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BAC NEXUS Gerardo Ruiz-King

DEGREE PROJECT STUDIO FALL 2017 - SPRING 2018 FINAL REVIEW: April 28, 2018 Review Critics: Mike Paganetti Shonali Rajani Angeline Focht Ian Hester Jake Mathews

Bachelor of Architecture | May 25, 2018 Boston Architectural College 1


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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Contents Thesis Summary

Concept Parti 

Site Analysis

Air Parcel 12

Program Analysis

Program Summary

Program Floor Plan

Sectional Diagrams 

BAC Nexus Design

Code Summary

Building Envelope

Structure & Systems Structure MEP

5 7 9 10 17 18 20 22 31 41 43 44 46 48

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Thesis Summary At its most basic, BAC Nexus creates a connection to the existing urban fabric of Back Bay by conceding to desire lines based on pedestrian traffic patterns and areas of increased activity.

Thesis Summary

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Initial Desire Lines Diagram

Pedestrian walkways and Desire Lines

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Concept Parti (Desire lines giving Form)

As a set of buildings, this project creates an opportunity for students to be on display not just for completed work, but for their effort through visual permeability in the envelope. Programmatically the project is organized to create opportunities for interaction between students in all levels, architecture professionals, and the public. Each of these relationships is an important part of the students’ development as architecture professionals. The public component consists of a maker’s plaza that is intertwined with public ways through the site. As part of the mixed-use component for this project, it includes the establishment of the BAC incubator, a space which enables professionals to occupy workspace within the building with resources such as meeting spaces and other business development support spaces. Students would have access to designated workspaces within open studios in the two buildings adjacent to the student dorm tower. Through social connectivity, this project aims to embody a missing link that exists within the BAC community. BAC students work hard to complete their educational goals and balance a professional career. These efforts are acknowledged by those who know a student but not many understand the level of determination that BAC students need to complete the program. BAC Nexus is a project that aims at not only capturing and putting on display this effort, but it also tries to use it to create opportunities for personal and professional growth in the BAC students residing at 1081 Boylston.

Thesis Summary

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Site

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Site Analysis BAC Nexus is located at 1081 Boylston Street, which is prominently located at the crossing of three major vehicular thoroughfares. Massachusetts Avenue (North-South), Boylston Street (East-West), and the Massachusetts Turnpike connect Boston to other cities and states. On the Mass Ave frontage, there is a Train & bus connection, bike route, and bike share station. Across Boylston Street, there is a major commercial area. To the east of the site is Fenway, which also attracts large crowds that must pass the BAC Nexus site, making this a very publicly accessible location.

Site Analysis

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1081 Boylston Street + Parcel 12 The 1081 Boylston Street site is commonly part of proposals for Air Parcel 12. Expanding onto Parcel 12 provides better opportunities for connecting BAC Nexus back to Newbury Street where the current home of the BAC resides. Long-term this move was in the best interest of the BAC and its integration into the Back Bay community.

BOSTON ARCHITECTURA COLLEGE

Existing Conditions Site Plan Degree Project

ARC1011_FALL 2017 INSTRUCTOR: Ryan Link

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320 Newbury St 320 Newbury Street Boston MA 02115

Gerardo Ruiz-King

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ruizkingg@gmail.com

Original Map Source: MASS DOT • Size: 78,000 sf • Air rights over Turnpike and rail and terra firma on Southeastern and Northern sides • Zoning: 120’ / FAR 8.0; no height restriction/FAR 2.0 • Height allowance and 300’ frontage on Mass Ave. allows for high development potential

• Green Line transit station and bus stop across the street • Opportunity to connect Boylston and Newbury Streets to the Fens and Charlesgate Park • View corridor along Newbury Street should be considered

DRAWIN

AS101 Scale: 1/64" = 1'-0"

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Schematic Design SETNAME

Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Contextual Building Height Analysis

Site Sectional Relationships

1081 Boylston

Property Boundaries

Mass Pike Mass Pike

Boylston Street Boylston Street

Sidewalk (25‘)

Inbound (31’)

Outbound (25’)

