__MAIN_TEXT__
feature-image

Page 36

Analysis - Walkability

Analysis - Walkability

Significant patterns

Widespread crowding

The busiest connections

Busy Saturdays

Evening traffic - Change of pattern

The RagÄąp GĂźmĂźĹ&#x;pala pedestrian underpass, ReĹ&#x;adiye Street, the Galata Bridge, Yeniçeriler Street and ÇadircÄąlar Street are the most busy streets and connections surveyed at all times. Three of them are located adjacent to the Golden Horn waterfront in connection to public transport, ferry terminals, recreational urban squares and vital visitors destinations. Just as the Galata Bridge and the underpass form key access to the peninsula. The other two streets are located close to Beyazit Square, the Grand Bazaar, the university and public transport.

Many of the streets surveyed become more busy on a Saturday. The rise in pedestrian traffic is primarily recorded on streets in connection to central city destinations. Kennedy Street, the waterfront park promenade and Çapariz Sokak to the south show a significant increase in pedestrian numbers indicating the recreational aspect of waterfront park with playground and cafes including the seafood restaurants.

Most of the streets experience a decrease in the pedestrian traffic volumes in the evening after hours. Especially in streets connecting to the Grand Bazaar the pedestrian activity drops dramatically, and they become almost deserted. It is notable that in some of the surveyed routes the pedestrian traffic increases during the evening. Theses routes link to tourist and other visitors destinations like restaurants and cinemas. The southern waterfront promenade stands out with more pedestrians counted between 6 pm and 10 pm than between 8 am and 6 pm. However the general low number of pedestrians along the waterfront indicate a more local character and relation.

The RagÄąp GĂźmĂźĹ&#x;pala underpass represent a very busy pedestrian connection in a confined space, and it becomes even more overcrowded on a Saturday when the number of pedestrians increases by 58%.

THE 5 BUSIEST CONNECTIONS

WEEKDAY VERSUS SATURDAY

Comparison of the busiest streets Numbers cover both daytime and evening recordings

Comparing a weekday to a Saturday All streets surveyed

+12%

Weekday

86

64

Gehl Architects ¡ Urban Quality Consultants ¡ Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv ¡ 1610 Copenhagen V ¡ Denmark ¡ www.gehlarchitects.dk

68

67 71

56

60

SHGPLQ &URZGLQJ

149 persons per min.

40

145

persons per min. (average 6 pm - 10 pm)

(average 8 am - 6 pm)

20

0

9am 10am 11am 12pm 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm

57

60

100

61 60

56 54

41

40

30

38

34

20

18 6

2

79

80

80

78

71

97

77

68

61

60

SHGPLQ &URZGLQJ

44 40

84 persons per min.

42

59

24 20

persons per min. (average 8 am - 6 pm)

19

(average 6 pm - 10 pm)

0

9am 10am 11am 12pm 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm

120

2 Â persons per min. (average 8 am - 6 pm)

12 persons per min. (average 6 pm - 10 pm)

persons per min. (average 8 am - 6 pm)

100 60

40

28

20

2

2

2

4

4

9

6

9

13

17

16

16

0

Saturday

61

120 80

9am 10am 11am 12pm 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm

80

72 61

60

The correlation between pedestrian volumes and walking space has been studied at selected locations indicating crowding in some of the key connections: RagÄąp GĂźmĂźĹ&#x;pala Street underpass, ReĹ&#x;adiye Street and Çadicilar Street . The effective width of the footway in terms of free space for walking is in many cases obstructed and diminished by street furniture, signs or commercial displays.

70 69

40,3  ped.  /min. Crowding

39 26

When the main pedestrian street in Copenhagen - Strøget - reaches the level of 13 persons per minute per metre walking space, people start finding alternative routes. This has been the case for the last 30 years!

(average 6 pm - 10 pm)

76

46

40

20

70 63

Gehl Architects’s studies indicate that 13 people per minute per metre footway width is the upper limit for comfortable walking space. Beyond this level the situation turns into crowding. This definition relates closely to the level of experienced quality and not only the capacity in terms of the number of people that a street can actually carry.

45 persons per min.

82

78

The ability to walk straightforward and untroubled are critical aspects of a city’s accessibility and walkability. The passability of central streets in the historic peninsula is often restricted due to intense pedestrian traffic and limited physical space.

In the pedestrian underpass the effective width for walking is reduced by 40% due to commercial displays. Together with the high numbers of pedestrians this results in severe crowding.

Çapariz Sokak Thursday

2

Weekday

94

90

49

Çadircilar Street- Grand Bazaar, entrance

34

80

17 persons per min. (average 6 pm - 10 pm)

ReĹ&#x;adiye Street - northern waterfront

Pedestrians pe minute

Galata Bridge

Yeniçeriler Street

ReĹ&#x;adiye Street

100

120

Saturday

47,520

Numbers cover both daytime and evening recordings

92

80

100

53,610

135 120

9am 10am 11am 12pm 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm

67,360

ÇadĹrcĹlar Street

73,740

SATURDAY

135

0

+58% 5DJĂ•S*Â PÂ ĂşSDODXQGHUSDVV

50 persons per min. (average 8 am - 6 pm)

Comparison: weekday to Saturday RagÄąp GĂźmĂźĹ&#x;pala underpass

TOP 5 weekday

176

6DWXUGD\

Pedestrians pe minute

Pedestrians pe minute

46,250 ÇadĹrcĹlar Street

Galata Bridge

Yeniçeriler Street

ReĹ&#x;adiye Street

5DJĂ•S*Â PÂ ĂşSDODXQGHUSDVV

112,750

187

Nuruosmaniye Street Thursday

62,820

Numbers cover both daytime and evening recordings

202

120

100

49,490

199

195

PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC FLOWS ALL DAY SELECTED LOCATIONS

RagÄąp GĂźmĂźĹ&#x;pala Street- pedestrian underpass

Comparison: Pedestrian movement pattern throughout the day

71,190 53,600

Crowded streets and footways 210

Pedestrians pe minute

TOP 5 weekday

ALL DAY TRAFFIC

One of the key attractions of the historic peninsula springs from a vibrant public life. The lively streets with outdoor cafes, and colourful and sensuous shopping form essential parameters to promote an attractive city. However at times the narrow streets and the huge numbers of pedestrians passing compose an unfortunate mixture causing crowding and unpleasant walking experiences.

Pedestrians pe minute

Patterns emerging from the pedestrian traffic survey form the basis for some overall conclusions describing the flow of pedestrians in the historic peninsula throughout the day.

29

Key connections experiencing crowding most of the day on both a weekday and on a Saturday

13 0

9am 10am 11am 12pm 1pm 2pm 3pm 4pm 5pm 6pm 7pm 8pm 9pm 10pm

35

Profile for Gehl - Making Cities for People

Istanbul – Public Space Public Life  

'Public Space Public Life' study conducted by Gehl Architects for EMBARQ Turkey.

Istanbul – Public Space Public Life  

'Public Space Public Life' study conducted by Gehl Architects for EMBARQ Turkey.

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded