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KEYNOTE LECTURES AND WORKSHOP WITH TUTORS I VALENCIA, SPAIN, 18 NOVEMBER 2016

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016, WoBD 2016 Spanish Group of IABSE

Organized by the Spanish Group of IABSE I Supported by the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos (School of Civil Elgineering), the Dept. of Construction Engineering and Civil Engineering Projects, and the Dept. of Continuos Media and the Theory of Structures of the Universitat Politècnica de València I Organizing Committee: Roberto Cerdeiriña del Tío - José María Goicolea - M. Dolores G. Pulido - José Antonio Lozano Galant - Fernando Madrazo Aguirre - Antonio Martínez Cutillas - Ignacio Payá Zaforteza Roberto Revilla Angulo - Laurent Rus Jenni I Local Committee: Carlos Lázaro Fernández – Salvador Monleón Cremades

Up-to-date info on: http://issuu.com/geiabse/docs/wobd2016


WoBD 2016

EVENT OVERVIEW

EVENT OVERVIEW After the positive outcome of the Workshop on Bridge Design 2014 and the Workshop on Bridge Design 2015 (http://issuu.com/geiabse/docs/workshop_on_bridge_design; https://issuu.com/ geiabse/docs/wobd2015) in Madrid, the Spanish Group of IABSE organizes the next Workshop on Bridge Design 2016. The aim of this event consists of promoting design, inspiring future generations and bringing together young designers with leading designers. It will feature talks by renowned Master and Junior speakers and an innovative workshop on bridge design guided by experts. A problem statement (footbridge) is provided at the end of this brochure for the proper development of the participants’ ideas prior to the workshop. The workshop is aimed at Young Civil Engineers and Architects and students. The participation will be validated with ECTS in several Spanish Universities (such as CEU San Pablo, UPM, and UCLM, among others).

WHEN?

November 18th, 2016

WHERE?

Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos (School of Civil Engineering), Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia.

PRICE?

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 EVENT OVERVIEW

50€ (workshop registration) For the registration, please send us the filled registration form prior November 18th.

ABOUT IABSE The International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, IABSE, was founded in 1929. Today, IABSE has about 4,000 members in over 100 countries. The mission of IABSE is to promote the exchange of knowledge and to advance the practice of structural and bridge engineering worldwide in the service of the profession and society. To accomplish the mission, IABSE organizes conferences and publishes the quarterly journal Structural Engineering International (SEI), as well as reports and other monographs. IABSE also presents annual awards for outstanding achievements in research and practice. IABSE deals with all kinds of structures, materials and aspects of structural engineering. More info: www.iabse.org

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WoBD 2016

SCHEDULE

SCHEDULE November 17th 15:00 h – 18:00 h

Guided tour of the bridges over the ancient Valencia river, including the site of the contest footbridge.

08:30 h – 09:00 h

Registration. Sala de Juntas. Edificio 4H. ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos.

09:00 h – 09:10 h

Presentation of the event. Salón de Actos, Edificio 4H, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos.

November 18th

M. Dolores G. Pulido - Chair of the Spanish Group of IABSE José Antonio Lozano Galant - Chair of the Young Engineers Board of IABSE

09:10 h – 10:50 h

Lectures. Salón de Actos, Edificio 4H, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos.

Salvador Monleón, Universitat Politècnica de València Carlos Lázaro, Universitat Politècnica de València “Recent experiences of intervention on historical bridges” David Knight, Flint & Neill “Moving bridges – collaboration and design”

10:50 h – 11:20 h

Coffe Break

11.20 h – 13.00 h

Lectures. Salón de Actos, Edificio 4H, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos.

Fernando Ibáñez, Degree of Freedom “Nordic design made in Spain in the field of bridges and building structures” Ed McCann, Expedition Engineering “Engineering alchemy – An examination of the real but surprising ingredients of great projects”

13:00 h – 14:00 h 14:00 h – 15:00 h

Lunch Break

15:00 h – 18:00 h

Workshop. Aula F1, Edificio 4Q, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos.

