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GCC 5  Annual  China  Summit   _________    

Executive Summary  

We  thank  the  following  organizations  and     individuals  for  making  this  conference  possible        

     


Franky Wong  Family;  Dan  Cashdan  Family  

                                                                                 

Global China  Connection  is  a  student-­‐run   organization  dedicated  to  fostering  deep  and   trusting  personal  relationships  among  Chinese   and  non-­‐Chinese  university  students.  

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Conference Summary:     Global  China  Connection’s  Fifth  Annual   China  Summit  took  place  on  the   weekend  of  July  6th  and  7th  at  Peking   University  in  Beijing,  China.  The  theme  of   the  weekend  was  “China’s  Coming  of   Age:  Aspirations  of  the  New   Generation.”  Saturday  consisted  of   expert  panels  on  various  aspects  of   China’s  development,  and  two  keynote   speeches  delivered  by  two  leaders  of  the   US-­‐China  relationship.  On  Sunday,  GCC   members  from  20  different  chapters  met  to  share  their  experiences  leading  university  chapters  and   their  plans  for  the  coming  semester.  GCC  Day  served  as  a  great  opportunity  for  current  members  to   reunite,  and  for  new  members  to  gain  insight  into  the  workings  of  GCC.      

Speakers:  

Paul Haenle,  Director,  Carnegie-­‐Tsinghua  Center  for  Global  Policy     James  McGregor,  Chairman,  Greater  China,  APCO  Worldwide   Zhang  Meng,  doctoral  student,  Beijing  Normal  University   Ellen  Cheng,  Ambassador,  TEDx  China   Yihua  Hu,  Director,  Free  Lunch  Movement     Hsu  Li,  Founder,  Barcamp   Walter  Ge,  Director,  Institute  for  Environment  and  Development  (IED)   Alex  Wang,  Founder,  Youthink  Center   Irene  Shao,  Founder,  Bridging  Education  and  Mobility  (BEAM)   Matthew  Hu,  Chief  Representative,  Prince’s  Charities  Foundation   Su  Yan,  Fellow,  Teach  for  China   Andrea  Pasinetti,  Founder,  Teach  for  China   Zhou  Yanping,  Founder,  Touchdown!   Dr.  Zhiyong  Zhu,  Associate  Professor,  College  of  Educational  Administration,  Beijing  Normal  University   David  Moser,  Academic  Director,  CET  Beijing   Lea  Yu  Former  Editor,  Caixin  Media’s  English  Desk;  Analyst,  Century  Bridge  Capital   Ge  Yang,  Producer,  Caixin  Media   Paul  Mozur,  Journalist,  Wall  Street  Journal   James  Chen,  Founder  and  CEO,  WXSea   Dr.  Chen  Ken,  Former  Director,  WHO  Pacific  Technical  Support   Abe  Sorock,  Director,  ATLAS-­‐China,   Dr.  Shi  Yinhong,  Professor,  International  Relations,  Renmin  University   Dr.  Pang  Zhongying,  Professor,  International  Political  Economy,  Renmin  University   Nick  Szmala,  Digital  Director,  OglivyAction,   Kai  Luckoff,  Founder,  Techrice.com   Justin  Wang,  Founder  and  CEO,  MakerSpace   Ryan  Braley,  Creator,  world's  first  distributed  genetic  algorithm  in  Hadoop      

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Trustee’s Opening  Remarks:   Tyler  Godoff,  trustee  of  GCC,  welcomed  more   than  300  student  leaders  to  the  conference   with  remarks  that  centered  on  how  his  GCC   experience  has  taught  him  what  it  means  to  be   a  global  leader.  From  founding  a  GCC  chapter   at  Vanderbilt  University  to  working  in  one  of   China’s  leading  state-­‐owned  enterprises,  Mr.   Godoff  emphasized  the  impact  his  GCC   experience  has  had  on  his  personal   development  –  “I  realized  that  my  GCC  friends   were  challenging  themselves  through  studying  abroad,  mastering  another  language  and  working  for   leading  foreign  corporations.  I  deeply  respected  my  peers  for  embracing  this  challenge,  and  thus   decided  to  follow  suit.”  Mr.  Godoff  closed  by  noting  that  “to  be  the  type  of  leaders  the  21st  century   needs,  we  need  to  be  comfortable  doing  three  things:  living  abroad,  speaking  another  language  and   befriending  diverse  people”.    

