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Design Studio WS 2015/2016

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

Institut für Architektur und Entwerfen Abteilung für Gebäudelehre und Entwerfen



Design Studio WS 2015/2016

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

Institut für Architektur und Entwerfen Abteilung für Gebäudelehre und Entwerfen



Content 4 Introduction Tina Gregoric

10 Design Studio – Brief Tina Gregoric

12 Design Studio – Process Tina Gregoric & Johannes Paar

18 Developing Bale Sasa Begovic

22 The Common Strategy Four identities, discovered on-site, intristic to the place, coming together as a common project, re-evaluating existing qualities and potentials, re-thinking the town of Bale as dispersed hotel

34 Stone – Matter and Place

116 Wine – The Bale Experience

Jonathan Lutz, Thomas Sommerauer, Raphael Thalmeier

Tin Jelavic, Besarta Krasniqi, Clarissa Meneghetti Brendler

34

Introduction

116 Introduction

36

Research

118 Research

40

Design Strategy

122 Design Strategy

48

Project 1: Mental Spa

126 Project 1: Open Kitchen & Restaurant

58

Project 2: Open Archive

134 Project 2: Bar & Reception

70

Project 3: Immersed Sleeping

140 Project 3: Wine Accommodation

84 Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

148 Valleys – Bale / Valle

Weronika Bogal, Urska Gantar, Adam Lyko,

Osama Almughanni, Igor Petrychenko,

Barbora Tothova

Kenan Zvizdić

84

Introduction

148 Introduction

86

Research

150 Research

90

Design Strategy

154 Design Strategy

102 Project 1: Eating Area

158 Project 1: Lobby

106 Project 2: Attractions

164 Project 2: Garden

110 Project 3: Accomodation

170 Project 3: Sport 176 Project 4: Workshop 182 Project 5: Restaurant 188 Project 6: Pool 194 Project 7: Plants

201 Imprint

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Introduction Tina Gregoric

Nanotourism on the Istrian Countryside An invitation to address the future of the stone-built town of Bale in Istria and its municipality area has been an intriguing challenge and an opportunity to engage two main issues simultaneously: tourism and the countryside. Over the last decades, tourism has established itself as the world’s second-fastest-growing industry and, in addition to the proclaimed benefits, produced a myriad of devastating and long-lasting environmental, economic and social effects on the local realities. Architects have largely been supporting this overwhelming trend of mass-tourism and growth, and have rarely played a critical role, regardless of the issues in diverse fragile contexts from the Costa Brava to Pacific islands. On the other hand, the countryside in relation to the cities has been neglected as a focus of architects and planners for many decades. The preoccupation with the problems and potentials of the city excluded rigorous research and response to the highly transformative realities of villages with their surroundings. In 2012, even the loud proclaimer of the city, Rem Koolhaas, started to declare the urgent need to readdress the countryside and in 2017 announced a major Guggenheim exhibition for 2019 – Countryside: Future of the World.

4


Center of Bale (aerial photo)

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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While still waiting to reassess its content and potentially wider influence on a global scale, we will continue to act in a bottom-up manner both in the city and on the countryside with nanotourism, a participatory and locally oriented, bottom-up alternative to the current downsides of conventional tourism that was initiated in 2012. Nanotourism was established as two-fold, distinctive design research we led together with Aljoša Dekleva as mentors in 2014 parallel to the experimental BIO 50 – Ljubljana Biennial of Design – and the Architectural Association Visiting School Slovenia 1. The international teams of designers, architects and students have been defining the term and notion of nanotourism, while researching existing examples of nanotourism, but mostly by creating new, site-specific experiences in their regions, spanning from cities like Zagreb to small towns like Vitanje in Slovenia. A comprehensive design-research process intensely integrating local communities, boosting local economies and aiming beyond the duration of the Biennial earned the nanotourism team the Biennial’s highest honor – the Best Collaboration Award – which was fundamental for the years-long continuation of several local initiatives and additional nanotourism projects within the intense summer workshops of the AA Nanotourism Visiting School, as well as a semester-long design studio at TU Wien.

1 BIO50 - 24th Biennial of Design in Ljubljana, Slovenia (February - September 2014) was profoundly curated not as an exhibition, but as a laboratory for design by Jan Boelen, the founder and artistic director of Z33 House for Contemporary Art and head of the Social Design Master program at Design Academy Eindhoven.

An intensive, on-site student workshop was an essential start to deeply grasp the multi-layered reality of the Istrian countryside bordering the Adriatic Sea, yet not overbuilt by mass-tourism. The dually-named town of Bale-Valle originates from a Roman settlement and is dominated today by the 15th century Bembo Castle and the later built church bell tower, yet its immediate and overwhelming characteristic is the stone in all possible formats and applications, visible upon the first glance of the narrow, cobbled streets within the fortified walls. Located close, but far enough from the coastline, the role and potential of the hilltop town as a dispersed hotel would seem almost self-evident. Still, within the scope of nanotourism, an explicit, participatory and site-specific approach emphasizing Bale’s identities is called for. To uncover them, an intense immersion of the students into the everyday realities is required in order to gradually develop an overall bottom-up strategy for the whole town, while deliberately kicking off with four distinct starting points or identities: Wine and Ruins (two existing ones) and Stone and Valleys (two added ones). Together, they propose a specific experience of the Town as Dispersed Hotel, carefully attempting to even go beyond Albergo Diffuso, the admirable concept established decades ago.

Introduction

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After decades of a booming tourism industry with wide impact on territories and economies all over the world, are there smaller-scale, nonintrusive ways of tourism? Nanotourism was in a process

open call Please fill in the evaluation form and upload proposed material on: www.nanotourism.org

participatory | passive nanotourism is | is not dictionary: critical | conformist confronting current realities and presumptions of tourism

nanotouriSm rESEarCH proCESS BIO50 nanotourism research process diagram

FINDING

START / KICK OFF

Q: What is the challenge of nanotourism? A: The challenge is to respond and create locally oriented, bottom-up alternative to tourism. Q: How can nanotourism improve the world?

COLLECTING & RESEARCHING the existing experiences of nanotourism

nanotourism

CREATING

EVALUATING & EXTRACTING experiences

Culturanze

trading culture for tourism

Treetents

activism accommodation

social awareness

HOTEL shabbyshabby diffused hotel by trash

Seeker

Rent a Local

AA Visiting School

Ship Oil Refinery

Go Eco

...and many more...

participatory art sleepover

site-specific education

volunteer tourism

Exhibition

social exchange

harvesting cruise

potentials new experiences of nanotourism through specific regional sites related to BIO50 participants

RESEARCH & ACTION

characteristics

Live in Slums

IDENTIFYING & IMPLANTING

IS…

IS NOT…

critical participatory bottom-up site-specific local social responsible inventive educative

conformist passive top-down site-generic global unsocial irresponsible conventional non-educative

6 case studies

zagreb/cro

vitanje/slo

maribor/slo

Old School Ilica

KSEVT — connecting people

Rajzefiber biro

co-creation as nanotourism

local nanotourism generator

nanotourist agency

ljubljana/slo

vitanje/slo

krakow/POL

BIO50}hotel

AA Visiting School Slovenia

Routine Revolution

exhibition hotel

DEFINITION

RESEARCH & EXPERIENCE PLATFORM www.nanotourism.org

nanotouristic strategies

reviving memories

WIKIPEDIA

nanotourism / process: defining

BIO 50 nanotourism Research process diagram

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Searching for a locally oriented, responsible alternative to conventional tourism within this unique cultural heritage has presumably never had such crucial, predefined conditions as in Bale. Long-lasting, sustainable development of the town and its surroundings was a carefully curated agenda of the local municipality. During the period of intense, short-sighted devastation of the Adriatic coast, they opted for an alternative – a ten-year strategy Bale Shoreline – Spatial Planning Development Study smartly formulated by the Croatian architecture studio 3LHD. It addition to setting the course, it forged new, innovative forms of the local economy, where local residents became sort of shareholders of a company providing touristic accommodation. This economic model furthermore generated grounds for everyday needs of its population, such as a kindergarten and similar facilities. All these interlinked processes prove to be unavoidable for any relevant development of the countryside or tourism. Outstanding responses to the students’ presentation at the final jury induced several new students and teachers to start proactive initiatives within their immediate surroundings. It is a pleasure to see nanotourism continually advance.

