical output of 380tpd. In July of last year, a new building project commenced that saw the capacity increased to 400tpd. Currently, the mill has an output of 380tpd, however the mill will soon have the potential to deliver an output over 600tpd. This situation is incredibly likely, given that Mulino Padano currently have 18 roller mills, but there is easily enough space for an upgrade. Both the miller at Mulino Padano and Golfetto Sangati are very proud of the efficiency with which they are able to deliver their products. In fact, just two members of staff were operating an impressive total of five floors when I visited. The mill also has a whole raft of systems and guidelines in place to ensure wastage of energy is kept to an absolute minimum. The equipment on show here featured an impressive array of Golfetto Sangati equipment on display including a safety sifter and an Infra red colour sorter. Most of the produce from the mill is destined for use in 'mass market’ products such as for the manufacturing of pizza flour. With the potential output and with the focus clearly being on minimal staffing, twinned with maximum investment in assets such as equipment, it could be said that the mill at Mulino Padano may have taken great strides towards finding the winning formula. The ambitious target of reduction of energy utilisation fixed in the project was largely achieved thanks to specific design of the layout and the use of high-efficiency components. Much of what I was shown by Golfetto Sangati did much to prove that their philosophies are present throughout their manufacturing process. Their passion for expansion, attention to detail, cleanliness, efficiency and accuracy can be found at almost every turn. This ethos is also sustained right through the mills that I visited too; meaning that their high standards are maintained right from plant to plate.

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 75

MARKETS OUTLOOK by John Buckley It is not surprising that, amongst the largest crop futures markets, soybeans show the weakest forward price ‘curve’ – the distant months on the bellwether CBOT market (ranging into 2018) showing hardly any significant premium over the current spot or cash values.

Another year of cheap & plentiful inputs? Forecasting prices even one year ahead can be a hazardous business. That applies especially to markets so dominated by that most unpredictable element of weather and, increasingly these days; the sometimes even more capricious influence of global economic trends – trade and GDP growth, currency volatility, the price of crude oil, etc. Who would have thought that the latter would have halved for a second year running, with all the implications for using food crops as fuel? Also, many of the regular market outlooks come from crop producing countries - or from ‘outside’ investors – understandably skewed by wishful thinking to the price upside (Shell punting crude’s recovery prospects in mid-January seems a good example). Also, consumers will naturally see the factors that will help input costs fall in a more friendly light. Forward futures markets are another guide to ‘price revelation’ but can also be heavily influenced by speculative interests working their own agendas. That said, these instruments are assumed to reflect the largest possible number of factors – known and likely sowing trends, weather patterns, trade policy, influences on demand etc. Looking at the three biggest futures markets that dominate the headlines – Chicago wheat, maize and soybeans – this month suggests consumers don’t have much to worry about in terms of a significant rise in raw material costs – at least for this calendar year. Further forward, around the spring and early summer of 2017, that view changes as prices begin to point ‘North’ a little more significantly (over 10 percent higher for wheat – a trend reflected in the EU wheat futures markets too). Yet at this time last year, Chicago wheat was forecast to rise to the US$6.20’s per bushel and it’s recently been trading in the US$4.50s, Corn’s year-hence prediction was a bit closer in the US$4.40s (versus the US$3.60s now) while soybeans were way out, looking for over US$10 per bushel now against under US$8.80 actually trading as we go to press. A key factor restraining the prices of grains and oilseed in the year ahead will remain to be the high levels of stocks carried from one season to the next. These will provide ample cushions against all but the most severe weather disruptions to this year’s crops (though current pointers suggest all three of the market leading crops will be large again in 2016 if the weather is ‘normal.’ The USDA has recently raised its forecast of surplus wheat stocks yet again to a new record peak of 232million tonnes; five million more than it estimated at the time of our last review in November; and equal to about one third of annual global wheat consumption. Maize stocks, although trimmed slightly since last year, still amount to almost 22 percent of consumption while soybean stocks are about 29 percent of the estimate global crush. On the demand side, world wheat consumption is apparently growing by less than 1.3 percent or 9 million tonnes during the current season (which ends halfway through 2016) – about the same trend as in 2014/15. Maize consumption on the other hand, actually seems to be falling by about one percent (9.7million tonnes) after a couple of years of very strong growth. World consumption of oilseed meals is meanwhile expected to grow at a more robust 3.75 percent - about 11million tonnes. But even that marks a slowdown from the 5.95 percent growth that it achieved in 2014/15. This lacklustre growth in demand (which may yet prove too optimistic if the world economy continues to sag and it does look likely that is to be one of the main restraints on commodity prices in 2016. As we go to press, market sentiment is dominated by ‘fear factors’ led by the spectre of failing Chinese economic growth and its implications for the global economy. No less important has been the collapse of energy markets and its potential destabilising impact – both on the oil supplier countries and their trading partners. How ironic that the flip side of rocketing oil prices - the very factor that presaged the economic problems and rocketing inflation of the 1970s - should be viewed so negatively in 2016? Cheap crude oil and slowing global trade are also reflected in a further steep decline in ocean shipping costs. The leading indicator, the Baltic Dry freight index fell in mid-January to its

76 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

lowest level since records began in 1985. That is good news for grain importing countries, effectively widening their choice of supplier to more distant origins with minimal additional transport cost. Wheat Outlook Global wheat prices have struggled to get far off the five-year lows they reached earlier this season in response to record 2015 crops and stock build-ups. A mild rally in Chicago in December and in the EU at the turn of the year largely reflected the ongoing concerns we highlighted in our last review about crops in the former Soviet countries being at greater risk of ‘winterkill’ after droughts downsized and delayed planting plans, emergence and development. However, the two main producers, Russia and Ukraine, have been a bit luckier since with some much needed showers and a long spell of unusually mild conditions, probably helping some of those crops that were border-line for abandonment manage to get established after all. Some snow cover also arrived just in time to

protect crops as weather turned more typically colder. That said, by mid-January it seemed much of that snow had been washed away in Ukraine, where winter crop losses will likely still be quite substantial. At this stage, that land seems most likely to go to maize – to make up for last year’s crop shortfall in Ukraine’s largest export grain – and possibly to sunflowers too. Russia, the largest wheat supplier of the two, is probably doing rather better than Ukraine and is officially expecting a crop not much smaller than last year’s big one which, officials now claim, reached a new record 61.8million tonnes (versus 2014’s 59.7million). If Ukraine does produce, say five million or six million tonnes less wheat this summer, as some analysts suggest, it will not be game-changing in terms of global wheat export availability or world wheat export prices which, nowadays, have considerable influence on domestic prices on European and other consuming markets. Argentina resurfacing as an important export force could potentially partially offset this as its new more liberal government frees up trade from quotas, export duties and currency controls. With the ink hardly dry on these edicts at the turn of the year, Argentina has already been undercutting not only the usually cheapest Russian and Ukrainian suppliers but also the EU – which had recently been offering the best fob quotes (before freight) to big buyers like Egypt. For wheat, maize and soya, Argentina’s new ‘business-friendly administration is likely to result in larger sown areas and a rising export presence in years to come. As recently as 2011/12 season,

Your global technology process supplier for the animal feed industry ANDRITZ is one of the world’s leading suppliers of techno­ logies, systems, and services relating to advanced industri­ al equipment for the animal feed industry. With an in-depth knowledge of each key process, we can supply a compatible and homogeneous solution from raw material intake to finished feed bagging.

