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THE MAGAZINE FOR THE FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

INDUSTRY 4.0

Bosch

Rexroth WHY INDUSTRY 4.0 IS AN EVOLUTION, NOT A REVOLUTION

F OF ICI TH AL P EI U B N SU DU LIC M STR ATI M IT Y 4 ON .0

Sherry

WE SPEAK TO GE DIGITAL’S CHIEF COMMERCIAL OFFICER AHEAD OF THE INDUSTRY 4.0 SUMMIT

OF

Deborah


ponsor Headline S Summit .0 Industr y 4

er Manchest March ary to 1st ru b 28th Fe stand H10 visit us at d n a e m o C

Discover a new level of flexible engineering for your company with Bosch Rexroth Industry 4.0 solutions. Providing software tools and apps to support workflows, functional tool kits to simplify processes and open standards for future proof Industry 4.0 automation. Bosch Rexroth have developed a useful guide to gradual adaption with a three step approach for Industry 4.0. To download a full copy, A practical roadmap for the implementation of Industry 4.0, visit bit.ly/Industry40WP

Bosch Rexroth Ltd boschrexroth.co.uk/industry4.0 0345 604 4106


CONTENTS

8 WHY INDUSTRY 4.0 IS AN

EVOLUTION, NOT A REVOLUTION Bosch Rexroth talk about their theory behind Industry 4.0.

10 INTERVIEW: DEBORAH SHERRY, GE DIGITAL

Industry 4.0 talks to GE Digital’s Chief Commercial Officer to garner her thoughts ahead of the 2nd Industry 4.0 Summit.

13 INDUSTRY 4.0: THE FUTURE OF SMART MANUFACTURING What is Industry 4.0 all about?

16 IN THE VANGUARD

OF THE REVOLUTION: THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS (IIOT) Smart production begins with smart choices.

18 INTERVIEW: MATT HANCOCK MP, UK DIGITAL MINISTER The UK’s Digital Minister offers his views on how the country is embracing the 4th Industrial Revolution.


21 IOT PLATFORMS CAN EXPOSE THE DATA NEEDED TO AUGMENT REALITIES AND GENERATE REAL VALUE FOR INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES Direct cloud connectivity helps businesses achieve better performance, security and availability compared to connecting over the open internet.

25 VIDEO: PROTO LABS

MANUFACURING PLANT We take a look at Proto labs manufacturing plant. proto labs are associate sponsors of the industry 4.0 summit and will be showcasing their technology in manchester on feburary 28th and 1st march 2018.

26 SIEMENS RECENTLY

ANNOUNCED ITS COLLABORATION WITH BRIDG Siemens will provide its product lifecycle management (PLM) software portfolio to enable BRIDG’s R&D.

27 INDUSTRY 4.0 IS ALL

ABOUT COOPERATION AND COMMUNICATION The Industrial Internet Consortium and Plattform Industrie 4.0 recently published a joint white paper, Architecture Alignment and Interoperability.


INTRODUCTION

The event organisers after the end of the inaugural Industry 4.0 Summit

PLAY UP! PLAY UP! AND PLAY THE GAME! GET DIGITAL OR DISAPPEAR! There has never been a more exciting time to be in the business of technology. We are proud to announce the launch of the Industry 4.0 magazine and mobile app at the UK’s leading event for the 4th industrial revolution - The Industry 4.0 Summit and Factories of The Future Expo. Matt Hancock, the UK’s government’s Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, recently stated “Revolutionary new

technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and big data heralded by the fourth industrial revolution will be “bigger than Brexit”, and will transform our lives over the course of the next decade”. We launched the Summit 2 years ago – at a time when the UK Government had started endorsing the need for the adaptation of new technologies in British manufacturing to retain our status as a global economic power.


We have seen a number of small British innovators create game changing technologies for Industry 4.0. For Britain to regain it’s rightful place as an innovator it has never been more crucial for us to adapt new technologies or become laggards. Industry 4.0 will be a monthly magazine available in digital format. Our intention is to deliver exciting updates on new technologies and provide insights from those companies making the big decisions on implementing digital technologies. We will cover all areas of Industry 4.0 – namely Automation, IIoT, Robotics, Big Data, Cloud Computing, Cybersecurity and many more fast evolving technologies.

on your next business meeting. We will not bombard you with adverts, and the magazine is free for the first 6 months. We sincerely hope that by bringing people together for the summit and through publishing articles and interviews in this new magazine we will be able to contribute to the advancement of the 4th Industrial Revolution in the UK. Never before has Henry Newbolt’s famous dictum been more relevant to British Business It is time to “Play up! play up! and play the game!” Gary Gilmour | Managing Director GB Media & Events.

Industry 4.0 is designed so that you can read it in under 10 minutes, whilst on a train, or waiting

GET YOUR FREE COPY TODAY. SEARCH INDUSTRY 4.0 MAGAZINE

DOWNLOAD OUR FREE APP. STAY UP TO DATE WITH INDUSTRY NEWS AND RECEIVE OUR MONTHLY MAGAZINE. FREE FOR 6 MONTHS.