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 SCHEDULE

Round Table. Salón de Actos, Edificio 4H, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos. “What is a good design? How can it be produced?” Moderator: Ignacio Payá Zaforteza

December 9th 24:00 h

Submission of the elaborated proposals via email (geiabse@ceu.es)

December 15th 21:00 h

Communication by email of the winning proposals (a diploma and several books on bridges will be awarded for the best designs)

All presentations and the Round Table will be webcast live through streaming. The web address is the following: https://videoapuntes.upv.es/streaming/4ffe3ef0-aa40-11e6-871f-9161f5b643ea. Questions to the speakers and comments during the Round Table from the virtual audience can be made through #WoBD2016 and geiabse@ceu.es

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WoBD 2016

PARTICIPANTS

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 PARTICIPANTS

PARTICIPANTS

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Ed McCann Expedition Engineering, UK

Salvador Monleón School of Civil Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain

Ed joined Expedition Engineering in 2002. Along with Chris, Ed is responsible for identifying and setting the strategic direction of the practice. Ed is an experienced project director and specialises in complex multi-disciplinary projects. He is an innovative and creative designer with a particular interest in environmental performance and is the Director responsible for many of the firm’s projects, including the 2012 Olympic Velodrome and the Infinity Bridge. Ed has a particular interest in education and is an active member of the JBM which is the body of accreditation of University Civil Engineering programmes in the UK. He frequently lectures and runs workshops in the UK and internationally. He is currently co-director of the Royal Designers for Industry summer school.

Salvador Monleón, born 1956, is MSc in Civil Engineering, Professional Engineer and Doctor in Structural Engineering. He is Professor for Bridge Design at the School of Civil Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de València (Spain). As a professional engineer, he has led the conceptual design and participated in the structural design and supervision of a number of medium span bridges with different materials, construction techniques and structural types, ranging from single and multi-span girders, arches, bow-strings to cable stayed bridges. Examples of these are: Footbridge over the Serpis River in Gandía (1990), “Pont de la Generalitat” in Elx (1996), “Pont del Regne” bridge in Valencia (1998), Bridge over the Xuquer River in Cullera (2007), Bridge over the Turia River in Manises (2009), and Bridge over the Ter River in Sant Quirze (2015). He has done significant research on new formulations of mathematical models for different structural elements, on the application of recycled concrete to bridge construction, and on the design of innovative structural systems. He has been curator of expositions on relevant Spanish bridge designers: “Juan José Arenas, líneas de verdad” (2003) and “Carlos Fernández Casado SL, de parte a parte” (2004).


Fernando Ibáñez Degree of Freedom, Valencia Office

David Knight Flint & Neill, UK

Fernando Ibañez is currently Director of the Valencia office of Degree of Freedom leading the design of many signature bridge projects and other special structures. Recent bridge projects are varied and include the Naustdal bridge; a pedestrian suspension bridge with a 144m main span over an environmental sensitive river crossing in the region of the Norwegian fjords, the 550m long road bridge over the Randselva river near Kistefos, or the 74m long pedestrian bridge in Norrtälje including a swing moveable double-span. In the field of building, current projects include the 7 storey timber structure of the SpareBank headquarters in Stavanger. His experience has included the successful delivery of complex projects from concept through to construction including involvement in both the design and construction phases. He worked as a project engineer on the Turning Torso tower structure in Malmö, or the bridges Margaret Hunt Hill and Margaret McDermott in Dallas. He worked on site as Resident Engineer for the construction of the Athens Olympic Stadium roof and, as Chief Engineer for the Valencia office of Santiago Calatrava, was leader of the design team for the World Trade Centre Transportation Hub in New York. This complex structure involved working not only as part of the project multidisciplinary team, but in coordination with the design teams for all the projects on this shared site including the September 11 Memorial Museum by Snøhetta.

David is a structural engineer at Flint & Neill (part of the COWI group) in London. He was the lead designer for Greenwich Reach Swing Bridge (winner of the Pedestrian Bridge category at the IStructE Structural Awards in 2015), Montgomery Bridge in Canary Wharf, and led the structural design team for the international competition winning scheme for the Nine Elms to Pimlico Bridge over the Thames in London, UK. He has a passion for close collaboration between architects and engineers, and is excited about the use of digital tools in the design process. He studied Engineering at Cambridge University, and previously worked for Buro Happold in London and Hong Kong. He is currently Chair of the IStructE Young Members’ Panel and is a co-founder of dotBuiltEnvironment – an organisation that promotes digital adoption in the construction industry.”