ANDRITZ Feed & Biofuel A/S Europe, Asia, and South America: USA and Canada:

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 77

before government ‘interference’ reached its most restrictive phase, Argentina exported almost 12million tonnes of wheat – three times what it sold abroad last season and seven times what it exported in 2013/14. It was interesting this month to hear reports that Argentina had even sold some feed wheat recently to US hog producers ‘bearding the lion in its den.’ It has also made unusual sales to of feed wheat to Asian markets and milling wheat to the Middle East. Among the biggest producers of wheat, European farmers are estimated to have sown a similar acreage to last year’s, some countries a bit less, some more. So far, the mostly trouble-free sowing campaign and a mild, often rainy winters have seen crops well established and in very good condition in the majority of member states. We still have to see what the weather might bring at the tail end of winter and how summer rains and sunshine will shape up for yields and bread-making quality. But at this stage, the foundations are there for another big crop. Meanwhile estimates of the EU’s last one keep on rising. The latest estimate from the USDA is for just under 158million tonnes – a new record high and 1.45million tonnes over the previous peak of 2014/15. So for two years running the EU wheat crop has been almost 20million tonnes over the average of the previous three. 78 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Will 2016 make that a hat trick? Even if EU production eases back by, say, 5million tonnes? It will still be very well, if not over-supplied. At this stage, the current season is forecast to finish with record carryover stocks of about 19.3million tonnes – 6 million more than it started and 9.4 million more than at the close of 2013/14. That forecast also assumes the EU will find export homes for at least 32.5million tonnes amid the competition from the CIS countries, Argentina and others. It is possible but not guaranteed. In addition to strong CIS competition, Canadian wheat exports are so far running 4.6 percent higher this year than last while Australia has been forecast to raise exports by about 1million tonnes. The last and by no means least piece in the wheat supply jigsaw is the USA, traditionally the largest single country exporter but, in recent years, narrowly overtaken by Russia. A key factor keeping Chicago wheat futures prices on the floor this past year has been the poor performance of US exports – not surprising as these can account for over half its crop disposals. From a recent peak of 31.5million tonnes these have slumped to around 22million and are expected to stay that low this season. As in the EU, this has resulted in a big buildup in US carryover stocks from 16million in 2013/14 to 20.5million at the start of this season and a projected 25.6million at its close. That accumulation of stock completely negates the impact on US supply of a recently estimated cut in its winter wheat sowings (the lion’s share of production). In early January, the USDA issued an estimate that area would drop 7 percent - far more than the markets expected and including a 9 percent cut for hard red winter breadwheat – the largest US export component. The trade had been expecting something closer to 3-5 percent but clearly those weak prices and poor exports are feeding back now to farmer choices. Total US wheat area for harvest 2015 had actually risen by 1.5 percent, putting it almost 3.9 percent over 2013/14. That was almost double the world trend (plus 2.2 percent over the two years as CIS and European countries also raised plantings). Foreign customers probably don’t need to worry too much, though, as this simply presents an opportunity for the US (if it can muster enough trade amid the strengthening US dollar) to start reducing its excess stocks. Moreover, the USDA also views a possible yield increase keeping the US crop as large as last year’s. Overall then, barring some severe weather upset in the next few months, there seems like chance that the world will run short of wheat in the near future. Export competition, heightened by Argentina’s return, and lack of growth in global wheat trade should combine to keep prices trim on world markets and European values should reflect that. If maize output rebounds in 2016, that will put further restraint on the feed sector – which accounts for almost one fifth of world wheat use and as much as 45% in the EU. The USDA’s first crop forecasts for 2015/16 season were made back in May 2015, expecting world wheat production of 719million tonnes. That has now risen to 735m due to larger than expected crops in Europe, Russia and Ukraine. Maize Outlook Maize prices finished 2015 with an on-year loss of almost 10 percent on the leading indicator, the CBOT futures market. The

current forward futures price ‘curve’ suggests they could put most of this back by the end of this year; which then flattens out for virtually all of 2017. Key factors driving the current market are last year’s smaller than expected global crop, offset by an even bigger cut in consumption. Last summer the USDA’s forecast global output of 990million tonnes. It’s now seen 16million tonnes lower after dry weather cut crops in Europe and Ukraine. But the consumption estimate has meanwhile dropped by 200m tonnes, resulting in the end season stock forecast rising by 20 million. Most of that is considered ‘off-market’ within China where the USDA has drastically revised down its estimates for consumption (including recent historical numbers). However, this may have implications for trade and for prices going forward. Carrying over 87million tonnes – more than a third of the global stock total and spending a fortune propping up domestic crops at inflated producer prices, China is expected to cut back on these supports and continue its efforts to auction off old stocks. In the near term, that implies less demand for imported corn (about 2milllion tonnes a year in recent seasons and as much as 6.8million in 2012/13). But going forward – probably well beyond 2016 – this suggests lower Chinese crops and possibly more reliance on imports. China is also seen cutting back on imports of dried distillers grains; the by-product of corn ethanol grinding. This could have a big impact on the main source, the USA, where ethanol producers depend on this trade for part of their profits.

However, even amid the current bearish pressure from weak crude oil markets, output of the green fuel is so far still running at record levels and expected to account for a stable 44 percent of US corn use (about the same as its feed industry). The early auspices for 2016 suggest no drastic change in planted area within the USA but probably a big yield rebound in Europe and more planting in the CIS countries on failed winter wheat land. That applies particularly to Ukraine, where corn sowings could be up by as much as 10 percent.

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 79

Russia is also expected to sow another large crop. Its corn output last year was a record 12.7 million versus 2014’s 11.3million on higher planted area and a sharp rise in yields. Exports from this, the second largest CIS supplier have been running at about four million tonnes this season and the last two – about double the level in recent prior years. From the other main supplying region, Latin America, the USDA currently expects smaller but harvests than last year but these will still b e well above the average of recent years, arriving in the spring. Some analysts think these may be underrated at 25.6million for Argentina (v last year’s 26.5million) and 81.5million for Brazil (85million). Both were still sowing as we went to press – Argentine farmers making a last minute response to their new government’s laxer trading rules and Brazil trying to make up for a slightly late soya crop delaying its second-crop/Safrinha maize sowing. Brazil seems to have consistently beaten USDA crop forecasts in recent years. Both countries also have larger than usual stocks; which in Brazil’s case may allow exports to rocket this season from 22million to 35million tonnes. Latin American and Ukrainian maize exporters have already been providing stiff price competition for the traditionally dominant US suppliers whose share is falling as their trade slips well under the forecast pace; down 20 percent on the year so far. Ukrainian maize imports have meanwhile been piling into the EU, adding pressure on feed-wheat prices and helping to keep maize costs here under control after last year’s EU corn crop failures. Going forward, Argentine maize production is expected to get a big boost – some analysts think by as much as 20-30 percent, as the Argentinian government relaxes their export quotas, abolishes duties and loosens exchange controls; allowing the weak peso to sharpen its export prices. Given the amounts farmers have so marketed, the peak pressure from these moves is clearly yet to come, probably starting from first quarter 2016 onward. On the current planting outlook and, given the drop in this season’s consumption and no growth in world maize trade, there is little here to justify firmer prices going forward. However, as in the wheat market, we have to see what spring and summer weather will bring. Oilmeal Outlook It is not surprising that, amongst the largest crop futures markets, soybeans show the weakest forward price ‘curve’ – the distant months on the bellwether CBOT market (ranging into 2018) showing hardly any significant premium over the current spot or cash values. The reason remains as outlined in our recent reviews, the huge global stock build-up from recent bumper soya harvests in the main North and South American source countries, the likelihood that all three (US, Brazil, Argentina) will continue to sow big crop areas and, not least, the slowdown in growth of global demand for oilseed meals. In the current season, consumption of the eight most important items is expected to increase by about 3.75 percent or 11million tonnes compared with last season’s 5.95 percent (16.5million) and the previous year’s 4.85 percent (12.8million). Amidst the slowdown/contraction in production of several other major oilseeds, most of this growth will be supplied by market leader soya. This abundance is reflected in European prices of soya meal