WHY INDUSTRY 4.0 IS AN EVOLUTION, NOT A REVOLUTION THE DIFFICULTY LIES IN THE UK’S UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT INDUSTRY 4.0 ACTUALLY IS. The phrase “Industry 4.0” has proliferated across trade, business and national press in recent years, and is largely hailed as the next industrial “revolution”. However, in the UK Industry 4.0 hasn’t been embraced as widely and as quickly in comparison to our European counterparts. Andrew Minturn, Business Development and Strategic Product Manager at Bosch Rexroth explores the barriers to implementation and offers practical advice on how best to approach Industry 4.0. There is currently a general understanding that Industry 4.0 refers to the “digitalisation” of a business’s infrastructure, but there has yet to be any consistent standards or definitions applied to what remains an arguably vague concept for businesses worldwide.

serious debate, with many arguing that it is not a “revolution”, but a logical evolution from the implementation of electronics-led automation, which largely defined the third industrial revolution.

Yet, what is becoming clear is that Industry 4.0 will fundamentally define how a country such as the UK does business within the next five to ten years. The difficulty lies in the UK’s understanding of what Industry 4.0 actually is. Even its epithet – the Fourth Industrial Revolution – is provoking

Governments around the world are creating strategies and policies to encourage the adoption of digitalised manufacturing, from the USA’s Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, to Germany’s High-Tech Strategy 2020 Action Plan. The real indicator of Industry 4.0 success, however, is the rate at which individual

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All manufacturing companies, whether large or small, are under constant pressure from their customers for their products to be better quality, lower cost and available quicker. Industry 4.0 should be seen by manufacturers as an umbrella term for a toolkit of available technology to enable them to deliver these customer requirements.

BARRIERS TO INDUSTRY 4.0 IMPLEMENTATION


companies embrace a digital, software-based framework as part of their own strategy. Despite the excitement and increased media coverage, this is progressing more slowly than hoped – especially in the UK.

“THE BIG BANG” The media hype around Industry 4.0 has certainly helped to disseminate the message across UK industry, but this has also created a sense of urgency and panic. It has also had the somewhat unintended effect of an all-or-nothing mentality among businesses, particularly SMEs. A complete digital overhaul, no matter the size of the business, is an enormous task that would prove difficult for even the most resourced businesses to undertake. It is vital that businesses understand such an approach is unnecessary, and may actually be hampering any possibility of moving forward with an Industry 4.0 strategy.

SCALABILITY A concern for many will be the feasibility of scaling digital technologies to match that of their current operations. The suitability of one’s manufacturing environment to Industry 4.0 will certainly vary from business to business, but many manufacturers remain unaware that a range of technologies exist to support the digitalisation of their infrastructure, without the need to replace existing equipment.

THE COST OF IMPLEMENTATION Whether the business holds an “all-or-nothing” or “one-size-fits-all” mentality, cost will remain a primary concern. While several reports have highlighted a willingness in industry to invest, there remain some doubts over the affordability of certain Industry 4.0-based technologies, as well as the cost of training and/or hiring staff. Furthermore there is currently limited data available to demonstrate the return on investment of Industry 4.0.

READINESS It is important to remember that Industry 4.0 does not just refer to technologies within automation, cloud or Edge computing and data sharing. It also encapsulates organisational restructuring – moving from a physical to a digital infrastructure within a more collaborative, data-reliant environment. This, therefore, requires each employee at an individual level to change his mindset and adopt one that is, not only open to change, but open to the concepts that Industry 4.0 embodies.

STEP-BY-STEP APPROACH The best way to implement Industry 4.0 is through a gradual process. This means prioritising the areas in which digitalisation would offer the most benefit, such as improving productivity or levels of quality and consistency. A step-by-step approach is arguably the best way to implement and adopt digital manufacturing, enabling businesses to expand Industry 4.0 capabilities by building on its initial digitalised capabilities. The advantage being that the solid foundations of technology, infrastructure and skills can be laid, facilitating the final move into the so-called “Factory of the Future”. As a useful guide to gradual adoption the following three-step approach for Industry 4.0 integration can be used: 1. The implementation of sensors and controls; 2. Enhancing the capabilities of these sensors; 3. Full implementation, in which Industry 4.0 capabilities are rolled out at plant- level. For more information come and see Bosch Rexroth at the Factories Of The Future Expo stand number H10.

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KEYNOTE SPEAKER INTERVIEW: DEBORAH SHERRY WE CAUGHT UP RECENTLY WITH DEBORAH SHERRY, SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT AND CHIEF COMMERCIAL OFFICER AT GE DIGITAL EUROPE. ONE OF THE KEYNOTE SPEAKERS AT INDUSTRY 4.0 SUMMIT 2018. PLEASE COULD YOU BRIEFLY OUTLINE YOUR INDUSTRY 4.0 VISION? “Industry 4.0 is an important building block in the transformation of heavy industry but we believe that the biggest opportunity is in harnessing the potential of the Industrial Internet. While Industry 4.0 focuses mainly on how AI, robotics, cloud technology and automation can be used to optimise operations across factories and their supply chains, the Industrial Internet stretches well beyond manufacturing. It encompasses everything that is connected through digital technology – from sensors and devices, through to machines, networks, analytics and people. The Industrial Internet connects Industry 4.0 to the customer and the full life-cycle of the industrial assets that manufacturers create. PAGE

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“The Industrial Internet has the potential to help businesses extract valuable insights from assets to transform operations and drive productivity while enabling innovation and opening up new business models. This can create huge opportunities for economic growth. Conservative estimates suggest the Industrial Internet market is about £173


“Industry 4.0 is an important building block in the transformation of heavy industry” billion globally, compared to the consumer Internet, which is valued at £131 billion.”

