Curiosity-based learning - presentation

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Chulalongkorn University

Curiosity Curiosity Based Based Learning Learning By By Bussakorn Bussakorn Sumrongthong Sumrongthong

Faculty Faculty of of Fine Fine and and Applied Applied Arts Arts Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn University University


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Personal Background - Boredom - Question insults teacher - No involvement


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Topics • Definition of Curiosity • Related Learning Theory • Curiosity as a Foundation • Curiosity Based Learning Example • Benefits of Increased Curiosity • Discussion


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What is Curiosity ?


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Curiosity is... A state of mind in which you want to learn more about something


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Curiosity is... • A disposition to inquire, investigate or seek after knowledge


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Curiosity is the Foundation • Curiosity is the source of internal motivation • Internal Motivation avoids the problem of rebellion caused by externally applied motivators i.e. Parents, Instructors, Peer groups and Society


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Related Learning Theories Inquiry Based Learning


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Inquiry Based Learning Characteristics... • The teacher does not communicate knowledge, but helps students to learn for themselves • The topic, problem to be studied and methods used to answer this problem are determined by the student and not the teacher • Inquiry learning emphasizes Constructivist ideas of learning. ie. knowledge is built in a step-wise fashion or “assembled from parts” • Learning proceeds best in group situations.


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Inquiry Based Learning Process... • Ask = Finding problems, not just solving them • Investigate = Integration of problem-solving, information seeking and learning • Create = Action and understanding • Discuss = Social and community inquiry • Reflect = Designing tools for further inquiry


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Inquiry Based Learning


Comparison

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Inquiry Based Ask Learning

Curiosity Based Observe Learning

Investigate

Investigate

Create

Explore

Discuss

Acquire

Reflect

Categorize & Create Peer Review


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Curiosity Based Learning Characteristics... • Students initiates their interest in the course’s topic based on their own interests • Teacher and students help each other acquiring knowledge from various sources • The teacher helps students to create a model method for their future study • Learning through a peer review process


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Curiosity Based Learning... Objectives

Listen well Read well

Communicate well Think well


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Curiosity Based Learning... The 3 Objectives 1. Read well & Listen well ~> Input 2. Think well ~~~~~~~~~~~~> Process 3. Communicate well ~~~~~> Output


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Curiosity Based Learning... One ~> Input

• Read well & Listen well ~> Input

Comprehension & Understanding of information from all available sources... not just journals, books & the internet, but leaders in the field, industry or market place


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Curiosity Based Learning... Two ~> Process

• Think Well ~> Process

Analysis, Problem Definition & Multiple Solution Generation


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Curiosity Based Learning... Three ~> Output

• Communicate Well ~> Output

Verbal self-expression, multiple explanatory methods & skills as well as audience awareness/rapport


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Curiosity Based Learning...

CCuriosity uriosity

Observe

Review eview

Investigate

Communicate ommunicate

Acquire cquire ategorize/ Categorize/ Create Create


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6 Steps of Curiosity Based Learning

Students view a selected object then...

Observe & explore the object; then compose a written description

Investigate their observations with another student & investigate other’s ideas

Acquire more knowledge of this object from other sources Categorize & visualize student diagram knowledge data Communicate presentation & visual report with peer Review and discussion


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Example of CBL Session 1 Activity:

Write a description of the object

Students compose a few paragraphs about object they were presented with (15 mins) Goal: Notice baseline of student’s curiosity


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What type of object? • Any object that student has experienced before such as ruler, tooth pick, candy, pen, mobile phone, etc. • Object can be instructor or student selected


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Ice cream Stick


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Example: Written description by

Mr. Sompong • One object is placed on the table • It looks like an ice cream stick because it has the brand Magnum printed on one end • This type of Ice cream has two flavors, plain chocolate and one with Almonds which is my favorite • This made me want to have ice cream now


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Example: Written description by

