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WATER REPUBLIC A Quarterly Publication of General Santos City Water District • January-March 2017

WHAT’S INSIDE? 3 Editorial 4-11 News • SP Lauds GSCWD for World Water Day Celebration • GSCWD Rep Wins Elementary National Science and Math Quiz • Employees Undergo Surprised Mandatory Drug Test • Phoenix Petroleum Gives Learning Materials to GSCWD’s Adopted Community • Women’s Month: We Make Change Work for Women • Share the Love, Spread the Joy • GSCWD Promotes Use of Wastewater for Sustainable Development

15-16 Employee’s Corner • Employee Association Celebrates 14th Year • GSCWDEA Joins 9th PSEAS Sportsfest • Health Talk: Skip Crash Diet to Prevent Pancreatitis


Engr. Emmanuel Fortunato D. Yaphockun Chairperson

Dr. Francisco N. Lorenzo Vice-Chairperson

Marjorie Bandolon-Cartojano Secretary

17 Opinion • Should Water be Privatized?

18 Spoken Word • You Are

Engr. Leonardo W. Teves Treasurer

Isaias L. Golez Public Information Officer

19 Country’s Pride • Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat

20 Brain Teaser

TOP MANAGEMENT Engr. Arn B. Gellangarin General Manager

12-14 Reports • GSCWD Year-End Report • Pipeline Expansion & Infra Projects for CY 2016-2017 • Summary of Bacteriological Examinations Performed for the Monitoring of the Distribution System of GSCWD

DEPARTMENT MANAGERS Orlinda F. Lascuña, CPA Accounting and Finance

Francisco R. Alolod, Jr., CPA, CESE Commercial Services

Ferdinand S. Ferrer, MPA


The General Santos City Water District envisions playing a vital role in upgrading the life of its people by providing safe, potable, reliable and affordable water service.


We commit to fulfill this vision through sound management, professional staff, efficient service, sustainable development and active participation and partnership with the community in the protection of our water resources.

General Services, Procurement and Property Management

Engr. Rogelio A. Besana, Jr. Engineering and Operations


General Accounting and Payroll


We,the officials and employees of General Santos City Water District are committed to the highest standards in furtherance of our mission of providing safe, potable and reliable water service to the public. We are committed to value: Respect, Integrity, Innovation, Service Excellence, Empowerment and Efficiency.

Sharon Cejas-Gadayan, MPA Customer Care and New Service Connection

Samcelle B. Valenzuela, MPA Billing and Accounts

Jeremias A. Reyes, Jr., MPA

WATER REPUBLIC: The official publication of General Santos City Water District. You may submit your contributions at the GSCWD Community Relations Unit.

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Building and Grounds, Transportation and Water Meter Maintenance

Engr. Cornelio T. Turija, Jr. Water Distribution and Restoration



EDITORIAL BOARD: Sharon Cejas-Gadayan, MPA Editor-in-Chief Vanne Thea G. Balboa Associate Editor WRITERS: Deocyth A. Sarsalejo Cathy Jane J. Martizano Maricel P. Tumaning Emiliano Rafael C. Moredo CONTRIBUTORS: Lipsy Grace C. Lucas Rica Mae O. Alima, CPA Jannene S. Garces Revie Gianne F. Tinio, CPA Donna Mae T. Java Angelica Kate Macalipay Engr. Ma. Celia N. Dandan Ma. Rita B. Barriesses, RMT

About the Cover The cover was used by the United Nations as one of its promotional ads in celebration of WORLD WATER DAY 2017. It says: Over 80% of our wastewater flows back to nature untreated. Instead of wasting it, we need to REDUCE AND REUSE WASTEWATER, and make the water cycle work better for every living thing. A QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF GENERAL SANTOS CITY WATER DISTRICT

Editor’s pen

2016 has brought the city remarkable infrastructure development and General Santos City Water District undoubtedly, was one of the many contributors as evident to the uprising number of barangays -now enjoying water abundance and efficient services of GSCWD. Forwarding to what has been started, at the onset of 2017, continuous construction of water reservoirs and extension of pipes to areas not yet served by GSCWD has been ardently implemented. On the other hand, GSCWD’s community relations has always been strengthened through our Corporate Social Responsibility activities evidently shown as you read the pages. We are in an intensified, constant tie with the different communities in General Santos City to foster relationships, propagate awareness on the importance of water and to strengthen unity in our continued efforts to environmental protection. Indeed, with the collective and concerted efforts willingly exerted by the men and women of General Santos City Water District, and of course, the unwavering cooperation of the community, the attainment of our common goal is realizable. Hence, as GSCWD employees remain steadfast in our commitment to deliver services to the highest standards, I encourage and enjoin our consumers to take part and be our partners in protecting the environment. With everybody collaboratively working to achieve our common goal, it is never far to make General Santos City, truly, a Magandang Gensan! By Sharon Cejas-Gadayan, MPA