   

Opening Keynote  Speech:  Strengthening  the   U.S.-­‐China  Relationship   Paul  Haenle,  Director  of  the  Carnegie-­‐Tsinghua  Center  for  Global   Policy,  delivered  the  opening  keynote  speech.  Mr.  Haenle  opened   his  keynote  highlighting  the  importance  of  the  relationship   between  the  United  States  and  China,  and  the  value  of  bringing   people  together  who  will  be  future  leaders.  Developing   relationships  from  early  on  has  the  ability  to  powerfully  alter  the   bilateral  dialogue.  This  was  highlighted  by  Mr.  Haenle’s  experience   meeting  and  being  warmly  embraced  by  a  PLA  general  during  a   Chinese  delegation  visit  to  the  Whitehouse.  Years  earlier  Mr.   Haenle  and  this  PLA  general  had  met  through  a  young  leaders   program  hosted  by  the  Committee  on  US-­‐China  Relations.  Mr.   Haenle  noted  that  his  friendship  with  the  general  completely   changed  the  dynamic  of  the  visit.  “I  have  sat  in  many  US-­‐China   meetings,  and  I  can  tell  you  that  they  are  too  scripted.  We  need  both  sides  to  start  a  dialogue  and   listen  to  each  other’s  concerns.  This  is  critical  to  avoid  future  conflict  -­‐  we  need  to  find  real  win-­‐win   cooperation  and  eschew  the  assumption  of  a  zero-­‐sum  game.”    

 

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Social Innovation:  Bearing  the  Yoke  of  Philanthropy   Zhang  Meng,  a  doctoral  student  at  Beijing  Normal   University,  moderated  this  panel,  focusing  on  issues   surrounding  contemporary  Chinese  philanthropy  and   methods  of  involving  young  people  in  philanthropic   endeavors.       Ellen  Cheng,  a  TEDx  ambassador  for  China  opened  the   panel  by  highlighting  the  importance  of  involving  local   people  in  philanthropy  to  achieve  success.  Yihua  Hu,  a   nutritional  advocate  for  rural  schools  and  lawyer,   brought  up  the  case  of  Guo  Meimei,  who  was  involved   in  embezzling  money  from  the  Red  Cross,  and  how  it  had  damaged  the  image  of  NGO’s  in  China.  This   highlights  the  lack  of  laws  governing  NGOs  and  their  operations.     Hsu  Li,  the  founder  of  Barcamp,  and  a  restaurateur,  discussed  the  place  that  young  people  and   students  have  in  philanthropy,  highlighting  the  fact  that  young  people  have  many  ideas,  but  few   resources  to  carry  those  ideas  out.  It’s  important  to  develop  a  strong  organization  in  order  to  be   successful  in  the  field.  Walter  Ge,  Director  of  the  Institute  for  Environment  and  Development,   mentioned  that  young  people  should  work  first  after  graduation,  and  then  get  into  the  philanthropic   field  after  they  have  developed  more  experience.  The  debate  closed  with  Ms.  Cheng  encouraging  the   audience  to  stay  curious,  and  Alex  Wang,  founder of the Youthink  Center,  reminded  the  audience  to   put  whatever  effort  into  their  work  to  succeed.      

Education Inequality:  The  Children  Left  Behind  

Irene Shao,  the  founder  of  Bridging  Education   and  Mobility  (BEAM)  an  educational  focused  non-­‐ profit,  moderated  the  debate.       Matthew  Hu,  the  Chief  Representative  for   Prince’s  Charities  Foundation,  began  the  panel  by   responding  to  a  question  about  education   inequality,  bringing  up  the  example  of  the  Shijia   Hutong  Elementary  School,  which  is  at  currently   full  capacity,  but  still  has  many  people  attempting   to  gain  admission.  Many  people  attempt  to  get  a   Hukou  to  get  their  child  into  the  school.  Su  Yan,  a   fellow  at  Teach  for  China,  sees  these  inequalities  every  day  in  her  classroom,  with  8  classes  in  grade  7,   but  only  3-­‐4  in  grade  9.  Many  students  are  dropping  out  because  they  have  to  work  because  they  have   to  support  their  families.  Andrea  Pasinetti,  founder  of  Teach  for  China,  noted  that  these  patterns  of   inequality  were  reflected  not  just  across  China,  but  also  in  other  education  systems  around  the  world.   80%  of  those  born  in  a  large  city  attend  college  in  China,  while  just  3-­‐5%  of  rural  students  do.       Page | 5