Introduction

8


AUSTRIA

Klagenfurt Trieste SLOVENIA Portoroz

Koper

Udine Ljubljana ITALY

Umag

SLOVENIA

Novigrad

CROATIA

Venice

Pazin

Koper

Porec Rijeka

Vrsar CROATIA

Bale

Opatija

Rovinj

Rabac Bale

Pula

Geographic context, zoom-ins: Central Europe, Adriatic Coast, Istrian Peninsula

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Design Studio – Brief Tina Gregoric

After decades of a booming tourism industry with a devastating impact on territories and economies all over the world, are there smaller-scale, non-intrusive ways of tourism? The compact, stone-built town of Bale in Istria, managed to avoid countless forms of European coastal devastation and thus provides the potential to rethink the town itself as a polygon for a locally-oriented alternative in the form of a specific dispersed hotel. The design studio will pursue the ongoing development of nanotourism as a creative critique of the current environmental, social and economic downsides of conventional tourism by offering a participatory, locally-oriented, bottom-up alternative. The design process will start in a two-fold manner: by researching and learning from existing models of dispersed hotels and by understanding and identifying the site-specific cultural, historical, material and social strata of Bale in order to integrate and recompose these notions within the tangible design project. Town as Dispersed Hotel was initiated by the pre-set development strategy that the Municipality of Bale has been relying on for the last years of their cautious development, as the town holds a unique position as an on-and-off seashore. How can the nanotouristic principles of bottom-up, participation, community and environmental responsibility drive this critical, yet progressive design approach to rethink the organization and experience of the town as an accommodation territory? 10


Bale's vacant buildings for participation in the dispersed hotel as proposed by the Municipality of Bale (aerial photo)

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Design Studio – Process Tina Gregoric & Johannes Paar

Overview The common project of Bale as dispersed hotel, as well as the individual projects presented in this publication, are the work results of 13 students participating in the 2015/16 design studio Re-thinking Tourism 02: Town as Dispersed Hotel (Bale), mentored by Prof. Tina Gregoric and Johannes Paar at the Institute for Architecture and Design, Department of Architectural Typology and Design at TU Wien. ! Studio timeline, October 2015 until February 2016

Kick-Off Workshop Bale Symposium Re-Thinking Tourism 02 Mid-Term Presentation Final Presentation October

November

December

January

February

!

Studio Background The theme and location of the studio were chosen upon invitation by UrLab, an initiative of the Croatian students Tina Modrusan, Nika Mrden and Jelena Perusinovic, the municipality of Bale and project developers Mon Perin. UrLab set up the framework for the CastrumLab project – a collaboration of international architecture schools 1 drafting scenarios for Bale, based on its built environment, its regional and historical context, as well as potentials for touristic development.

1 Architecture schools collaborating in CastrumLab: IUAV Venice, University of Ljubljana, University of Zagreb, TU Wien

12


Bale and its surroundings (satellite photo)

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Excursion Bale An excursion to Bale with a design workshop from 17.10.–21.10.2015, upon invitation by the local tourist agency Mon Perin, the Municipality of Bale and the initiative Castrum Lab, marked the start of the design studio. The opening of the design workshop itself was organized by CastrumLab as an interuniversitary kick-off in Bale, giving an overview of the strategy framework to the TU Wien students, as well as a group of students from IUAV Venezia.

Kick-off lecture by Tina Gregoric in Kastel Bembo, Bale

TU Wien was invited to examine the potentials for implementing a dispersed hotel in Bale, using strategies of nanotourism. IUAV Venezia was invited to work on the topics "Redeveloping the Historical City" as well as "Reviving Cultural Heritage." IUAV Venezia had also already held a studio in Bale in the previous term of 2015, in which the whole town had been measured and existing plans had been drawn – plans, which were kindly provided to all students. The University of Ljubljana and the University of Zagreb pursued their teaching activities in Bale in the following semesters. Workshop Bale In addition to the kick-off, the students received valuable input from Sasa Begovic of 3LHD architects, who presented his study of a ten-year-strategy for the developme nt of Bale, based on the goal of leaving both the structure and the character of the town intact, introducing rules for renovation, and adding few elements of touristic program and activities. In the following days of the workshop, the students split into work groups according to different topics – or rather, identities of Bale – and started to engage in explorations and field trips in the town of Bale as well as its surroundings, regularly checking back to the temporary workshop studio in the center of Bale to discuss findings and exchange insights. Their excursions led them to immerse into local micro-economies and site-specific characteristics, meet local experts and stakeholders of the region and gather an understanding of local vernacular and contemporary architecture. After the workshop days, four teams had formed. Each had dedicated their field research to one of the immanent, but previously rarely well-established identities of Bale, and was preparing to use this identity as a basic principle for their share of the common project of Bale as dispersed hotel: Stone, Ruins, Wine and Valleys.

Design Studio – Process

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Students exploring Bale and its specificities

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Re-Thinking Tourism Symposium 02 Upon returning from the excursion, another layer of input for the students was presented by the Re-Thinking Tourism 02 Symposium 1, organized by the Department of Architectural Typology and Design at the TU Wien on 22.10.2015. Esau Acosta, Theo Deutinger, Tina Gregoric, Norbert Kettner, Elke Krasny, Dietmar Steiner and Susanne Waiz lectured and discussed about the increasing environmental, social and economic impacts of contemporary tourism, searching for possible potentials, alternatives, strategies and concepts as active responses to the conventional ways of travelling, visiting, exploring, exchanging, accommodating, presenting and representing. Further Process

1 Poster Symposium Re-Thinking Tourism 02, 22.10.2015, TU Wien

Over the course of four months, the projects were conceived, designed and articulated in weekly critique sessions, on the conceptual as well as the architectural level, based on the identities of Bale, found, selected and researched in the on-site workshop. Final Presentation In the Final Presentation in January 2016, the students’ work was presented as one common project consisting of four individual projects: Stone – Matter and Place, Ruins – Butterflies' Garden, Wine – The Bale and Valleys – Bale / Valle, with each project taking care of different typical hotel elements, complementing each other to provide the necessary program for a new, alternative form of tourism and accommodation in Bale. Outlook On the following pages, first Town as Dispersed Hotel is presented as the common project, followed by an extended presentation of the four individual projects in the succeeding chapters.

Design Studio – Process

Symposium panelists: Esau Acosta, Estudio [SIC]; Theo Deutinger, TD; Norbert Kettner, Wien Tourismus; Dietmar Steiner, Az W; Susanne Waiz, Studio Waiz; Moderation: Elke Krasny, Academy of Fine Arts Vienna Introduction: Tina Gregoric, TU Wien

16


Final presentation jury: Sasa Begovic, 3LHD Aljosa Dekleva, dekleva gregoric arhitekti Tina Gregoric, TU Wien Javier Haddad, onda arquitectura Eva Mair, TU Wien Johannes Paar, TU Wien Katharina Urbanek, TU Wien Fabian WallmĂźller, TU Wien

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Developing Bale Sasa Begovic

Thoughts on the Design Studio The Design Studio at TU Wien is based on the Bale Spatial Planning Development Concept and Strategy 1, which has been used by the Municipality of Bale for the last 15 years as the reference document for a cautious development of their town and its issues of tourism. It raises important questions about the re-thinking of tourism: How can a community-friendly and environmentally responsible design approach re-think the organization and experience of a town as an accommodation territory? Can a non-intrusive way of dealing with tourism as an opposition to the conventional way of building – and sometimes overbuilding – the cities or territories be viable and prosperous for the smaller communities?

1 Bale Shoreline – Spatial Planning Development Study, published 2007 by Sasa Begovic's studio 3LHD

The Design Studio has been investigating those questions and went even further into deep research of existing models of conventional and alternative tourism. The city of Bale in Istria is being used as such a locally-oriented alternative in the form of the Town as Dispersed Hotel, strongly focusing on the spatial potential of existing and abandoned buildings. The results of this studio are amazing projects, dealing not only with specific stone houses as accommodation units, but also with other “public areas of the conventional hotel” spread all around the medieval city of Bale. 18


3LHD: Bale Shoreline Spatial Planning Development Study

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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By adding temporary, adaptive, generating, innovative objects and structures (parasites), they manage to show possible alternatives for transforming existing city spaces into places of participation, locally-oriented alternative production and social interaction with neighboring parts of the city. Bale Spatial Planning Development Concept and Strategy The study provides guidelines for the development and revitalization of the Bale region on the Istrian peninsula in Croatia. The development strategy for the City of Bale and its surrounding area focuses on local characteristics such as cultural identity, natural resources and architectural heritage. The study takes into account ways to protect the natural landscape by avoiding mass construction in the area and emphasizes its touristic potential. In particular, it highlights the considerable potential of Bale to develop selective and different types of tourism targeting more sophisticated and selective visitors than other tourist destinations in Croatia. In a time when Croatian politicians emphasize space as a fundamental national treasure and acknowledge the problems of unplanned urbanization, Bale stands out with its extraordinary natural resources, practically intact environment, and rich architectural as well as cultural heritage. Furthermore, the study outlines the strategy for economic development of the region. The municipal government of Bale is seeking ways to tap into available resources with the goal of retaining the local population and elevating their living standards. The main interest of the local population lies in protecting the coastline from overbuilding and finding a strategy for the sustainable development of the whole district. The proposed revitalization of the Bale town and shoreline would react to these tendencies and interests by pioneering positive trends of the areas economic growth. The development would bring new employment, motivate community participation and involvement, and inspire the activation of local resources as well as the growth of small businesses to cater to the direct and indirect needs of tourists. The area would cater to both day visitors and longer-term tourists who would be staying in local accommodation facilities that already exist: Beside unique traditional lodgings on farms, so-called stancijas, there is the medieval Old City of Bale, once residence of the Venetian Bembo family, which can already be considered as a Town as Dispersed Hotel – a new, alternative and participatory way of tourism.

