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Living and Working in Belgium

Athens 10.03.2011

Annie Vanseveren, Eures Advisor Vdab Gent annie.vanseveren@vdab.be


Belgium…

the

of Europe


Belgium: Some Facts  A federal state 32.545 km2 (Kingdom)  Population: +/-10.840.000 inhabitants  A multicultural society (> 9% of residents are foreign nationals)  Brussels is the capital: officially recognised as the capital of Europe and the home of the key political and decision-making institutions of the EU  3 Communities: Flemish, French and German (each with own political institutions and administration)  3 Regions: Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels-Capital Region  3 Official languages: Dutch, French and German


Brussels

6.252.000

Flanders

1.090.000 3.499.000

Languages: Dutch, French, German Population: 10.584.534

Wallonia


MAIN TOWNS


Typical Belgian


Regional Public Employment Services VDAB

www.vdab.be

ACTIRIS

ADG

www.adg.be

www.actiris.be

FOREM

www.leforem.be


Unemployment Rates     

EU: Belgium: Brussels Region: Flanders: Wallonia:

9,50% 8,80% 20,80% 6,83% 13,80%

(02.2011)

° Shortage of qualified workers ° Surplus of unqualified workers


Unemployment Figures     

E.U.: Belgium: Brussels Region: Flanders: Wallonia:

(02.2011)

23.000.000 518.300 106.200 198.500 213.600


Social Security Contributions Employee (global contribution = 13,07%) 

Sickness and invalidity - medical care - invalidity benefits

3,55% 1,15%

Unemployment

0,87%

Pension

7,50%

Family Benefits

0,00%

Accidents at work

0,00%

Professional Deseases

0,00%


Taxation Personal Income     

0€ 8 070 € 11 480 € 19 130 € 35 060 and +

-

8 070 € 11 480 € 19 130 € 35 060€

25% 30% 40% 45% 50%

Taxable amount: gross wage – social security contributions Other     

possible deductions: legal fixed-rate (6 570 €) or professional costs spouse and children at charge mortgage loan for house pension savings donations etc….

(fiscal year 2011 – income 2010)


The Belgian Labour Market (1)  Most relevant sectors – Services 72 % – Industry 26.3%

 Major (exporting) industries - Chemical sector - Car assembly - Metallurgical industry

 Number of Bankcrupties: 9.570

2010

(sectors: hotel and catering, construction, retail trade, transport)


The Belgian Labour Market (2) Active population:

- Active (working) population: 4.390.000 - Employment rate = 61,8%

Average Minimum Wage: 2010 21 years

1.387,49 Euro gross/month

21,5 years

1.424,31

22 years

1.440,67

(Ref. FedEE)


Some data(1)  10% of all workers earn 1.807€/month (max).  10% of all workers earn 4.214€/month (min).  Average salary (2007) : 2.485€/month  Average salary Executives/Directors : 7.624€/month

*

all salaries are gross


Some data (2)  Best paying Sectors :  Petrochemistry  Energy (electricity, gas)  Chemistry  Financial institutions (banks…)  Assurances


Some Characteristics  Difference in contracts “labourers/workers” and “employees” !!  Different languages in Belgium (Dutch, French, German)  Bilingual : always Dutch/French  Regulation of annual vacation days (based on prestations of the previous year)


Labour Shortages (1) The professions suffering from a labour shortage vary from region to region Most wanted:       

Engineers Business consultants/Project leaders Nurses, geriatric helpers… IT- Specialists Plumbers / Welders Truck drivers Licence C/E Technicians (electricians, mechanics….)


Labour Shortages (2) The main sectors suffering from a labour shortage         

Public Transport (train, tram, bus) Sales and Distribution Non Profit (health care) Construction Computer & Technology Energy Call Centres Food Industry Education

 Seasonal jobs (fruit picking, vegetables, flowers….)


TOP 10 Opportunities 2011 Sectors          

Telecom, ICT/internet Food Industry Banks and Insurance Companies Public Sector Logistics, transport and Distributions General Consultancy Army, Police and Civil Protection Security and Prevention Energy and Environment Retail- & Wholesale

Ref. Vacature

Employment 1965 1751 1563 1548 1250 1217 1200 967 966 961


Labour Surpluses Fishermen Unskilled workers Low (un)skilled, monolingual employees Social profit sector workers


Where are the Jobs?  Public Employment Services  Eures Website  Newspapers, local advertising papers  Temporary Work and Recruitment Agencies  Company websites, internet  Networking  Job fairs & related events


Motivation letter First contact with future employer  Must be personal and refer to the company  Be clear and not too long  Show your motivation  Identify clearly your objectives  No spelling errors!!!