COULD YOU EXPLAIN WHICH OF YOUR PRODUCTS/SERVICES RELATE AND HOW? “GE Digital offers a range of industrial apps based on Predix, the world’s first and only open platform built exclusively for the Industrial Internet. The platform helps manage and implement the most meaningful statistical analysis, data mining, and retrieval processes for Big Data to help identify key insights and trends that boost productivity. The platform facilitates ‘Digital Twins’ of operating assets that can then be manipulated in order to boost productivity. GE has created 800,000 Digital Twins of these industrial assets to date. “By manipulating these Digital Twins using powerful application suites such as APM (Asset Performance Management), FSM (Field Service Management) as well as Brilliant Manufacturing, GE is enabling the most aggressive advancement in customer innovation, productivity, and operations optimisation seen in industry for decades. “Using these applications, GE Digital

monitors gas turbines, compressors, oil platforms, wind farms, jet engines and other assets located all over the world. “Thanks to this predictive software that tracks the performance of industrial machines located hundreds of miles away, the company helps its customers save up millions of potential savings over the lifetime of their assets.”

IF 4.0 IS LARGELY ABOUT EFFICIENCY AND IRONING OUT OTHERWISE MANUAL OPERATIONS THROUGH AUTOMATION, WHAT DO YOU SEE AS THE BEST WAY TO ACHIEVE THIS? “Industrial Internet solutions could bring greater efficiency to key UK sectors, translating into real growth. By connecting machines and making them smarter through data and predictive analytics, manufacturers can become more efficient and productive. Digitising operations and using data more intelligently enables manufacturers to make precise, real-time decisions through data-driven insights. This approach could enable them to link design, engineering, manufacturing, supply chain,

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distribution and services into one globally scalable intelligent system that can quickly adapt to the needs of the business to respond to external market pressures and internal imperatives. “For example, GE is partnering with Bosch at its Homburg plant in Germany to improve the efficiency of the factory by a forecast 20%. By predicting downtime on one of the plants’ machines (a hydraulic test bench), Bosch is able to optimise maintenance schedules and maximise output.”

WHAT IS YOUR MAIN CONTRIBUTION? “GE is leading the way in the Industrial Internet. This is demonstrated by our deep industrial expertise, growing partner ecosystem, as well as the rapid pace of our own Digital Transformation. “By harnessing the power of the Industrial Internet, GE achieved $730 million savings from in productivity gains in 2016 and is on track to deliver $1bn savings across its global network by 2020. “We are using this experiences to help our partners and customers achieve similar, if not more significant results and most importantly we help them transform their business to remain competitive in today’s rapidly changing marketplace.”

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TIMES AND MANUFACTURING METHODS/REQUIREMENTS CHANGE CONSTANTLY. HOW CAN WE ADAPT TO THESE CHANGES EFFICIENTLY AND COMPREHENSIBLY? “To be able to respond to the dynamic changes in their market environment, manufacturers need to build agile ecosystems of digital technology which allow them to quickly make changes to processes across their value chain. “At GE we believe it is important to start small and scale quickly. Our digital operating system Predix is built exactly on this principle. By leveraging a cloud platform that allows manufacturers to build new industrial applications quickly these technologies enable organisations to drive innovation and adapt to changes in manufacturing standards and requirements quickly.”

WHAT DO YOU SEE AS THE ROLE OF THE INDUSTRY 4.0 SUMMIT AND ITS VALUE? “Digital Transformation starts with CEO commitment, and partnership between visionary CIOs and COOs who don’t just want to manage costs, but contribute to creating value for their companies. Industry 4.0 Summit can help bridge the gap between business owners and leaders in Industry 4.0 to help change the way products are manufactured in the future.”


INDUSTRY 4.0: THE FUTURE OF SMART MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY 4.0 IS JUST A CATCHY PHRASE WHICH TELLS US, THAT FOR MANUFACTURING TIME TO CHANGE HAS FINALLY COME. In the recent decade we could observe a nearly complete digitalization of almost all aspects of our daily life. Affordable personal computers were a solid foundation of that process, however the change in the way we live today was significantly accelerated by another device – the smartphone. The ability to be continuously connected to the internet from any part of the world allowed us to reach across the globe faster than ever in a convenient and effortless manner. Digital communication and services are nowadays taken for granted and it seems difficult to imagine how could life possibly look

without them. This disruption forever changed not only us but also enterprises which needed to adjust their business models to the rapidly changing world. The new reality generated many new opportunities, never known before, but also sieved the losers. In all this pacing race of technologies some industries stayed a little bit aside, one such example being the manufacturing sector which was truly lagging. Manufacturing industries were always more traditional. Reliability, safety and standardization were priority, therefore innovation and disruption did not take place here too often. Automatization, which was industries last revolution, left us with efficient high volume production system. The current tendency for product customization and high variability coming from demand oriented, flexible production showed that our present way of looking at manufacturing might not be enough and we need to make another leap to match growing expectations. Industry 4.0 is just a catchy phrase which tells us, that for manufacturing time to change has finally come.