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SP Lauds GSCWD for World Water Day Celebration By Vanne Thea G. Balboa

The Sangguniang Panlungsod of the City of General Santos issued a resolution praising General Santos City Water District for its smooth and successful organization of the World Water Day 2017 last March 22. In a joint sponsorship by Councilors Elizabeth Bagonoc and Lourdes Casabuena, duly seconded by Councilors Alberto Pacquiao, Rosalita Nuñez, Shandee Llido-Pestaño, Jose Edmar Yumang and Vandyke Congson, the local legislators of this City passed Resolution No. 263 entitled “Resolution Expressing Profound Congratulations and Commendation to the General Santos City Water District for Successfully spearheading the World Water Day Celebration on March 22, 2017 at Greenleaf Hotel, this City”. In the said resolution, the body recognized the different activities spearheaded by the GSCWD “relevant to the celebration of the World Water Day such as photo and video contest, highly informative forum on wastewater sustainability and security and tree planting activity.” They further found it fitting to applaud GSCWD of this achievement. Said resolution was passed by the Sangguniang Panlungsod during its 33rd Regular Session held on March 28, 2017.

Counalor Elizabeth Bagonoc expresses her commendation to the organizers and management of GSCWD World Water Day 2017 celebration

GSCWD Representative Wins Elementary National Science and Math Quiz By Deocyth A. Sarsalejo

Reven Jay Limen (center) and coach Dhanna Dolores Santos (2nd right) bring pride to the city for winning champion in PAWD’s National Science & Math Quiz 2017

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GSCWD once again bagged the Championship for this year’s National Science & Math Quiz – elementary levelheld last February 1, 2017 at SMEX Convention, Davao City. Reven Jay A. Limen, Grade 6, of GSC SPEd Integrated School represented GSCWD in the said category wherein he outsmarted the representative from Butuan City Water District in a tie breaker. With him is his coach Ms. Dhanna Dolores A. Santos. Prior to this feat in the national stint, Limen bested the representatives from the other water districts in the regional level. His success marked GSCWD’s 3-peat win in the Regional Science & Math Quiz for the elementary level. GSCWD also placed in the High School category. Nicole Mae J. Halasan, a Grade 9 student of General Santos City National High School, represented GSCWD in this category wherein she earned the 2nd spot. With her is coach Alona C. Calanza. This has been PAWD’s 6th year creation of National Science & Math Quiz, with the objective of strengthening awareness about the importance of water, its need for conservation, as well as the existing laws in the land associated with water. A QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF GENERAL SANTOS CITY WATER DISTRICT


Sitio Tinefulan Welcomes New Learning Facility By Lipsy Grace C. Lucas

There are a number of things in the world that could never ever get old such as books. It can live worthwhile for a million years, taking you to your dream destination and letting you explore colorful cultures you heard and never heard of. It can let you taste different types of dishes and exotic cuisines in the world and let you learn various languages you’d love to speak. So as to create a good place for the never-fading and forever-living books, a mini-library was constructed at Sitio Tinefulan. Finding ways to uplift the life of the local community, the GSCWD initiated the mini-library project which will mainly benefit pupils of Kawit Elementary School Extension on their daily learning activities. The project also aims to increase literacy rate in the area. Carried out under the Gender and Development Program of GSCWD, the almost 300,000 worth project was officially inaugurated and turned over to Kawit Elementary School on December 23, 2016. Present during the event were GSCWD employees, faculty members and the locale community. The library erects just beside the multipurpose hall GSCWD built on 2013 under the Watershed Management Program. Because of this new learning facility, the GSCWD is optimistic that this will encourage the locale residents to bring their children to school daily and to watch over them as these learners explore their talents and reach their potentials. GSCWD also believes that books and library can boost children’s literacy and increase their reading and comprehension skills. According to Engr. Mario

Engr. Rogelio Besana (left most) spearheads ceremonial turn-over of the key of the mini-library donated by GSCWD to the community of Sitio Tenifulan

