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PROJECT KARLA A STARTER’S GUIDE TO:

PROJECT LENNARD

BOOK 2/3 COMPETITIVE PRODUCTS


H

s t i s i v ome

/ g n i Tag g

YOTS

Yo u t h

-

Of fe

n di n

g n i r o t i n o M

g Te a

ms

Traditional tools in Youth Offending

Wo r k sh o p s Educ at io n & Tra in ing Me n t o r i ng

traditional tools. Education and Training

YOTs / Youth Offending Team There is a YOT in every local authority in England and Wales. They are made up of representatives from the police, Probation Service, social services, health, education, drugs and alcohol misuse and housing offices. Each YOT is managed by a YOT manager who is responsible for co-ordinating the work of the youth justice services. The YOT identifies the needs of each young offender by assessing them with national assessment criteria. It identifies the specific problems that make the young person offend as well as measuring the risk they pose to others. This enables the YOT to identify suitable programmes to address the needs of the young person with the intention of preventing further offending. YOTS tasks: - look into the background of young people - constant contact with young offenders in custody - preparing people for a normal life for when they leave custody.

Strengths:

Young people must meet their mentor regularly. Long-term help and support is possible. Possibility for young offenders to have someone who cares for them.

Weakness:

Help is not readily accepted by groups of young offenders and is perceived as “uncool�.

Opportunities: If managed well. the service can lead to long-

term behaviour change.

Threats:

Can be recognised as an extension of the justice system. Due to this it might be perceived negatively by young offenders leading to decreased co-operation with YOT workers.

reference: www.yjb.gov.uk; www.direct.gov.uk/en/YoungPeople


Education and Training

Mentoring & Workshops

From April 2010 under the ASCL Act, local authorities, supported by the Young People’s Learning Agency (YPLA) are responsible for managing the planning, funding and commissioning of offender learning.

Reflex exist to empower children, young people and young adults to break the cycle of offending and re-offending. They equip young people with skills, confidence and opportunities to achieve their full potential. They provide holistic support for young people throughout their transition to adulthood. Offers programmes, mentoring, workshops (Creative, Health & Fitness etc)

OLASS (Offender learning and Skills Service)

OLASS currently provides offender education, including that of young people. Securing and sustaining a job is a key factor in reducing reoffending. The main aim of OLASS is to ensure that offenders acquire the underpinning education, life and work skills, based on the offender learning journey - this enables them to meet the needs of employers when resettling after custody.

Strengths:

Weakness:

focus on a long-term integration strategy for offenders in society.

quality of education is doubtful; results are based on motivation of the individual offender

Opportunities:

dramatically reduce re-offending rates

Threats:

this kind of education is not formally recognised and valued as ‘normal’ education by employers.

reference: www.yjb.gov.uk/en-gb/practitioners/Educationtrainingandemployment/Custodialeducation/OLASS/

reflex.org

Strengths:

holistic approach: Long-term support from transition to adulthood; non-formal education programmes; support of expression through art projects; preparation for the “real world”

Weakness:

awareness; No inclusion of family/ friends

Opportunities: can give new motivations to young offenders

to extend their skills even further

Threats:

negative influences from surrounding environment and people that are not involved leads to low uptake and inefficiency of service.


Workshops

safeground.org.uk Safe Ground works to reduce the risk of offending and re-offending based on a continually developing understanding of the origins and impact of crime and a commitment to empowering people to change. Two flagship courses – Family Man and Fathers Inside – encourage prisoners to form their own interpretations. “Family Man” is a course about family relationships. It uses drama and group work to enable participants to find new ways of thinking and behaving in prison and on release. “Fathers Inside” is a course about parenting skills

Strengths:

courses already starts in prison; Family is partly involved

Weakness:

short-term courses in prison - no ongoing training after discharge

Opportunities: especially the “father inside” provides skills to

reengage in a better life afterwards.

Threats:

doubtful long-term results due to lack of follow up support

Mentoring

Daedalus - The London Youth Reducing re-offending program The London Criminal Justice Partnership (CJP) The programme focuses on developing a new approach for supporting young people in custody through to the community. This programme is one of several initiatives within The Mayor’s ‘Time for Action’ plan, which aims to improve opportunities for young people in London. The programme aims to break the cycle of youth re-offending by delivering intensive resettlement support inside custody and upon release into the community. It includes educational courses that are individualised for the offenders.

Strengths:

spread; governmental support and involvement; part of long-term strategy- Mayor’s Time for Action plan

Weakness:

just focused on prison time, no support afterwards.

Opportunities: first step into a holistic reform of the prison /

offending system?

Threats:

problems after discharge

reference: http://lcjb.cjsonline.gov.uk/London/4015.html#LYRRP


Home Visits & Mentoring

London Southwark Borough

In Southwark, the South London borough with one of the highest crime rates in the UK, community safety officer Jonathan Toy understands the destructive impact that older gang members have on younger boys in the community. He has been working on combating gang violence for 12 years but recently has seen a rise in the numbers of young people getting involved in gangs. As a result, for the past 18 months his team has run an early intervention scheme, Home Visits, which goes to the homes of young people identified by police or youth services as being on the fringes of gang activity. It pairs the young person with a mentor, who offers emotional support to steer them back into education or work. The success of Home Visits lies in its targeted strategy, offering individuals an alternative path back into education and eventually into work.