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WHAT IS INDUSTRY 4.0 ALL ABOUT? If to be answered with one word, it would be about connectivity. Of course there is more into that but connecting industrial machinery to each other and to the cloud is one of the main pillars of industry 4.0. Information will flow with a broad stream from factories to the cloud. There, data will be appropriately clustered by various algorithms and finally processed to obtain synthetic and useful information that might be of interest to many. On one side, users will obtain great insight into their manufacturing systems, knowing how orders of their customers are being processed, what is lagging, what is lacking, what is the health condition of their machines and what are the upcoming actions to be taken in order to keep things going smoothly. A complete set of information about the state of a manufacturing system will certainly improve communication along the supply chain by going beyond what is possible with currently available Supply Chain Management Systems (SCMS). Another added value of industry 4.0 is that machine builders will also be able to access information about how their hardware is being used, what often is currently missing. Collected reliability data will be a motor for improvements that will surely extend lifecycle of the machines. Information of machinery utilization can also

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bring benefits in terms of energy efficiency, as knowing with greater detail and resolution how manufacturing process is managed will allow to implement the application of tailored energysaving strategies. Machines equipped with smart predictive maintenance algorithms will advise in advance both user and machine builder about incoming need for part replacement.

WHERE WILL ALL THIS DATA COME FROM? There are numerous potential sources of data. In modern manufacturing systems there are already thousands of data samples traveling through a closed internal network infrastructure via a number of different industrial communication links. These data samples come from various independent sensors or internal sensors of machines. However, some quantities cannot be simply measured with a sensor or it would be expensive/impractical, an example being reliability or wear. Researchers of the field believe that implementing the so called cyber-physical twin of device may be a solution. The concept is actually quite simple. Each machine will have its virtual, mathematical model that represent the key features, properties and functionalities of the machine. As the real machine performs actions, the digital twin is fed by information coming from the machines


sensors and logic, virtually replicating its actions. Well aligned twin can reveal, through the state variables of the internal mathematical model, desired but practically unmeasurable quantities.

STRAIGHT TO THE CLOUD The goal of industry 4.0 is to redirect parts of these data streams through an internet gateway straight to the cloud (with obvious security protocols and respecting privacy rules), where they will be elaborated by some powerful big data algorithms. Not only whole manufacturing systems are a good source of information – any standalone machine, device or sensor can be directly connected to its cloud storage, forming the so called Internet of Things (IoT). We estimate the size of IoT will grow to around 20-30 billion devices by the year 2020. Such architecture is very flexible as it can benefit not only from highly concentrated networks of manufacturing systems but also in industries with distributed resources, such as farming.

HUMAN-CENTRIC MANUFACTURING Reading about industry 4.0 one can think that in the fully automatized and smart manufacturing of the future, human being has been completely removed from the equation. Nothing could be further from the truth. Demand for mass customization will leave far behind soulless production lines making millions of copies of identical products. Human, with its excellent physical agility and unprecedented perception and decision making skills is going to be one of the key element of the next generation of manufacturing systems. Operators will work hand in hand with machines, sharing their physical space with robotic arms. In order for this cooperation to be successful it will be essential to exchange information between humans and machines. The operator himself can be considered a beacon of information, passing his synthetic yet elaborate commands and feedback to the cloud.

INDUSTRY 4.0 AND THIN CLIENTS This sort of communication requires a flexible interface and one great example are HMI panels run with a thin client. These lightweight, cost efficient and yet functional devices allow user to pass their communication through a touch panel to a server and quickly receiving feedback from it. User can send commands, failure reports or anomalous behavior, request for assistance or ask for instructions or technical documentation required to smoothly complete his tasks. Analyzing cloud stored history of his requests may be used to improve his working environment and personalize given tasks. In the light of what the industry 4.0 is becoming, smart devices play an important role inside factories. As a matter of fact, the number of smart devices needed from factories is increasing as they need to face challenges like minimizing downtime, reducing maintenance and management costs, as well as ensuring reliable and secure systems. Challenges that can be easily overcome by choosing reliable thin clients, which can help the IT management in improving overall company performances. Furthermore, other important advantages that thin clients can provide to factories we can find in their simplicity of use: they are really easy to set up, configure, as well as to manage, characteristics that are becoming more and more important in factories nowadays. But benefits of these devices go far beyond this. Inside factories, in many cases devices are used in extreme environments or in really dusty ones, conditions in which PCs would be less performant, but in which thin clients fans will not be blocked, as long term hardware. Last but not least, if used with the automatic configuration, thin clients can also assure business continuity of the machine in case of need. Author: Jeremi WĂłjcicki, Engineer & Researcher. PhD programme at the Mechanical Department of Polytechnic of Milan.

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IN THE VANGUARD OF THE REVOLUTION: THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS (IIOT) SMART PRODUCTION BEGINS WITH SMART CHOICES. Industrial ‘cartographers’ have been charting a course towards efficient automation of communication, monitoring, real-time testing, regulatory compliance, financial interaction, and big data as well as the physical manufacture of the product itself, for many years. Some stand on the brink of change; others are already on the journey. A recent IBM Institute of Business Value report, Thinking out of the toolbox, indicated that executives have come to the realisation that digital data is key to the elimination of guesswork and greater operational understanding. Respondents tended to prioritise digital for “Product quality monitoring and predicting failures” and/or “Manufacturing plant optimization”.