80 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

which, in dollar terms at least, have declined again since our last review, although the bonus has been offset by the chronic weakness of the euro, down over 10% over the past twelve months. In late January, the CBOT soybean market seemed to have bottomed out somewhat after its steep fall in 2015 but some analysts will not be surprised to see it go lower still. Recent support came initially from slow Brazilian sowing – which has now more or less caught up – and latterly from US export sales picking up and then the USDA revising down its 2015 crop estimate (although the latter remains record large. Overall, the USDA has reduced its estimate of global soya surplus stocks from 85million tonnes when the season started last autumn to about 79million tonnes. That’s a step in the right direction for farmers wanting better prices but is also a record large figure equal to almost 30 percent of global crush requirements. Amid good weather, Brazil and Argentina remain on course for another year of large production, coming on stream from this month onward. The US is expected to sow at least as much soya as it did last year. Whilst weather and other factors might mean other big producers like China and India grow a bit less in 2016, they are not pivotal to export supplies. Further forward, the weakness of Brazilian and Argentine currencies is offsetting the price fall in financial terms on the world markets on which both depend. Brazilian farmers are actually getting as much or more for their soybeans in their own currency as they were before the global slump so have no reason to cut plantings next Autumn for harvest in 2017. Argentine farmers will also grow all the soybeans they can as their Peso currency also drops and their government continues to favour export trade. Rapeseed supply prospects have improved since our last review as Canadian officials raised their 2015 crop estimate by a surprisingly large three million tonnes, rather than the one million expected by the trade. It puts a much looser slant on this market, earlier facing its tightest stock outlook for some years. The effect has faded somewhat in recent weeks however, due to strong Canadian crushing and exports, also now exceeding official forecasts. Rapeseed also drew support from reports highlighting the poor state of much of Ukraine’s crop after a drought delayed sowing and stressed emerging crops. This important EU source could see output down by a third or more. Europe’s rapeseed crop outlook has been mixed, pointing to larger German but lower French and UK winter sowings although crops are at least in good shape after their mild, damp start. Consumers will be hoping that Canada can fill a bit more global import demand, especially to largest importer China, leaving Australian producers to sell more here. Sunflower-seed supply was also ratcheted up a bit in recent months by better than expected Russian and Ukrainian 2015 crop estimates. Sunflower sowings could rise this spring in CIS & EU; we will hopefully cover this topic in more detail on that in our next review. While overall oilseed production is down this season (mainly rapeseed and cottonseed) oilmeal supply will be adequately maintained by the large soya supply, keeping pricing across the sector under control – in financial terms at least.

The region’s only dedicated show for the supply, use and formulation of ingredients, nutrition and additives for animal feeds, dry petfood and aquafeed

2 9

3 1


2 0 1 6

Asia’s largest event for the production and processing of animal feeds, dry petfood, and aquafeed. Also including biomass pelleting technology




The show for rice and flour milling, grain processing, industrial pasta and noodle processing, extruded snacks and breakfast cereal production

H A L L S ,

B A N G K O K ,


Asia’s largest feed and grain event Your global marketplace – an international event in an international city being held in a country with large home markets  What’s on show at FIAAP Asia 2016? • Ingredients • Additives • Formulation • Laboratory equipment • Quality control  What’s on show at VICTAM Asia 2016? • Feed production technology • Packaging • Energy efficiency • Auxiliary equipment • Biomass pelleting technology  What’s on show at GRAPAS Asia 2016? • Rice milling and sorting technology • Flour milling technology • Flakers, extruders • Grain processing systems • Additives  Conferences Each of the exhibitions will have their own conferences, including: • The FIAAP Asia Animal Nutrition Conference 2016 • Petfood Forum Asia 2016 • Aquafeed Horizons Asia 2016 • Global Milling Conference with GRAPAS Asia 2016 • Biomass and Biomass Pelleting 2016 • The second ASEAN Feed and Rice Symposium • The second ASEAN Feed Summit

 Supported by • Thai Ministry of Agriculture & Co-Operatives • Thai Department of Livestock Development • Thai Department of Fisheries • Thai Feed Mill Association • Thai Rice Milling Association • Thai Chamber of Commerce • Federation of ASEAN Feed Associations • Thailand Convention & Exhibition Bureau  Organized by Victam International BV, PO Box 197, 3860 AD Nijkerk, The Netherlands T: +31 (0)33 246 4404 F: +31 (0)33 246 4706 E: See us on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and Google+ or scan the QR codes

 Free on-line registration Free on-line visitor registration is available from 1st November 2015 at:

Industry events 2016 n 15-17 February 2016 VIV MEA & GFIA 2016 Abu Dhabi, UAE

n 22-26 February 2016 Aquaculture 2016 Las Vegas, USA

n 24 February 2016

Powder and Dust Containment in the Process Industry Kent, United Kingdom

n 27 February - 01 March 2016 GEAPS 2016 Austin, Texas, USA

n 03-04 March 2016

12th TUSAF Congress: Global Trade and Milling Technologies Sueno Hotels Deluxe, Tasliburun Mevki Kadriye, Belek, Turkey

n 13-15 March 2016

AgraME Dubai International Convention Centre, Dubai, UAE

n 23-25 March 2016

ILDEX Vietnam 2016 Saigon Exhibition and Convention Center (SECC) Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

n 29-31 March 2016

FIAAP, VICTAM & GRAPAS ASIA 2016 Bitec, Bang Na. Bangkok, Thailand

n 04-06 April 2016

CICFOGRAIN2016, CICFOFEED2016, CGOF2016 No. 50, GanJiang South Road, Honggutan New District, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China

n 04-08 April 2016

120th IAOM International Association of Operative Millers Annual Conference & Expo Greater Columbus Convention Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA

n 18-21 April 2016

15th ICC Cereal and Bread Congress Istanbul Military Museum, Turkey

n 29-31 May 2016

PIX/AMC 2016 - 2016 Poultry Information Exchange (PIX) and Australasian Milling Conference (AMC) Gold Coast Convention and Exhibition Centre, Gold Coast, Australia

n 08-11 October 2016

International Baking Industry Exposition Las Vegas Convention Center, Las Vegas, NV, USA

82 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Indonesia’s no1 livestock, feed, dairy & fisheries industry event


akarta, Indonesia will once again host the 11th edition of Indonesia’s no1 livestock, feed, dairy, and fisheries industry show in Indonesia. Indo Livestock 2016 Expo & Forum will incorporate Indo Feed 2016, Indo Dairy 2016 and Indo Fisheries 2016. It will be held on 27 - 29 July 2016 at the Jakarta Convention Centre. More than 15,000 trade visitors and delegates are expected to attend the Expo, Seminar and Technical Presentation in 2016. More importantly, Over 500 exhibitors from 33 countries are expected to once again participate in Indo Livestock Expo & Forum. Indo Livestock 2016 is proven to be the preferred venue for buyers to source for new technology and equipment and where industry professionals get update on the latest technological advances and industry trends.

