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George Fung A r c h i t e c t u r e Po r t fo l i o ( s e l e c t e d wo r k s ) 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 6 Masters of Architecture National University of Singapore georgefungkj@gmail.com mobile: +65 91146393


CV PERSONAL INFORMATION

George Fung Kok Joo 25 October 1990 Singapore +65 9114 6393 georgefungkj@gmail.com EDUCATION

2015 - 2016 Masters of Architecture National University of Singapore 2011 - 2015 Bachelor of Arts in Architecture National University of Singapore BCA-Industry Built Environment Undergraduate Scholarship (2014-2015) 2007 - 2008 GCE A’Levels St. Andrew Junior College

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

Freelance July 2015 Client: Elaine & Jaymes Sim Interior design of apartment, renovation works. Red Bean Architects June - July 2014 Internship Consolidation of studio works + interior design (drafting, carpentry works) of an apartment SAA Architects May - July 2013 Internship Drafting and design of multiple projects + Competition entry for extention of NUS School of Design and Environment. EXPERIENCE Trendz 360 Feb - March 2009

Admnistrative Assistant TECHNICAL SKILLS

AutoCAD Rhinoceros 4.0 Sketchup Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Adobe InDesign

Finance department, updating of accounts in firm Life Concert April 2008

Publicity Head Graphic design of all publicity material (posters, pamphlets, video, magazine)


CONTENTS ACADEMIC WORKS

COMPETITIONS

RESEARCH

01

06

08

Codestreet the code of the campus city

Univer[c]ity

Te r r i t o r i a l F r a m e w o r k s

a traveling school

an urban analysis of Singapore and Paris

| Year 5 Thesis |

02

07

The Education Colony

Centricity

a wind-catcher

library: creating cultural connections

03 A Continuum of Public Spaces

a web of connections

04 Two Courts

a handshake between green and urban spaces

05 Wo o d - l i ke Fa b r i c

rigidity and fluidity in wood


01 CODESTREET school as a town the social code of the campus cit y le arning + working + living

Codestreet is a microcosm of the campus city, where learning, working, and living occur together. The conception of this street is a critique of the rigid boundaries and macro zoning of programmes that exist within an educational cluster in Dover, where different functions are zoned as independent entities with distinct boundaries, resulting in segregated programmatic enclaves. Codestreet takes on a new perspective on how education spaces may not necessarily manifest within a single institution or building - but within a town-like environment that hosts a slew of programmes. Characterized by clusters of small buildings that flank the sides of a central spine, the street allows for education, living, and working spaces to be woven as an integrated urban and social fabric.

Communit y and Housing Studio Tutor : Tay Kheng Soon April 2016 (ye ar 5 thesis)


CODESTREET: A school as a town Not read as an institution or a single building, but a town or a city that integrates programmes and peoples together. classrooms

school + offices + residences

PLAZA SPACES

EXHIBITION HALL toward nus

LECTURE ROOMS

SERVICE ROAD

AYE

DOVER

NUS

Codestreet is situated in Edupolis - the master plan of a livable campus city that comprises of schools, research institutes, business and homes. Located at the South of Singapore, the master plan stretches from Pasir Panjang Terminal towards the National University of Singapore, and a major cluster of schools at Dover. A 4.9km central spine runs through the length of the master plan. Envisioned to be the central nervous system of the city, this pedestrianized spine accommodates all the major activities of the city.

CONTEXT | EDUPOLIS


toward nest

cinema

offices etfe canopy

rooftop gardens

living spaces

In the existing urban environment, land is usually zoned into specific programmes with distinct boundaries. This often results in isolated and segregated programmatic enclaves or buildings.

Codestreet is a reconstruction of this existing urban code. By fragmenting the macro-zoning measures that promoted functional segregation and large independent institutions,

A CRITIQUE ON THE URBAN CODE:

into clusters of small buildings with different functions at each level. The city becomes a mosaic of integrated programmes, rather than a composition of independent buildings that have no relation to each other.