Zhou Yanping,  founder  of  Touchdown!  Consulting  responded  to  the  question  of  how  to  address  the   inherent  inequities  with  the  educational  system,  something  she  sees  “every  day”.  Ms.  Zhou  pointed  to   the  constant  testing  in  the  Chinese  education  system,  and  heavy  homework  load  placed  on  students   since  kindergarten.  In  order  to  succeed,  students  must  devote  time  to  studying,  not  developing  their   own  interests,  as  the  labels  of  “good  student”  and  “bad  student”  can  be  particularly  harmful  to  them   going  forward.    David  Moser,  Academic  Director  at  CET  Beijing,  discussed  the  barriers  facing,  women,   handicapped  and  those  of  a  lower  class.  According  to  Mr.  Moser,  “legal  frameworks  are  in  place,  but   the  barrier  is  often  the  parents  lacking  the  belief  that  a  disabled  child  deserves  education”.  Ms.  Yan   further  argued  that  there  is  a  lack  of  “role  models”  for  rural  children  to  follow,  and  thus  the  benefits  of   education  remain  unclear.  According  to  Ms.  Su,  “institutionalizing  motivations  and  incentives  to  learn   is  the  biggest  problem  we  face”.       Panelists  all  agreed  that  the  solution  to  the  problem  would  be  complicated.  Ms.  Shao  emphasized   change  stemming  from  the  classroom  rather  than  outside  the  system.  Mr.  Pasinetti  closed  by  saying   that  “education  often  lurches  from  silver  bullet  to  silver  bullet”.  There  are  no  perfect  solutions,  but   over  the  next  20-­‐50  years,  China  will  be  one  of  the  few  countries  that  can  eradicate  educational   inequalities.      

Afternoon  Keynote:  Where  is  China  Going  Now?  

James McGregor,  Chairman,  Greater  China,  APCO  Worldwide,   welcomed  attendees  back  from  lunch,  and  gave  an  overview  of  his   experience  in  China,  beginning  as  a  reporter  with  the  Wall  Street   Journal  in  Beijing  in  1989.  Mr.  McGregor  delved  into  changes  he   foresaw  coming  to  China  in  the  near  future,  as  he  sees  the  model   of  the  past  20-­‐25  years  outliving  its  usefulness.  A  new  model  must   be  created,  and  China  is  already  more  welcoming  to  entrepreneurs,   with  decreasing  emphasis  on  State  Owned  Enterprises.  “Young   people  are  the  scariest  people  in  China,”  as  boredom  and   unemployment  will  lead  to  people  challenging  the  system,   rendering  it  unsustainable.  On  the  US-­‐China  relationship,  Mr.   McGregor  said  “these  are  two  countries  that  really  don’t  have  a   problem  with  each  other,  our  politicians  do,  but  that’s  because  they’re  in  their  own  systems.”  Mr.   McGregor  closed  his  speech  with  an  anecdote  to  the  progress  that  China  has  made  over  the  past   decades;  “it  used  to  be  that  I  couldn’t  identify  with  most  Chinese  people  because  although  we  weren’t   rich,  we  had  a  driver  and  lived  in  a  foreign  compound,  nowadays,  I  can’t  afford  to  hang  out  with  my   Chinese  friends.”      

     