The Global Milling & GRAPAS Asia Conference 2016


egister now for the Global Milling & GRAPAS Asia Conference 2016, to be held during this year’s GRAPAS Exhibition in Bangkok, Thailand on Wednesday 29 March 2016. The Global Milling Conference will boast a series of expert guest speakers who will cover a range of exciting and relevant topics in the world of rice milling, flour milling and milling innovations. Focusing on food, flour, rice milling and storage, the conference is split into three sessions; Session A, Session B and Session C. Session A – the morning session from 10:00 - will cover the processing, quality, storage and transportation of flour milling – with a view to expand on such topics as the sustainability and energy efficiency or rice processing, rice storage, as well as new analysis methods for rice and flour milling. After lunch, Session B looks to explore rice milling with a specific focus on processing and handling, covering a range of areas from fuzzy control of highefficient feed pelleting, to extrusion technology for processing cereals. Lastly, following a coffee break, Session C, entitled Milling Innovation, has a keen focus on technology and development within the industry discussing a range of topics including the benefits of rice fortification, organic rice and the impact of milling on the production of seafood. The day is rounded off with a ‘World Rice Overview’ by conference chairman Roger Gilbert, with a particular focus on the supply and demand of rice.

Industry events Full VIV MEA programme features content-rich seminars


IV MEA 2016 will be rich in valuable business information for animal protein producers when it opens in February in Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates. The new show takes place 15th-17th February 2016 and is dedicated to serving animal protein providers from the Middle East and Africa to Turkey, Iran and the countries of the Indian sub-continent.

Covering the animal proteins spectrum

Already sure to be the Middle East region’s largest trade fair on modern poultry production and processing, the event will also give significant attention to the dairy milk sector and to aquaculture. What is more, the schedule features a highly informative programme of seminars and conferences on different animal proteins, prepared in association with media partners and technical leaders.

From health and feed to industry structure

On Sunday 14th February, International Poultry Production/International Hatchery Practice presents a full-day knowledge session for poultry managers on topics including how to give chicks a healthy start. A parallel presentation on the same day by Perendale’s International Aquafeed will provide a short course on manufacturing aquaculture feeds. The morning of Monday 15th February brings a Global Milling conference from magazine Milling & Grain alongside a Watt Global Media poultry seminar that covers broiler production and trade issues in the Middle East/ Africa region. The afternoon sessions include a seminar sponsored by the Dutch Poultry Centre to look at some egg quality issues and Middle East Agrifood Publishers MEAP teaming up with the World’s Poultry Science Association to discuss commercial and scientific trends in poultry production. For the morning sessions of the conference programme on Tuesday 16th February there is a Reed Business International focus on poultry health and an International Dairy Topics seminar that asks “Upsizing --- Is it the way forward?”. Vertical integration in the dairy supply chain is the theme for a Global Dairy Farmers afternoon session while International Meat Topics runs a discussion on how to meet the meat safety challenge.

Registration numbers reflect great interest

Exhibition space for VIV MEA 2016 was fully booked in just eight months, with the leading global suppliers to the animal protein sectors showing their support. In total there will about 270 exhibitors with stands in three halls of the Abu Dhabi national exhibition centre (ADNEC). The strong worldwide interest in this first-ever VIV MEA has been demonstrated further by the number of people registering in advance to attend the event. A preliminary count at the start of 2016 found individual pre-registrations from 84 countries. Almost 70 percent of applications had come from countries in the Middle East with Asia and

84 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

another 9-10 percent were from Africa. The other large segment involved applications from Europe and Russia, but South America, North America and Oceania were also represented.

Top Ten countries for advance booking

“The early indication is that we will have most preregistrations from Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia,” says VIV shows manager Ruwan Berculo. “The other countries in the Top Ten are Egypt, India, Iran, Sudan and Jordan. I think it shows that we have succeeded in promoting the appeal of the inaugural VIV MEA as being for an extended region of the world, so that it is well on course to become the third international hub in our portfolio of business events for the animal protein sectors, alongside VIV Asia and VIV Europe.” As well as the pre-registered individual participants, Mr Berculo continues, the show is set to receive special VIP delegations from over a dozen countries. Those confirmed so far will travel not only from the Middle East area (UAE, Iran, Turkey), but also from India and Pakistan, from further into Asia (China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand) and from Africa (Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Sudan). Preliminary estimates suggest that there will be approximately 4000 visitors over the three days of the trade fair. The organisers expect that the largest number will come from the countries bordering the Persian Gulf along with Iran and Turkey. Another 25 percent or so are likely to be from African countries and around 10 percent from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Other events add to visitor appeal

VIV MEA 2016 in Abu Dhabi has the added advantage that it will be co-located at the ADNEC exhibitions complex with a world event that works with organisations including the United Nations and the World Bank in offering a showcase for innovative and sustainable technologies relating to food production. Known as the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture or GFIA, in 2016 this returns to Abu Dhabi for the third consecutive year. Even more notable for all executives in the poultry industry is the opening of a conference on 17th February only a short distance from ADNEC. For the first time, the International Poultry Council is bringing to Abu Dhabi its spring conference of poultry world leaders. The conference is open to VIV MEA visitors who have IPC membership. Moreover, across at the Dubai World Trade Centre between 21st-25th February there is the opportunity to visit the world’s largest annual show on food and related hospitality products. Gulfood in its 2016 edition will have more than 110 international pavilions in addition to several hundred stands featuring individual companies, providing valuable insights into food product developments for all Middle East businesses involved in animal protein production and processing.

Industry events XXVII FEFAC Congress: Societal acceptance of livestock & feed production in the EU


t is with great pleasure that Fefac and Turkiyembir, representing the Turkish feed industry, invite members and EU feed chain partners to the XXVII Fefac Congress in Antalya, 21–22 April 2016, on the key conference theme ‘Societal acceptance of livestock & feed production in the EU’. The European Commission’s Circular Economy Package released in December 2015 provides a new holistic policy approach to a more resource-efficient food and feed chain management respecting both food & feed safety and environmental objectives. In the first session, speakers from DG Sante and EFSA will share their outlook on creating a ‘win-win’ situation both for European Consumers and operators in the EU feed and food chain, paving the way for increased societal acceptance of modern sustainable feed and livestock production systems, based on the Circular economy approach, taking on board latest risk assessments at global and EU level on alternative feed ingredients, which could pave the way. Fefac experts, national regulators and key food chain partners will discuss their views and respective expectations and demands as regards the role of feed production in the circular economy. In the wake of the COP21 agreement and its ambitious

Climate Change targets, Michele Galatola from DG Envi, Pascal Gréverath from Nestlé, Nick Major from ForFarmers and Thomas Kaufmann from Evonik will discuss the new LCA tools that allow for the measurement of the environmental footprint of feed production and its impact on developing effective GHG emission mitigation strategies for livestock production. In the final session, on the sourcing of responsible feed ingredients, Fefac shows it looks beyond the manufacturing sites of feed producers and has invested in building responsible supply chains. Maria Pilu Giraudo from Aapresid, Argentina, Carlo Lovatelli from Abiove, Brazil, and Brent Babb from USSEC, US, will showcase their efforts in the field of supplying responsible soy to the EU feed industry. Fefac President, Mr Ruud Tijssens, and Turkiyembir President, Mr Ülkür Karakuş, look forward to welcoming you as guests in Antalya at the XXVII Fefac Congress. Your active participation to this event will provide the best guarantee that this event will succeed in generating new approaches on how to best present the feed industry’s contribution to safe & sustainable intensive livestock systems to be shared by Fefac members and its livestock sector partners. For the first time, Fefac’s Congress will be held in conjunction with the 5th Global Feed and Food Congress, co-hosted by IFIF, Fefac and Turkiyembir, in cooperation with FAO, 18–20 April 2016.