C.V.  Mention all important elements (experience, training, ev. hobbies)  Structure and lay-out must be clear (employer must easily find all information)  Put the important information on top  Mention only the relevant information in relation to the function you are applying for  Indicate clearly what kind of job you are looking for when applying spontaneously  The employer must find your contact data immediately


C.V.  Mention your language skills  Your CV must be concised but complete and may not contain more than 2 pages  Avoid “blanks” all years must be mentioned  Photo : not necessary (= positive sign)  References : inform person(s) and be sure employer can contact them http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu


JOB INTERVIEW Presentation : correct clothing, smile Preparation : questions you want to ask Inform yourself on the company Ask questions (shows your interest) Choose for conversation (no monologue!) Ask for feedback and next steps (when can you expect outcome)


Studying in Belgium (1) ďƒ˜ EU Students: notify local municipality within 3 months after arrival in Belgium (annex 19 => electronic E-card for max. 5 years or for duration of studies) ďƒ˜ Student/Vacation job: possible (same conditions as for Belgian students)


Studying in Belgium (2) Higher Education (University or University College = Hogeschool/Haute Ecole) ďƒ˜ Responsibility of the Communities (the Flemish Community for the Dutch-speaking part of the country and the French Community for the French & German-speaking part of Belgium). ďƒ˜ Courses can often be followed in English at master level


Studying in Belgium (3) 6 Universities Dutch language      

Universiteit Gent - www.ugent.be/en Katholieke Universiteit Leuven - www.kuleuven.be/english/ Vrije Universiteit Brussel - www.vub.ac.be/english/index.php Universiteit Antwerpen - www.ua.ac.be/main.aspx?c=.ENGLISH Universiteit Hasselt - www.uhasselt.be/en Katholieke Universiteit Brussel www.hubrussel.be/smartsite.dws?ch=IEE&id=11451


Studying in Belgium (4) 9 Universities French language  Université Catholique de Louvain - http://www.uclouvain.be/en-index.html  Université Libre de Bruxelles - http://www.ulbruxelles.be/  Université de Liège - http://www.ulg.ac.be/cms/c_5000/accueil  Université de Mons - http://portail.umons.ac.be/en2/pages/default.aspx  Faculté Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux http://www.fsagx.ac.be/index.php/en  Faculté Polytechnique de Mons http://portail.umons.ac.be/en2/universite/facultes/fpms/pages/default.aspx  Facultés Universitaires Catholiques de Mons http://www.fucam.ac.be/view.php3?include=65972&pere=20914&print=0  Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix à Namur http://www.fundp.ac.be/en/  Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis à Bruxelles - http://www.fusl.ac.be/


Studying in Belgium (5) University Colleges  22 in Dutch language  28 in French language  1 in German language  5 in other (mainly English) language (bachelor and masterlevel, but not recognised by the authorities) http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lijst_van_hogeronderwijsin stellingen_in_Belgi%C3%AB


Studying in Belgium (6) Useful Links Flemish Community: http://www.ond.vlaanderen.be/English/ French Community: http://www.enseignement.be/index.php?page=0&navi=18 Recognition of academic and professional qualifications http://www.enic-naric.net/index.aspx?c=Belgium


Career in the EU Institutions EPSO

(The European Personnel Selection Office) Address: Info-Recruitment C-80 00/48 1049 Brussels Belgium Tel:+32 (0)2.299.31.31

Languages: English, French, German E-mail: inforecruitment@cec.eu.int Website: http://europa.eu.int/epso


Career EU http://europa.eu/about-eu/working-euinstitutions/index_it.htm http://europa.eu/quick-links/job-seekers/index_it.htm General Information www.ec.europa.eu/euraxess/ “Researchers in motion”


Work Experience for Graduates at the EU Institutions To give young university graduates a taste of what working for the EU is like, the Institutions organise traineeships or "stages“ each lasting 3-5 months.      

The European Parliament The Council The Commission Court of Justice The Social and Economic Committee The Committee of the Regions

The European Ombudsman

http://europa.eu/epso/working/training_en.htm


Traineeships http://ec.europa.eu/stages/information/application_en.htm#In fotab1

Traineeships for interpreters www.ec.europa.eu/stages/index_en.htm

Traineeships (in general)


Useful Links http://www.actiris.be

http://www.socialsecurity.be

http://www.adg.be

http://www.onem.be

http://www.leforem.be http://www.vdab.be http://www.stepstone.be http://www.emploi.lesoir.be http://www.feb.be http://www.references.be

http://www.brussel.irisnet.be http://www.flanders.be http://www.wallonie.be http://www.dglive.be http://www.eurobrussels.com

http://www.career.be

http://www.jobsinhubs.com

http://www.belgium.be

http://www.jobsinbrussels.com

http://www.diplomatie.be

http://www.brusselsjobs.com

http://www.fiscus.fgov.be


Thank you Dank U Merci Danke Grazie Gracias Obrigado Tack Dzięki σας ευχαριστώ


Questions?

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