Newbury Street Newbury Street

Sidewalk (12‘) Commuter Rail

Inbound (East)

Outbound (West)

Property Boundaries

Boylston Street

Sidewalk (25‘)

Inbound (31’)

Outbound (25’)

Mass Pike

Sidewalk (12‘)

Newbury Street

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Site Analysis Commuter Rail

Inbound (East)

Outbound (West)


Contextual Uses

- Mixed-Use

- Institutional

- Residential

- Commercial

- BAC

- Religious

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Traffic Direction/ Primary & Secondary Roadways

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Massachusetts Turnpike

Ipswich Street

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Public Transit

- Bus Route

- Green Line T

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- Commuter Rail

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Bike Path Network

- Bike Lane

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- Shared Road

Massachusetts Turnpike Ipswich Street 106'-10

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Site Analysis

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Conceptual Massing Diagram

Conceptual Massing Diagram

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Boston Architectural College

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Work

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Site Plan Plan View Scale:Conceptual 1” = 50” Massing50 100 150 200 Site Plan 0 Scale: 1” = 50” 0 50 100 150 200

Conceptual Massing Diagram

Site Analysis

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Program Analysis Programmatically the BAC Nexus project formed around the idea that the BAC needs a campus hub that will not only provide students the resources they need to advance in their academic and professional careers, but one that will also act as a beacon for the community surrounding it. BAC Nexus creates adjacencies between programs to help students perform better, and also enables the public to experience the enormous effort that BAC students put forth on a daily basis.

Program Analysis

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Programming Summary Studio Spaces

Resource Library

Stude

Makers Space

BAC Cafe

Stude

Auditorium

Bike S

Student Events Programming Summary Studio Spaces Practice Incubator

Resource Library

Student Housing

Makers Space

BAC Cafe

Student Amenities

Student Events

Auditorium

Bike Shop

Practice Incubator

Work Work Program Massing Diagram

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


rary

s

Student Housing

Vertical Circulation

Student Amenities

Mechanical

Bike Shop Vertical Circulation

Square Footage Summary (GSF) GSF Vertical 19,705 Circulation 2nd Floor: 20,650 GSF Student Amenities Mechanical 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF Bike Shop Typical Residential: 48,150 GSF (5350 GSF/ Floor)

Mechanical 1st Floor: Student Housing

Total Project GSF:

98,305 GSF

Live

Live Live

Program Analysis

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Pin-Up Pin-Up

Pin-Up Pin-Up

Pin-Up Pin-Up

Footage Summary SquareSquare Footage Summary (GSF) (GSF) 1st Floor: 1st Floor: 19,70519,705 GSF GSF 2nd Floor: 2nd Floor: 20,65020,650 GSF GSF 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF Typical Residential: 48,150 GSF Typical 0 10 20 30 40Residential: 48,150 GSF 0 10 20 30 40(5350 GSF/ Floor) (5350 GSF/ Floor) Student StudeLo ntunge Lounge

Studios Studios

2ndFloor Floor 2nd Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

Studios Studios

3

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Total Project Total Project GSF: GSF: 98,30598,305 GSF GSF Bike Shop

Bike Repairs

Stg./ Mech.

Lobby/Entry

Stud

BAC Cafe

ios 4 Laser Cutting

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Zone

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Pin-Up

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2

Pin-Up

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Lo ft S tud

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Colla

Boston Makers

Inner Courtyard

Colla

Lo

ios

Storage & Loading Bay Access

Main Entry

ios

Stud

Public Plaza

1

Computer Lab Pin-Up Break Area Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Student Lounge CNC Room

Student Lounge Studios

Informal Pin-Up

Studios

2nd Floor nd 2 Floor 0 10 20 30 40 1 Floor & SiteScale: Plan 1/8”=1’-0” 0 10 20 30 40 Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Boylston Street Boylston Street Boston Architectural College | Gerardo Ruiz-King st

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Studios

Studios


Total Project GSF:

