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8.3.1. The notion of inner voices The concept of self in this study is not a thing, but a polyphony of dialogues in a person’s mind and between this person and others. Since self in this sense is a social self, its expressions are limited by all the restrictions, taboos and rules characterizing social life.

8.3.2. Listening to inner voices The present clinical material and the theoretical considerations in this study indicate that to be valid a voice must be heard. The quality of listening seems to encourage the voicing of the client’s inner talk. The aim of dialogical therapies may be thought of as to encourage those voices that have been inexpressible, not found their proper expression or voices that have not felt heard in outer dialogue, to feel welcome in the therapeutic relationship.

8.4. Fourth Research Question What may be a proper methodology and method of investigating the above questions?

The term Dialogical Action Research should be considered as an object of study for its own sake. The model is an attempt to combine a dialogical way of thinking and some major features of action research. The latter is based on the notion of an emancipatory effort to change some circumstances. This is done in collaboration with the ones who want the change and is continually based on reflexivity; hence it must rest on a flexible design. In a clinical context this implies inviting the client(s) into a collaborative effort to enhance change (therapy) and to gain knowledge (research). I will attempt to critique the model from several angles.

8.4.1. How do the therapeutic and the research part relate to each other? How therapy was influenced by research: In this case the method of research dialogues seemed to give Meercat a feeling of being understood, and also a meta view that was useful for both of us in our joint work. Here the question of ethics is particularly relevant. There are definite limits to how much you can require of a client. I believe the therapist/researcher should always privilege therapy over research if the two considerations are in conflict. The client has her rights as a client who seeks help, irrespective of her role in a research project.

How the research was influenced by therapy: The idea of dialogue in this approach turns the mind of the researcher to the expertise of the other who in return may offer a rich amount of

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Dialogical Action Research  

Dialogical Action Research - About therapeutic listening, creating space for voices to emerge and to be heard

Dialogical Action Research  

Dialogical Action Research - About therapeutic listening, creating space for voices to emerge and to be heard

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