Pelobello, GSCWD Watershed Management Officer, the project aims to provide support to the little learners and to make them enjoy and love literacy all the more. It contains variety of reading materials like textbooks, atlas, dictionary and story books categorically arranged in a bookshelf. Inside the blue-painted half-concrete library are three tables and 12 benches which can be utilized by the library-goers. The classy feature of the blue-colored tiled-floor gives comfort and convenience to the reader not to mention the fresh air coming from the outside relaxed atmosphere through its glass window. Sitio Tinefulan is a distant village located in Brgy. Maligo, Polomolok, South Cotabato--there in the deep mountains where agriculture-based community is found. It is one of the many remote places in the Philippines where getting a quality education is a challenge. Students go to Barangay


Maligo Elementary School which is an 8-kilometer distance from the Sitio and there is no available transportation to convey pupils to the school except of course for a pair of slippers that can go through hours of hiking. It is on this note that Kawit Elementary School, a primary public school located in the neighboring Sitio initiated its extension project and collaborated with GSCWD. The bunkhouse which was built purposely by GSCWD in Sitio Tinefulan to house its community-related events was then donated to the school. Today, it is called the Kawit Elementary School Extension and caters more or less 50 multi-grade students who are far enough to hike back and forth to its main campus. The mini-library project and all of the other undertakings in Sitio Tinefulan has been good evidence that government is not keeping its eyes closed to the necessities of its people. JANUARY-MARCH 2017

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News CIVIC MILITARY PARADE. GSCWD employees during the Kalilangan 2017 opening parade.

Employees Undergo Random Drug Testing By Rica Mae O. Alima, CPA

General Santos City Water District (GSCWD), through the efforts of its Gender and Development (GAD) program, held a Random Drug Testing last March 13, 2017 at the GSCWD office. All employees – from permanent up to Contract of Service appointments – participated to uphold its promise to the public of a Drug-free workplace. DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE. Wilfredo Tayo (left) and Norman Intila (center) proudly show their forms awaiting for urine collection.

Employees were surprised with an announcement during the flag ceremony that a random test will be conducted on the very same day. This is to prevent all employees from taking any measures of avoiding it. As a result, GSCWD attained its goal of collecting a 100% urine samples.

Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations, as well as the Civil Service Commission Memorandum Circular No. 13 series of 2010 which states the Guidelines for a Drug-Free Workplace in the Bureaucracy.

The activity was pursuant to GSCWD Resolution No. 80 series of 2016 which states the approval and the adoption of the Drug-Free Workplace Policy and Program, approved by the Board of Directors last December 6, 2016. The said Policy and Program is in compliance with Article V of the Comprehensive

Alongside of which, signages that say “This is a Drug-free workplace” were posted in the walls of the office’s premises for the purpose of assuring customers that GSCWD is fully committed to take care not only the health, safety and welfare of its employees but even of their families and the customers as

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well. Prior to the conduct of the said activity, an orientation spearheaded by the Gender and Development (GAD) Chairperson, Hanelle B. Balansag, was organized to inform employees about the rationale of the Policy and Program. The management deems the good effect this program might bring not only to the District’s vision of strengthening its ties with the public, but to all various forms of relationships: towards family, friends, co-employees and other agencies.


PARTNER IN NATION BUILDING. To show its commitment in helping achieve a better community, Phoenix Petroleum keeps its promise to help GSCWD protect its adopted watershed. By Vanne Thea G. Balboa

Students of Kawit Elementary School in Sitio Tinefulan, Brgy. Maligo of the Municipality of Polomolok received learning materials from GSCWD’s partner, Phoenix Petroleum Inc. Sixty (60) students from the GSCWD’s adopted watershed were given school supplies which they can use in their pursuit for learning. These included bags,

notebooks, papers, educational toys, pencils, erasers, sharpeners and crayons. In a previous interview, Beethoven Sur, Corporate Affairs Manager of Phoenix Philippines Foundation, Inc., said that their corporate social responsibility activities go way beyond protecting the environment as they are also interested in helping the community such as supporting


educational programs of their partners. “It is very heartwarming to know that there are a lot of people who wants to support us in this cause”, said Ergie Pabon, Forestry Assitant for GSCWD’s Watershed protection program. “We have high hopes for this community and we are always welcome for those interested to partner with us in this advocacy”, he added. JANUARY-MARCH 2017

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Phoenix Petroleum Gives Learning Materials to GSCWD’s Adopted Community