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Social Media:  A  Transformative  Voice   Lea  Yu  former  editor  of  Caixin  Media’s  English  desk,  and   organizer  of  the  Young  China  Watchers  speaker  series,   moderated  the  panel,  which  focused  on  recent  trends   that  are  emerging  in  Chinese  social  media.       Ge  Yang,  a  TV  producer  at  Caixin  Media,  opened  the   panel  by  discussing  the  power  of  social  media  to  expose   scandals  and  government  corruption.  Paul  Mozur,  a   writer  for  the  Wall  Street  Journal,  offered  the  example  of   Lei  Zhengfu,  a  Chongqing  party  official  who  had  a  sex   video  go  viral,  unveiling  a  prostitution  ring  and  leading  to   the  purging  of  many  Chongqing  officials.  Mr.  Mozur  also   opined  that  social  media  allows  a  quick  release  of  opinion   without  a  lot  of  required  structural  reform.  James  Chen,  a   WeChat  specialist,  added  that  social  media  doesn’t  count  as  news,  with  only  140  characters  to  express   yourself,  the  traditional  media  still  has  its  place.       Next,  panelists  were  asked  whether  or  not  they  felt  compelled  to  respond  to  public  outcry  on  social   media  sites.  Ms.  Yang  responded  that  she  regularly  checks  Weibo  to  be  up  to  date  on  the  news  and   what  is  happening,  but  that  true  sources  come  from  the  real  world.  Social  media  serves  as  an  effective   network  for  distribution.  Many  sources  that  she  works  with  come  to  the  mainstream  media  to  have   legitimacy  and  transparency.  The  core  values  of  the  media  remain  unchanged,  as  illustrated  by  the   Snowden  case.  People  still  rely  on  traditional  media.  Mr.  Mozur  added  that  if  you  wanted  to  do  a  story   on  what  someone  said  on  Weibo,  a  big  part  was  hunting  down  the  person  who  posted,  and  picking  big   stories  through  social  media  is  always  a  guessing  game.  Many  of  the  stories  that  end  up  on  social   media  are  rumors,  which  require  fact  checking  from  a  news  outlet,  but  the  video  capabilities  have   allowed  greater  dispersion  of  stories.       The  panel  closed  with  discussion  of  data  collection  by  social  media  sites,  which  panelists  noted  as   “varied  and  pervasive”  as  well  as  the  empowering  aspects  of  social  media,  both  as  an  outlet  for  stories   and  as  a  place  to  blow  off  steam.      

Healthcare: The  New  Cooperative  Scheme   Dr.  Chen  Ken,  former  WHO  Director  of  Pacific  Technical   Support,  gave  an  informative  presentation  about  China’s   healthcare  system.  Dr.  Chen  opened  his  presentation  by   comparing  healthcare  in  China  to  other  OECD  countries,   and  advocating  for  a  preventative  system  of  medicine,   rather  than  the  current  curative  system  that  is  common   across  China.  One  of  the  key  barriers  to  a  preventative   healthcare  system  in  China  is  the  low  number  of  general   practitioners,  and  high  out  of  pocket  costs.  When   Page | 7


compared to  the  U.S.  system,  China  lacks  norms  requiring  treatment  regardless  of  an  individual’s   ability  to  pay.  Dr.  Chen  then  presented  maternity  care  and  the  ability  of  specialists  at  the  time  of  birth   as  one  of  the  key  indicators  of  a  successful  health  system,  dramatically  reducing  infant  mortality.  With   few  practitioners  willing  to  live  in  rural  China,  improving  maternity  care  presents  a  large  challenge  to   the  Chinese  health  system.      

International Relations:  Diplomatic  Challenges  for  China   Abe  Sorock,  Director  of  ATLAS-­‐China,  moderated   the  panel  on  international  relations,  which   touched  on  current  events  and  the  future   direction  of  Chinese  diplomacy.     Panelists  first  discussed  the  Edward  Snowden   case,  unanimously  agreeing  that  it  was  critically   important  to  the  U.S.-­‐China  relationship.  The   case  has  challenged  existing  literature  on   international  relations  and  will  be  a  textbook   case  for  how  US-­‐China  and  international  relations   are  dealt  with  in  the  future,  in  our  globalized   world.    

An audience  member  asked  the  panelists  whether  they  felt  that  China  would  become  the  next  US  in   terms  of  world  power.  Dr.  Shi  Yinhong,  Professor  of  International  Relations  at  Renmin  University  very   adamantly  and  passionately  stated  that  if  you  look  at  the  past  2,000  years,  China  has  been  a   superpower  and  is  working  on  regaining  that  status.  Rather  than  emulating  the  US  and  becoming   "Americanized,"  Dr.  Shi  said  that  China  is  developing  its  own,  very  Chinese  manner.  Dr.  Pang   Zhongying,  Professor  of  International  Political  Economy  at  Renmin  University,  said  that  China  is   developing  strengths  and  world  powers  in  different  areas  than  the  US  and  that  both  can  coexist  as   world  powers.  