Caspian and Black Sea Agrarian Congress



VISIT US AT FISH INTERNATIONAL 14 -16 February 2016 Bremen, Germany Hall 5, No F-21

86 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain


hina’s plans to realise one of the most ambitious and expensive infrastructure projects - dubbed ‘The Silk Road Economic Belt’ and ‘The 21st-century Maritime Silk Road’ - providing investment inflows to seaports as well as overland transport communication, will contribute to further strengthening of economic relations between the countries of Europe and Asia. At the same time, China holds firm to a strategy focusing on creation of a network of alternative routes. The reported logistics structure will draw in all countries geographically located in the territory between China and Europe, including the countries of the Black Sea and Caspian Sea regions. In turn, the project will contribute not only to further cutting time of goods delivery, but also to the economic development of the countries in the region, which to be integrated into the reporting transport system. The all-Ukrainian public organisation Ukrainian Grain Association and the information-analytical agency APKInform are the organisers of the Caspian and Black Sea Agrarian Congress, which will take place in Baku, Azerbaijan on April 12-13, 2016. The organisers aim to turn the Congress into one of the most significant agricultural forums, linking the interests of Ukraine, the EU and many neighbouring countries along the so-called ‘New Silk Road,’Congress is an excellent platform for discussion at the highest expert level on the production and trade of grains, oilseeds and their by-products.

Industry events World supplies of oilseeds, except for soybeans, to be tight for 2016; Thomas Mielke of OIL WORLD to explain at next month’s Oilseed Congress


his month at the second annual Oilseed Congress Europe/MENA, February 9-10, editor-in-chief of OIL WORLD and foremost authority on the oilseed complex, Thomas Mielke, will provide the global outlook for the oilseed market. Mr Mielke will open the conference on February 9 elaborating on several forecasts from OIL WORLD, a leading global authority on independent supply, demand and price forecasts for oilseeds, vegetable oils and oilmeals. It is understood Mr Mielke will cover the expectation for a production deficit for vegetable oils in the current season. It is anticipated that stocks will decline and vegetable oil prices will appreciate under the lead of palm oil. In conjunction with this, the impact of the palm oil production losses, anticipated in several parts of Indonesia and Malaysia in 2016, will also be discussed. Mr Mielke will further look into the implication that the bullishness of oils and fats is partly moderated by the ampleness of soybeans and a slowdown in the demand growth in China and several other countries caused by deteriorating economic conditions. Other considerations to be observed are that vegetable oils will gain relative to oilmeals, and while some of the adjustment has already happened, this trend will accelerate in 2016 and that world supplies of soybeans are likely to remain ample. This is expected to keep soybean prices relatively low in the world crop season despite the fact that there are likely to be some production losses in South America owing to unfavorable conditions, primarily in Brazil. Mr Mielke added that most other oilseeds are tight, particularly rapeseed and canola. “Despite larger than expected production in Canada, world supplies of rapeseed and canola will still decline sizably in 2015/16, primarily as a result of crop losses in the EU, Ukraine, China, Australia and India,” he said in a pre-conference interview. A part of the OIL WORLD team since the mid-1970s, since 2002 Mr Mielke has been executive director of ISTA Mr Mielke GmbH in Hamburg, Germany, where OIL WORLD is produced. He will be joined by speakers from around the globe at the Oilseed Congress, including David Hightower of The Hightower Report, Kevin Brassington of Noble Agri, and John Corbett of aWhere. Learn more about the Congress, the event that provides industry intelligence and networking opportunities for those -- producers, exporters, commodity risk managers, procurement specialists -- operating in the oilseed value chain throughout Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, at The conference is hosted by HighQuest Group and sponsored by CME Group and SGS.




4-6 NOVEMBER 2016



Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 87

What makes Sweet® grain handling systems the best choice for you?

SWMA 2page 8.5x5.5 Ad 2.8.16 v.3.indd All Pages


Expo 2016 biggest in the shows history he Grain Elevator and Processing Society (GEAPS) have announced that the Expo at GEAPS Exchange 2016 in Austin, Texas has officially become the largest in GEAPS history GEAPS Exchange 2016 boasts over 409 exhibitors in nearly 250,000 square feet of space. The previous record had been 400 exhibitors at Exchange 2014 in

Omaha, Nebraska. “We knew we had the potential to set records for the Expo at Exchange 2016 in Austin,” said GEAPS International President

88 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Over 400 Exhibitors in Nearly 250,000 Square Feet of Space Matt Kerrigan, EGT LLC. “GEAPS has seen tremendous growth in the Expo over the last few years. We sold out our initial 200,000 square feet of floor space early in February, 2015. “We carefully planned an expansion, and opened up nearly 50,000 square feet of additional space last summer. The Expo this

Commitment to Excellence SUPERIOR CRAFTSMANSHIP



Made in the USA

2/8/16 3:26 PM

year will be our largest both in terms of exhibitors and total space.” The sheer size of the Expo can be intimidating for some attendees, and so for the first time ever, GEAPS is offering the Austin Mixer to help welcome first-time and international attendees. The event will provide an opportunity for attendees to network with their peers while learning some helpful tips for navigating the Expo from longtime GEAPS members. There is also now an interactive map available to on the GEAPS Exchange website help attendees make the most of their time on the Expo floor. Attendees can browse exhibitor listings by keyword, category or country, mark booths to visit and email companies for more information. When users create a new login, they can also save exhibitors and import them to the Exchange 2016 Mobile App. Janice Kantola, Premier Components Inc., who helped plan the event as chair of GEAPS Membership Committee said, “As the Expo keeps growing, it is important for us to make sure that every attendee is prepared to make the most of their time at Exchange 2016. “Networking is one of the most valuable parts of being a part of GEAPS, and we wanted to give every new and international attendee an opportunity to meet their peers and make connections before heading into the Expo Hall.” GEAPS Associates Board President Jeff Roumph, WD Patterson Co Inc., explains why so many companies find value in exhibiting; “GEAPS Exchange is one of best ways to connect

with grain industry operations professionals. “Between the education and the Expo, it is a one-stop opportunity for attendees to find solutions for continual improvement in operations safety, efficiency and grain quality management across the global grain and oilseeds supply change. “The Expo attracts a wide audience of operations management decision makers, and provides a tremendous opportunity for exhibitors to show off the value of their products.” The Grain Elevator and Processing Society (GEAPS) is an international professional association that supports its members and the industry by serving as The Knowledge Resource for the world of grain handling industry operations. GEAPS addresses the industry’s critical grain handling, storage and processing operations needs by providing the finest networking, professional development programs, and access to a global marketplace of equipment, services and technology solutions providers. The global network of industry professionals GEAPS holds includes more than 2,800 individual members from about 1,150 companies. There is still time to register and take full advantage of all that GEAPS has to offer and with flexible registration options to help attendees customise an Exchange 2016 experience to meet their needs, there is no time like the present. There is, however, limited space available in the Expo Hall, so companies interested in exhibiting at Exchange 2016 should contact the GEAPS sales team at or +1 763 999 4300. Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 89

Industry events

IPPE 2016



ould the weather again impact this year’s 2016 International Production & Processing Expo (IPPE) held in Atlanta, USA? That was the question exhibitors were asking in sunny Atlanta on the day prior to the opening of this year’s event, which ran from January 26-28, 2016. Both international connections and internal flights had been seriously disrupted due to snow and winter weather moving across the Midwest and up into the north-east of the country in the run-up to Tuesday, January 26. The show got off to a cold start in Atlanta on the first day but quickly reached boiling point on day two and three to make up for any disruption to travel that had occurred on the first day. An estimated 30,000 poultry, meat and feed industry visitors attending from all over the world – at the time of going to press the organisers, the US Poultry & Egg 105x148mm-print.pdf



4:23 PM


13 - 15 March 2016 Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre


AgraME is based in the heart of where business is done, at Dubai World Trade Centre.