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WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 PARTICIPANTS

PARTICIPANTS

WoBD 2016


WoBD 2016

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 PARTICIPANTS

Carlos Lázaro School of Civil Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain Carlos Lázaro, born 1966, is MSc in Civil Engineering, Professional Engineer and Doctor in Structural Engineering. He is Associate Professor for Structural Engineering at the School of Civil Engineering of the Universitat Politècnica de Valencia (Spain). As a professional engineer, he has collaborated in the conceptual and structural design and supervision of roof structures, and medium span bridges with different materials, construction techniques and structural types, ranging from single and multi-span girders, arches, bow-strings to cable stayed bridges. Examples of these are: the thin shell structure for the Ocanografic Park in Valencia after a design by Félix Candela, the Bridge over the Xuquer river in Cullera (2007), Bridge over the Turia river in Manises (2009), and Bridge over the Ter river in Sant Quirze (2015). He has been involved in several research projects related to the application of structural recycled concrete and to the design of innovative structural systems. He is currently Vice-President and Chair of the Technical Activities Committee of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS), and a member of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of the IASS and of the International Journal of Space Structures.

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PARTICIPANTS


WoBD 2016

DESIGN COMPETITION

DESIGN COMPETITION Design requirements of the Footbridge over the Turia riverbed in Valencia

Figure 1: Plan view of the city of Valencia showing the Turia river, the Turia Riverbed Park, the channel and the footbridge location. Based on an image by Google Maps.

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WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

The urban development and history of the city of Valencia has always been linked to the Turia River. Valencia was founded in the 1st century as a Roman settlement on a river island of the Turia, a place located today about 4.5 km far from the coast line. The historical floods of the Turia shaped the city and caused the destruction and reconstruction of some of the historical bridges. After the last major flood in 1957 and the subsequent devastation of the city, a new high-capacity channel was built South of Valencia and the river ceased to flow through the city (see Fig. 1). The old riverbed was then transformed into an urban park with green areas and sports facilities.


WoBD 2016

DESIGN COMPETITION

The goal of this competition is to propose a preliminary design for a new footbridge across the Turia Riverbed Park. The surroundings of the location for this competition are strongly conditioned by ancient buildings and the vicinity of the historical city centre (Fig. 2). The riverbed is limited by old stone walls and the footbridge would be located between two of the most representative bridges of Valencia: the Serranos (dated 1550) and the Trinidad (1520) Bridges (see Fig. 3), being the latter the oldest Valencian bridge.

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

Figure 2. Plan view of the location of the footbridge

Figure 3. Serranos Bridge (left) and a view of the Turia Riverbed Park from the Trinidad Bridge (right)

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WoBD 2016

DESIGN COMPETITION

There has been a footbridge at the proposed location since the last years of the 19th century. This footbridge has served as a link between the city centre and a tram station located on the other side of the riverbed. The station was named “Pont de Fusta” (Wooden Bridge) to honour the history of the footbridge, which was built in 1892 as a lightweight iron structure with wooden floor that was swept by floods in 1897, 1949 and 1957 (see Fig. 4).

Figure 4. Historical images of the “Pont de Fusta” (Wooden Bridge)

Figure 5. Reconstruction of the “Pont de Fusta” after its destruction by the 1957

In this workshop, the participants will ideally place themselves before the construction of the existing solution, and consider that the reinforced concrete footbridge built after the 1957 flood has to be replaced by a modern footbridge, under consideration of the urban context and the fact that the new structure has to be a landmark of Valencia.

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WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

After the 1957 event, it was rebuilt as a reinforced concrete structure following economy principles (Fig. 5). In 2011, the Valencian municipality demolished the RC footbridge and built a structure for cars and a parallel one for pedestrian use. In this way, the nearby Serranos Bridge could be closed for car traffic.


