BEYOND THE MOUNTAINS Volume 1, Issue 1
Food for the Thought:
AN ESCAPADE TO AETA’S PARADISE
Our identity will never define our future. In every endeavor, We can find ways and will to overcome it all. One thing is just different within Filipinos, it is not about the identity; thus only the islands that separates us. Inside this Issue History and Life Backgrounds The People of Courage Artistic Life of Aeta Cultural Tribe
September 10, 2018
hilippines are rich in culture. From the 7,107 islands of the archipelago, within lies the bountiful living of indigenous tribes enriching the culture of the country. The nature carries the treasure, as people cultivates the history. There are different tribes in the country marking it the very artistic and unique culture of the people. Several tribes are still witnessing the spirit of manifestation, some are already influence by modernization. Even so, Filipinos remained resilient in developing their own treasure and story beyond the mountains
The stigma on people’s life status are still existing. The truth behind the faces of our dear indigenous brothers are a façade of hope and dreams. From the moment we enjoy the lights of the city, we can rarely notice the flaring furnace that signifies peace. From every upbeat music and dance of millennials, we can neglect the significance of the cultural one. After so many decades, the Filipinos innovate new learning and advancement. Because of the will to meet the global competencies, we’re able to missed the beauty of every Aeta.
The legendary people on their majestic clothes
The only way to witness the beauty of Aetas paradise is not difficult as eating fire. We just have to open our hearts and minds to further understand, love and appreciate the culture of our legends.
Secondary Story Headline
The smile like nature, the hope for the future
BEYOND THE MOUNTAINS
was on the public market with my 7-year old sibling Mika when someone from behind poked her and asked for food or money. My sister got scared, she immediately hid at my back and said “Ate natatakot ako!” “Bakit?” I answered “Bakit maitim siya Ate?
Bakit ganyan buhok niya?” she replied “Don’t be scared Mika they’re Negritos. Just like us they are humans too it’s just that they have a different way of speaking, dressing and above all way of living.” I handed a 20 peso bill to the negrito and promised my sister to tell her more about these people right after we arrive at home. “Aeta” you might
have heard this word numerous times, at school when you tease your friend if he is a kinky haired, dark, individual or even on the streets when you see someone with the same features beg for food or money. For years we know how to call them and how to use their name but the question is what “aeta” is?
Where did they come from? “Aeta” or “Agta” are indigenous group of people who lives in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of Luzon. These people are called Negritos. Usually characterized as dark-skinned people whose skin tones range from dark to very dark brown and has a small stature, kinky, afro-like
hair with a naturally lighter hair color known as “blondism”, small nose and dark brown eyes. Negritos in the Philippines are AustraloMalenisians who are believed to be descendants of the original inhabitants of the Philippines which arrived through land bridges that linked the country with the Asian mainland about 30,000
years ago. Unlike any other tribes, the Aetas has always been resistant to change. The Spaniards attempt to settle them in reservations during the Spanish rule, failed. Aetas, considered to be the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines following the Austronesian migrations, are nomadic which means that they build only temporary
shelters out of sticks and banana leaves for they are to leave one place after the other. Modernized aetas on the other hand, moved to villages and areas of cleared mountains. They live in houses made out of bamboo. The life expectancy of this indigenous group is only 16.5 years with only a third of children can survive to adulthood at 15 years wherein point life expectancy is still only 27.3 years. Their language is adapted to those from their Austronesian Filipino neighbors which over the time diverged to be differ-
ent languages. Aetas believe in a supreme being who they believe rules over lesser spirits or deities. They are animists. They believe that good and evil spirits inhabit everything around them such as the sea, river, mountains and others. “Wow ate! We sure have a lot of things to discuss when it comes
to aetas! They are much like us, working in order to earn for money to buy our needs as they are to hunt in order to survive. That’s amazing!” “Indeed Mika! They are much like us that is why they deserve the same respect as we do. So the next time you see a someone like that, try to help them.”