Developing Bale

20


3LHD: Bale Shoreline Spatial Planning Development Study

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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The Common Strategy

The common strategy enhances the concept of Albergo Diffuso 1 and applies it to the town of Bale, creating the Town as Dispersed Hotel. It drafts site-specific scenarios and activities that allow the place to be discovered and experienced on multiple new levels. It neither invents qualities which were non-existent before, nor does it implement structures which significantly alter the place in the long term. Instead, the concept of Town as Dispersed Hotel uses non-invasive strategies and re-activates existing sites as well as intrinsic qualities – thus allowing for a new reading of the story of Bale. Town as Dispersed Hotel is the result of four project teams working on the topic for six months. The resulting four projects are based on local identities, some of which were distilled from a pool of topics represented in the touristic concept of the municipality; some others were not evident at first, but then got rediscovered through on-site research. Each identity adds another layer and another set of activities to the dispersed hotel. In combination, these identities can take over all functions of a conventional hotel and even extend its functionality beyond standard expectations. While the project Stone – Matter and Place 2 raises awareness for the omnipresence of the town's most essential building material, the project Ruins – Butterflies' Garden 3 reanimates ruins and creates unique retreats in a cultivated biotope. Wine – The Bale Experience 4 provides a series of locations that allow the process of winemaking to be experienced in the town center. And finally, the project Valleys – Bale / Valle 5 rediscovers a series of most distinctive topographic phenomena and fills them with activities.

1 Albergo diffuso, Italian for "dispersed hotel", concept established in the 1980s in Italy to describe tourist accomodation based on typical infrastructure and services of a hotel, but not limited to its spatial boundaries. The accommodation units and service areas are distributed throughout existing structures and neighbourhoods of historic villages and town centers, being less intrusive than conventional hotels, providing more authentic experiences.

2 Stone – Matter and Place, see pages 34-83 3 Ruins – Butterflies' Garden, see pages 84-115 4 Wine – The Bale Experience, see pages 116-147 5 Valleys – Bale / Valle, see pages 148-199

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0

10

50

100

1:5000

Situation plan: Bale with its valley topography

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Presented Identities Dinosaurs Bale Logo Bale - Hotel town

Bale's shoreline

Beautiful vistas

Town as Dispersed Hotel

Olives, wines and cheese

Wine The Bale Experience

Butterflies

Ruins Butterflies' Garden

Added Identities Stone

Stone Matter and Place

Valleys

Valleys Bale / Valle

Diagram: Process of selecting, established and adding previously undetected identities of Bale for the Town as Dispersed Hotel

The Common Strategy

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0

5

20

1:1000

Buildings to participate in dispersed hotel Existing ruins Public buildings

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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2

1

3

4

5

6

0

10

50

100

Valleys

1:5000 1 2 3 4 5 6

Workshop Pool Lobby Parking Plants Sport

The Common Strategy

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0

5

20

1:1000

Public Buildings

Stone Matter and Place

Accommodation Eating Area Reception Attractions Service

Ruins Butterflies' Garden Wine The Bale Experience Valleys Bale / Valle

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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ACCOMMODATION

ATTRACTIONS

(total 43 beds)

Stone Matter and Place

Live with the locals [20 beds]

Stone – Matter and Place

Immersed sleeping [1 bed]

Ruins Butterflies' Garden

Ruins – Butterflies‘ Garden

Wine The Bale Experience

Wine – The Bale Experience

Valleys Bale / Valle

Valleys – Bale / Valle

Workshops Experience room

Temporary accommodation [8 Beds] Private accommodation [12 beds]

Accommodation [2 beds]

Play room Workshops Summer cinema Experience room Exhibition View point

Wine shop Wine tasting Vinotheque Multifunctional space Seminar/Conference room Winter garden Events - wine & food Festivals Events - wine photogallery

Cultural events Meeting points Urban furnishing Sport Adrenaline Park Spa Pool Sunbathing spots Greenery Workshop

Program matrix: each project covers various parts of the typical hotel program, altogether complementing the Town as Dispersed Hotel

The Common Strategy

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SERVICE

EATING AREA

Open archive Toilets

Public kitchen

Shop Luggage room Toilets Storage

Bar Cafe Storage Food garden Picnic area

Toilets

Bar Restaurant/Breakfast Open kitchen Wine garden terrace

RECEPTION

Open archive

Reception

Toilets Parking

Types of users Resident Long-term guest Short-term guest Daily guest

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Model photo: Bale and buildings being part of the Town as Dispersed Hotel, top view

The Common Strategy

30


Model photo: Bale and buildings being part of the Town as Dispersed Hotel, perspective view

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Model photo: Bale and buildings being part of the Town as Dispersed Hotel, zoom to hill with Holy Spirit Church

The Common Strategy

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Model photo: Bale and buildings being part of the Town as Dispersed Hotel, valley vs. hill

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Stone – Matter and Place

Jonathan Lutz, Thomas Sommerauer, Raphael Thalmeier

Self-reflecting and re-evaluating the omnipresent characteristics of stone in Bale's built environment Bale is a town built from stone. Even though – at least to a visitor – this is one of the town’s most obvious characteristics, the topic of stone is highly underrepresented, almost non-existent in the touristic story being told in Bale. The project Stone – Matter and Place can be seen as a manual that aims to retell this story and create new places of awareness. By researching the surfaces, structures, openings and atmospheres of stone and finding ways to present these characteristics, the project challenges the perception of stone as a building material, but also as a creator of unique atmosphere in Bale.

An important strategy and part of the project’s field research is the involvement of users – short-term visitors, long-term visitors, as well as locals. By educating and involving users in the topics and qualities imminent to the place, new forms of collaboration emerge and allow the project to evolve on its own. The three sub projects – Mental Spa, Open Archive, Immersed Sleeping – can be seen as case studies that act as catalysts for the reevaluation of spatial qualities and the reintegration of vacant buildings and ruins as new, thriving spaces of the town.

34


Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Research IDENTITY OF BALE

1

BALE

2

3

4

Stone element matrix 1 2 3 4

Walls Floors Arches Details

Stone – Matter and Place

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The kinds of people I work for are in equal number with the types of stones I work with first the people who live in Bale, second those who stay here for longer and third those who visit us for a short stay. At the same time there are three types of stone - the soft one, the hard one and the very hard one. What's also important is that you have to treat some more roughly than others. Spreading my knowledge would be something worthwile, I would argue ...

The way we understand Bale as a destination is rather progressive: While we try to conserve the city in its distinct quality, our aim is to radically increase the comfort and the well-being of our guests in the same move. Basically we are positioning ourselves in an international context that is all about fulfilling as-high-as-possible standards in the end.

While as an artist I am not used to thinking in economic terms, I consider the ruins as an integral part of Bale. Trying to merge those two principles might be the way to a future interesting for all of us.

Social context - interviews with local players

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Research

m AT T E r A N D p L A c E | r esear ch

Photo catalog: windows and soffits of stone walls

Stone – Matter and Place

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on complexity and repetition

Drawing catalog: windows and soffits of stone walls

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Design Strategy

ThEsIs research

potential

tourists

te ra stin

short-term

local community

n o i t ra

o b a l ol

c

10

guests long-term

Collaboration between local communities and visitors as part of the project's aim to trigger further initiatives

Stone – Matter and Place

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M AT T E R A N D P L A C E | s trateg y

STEP 1 enabling spaces TICIPAN R PAR TS FO LL CA

REVIEW

EXPERT

PROPOSAL

STEP 2.2

OPEN ARCHIVE

stimulating spaces spaces spaces

+ ST

IN

G

LIVE WITH LOCALS

KNOWLE

TE

E

UT

ID

EA

AL

RN

DGE

TH

E XT

INP

E

VALLEY EXPERIMENTAL TERRAIN N

ORATIO

COLLAB

EXPERT

O TI U EC EX

EX

ION

EXECUT

N

ATELIER

IMMERSED SLEEPING

EAT MY STONES

EC

UT

IO

N

MENTAL SPA

STEP 2.1 experience spaces spaces

USER EXPERIENCE Enabling, stimulating, experiencing spaces: Stone – Matter and Place as and interlinked catalyst project

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Design Strategy

Artificial courtyard

Drywall

Layers of masonry

MODE RN INTER MO D PR ERN M E AT INTER OTD ON N? INTERPREETIR PRETA T ATIIO ON N? ?