B

A

A

B

10m

STREET LEVEL (LEVEL 3)


SCHOOL AS A TOWN

01

02

03

04

Central Sp ine

Co n n e c t i o n s to Si te

Bu i l di n g Clusters

Court y a rd s w i thi n c lusters

05

06

07

08

Block Div ision

Bu i l di n g s d e s i g n e d by di f fe re nt a rc h i te c t s

Co n n e c ti ons wi t h i n c luster

Centra l Roof

URBAN STRATEGIES


pl aza sp aces

s t re e t e d g e

c o m muni t y b u s i n e sses

b i c yc le pa rki ng

ho stel liv ing

l i vi n g + s t udy i n g

wo r k ing + s t ud y i ng

roof top g a rd ens

TYPES OF SPACES

SECTION AA


G round l eve l

Court y a rd Level

BLOCK PLANS

5m


ETF E ca n o py s h e lte r i n g a n d a d d i n g d e f i n i t i o n to ma i n street.

10

SECTION BB


B u ild in g h e i g ht c a s c a d e s tow a rd s t h e s i de s in response to the s ur ro un d i n g b u i l d i n g s .

m

10m


ET FE Ro o f ETby F Ethero of steel frame, the held primary li g ht we i g ht, dur able, and ma l le able, t he

singly ply ETFE ro of is const r uc te d sheet out of aiss ihung ng le plyon a ET F E cable me mbr net ane wthat it h a holds l aye r ofthe s cre sheet en wire t hat ac ts as a shade. held by t he pr i mar y together. ste el f r ame, t he ET F E she e t is hung on t he w i re c able ne t t hat holds t he she e t toge t he r. A t r ansluce nt mate r i a l t hat is more manage able t han g l ass , such a st r uc ture sp e e ds up const r uc t i on t i me and manp owe r.

s i ng le ply F E me membrane mbr ane w it h with single plyETETFE addit i ona l l aye r of s cre e n additional layer of screen

wire net, with ETFE membrane w i re cable c able ne t, w it h ET F E me mbr ane clamped at iintersections cl amp e d at nte rs e c t i ons

500mm steel columns 5 0 0 mm ste el columns

St g r at steeel el g rat i ngi n g elevated courtyards are constructed out cour t y ards are const r uc te d out of ste el

of g r steel at i ng ,grating, a l low i ngallowing for sun li gfor ht sunlight to e nte r to t he g roundtocour ards , as level wel l as a l low permeate thet yground courtyards, as for g re ate r ve nt i l at i on w it h i n t he cluste r. well as allow for greater ventilation within const r uc te d out of a pr i mar y ste el f r ame, the Constructed ofbui a primary e achcluster. cour t y ard s its b e t we eout n t he ldi ngs steel frame, each of e ach cluste r. t hecourtyard f r ame s of sits t he within the cour t y ards are a li g ne d w it h t he st r uc ture cluster. of t he mai n bui ldi ng .

secondary s e cond ar y fframe r ame ststructure r uc ture

pr i mar y frame f r ame st r uc ture ofof2 2000 0 0 0 x x1 01000 0 0 grid primary structure g r i d,

pPre r efa b ri ci cat f abr ate dedwawa l lslls blocks are designed by individual developers/ architects. a variety walle rtypes and accordi ng to i ndiv i du a l deof velop / arch ite c t.of a design v ar i e t y of l l t y p e s and freedom forwa individual blocks cref re e dom of de s i gand n forvibrant i ndiv i du a l blofacade. ck s ates an organic street cre ate s an organi c and v ibr ant st re e t f ac ade.

hhol o llow c o r sl e ab s la b l ow c ore precast components to be assembled on pre c ast comp one nts to b e ass e mble d on

site, of tthe building areatatanan s ite. where w he re parts p ar ts of he bui ldi ng are ang le, concrete concre te to e p poured oure d i n in s itu. angle, tobbe site.