“I learned to give not because I have much But because I know exactly how it feels to have nothing”
Beyond the Mountains, MEN AND WOMEN FOR OTHERS
"Pag dating ko dito, saka ko nalaman na ang pera mo pala ang magbibigay ng halaga sa pagkatao mo"
â€œFrom my tribe I take nothing, I am the maker of my own fortuneâ€? - Tecumseh
t is a dream for almost everyone to wear the "Sablay" of the University of the Philippines. For some, the 'Sablay' is just a loose garment, a tradition that has long lived. But for some who thought that they are incapable of having it, only means the biggest victory in their lives when achieved so. Norman King, an Aeta born in the foot of Mount Pinatubo in 1988, did not expect that he will make history. Norman was raised in an impecunious family. Being the eldest of seven kids, he had to leave school after graduating highschool and suffer the reality of life. In his workplace, he experienced discrimination because of his physical appearance and his cultural identity. "Maitim at baluga" those were always the words that Norman heard whenever he encountered people. He was also The inspiration of Aeta with discriminated because of Cultural Identity, that soaring dreams for change and breakthrough. being an Aeta. His father decided to send him to Manila to work as a computer technician. As the time passed, the discrimination intensified. It was never a choice for Norman to study the prestigious school- University of the Philippines. It was a blessing in disguise for his father when he went to a gathering to speak about Disaster Risk Management. It was the start of Norman's life changing events when a guest offered his father a Scholarship in UP Manila. The journey was never easy for Norman. It was in Manila where he realized that money was everything; "Pag dating ko dito, saka ko nalaman na ang pera mo pala ang magbibigay ng halaga sa pagkatao mo" these were the words of Norman. It was never an easy ride for him, but he believed he can erradicate all the adversities in life, and he did. And atlast, Norman King became the first ever Aeta to graduate from University of the Philippines and wore the 'Sablay'. His mother has a big impact in life. Just like any other kids, Culture shock was present. It was as the start of his study in UP when Norman felt the need to became one, to belong with his new environment. He once decided to change himself to be one with his environment. But Warlita King, his mother, always told him to be true about himself. "Kapag natanggap mo na kung sino ka, malayo ang mararating mo" these were the words imparted by Warlita to his son. And these words became the inspiration of Norman to succeed in his life. At present, the life of Norman and his mother, can be seen in the Advocacy Campaign of Safeguard "Pabaon". It feautures the life changing lessons that mold the success of Norman in his life. The success that led him in making history , forever changing the perspective of people in the Indigenous people, Aetas.
Thy Arts Agta women weave baskets and sleeping mats, and men make many types of fine arrow. Permanent body decorations consist of designed scarring on the back (and sometimes the chest) and teeth filing. Their traditional music consists of singing solos, using a three-tone scale, and the use of three types of simple musical instruments: a simple stringed instrument, a bamboo Jew's harp, and hunting bows, which they sometimes strum. They have no custom of dancing.
Traditional Agta houses are built in clusters and made from indigenous materials such as bamboo, wood, talahib (cogon), coconut leaves, and abaca bark. Agtas as young as 14 marry the partner chosen by their parents. Hunting is their main means of subsistence. They use pointed sticks called galud to kill birds, wild deer, monkeys, and wild pigs. Agtas exchange part of the meat and some forest products for starchy food and other goods with nearby farmers. Their other traditional means of livelihood are farming and fishing. Today, however, many Agtas take on seasonal jobs, such as copra and charcoal making, and gold panning.
CULTURAL TRIBE Aeta’s are known to be semi-nomadic. Society that rely primarily or exclusively on hunting wild animals, fishing, and gathering wild fruits. People shifted to pastoral society due to the following: Scarcity of animals to hunt People learned to herd People wanted to find new ways to survive Animals are domesticated.
Meanwhile, Aeta’s developed in agriculture. It is often defined as a means of food production in which vegetation is cultivated using rudimentary tools and without permanently cultivated fields. People shifted to agriculture due to: They wanted a more settled lifestyle than those in the other nomadic societies because they live permanently near the land that they farm.
A nomadic group of people who travel with a herd of domesticated animals, which they rely on for food. People shifted to horticultural society due to: They needed a more stationary location since herding requires more energy and effort to herd that’s why they started domesticating plants and made use of crops and plants for food.
Religious Belief from the Black People are Animistic by beliefs. They worship their nature and anitos. In several gathering they perform rituals to honor their provider and creator. A simple gathering makes the tribe united. There are four manifestations of thee “great creator” who rules the world: Tigbalog is the source of life and action; Lueve takes care of production and growth; Amas moves people to pity, love, unity, and peace of heart; while Binangewan is responsible for
change, sickness, and death.
Gutugutunakkan– the Supreme Being and Great Creator who have four manifestation namely, Tigbalog, Lueve, Amas and Binangewan.
Kedes– The god og the hunt.
Pawi– The god of the forest.
Sedsed– The god of the
sea. There is no special occasion is needed for the Aeta to pray, but there is a clear link between prayer and economic activities. The Aeta dance before and after a pig hunt. The night before Aeta women gather shellfish, they perform a dance which is partly an apology to the fish and partly a charm to ensure the catch. Similarly, the men old a bee dance before and after the expeditions for honey
Volume 1, Issue 1
Volume 1, Issue 1
s of now, it is really evident that Aetas are still diverse from the common society. They tend to live with their own lives while establishing their own environment. This diversity may somehow be positive or negative. Positive because they are doing every possible action to make sure that they enrich their culture and traditions but it can also be negative because they are quite limited in what the world really offers since they tend to focus on themselves more. At the same time, it really saddens us that the Aetas are not given the equal importance which created a boundary between them and common people. Nevertheless, Aetas are doing their best to be noticed in the society, to tell us that they are also worthy of being given equal importance.
Hello Effies! This is our official magazine to voice out our thoughts and serve as the instrument for our advocacies. We sure hope that youâ€™ll read, like, love and share our first issue. Thank you and God bless! -Sayat, Sionicio, Tabagan, Togano
The smile like nature, the hope for the future