Monolithic rock wall

Concrete wall

Types of masonry

Stone – Matter and Place

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Recommendation of the muncipality: Cover stone

PRIORITY: INSIDE Plaster + Insulation

OUTSIDE!

Strengthen identity: Show stone

PRIORITY: OUTSIDE

Plaster + Insulation

INSIDE!

NEW BUILDING

Plaster + Insulation

IN BETWEEN!

PRIORITY: OVERALL show the masonry

Comparison of how to treat stone surfaces: recommendation of the municipality vs. recommendation of the project

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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Design Strategy

revalue spatial qualitites

sudden gap

Sudden gap

empty townhouse

Empty townhouse

urban leftovers

Artificial courtyard

Urban leftovers

Existing ruins and buildings as potential project sites for case studies

Stone – Matter and Place

44


Area 37 m² Area 46 m² 37 m² Storeys 2 Storeys area 4 46 m² 2 4 invalid/ Condition Ruin/Roof invalid/Barricaded/ Condition storeys Ruin/Roof ruin/roof invalid/barricated/ condition ruin/roof invalid/barricated/ condition Outer murals in bad condition/ Barricaded/ outer murals in bad condition/ outer murals intact One interiorone stone wall existent Outer murals intact interior stone wall existent

Area area Storeys storeys Condition

28 m²

28 m² area 2 2 storeys Ruin/Roof invalid/ ruin/roof invalid/u condition Used as dump/ outer murals inta Outer murals intact

Selection of sites for project case studies

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

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M AT T E R A N D P L A C E | str ategy

Design Strategy

IMMERSED SLEEPING sleeping units 01x outdoor

EAT MY STONES sleeping units 01x indoor

MENTAL SPA

OPEN ARCHIVE

Stone – Matter and Place

46


open

STE

open for B stone are m ly be ting u mom whole

the va lley as a te cyclic e vents a sti ng g rou nd . re to b d iscou e prog rsive a ramme pproac ensu re d here h to th db . e matt ressem y c ritica l c u ra er of s bli ng ta tone is tion of spec if to be c tica l e ic work x peri m s hop s enta lit y.

menta

STE

in ord alwa soul o will h room cons the p

LIVE WITH LOCALS sleeping units 01x indoor

ATELIER + WORKSHOPS

Overview of projects Project 1: Mental Spa Project 2: Open Archive Project 3: Immersed Sleeping

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

47


Mental Spa Project 1

The Mental Spa marks the anti-stone experience. By providing a clear view from a ruinous building, isolated from the omnipresence of the material of stone, the Mental Spa gives the user a moment of contemplation and clarity. The temporary, but complete absence of stone allows for a new reading of this material in the context of Bale, amplifying its importance.

Stone – Matter and Place

48


m E N TA L S pA |

v i s u a li s at io n

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

49


Mental Spa

Mental Spa in the context of Bale

Stone – Matter and Place

50


revive

I feel like I‘m snowblind in here.

Oh, my god, so many stones!

Yeah, they are everywhere.

Mental Spa as a retreat from the omnipresence of stone

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

51


Mental Spa

-

CONCEPT III

-

M E N TA L S PA

am I in heaven now?

| con

CONCEPT II

-

sequence

mental

spa

+

stone experience

Stone – Matter and Place

52


CEPT II NCEPT-II

-

-

M E N TA L S PA | concept M E N TA L S PA | co n c e p t

material + program material + program

0% STONE 0% STONE

++

++

ite Show natural pavement ppos aallllyy oopposite site ic d ic a d place of clarity natural pavement posishow erra e p th h o t te te to ally ppo erela ically o addic place of clarityrelat show natural pavement rra teththee la o t re e relat

Sequence

Place of clarity sequence

sequence

=

+ + stone experience Stone experience stone experience

ANTI STONE ANTI STONE

=

STONE

STONE

STONE

antistone experience

STONE

immediate transition

Anti-stone antistone experience experience

Immediate immediate transition transition

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

53


Mental Spa

MRM

ROCESS ESS I I I

MRM

mm a taem t rea i rati la e lr i a

brightbright

passage 1. passage 1. passage

2

bright bright brightbright

1

useuse as as façade use façade ascladding façade cladding cladding 2. programmatic 2. programmatic 2. programmatic intervention intervention intervention 3.adapt 3.adapt 3.adapt to side to side to side forfor open open for archive archive open archive

rkrk rk da da da

3

4.4.punctualize punctualize 4. punctualize intervention intervention intervention

mm m as as as sisi si ve ve ve 5 roro ro ckck ck

4

5.5.manipulate manipulate 5. manipulate athmosphere athmosphere athmosphere 1 2 3 4 5

6.6.modulate modulate 6. modulate pavement pavement pavement

Passage Programmatic intervention Punctualize Manipulate Modulate pavement

Stone – Matter and Place

54


ection reflection

eflectionreflection

DESIGN PROCESS DESIGN PROCESSIIII DESIGN PROCESSDESIGN II PROCESS II PROCESS DESIGN DESIGN IIIIPROCESS

MATERIAL MATERIAL MATERIALMATERIAL MATERIAL MATERIAL MATERIAL MATERIAL

TALL SSpA pA | | d desesigignnp pr or coes c es mmEENNTA ss

f o r mf o r m

1

ruin ruin

2 ruin ruin

3

sky voidsky reflection void reflection sky voidsky void reflection reflection

ruin ruin

ruin ruin

pavement sky voidpavement sky void

reflection reflection

skyvoid void sky

skyvoid void reflection reflection reflection sky reflection

skyvoid void sky

skyvoid void sky

4

sky void sky void

sky voidsky void

reflection reflection ruin ruin

reflection reflection

pavement pavement

pavement pavement

pavement pavement pavement pavement

1 2 3 4

Ruin Reflection Sky Pavement

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

55


Mental Spa

M E N TA L S PA

|

1 : 100

g r o u n d fl o o r

+-0,00

-1,40

Ground floor

Stone – Matter and Place

56


section

Existing ruin

Steel construction

Reflective steel surface on steel construction

Natural pavement gained stone is used for "Open Archive"

Section

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

57


Open Archive Project 2

Apart from being the point of arrival and administration for the dispersed hotel, the Open Archive allows the presence of stone in Bale to be addressed and experienced on the knowledge and research level. Guests and locals can study the built heritage of Bale and develop contemporary strategies to work with this heritage. The Open Archive itself becomes a model for these strategies: By solidifying a ruin with local stone, excess existing material from another project gets redistributed, illustrating a self-healing approach to the place.

Stone – Matter and Place

58


OpEN ArchIvE |

v i s u a li s at io n

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

59


Open Archive

Open Archive in the context of Bale

Stone – Matter and Place

60


revive

DISpErSED AS A mEANSTHE TO rEINhABIT ThE cENTrAL rUIN BY ThE cOmmUNITY COMMUNITY THE RUIN BY CENTRAL REINHABIT TOhOTEL OTEL AS1.AThEMEANS

CO

LL

RE

EC

RELAY

TH

T

INK

TE RA

T IS

IN

M

AD

Axonometric view

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

61


Open Archive MATERIAL

RCHIVE

| co n ce p t

materi

3. BRINGING THE VERNACULAR TECHNIQUE OF QUARRYING RIGHT INTO THE TOWN CONCEPT

MATERIAL

3. BRINGING THE VERNACULAR TECHNIQUE OF QUARRYING RIGHT INTO THE TOWN

Use cutout as material for Open Archive

use cutout as material for open archive

mental spa

open archive

Mental Spa

Guests

Open Archive

Locals

Users Offer usage to both guests and locals

Study room

Collection Displaying relation between built heritage of Bale and contemporary strategies Plans Material library + [Digital interface]

Organization

Mon Perin

Administration

dispersed hotel

Create an infopoint for the dispersed hotel and the city

Material and program

Stone – Matter and Place

62


| design process

DESIGN PROCESS I

FORM AN

(originally from Bale)

OPEN ARCHIVE

local

stone

ruin

1.empty

1. empty

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

63


ESIGN PROCESS I

Open Archive FORM AND VOLUME

Empty ruin 1.empty ruin OPEN ARCHIVE 1. empty ruin

2.Insert insertstructure structure

Mimicry of former volume

| d esign process

access and program 2. insert structure mimicry of former volume

Raise volume 3. raise volume Show the ruin from the inside 3. raise volume show the ruin from the inside