Over 90% of our local exhibitors take part every year. RATING EB

Serving the agricultural industry in the Middle East.

BOOK A STAND ONLINE NOW +971 4 336 5161 Officially Endorsed by

90 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain Organised by

Sponsored by Supported by

Industry events Association, American Feed Industry Association and North American Meat Institute, had not released their final audited figures. In addition to the good turnout of visitors, this year’s show presented 1301 exhibitors; a new record, with more than 43,000 square meters (464,750 square feet) of exhibit space in two halls, Hall A and Hall B. IPPE is the world’s largest annual poultry, meat and feed industry event of its kind and for the milling industry visitor it was mostly Hall A he or she was interested in. In fact, this year’s turnout of exhibitors in Hall A was so great that it forced some 46 smaller booth holders onto Level 3, which was the entrance area leading down to the main hall itself. “This year’s tremendous exhibitor and attendance numbers are a tribute to IPPE’s unparalleled education sessions, abundant networking opportunities and distinctive exhibits,” says the three organisations through a joint communiqué. “The enthusiasm and energy displayed by this year’s attendees and exhibitors will only ensure the success and growth of future IPPEs.” Exhibitors demonstrated the most current innovations in equipment, supplies and services used by industry firms in the production and processing of meat, poultry, eggs and feed products. Numerous companies highlighted their new products at the trade show. All phases of the feed, meat and poultry industry were represented, from live production and processing to further processing and packaging. The wide variety of educational programs complemented Idl16 - Aquafeed(90x132mm) 1 22/01/2016 15:42:42









REGISTER FOR GEAPS EXCHANGE 2016 TODAY! Find solutions in the Expo Hall Connect with grain industry professionals Learn about the latest trends and technologies The Exchange features more than 400 exhibitors, over 40 hours of educational programming and networking events that connect you with peers across the industry.

GEAPS Exchange 2016 | Feb. 27 — March 1 Austin Convention Center | Austin, Texas For more information and to register, visit com/ExchangeBooth Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 91

the exhibits by keeping industry management apprised on the latest issues and events. This year’s educational line-up featured 25 programs, ranging from a conference on challenges and opportunities in meat product traceability, to a program on the Veterinary Feed Directive, to a technical seminar on maximizing the efficiency of the poultry industry conducted entirely in Spanish. Other featured events included the International Poultry Scientific Forum, Pet Food Conference, Pork 101 Workshop, Tech XChange program, Meat Me in @LANTA activities and publishersponsored programs, all of which have made the 2016 IPPE the leading annual protein and feed event in the world. Products on display This event is so large and diverse it’s extremely difficult to point to a selection of key products, in the limited amount of space we have available, without disadvantaging others. The show catalogue itself ran to over 140 pages and the pocket-size handbook to over 100 pages. The range of product and services on display were extraordinary and showed off every aspect of compound feed manufacturing. In the view of this magazine, this must be one of the most complete and comprehensive feed milling events anywhere. Not only is there more to see each year at this

Short course in Aquaculture Feed Manufacturing

Abu Dhabi FEBRUARY 15, 2016

This one-day seminar will assist you when making top-quality aqua feeds using extrusion technology

Capital Suites 9 - Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Company (ADNEC)

Abu Dhabi February 14, 2016 Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre (ADNEC)

A conference Focusing on food, flour & rice milling and storage For more information please visit: Supported by

As part of VIV MEA 2016

Supported by

The course is run by International Aquafeed magazine and The Food Protein R&D Center, Texas A&M University System

As part of VIV MEA 2016

Orgainised by


92 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

event, it is also offering specialist activities on site with the city center a brisk walk away with a good transportation system, range of restaurants and of course plenty of shopping. Great feed safety sought “AFIA maintains the costs of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) implementation to industry to total more than US$1billion,” reports Richard Sellers, American Feed Industry Assocaition’s senior vice president of public policy and education. “FDA estimates the cost of FSMA to be between US$135-170 million per year,” and suggests that keeping electronic records and existing histories may help reduce costs. He was speaking at an IPPE seminar addressing the third phase in the introduction of FSMA, set over two years, covered various components of the new FSMA final rule, “Current Good Manufacturing Practice and Hazard Analysis and Risk-based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals.” More than 250 Expo-goers were in attendance. Other presentations covered the creation of an animal safety plan, how to develop an effective supply-chain program, recordkeeping for FSMA compliance and an overview of the Foreign Supplier Verification Program and third-party rules. Dr Daniel McChesney, US Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Veterinary Medicine director of office of surveillance and compliance says, “There is not always a bright line between

Milling and Grain - February 2016 | 95

current good manufacturing practices (CGMPs) and preventive controls. “Think of CGMPs as observational, routine, facility and staff focused, whereas preventive controls occur in the process and controls or eliminates hazards.” The FSMA final rule was published on September 17, 2015. The first implementation period will affect firms with more than 500 employees and begins September 19, 2016. September 19, 2017, is when firms with less than 500 employees must begin CGMP implementation. Large firms must complete implementation of preventive controls (PCs) by this date and small firms must complete implementation of PCs by September 18, 2018. Very small firms, those with under US$2.5 million in sales annually (as determined by the last three years’ average), that have notified the U.S. Food and Drug Administration of their size, have until September 17, 2019, to complete CGMPs. Dr Daniel McChesney

Bolt'n'Go Advet (Half Page)_Layout 1 30/06/2015 12:16 Page 1




Bolt 'N' Go™

Drag Conveyor Chain Put Your Conveyor on Pole Position! • Reduce Downtime & Maintenance Costs • Quick and Easy Chain Assembly • Bolt on Flight Replacement (No Welding) • Forged and Hardened Chain Links • 96 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Proven Performance

Lambton Conveyor +1 519 627 8228

Enzymes AB Vista

To be included into the Market Place, please contact Tom Blacker +44 1242 267700 -

+44 1672 517 650


Colour sorters R-Biopharm

B端hler AG

+44 141 945 2924

+41 71 955 11 11

Romer Labs +43 2272 6153310

Amino acids Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH +49 618 1596785

Bag closing

JEFO +1 450 799 2000

Equipment for sale


ExtruTech Inc

+81 82 420 8560

+1 785 284 2153

Computer software Adifo NV +32 50 303 211

Extruders Almex +31 575 572666

Cultura Technologies Ltd

Fischbein SA

+44 1257 231011


+32 2 555 11 70

+45 72 160300

Format International Ltd

Cetec Industrie

+44 1483 726081

+33 5 53 02 85 00

Insta-Pro International

+1 515 254 1260

Bakery improvers

Coolers & driers

Consergra s.l

Wenger Manufacturing

+34 938 772207

+1 785-284-2133

FrigorTec GmbH

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines

+49 7520 91482-0

+90 266 733 85 50


+33 2 37 97 66 11

Geelen Counterflow

M端hlenchemie GmbH & Co KG +49 4102 202 001

Bin dischargers

+31 475 592315


+33 2 41 56 50 14

Famsun (Muyang)

