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Qihao Weng 391876

DESIGN STUDIO AIR JOURNAL


Design studio Air

CONTENTS

Part1 Case For Innovation 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Precedent Projects 1.3 Computational Architecture 1.4 Parametric Modelling

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Part2 2.1 Design Approach: Case Study 1.0

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CASE FOR INNOVATION Part 1


Design studio Air

1.1 Introduction

My name is Qihao Weng, I was born in china and this is my third year in this course. Digital Architecture: I have learned to use digital program Google sketch up from the first year of virtual environment, after I touched the Rhino, the Sketch Up was no longer exist in my life. However I am still a beginner of the program and of course never used grasshopper or any other parametric programs before.

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1.2 Architecture As Discourse

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Design studio Air

Mode-Gakuen Spiral Towers

The project started from 2005 and completed 2008 in Nagoya, japan, designed by Nikken Sekkei group. Those towers were designed for the education which contains three towers staggered in a spiral form, it used the truss structured metal to form the each single part of the design. Mode- Gakuen Spiral Tower contained classrooms in the surface, it became sharp narrow at the top, it is obvious to see the changing of rotation axis as it raise, and the natural curves are formed. This building also brought many ecological features, such as ventilation system, double- glazing window, and the central cylinder shaped building can also protect the whole building against the earthquakes. And the cylinder is called an inner truss tube and comprises concrete-fill. Compare with the building to free sculpture, the amazing twisted rounded surface will be a good example. While people are moving, the shape will become more and more creative. Also it will form different shape by travelling through different angle.

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1.2 Architecture As Discourse

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Design studio Air

Crystal Room at Royal Ontario Museum: Crustal Room is one of the best recognizable buildings in Toronto Canada. The architect Daniel Libeskind redesigns the World Trade Centre. The Crystal Room will provide extra galleries in the existing historical building, and the new part is called the “Michael Lee Chin Crystal.” The Michael Lee-Chin Crystal derives its name from the “building’s five intersecting volumes which are reminiscent of crystals.” After the redesign approximately there is half of the entire building is devoted to the gallery space. In each single of the crystal contained a new gallery and the void formed between each of the crystals. The intersection of the traditional and modern architecture also perform the great idea of relationship between history and new. As we can analysis from the plan view, Daniel Libeskind did an excellent job to perfectly bond those two different buildings materials together and finally formed as one of the most attractive building in Toronto. There is an enormous issue for all kind of freeway sculpture, which is the lighting. It is the best part of Michael Lee Chin Crystal. From architecture point of view it is hard to say this building is great looking or excellent idea. But the lighting or those reflecting light from the building is amazing, and so creative. It brought an idea of how to use the light more efficient or form more patterns.

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1.3 Computational Architecture

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Design studio Air

ICD/ITKE RESEARCH PAVILION 2012 The Institute of building structure at university of Stuttgart brought a completion of a fabricated from glass and carbon sculpture. The concept is developed by Jakob Weigele, Manuel Schloz, which based on the lobster’s exoskeleton, ‘At the core of the project is the development of an innovative robotic fabrication process within the context of the building industry based on filament winding of carbon and glass fibers and the related computational design tools and simulation methods.’ In order to receive the actual concept fabric layers structure, the new technology involved transfers the fibers for biological into reinforced construction material. The introducing of the new computational design allowed the higher quality and performance of structure, as the result it formed into a shell with eight meters across, three and half meters tall, but only four millimeters thick. Also from the entire design it contained the shell geometry, and using Permutations and combinations of fibers to create a stable and outstanding façade. Modeling the project is fully develop by computational and robotic production, the material fabric technology and structure were all directly integrated with the computational program, it further transfer into the robot inside of a waterproof manufacturing condition, the circular movement robot placed on the two meters temporary steel frame. It started operating under the process of how the program set.

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1.3 Computational Architecture

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Design studio Air

King’s Cross Station Redevelopment - John McAslan + Partners King’s Cross Station was redevelopment by John Mcaslan and partners in 2012. King’s cross station as the most famous and tradition station in London, it was built in 1852 in northern edge of central London. After several multi-phased reconstructions, the station was gradually transformed into three different styles: renew, modern, Restoration. Obviously the central part of the station now designed as the ‘beating heart’ of the project. It cost five million pounds to redevelop entrance. This design contained 20m rise and spans 150m fully cover the roof, comprising16 steel columns to support the structure. It is easily to see how huge and complex the project would be from the plan. The pattern is radiating into a semi-circle shaped. And the vertically it gradually expand from the bottom to roof, more likely as a leafy tree.John McAslan comments: “It’s incredible to watch the reinvention of the station taking shape into a compelling piece of place-making”

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1.3 Parametric Modeling

MEDIA-TIC BUILDING The MEDIA-TIC building in Barcelona is the Winner of World Building of theYear 2011, “The façade of the MEDIA-TIC does not represent industrial, series construction, instead it evolves and represents digital construction” the digital technology provided the irregular ‘incomplete’ facade. In Barcelona the Gaudí’s work is everywhere, it is the spirit of the entire city. There are so many traditional elements (late 19th century to early 20th century) through the whole Barcelona. It is really difficult to design the facade like Gaudí even using the digital to help. The Media- Tic building is more likely as a comparison to Gaudí’s design. Using the new materials, new technology, and using old Gaudí’s work as reference. Media-Tic building is finally formed. But the Artistic from Gaudi’s work was no longer left. And it is more like as a Huge crippled the debris. The tube-like structure was mostly base on the Gandi;s work. Compare with the image below and Media-tic building, it is obvious to see the similarity of the buildings. Both used irregular convex concave facade, similar cube shaped. Everyone in Barcelona was fully influence by his building. Of course, people‘s aesthetic sense also became twist, irregular. Media- tic building imitate the traditional building in order to provide a receptive building type in Barcelona. 13


Design studio Air

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1.3 Notes

Image:

http://www.achimmenges.net/?p=5561 http://www.archdaily.com/219082/kings-cross-station-john-mcaslan-partners/ http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_ id=17244 http://www.bentley.com/en-US/Engineering+Architecture+Construction+Software+Resourc es/User+Stories/Be+Inspired+Project+Portfolios/United+Kingdom/Kings+Cross+Station+Red evelopment+John+McAslan.htm http://www.arcspace.com/features/daniel-libeskind/michael-lee-chin-crystal/ http://inhabitat.com/mode-gakuen-spiral-towers-by-nikken-sekkei/ http://www.architectureanddesign.com.au/news/industry-news/barcelona-s-media-tic-winsworld-building-of-the-y http://www.peterbennetts.com/project/view/project/media-tic-building-barcelona

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Design studio Air



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