Expand + sit+on 3. expand sitruin on ruin construction 4. expand+sit on ruin

DESIGN PROCESS II

-

CONSTRUCTION

-

Study room

Ring beam

Micro Schaulager

Administration Sealed-in piles access and programm atic distribution

Upper row: Form and volume Lower row: Access, program and construction

Stone – Matter and Place

64


sto Ring beam

ring beam explanatory diagram

Sealed-in piles

sealed-in piles

Stair as a tectonic element

zenithalZenithal light light

store

Store

perforate wall wall +dim Perforate +light dim light

Strengthened interiority

strengtened interiority

sit Sit + Observe +observe

Structural and functional considerations

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

65


Open Archive

OPEN ARCHIVE

|

1 : 100

g r o u n d fl o o r

+-0,00

+8,90

Ground floor

Stone – Matter and Place

66


fi r s t fl o o r

+5,05

1st floor

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

67


Open Archive

+8,90

2nd floor

Stone – Matter and Place

68


Stones from "Mental Spa" are used for the stone fassade Study room

Perforated concrete wall Archive

Concrete ring beam reinforcing the ruin

Accessing the "Open Archive" via a concrete tube Reception Existing ruin reinforced with sealed-in piles

Section

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

69


Immersed Sleeping Project 3

Immersed Sleeping provides a unique way of outdoor lodging, an experience specific to the material of stone. To preserve the character of the ruin in which it is located, a new element – an inhabitable sequenced stone wall – is inserted into the ruin. The sequenced stone wall uses a geometry of niches and corners serving different activities, providing spaces with more and more privacy as one immerses deeper into the center.

Stone – Matter and Place

70


ImmErSED SLEEpINg |

visu alisation

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

71


Immersed Sleeping

Immersed Sleeping in the context of Bale

Stone – Matter and Place

72


I M M E R S E D S L E E P I N G | concept

sit

CONC

Site plan: Approaching Immersed Sleeping

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

73


slipper

Immersed Sleeping

E X P E R I E N C E S PA C E S

stone and I IM M E R S E Dwall SLEEPING sequenced sleeping units

01x outdoor

E X P E R I E N C E S PA C E S

IMMERSED SLEEPING

E AT M Y

01x outdoor

sleeping u

bed

sleeping units

58

hat

trous

s

trou

shoe

e trous

trou

s

serwr eater

backpack

shoe

e

serwr eater

bed

backpack

hat

shoe

DAY TOURIST

shoe

DAY TOURIST

hat

sli

pp

er

slipper

bra

bra

trousers

a trtro ouusseresrs ter

shoe sh shoe oe sh shoe oe sho e

bra

swe

s

e trousers ater

sw

shoe shoe

we ttrroouusseesrswresatear ter

shoe

eate trouse r swrs

er

ater swe

users

e

o shoe

sh

shoe

hat

trousers

backpack s beackp ack ate trouser wsw tro s eart

hat

hat

pants

sli

bra pants pants

pants

pp

er

slipper

Analogy to the procedure of undressing

Stone – Matter and Place

74


N-PROCESS DESIGN-PROCESS I I

mErSED

-

-

I m m E r S E D S L E E p I N g | design process S L E E p I N g | d e s i gn process

n process

it

sit sit

sit walk comfortable walk comfortable walk comfortable walk comfortable squeeze

sit Sit

sit sit

sit

it

comfortable Walkwalk comfortably

sitwalk comfortable walk comfortable walk comfortable squeeze walk comfortable walk comfortable squeeze

squeeze squeeze squeeze Squeeze

squeeze squeeze

squeeze undress

ddyy

squeeze undress

dynamic studies

walk comfortable walk comfortable squeeze walk alk comfortable comfortable squeeze squeeze squeeze squeeze observe observe Observe observe walk comfortable squeeze walk comfortableobserve walk comfortableobserve squeeze squeeze squeeze

walk alk comfortable comfortable

squeeze squeeze

observe

store

observe bath bath store bath bath

squeeze squeeze observe observe

squeeze undress undress observe Bathe bath bath squeeze

undress undress undress bath bath bath undress undress undress

undress undress observe bath

undress undress bath bath

undress store store bathundress Undress get a towel undress

store store store get a towel get a towel getstore a towel store store

store store bath get a towel

store store get a towel get a towel

store storebath Store

bath store bath bath

bath get getaatowel towel

Get a towel get atowel towel get getaatowel

get getaatowel towel

get a towel

get a towel sleep sleep

Sleep

sleep sleep sleep

sleep sleep

sleep

Inhabitable wall - catalogue of activities

observe bath bath

bath bath bath

bath get getaatowel towel

get a towel get getaatowel towel

get a towel sleep sleep

sleep sleep sleep sleep diagrammatic studies diagra diagrammatic diagrammaticstudies studies diagrammatic diagrammaticstudies studies

diagrammatic studies diagra diagrammatic diagrammaticstudies studies diagrammatic diagrammaticstudies studies

sleep

sleep

sleep

matic studies diagrammatic studies

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

75


m E r SPROCESS E DPROCESS S L EIIE pIII N g | d e s i g n p r o c e s s ESIGN DESIGN

- -

Immersed Sleeping

abandonded abandonded ruinruin abandonded Abandoned

abandonded abandonded ruinruin

spiral

create create a stone a stone base base create a stone Create a stone

create create a stone a stone base base

stage movement

Spiral spiral spiral wallwall

Stage movement stage stage movement movement

spiral spiral wallwall

stage stage movement movement

Stone – Matter and Place

76


gapgap togap old togap to old murals old tomurals old murals murals gap gap old to murals old murals Gap totoold murals

gapgap togap old togap to old murals old tomurals old murals murals

sleselsepleespelepep sleselsepleespelepep

ruinruinruinruin ruinruinruinruin

insert insert activities activities

Insert activities insert insert insert activities insert activities activities activities

inhabitinhabit wall wall Inhabit wall inhabit inhabit inhabit wall inhabit wall wallwall Diagram: Development from ruin to inhabitable wall

insert insert insert activities insert activities activities activities

inhabit inhabit inhabit wall inhabit wall wallwall

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

77


Immersed Sleeping

IMMERSED SLEEPING

Stone wall to be re-used

| des i g n p r ocess

+

+

Arch as a means to increase width of span

+

stone wall to be

+

arc as means to width of span

Alcove-like condition Existing elements

Stone – Matter and Place

alcove-like con

78


e xl apnl aa tnoartyo rdyi adgiraagmr a m exp

dd

e se

Combination of the elements

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

79


EEPM MDMSELREIS-M DI N ESRGLS-EEEDP IS|NLdes GE E ig P InNp|Groc d ees sigs n| pdroc e sig esns p roc es s Immersed Sleeping

DESIGN PROCESS III I M M E R S- E D S L E E P I N G

enter

Enter enter

enter

enter

enter enter

| d es i g n pr oc es s

undress

Undressundress undress

undress

undress

undress undressundress

Stone – Matter and Place

bath

bath

Bathe bath

bath

bath

bath

bath

bath

80


h

e xe px lpa

e x p l a n a t o r y dei ax g p rl a n ma t

make fire Make fire make fire make fire

make fire

sleep

sleep Sleep sleep

sleep

Catalogue of activities

make fire

make makefire fire

make fire

sleep

sleep

sleep sleep

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

81


SED SLEEPING

| 1 : 100

g r o u n d fl o o r

Immersed Sleeping

Ground floor

Stone – Matter and Place

82


section

New wall made out of remaining stones from the "Open Archive"

Existing ruin

Bathing Sleeping Making fire

Section

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

83


Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

Weronika Bogal, Urska Gantar, Adam Lyko, Barbora Tothova

Butterflies and people, activating and colonizing the town's ruins, making a virtue of its decay The region around Bale is strongly characterized by its broad biodiversity. Fostered by the mild climate and the karst flora, the region forms a natural habitat for a variety of butterfly species. In order to experience their ephemeral beauty and life cycle not just in wild nature, but in the center of Bale, the project challenges a seeming weakness of the town – its vacancy and decay, apparent in the variety of ruins in the town center. The project's research on life conditions and the life cycle of butterflies shows that the environment provided by the abandoned stone buildings in Bale, with

their combination of heat storage and wild vegetation, create an ideal bio tope for butterflies. As a result, the project transforms a series of adjacent ruins into a sequence of gardens usable and inhabitable by butterflies and people. An introduced system of wild and planted vegetation, paths, ladders, hanging tents and other unobtrusive and non-invasive architectural elements allow for the activation of formerly abandoned places in the town's center and an experience full of analogies to the life cycle and fascination of butterflies.