Bulk storage

+86 514 87848880

Feed nutrition Berg + Schmidt GmbH & Co. KG +49 40 2840390 Biomin +43 2782 8030

Bentall Rowlands

Suncue Company Ltd

+44 1724 282828


Chief Industries UK Ltd +44 1621 868944

Tornum AB


+41 61 815 7777

+1 519 627 8228

Wenger Manufacturing

+1 785-284-2133

+32 51723128

Elevator buckets


Silos Cordoba

+33 2 41 72 16 80

+34 957 325 165

Tapco Inc

TSC Silos

+1 314 739 9191

+31 543 473979



+31 71 4023701

+1 204 233 7133

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines

Certification GMP+ International +31703074120

+90 266 733 85 50

Elevator & Conveyor Components 4B Braime +44 113 246 1800

98 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

+46 512 29100

Lambton Conveyor

Silo Construction Engineers

+43 732 6405310

Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH +49 618 1596785 JEFO +1 450 799 2000 Kemin Industries Inc +1 800 752 2864 Novus +1 314 576 8886 Sibelco Europe + 44 1270 752 700

Feed milling Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20



CHOPIN Technologies

+31 79 593 22 21

+33 14 1475045

Cetec Industrie

+33 5 53 02 85 00

Doescher & Doescher GmbH

+49 4087976770


+39 0372 496826

Wynveen +31 26 47 90 699 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 85 50

+90 3123952986

Mondi Group

+43 1 79013 4917

Rank Hovis +44 1494 428000

Grain handling systems Cargotec Sweden Bulk Handling +46 42 85802 Cimbria A/S

Hydronix +44 1483 468900

Peter Marsh Group

+44 151 9221971

Level measurement



BinMaster Level Controls

Palletisers Cetec Industrie

+1 402 434 9102

+33 5 53 02 85 00

FineTek Co., Ltd

Ehcolo A/S

+886 2226 96789

+45 75 398411

Loading/un-loading equipment

PAYPER, S.A. +34 973 21 60 40

Neuero Industrietechnik +49 5422 95030

Pelleting aids

+45 96 17 90 00

Vigan Engineering

Borregaard LignoTech

+32 67 89 50 41

+47 69 11 80 00

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 85 50

Hammermills Alapala +90 212 465 60 40 Bühler AG

Mill design & installation

Pellet Press


IMAS - Milleral

+90 212 465 60 40

+90 332 2390141

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Pest control Detia Degesch GmbH +49 6201 708 401

+41 71 955 11 11

Golfetto Sangati

+39 0422 476 700

Rentokil Pest Control

+44 0800 917 1987

Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555

Gazel Degirmen Makinalari

+90 364 2549630

Genc Degirmen +90 332 444 0894 IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 85 50 Zheng Chang +86 21 64188282

Laboratory equipment Bastak

IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141 Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20 Oryem +90 332 239 1314 Satake +81 82 420 8560

NIR systems NIR Online +49 6227 732668 Thermo Fisher Scientific

+90 312 395 67 87

+1 9786 421132

Pipe systems JACOB Söhne +49 571 9558 0

Process control DSL Systems Ltd +44 115 9813700 Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20 Suffolk Automation +44 1473 829188

Publications International Aquafeed +44 1242 267706 International Milling Directory +44 1242 267703


Milling and Grain

+49 203 7788 0

+44 1242 267707

Rolls Leonhard Breitenbach +49 271 3758 0 O&J Højtryk +45 7514 2255

Lambton Conveyor


+1 519 627 8228

+495307 92220


Kansas State University

+90 382 266 2245

+1 785 532 6161


nabim +44 2074 932521

+90 382 2662120

Roller mills

Alapala +90 212 465 60 40

Silo Construction Engineers

+32 51723128

Ocrim +39 0372 4011

IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141

Silos Cordoba Unormak


+34 957 325 165

+1 785 825 7177

+90 332 2391016


+45 75685311

Ugur Makina

+90 (364) 235 00 26


Roll fluting

+34 91 726 43 04

Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

Rota Val Ltd +44 1249 651138

Vibratory equipment Mogensen




+34 965564075

Tornum AB

+44 1476 566301

+46 512 29100


Safety equipment Rembe


+49 2961 740 50

+1 204 233 7133


Temperature monitoring Filip GmbH


+49 5241 29330

+41 55 2562100

Genc Degirmen

+33 3 85 44 06 78

Weighing equipment Parkerfarm Weighing Systems +44 1246 456729

Yeast products

Dol Sensors

+90 332 444 0894

Leiber GmbH

+45 721 755 55

+49 5461 93030


Training Bentall Rowlands

Bühler AG

+44 1724 282828

+41 71 955 11 11

Chief Industries UK Ltd


+44 1621 868944

+1 913 338 3377

To include your company in both the Milling and Grain market place, and The International Milling Directory, contact: Tom Blacker +44 1242 267700 •


The print edition, the world’s premier directory for flour, feed, seed, rice and grain milling and handling industries



T: +44 1242 267703 / F: +44 1242 292017 / 100 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

the interview

Aidan Connolly

Other than Aidan Connolly’s main role of Chief Innovation Officer and Vice President of Corporate Accounts with Alltech, Mr Connolly also works “hand-in-hand” with their Director of Research, Dr. Karl Dawson, in developing the next generation of technologies for Alltech. As well as being the well-known architect of Alltech’s annual global feed survey, which assesses global feed tonnage in more than 130 countries, Mr Connolly is also responsible for organising Alltech’s ONE symposium as well as their internal management/leadership development programs. A graduate of University College Dublin with an MBS in International Marketing, Mr. Connolly is now an adjunct professor of marketing at that very same institution. He is also a board member of IFIF, IAMA, the National Chicken Council, the National Turkey Federation, and a former board member of FEFANA. Milling and Grain magazine met with Mr Connolly recently to discuss recent developments at Alltech, as well as any plans or strategies that the company has going forward.

How do you feel that your background has contributed to your ability to carry out your role at Alltech?

Early in my career, I gained experience in sales and marketing and was directly involved in research development. Over time, I gained hands-on experience through working in 100 different countries and living in Brazil, France, Ireland, Italy and the US.  All of these experiences gave me valuable insights into how the global agribusiness world was and is evolving and the increasing link between feed and food.  This perspective helps me every day in my leadership role at Alltech.

It has now been a number of months since Alltech purchased Masterfeeds. What is the strategy behind this particular development? And has this had any effect on the manner in which both companies now operate?

The purchase of Masterfeeds is part of an ongoing strategy to acquire more companies that will bring us closer to the farmer so that we can better develop technologies that will be put to use on the farm. As the two companies have begun to interact, we have enjoyed an immediate working relationship that is steadily progressing into integrated corporate cultures.  We do see tremendous synergies in motion that will clearly be of great benefit.  This is similar to what we have seen in previous acquisitions, including Ridleys.  We will learn a lot from Masterfeeds, and I am sure they will learn from us also.

Alltech’s feed statistics survey results were recently published at IPPE. Which of the report’s findings do you believe to be the most remarkable and to have greatest influence on the growth of our industry?