Women’s Month: We Make Change Work for Women

By Jannene S. Garces

Women are considered an important aspect in our society. They do not only act as a mother, a sister, or a daughter but they are an effective instrument of change in our society. March was declared Women’s Month under Proclamation Nos. 224 and 227 and the first week of the month as the Women’s Week as proclaimed by Philippine Law. This year’s Women’s Month celebration has for its theme “We Make Change Work for Women”. The annual celebration aims to achieve gender equality, to strengthen the implementation of Magna Carta of Women, and to empower women not only to be contributors of change but also to gain from it. In line with this, the General Santos City Water District held several activities to help empower women not only for their personal benefits but for the society as well. GSCWD offered a relaxing two-day free manicure, pedicure, foot spa and haircut last March 8-9, 2017 for female employees and

Flower arrangement activity

Free haircut service

Free pampering services

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concessionaires and a two-day free massage for female employees last March 9-10, 2017. Freebies were also given to employees and to customers who weren’t able to avail the free services because of limited time. To give awareness on women’s health, GSCWD also held a lecture about breast and cervical cancer to GSCWD female employees with Dr. Myra Joy Maduramente last March 15, 2017 at GSCWD Boardroom. Causes and medications of the said diseases were included in the lecture and several questions and concerns were raised to Dr. Maduramente. To provide an avenue for GSCWD f e m a l e employees to learn skills and possible source of income, GSCWD sponsored a three-day flower arrangement session last March 15-17, 2017 at the GSCWD Boardroom. Female employees enthusiastically learned the fundamentals of flower arrangement which imparted them not only the skills but also the fun of doing it with their co-employees. Last March 23, 2017, GSCWD employees visited the Substitute Home for Girls (SHFG) located at Barangay Fatima, General Santos City dubbed as “A Day with the Girls”. A short program was held during the said activity where the girls rendered a song and dance number, and had fun playing together with GSCWD employees. The activity concluded with a blowout lunch for the girls together with the SHFG staff. Jocelyn Arzaga, Acting Division Chief, expressed her gratefulness as GSCWD did not only do a one-day visit to SHFG but decided to have a continuous support by adopting the Counselling/ Therapeutic Room as assured by Hanelle B. Balansag (GAD-TWG Chairperson) to provide comfort to the girls during their therapy. Through these activities, GSCWD didn’t just empower women with skills and knowledge but also to be important instruments of change. A QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF GENERAL SANTOS CITY WATER DISTRICT


SERVICE AND COMPASSION. GSCWD extends assistance to the families affected by the fire incident in Brgy. Calumpang.

Share the

Love, Spread the Joy

By Cathy Jane J. Martizano

The best way to express love is by giving and sharing to others what we have. General Santos City Water District (GSCWD) held a 2-day gift-giving activity last December 20-21, 2016 to two (2) chosen schools beneficiary. Dubbed as “Eskwela Kampanya Year 2”, selected GSCWD employees visited the 636 pupils of Ondok Gawan Elementary School (OGES) at Barangay San Jose, General Santos City on the first day of its gift-giving activity. An orientation on hygiene and sanitation entitled “Personal Hygiene and Water Conservation/Sanitation” was conducted wherein students were taught how to properly take care of their bodies by maintaining a clean and healthy body. This activity aimed to promote health and sanitation among the youth. Hygiene kits and tokens were also given away to all the pupils who participated.

To highlight the activity, GSCWD donated one projector and one screen projector to the school. Through this, GSCWD hopes to somehow aid the school in providing quality education to the students especially that the school is young and still needs a lot of educational materials.

Fifty-four (54) families of the said Sitio received a basket of grocery items while the children received school supplies and toys. The activity was made possible through GSCWD’s Gender and Development Program.

On the second day, “Pasko sa Bukid” was held at Kawit Elementary School at Sitio Tinefulan, Barangay Maligo, Polomolok, South Cotabato. The event was made timely for the inauguration and turnover of the mini-library donated by GSCWD which was witnessed by the community in the said area.

Eskwela Kampanya Year 2 at Ondok Gawan Elementary School


Pasko sa Bukid at Kawit Elementary School Ext.