84


Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

85


Research

Bale and its valleys as natural habitat for butterflies

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

86


LYCAENIDAE

NYMPHALIDAE

PAPILIONIDAE

PERIADAE

RIODINIDAE Metalmarks butterflies

2nd largest family

Largest family

Swallowtail butterfly

Wet / dry / waterlogged

Deciduuous, mixed forests,

Dry / rocky / sunny / grassy

Steppes

Forest edges

Meadows

Forest paths, edges, woodland

slopes

Dry meadows

Overgrowing glades

Glades

Streams and river banks

Glades, orchards, fields

Rocky / sunny / dry slopes

Treeless areas, forest edged

Dry/wet/peaty meadows

Sunny mountainsides

Fields, lands

Fens, steppes, scrubs, fields

Glades, fens, raised bogs

Dry / meadows

Dry / rocky / sunny / grassy /

Waterlogged meadows

Screes, hedgerows, farmlands

slopes

Waysides, scrubs

River valleys, steppes

River valleys,bogs, moorlands

Dry dunny slopes Gardens, orchards

Host plants

Plants

Pupa, leaves

Flowering plants

Plants

Herbs

Flowers

Imago

Herbs

Flowers

Flowering plants

Flowering plants, herbs

Plants

Vegetables, garden plants

Flowers

Fruits, sip nectar Lycaenidae

Apaturinae

Papilionidae

Coliadinae

Polyommatinae

Danainae

Parnassidae

Dismorphiinae

Theclinae

Heliconiinae

Riodinidae

Pieriadae

Libytheinae Limenitidinae Melitaeinae Nymphalidae Satyrinae

Types of butterflies

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

87


Research

Life cycle and living environment of butterflies

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

88


Possibilities to breed and feed butterflies

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

89


Design Strategy

1st group of ruins

2nd group of ruins

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

90


3rd group of ruins

4th group of ruins Location of the projects

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

91


Design Strategy

SCALE 1 : 200

ACCOMODATION

MAIN PATH SCHEME

LEGEND SERVICE ATTRACTIONS EATING ACCOMMODATION

4

PASSAGE

1

TYPES OF VEGETATION SCHEME SCALE 1 : 200

LEGEND HERBS FLOWERS FRUIT

2

5 BUTTERFLY FAMILIES LIFECYCLE SCALE 1 : 200 LYCAEN NYMPHAL PAPILION PAPILION

PERIA

RIODIN

PERIA

OBSERVATION

RIODIN

PAPILION

LEGEND LYCAEN NYMPHAL PAPILION

3

6

Circulation and function

Implementation of the concept – site plan

1 Accommodation 2 Passage 3 Observation

4 Activities and program 5 Types of vegetation 6 Butterfly families life cycle

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

IMAGO PUPA LARVA EGG

92


7

8

9 Implementation of the concept – section 7 Activities and program 8 Types of vegetation 9 Butterfly families life cycle

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

93


Design Strategy

EXISTING RUIN

NOT REBUILDING IN A HOUSE

GENERAL GENERAL EXPERIENCE EXPERIENCE TOGENERAL CONNECT TO CONNECT EXPERIENCE ALL RUINS ALL RUINS TO CONNECT ALL RUINS

EXISTING RUIN

LEAVING AS A RUIN WITH A SEPARATED STRUCTURE

NOT REBUILDING IN A HOUSE

Not rebuilding in a house

Existing ruin

Leaving as a ruin with a separated structure

TRANSPARENCY OF THE STEEL NET

LEAVING AS A RUIN WITH A SEPARATED STRUCTURE

BUTTERFLIES BUTTERFLIES Butterfl ies

DESPITE STRUCTURAL ABILITIES STEEL NET PERMIT TO ENLIGHTEN LOWER LEVELS

BUTTERFLIES VEGETATION VEGETATION Vegetation

VEGETATION WALKING WALKING PATH PATH Steel net

HANGING HANGING SEATSSEATS Hanging HANGING SEATS WALKING PATH seats

BUTTERFLIES’ FEEDERS FEEDERS BUTTERFLIES’ FEEDERS LINKED TO LINKED THE BUTTERFLIES TO THE LINKED TOSEPARATED THE BUTTERFLIES SEPARATED CONSTRUCTION CONSTRUCTIONlevels SEPARATED CONSTRUCTION SPACE TOSPACE REST TO REST Linked toBUTTERFLIES the butterfl ies Walking Butterfl yBUTTERFLIES’ feeders BUTTERFLIES‘ BUTTERFLIES‘ ACCOMODATION BUTTERFLIES‘ ACCOMODATION DIFFERENT WALKINGWALKING LEVELSIN LEVELS DIFFERENT WALKING MOBILE LEVELS MOBILE ACTIVITIES WITH VEGETATION ANDDIFFERENT BUTTERFLIES BUTTERFLIES’ GARDEN Transparent roof Butterfl yACCOMODATION accommodation OBSERVATION’S OBSERVATION’S SPOTS SPOTS OBSERVATION’S SPOTS Observation spots

General experience to connect all ruins

FAMILIES Butterfly families

ACCOMODATION Accommodation

HERBS herbs

Lycaen, NYMPHAL, Nymphal, PAPILION Papilion LYCAEN,

Attractions ATTRACTIONS

FLOWERS Flowers

Peria,RIODIN, Riodin,PAPILION Papilion PERIA,

REST SpaceSPACE to TO rest Mobile MOBILE

LIFE Life CYCLE cycle EGG Egg LARVALarva PUPA Pupa

EATINGArea AREA Eating

SERVICE

FRUITS Fruits

PAPILION Papilion

Imago IMAGO

Concept diagram for treatment of ruins Project elements Distribution of butterflies to specific program

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

94


Playing mesh

Hanging cocoon sat

Sleeping mesh

Elevated mesh

Main path

Stairs

Balcony

Elevated floor

Wall structure

Ruin preservation mesh

Bridge

Mesh for shadow

Ladder

Railing

Vertical garden

Platform with holes for trees

Catalogue of elements

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

95


Design Strategy

TEMPORARY ACCOMMODATION SCHEME

BALEHOTEL AS A DISPERSED HOTEL BALE AS A DISPERSED

BUTTERFLY COCOON Butterfly

FOR PEOPLE

HANGING TENT cocoon as reference for hanging seats

FOR PEOPLE Hanging seat Accommodation for people

FOR FORButterfl BUTTERFLIES y hotel Accommodation for butterflies

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

BUTTERFLIES

96


Drinking

Eating

Cooking

Socializing

Sitting

Sleeping

Lying

Storing

Working

Learning

Observing

Playing

Catalogue of activities

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

97


Design Strategy

Project 2

Project 1

Project 3

Project 1: Eating Area Project 2: Attractions Project 3: Accommodation

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

98


Axonometric overview

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

99


Design Strategy

ACCOMO

EATING AREA FRUITS

HER

papillion

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

lycaen, nymp

100


ODATION

RBS

phal, papilion

ATTRACTIONS FLOWERS

Sequence of ruins and gardens with alternating program, qualities and atmospheres

peria, riodin, papilion

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

101


Eating Area Project 1

The Eating Area transforms a sequence of ruins into a spatial experience and self-organized culinary retreat. Ascending and descending from garden to garden, from kitchen, to barbecue, to picnic via cantilevered paths, ladders and stairs, it provides spaces that can be used by residents for gatherings and community cooking, but also by daily guests for a small picnic retreat.

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

102


Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

103


Eating Area

Steel mesh 0.04m 0.02m

Common kitchen

Summer barbecue

Stairs Suspended on steel wires

Foyer garden

Paths as cantilever

Private picnic garden

Steel ladder 0.06m

Garden with a view

Openings for trees in steel net

Common park

Section

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

104


Common kitchen

Summer barbecue

Entrance area

Workshops area

Foyer garden

Common park

Private picnic garden Playground

Garden with a view

Ground floor

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

105


Attractions Project 2

Attractions are a cluster of reanimated ruins, interweaving the spaces of the butterfly habitat with spaces providing attractions for public life and community activities. Areas for workshops, a summer cinema, a children's playground and a butterflies' glasshouse give the users a feeling of discovering a mixture between a participatory museum and a full-size playground.

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

106


Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

107


Attractions

Openings for trees in steel net

Steel mesh 0.04m 0.02m

Stairs Suspended on steel wires

Path elevation over ground

Path as contilever Workshop area

Summer cinema

Butterflies' glasshouse

Private butterflies' glasshouse

Section

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

108


Workshops area Butterflies' glasshouse

Summer cinema

Private butterflies' garden

Playground

Butterflies' shop

Temporary accommodation Private accommodation

Ground floor

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

109


Accommodation Project 3

Accommodation includes the areas within the ruins' sequence that are designated for sleeping and resting. Analog to the butterfly's cocoon, hanging tents provide easy accommodation for those guests seeking less privacy. For a more introverted accommodation experience within the ruins, private sleeping spaces, fully equipped with outdoor showers, are also reserved.

