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ROMAN TIMES A ROMAN CITY Two thousand years ago the Romans ruled a very large empire. They built new towns and cities throughout their empire. 1. Label the places using the words in the box.

2. Let’s think.... What do you think the Romans went to these places for? Finish the following sentences using the words from the box. to honour their gods

to buy things

to watch chariot races

to see plays

to do business

to wash

1. The Romans went to the market............................................................... 2. They went to the basilica .........................................................................


3. They went to the public baths........................................................... 4. They went to the temple ..................................................................... 5. They went to the theatre..................................................................... 6. They went to the stadium.................................................................... CITY LIFE Rome was the biggest and most important city in the Roman Empire. It had many important public building and recreational facilities 3. Listen and complete the following texts with the words in the box. afternoon

basilicas

buildings

swimming pool

public baths

areas

square

temples

The Baths

The Forum

Most homes didn’t have baths, so Roman cities had.....................................People went to the baths to wash, meet friends and relax. The women usually went to the baths in the morning. The Forum was a large .................... in the centre of Rome. It was the most important public place in the city. It had

many

public

buildings

monuments.

There

were

government

and

several

..................................in

the

Forum. The emperor and his senators ruled the empire from the Senate House. The Romans built many................in the Forum. They went there to honour different gods. They also built many................................in the Forum. In the Basilica Aemilia, there were law courts and many shops. People went there to do business.

The

men

went

there

in

the............................................... The baths had many different..................... There were rooms with hot, warm and cold water. There were areas for exercise too. The Baths of Trajan were the biggest public baths in the city of Rome. There were

also

gardens

and

big.....................................................Swimming was a popular exercise in Roman Times.

a


4. Tick the correct sentences according to the texts. 1. The Forum was a public square. government building.

2. The Senate House was the ce centre of the government. home of the emperor.

3.The Basilica Aemilia was

4. Women went to the baths

a religious centre.

in the afternoon.

a business centre.

in the morning.

5. People went to the baths to

6. The Baths of Trajan had

wash and meet friends.

shops and law courts.

honour the gods.

a swimming pool

5.Answer the following questions. 1. What was the most important public place in Rome? .............................................................................................................................................. 2.What buildings were in the Forum? .............................................................................................................................................. 3.Why were there public baths in Rome? ............................................................................................................................................ 4.What were the biggest baths in Rome? ...........................................................................................................................................


6.Complete the following sentences with the correct word. 1. The............................................................ruled the empire. ROREMEP 2. People went to the...................................................to do business. CABALISI 3. People went to the................................................to see plays. REATETH 4. People went to the ..................................................to watch chariot races. DIUTAMS 5. People went to the ................................................to honour the gods. PLEMET


ENTERTAINMENT Public entertainment was an important part of Roman life. Do you think it was very different from today? 7. Read the texts and match them with the pictures below. 1. The Romans went to the theatre to see plays. The most popular plays were comedies. All of the actors were men. They usually wore masks.

2.The Romans went to the amphitheatre to watch gladiator fights. These fights were very popular. The best gladiators became rich and famous.

The biggest theatre in Rome was Pompey’s Theatre. It was a semicircular  building. It had room for about 28,000 spectators.

The biggest amphitheatre in Rome was the Colosseum. It was a circular building. It had room for about 50,000 spectators.

A:

B:

C:

3.The Romans went to the stadium to watch chariot races. There were four chariot teams: the Reds, Whites, Greens and Blues. Everyone supported their favourite team.

The biggest stadium in Rome was the Circus Maximus. It was a long oval O building. It had room for about 250,000 spectators!


8.Complete: PLACE Pompey’s Theatre

Colosseum (amphitheatre)

Circus Maximus (stadium)

SHAPE

ENTERTAINMENT SPECTATORS FACTS


PUBLIC WORKS The Romans built many large public works, like roads and bridges. We can see some of these structures in Spain. We can see some of these structures in Spain.

1. Complete. Use the words from the box.

2. Write about the pictures. 1. The Romans built............................................................................................... They built it to........................................................................................................ 2. The Romans ....................................................................................................... They built them to..................................................................................................


3. The Romans.......................................................................................................... They built it to.................................................................................................... 4. The Romans.......................................................................................................... They built it to.................................................................................................... 5. The Romans........................................................................................................... They built it to....................................................................................................


UNIT 2: ROMAN TIMES. MY GLOSSARY ENGLISH

CATALAN


roman times  

entertainment, city life

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