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GSCWD Promotes Use of Wastewater for Sustainable Development By Vanne Thea G. Balboa

General Santos City Water District was one with the world as it celebrated World Water Day 2017 last March 22. Activities such as the forum, photo and video contest, and the annual tree growing activity were conducted to emphasize this year’s theme “Water and Wastewater”. The forum, entitled “Wastewater: Sustainability and Security in Health of Humans and Ecosystem”, was held with the aim to educate and inculcate among the people the importance of utilizing wastewater. Dr. Buenaventura Dargantes, a professor on socio-ecology from the Visayas State University and resource speaker for the said forum, mentioned that there is a need to reduce and reuse wastewater especially in the City of General Santos mainly because it is the third driest city in the country. Despite that, Engr. Rogelio Besana, Jr., Department Manager for Engineering and Operations

(from center left) Dr. Buenaventura Dargantes, GM Arn Gellangarin and BOD Secretary Marjorie Cartojano together with the participants from Mindanao State University - Gensan.

Department, assured that the city is not experiencing any shortage in water supply. “We are required to monitor the status of water levels of each deep

Dr. Buenaventrura Dargantes lectures on the interaction of water-wastewater and its effect to the ecosystem.



well and we haven’t recorded any significant increase in draw down so far. This means that our water supply underground hasn’t decreased yet despite extractions for the purpose of distributing water supply to our concessionaires”, said Besana. “However, we encourage people to conserve water in any way possible. Let us not wait for that time where water becomes a scarce resource in this city. By reducing and reusing wastewater, we do not just lessen our cost of water consumption, we are also contributing to the sustainability of our water resources”, he added. According to Dr. Dargantes, “Exploiting this valuable resource will make the water cycle work better for every living thing. And we will help achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 6 target to halve the proportion of untreated wastewater and increase water recycling and safe reuse.” In a press release made by the United Nations in 2014, the Sustainable Development Goal



A participant during the tree-growing activity teaches a kid from the community the importance of planting trees.

(SDG) is a 17-point goal with 169 targets covering different sustainable issues. These included ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change, and protecting oceans and forests. Each year, World Water Day focuses on different water issues. This year’s theme aims to highlight the symbiosis between water and wastewater in the quest for sustainable development. Aside from the forum, GSCWD also held its 2nd Photo and Video contest wherein entries must reflect this year’s theme. Clorich B. Cardiente, a college student from Mindanao State University, placed first among

the sixteen photo entries with her entry entitled “Fetched Help”. Her entry portrays an innocent child fetching water from a dirty lake. In her caption, Cardiente said that the photo symbolizes a child who is in need of help from the adults that surrounds her to stand and grow out of the place. The entries “In the Ricefield” by Rollens Etang and “The Importance of Water” by Allan Jay Resane placed second and third respectively. Meanwhile, Alan Filoteo’s “Recycle Wastewater”, a documentary video entitled on the use of wastewater and its corresponding benefits was hailed first followed by Joery Duco’s “Patak” and Rommelle Tesoro’s “Everything”.


“We celebrate World Water Day as part of our Information Education Campaign.”, said Francisco Alolod Jr., Department Manager for Commercial Services. “We aim to strengthen and increase awareness among the people the importance of conserving water. Despite the abundance we enjoy, its conservation must be our primary concern as it is a matter that does not only affect us but even the generations to come”, he added. World Water Day is celebrated internationally as recommended by the United Nations as a means of focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. JANUARY-MARCH 2017



GSCWD Year-End Report As of December 2016






Source: Mainline Expansion, Rehabilitation, and Civil Works Division

By: Engr. Ma. Celia N. Dandan Division Manager






To determine the safety and acceptability of drinking water supply, appropriate laboratory examinations should be conducted on representative samples of water taken at all critical stages in the production and consumption of water supply. The Philippine National Standards for Drinking Water (PNSDW) has set the standard for water utilities in the supply of water in every community. Intentional and intensive monitoring of the water being supplied to the community of General Santos City by the GSC Water District conforms and even go beyond the required number of bacteriological examinations monthly to ensure the public that GSCWD has its own laboratory to check the water quality for the benefit of our concessionaires. The Physical & Chemical analysis is also done in Davao City every six months as required by the Department of Health. The listed sampling points were collected and examined for the last three (3) months yielding a satisfactory and acceptable results of potability. The General Santos City Water District will closely monitor every activity set forth by the authority in the system of monitoring the quality of water in all phases of production and distribution for the public.