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

110


Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

111


Accommodation

Mesh elevation over ground

Hanging cocoon seat

Temporary accommodation

Sleeping mesh

Private accommodation

Section

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

112


Butterflies' shop

Temporary accommodation Private accommodation

Temporary accommodation

Ground floor

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

113


42 10

5

20

8

33

55

3 30 3

50

11 22

33

Details

50 4

46

4

Aluminum L-profile railing 33x33 Socket head cap screw 3x14

Steel square profile 30mm

1230

Steel grid 50x50x30

Socket head cap screw 5x60 on rubber mat

32

Weld

100

Weld Steel L-profile with diagonal perpendicular reinforcement

35

32

30

30

Aluminum mat

4 2 4

30

Complement

10

10

Reinforced concrete filling

Steel C-profile upn 100 Rubber mat

Detail of stairs and mounting to the wall Detail of stairs section

Ruins – Butterflies' Garden

114


Steel wire Ø2mm suspended to steel C-profiles above Steel above

Screw

Steel grid 50x50x30

185

180

Steel pipe Ø15mm

Steel square profile 30mm

30

Aluminum mat

35

Socket head cap screw 5x60 on rubber mat Steel C-profile upn 100

32

100

32

30

Steel grid 50x50x30

50 25

50 50

50 50

223 27

27

250

Detail of stairs bottom landing and tread

Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

115


Wine – The Bale Experience

Tin Jelavic, Besarta Krasniqi, Clarissa Meneghetti Brendler

Representing the local production of wine in the town center, creating tangible experiences Istrian wine production is strongly apparent in the landscape around Bale, represented by various vineyards, wineries with direct marketing and agriturismo accommodation. At the same time, the center of Bale lacks this presence. Only when looking closer at local bars' wine menus, one might find a clue of locally produced wine. The project introduces the atmospheres of wine as well as elements of the winemaking cycle to the town center of Bale and connects it with a network of wineries and vineyards in the surroundings. As an analogy to the main containers of the production process – grape, barrel

and bottle – three different locations allow people to experience this process and engage in the topic of wine on several levels. The created activities generate attraction for residents and guests equally. By working with empty buildings, ruins and landscape elements of Bale, the project interweaves the topic of wine with the town's existing fabric, thus adding a new chapter to the story of Bale that has always been present, but previously lacked the possibility to be experienced.

116


Town as Dispersed Hotel – Bale in Istria

117


Research

Architectural elements of the historic center of Bale

Wine – The Bale Experience

118


Architectural elements of the stancijas/wineries in the surroundings of Bale

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Research

Participation Workshop

Temporary sleeping Participation Workshop

Reception Eat & Drink Temporary sleeping wine sleeping Participation Workshop

Temporary sleeping Participation Workshop

Current touristic offers in Bale and its surrounding region stancija sea main road bike road 3LHD bike path visited stancija Bale muncipality

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Harvest

September - October

Storage & Consumption

Juice clarification

Pressing De-stemming & Crushing

Primary alcoholic fermentation

Primary alcoholic fermentation

Malolactic fermentation

Grape

Barrel

Daily guest Short-term guest Long-term guest Resident

January

February

March

Bottle

Tourist season various existing events Last Minute Jazz Festival Castrum Vallis Bale's night

Wine & Food festival

April

May

June

Ageing

July

August

Harvest season Wine related workshops and events Sommelier courses Harvest participation Early wine making

September October

Intermediate winemaking workshop

November

December

Process of winemaking Seasonal analysis of the tourists

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Design Strategy

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Grape

Barrel

Bottle

Project diagram

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Design Strategy

Restaurant & Kitchen

Bar & Reception

Accommodation

Grape

Barrel

Bottle

Program of sub-projects

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Project 3

Project 2

Project 1

Ground floor overview Project 1: Open Kitchen & Restaurant Project 2: Bar & Reception Project 3: Wine Accommodation

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Open Kitchen & Restaurant Project 1

With a view over the central valley of Bale, Open Kitchen & Restaurant becomes a signature dining destination of Bale. To adapt the existing buildings to the new use, they are being retrofitted with new structures like roofs, pergolas and stairs. As a reference to the role of the barrel in the winemakling process, old barrels are upcycled and used to construct hammocks and furniture elements.

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Open Kitchen & Restaurant

Location of the Open Kitchen & Restaurant

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1

2 1 Additions to existing buildings 2 Final structure

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Open Kitchen & Restaurant

2

3/4

1

Ground floor 1 Open Kitchen & Restaurant 2 Communal dining area 3 Restrooms 4 Utility & storage

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Roof view

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Open Kitchen & Restaurant

1

2

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1 1st Floor 2 Section

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Bar & Reception Project 2

Bar & Reception operates beyond the project Wine – The Bale Experience, since it operates the main desk for the whole dispersed hotel. The main desk is dDirectly accessible from the street and guests can book their stay or ascend a staircase to a wine bar on the second floor. The facade as well as the roof of the second floor are constructed from curved barrel planks, creating different scenarios of light incidence and transparency.

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Bar & Reception

Location of the Bar & Reception

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1

2

4

5

3

6

1 Current state 2 Volume is added aligning with the neighbouring building 3 Opening is cut into the Roman wall 4 Stairs are added to connect to the hotel 5 Screen of upcycled barrels is put over the glass hull 6 The new Bar & Reception

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Bar & Reception

1/2

Ground floor 1 Bar & Reception – winemaking & learning 2 Living room – cultural center café upper floor

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Section

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Wine Accommodation Project 3

Wine Accommodation enables a sleeping experience in a setting similar to a wine cellar. Combined with a garden spa in an adjacent ruin and a vinotheque stocked with locally produced wine, the bed itself is made on top of a walk-in wine rack, ready for the guest to fall asleep directly after a well-nuanced and enjoyable wine tasting.

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Wine Accommodation

Location of the Wine Accommodation

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1

2

3

4

5

6

1 Location in current state. 2 Store and lodging are inserted as space within a space. 3 The new volume consists of four large wine racks. 4 Window is cut into the roof to ensure proper lighting. 5 A glass roof is placed over the ruin for the new spa. 6 The new Wine Accommodation.

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Wine Accommodation

2

4 3

Ground floor

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2

1

1st Floor 1 Accommodation 2 Garden spa 3 Vinotheque - shop & wine tasting 4 Wine rack

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Wine Accommodation

1

2 Light study at different times 1 12 noon in June 2 12 noon in December

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Section

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Valleys – Bale / Valle

Osama Almughanni, Igor Petrychenko, Kenan Zvizdic

Accentuating oblivious, but eminent elements of topography and landscape The most eminent landmark of Bale is at the same time it's most inconspicuous one – at least through the eyes of a visitor. However, when observing the town from the air or looking at satellite imagery, the most obvious and distinctive feature of Bale is a huge crater, equal in size to the historic town center right next to it. With this in mind, the name of the town also explains itself: Bale, or its Italian name Valle, is a reference to the valley that makes the settlement next to it so very unique. Over time, it had remained devoid of buildings. It is this vacuum that strengthens the presence of the valley, yet is only visible to the

residents of the surrounding houses and to visitors who dare to leave the paved streets of the town and explore the narrow gaps between the buildings. By researching the topography of the wider region, the project team discovered that the valley of Bale's center is not just an isolated phenomenon, but part of a series of smaller and larger valleys. The project ties these valleys together, activates them and assigns each of them individual qualities and activities, allowing this phenomenon to be experienced in the most site-specific and atmospheric ways.

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Research

The valley as a specific quality of Bale

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Thresholds between town and valley

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Research

Satellite photo of Bale

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Topographic site plan

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Design Strategy

Valle Bale

Bale

Valle

Valle (Italian for 'valley') vs. Bale (town)

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The circular distribution of the houses

Accessing the valley

The current path system

A new layer within the current system The valley, its paths and circulation

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Design Strategy

6

5

4

1

7

3 2

1 Lobby 2 Garden 3 Sport 4 Workshop 5 Restaurant 6 Pool 7 Plants

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Overview of valleys and projects

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Lobby Project 1

As the valley with the most prominent location in Bale, Lobby represents the most extroverted program of the dispersed hotel. It is a meeting place, an event space, a common recreation area and a generous public space at the same time. By only implementing small platforms of different sizes in the valley, its topography stays unaltered; the intervention is well- defined, but at the same time submerges into the natural landscape.

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Institut für Architektur und Entwerfen Abteilung für Gebäudelehre und Entwerfen

Osama Almughanni * Igor Petrychenko * Kenan Zvizdic Großes Entwerfen "Re-Thinking Tourism 02: Town as Dispersed Hotel (Bale in Istria)"

Endpräsentation Master Entwerfen Tina Gregoric Dekleva Johannes Paar

Valleys of Bale

Situation

Concept

Program

Form pool restaurant

Bale

workshop lobby

hotel hotel.. hotel..

parking

Valle

essential oils garden

Along the west coast, moving from south to the north, the first fortified town and Citadel was Bale (ital. Valle) a smaller municipal center between Pula and Porec and the inside of the present Istria. The Italian name “Valle” literally means “Valley”.