Strengths:

Early intervention. Involvement of mentors in everyday life environment Family might be included in the process.

Weakness:

low assertiveness against environment (friends / family) have to be willing to change.

Opportunities:

Threats:

The service can lead to long-term behaviour change. Could be recognised as an extension of the justice system. Due to this it might be perceived negatively by young offenders leading to unwillingness to participate.

Mentoring

Lambeth council Brathay - 2XL This programme uses peer mentoring to stop young people turning to crime by offering practical alternatives to gang activity. Operating from inner city and rural locations across the UK, the youth programmes are focused on three main areas of work: civic engagement and leadership, prevention and intervention, and family learning. (As Lambeth council cuts ÂŁ11.85m from its children and youth services this year, 2XL has lost the final quarter of its two-year funding stream. )

Strengths:

Young people must meet their mentor regularly. Long-term help and support is possible. Opportunity for young offenders to have someone who cares for them.

Weakness:

Help is not readily accepted by groups of young offenders and is perceived as “uncool�.

Opportunities: If managed well. the service can lead to long-

term behaviour change.

Threats:

Can be recognised as an extension of the justice system. Due to this it might be perceived negatively by young offenders leading to decreased co-operation with mentors.

reference: http://www.brathay.org.uk/uploads/webpage-documents/22727d6a-11d1-4228-a546 cf4799af8510.pdf


Plan Development

Eletronic Monitoring

To deal with young criminals, Northern Ireland has been experimenting with something they call the “Youth Conference.” Instead of sending kids who commit assault, theft, or “motoring offences” to a prison, the government sends them to a meeting. There, the young troublemaker is asked to give an account of the offense, and the victim, who is usually present, is invited to ask questions and describe the effects of the crime. Then they decide, together, with the help of a professional coordinator, on a “plan” to make things right. This usually means doing unpaid restorative work and giving a face-to-face apology.

Electronic monitoring can be used as an alternative to a custodial sentence or to strengthen the public protection element of a community based sentence. It also includes the monitoring of prisoners who qualify for supervised early release programmes. This service supports and monitors prisoners making the transition back into the community.

The Youth Conference

Strengths:

Weakness:

new guidance through plan development; Strength of personal face-to face apology. questionable ffectiveness-apology is just recognised as formal and a must-to-do.

Opportunities: chance to show remorse, rehabilitate offence

and develop empathy with victim; families are involved in the process of change.

Threats:

implemented after the crime has already happend, no focus on early intervention

ISSP

Electronic monitoring works by way of a transmitter and monitoring unit installed in a subject’s home. The transmitter is a tag the size of a large wristwatch securely fitted to the subject’s ankle and can be monitored either by a unit connected to a telephone line at the offenders home or via satellite and GPS. The subject is then monitored to ensure they adhere to the restrictions of their particular curfew order. Tagging is used for : Court Orders Courts can insist an offender remains away from certain areas or buildings and the systems can be set up only to record infringements of these orders and to sound alarms when they are broken. Home Detention Curfews (HDC) Issued by prison governors to monitor prisoners on early release. Early release from a Detention and Training Order for offenders under 18 is also enabled by electronic monitoring. Voice Verification to monitor the compliance of a community order, bail or early release license. Offenders are required to “Check in” by calling and registering with the control centre, via intelligent

reference: news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8328529.stm ; http://www.youthjusticeagencyni.gov.uk/youth_conference_service/ http://www.good.is/post/ is-saying-sorry-better-than-prison/; http://www.youthjusticeagencyni.gov.uk/youth_conference_service/young_persons_guide/


Emerging Innovation. Skill identification App

Personal life coaching

Flip

Nudge me

FLIP is a community powered web-based employment tool for young people. It uses social media to help identify skills and competencies to profile users for future employment opportunities. An application that helps ex-offenders identify and communicate their talents and skills beyond those gained from formal qualifications, creating an online profile or CV that enables them to access a pool of job opportunities. FLIP was one of the six ideas selected and developed during ‘Jailbrake’ weekend, (Social Innovation Camp) supported by NESTA. FLIP communicates with social media platforms, engaging with a young persons network inviting them to ‘rate’ young individuals’ employable assets providing honest and reliable opinions. The output is a personal profile with a set of transferable skills that can be used to enhance CV’s and within job applications.

This also started out as a ‘Jailbrake’ weekend idea. Intended as a text-based reminder service for young people on supervision orders to help them keep track of where they’re meant to be. It would be managed in conjunction with case workers and could offer tailored ‘nudges’ (for example reminders of appointments the night before) — and also more detailed advice (perhaps public transport info).

Strengths:

helps people to organise their life in a practical and individualised way.

Strengths:

Weakness:

It’s a paid-for service - less accessible

Opportunities:

potential of high uptake; offering simple everyday help for a wide target.