pPre r ecast c o mone po nnt ens ts c ast c omp the precast columns are composed of three segments lowerare columns on The pre c astwith columns comp oserected e d of t h re e s e g me nts leveling w it h t he pads lowe r into column s e g me nts concrete a cast-in-place e re c te d on concre te le veli ng p ads i nto a concrete spread footing. c ast- i n- pl ace (C IP) concre te spre ad fo ot i ng .

c ast sup erst r u c tu re (1500 ( 1500 x x 10000, 900xd e900mm) ep ) precastPresuperstructure 10000

precastPrecap x 12000 600mm) c ast (1500 c ap ( 1500 x 12000, x600 d e ep ) precastPrebeam (1500 x 750mm) c ast b e am ( 1500xx12000 12000, 750 d e ep )

tapered (1000 x 1000mm) Tapcolumn ere d c olu mn ( 1000x1000)

The column-to-cap column- to- c ap bbeam e am conne c t i on is is made the connection madea wsmall it h a number s ma l l numb r of l arge ars with of elarge bars bgrouted into g route d i nto duc ts i n t he c ap b e am. The ducts in the cap beam. the large size bar-ducts l arge s i z e b ar- duc ts le ad to a conne c t i on lead to a connection that can be assembled t hat c an b e ass e mble d e as i ly on s ite. The pre c astonb esite. nt c ap am is bui lt i n cap t wo beam pi e ce s is built easily theb eprecast bent t hat arepieces i nte g rthat ate d are w it hintegrated a closure pwith our ne in two aar closure its mi d- sp an. poured near its mid span. The pre c ast b e nt c ap and pre c ast

The bent precast supersup eprecast rst r uc ture arecap t he nand conne c te d toge t he r at t he i nteare r methen di ate connected pi e r w it h a together at the structure c asti npl ace concre te di aph r ag m. intermediate pier with a cast-in-place concrete diaphragm.

BLOCK STRUCTURE


02 T H E E DU C AT ION C OL ON Y A wind-catcher. A school that promotes natural ventilation by taking advantage of strong winds at site. | m i xe d d e v e l o p m e nt |

The Education Colony is a mixed development that hosts both a school as well as its students’ dormitories. Inspired by the site’s existing strong winds through the land and sea breeze, this project is envisioned as a ‘wind-catcher’. It is an architecture that promotes natural ventilation through channelling wind through the building, as well as inducing various air-flows within the building. A prominent feature of the project are large shear walls that emphasize the planar form of the project. These shear walls also serve to resist the strong winds at site. Spatially, users experience terraces that follows the gradient of the walls, allowing a range of views both above and below ground. As a whole, the building is a monument - an icon that contributes to the imageability of the site in its larger context.

Mobility and Urbanism Studio Tutor: Tan Teck Kiam July 2015 (year 4 semester 2)


1000m

MASTERPLAN The Liveable Catchment City - a collaborative effort by the studio envisioned a city built upon the waters south of Joo Chiat Road, along East Coast Park. Its primary vision: to ‘capture’ water, people, and knowledge. Serving a total of 300,000 people, the city has various programmes that supported the knowledge economy of Singapore - with business, education, logistics, and residential zones. The education colony sits right within the reservoir, at a critical junction that connects the city to the mainland.


GRO UND LEVEL PLAN

DESIGN INTENT The colony is a large mixed development with spaces for education, living, and working. Inhabitants of the colony are envisioned to live where they work, and work where they live, forming a close community of students and workers. With the strong winds at site, the design sought to harness ‘wind’ as the driving concept - providing cool and naturally ventilated spaces for the colony’s inhabitants.


KNO

LAN

WLE

DB

DGE

PEOPLE

SEA

REE

ZE

BRE

EZE

CR I T I CA L J UN C T I O N

STRONG W IND S AT SITE

t h e site is at a junc tion th at captures b ot h p eo p le fro m t he cit y , as well as k nowledge fro m t he ‘ kn owledg e belt’ t hat is p ar t o f t he w ider masterplan .

a un ique fe ature o f the s i te i s i ts natura l breez e that o ccurs b oth day a nd ni ght, as wel l a s a w ate rfro nt o n a ll s i de s .