By: Ma. Rita B. Barriesses, RMT Medical Technologist III




By Maricel P. Tumaning

14 Year

In every comradeship, there should always be a time to celebrate its existence. General Santos City Water District Employees Association (GSCWDEA) celebrated its 14th Anniversary last March 18, 2017. Mixed Universe 2017 became the highlight of the said celebration where six male employees accepted the challenge of becoming a beauty queen. In the end, Wardey Eliang won the crown who dazzled the crowd with his confident smile, unique talent, fabulous outfits and graceful walk. Members were also able to showcase their talents and abilities in the Cartoon Character themed celebration. Members were grouped into different teams wherein they were able to display their diverse and unique talents. Participants from each team were picked on the spot for the “Tawag ng Tanggalan” singing contest wherein contestant shall sing a particular song without missing any single lines. Ergie Pabon, Public Information Officer for GSCWDEA, said that it will continue to establish strong collaboration with the management of General Santos City Water District. Members are therefore expected to give their full support and participation in achieving its goals with enthusiasm, renewed skills, developed talents and overwhelming expectations of joy and harmonious companionship. The occasion was also witnessed by GSCWD’s General Manager, Engr. Arn B. Gellangarin, department heads, and division heads.

O’price Nepomuceno (2nd left-below) on his last day of holding the tittle Ms. Mixed Universe. A QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF GENERAL SANTOS CITY WATER DISTRICT

Richard Ibay (left) and Wardey Eliang (right) before the announcement of winner for Mixed Universe 2017 JANUARY-MARCH 2017



Employee Association Celebrates th



GSCWDEA Joins 9th PSEAS Sportsfest

John Lasmarias (first runner) runs barefoot to make running easier due to the sandy track. By Emiliano Rafael C. Moredo

T’boli knoon! This is what you will hear when you visit the town of T’boli which hosted the 9th Public Sector Employees Alliance SOCSKSARGEN Sporsfest held October 26-29, 2016.

27 employees’ organizations of different local government agencies around SOCSKSARGEN competed in this friendly competition, including the General Santos City Water District Employees Association (GSCWDEA). GSCWDEA was able to secure 1st Runner-up in the 400-meter mixed relay. Members of the team were Renato Mamac, John Lasmarias, Judy Pasman and Vanne Balboa. One of the highlights in the said event was Sikad a 22 kilometer mountain bike race which started from the terminal of the Municipality of Surallah up to the event grounds of T’boli. Other events played during the sportsfest were basketball for men, volleyball for men and women and kickball for women. Sarangani Province Employees Union (SPEU) was declared over-all Champion. 1st Runner-up was tied by T’boli Rank and File Employees Association (TRAFEA) and Columbio Municipal Employees Association (COLMEA), 2nd Runner-up was claimed by Bagumbayan Employees Organization (BAGEO), and Malapatan Government Employees Association (MALGEA) bagged the 3rd Runner-up.

Skip Crash Diet To Prevent Pancreatitis Researched by: Donna Mae T. Java

Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas becomes inflamed and the digestive enzymes that should only be active inside intestines start digesting the pancreas itself. It is a painful condition which affects digestion that will lead to vomiting, bloating, fever or diarrhea. This may also develop into serious nutritional deficiencies. It can be acute pancreatitis which only occurs suddenly and can be treated with antibiotics and pain medication or it can become chronic pancreatitis that gets worse over time. Weight loss activity must be done gradually. Crash diet or extremely low calorie intake that results to quick weight loss impacts the salt and cholesterol contents of bile and emptying gallbladder, both of which can contribute to formation of gallstones. This may trigger acute pancreatitis if they get lodged in the common bile duct. Excessive alcohol consumption is another cause. In fact, it can develop within 16


hours or up to 2 days after heavy drinking. Other causes of pancreatitis include high level of fat and calcium in blood, abdominal injury that damages pancreas, hormonal abnormalities, viral infection and genetic abnormalities of the pancreas. Pancreatitis, if left unmanaged, can be a serious condition. To prevent it from occurring in the future, skip crash diet. Instead, have a lowfat diet by eating whole grains, variety of fresh fruits, and vegetables, limit alcohol consumption, exercise regularly and avoid smoking or in simple saying, make appropriate and healthy lifestyle Sources:



