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Mrs. S.T. Blackwood


A MANUAl>-Or MARKS

POTTERY AND PORCELAIN A DICTIONARY OF EASY REFERENCE

BY

W. H.

HOOPER AND W.

C.

PHILLIPS

Uontion

MACMILLAN AND AND NEW YORK 1894 All Rights Reserved

CO.


First Edition, 1876; Second Edition, 1877; Reprinted with corrections and additions, 1894.

iZ-]^,

1886;


P

K E F A C E.

THIS edition has been carefully revised and enlarged of many new marks.

by the addition

When

first

issued none of the marks of Japan had At that time information was difficult

been published.

to obtain, and much of it has since been found to be unFranks reliable ; by the kind permission of Sir A.

W.

a large number of marks are now inserted, which will be found to include all the factories of importance.

Being only intended for a pocket-volume, unimportant and unknown marks are left out. For more detailed information, the works of Brongniart, Chaffers, Demmin, Jacquemart (admirably translated by Mrs. Bury Palliser), Marryat, Robinson and others may be

factories

consulted.

The work is divided into four parts in the first, the Marks are classed under descriptive heads, as Anchor, ;

etc. ; in the second Majolica the factories of Italy are arranged alphabetically; in the third, other factories of Europe on the same plan ; and in the fourth, the Oriental Marks are arranged by the number of characters inscribed.

Animal,


PREFACE.

IV

The Marks on Pottery and Porcelain are of three The first factory, workman, and pattern mark.

kinds

usually placed in a prominent position, sometimes accompanied by the mark of the maker or decorator. Sevres Porcelain, for instance, often having four or five The workmen's marks, besides that of the factory. pattern mark is usually a number ; this is seldom given, being useless without a description of the pattern is

itself.

The Marks, when pencilled or incised, vary very considerably ; a different hand, a full brush, or a flaw in the material, all tend to make them unrecognizable ; even when printed they are often blurred by the action of the fire or running of the enamel, and when impressed, a shrinking of the wet clay will change or obliterate them.


Z2STZDE1Z. MARKS. Anchor Animal Arrow Axe .. Beacon Bell

. .

Bird

..

Bow

..

Butterfly

Cadnceiis Circle

. .

Claw

..

Crescent Cross ..

Crown

Dome

.

Dot

..

.

Ermine Fish

.

Bassano Caffagiolo Castel Duranto .

Castelli

Diruta

Faenza Florence Forli

..

Genoa..

.


INDEX.

FACTORIES. r


INDEX. PAGE

Vll


CONTRACTIONS.

The quality of the Ware and the mode maj.

of

marking

is

described in the

first

column,

in the second, as follows

...

.

.

The third column contains the

. .

.

.

:

Incised.

Impressed.

...

Pencilled.

...

Printed.

...

Stencilled.

dates.


Pottery and Porcelain Marks.

ANCHOR CHELSEA

p

imp

P gold or red

iT POPPLES DORF

pot

SCEAUX PEXTIIIEVRE

s

B

p

imp

176-

p blue

175-


Pottery and Porcelain

L

SCEAU.X PKNTHIEVRK

pot

p blue

ITS-

VENICE

h p

p red

1765

Tliis

mark varies much

maj.

p color

17

pot

p blue

1

p red

173

very

44-

COLOGNE

Bow The form and position the swora vary.

a

p

7

of

COALRROOK DALE

h p

p blue

18

DERBY CHELSEA

p

p goK or red

1770


Marks.

CM '

j

VENICE

...

...

s

p

Giovanni Marconi

WORCESTER

Rf

p gold

17-

or color

p color

175-

imp

1793

pr blue

1805

Richard Holdthip, decorator

He

also ivcrked for

Derby

LoNGPORT

pot

ISTONE CHIN

Thus read from imperfect impression of name

CALDAS

CALDAS

pot

imp

pot

imp

pot

pr bluo

Imitation of Palissy Ware

ORTUGAJ.

MlDDLESBOROUGH 20,

20

Pattern mark

imp

18


Pottery and Porcelain.

ANIMAL. SWINTON

h p

p TO*

1824

MEISSEN Near Dresden.

pot

imp

17

HESSE CASSEL

hp

p blue

AMSTERDAM

hp

p blue

1772

FRANKENTHAL

h p

p blue

1754

CHINA

h p

p blue

The Rockingham

<n

!

Ow

old

Crest.

Nankin Ware.

It

M

.

17C3


Marks.

ARROW.

Bow

(?)

PLYMOUTH

...

