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日本の歴史 JAPANESE HISTORY 1868--Present


Honda Publishing Co. Ltd. New York, NY Š2009


日本の歴史 JAPANESE HISTORY 1868--Present


明治時代 The Meiji Era: A New Beginning The Meiji Era in Japan is a time when its society changed from being an isolated feudal society to take on its modern form. Historians date this period from September 1868 through July 1912. This period represents the first half of the Empire of Japan. The Meiji Era was the single greatest upheaval of Japanese culture in its history. Fundamental changes affected everything from the economy, to foreign relations. 明治天皇 Emperor Meiji, circa 1897

Emperor Meiji (1852 – 1912), was the 122nd emperor of Japan. This is according to the traditional order of succession. Most modern historians would agree that he was in fact the 97 real Emperor, in that the first 25 are most likely just legends. His reign began in 1867 on the death of his father. He presided over a time of rapid change in Japan, as the nation quickly entered the industrial revolution. His personal name was Mutsuhito. Out of respect he is never referred to by his personal name in Japan. At the time of his birth, Japan was an isolated, feudal collection of kingdoms dominated by the Tokugawa Shogunate. The Tokugawa Clan skillfully ruled the Japanese archipelago for more than 250 years. By the time of his death in 1912, Japan had undergone a political, social, and industrial revolution at home and emerged as one of the great powers on the world stage. A detailed account of the state funeral in the New York Times concluded with an observation: "The contrast between that which preceded the funeral car and that which followed it was striking indeed. Before it went old Japan; after it came new Japan

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Royalist conscript troops

The Satsuma Rebellion 西南戦争

Samurai rebel forces

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Japanese history 3