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft Stud

ios

Dorm

Laun

dry

Kitchen

Bath

Dorm

Dorm

Colla

bora

Bath

Dorm

Pin-Up

Dorm

tion

Typical Residential Plans (2 -8 Floor) Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Square Footage Summary (GSF) 1st Floor: 19,705 GSF 2nd Floor: 20,650 GSF 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF Typical Residential: 48,150 GSF Typical Residential Plans (2nd-8th Floor) (5350 GSF/ Floor) Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” 2nd Floor Typical Residential Plans (2nd-8th Floor) Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” nd Total Project GSF: 98,305 GSF Typical Residential Plans (2 -8th Floor) Dorm

Dorm

DDoorm rm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Pin-Up

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Dorm

Studio Loft Kitchen

Studio Loft

Bath

Dorm

nd Studioth Loft

Studio Loft

LDaourm ndry Pin-Up

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft Student Lounge Lounge Lounge

Studios

Bath

rce Lib

Studio Loft

Bath

dry

Kitchen

Dorm

Bath

dry

Laun

Resou

Lounge

Studio Loft

Laun

Kitchen

Bath

Lounge

rary

0 10 20 30 40

DN

Bath

Dorm

Zone

Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

Resou

rce Lib

Resou

rary

rce Lib

ios

Practice Incubator Re

DN

source

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Au

dit o

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DN

m

tion

Lo ft S tud

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DN

Library

Colla

3rd Floor

rary

Stud

Pin-Up Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

Pin-Up Practice Incubator Pin-Up Practice Incubator

Student Lounge Studios

Practice Incubator

3rd Floor Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” 3rd Floor Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” nd Floor rd 2 3 Floor Studios

Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

0 10 20 30 40 Program Analysis

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View to Fenway

Practice Incubator Student Events Space Studio Spaces

Makers Pla

za

Program Strategies • Studio Spaces + Makers Spaces prominently placed in direct view of the public in response to concept goals. • Student Events Space acts as a connector for student spaces like the studios and makers spaces. • Practice Incubator gets the most privacy at the top floor while acting as a symbol of future ventures for students.

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


View to the BAC

Studio Spaces

Makers Spaces

Section A

Program Analysis

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View to theBAC

Studio Spaces

Makers Spaces

Section B

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


View to Fenway

Resource Library

Studio Spaces

Makers Plaza

BAC Cafe

Makers Spaces

Program Strategies • Makers Spaces and Studios face the Makers Plaza which forms the inner courtyard between the two makers building and the student dorm building.

Program Analysis

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Practice Incubator

Makers Spaces Makers Spaces Boylston Street

Section C

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Resource Library

Studio Spaces

Bath

Student Dorm

Bath

Student Dorm

Bath

Student Dorm

Bath

Student Dorm

Bath

Student Dorm

Bath

Student Dorm

Bath

Student Dorm

BAC Makers Mech Cafe Plaza

Bike Shop

Mass Pike

Program Strategies • Makers Building is located adjacent to the student dorms for easy access. • The bike shop at the base of the dorms is adjacent to a new extension of an existing bike route.

Program Analysis

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Programming Summary Studio Spaces

Resource Library

Student Housing

Makers Space

BAC Cafe

Student Amenities

Student Events

Auditorium

Bike Shop

Vertical Circulation

Mechanical

Practice Incubator

Student Dorms

Resource Library

Practice Incubator Student Events Space Studio Studio Makers Space

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Mechanical

Student Amenities

Auditorium Studio Makers Space

Program Analysis

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


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BAC Nexus

ton s l y The final design for BAC Nexus includes studio and Bo

makers spaces, a professional incubator, a resource library, an auditorium, a cafe, student dorms, and a bike shop. Through careful site design, the newly proposed BAC campus Hub ties itself into the contextual urban fabric by allowing for perceived desire lines visibly create paths that gave form to the built elements on the site. Allowing for these paths to come through the site gives the public the opportunity to interact with all the student activity happening at ground level in the maker spaces and studios.

BAC Nexus

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View from Berklee Corner Building

Translucent glass is used in the designated spaces on the upper levels to create an environment where students can focus on their work with optimal light. At ground level, the glass becomes clear creating a social connection between the public and the students in the maker’s spaces.