Also with

PARIS

173-

b p

p blue

17 -

pot

imp

177-

p blue

1773

p

hP

CAUGHLEY

LEEDS

p blue

B

name Hartleij, Green

fy Co.

li

...

p

I)e la Courtille (sometimes called

Torches)

AXE. BADEN BADEN Tftctow Sperl.

h p

p gold or color

1753


Pottery and Porcelain

tffc

BADEN BADEN Widow Sperl

h p

p gold

1753

or color

DELFT De Byl (The Axe)

pot

p blue

I.7C4

Justus Brouwei

BEACON. GENOA

BELL. DELFT De drei

pot Kloklcen.

(The

3 bells)

W. Van dcr Docs

r

This mark varies so is called

much

that

it

Leaf and Arrowhead

p bine

1764


Marks,

BIRD.

AMSTERDAM Hartog and Brandeis.

ANSPACH Sometimes used without the

pet

p color

1780

h p

p blup

1718

letter

>

,

h p

SKVRES 1st

sten

Empire.

Emperor

LlVEUPOOL Liver, the

&

imp

Napoleor. III.

A

1810

p red

Arms

Case, Mort

of the fy Co.

Town.

h p

pr color

1852

pot

p color

1833


Pottery and Porcelain

HAGUE (The) The Arms of.

h p

y blua

177-

p

p blue

173-

BOW. Bow

s

BUTTERFLY. On

CHINESE

old

Nankin

h p

p blue

hp

pblue

1712

p

p blue

1753

maj.

p blue

15

CADUCEUS.

I

DRESDEN This mark WORCESTER

varies very much. s

In imitation of Dresden

CIRCULAR MARKS. FAENZA

And

...

other varieties, without the circle

and

also


Marks. HOCHST Tlie

arms

hp

p gold 1720 or color

pot

p color

of the Archbishop of

Maycnce.

Dahl

1794

&hp

T\

I

DAMM

Aschaferiberg

DELFT TFortuyn Fortune P. Van der Breil

Martinus Gouda

)

FLORENCE The arms

w (B)

Francis

II.

h p

p bine

17

pot

p oiuo

1G91

pot

1675

p

p color 15

niaj.

p color 15

s

of the Medici.

A very

rare mark.

Orazio Fontana Urbino fecit.


Pottery and Porcelain

10

DERBY

COLOGNE

h p

pot

1815

1G-

pot

...

MONTPELLIER Lc Vouland.

1

pr color

imp

18

SHELTON

pot

pr color

1820

BERLIN

hp

pr

1850

h p

pr color

1830

Royal Factory

SEVRES

...

The marie

ivas used

...

with the year

date from 1830.

Louis Philippi

1834


Marks.

i

.CHATEAU,

SEVRES

51 1

h p

Republic

BURSLEM Wedgwood

hp

pot 8c Bentlcy

pr color

&

1834

p red

1848

imp

1768

pbhu,

1764

hp

CLAW. DELFT De Klaauw (The Claw) Lambertus Sanderus.

pot


12

Pottiry and Porcelain

CRESCENT. CAUGHLEY

SALOPIAN.

h

p.

p blue

1750

p

p blue or gold

1751

And without name.

WORCESTER

URBINO

s

...

maj.

p blue

1591

Also with the initials E. F. B.

NAPLES

WORCESTER

mnj.

h p

p blue

17

p blue

1783


Mark* C<

V

MARIEBERG, Sweden

pot

& p

1750

color

sp

CC

1759

Ehrenreich,

CROSS. BRISTOL

h p

p

1773

iu

color

t

FULDA

...

VARAGES

h p

pot

p blue

p

bl:

C

i763

c

1730

or red

DRESDEN

h p

COPENHAGEN

*

CASEMENE

h p

...

pot

p blue

1720

p color

1772

imp

IS~


Pottery and Porcelain

BOURG-LA-REINE

h p

p

17

h p

p color

1773

h p

imp

1770

maj.

p color

1540

ma}.

p color

16

p blue

1801

Le Chappelet.

BRISTOL

TURIN

Vineuf

Dr. Gioanetti.

CROWN. BASSANO Also with the signature of Antonio Terchi $ B Terchj

CASTELLI

ST.

PETERSBURG

Alexander

b p

or color

I.

h p

Alexander

II.

p blue or color

1805


Marks.

PARIS

h p

p red

177P

Porcelaine de la Reine( Antoinette)

VENICE

maj

DERBY

s

p

BRUSSELS

h p

WORCESTER

hp

17-

p gold

p'

177-

color 18

imp

1807

Barr, Flight 8f Barr.

NAPLES Crown

maj.

p

16

of various shapes,

sometimes B.C.

SEVRES

'&

Charles X.

b p

1829


Pottery and Porcelain

SEVRES *0

Charles X.

h p

p bine

1829

hp

p blue

1758

p

p color

176-

b p

p blue

1758

h p

p blue

1788

30

LUDWIG-SBURG Also attributed

to

BUEN RETIRO Madrid.

Carlos III.