W I N D S H AM P E R E D BY U RBAN I SM

UND E RG RO UND SPACE S

however , t hese st ro ng win ds will be hamp ered by t he ur b an jun g le th at acc om mo dates m o st o f th e popu lation wit hin t he cit y -

with an undergro und ve hi cul a r netwo rk run n in g thro u gh the ci t y , thes e underg roun d s p a ces a ct a s no de s fo r the ci t y’s vehi cul a r tra ff i c.

SITE CONSIDERATIONS

SECTION THRO UGH STUDY BLOCKS


+

01 +

03

REVERSE STACK EFFECT

03 WARM AIR COMES IN TO REPLACE

01 RELATIVELY WARMER AIR OUTSIDE

+

04 AIR ESCAPES

+

02

02 COOL AIR INSIDE SINKS

04

+

TURNING VANES

VENTURI EFFECT BERNOULLI’S PRINCIPLE

CONSTRICTION HIGHER SPEED LOW PRESSURE

AIR GETS PULLED IN TURBULENCE

BETTER EFFICIENCY

SECTION THRO UGH RESIDENTI AL TOWERS + ventilation con cept


GRO UND LEVEL PLAN The ground floor is composed of study spaces and shops between the shear walls, with pedestrian paths forming the central axis. These spaces belong to the public domain - with green spaces and comfortable waterfront seating to attract people into the school. A local tram network runs through the horizontal axis of the site. Large void spaces open views to the basement levels below.


BASEMENT 1 PLAN The basement levels comprise of the main school programmes. Lecture halls, classrooms, computer labs line the periphery of the plan. These school spaces surround the public eating space and shops that can be found at the center of the plan - with the intent of blurring the lines between the ‘school zone’ and the ‘public zone’.


OM LA S A BS ND

AR

EA

RO

UD Y

S LO IDEN BB C Y E

NAL

TRANSITIO

ST

RE

INAR COM ROOM S LAB S NAL SI TRAN TIO PUBLIC AREA

G RO U N D LE VE L

OPS

STO

RAG

E

CA

CA

RP AR K

KSH

BASEMEN T 1

RP AR K

WOR

LE RO CTU OM RE S

REA

PUBLIC A

SEM

OF F AD ICE M S& IN

ST

UD Y

AR

EA

RES IDE LOB NCE BY

PS

BASE M E N T 2

ST

OR

AG

E

CA

K

HO

RP AR

KS

CA

OR

RP AR K

ROADS

W

BASEMEN T 3

ALLOCATION OF PROGRAMMES Due to the varied environments above ground, on ground, and underground, programmes have to be allocated and arranged accordingly as well. In section, residential areas are placed above ground with maximum sunlight and wind for ventilation. The deepest levels hosts service programmes such as warehouses and car parking.


RESIDENTI AL TOWERS Clusters of residential units form between the shear walls, with ample discussion spaces around for students to interact and study. Service cores run along the walls, with large voids that create atrium spaces within the residential towers. Screens on the facade of the towers behave as turning valves to direct winds through the block, allowing for a more efficient circulation of wind within the tower.


DESIGN INTENT:

ADDRESSING VENTILATION + HARNESSING THE WIND land breeze

sunset

100m

AB

OV

E

00 SITE

columns?

wall.

04 STRUCTURE

01 FOLD UP

BE

LO W

05 FOLD DOWN

sea breeze

24th FLOOR 02 CAPTURE WIND

sunrise

06 TERRACE

03 AVOID SUN

07 CONTINUATION

60m

14th FLOOR

ATIONS:

10th FLOOR RESIDENTIAL PLAN

underground spaces

LAN

DB

REE

ZE

wind at site

hampered by urbanism

E

KNO

WLE

DGE

school + stay

SECTION A-A scale 1:200 10m

LIBRARY SPACE At the centre of the development sits a library that is available for both the public and students to use. It also serves a centrepiece of the entire project, a hint at the educational nature of the development’s programme. Socially, the project seeks to integrate public spaces with school spaces - transitions between the school facilities are seamless, yet retaining a certain boundary understood by its users.