DESIGN COMPETITION

WoBD 2016 Particular requirements

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

1. The workshop will be carried out in groups (ranging from 1 to 4 members). If not specified, every enrolled participant will be considered as an independent group. To form groups of 2, 3 or 4 people, their names will have to be submitted to the organization by email. 2. Every group will design a Footbridge over the Turia River in Valencia for pedestrian use. This structure must provide continuity to the pedestrian route linking the historical city centre with the “Pont de Fusta” tram station. The footbridge will be used by pedestrians as well as by bycicles and small maintenance vehicles such as street sweepers. The maximum longitudinal slope of the footbridge will be 4 % and the minimum transverse slope 2%. Given the public caracter of the Turia Riverbed Park, the elevation of the footbridge should include at least two zones with a clearance of 3.5 m x 10 m (height x width) for enabling the circulation of maintenance vehicles under the footbridge. 3. Both the materials and the formal solution of the structure must be in harmony with the monumental context of the surroundings (the Serranos Towers and Serranos Bridge, the Trinidad Bridge, the “Pont de Fusta” tram station and the vicinity of Valencia’s historical city centre). The location and a brief description of these monuments can be found in the section below tittled Information on the urban context of the Footbridge over the Turia River in Valencia. 4. The footbridge must be conceived as an expression of the technology and the language of the 21st century. Furthermore, the structure must represent a contemporary urban milestone. 5. The footbridge must connect both sides of the river and be accessible from the riverbed at one place. The minimum free width for users will be 5,80 m. The site plan and a cross section through the axis of the structure to be replaced can be found in the following direction: http://bit.ly/2dz1soC. There is freedom to locate the structure in plan inside the marked polygon to be found in the site drawing. 6. The footbridge must be accessible for special needs pedestrians from both sides. 7. The location and design of the supports will take into account the existence of an underground electric line, two sewage galleries and two water supply pipes. The location of these infrastructures can be found in the drawings mentioned in (5). No water flow along the riverbed needs to be considered, as the river flow was diverted to the new channel South of Valencia.

Information on the urban context of the Footbridge over the Turia River in Valencia

Figure 6: Plan view of the location of the footbridge

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Serranos Bridge

Trinidad Bridge

The first records of this bridge date from 1254. Probably destroyed in a flood, it was rebuilt around 1350. After new damages and reconstructions, it was finally rebuilt in its actual shape during the 16th century by master builder Pedro Compte, and was finished in 1550. It is a stonework structure composed of nine segmental arches of 14.9 m span-width and 3.50 m wide pillars with triangular breakwaters (Figure 7). The deck width is 11.20 m. The original ornamental statues were taken off in the 19th century. It was refurbished in 2011. The name is related to the region of origin of the users of this bridge in the past (Los Serranos). It leads to the imposing Serranos Towers, which were one of the gateways of the ancient city wall. At one side of the South end there is a wide ramp, which was used to lead carriages and cattle to trade fairs taking place at the riverbed. (Fig.7)

In 1356, build master Pedro ViĂąas started the construction of a new bridge, in the place of a previous timber structure, following the line of the Roman cardus of Valencia. Probably unfinished or destroyed by a flood, a new structure was built from 1402. After heavy damages occurred during the 1517 flood, it was rebuilt in 1520 in its actual condition by master Mateu Teixidor. This is the oldest city bridge location, possibly on the place of a roman structure leading to the forum of Valencia. It is a stonework structure made of ten segmental vaults, with span width equal to 10.6 m (Figure 8). The pillars have upstream breakwaters; two of them are buttressed at the downstream side. The total length is 158.5 m, and the deck width is 10.4 m. Two ornamental statues are located on the sides of the deck. It was renewed in 2010. The Holy Trinity Cloister, as well as the Fine Arts Museum are located North of the bridge. (Fig.8)

Figure 7. Two pictures of the Serranos Bridge

Figure 8. Two pictures of the Trinidad Bridge

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WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