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Among the trends IBM has identified in the ongoing development of the internet of things in industry is the digital twin. Digital twins represent a next step in the world of IIoT. A virtual doppelganger of the real-world thing, the digital twin can help companies bridge the divide between the physical and digital by providing “a looking glass into what’s happening within physical assets”. Number two has been identified as Blockchain, described as a highly secure digital ledger, recording transactions and contractual agreements, visible to all those involved in a business transaction. This is expected to be used to build trust, reduce costs and accelerate transactions. Then comes the ever-important IOT security and SaaS (software as a service), one of the main categories of cloud computing.


Gathering data through sensors and actuators is not new, but the uses of that data (plus analytics and business insight) is what is transforming many industries. Using affordable technology IIoT can reduce costs and improve efficiency in the production line through predictive maintenance, for example. “Industrial IoT is about getting cutting edge technology into the factories and manufacturing supply line processes that brings benefits and efficiencies beyond what can be achieved today,” explains Scott Mordue, IoT Developer Programs, Software & Services Group, Intel Corporation.

communication and learning, and sensors are all part of the industrial internet of things, which is fast becoming the foundation of modern manufacturing systems. Productivity is enhanced by connectivity between real and virtual worlds communicating data in real time to provide real solutions to problems and questions before and as they arise. The revolution may not be televised, but it will be recorded and communicated as it happens.

Accenture, the global management consulting and technology services company, believes the Industrial Internet of Things will transform companies and countries, “opening up a new era of economic growth and competitiveness”. The company envisages a future where the intersection of people, data and intelligent machines will have far-reaching impacts on the productivity, efficiency and operations of industries around the world. Kari Terho, Elisa’s Director, Smart Factory Management, believes that the manufacturing plants, which have not yet started to utilize the IoT/ analytics tools to improve their productivity and quality in all production processes, including inbound and outbound operations, “will struggle and will probably have serious competitive challenges in the future”. Big data, machine-to-machine

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INTERVIEW: MATT HANCOCK MP, UK DIGITAL MINISTER TALKS TO INDUSTRY 4.0 AS BRITAIN TOPS FORBES’ BEST COUNTRIES FOR BUSINESS 2018, THE UK’S DIGITAL MINISTER OFFERS HIS VIEWS ON HOW THE COUNTRY IS EMBRACING THE 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND TAKING ADVANTAGE OF WHAT INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION HAS TO OFFER. WHAT DO YOU SEE AS BRITAIN’S PLACE IN THE EVOLVING 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND HOW CAN THIS COUNTRY STAY AT THE FOREFRONT? “The UK is well-placed to lead on a number of technologies important for the 4th Industrial Revolution, especially on implementation of AI (artificial PAGE

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intelligence)*2. But we really need to follow up on that potential to lead by actually leading, investing in digital infrastructure, skills and promoting adoption in industry. We know we need to increase awareness of and provide incentives for businesses to adopt digital tech, particularly amongst SMEs. The major risk of intelligent automation is not to jobs, but that we fail to adopt these new technologies.


“The same is true for other 4IR technologies such as rapid prototyping and immersive reality but there is an opportunity for companies and sectors that didn’t invest in previous waves of automation and digitisation to adopt the newest technology, using robots to do tedious or repetitive jobs. “In domains that have traditionally used cutting edge technology, aerospace– for example – already supports development and adoption of specific technologies which will define digital industrial revolution – e.g., cobots, where humans work closely with robots as described, additive manufacturing, AI, and VR/ AR (virtual reality/augmented reality). There’s an opportunity to lead in use of 4IR technologies to address problems such as food wastage. Unilever, AB Sugar and other manufacturers lead in application of industrial digitalisation technology to address sustainability within food and drink sector. The UK is seen as global leader in refrigeration monitoring systems via the IoT and in food safety and traceability systems. “We know jobs are likely to change and we’re leading in how make sure we have the right workforce – for school starters today, 65% will do jobs that don’t exist yet. Retraining in digital skills will be provided to workers whose jobs are likely to be displaced. “In addition to this, we have doubled the number of Tier 1 Exceptional talent visas.”

DIGITAL IS KEY, OF COURSE. HOW IS THIS BEING ENCOURAGED IN AN INDUSTRIAL CONTEXT? “The government has a range of initiatives currently in place to support industry to adopt digital technology, e.g. Digital Catapult Centres, ISCF (Industrial Strategy challenge fund), technical education programmes to prepare workforce of

future as skills ongoing concern amongst industry, Ada National College for digital skills, institute of coding, STEM promotion (science, technology, engineering and mathematics), Digital Skills Partnership. “Also announced in Industrial Strategy: AI and Data grand challenge, sector deals, supply chain competitiveness programme, uplift in R&D spending, increase R&D tax credits, retraining scheme early focus on digital and construction. Discussions with industry and government are also taking place to identify how to capitalise on the opportunities highlighted in the Made Smarter Review published earlier this year, such as linking to existing pilots and programmes, and coordinating institutions such as Catapults and research bodies.”