Chinese Tech  Entrepreneurship:  The  Long  Road  Ahead   Nick  Szmala,  Digital  Director  of  OglivyAction,  promoting  digital  shopper  marketing  in  China,  moderated   the  panel,  focusing  on  entrepreneurial  challenges  and  opportunities  in  contemporary  China.     Panelists  were  first  asked  to  explain  what  triggered  their  entrepreneurial  spirit.  Kai  Luckoff,  founder  of   techrice.com,  suggested  that  potential  entrepreneurs  start  from  something  they  know,  rather  than   “trying  to  become  an  entrepreneur.”  Justin  Wang,  founder  and  CEO  of  MakerSpace,  added  that  a   problem  solving  mindset  was  an  important  trait  for  entrepreneurs.  Ryan  Braley,  who  works  on   describing  human  behavior  through  video  games,  added  “start  with  your  passion,  I  can’t  stress  that   enough.  If  you  have  a  passion,  go  out  and  try  to  better  things.”    

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Next, panelists  were  asked  to  advise  potential  entrepreneurs  on  traits  and  what  they  saw  as  the   pathway  to  success.  One  point  unanimously  agreed  upon  was  not  following  trends.  Mr.  Braley   commented  “as  the  engine  behind  your  company,  you  have  to  be  able  to  care  deeply  and  have  your   business  be  something  that  is  affecting  you.”  Mr.  Wang  emphasized  that  all  entrepreneurs  must  be   trying  to  solve  a  problem,  and  that  if  they  are  doing  something  they  love,  success  is  much  more  likely.   All  panelists  agreed  that  failure  was  inevitable  at  some  point  in  an  entrepreneur’s  career,  but  that   focusing  on  communicating  cohesive  ideas  and  playing  to  one’s  strengths  would  increase  the  chances   of  success.  

GCC Day:   On  Sunday,  members  from  over  20  chapters   assembled  to  discuss  their  GCC  experience.   Representatives  from  NYU,  Tufts,  Dartmouth,   Emory  and  Western  Ontario  were  among  the   participants  who  shared  their  chapter  management   experience.  In  addition  to  current  members,  GCC   Alumni  and  a  host  of  Beijing  young  professionals   spoke  about  life  after  university  and  how  to  make   the  transition  to  living  and  working  abroad.  The   Summit  was  capped  off  with  laughter  as  GCC   alumnus,  Jesse  Appell,  who  is  currently  studying   Chinese  comedy  on  a  Fulbright  Scholarship,   performed  a  stand-­‐up  comedy  routine.     Jesse  Appell,  GCC  Alumnus,  Fulbright  Scholar  

Richard Lessard,  President,  Dartmouth  University  Chapter    

Yihao Li,  Co-­‐President,  Tufts  University  Chapter  

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Conference Organizing  Committee   Merlina  Qiao,  Conference  Manager     Ian  Gulliver,  Author,  Executive  Summary       Cathy  Liu     Celia  Yu   Claudia  Wang   Duke  Xu     Flora  Ding   Florence  Liu   Jerry  Lin   Jingsi  Wang   Joy  Tan   Kevin  Yang   Maggie  Wang     Melva  Lai   Olivia  Ma   Renee  Tsai   Robert  William  Savoy     Stefano  Malfitano   Terence  Song   Thomas  Wu   Tyler  Godoff   Veronica  Yang   Vincent  Zhan


About GCC   The  Organization     Founded   in   2008,   Global   China   Connection   (GCC)   is   a   nonprofit,   nonpartisan   organization   for   university   students   of   all   nationalities   looking   to   engage   China’s   emergence  as  a  global  power.  GCC  connects  future  leaders  from  all  nations  and  assists   them   in   developing   the   skills   and   friendships   necessary   to   succeed   both   in   China   and   internationally.  Whether  attending  events,  hosting  delegations,  writing  research  papers,   or   having   a   heated   discussion   over   coffee,   every   interaction   between   our   members   connects  China  and  the  world,  building  a  network  of  leaders  who  will  shape  the  future.   Our  Mission     Global  China  Connection  is  a  student-­‐run  organization  dedicated  to  fostering  deep  and   trusting  personal  relationships  among  Chinese  and  non-­‐Chinese  university  students.   Chapter  Network  

2013 GCC China Summit Executive Summary  

Global China Connection's 5th Annual China Summit was held on July 6-7, 2013.