DESIGN COMPETITION

WoBD 2016


WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

WoBD 2016

DESIGN COMPETITION

Fine Arts Museum

Serranos Towers

The Museu de Belles Arts de València (Valencian pronunciation: [muˈzɛw ðe ˈβeʎez ˈaɾdz de vaˈlensia]; Spanish: Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia; English: “Museum of Fine Arts of Valencia”) is an art gallery in Valencia, Spain, founded in 1913. It houses some 2,000 works, most dating from the 14th-17th centuries, including a Self portrait of Diego Velázquez, a St. John the Baptist by El Greco, Goya’s Playing Children, Gonzalo Pérez’s Altarpiece of Sts. Ursula, Martin and Antony and a Madonna with Writing Child and Bishop by the Italian Renaissance master Pinturicchio. It also houses a large series of engravings by Giovan Battista Piranesi. The museum is housed in the St. Pius V Palace, built in the 17th-18th centuries. It has also sections dedicated to sculpture, to contemporary art and to archaeological findings. (Fig.9)

Commissioned by the Valencian government, the Serranos Towers were built by the architect Pere Balaguer, who was inspired by other Gothic gates with polygonal towers, such as the Puerta de San Miguel in Morella and the Royal Gate (Puerta Real) of the Poblet Monastery, showing Genoese influences. Constructiuon began on the 6th of April 1392, on the site of an older gateway. The walls consist of very solid stone, as their main purpose was fortification. However, they are covered with a cladding of limestone, mainly from Alginet, a town near Valencia, in order to give the building a more luxurious, distinguished appearance. In 1397, when the works were nearly finished, it became apparent that the access to the main floor had to be improved. An enormous, monumental stone staircase was built, enlarging the building and facilitating its use for welcoming parties. The works were completed in March 1398. (Fig.11)

Figure 9: Fine Arts Museum

Cloister of the Holy Trinity Information can be found in the following page: https://es.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Real_monasterio_de_la_Trinidad_ de_Valencia. (Fig.10)

Figure 10: Cloister of the Holy Trinity

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Figure 11: Serranos Towers


WoBD 2016

DESIGN COMPETITION

Documentation to be presented 1. Drawings and/or sketches that illustrate the relation between the new footbridge and its surroundings (plan and elevation view with an appropiate scale). The pedestrian paths will be indicated together with the modification of the existing ones. 2. Drawings and/or sketches (plan and elevation view) describing the footbridge, with special attention to the description of the structural system and the way the bridge transmits the loads to the ground. 3. Drawings and/or sketches of the main constructive details and of a tentative construction process. 4. Drawings and/or sketches to illustrate the illumination of the structure from an ornamental and functional point of view. 5. Drawings and/or sketches to illustrate the overall proposal and its insertion in the environment as part of the new urban landscape. Participants are free to use any representation technique (perspective, collage, sketch or photomontage). 6. Brief descriptive report including: Description of the conceptual design and of the insertion in the surroundings, structural conception, functional conception for users, constructive conception.

Submission requirements

Final proposals must be submitted in digital format, consisting of a maximum of three A3 panels. Even if the submission format is digital, hand sketches and drawings will be positively valued. Teams are encouraged to submit any other information they may consider relevant. All submissions must be submitted to geiabse@ceu.es.

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WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 DESIGN COMPETITION

These initial designs will be discussed with the tutors during the workshop on 18th November 2016, and some improvements might be suggested for the final design, scheduled on December 9th 2016.


WoBD 2016

REGISTRATION FORM

REGISTRATION FORM

Title

Last or Family Names

First Names

Date of Birth

Affiliation/Institution

Workshop Fee 50€

E-mail Address

WORKSHOP ON BRIDGE DESIGN 2016 REGISTRATION FORM

Group Name

Name of Bank: Address of Bank: Account Number: Swift Code: Beneficiary:

Bankia C/Rios Rosas 44. 28003 Madrid (Spain) IBAN ES31 2038 1105 5160 0102 4356 CAHMESMMXXX Spanish Group of IABSE

The registration must include a copy of the bank transfer receipt and be sent prior to 18th November 2016 to geiabse@ceu.es Transfer concept: Participants’ name

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Wobd2016  

Workshop on Bridge Design 2016

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