SECTION AA

SCALE 1:500

PLAN SCALE 1:2000

CONCRETE FLOOR DECK with slab reinforcement. 75 mm depth METAL DECKING OPEN WEB STEEL JOIST 400 mm depth DUROCK CEMENT BOARD suspended ceiling. 13 mm thick 1220 x 2000 per panel

TAB PLATE welded to column and bolted to beam web

HANGER

STIFFENED SHEAR WALL to allow for openings

STEEL CHANNEL 38mm depth

STEEL PLATE SHEAR WALL

METAL FURRING CHANNEL

03 LOUVER FACADE

COMPOSITE DECKING

DUROCK FASTENER 150 mm o.c.

CONCRETE FLOOR DECK with slab reinforcement. 75 mm depth METAL DECKING 50 mm depth K-SERIES OPEN WEB STEEL JOIST 400 mm depth

SCALE 1:10

PLAN

SECTION AA

SCALE 1:2000

SCALE 1:500

ODY

ER B

WAT CONCRETE FLOOR DECK with slab reinforcement. 75 mm depth

DUROCK CEMENT BOARD suspended ceiling. 13 mm thick 1220 x 2000 per panel

METAL DECKING OPEN WEB STEEL JOIST 400 mm depth DUROCK CEMENT BOARD suspended ceiling. 13 mm thick 1220 x 2000 per panel

TAB PLATE welded to column and bolted to beam web

HANGER

STIFFENED SHEAR WALL to allow for openings

STEEL CHANNEL 38mm depth

STEEL PLATE SHEAR WALL

METAL FURRING CHANNEL

COMPOSITE DECKING

DUROCK FASTENER 150 mm o.c.

CONCRETE FLOOR DECK with slab reinforcement. 75 mm depth METAL DECKING 50 mm depth

INING

RETA

L

WAL

01 WALL TO FLOOR STRUCTURE

SCALE 1:50

K-SERIES OPEN WEB STEEL JOIST 400 mm depth

ODY

ER B

WAT

DUROCK CEMENT BOARD suspended ceiling. 13 mm thick 1220 x 2000 per panel

01 WALL TO FLOOR SHEAR WALL PRIMARY STRUCTURE STRUCTURE SCALE 1:50 WALL STEEL PLATE SHEAR

CONTINUOUS ANGLE BOLTED TO shear wall structure

ALL

ING W

IN RETA

PRIMARY CLADDING STRUCTURE steel tubing 100 x 50 mm SECONDARY CLADDING STRUCTURE TAKTL ULTRAHIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE PANEL 980 x 2480 mm per panel

02 FACADE CLADDING SCALE 1:50

STRUCTURE The monolithic concrete shear walls not only hold up the building, but it also counters the strong winds that act against the structures during the day. Holes are punctured through these 1 meter walls to allow for access and lights between them. SHEAR WALL PRIMARY STRUCTURE STEEL PLATE SHEAR WALL CONTINUOUS ANGLE BOLTED TO shear wall structure PRIMARY CLADDING STRUCTURE steel tubing 100 x 50 mm SECONDARY CLADDING STRUCTURE TAKTL ULTRAHIGH PERFORMANCE CONCRETE PANEL 980 x 2480 mm per panel

02 FACADE CLADDING SCALE 1:50


03 A C O N T I N U U M O F P U B L I C S PA C E S vision for buildings to connect and integrate, creating extended ‘internal worlds’. | mixed development |

The vision of designing for continuous public spaces was a response to the physical boundaries that disrupted accessibility from one building to another. Malls of today are internal worlds - self-sufficient, with a resident population whose commercial and daily needs can be met within it. As such, ‘street-life’ as we know it is dead. People congregate within the comfort of malls, reluctant to step in the outdoors along the streets. This project seeks to bring the street inside the building - by creating three main blocks which are in turn further divided into smaller ‘blocks’ or units.