I think the most important finding from our survey this year is the continued growth in India, which is now the fourth largest market globally. We have seen very strong growth in Russia as well, and certainly continued growth in Africa as a region.  Poultry continues to be the species that is becoming more and more important.  We have not seen growth in some of the other species, although we feel the underlying trend for aquaculture continues to be very strong.

102 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Given that Alltech has now successfully completed 13 acquisitions and are now on track to achieve US$4million over the next few years, what measures have Alltech taken to ensure that it is able to sustain this level of growth?

Our intent is to fully integrate the acquisitions we have made and to put ourselves in a situation where we can consider other acquisition opportunities when they become available. We want to have a global presence on farm through our acquisitions, which will mirror our global presence in feed ingredients today.  Since we are present in 130 countries with 4 500 employees, one important factor is to have our acquisitions fully engaged and involved in our ONE symposium.  This year, we will have a record attendance and we encourage our readers to attend also.  Alltech acquisitions have also been involved in our induction program, which we refer to as “Back to Basics” and the “Mini MBA,” which is our management development program.  The amalgamation and merging of all of these cultures together through the experience of these events will make for a much stronger overall organisation. 

Going forward, do Alltech have any plans or major projects in the pipeline for the coming months? How important are your company’s developments in China to the future of Alltech?

Alltech continues to look at opportunities for acquisitions and I am sure that there will be more announcements in the next 12 months. We view China as being a very important market, but also imagine that investments in many of the other BRIC and MINT countries--Brazil, Russia, India, Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey--will also be equally critical in terms of how this company moves and increases its global footprint.     We have also written a paper on  “The Blueprint for Food Safety in China” and “The History of the Feed Industry.” These two articles are good resources for information about Alltech’s ongoing outreach efforts.    We work closely with organizations such as IFIF, IFAMA, and many other organisations to support the importance of the feed industry’s overall goal of feeding 9 billion people globally. 

PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES IGP Institute welcomes new program services coordinator


he IGP Institute welcomes new staff member Kelly Hannigan to fill the position of program services coordinator. Ms Hannigan joined the IGP team on January 4, 2016. “Kelly’s understanding of IGP Institute along with her marketing and communications skills make her a great asset to our team,” says Brandi Miller, IGP Institute interim associate director.

Kelly Hannigan

Ms Hannigan graduated in December 2015 with a Bachelor of Science in agricultural communications and journalism from Kansas State University. During her time at K-State, Ms Hannigan spent two years as the IGP communications intern. In this role, she handled a variety of communications tasks including writing, photography, design, and the development of web and social media content. She also worked as a communications intern for the Global Food Systems Initiative working closely with members of the division of communications and marketing team at K-State.

“Through her internships, Kelly gained experiences in all aspects of marketing and communications that will add to our programming and course promotions at the IGP Institute,” Ms Miller says. As the program services coordinator, Ms Hannigan will be providing support in the areas of marketing, participant relations and building administration. “I really enjoyed my time working at IGP as a student. Looking ahead, I’m excited to be a part of such an energetic work environment that allows me to interact with people across the globe.”

Chris Burton joins Anitox from Moy Park


hris Burton joins global pathogen control and feed milling efficiency specialist Anitox from Moy Park, where he was Operations Manager at the Billinghay Feed Mill in Lincolnshire. As Anitox Sales Manager for UK and Ireland he adds extensive experience in broiler farm management, feed production and operations management to the team.

Anitox EMEA Commercial Director John Thornton comments: “Chris joins a highly experienced team under the direction of our recently-promoted Western Europe Regional Sales Manager Neil Turner. Together, they will support a sector that’s working hard to produce safe, high quality poultry meat and eggs more efficiently, with less dependence on antibiotics, and amidst the threat posed by Avian Influenza. Chris brings with him extensive live production experience. He joins us at an exciting Chris Burton time, as the business shares new data on Termin-8’s ability to control AI in feed.” Mr Burton, his wife and young daughter will be based in the UK where he’ll operate from the company’s EMEA headquarters at Earls Barton in Northamptonshire. He is currently undertaking an MSc in Poultry Science.

MFS/York/Stormor announces David Vettel to assume Sales Management position


FS/York/Stormor, a Grand Island based industry leader in the design, manufacture and distribution of high quality grain storage, handling, and towers and catwalk systems, has named David Vettel to the position of Sales Manager.

David Vettel

Mr Vettel brings a strong background in agricultural industry sales to his new position, having accumulated nearly 40 years of experience in the grain storage, drying and handling business in the US and internationally. He comes to MFS/York/Stormor following a stint as International Sales Manager for Sioux Steel. Before joining Sioux Steel, he served as Vice President/President of GSI International and was also previously a member of the International Sales Management team for Chief Industries.

“With the upcoming retirement of Randy VanLangen, who directed our sales efforts for many years, we needed someone to assume these duties who knew agricultural markets and how to address the many challenges they present,” explained MFS President Dan Faltin. “[Mr] Vettel will manage, develop and direct the company’s sales staff as well as assume responsibility for growing our business through the continued development and expansion of our dealer network in the United States. His product and industry knowledge will help us as we focus on developing and manufacturing new and improved products that set the industry standard for strength, long life and quality.” MFS/York/Stormor is a division of Global Industries, Inc.

US Wheat Associates realigns regional management as long-time EU Director retires


S Wheat Associates (USW) announces the retirement of Goris van Lit, Regional Director for Europe, the Former Soviet Union and Israel, and promotes Ian Flagg, Regional Director, who will add Mr van Lit’s responsibilities and continue to direct activities in the Middle East and North Africa region effective February 1, 2016.

Based in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Mr van Lit has worked for USW for 30 years. Mr Flagg, who joined USW in 2005, is also based in Rotterdam and will now have responsibility for that office as well as offices in Moscow, Cairo and Casablanca. USW is the export market development organisation for the US wheat industry “Looking forward, Ian has proven his ability to analyse changing market conditions and identify the best opportunities for US wheat exports first in Cairo, then Casablanca,” Mr Peterson noted. Goris van Lit

Ian Flagg

“I am very confident that he will be equally effective with his expanded responsibilities.” Minnesota native Ian Flagg served USW as Assistant Director, West Coast Office, Portland, Oregon, and as Market Analyst in the Headquarters office in Arlington, Virginia, before accepting a position in 2009 as Assistant Director for the Middle East, East and North Africa region in Cairo. He was promoted to Regional Director in 2014 and moved to Casablanca. Mr Flagg has a bachelor’s degree in economics from Minnesota State University, Moorhead, and a master’s degree in Agribusiness and Applied Economics from North Dakota State University. 104 | February 2016 - Milling and Grain

Bagging station Maia – consistent and efficient bagging. The Bßhler Maia bagging station stands for a fully automated bagging process for powdered, free-flowing and friable products. Aligned process steps result in a constant filling accuracy and a high bagging capacity. Not only top sanitation but also a unique design complete this new bagging unit. The outcome is compelling: an unparalleled operational reliability for clean bagging, designed for bags with a capacity of 20 to 65 liters. Maia – consistency and efficiency at the highest level.

Maia bagging station. Consistent and efficient bagging. Flexible in use For powdered, free-flowing and friable products. Top sanitation A dustproof bag spout with a built-in aspiration provides clean bagging. Unique operational reliability Ensures high efficiency and low operating costs.

Innovations for a better world.

Feb 2016 - Milling and Grain magazine  

The February 2016 edition of Milling and Grain