Miss Jongrak •The flat brown used ice cream stick (Not less than 6 hrs ago) is one from a Nestle product. Its name “Magnum” was placed on the white table by my teacher •During this period of global warming, we can recycle this stick to be used for another propose such as a guitar pick •Wood is a precious natural resource that we need to be aware of


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Example of written work


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Session 2 • Activity:

Exploration Exploration of of statements statements made made by by others others and and search search for for reason reason behind behind one’s one’s writing writing

Exchange written work with a fellow student and list what one left out and find out why the other write that way

Goal: Develop thinking & writing skill;

Notice their personal habits of omission


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Investigate


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Questions?


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Satisfaction and Happiness are important in the classroom


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High

Stress - too hard

Fl ow

~>

Task Difficulty

Boredom - too easy Low Low

Skill Level

High

Dr. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi


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High

Stress - too hard

Task Difficulty

D

B

E

A

Fl ow

~>

C

Boredom - too easy Low Low

Skill Level

High

Physical training comparison 1km -> 1.1 km Not 1km -> 8km


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Session 3 Activity:

Categorize Categorize & & Create Create diagram diagram for for the the Content Content

Appearance Appearance approach approach Philosophical Philosophical approach approach Historical Historical Approach Approach

Environmental approach Usage approach

Goal: Visualization of Information


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Session 4 Activity:

Acquiring more Knowledge & Rewriting

Students search for information to cover these additional approaches from other sources...i.e.. Books, documents, periodicals, internet sources, leaders in the field and compose a new article

Goal: Students stretch their research range


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Session 5 - Part 1 Self-Reflection Awareness Activity: Preparation for presentation

Students compare their new article to their original and compose a few self-response paragraphs to internalize for themselves what is the benefit of “their curiosity� and other items they have learned

Goal: Students acknowledge benefits of curiosity


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Session 5 - Part 2 Activity:

Communication Oral Presentation Peer Review Discussion

• Students make individual presentation on the ice cream stick • The instructor and each student asks at least one question of the presenter Goal: Students experience explaining, persuading & defending their research and conclusions


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Elements of the Methodology • Create Curiosity • Shared Curiosity • Categorizing information • Search for additional knowledge • Internalize the Changes through Reflection • Compose Articles & Create Visual Diagrams • Oral presentation - The Act of Defending Ideas Solidifies the Meaning for the Student


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Benefits of Increased Curiosity • • • •

Read well Listen well Think well Communicate well

Qualities of a Scholar

(speak, write, act)

• • •

Increased Internal Motivation Increased Self Awareness Increased Functional Understanding


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Benefits of

Curiosity Based Learning Student Participation Changes from... Passive

Active

(with Increases in Personal Responsibility)

A Follower

A Problem Solver

• Model, Practice & Acquire a New Mind Habit of Curiosity & Exploration


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Benefits of

Curiosity Based Learning Instructor’s Role Changes from... Director Director (dictator) (dictator)

Facilitator

Instructor is participating directly in the group learning process


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Curiosity is the Foundation

Output Communicate well

P r o c e s s Think well I n p u t Read & Listen well

Curiosity


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Summary Curiosity is the fuel that provides the motivational energy for functional learning and understanding


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“ Tell me and I forget forget.. Teach me and I remember remember.. Involve me and I learn .” learn.” Benjamin Franklin


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Teacher, Teacher, II miss miss your your teaching teaching any time I see any time I see an an Ice Ice cream cream stick. stick. Now Now II found found aa new new ice ice cream cream stick stick for for you. you. Thank Thank you you for for giving giving me this learning me this learning tool. tool.


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Curiosity is a leading indicator of intelligence


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Please try CBL Thank you

Bussakorn Sumrongthong, PhD. Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts Chulalongkorn University Email: bsumrongthong@yahoo.com Website: http://pioneer.chula.ac.th/~sbussako

C u r i o s i t y B a s e d Le a r n i n g


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