Mobilit y and Urbanism Studio Tutor : Teo Yee Chin July 2015 (ye ar 3 semester 2)


p ay a l e b ar M RT

p ay a leba r roa d

na l ge y lan g riv er ca

s i m s ave nue

GRO UND LEVEL PLAN

Building to Building

Block to Block

Unit to Unit

DESIGN INTENT With the vision of designing spaces within the building as a continuum from its surroundings, the design is conceptualised in three scales. From the building scale, the design will be a junction between its three surrounding buildings. Within the building itself, three blocks are to be read as individual buildings that are likewise connected to each other. Individual units within these blocks compose to form naturally ventilated ‘streets’ that are stringed by bridges.


01 Building blocks cut by a main spine

02 response to street front varying block heights

03 spaces carved out

04 facade ‘wrapping’ around carved blocks

DESIGN STRATEGIES

CARVED SPACES

vs

Spaces were carved from the massing to evoke varying spatial experiences as one travels through - akin to travelling through a canyon.

FACADE WRAP A perforated screen wraps around the block massing, leaving the diagonal planes open - drawing attention to the carved spaces.


VIEW FROM THE MAIN SPINE pedestrianized street sheltered by a faceted roof

ELEVATION FROM MAIN ROAD (sims avenue) The perforated facade hints at the programmes within. Retail shops and office spaces are identified by the small frames that compose the lower levels of the complex. Larger frames at the levels above, allude to a more ‘unified’ part of the building, where the dwelling and community spaces are.


VIEW OF BRIDGE that connects to the adjacent building over a canal.

SECTION THRO UGH MAIN SPINE One end of the main spine begins from an underground tunnel that goes beneath Sims Avenue. This pedestrianized path continues through the building up the stairs, along the bridge and towards the adjacent building. The main stairs likewise connect to various levels of the buildings at certain intervals.


VIEW FROM MAIN ROAD The faceted roof peeks out from between the blocks - hinting at the pedestrianized street that lies between the blocks.

SOHO RESIDENCES SOHO units form a portion of the residential units, providing spaces for businessmen to dwell, work, interact and network with like neighbours within the community.


BRIDGES BETWEEN BLOCKS Weaving through the residential blocks that occupy the top floors of the complex, are a series of bridges that connect the three blocks together in a network.

INTERIOR STREETS The complex initially reads as a mass of three blocks that are rather disconnected from each other. A closer inspection into the complex, reveals a network of bridges that connect parts of the whole complex together, horizontally as well as vertically.


SECTION OF RESIDENTI AL STREET At the upper levels where the residential units are, an elevated deck recreates the ‘street’. Residents get to experience this street in their private realm - an enclave, a retreat from the public spaces below.

A FACETED DESIGN The faceted roof was designed to draw attention to the diagonally carved spaces of the massing blocks. Its dynamic form also highlights the central spine as the main public arena of the complex.


CIRCULATION Within each block, a main path is present to ensure that all blocks are connected to each other, in a circular fashion. This reduces problems in way-finding, and makes it more convenient for the user to get to one block to another (as compared to making detours).


04 TWO COURTS a ‘handshake’ between urban and green spaces integrating these contrasting landscapes together. | food court | nursery |

The site is situated between an urban street that sells daily household items, and a large park that is frequented by many in the neighbourhood. Hence, this project seeks to serve as the ‘handshake’ between an urban space, and a natural garden space, by integrating these contrasting landscapes together. In the various sequences of the project, the contrast between urban and garden spaces can be found - namely in the interior spaces, its plaza spaces, as well as its structure. The brief was to design a food centre, as well as plan and design for a social enterprise that serves the community.

