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Read the following text. THE ROMANS In Ancient History the first civilizations appeared: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome. One of the most important was the Roman Empire. Roman civilization began in Italy in the 8th century BC* and finished in the 5th century AD*. They dominated the Greeks, Carthaginians, Celts and Iberians. The Romans conquered the Iberian Peninsula and called it Hispania. The population adopted the language and the customs of the Romans. Their language was Latin and the Spanish and Catalan languages come from Latin. This process was called “Romanisation�. Here are some important facts: -

They founded a lot of cities.

-

They wrote the first laws*: there were slaves* and free* people. Free people had rights*. They could be part of the government, vote and have lands. Slaves had no rights. They were the property of free people. A woman could be free but she did not have the same rights as a man. She always had to depend on a man, that could be her father, brother or later, her husband.

-

The

Romans

built

different

structures:

theatres,

circuses,

amphitheatres, thermal bath houses, triumphal arches, columns, bridges, aqueducts... -

They invented the wheel, so transport and trade were developed.

-

They created a system of stone roads.

-

Culture was developed: architecture, mosaics, sculptures, literature, mythology...

MAIN VOCABULARY: -

BC: Before Christ

- LAW: rules, regulations

-

AD: Anno Domini

-SLAVE: servant with no rights

-

RIGHTS: Privileges

- FREE: with liberty


1. After reading the text, complete the following charts. THE ROMAN EMPIRE

began in

Called the Iberian Peninsula

dominated

spoke

THE ROMANS

founded

wrote

built different structures

-

invented

created


2. Answer the following questions. Use the text and the charts in exercise 1. Work in pairs and try to find the right answer. What do you think about question number one?

I am not sure. I think the answer could be...

I am sure the answer is... I have no idea Let’s check the text

1. Name four important civilizations that appeared in Ancient History. ........................................................................................................................................ 2. Where and when did the Roman Empire begin? ........................................................................................................................................ 3. What did the Romans call the Iberian Peninsula? ........................................................................................................................................ 4. What language did the Romans speak? ........................................................................................................................................ 5. What do historians call the process by which people adopted the language and customs of the Romans? ........................................................................................................................................ 6. Name two types of people you could find in the Roman Empire ........................................................................................................................................ 7. Write five different structures that the Roman built ........................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................ ................................................... 8. What did they invent? ........................................................................................................................................ .......................................................................................................................................


9. Why were transport and trade developed? ........................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................ 10. What did they create? ........................................................................................................................................ 11. When did the Roman Empire finish? ........................................................................................................................................

3. Now complete the following text:

In

Ancient

History

the

first

important

civilizations

appeared:

.........................................., .........................................., ..............................................and ...............................................were the most important ones. Roman civilization began in ............................................BC in................................................. They called the Iberian Peninsula.......................................Their language was.....................and Catalan and Spanish come from this language. This process was called.............................................. Some important things to remember: in the Roman society there were.......................................and

free

people,

they

founded

a

lot

of............................................, wrote the first laws, built different structures such as theatres, circuses, ........................................, ......................................, ................................................., .............................................

........................................, They

invented

...................................and

the...........................................and

created a system of stone................................................

introduction to the roman empire  

introduction to the romans