HOW DO YOU SEE YOUR ROLE IN HELPING TO DELIVER THE NEW TECHNOLOGY? “Aside from the telecommunications infrastructure needed to deliver these technologies, we need to strengthen data and digital infrastructure. Our Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation and Data Trusts will facilitate easier, safer and more equitable data sharing. “Data availability is a key enabler, so we need open data where possible and I’m keen that Data Trusts will facilitate sharing where data cannot be made open. But it’s important to push for data being made open where the data is not personal and making it available is in the public interest, as is the case for geospatial data, as mentioned in the budget. “While I believe absolutely in freedom – because a free society is fair society and leads to more innovation and economic growth – that liberty shouldn’t ever impinge on other humans’ rights. It’s important to provide legal certainty and make sure what is legal and illegal online is the same INDUSTRY 4.0 www.industry40summit.com

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as offline. Our Digital Charter is setting out how we make sure UK is best place to be online and open a digital business – which is good for industry leaders and the public alike. Actually providing legal certainty, especially around applications of technology, can enable innovation.”

HOW WILL THE NORTH OF ENGLAND BENEFIT IN PARTICULAR? “In order to be of benefit you need the right people and infrastructure. The creation of Tech Nation which is will regional hubs set up in Manchester, Newcastle, Leeds/ Sheffield is a good start. “There are some excellent centres of innovation in manufacturing – Siemens in Cheshire, for example. There’s already a strong focus on data infrastructure, so having that expertise locally is useful – ODI nodes, for example, but also Data Mill North and Platform in Leeds. The Cityverve Smart City Internet of Things demonstrator in Manchester is another example of a strong centre around 4IR technologies. On the manufacturing side there is also the Advanced Manufacturing & Automation Centre in Blackburn; Edge Hill Uni’s tech hub the CAVE (Computer Augmented Virtual Environment), NW Advanced Manufacturing Research; Sheffield’s HighValue Manufacturing Catapult; Manchester University’s Data Science Institute, which is lead partner in N8 High Performance Computing Centre; and the Virtual Engineering Centre, which is an industry focused impact centre for digital innovation, research and digital skills development.

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“Last month, the British Business Banks announced last month that it would develop a new commercial investment programme to support developing clusters of business angels outside London. This programme will supplement existing programmes to support access to finance outside of London that include the Northern Powerhouse Investment Fund.”

WHAT DO YOU SEE AS THE ROLE OF EVENTS SUCH AS INDUSTRY 4.0 SUMMIT & THE FACTORIES OF THE FUTURE EXPO? “It’s great to see these areas being given the attention they deserve – by getting the right people together to work towards common solutions, things can advance very quickly.”

WHAT IS YOUR VISION? “Quite simply that adopting these new technologies leads to a better future for people across the country.” References 1. Forbes https://www.forbes.com/ sites/kurtbadenhausen/2017/12/19/ the-u-k-tops-forbes-best-countries-for business-2018/#388a11d526de 2. Oxford Insights analysis https://www. oxfordinsights.com/government-ai readiness-index


IOT PLATFORMS CAN EXPOSE THE DATA NEEDED TO AUGMENT REALITIES AND GENERATE REAL VALUE FOR INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

DIRECT CLOUD CONNECTIVITY HELPS BUSINESSES ACHIEVE BETTER PERFORMANCE, SECURITY AND AVAILABILITY COMPARED TO CONNECTING OVER THE OPEN INTERNET. Mike Campbell is the general manager of the ThingWorx business at PTC. The company has recently launch ThingWorx 8 which is a purpose-built platform for the industrial Internet of Things (IoT) that enables you to quickly build and deploy new apps and augmented reality (AR) experiences. The ThingWorx Platform contains specific functionality designed for industrial businesses – such as native industrial

connectivity, anomaly detection and a modelbased development environment. ThingWorx 8 has been designed to make developing and delivering apps and immersive industrial AR experiences at scale easier by using digital twin technology throughout the platform. Since joining PTC in 1995, Campbell has held various positions managing product development, product strategies and entire

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software businesses. Most recently, he served as the executive vice president of ThingWorx Studio responsible for the overall business strategy, and delivery of capabilities that democratise AR in the industrial enterprise, by allowing enterprise content creators and IoT solution builders to quickly and easily create augmented reality experiences.

WHAT NEW FUNCTIONALITY DOES THINGWORX 8 BRING TO THE MARKET? Mike Campbell: ThingWorx 8, which has been shipping since June, brings more than 100 enhancements to customers. I’d single out four major enhancements, the first of which is related to sourcing data. Here, we’ve invested in native integrations with IoT cloud providers to make it easier to connect to an industrial setting. With ThingWorx 8 we’re also enhancing IoT cloud integration. We’ve introduced an Azure IoT Connector which is currently in a Beta version but will be introduced in September. The reason we’ve done with is that with Microsoft infrastructure customers are connecting devices through Azure IoT. This means they can easily connect sources of data to the platform. It’s just one

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more integration in a suite of links so tools like this can work. We already have similar offerings with Amazon Web Services, and work is underway on similar integrations with GE Predix and OSIsoft, purely to make it simpler for users. The second highlight is Industrial connectivity. The ability to seamlessly map what you’re doing using Kepware software to bridge the communication gap between diverse hardware and software applications means that, once the data is in Kepware, the user can go into ThingWorx and pull the data out of Kepware. This functionality can feed anomaly detection which customers are increasingly interested in. They want to be warned if something starts to behave abnormally so the system learns what is normal and ThingWorx can be configured to take some form of action if a threshold is reached. That could involve checking temperature automatically, stopping a machine or presenting an alert to an operator. The next highlight is security which is mandatory to improve at every opportunity. We’ve added improvements to single signon capabilities and the administration of


apps to keep ThingWorx 8 offering high security levels. The fourth enhancement I want to highlight are the improvements to our ThingWorx Studio offering. We’re finding value in augmented reality (AR) all the way across the value chain. The challenge we’re seeing in the market is that this is very difficult. It’s hard to re-use IT and integrate IoT data into augmented experiences.