Should Water be privatized? By Revie Gianne F. Tinio, CPA

Water is one of the most fundamental human needs. As a local water district, our thrust is to provide safe, potable and reliable water service and make sure that the people have access to this service. Unfortunately, we are facing an increasing inaccessibility to our most basic needs such as food, water, housing, electricity, transportation and the like. It must be at these times that the government’s efforts be geared towards protecting existing resources, enhancing conservation efforts and creating public awareness about an impending crisis that could threaten the lives of many. Government responsibility should first be directed to the primary needs and interests of the people. However, we cannot avoid hearing the word “Privatization” when the global water crisis is involved. Even other social services such as electricity, infrastructure, communication and transportation are being passed on to the hands and are already being managed by the private sectors, entered first through the public-private partnership and consequently to the acquisition and full control of these services. For us in the public water utility, it’s a bit alarming knowing that sooner or later, our very own local water district will pass through this predicament. Though it is a complex process and entails a lot of study to become feasible, many private investors are looking at for the possibility of a partnership with them. The survival of water utilities then, relies on the decisions made behind closed doors – corporate boardrooms and government offices most of the time. While it could be said that privatization rescues the ineffectiveness of government’s A QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF GENERAL SANTOS CITY WATER DISTRICT

responsibility to some social services, it remains a fact that it does not serve the interest of the people. Privatization will lead water to rate increase. Local control and public rights will be transferred to private sector making it hard to ensure that best interest of the community is served. Sadly, it could lead to massive lay-offs, putting service and water quality at risk due to understaffing. Further Water becomes a marketable commodity not a human right. Its prime directive would be to maximize profits, not protect the consumers. If water rights are handed over to entities whose declared purpose is to maximize profits rather than to serve the public good, hundreds of millions — perhaps billions — of people will be elbowed out of their access to water. If these needs are sacrificed and are not well-guarded from potential abuse and exploitation of some, then a big No it is for privatization.




YOU ARE My heart turned to black As black as the mistake that you made That accused me over and over That never made me sleep That seemed to tear our worlds apart But i never thought that mistake That made this heart black Could turn it into red, yellow, blue Name it You can name all the colors All the categories you can fit into That beautiful mind of yours But you can never fit this Horrible mistake that turned into a daydream That turned into a dream i never thought my heart was longing for That when you smile at me I can never fathom how all of this started Because of a mistake A dreaded word for humanity But a word I would never dread Because it turned this world from black to white To all the colors you can imagine All the music you can hear All the complexities of life That can never be understood But while I waste my time scribbling away all the possibilities To understand, to be understood and to ask why The only thing that circles my mind is that I love you And the perfection that has influenced My perception is life is now crashed Scattered among the winds Never coming back

Because after all the time That you loved me, wounded me and healed me I saw how perfection could be the least possible things Here on the land we stand But i can never seem to understand That even if it scattered away All i could think of perfection is you How perfectly imperfect you are How I can see how hate has dominated everything else But how compassion makes a difference How loss can pause a life but how acceptance motivates it How scars can cut you deep but how love can see the beauty in it How two different oceans meet How I wanted to touch the sky How I always see clouds as cotton bunnies And how you made me feel these things That i never felt And now I’m feeling life Because of a mistake But darling don’t ever think that mistake was you Because you are so much more than this world can label you You are a treasure beyond all the dirt being piled up against you You are the ray of every sun that makes the sunrise beautiful You are the yellow and blue in every green The bird’s song in the wind The waves in every sea Darling, you are the very small details that make the bigger picture magnificent But darling, after all of these colors and voices and facades and masks and honest conversations You are the heartbeat that I can’t live without By: Angelica Kate Macalipay




(1580-1 671) Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat (also spelled Qudarat), (1581 - 1671) was a Sultan of Maguindanao. During his reign, he successfully repelled Spanish efforts to conquer his sultanate and hindered the Christianization of Mindanao. He was a direct descendant of Shariff Kabungsuan, a Muslim missionary who propagated the Islamic faith in 14th century Mindanao. After succeeding his father in 1619, he conquered several datus and made himself the master of the Pulangui area. He also controlled present-day Cagayan de Oro and Caraga territories and made Misamis and Bukidnon his tributaries. He was able to negotiate with the Dutch and the Spaniards so that they recognize his sovereignty over these lands. The Spaniards tried but failed to conquer him in all battles. The Spaniards were systematically defeated and forced to ransom their soldiers from the sultan. GovernorGeneral Alonso Fajardo signed a treaty with Kudarat on June 25, 1645 which allowed Spanish missionaries to minister to the needs of the Christians in Mindanao, allowed a church built, and trade was allowed in the sultan’s territories. War once more flared in 1658 when Mindoro, Bohol and Leyte were sacked. Spain was unable to dominate the lands under Sultan Kudarat’s rule. Defender of Islamic Faith and Philippine Liberty In about 1580, just a few decades after the Spaniards landed in the Philippines, the son of Rajah Buisan and Princess Imbeg of Jolo, Dipatuan Kudarat, was born in Lanao del Sur. In 1619, he succeeded the throne from