The idea was noticeable in a way after a simple marking all of the valleys. This elliptical framing represents each valley as an own spatial space, where various programs and activites of a future “dispersed hotel” could take place.

sport

Defining the programs was relying on the historical and spatial context and aspects of the place as well as on the needs of the future hotel. A study of each valley’s terrain allowed also for a better understanding of possible activities inside these spaces.

The form is originated from the terrain of the valleys. Trying to keep the landscape as it was, we have modified the new structures that should just "fit into" the existing "natural" one, representing each valley as it is was/will be.

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1

Lobby – Project 1

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Site photos of existing valley

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Lobby

The general idea is to design environmentally-friendly platforms which could be placed on the flat or suitable places on the valley’s terrain, while considering that the valley’s contour lines do not change.

The distribution of these platforms in a circular way will establish a center of a new public space for the town.

In this concept, the central platform is going to be the base of town’s events such as jazz festivals or outdoor exhibitions.

The different sizes of these platforms have different use approaches. They will also guide the users out of the middle valley to the other valleys in town.

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Site plan

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Garden Project 2

Not all valleys are well-defined and recognizable as such at first sight. The Garden valley is such an overlooked and overgrown place. By closing the valley with a thin circular wall that uses narrow gaps for access, the garden becomes a precisely defined space with a strong, introverted atmosphere. The wall fades out the surroundings and creates a space for contemplation and meditation.

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Garden

2

Garden – Project 2

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Site photos of existing valley

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Garden

Closing the valley is our approach to make it appreciated again. The density of the trees inside this valley differentiates it from its surroundings and offers a special relaxing experience within its walls.

The relation between the visitors and the wall outside alludes to the already existing experience in the town, which is about moving circularly until finding the gap.

After following the wall, entering the valley is only possible through these narrow gaps that will be selected based on the view to the valley as well as the terrain.

Within these high closed walls, a new space for meditation inside will make the visitors perceive the beauty of this valley again.

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Site plan

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Sport Project 3

As a place of high activity, the Sport valley provides a circular running track as a distinctive element that defines the valley. The existing stone ramp remains and allows the bottom plateau to be used as a multipurpose sports field.

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Sport

3

Sport – Project 3

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Site photos of existing valley

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Sport

The present condition of the agricultural valley as well as the existing ramp provide a convenient way to integrate the future hotel's sports program into it.

The platform all around the valley is designed for running. The alreading existing ramp will be the basic connection element towards the bottom of the valley.

Considering the current nature of the valley, the natural grass there remains the basic ground. All kinds of sports on grass will be possible within this valley.

The platform could also be used as a space for sitting and observing the bottom of the valley while sports or other events are taking place.

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Site plan

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Workshop Project 4

The presence of stone and the visibility of rocks in the crater of the Workshop valley make it destined for creating a learning space, where knowledge about the formation of the karst topography and the geological composition of the landscape is imparted. The almost levitating roof improves the conditions for working, learning and lingering and creates a shelter from sun and rain.

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Workshop

4

Workshop – Project 4

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Site photos of existing valley

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Workshop

The stone as a basic construction element of Bale is naturally presented in this valley. The idea here is to enhance this presentation and activate the space.

This valley is going to be highlighted by establishing a basic roof that defines the new valley's space and provides an appropriate workshop situation.

The house nearby shall be used for the different needs of the valley such as storages or bathrooms.

The form defines two areas: the roofed area as an observation space highlighting the stones, and the opened-roof area where the main workshop takes place.

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Site plan

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Restaurant Project 5

With panoramic views to the surrounding landscape, the spacious, ring-like arrangement of the Restaurant valley gives each table an almost private dining experience in the middle of nature, while being catered from food trucks and mobile sellers.

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Restaurant

5

Restaurant – Project 5

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Site photos of existing valley

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Restaurant

The density of the trees as well as the very sloped terrain make this valley very special. The designed ring around it will extend the already existing house terraces into an observation circle.

This ring terrace is a summer platform. Street food trucks and mobile sellers are essential for this concept. They will be placed either next to this ring or on it.

This terrace has a width of three meters, offering space for pedestrians to walk or sit and eat while experiencing the nature of the valley.

A kind of symposium with the surroundngs will also be embedded here. The enclosing houses will be necessary to fulfill certain needs in this concept.

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Site plan

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Pool Project 6

The topography of the valleys with their gently sloped terrain and lowered flat bottom plateau provide good conditions for the Pool, an artificial pond with easy access. Again, a multipurpose circular element becomes the distinctive element of the valley: Boardwalk, sun deck, shaded area, access stairs/ladder and springboard at the same time.

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Pool

6

Pool – Project 6

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Site photos of existing valley

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Pool

Since the terrain of this valley gently slopes, it was the main reason for choosing it as the pool area of the new hotel. Accessing the bottom of the valley will also be easier from here than from somewhere else.

Still, the stairs as an important element for a pool within our circular understanding was the main issue on the design level.

Two different spaces will be achieved through this concept. The terrace above that works as a sunbathing area as well as the area underneath that provides sun protection.

Adding the water inside the valley will have result in many technical needs we are aware of. However, the stable soil and the stony terrain make this approach feasible.

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Site plan

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Plants Project 7

The Plant valley balances between being land art and a walkable agricultural production space. In this dense field of vertical rods used to cultivate plants and herbs native to the region around Bale, the variety of Bale’s flora can be discovered and experienced on many sensory levels.

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Plants

7

Plants – Project 7

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Site photos of existing valley

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Plants

In this valley, we are using the same vertical element. The circle will be applied through these vertical elements in order to observe a special experience of a circle in a colorful way.

The narrow spaces between these elements will create the paths through the different spheres, where each sphere may present one plant.

The different, special vegetation of Bale and Istria will be densely planted within these elements. This unique plant exhibition will present the circle as a special experience.

The density of the plants or the used vertical elements still do not block the horizontal view. Each point of view will offer a distincitve and extraordinary perception of the design.

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Site plan

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Imprint Publication data

Collaborating schools of architecture

Published by:

AF Zagreb:

Department of Architectural Typology and Design

Alan Braun, Kata Marunica, Silvije Novak

Institute of Architecture and Design

FA Ljubljana:

TU Wien

Ziva Deu, Tadej Glazar, Valentin Slacek

Edited by: Tina Gregoric, Johannes Paar

Laboratorio di cartografia e GIS-CIRCE, IUAV Venezia: Caterina Balletti, Francesco Guerra IUAV Venezia: Daniele Baraldi, Armando dal Fabbro, Sara Di Resta,

Editorial assistance:

Paolo Faccio, Antonella Faggiani, Pierluigi Grandinetti,

Basilis Neururer

Ezio Micelli, Anna Saetta

Design Studio mentors:

Special thanks to

Tina Gregoric, Johannes Paar Local assistance: Nika Mrden

Final presentation jury: Sasa Begovic, 3LHD Aljosa Dekleva, dekleva gregoric arhitekti Tina Gregoric, TU Wien

Student contributors:

Javier Haddad, onda arquitectura

Osama Almughanni, Weronika Bogal,

Eva Mair, TU Wien

Clarissa Meneghetti Brendler, Urska Gantar,

Johannes Paar, TU Wien

Tin Jelavic, Besarta Krasniqi, Jonathan Lutz,

Katharina Urbanek, TU Wien

Adam Lyko, Igor Petrychenko, Thomas Sommerauer,

Fabian Wallmüller, TU Wien

Raphael Thalmeier, Barbora Tothova, Kenan Zvizdic Design: Beton

Symposium panelists: Esau Acosta, Estudio [SIC] Theo Deutinger, TD Norbert Kettner, Wien Tourismus

Proofreading:

Elke Krasny, Academy of Fine Arts Vienna

Brian Dorsey

Dietmar Steiner, Az W Susanne Waiz, Studio Waiz

Model photography: Augustin Fischer

Initiators/organizers of CastrumLab: Tina Modrusan, UrLab

Sonderzahl Verlag

Nika Mrden, UrLab

ISBN 978 3 85449 505 5

Jelena Perusinovic, UrLab

All rights reserved

Accommodation sponsor:

© 2018 Abteilung für Gebäudelehre und Entwerfen

Massimo Piutti, Mon Perin

Institut für Architektur und Entwerfen TU Wien

Local collaborators: Ennio Malusa, City of Bale Martina Poropat, Italian Community Bale Edi Pastrovicchio, City of Bale Lorella Limoncin Toth, Ministry of Cultural Heritage Croatia Natasa Nefat, Ministry of Cultural Heritage Croatia

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Sonderzahl Verlag ISBN 978 3 85449 505 5


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