Community and Housing Studio Tutor: Zhang Ye Aug 2013 (year 3 semester 1) exhibited at CityEx 2014


nur s e r y - s e l l i ng garde ni ng e qu i p m e nt

ha wker center + wet ma rket

GRO UND LEVEL PLAN

garde n spa c e

l arge r gre e n s p ac e

ur b a n pla z a

01 two enveloped spaces

02 response to site buildings

nursery - sellin g gardenin g equ ipm ent h a wker c enter

03 hierarchy of spaces

04 connection of public spaces


VIEW OF G ARDEN SPACE

VIEW OF URBAN PLAZA


VIEW OF URBAN PLAZA

SECTIONS


VIEW OF NURSERY

VIEW OF G ARDEN SPACE


05 WO OD L I K E FA B R IC the rigidity of wood coupled with the fluidity of fabric.

Wood is generally understood to be a hard and rigid material. This project seeks to explore the possible ‘fluidity’ of such a rigid material - resulting in a wood-like fabric structure. By breaking the solid into many smaller fragments or modules, a very rigid structure is able to achieve a certain degree of fluidity. The design process saw the exploration of various modules and connection designs, through experiments done in various scales and methods. The final process was constructed in East Coast Park as a sunbathing pavilion, constructed in a studio effort.

Tutor: Pan Yi Cheng Aug 2012 (year 2 semester 1) a collaborative studio project


CONCEPT PROTOTYPE

FIN AL MODEL at East Coast Park


VIEW FROM INTERIOR

DISPLAY OF PROTOTYPES


PROTOTYPE MODELS

FIN AL PROTOTYPE


FIN AL MODEL CONSTRUCTION

PERFORATION STUDIES


06 UNIVER[C]ITY a travelling school in Kosice, eastern Slovakia

Culture stands as an important keystone of architecture. Yet, it cannot be fully comprehended through lectures and classroom teaching alone. Students should aspire to deeply interact with people and places of different cultures. The world is our learning ground and every student should be taught to think, instead of what to think. Our chosen site is the town of Kosice, eastern Slovakia. Though it was the first Slovak city to win the European Capital of Culture in 2013, there is evidently a racial divide between the Slovak majority and Roma minority. The Roma minority has been pushed to the brink of society, living in poverty and unhygienic conditions. Thus, we propose a mobile school that takes the city as its classroom, hinging on existing transport systems, learning from the layers of the city.

International Union of Architects (UIA) 2015 - competition entry a collaboration with Tan Jing Min and Wang Chao Chao Advisor: Raymond Hoe


07 CENTRICITY a library - creating cultural connections

Our site, the Tanjong Pagar Railway Station in Singapore, was formerly part of a grand vision to create global connections, facilitating exchange of commodities across geographical boundaries. Formerly operated by the Malaysian railway, it was a site where visitors could experience Malaysian culture while remaining in Singapore. The site’s symbolic value postulates the potential for it as a platform for locals to experience and understand other cities while still remaining in Singapore -- where greater global awareness could be fostered. Following the vision of a globally-minded city, our program for the site is a center of knowledge for the public -- a library offering information of cities from all over the world, and a forum for conferences, lectures and debates on global issues. Besides having the globe as an inspiration, the architecture takes on a spherical form as it conveys a sense of unity and encompassment pertaining to our vision of Singapore with strong global awareness.

International Union of Architects (UIA) 2014 - competition entry

a collaboration with Tan Jing Min and Wang Chao Chao


E R I K L ’ H E U R E U X | F L O R I A N S C H ÄT Z

TERRI TORIA L FRAMEWORKS + ST UDI O GO WE ST


08 TERRITORIAL FRAMEWORKS an urban analysis of Singapore and Paris

Territorial Frameworks + Studio Go West was a studio that sought to grasp the complexities of urbanisation using two radically different cities - Singapore and Paris as models for experimentation. Through a series of studies, the studio examined the key question: What is the DNA of Singapore and Paris? How does this DNA affect the city’s respective urban models? Below are a few excerpts from the studies on the Urban Form of both cities. In collaboration with Theresa Chua, the initial studies unravelled the complexity behind the varying urban development strategies of Singapore and Paris. While the former is the epitome of high-rise urbanism, the latter is an exemplar of a horizontal ‘mat’ urbanism - of which both urban models have the capacity to accommodate similar needs of a high population density and economic growth. This high population density was further explored through a series of experimentation models in Density Studies, in collaboration with Saan Wish, Zhang Hui Hui and Wynne Chen. Here, a simple yet powerful motif was used - to superimpose the urban models of either city onto the other city. This allowed for a strong visual comparison between the ‘efficiencies’ of either city in accommodating a dense population.