SIGNIFICANT EMPHASIS IS BEING PLACED ON AUGMENTED REALITY BY PTC, WHERE DO YOU THINK THE MARKET IS IN TERMS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF AR? MC: We are right on the cusp of moving into real scale AR deployments. We’re just now, in the last two quarters, starting to see production deployments. For example, I was in Japan last week and met a heavy equipment manufacturer and was able to close a deal for the deployment of ThingWorx Studio to use if for diagnostic scenarios. The company will use it to present information about diagnostics issues in their machines. This is far from an isolated situation; several dozen customers have made purchases for product deployments already. We have not got our own AR offering from ThingWorx Studio and it’s part of our platform. The big breakthrough in democratising AR content creation has been that you can re-use existing CAD and easily incorporate data from existing sources. This can then seamlessly be exposed in the AR experience. The recent advances in digital eyewear technology are helping to accelerate uptake of augmented reality. There’s an AR kit coming from Apple in OS11 and we think this will further accelerate usage of AR

products. Other vendors such as Epson, Lenovo and ODG all continue to make their AR glasses closer to the traditional Ray-Ban form factor and that will drive usage further still. It is still early days for the market’s development but traction is beginning to be apparent.

WHAT BARRIERS TO THE WIDER SPREAD ADOPTION OF AR IN IOT REMAIN TO BE OVERCOME? MC: In our history we’ve been helping customers create, manufacture and service products, largely by utilising digital content and that’s actually what AR is – digital content communicated in a new way. This means we have a lot of domain expertise to offer and that’s what’s needed to make AR work in industrial IoT. With Vuforia, we’ve got industry leading computer vision technology but that’s not enough because AR suffers from there being a lack of content. The big challenge is with what shall I augment the world? For PTC, though, we have a ton of content. We know about the product and we have rich 3D information from computer aided design (CAD) with which to augment the world. There’s a broad range of use cases, many of which fit right into our industrial sweet sport. AR in the consumer market is more popular but what we’re doing is providing an AR activating platform for industrial customers. Some of the applications are very exciting and address real business pain points for organisations.

YOU MENTIONED THE APPLICATIONS THAT PTC PROVIDES, WHAT DOES THE CONCEPT OF APPS-BASED MANUFACTURING MEAN TO PTC? INDUSTRY 4.0 www.industry40summit.com

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MC: Apps-based manufacturing essentially means the deployment of role-based apps that provide value for manufacturing. The driver behind the apps that are built on the ThingWorx platform is that you can configure them and have them streaming data from your factory in less than an hour. That’s a fast time to value and the apps provide the value on their own.

(IIoT). We are obviously focused on places where you get your fingernails dirty such as factories, the oil and gas industry and the supply chain. We’re committed to these industrial setting and continue to deliver fast and easy functionality. In addition, we’re flexible in terms of how customers can deploy ThingWorx which can be onpremise, in the cloud or a hybrid.

For example, our Plant Manager app enables the overall efficiency of different [production] lines to be monitored or for maintenance engineers to be alerted when they might have issues. We offer a very simple app store and customers can be up and running and collecting information with these apps very rapidly.

Our other strengths are in our ecosystem and market place. Our ecosystem of more than 1,000 ThingWorx customers and more than 250 partners is vibrant and growing and we recognise that’s critical to the development of this market. Data now doesn’t need to come from an agent on the device, it can come from augmented reality and virtual reality – there are many other sources.

It’s important to keep in mind that there are some pretty low hanging fruits to be harvested on a factory floor from these sorts of applications. Remember, they’ve been purpose-built to allow people to get some form of advantage and there are a range of benefits for the constituents who utilise these tools to address specific use cases. We expect to be able to open the minds and inspire them with these applications which will enable them to augment their realities. If you look at the settings where these types of applications are being seen there in deployment at companies such as Hirotec, a tier one automotive supplier, which is using ThingWorx to access data and make better decisions, or at General Electric, to achieve a significant reduction in unplanned downtime because it is able to see when maintenance is needed.

WHAT SETS THINGWORX APART FROM OTHER IOT PLATFORMS? MC: We believe ThingWorx is market leading because it’s purpose-built for industrial IoT PAGE

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We also have our market place which we believe is the best IIoT market place with more than 150 apps and reference apps to help accelerate the process of creating IoT solutions. We have more than 700 customers building apps on the ThingWorx platform.

HOW DO YOU SEE IIOT PLATFORMS WORKING IN GENERAL? MC: The journey begins with sourcing data. The data is everywhere – in clouds, factory machines and other enterprise systems. However, just getting data into a platform isn’t enough, you have to contextualise it in a way that makes sense. You have to organise it into a digital twin so you can be more productive downstream. Once the information is structured we want to begin to get business value out of it. We then think about computational models so we’ve got a flexible, open framework that allows users of our platform to gain


insight and, once we’ve gained that, we want to drive action. We can do this by using a digital map to present information to people clearly and intuitively. The platform should address the need to source data, contextualise it, synthesise and orchestrate data from multiple sources and finally engage the user.