Social Connections

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Daylighting Opportunities The interior spaces are optimally lit through the positioning and use of materials. Polycarbonate panels are used to soften the light and provide privacy on the exterior walls of the upper studios.

Interior View in Studio Space BAC Nexus

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View from Newbury Street

Heat Reduction Strategies

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Ceramic Tile Shading System

Image from Flexbrick.net

Image from Flexbrick.net

View in Loft Studio in Dorm Building

BAC Nexus

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The site plan below shows the use of the same ceramic tile that is used as a sunscreen on the facade to create a consistent experience. Also shown are green areas that consist of a permeable system to help with water drainage on site and acts similarly to a green roof. Bike lane consists of photovoltaics designed by Solar Roadways to collect energy for use in the bike shop.

Bike Shop

Bike Repairs

Stg./ Mech.

Lobby/Entry

Main Entry BAC Cafe

Boston Makers

Inner Courtyard

Storage & Loading Bay Access 4 Laser Cutting 3 2 1 Computer Lab

Break Area

CNC Room Informal Pin-Up

Boylston Street 36

Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King

Public Plaza

Bike Lane

Site Plan


Massachusetts Avenue

Promoting Active Lifestyles

Permeable Surfaces

BAC Nexus

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Stud

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Footage Summary SquareSquare Footage Summary (GSF) (GSF) 1st Floor: 1st Floor: 19,70519,705 GSF GSF 2nd Floor: 2nd Floor: 20,65020,650 GSF GSF 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF Typical Residential: 48,150 GSF Typical 0 10 20 30 40Residential: 48,150 GSF 10 20 30 40(5350 GSF/ Floor) (5350 GSF/ Floor) Student StudentLounge Lounge

Studios Studios

2nd Floor 2nd Floor Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

0

Studios Studios

3r

Sc

Total Project Total Project GSF: GSF: 98,30598,305 GSF GSF Bike Shop

Bike Repairs

Stg./ Mech.

Lobby/Entry

Stud

BAC Cafe

ios 4 Laser Cutting

m

Zone

riu

tion

Pin-Up

or Au dit

2

Pin-Up

ium

3

dit o

Zone

Au

tion

Lo ft S tud

bora

bora

ft S tud ios

Colla

Boston Makers

Inner Courtyard

Colla

Lo

ios

Storage & Loading Bay Access

Main Entry

ios

Stud

Public Plaza

1

Computer Lab Pin-Up Break Area Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Pin-Up

Student Lounge CNC Room

Student Lounge Studios

Informal Pin-Up

Studios

2nd Floor nd 2 Floor 0 10 20 30 40 1 Floor & SiteScale: Plan 1/8”=1’-0” 0 10 20 30 40 Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Boylston Street Boylston Street Boston Architectural College | Gerardo Ruiz-King st

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Studios

Studios


Total Project GSF:

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft Stud

ios

Dorm

Laun

dry

Kitchen

Bath

Dorm

Dorm

Colla

bora

Bath

Dorm

Pin-Up

Dorm

tion

Typical Residential Plans (2 -8 Floor) Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Square Footage Summary (GSF) 1st Floor: 19,705 GSF 2nd Floor: 20,650 GSF 3rd Floor: 9,800 GSF Typical Residential: 48,150 GSF Typical Residential Plans (2nd-8th Floor) (5350 GSF/ Floor) Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” 2nd Floor Typical Residential Plans (2nd-8th Floor) Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” nd Total Project GSF: 98,305 GSF Typical Residential Plans (2 -8th Floor) Dorm

Dorm

DDoorm rm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Dorm

Pin-Up

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Dorm

Studio Loft Kitchen

Studio Loft

Bath

Dorm

nd Studioth Loft

Studio Loft

LDaourm ndry Pin-Up

Dorm

dry

Kitchen

Dorm

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft

Studio Loft Student Lounge Lounge Lounge

Studios

Bath

rce Lib

Studio Loft

Bath

Laun

Resou

Dorm

Bath

dry

Dorm

Lounge

Studio Loft

Laun

Kitchen

Bath

Lounge

rary

0 10 20 30 40

DN

Bath

Dorm

Zone

Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

Resou

rce Lib

Resou

rary

rce Lib

ios

Practice Incubator Re

DN

source

ios Zone

Au

dit o

riu

DN

m

tion

Lo ft S tud

bora

DN

Library

Colla

3rd Floor

rary

Stud

Pin-Up Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

Pin-Up Practice Incubator Pin-Up Practice Incubator

Student Lounge Studios

Practice Incubator

3rd Floor Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” 3rd Floor Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” nd Floor rd 2 3 Floor Studios