Climate and Territory Studio Tutor: Erik L’Heureux August 2014


FIGURE GRO UND - SING APORE

FIGURE GRO UND - PARIS Th e ur b a n fo r ms o f S in g apore an d Paris are rad ically different. W hile the former s u bs cr i b es to a h i g h- r i se form of urban ism , th e latter is a m at form of urbanis m. In a t ypic al n ew tow n i n Si n g a po re, build in g footprint is sig n if icantly s maller than in Paris - where b u i l d i n g s a re o rg a n i se d an d push ed to th e periph ery of triangu lar and rec tangu lar plots resultin g f rom Haussm an n’s d iag on al bou levards .


ALLOCATION OF PROGRAMMES - SING APORE

ALLOCATION OF PROGRAMMES - PARIS Th e a llo c at i o n o f pro gram m es w ith in build in g s also af fec t the e xperienc e of the c it y . Par i s fe at ures a mo re m ixed -used t y pe w ith com m ercial p rogrammes at the s treet level re s u lt i n g i n t he st reet th at d om in ates th e urban e xperienc e. Singapore on the other hand h as d i st i nc t pro g r a mm es for its respective build in g s, cre ating a more c ompartmentalized e xperien ce of th e cit y .


WALKABLE SPACES - SING APORE

WALKABLE SPACES - PARIS W i t h Pa r i s d o mi n ated by th e street, an d Sin g apore ad opting a c ompartmentalized alloc at ion o f spa c es, a c c essibilit y is a key issue. Sin g apore ’s unique adoption of void dec ks in H D B s c re ates r at her open spaces on th e street level, allowing in a c ertain freedom of a c c e s si b i li t y . Pa r i s o n th e oth er h an d , is d ictated by th e s tric t nature of its s treets that intertw in e th rou g h th e cit y .


VISION OF A GREEN CITY - SING APORE

VISION OF A GREEN CITY - PARIS Bot h c i t i es b e a r a n i nclin ation to th e g reen if ication of the c it y , an as pec t of the c it y e xp e r ie n c ed o n a per so nal level. Paris h as park s peppered around the c it y - e xperienc ed da il y by p a r i si a n s. S i n g apore on th e oth er h an d be ars a n image of a green c it y - with g reen b u f fer s every wh ere th at can n ot be e xperienc ed, bu t only to admire.


PARIS

PMR DENSITY 2

498 DENSITY STUDIES


Wynne Chen George Fung

Wish Vitayathana gorn =KDQJ+XL+XL

499 T E R Rconte ITORIA Singapore (Pinnacle HDB model) set in Paris xtL

DENSITY MODEL


SINGAPORE

SMR DENSITY 1

486 DENSITY STUDIES


Wynne Chen George Fung

Wish Vitayathana gorn =KDQJ+XL+XL

487 Paris (mid-rise housing) set in Singapore conte xt

TERRITORIAL DENSITY MODEL


Territorial Frameworks + Studio Go West studies the polarities of the Singapore/Paris urban models, setting up interesting discourse into the future of cities. The studio embarked upon the project as a large-scale collaborative research, comparatively breaking down the themes of urban success and formation into the questions of Territory, Density, Infrastructure, Social, Nature, Economics, Politics, Urban Form and Typology.

TERRITORIAL FRAMEWORKS Erik L’Heureux

STUDIO GO WEST Florian Schätz

Ang Jia Cong Wynne Chen Samantha Chia Theresa Chua George Fung Eugene Ong Arvind Roy Diana Tjong Wish Vitayathanagorn Zhang Huihui

Armelle Breuil Stanisław Butelski Chen Yi Li William Kwan-Terry Law Jia-Hao Josef Odvárka Pua Xin Er Wang En Shen


GEORGE FUNG georgefungkj@gmail.com +65 91146393


George Fung Architecture Portfolio 2016