WHAT ARE PTC’S PLANS FOR CONTINUING TO DEVELOP THINGWORX AND ITS OTHER LINES TO BETTER SERVE COMPANIES ENGAGING IN IIOT ACTIVITIES? MC: PTC’s mission revolves around unlocking the value within the data and systems of organisations. We’ve been talking about how IoT and augmented reality fit into this story because we have been driving content from the digital world into the physical word for a long time. IoT is a means to capture information in the

physical world and bring it back into the digital world. This is very key to the broader PTC mission and we’ve invested in our Vuforia and ThingWorx brands to grow our capabilities further. Our IoT strategy is focused on industrial IoT in which we got market in various verticals in partnership with companies such as General Electric, Microsoft and Amazon Web Services. Our software development kit has a dominant market position with 81% of apps using it and, while we feel good about where we are in the market, we’re not slowing down. ThingWorx is no longer just the brand for the PTC IoT platform, with this latest release we’ve introduced new applications and new supporting services such as starter packages and an improved developer zone. There are lots of things being put out into the ecosystem. www.ptc.com

VIDEO: MANUFACTURING TOUR AT PROTO LABS

WE TAKE A LOOK AT PROTO LABS MANUFACTURING PLANT. PROTO LABS ARE ASSOCIATE SPONSORS OF THE INDUSTRY 4.0 SUMMIT AND WILL BE SHOWCASING THEIR TECHNOLOGY IN MANCHESTER ON FEBURARY 28TH AND 1ST MARCH 2018. INDUSTRY 4.0 www.industry40summit.com

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SIEMENS RECENTLY ANNOUNCED ITS COLLABORATION WITH BRIDG SIEMENS WILL PROVIDE ITS PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM) SOFTWARE PORTFOLIO TO ENABLE BRIDG’S R&D. Siemens recently announced its collaboration with BRIDG to stimulate Digital Twin technologies for the semiconductor industry. Siemens will provide its product lifecycle management (PLM) software portfolio to enable BRIDG’s R&D. The partnership will combine expertise to help establish the first Digital Enterprise Solution for semiconductor manufacturing at the BRIDG wafer fabrication facility in Osceola County, Florida. It represents the first ever digital enterprise implementation in the semiconductor industry. BRIDG is focused on the manufacturing development of advanced technologies in smart sensors, imagers, advanced devices and 2.5D/3D chip integration. The BRIDG Digital Enterprise site will feature the complete Siemens’ PLM portfolio, ranging from requirements management, product design, simulation, manufacturing and yield management to product performance analytics. Manufacturers in the semiconductor industry can use this digital enterprise solution to help improve manufacturing throughput, improve PAGE

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product quality and reduce costs. Rob Rudder, vice president, Siemens PLM Software commented, “Siemens is proud to partner with BRIDG and provide our Digital Enterprise Solution to help accelerate innovation in the manufacturing development of advanced technologies in smart sensors.” Siemens’ Digital Enterprise Solutions is intended to help semiconductor manufacturers improve manufacturing throughput, product quality and overall cost-effectiveness across the lifecycle of their products from conception to realisation and utilisation. For example, the use of a single source of configuration data across applications helps teams collaborate more effectively, which can reduce cycle times and improve the overall throughput. The company points out that the simulation of products with a digital twin, prior to actual manufacturing, can help companies eliminate future processing errors and improve their fabrication outputs.


INDUSTRY 4.0 IS ALL ABOUT COOPERATION AND COMMUNICATION.

AS IF TO ILLUSTRATE THE POINT, THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET CONSORTIUM AND PLATTFORM INDUSTRIE 4.0 RECENTLY PUBLISHED A JOINT WHITE PAPER, ARCHITECTURE ALIGNMENT AND INTEROPERABILITY. Industry 4.0 is all about cooperation and communication. As if to illustrate the point, the Industrial Internet Consortium and Plattform Industrie 4.0 recently published a joint white paper, Architecture Alignment and Interoperability. The publication details the mapping and alignment between the industrial internet of things (IIoT) reference architecture models previously released by the two organisations: the Industrial Internet Reference Architecture (IIRA) and the Reference Architecture Model for Industrie 4.0 (RAMI 4.0). The white paper reveals the two reference architectures as being complementary in nature. The IIRA looks at IIoT across industries, stressing cross-industry commonality and interoperability, while RAMI 4.0 focuses on

manufacturing and related value-chain lifecycles. Dr Tanja Rueckert, President IoT & Digital Supply Chain, SAP, commented, “In a connected world with a network of IIoT applications, interoperability and standardization, including the lingua franca of machine2machine communication, is imperative. I am happy to see that our efforts to lead IIoT architectures IIRA and RAMI 4.0 to work in concert have been fruitful.” Thomas Hahn, Chief Software Expert, Siemens AG, Plattform Industrie 4.0 said, “It makes great sense to enable interoperability among IIoT systems that are based on these reference architectures. This white paper is a good first step in that direction.”

INDUSTRY 4.0 www.industry40summit.com

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Industry 4.0  

Industry 4.0 is a monthly magazine looking at exciting new technologies in the area of digital manufacturing and providing insights from tho...

Industry 4.0  

Industry 4.0 is a monthly magazine looking at exciting new technologies in the area of digital manufacturing and providing insights from tho...