Scale: 1/8”=1’-0” Scale: 1/8”=1’-0”

0 10 20 30 40 BAC Nexus

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Code Summary Building Summary Project Overview: Primarily institutional with a large residential building integrated into the urban fabric of back bay. The building is composed of studio spaces, makers spaces, office, library, multi-purpose activity spaces, public cafe, student dorms, and related amenities such as bathrooms and shared kitchen spaces. Project location: 1080 Boylston Street, Boston MA Occupancy classification: dual occupancy residential R-2 and assembly A-3 Building construction: Type 1A Construction -3Hr exterior walls -3Hr structural frame -3Hr floor and ceiling -1 1/2 Hr roof protection Maximum building height: unlimited Egress requirements Number of exits: 2 means of exit Exit travel distances: residential 200ft max w/ sprinkler system assembly: Primary: 150ft max w/ sprinkler system Secondary: 250ft max w/ sprinkler system

BAC Nexus

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Structure & Systems The BAC Nexus projects consist of three buildings with concrete structure and a mix of materials. Wooden louvers, polycarbonate panels, ventilated glazing system, and a ceramic tile sunshade system are able to be supported from anchors at the floor slabs.

Structure & Systems

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Building Facade The building facades for the BAC nexus project use multiple shading systems to passively cool the interior while allowing for optimal daylighting conditions. Major components include: 9th Floor 143'-1"

12'-6"

Ceramic Tile Sunscreen Wooden Louvers Perforated Metal Polycarbonate Panels Ventilated Glazing System

9th Floor 130'-7"

12'-6"

• • • • •

9th Floor

12'-6"

118'-1"

9th Floor

12'-6"

105'-7"

8th Floor

12'-6"

93'-1"

7th Floor 80'-7"

12'-6"

Ceramic Tile Sunscreen

6th Floor 68'-1"

12'-6"

Ventilated Glazing System

Wooden Louvers

5th Floor 55'-7"

12'-6"

Perforated Metal

Structural Glass 4th Floor

12'-6"

43'-1"

3rd Floor

12'-6"

30'-7"

2nd Floor

18'-1"

18'-1"

Building Wall Section @ Residential Building

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Actuating damper PV to power actuating damper Aerogel Panel

Insulated Glass Ceramic Tile Sunscreen

Interior

Exterior

Actuating damper by season

Interior

Exterior

Summer

Winter

Enlarged Section of Sunscreen Residential Building Structure & Systems

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Conc. Columns (typ.) Conc. Core (typ.) Conc. Shear Wall (typ.)

Building Structure

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Conc. Footings (typ.) Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King


Boylston Street

Newbury Street

Railway

Mass Pike East

Foundation on Terra Firma

Mass Pike West

New Pike Foundation through Existing Medians

Foundation on Terra Firma

Air Parcel Structural Supports

MASS PIKE East West Building Section Cut

Structure & Systems

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BOILER CHILLER/FARM AIR HANDLER SUPPLY RETURN GENERATOR

48 1

HVAC DIAGRAM

MEP Narrative

Due to daylighting conditions, the concern for the interior spaces was providing enough cooling. One common complaint at the current BAC spaces is excess heat during winter months. The systems are all set up for cooling and only to supplement the passive heating strategies through mechanical heating.

Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King Scale: 1/16" = 1'-0"


Exterior view of Typical Laundry Area

View along Boylston Street Frontage Structure & Systems

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Exterior view of Typical Laundry Area

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Boston Architectural College

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Gerardo Ruiz-King

Boston Architectural College Degree Project 2018  

Degree Project submission for graduation from the B.Arch program.

Boston Architectural College Degree Project 2018  

Degree Project submission for graduation from the B.Arch program.

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