Threats:

low social impact.

a simple easily implementable idea - faces crucial problem of re-offending; integration of friends in profile creation.

Weakness:

not fully developed yet ; faces risk factors that could leads to re-offending.

Opportunities:

Effective usability design leads to high Engagement rates

Threats:

will remain only an idea without funding.

reference: http://www.ifita.com/social-vision/flip/

Now it’s a personal/business life coaching project, offering telephone calls, email support and face to face planning meetings.

reference: http://www.nudgeme.co.uk/


s i s y l An a individual

leisure time engagement Shimon Schocken’s rides of hope Computer science professor Shimon Schocken is also an avid mountain biker. To share the life lessons he learned while riding, he began an outdoor program with Israel’s juvenile inmates and was touched by both their intense difficulties and profound successes.

Strengths:

pays direct attention to individual juveniles; engagement in sports

Weakness:

no aftercare or support.

Opportunities:

engagement of juveniles in active and motivating activities, which they might follow on with in the future

Threats:

lack of long-term results.

digital

analog

communit y

reference: http://www.ted.com/talks/shimon_schocken_s_rides_of_hope.html?c=169351


tech ideas. Location network Foursquare

Location-based mobile platform Foursquare is a location-based mobile platform that makes cities easier to use and more interesting to explore. By “checking in” via a smartphone app or SMS, users share their location with friends while collecting points and virtual badges. Foursquare guides real-world experiences by allowing users to bookmark information about venues that they want to visit and surfacing relevant suggestions about nearby venues. Merchants and brands leverage the foursquare platform by utilising a wide set of tools to obtain, engage, and retain customers and audiences. Itcurrently has over 8 million users worldwide and is adding around 35,000 new users each day.

reference: https://foursquare.com/

Proximity network Face2Face

Face2Face compiles existing online social and business networks including Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace, and Twitter and enables users to see when members of these networks are in close proximity, although it does not reveal users’ exact locations, protecting their privacy. face2face allows users to choose with which members of their social networks they share location information; people not in one of their networks cannot see the information. It works on Blackberry, iPhone, Android, and many J2ME-compatible devices. Face2Face populates content based on users’ news feed, statuses, and proximity. Users can also update their own statuses and share news across all of their social networks.

reference: http://www.face2face.ws/


Reviewing network

Innovative tagging

Flook is a location-based iPhone application and website. Users create “cards” to represent locations they are reviewing - each card has an image and some text on the front, and on the back it has a map, user comments and more details about the location. Users discover nearby places by swiping through nearby cards.

How it works

Flook

In February 2010, flook won the Mobile Premier Award for the best start up in User Experience.

BISA RFID

Notification for arriving: students enter the gate as usual, without any operation, the system will automatically identify the student information, and automatically send a text message to parents, informing parents of the child has been safely to school; Notification for leaving: Students left school as usual, without any operation, the system automatically recognizes student information and automatically send a text message to parents to inform parents of their children have left school. It’s automatically, long-distance (5 meters) and large flow (more than 200 students can be identified at one time) of the automatic identification and without manual credit card. Automatically, real-time, simple and easy means of communication Low-cost, maintenance-free Scalability: the use of the SMS platform and sensors identification can help have a good communication for the regular study status of students. This program is a combination of mobile phone SMS technology and the RFID identification technology.

reference: http://flook.it/about/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flook_(application)

reference: http://www.morerfid.com/details.php?subdetail=Post&action=details&postid=331&step=show&display=RFID


Check - ins via IC-Card Sony - FeliCa

contactless IC Card Today, wherever you go, whether at train stations or at convenience stores, you see people enjoying the ease of making payment simply by holding out an IC card over a reader/writer. This “contactless” convenience is made possible by Sony’s FeliCa contactless IC card technology. Placing the card over a reader/writer activates high-speed data transmission to rewrite the data to the card.

location network BRIGHTKITE

Users “check in” at places by using text messaging or one of the mobile applications and they can see who is nearby and who has been there before. Brightkite allows registered users to connect with their existing friends and also meet new people based on the places that they go. Once a user “checks in” at a place, they can post notes and photos to that location and other users can comment on these posts. Users control the privacy of their updates and can choose to share them with their Twitter and Facebook accounts, while also having the option to share their geotagged photo posts to Flickr.

The card is suitable for high volume of transactions making it environmentally-friendly. With its high security system, FeliCa is used in a wide variety of ways such as in ticketing systems for public transportations, e-money and residence door keys. The name FeliCa comes from the word “felicity,” suggesting that the technology will make our daily lives more convenient and enjoyable.

reference: http://www.sony.net/Products/felica/about/index.html

reference: http://brightkite.com/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brightkite


No Virtual reality game SCVNGR Playing is simple: Go places. Do challenges. Earn points and unlock rewards! Individuals and enterprises build on SCVNGR by adding challenges and rewards to their favourite places.Companies, educational institutions, and organizations can build challenges, the core unit of their game, at places on SCVNGR from the web. The service also supports SMS. In Feb 2011, it was speculated that SCVNGR had reached over 1 million users.

reference: http://www.scvngr.com/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCVNGR

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