his father. Trained in leadership and warfare during his childhood, the new Sultan proved to be brave, intelligent, and cunning in leading his people and enlarging the territory of his kingdom. By 1626, he gained control in most part of Mindanao except for Dapitan, Cagayan de Oro, and Caraga while Misamis and Bukidnon became his tributaries. A cunning Sultan, he controlled the lucrative slave market and he refused to sell slaves to the Dutch traders on the principle that people converted to Islam could not be sold as slaves. One who could not be pressured by interference, he made treatise with the Dutch for them to recognize his sovereignty. He did the same thing with the Spaniards many years later. When the Spaniards built a fort in Zamboanga in 1635, Sultan Kudarat knew that it would be deterrent to his absolute rule. He felt that he had to forestall the massive invasion of the Spaniards in Mindanao, thus, he attacked that coastal villages in the Visayas and forged a stronger tie with other Muslim leaders by marrying one of his sons to the daughter of the Rajah of Sulu. The Spaniards, realizing Sultan Kudarat’s power, sent out expeditionary forces to stop him. Governor Hurtado de Corcuera led the first expedition in 1637 and attacked Lamitan, Kudarat’s capital, but the sultan retreated to Ilihan. There the pursuing Spanish forces caught up with him. Consequently, a fierce battle, which lasted for two days, ensued. Kudarat was wounded in the battle so he retreated with his remaining warriors to seek refuge in Sabanilla, which, however, fell to the Spanish forces under Major Pedro del Rio in 1639. The Spanish forces failed, however, to capture Sultan Kudarat, who managed to seek refuge in Maranao and had rallied other Muslim datus to fight the Spaniards. In 1642, Major Agustin de Marmolejo, a Spanish naval officer, led an attack Kudarat’s forces in Simuay but was strongly repulsed. Only him and six of his soldiers survived after the battle. Because of this, the Spanish governor, shamed and infuriated, ransomed Marmolejo and had him tried by the military court on alleged disobedience to military orders. The trial resulted to Marmolejo’s public execution at the presidio of Zamboanga. Sultan Kudarat remained unfazed. He became more powerful when other Muslims pledged him allegiance.


The Iranun datus pledged him support; the Basilans were invited to make settlements in Sibuguey; the Malanaos upheld his leadership; the people of Sagir, Sarangani and along the Davao Gulf became his vassals. The seafaring people in Barong, Suaco and the Kuran area in Northeast Borneo also paid him tributes. On June 25, 1645, Spanish Governor Fajardo, tired of waging war that were all unsuccessful, signed a treaty with Sultan Kudarat through Father Alejandro Lopez. The pact allowed the Spaniards to trade and the missionaries to minister to the needs of Christians at Tamontaka, which is within the Sultan’s domain. The pact also recognized his rule over the whole of Southern Mindanao except for the settlements of Bansayan, Taraka, Didagun and the Lanao area. As a pandita or a spiritual leader, it was his moral responsibility to protect his religion, claiming that a person could attain salvation whether he was a Muslim or a Christian; the opposite of what Jesuit Father Alejandro Lopez was proselytizing that only Christians could be saved. This issue on salvation was one of the factors why Father Alejandro was killed in 1655. Three years after the priest died, Sultan Kudarat declared a jihad or holy war against Spain for its deliberate actions to crash the Islamic faith. During his reign, he bravely defended and maintained the independence of his people from the Spanish authorities. His kingdom boomed in agriculture, trade and commerce. The great and respected Sultan of Southern Mindanao died before 1660. Hundred of years since then, Sultan Kudarat is still remembered not only in history books but also by the structures or places that were named in his honor. In 1973, a town in Cotabato was created and was named Sultan Kudarat. In the same year, his monument was erected in Ayala Circle in Makati, Manila and part of its inscription reads: “Unable to conquer Kudarat, the Spanish Governor signed a pact with him that led to several years of peace. He was a fearless fighter and Filipino Hero in Defense of the Islamic Faith and Philippine Liberty.” Reference: Eminent Filipinos. Manila: National Historical Commission, 1970. Filipinos in History. Manila: National Historical Institute, 1989. Quirino, Carlos. Who’s who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.


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