LUDWKJSBURG Initial of

Custine, director

URBINO (?)

pot

Duke Charles

NlEDERVILLER De

s

&

&

pot

16-

maj.

Luca Cambiasi

HOCHST

b p

p gold

&

color

17*JO


Marks. PARIS

...

Charles

Philippe,

hp

p blue

1769

Up

p blue

17G1

h p

p red or

1780

Comte

d'Artois, patron

FEANKENTUAL Carl Theodore

DERBY

...

violet

Dueslury

with

monogram

D K

Duesbury and Kean

also ivitnout croivn

Stevenson

HlLDEKSHEIM

$ Hancock

.,.

1798

...

...

,

...

,,

..

hp

18C-

p

bill?

1760


Pottery and Porcelain

i8

FULDA

..,

CAPO DI MONTI, Naples

h p

p blue

1763

s

p color

1780

hp

prod

1780

h

p blue

1756

p color

1825

imp or

1845

p

Ferdinandus. Rex

PARIS

...

DM and Guerhard HESSE DARMSTADT

p'

I'D ST.

PETERSBURG

Nicholas

...

h p

I.

h p

SEVRES

pr color

Louis- Philippe

M

CLIGNANCOURT

...

hp

stred

17SO


Marks.

BUEN RETIRO, Madrid

...

MARIEBERO, Sweden

sp

pot

&

p color

176-

p color

1750

p red or

1759

sp

VU U/

CAPO DI MONTI, Naples

s

p

blue

& imp SEVRES.

III.

Napoleon In this year the manufacture of soft paste was resumed

SAVONA.

(?)

Guidolono

...

...

s&

p color

1854

h p

10-

maj.

JV.Q.

o

ORLEANS

pot

p color

1753


Pottery and Porcelain

Paul

...

h p

p color

1796

...

h p

p blue

1750

LUDWIGSBURG

h p

p blue

1806

OPORTO

h p

p gold

1790

ST.

n

PETERSBURG.

DRESDEN

...

Saclisiche Porzellen

SPM

I.

Manufacture

.

t

WORCESTER WTT

or color

Vista Allegra

Flight

h p

p color

1793

and Barr

LIVERPOOL

pot

imp

&

1796

pr color

DOME. FLORENCE A rare mark

s

p

p color

1580


Marks. DOT.

o

o **

2i

.

oOo

I

LlMBACH

hp

p

1761

URBINO & FAENZA

maj.

p

16

h p

p color

ERMINE. STOKE-ON-TRENT

...

&

Minion

IS5-

gold

FISH.

GENOA

...

maj.

NYOV,

...

h p

p blue

1790

LILLE

...

hp

sten

&

1781

The Dauphin.

CHINA

Patron

This

mark

p red

li

...

Old Nankin ware varies

10

p

p

p blue

969 to HOfi

much


22

Pottery

and Porcelain

CHINA

h p

969

p blue

to 1106

FLEUR-DE-LYS.

*

Bow

s

p

p blue

173-

CAPO DI MONTI, Naples Removed to

s

p

p blue

1736

176-

BUEN RETIRO, Madrid MARSEILLES

EOUEN

...

pot

pr color

1777

p color

1542


Marks.

ST.

CLOUD

imp

1702

hp

p blue

1830

h p

p color

s

SEVRES

p

Sevres

30

FLOWER. CHINA.

(?)

Sesamum

1403 to 1424

p red

142G

&gold to 1435

(?)

Emblems

of longevity

//iese inarlis are

from old

Nankin ware; date un-

,,

p bluo


Pottery

CHINA

JAPAN.

and Porcelain

hp

...

On

old

and modern

ware in imitation

Nankin patterns

of

old ...

hp

j

i

blue


Marks. GEASS. This mark is knoivr. as the " Grass Mark" but it

CHINA. is

meant for a water plant

...

h p

p blue

960

to9G3

HAYFORK.

y

RUDOLSTADT

h D

p color

p blue

i

1758

.,

17A1SO WORCESTF.P


Pottery and Porcelain

HATCHET

(see

AXE).

HEAD. DELFT

...

...

...

pot

p color

pot

p color

17

imp

182-

HEART. MOTJSTIERS.

Olery

NAPLES

ST.

maj

SAMSON

pot

HORN. CHANTILLY

sp

pblue

1725

cr imp

LUDWIGSBUR

I

hp

p red or blue

1758


Marks. LABEL. ORLEANS

...

...

Gerault Daraubert

h

&

s

p

p color

1753

hp

p color

1770

h p

p blue

LEAF. BERLIN This mark

is frequently painted in green or gold over the Berlin

sceptre

on damaged pieces

GROSBREITENBACII

...

Sometimes a mere flourish

CHINA

A

...

...

...

great variety oj leaves are found on old Nankin ware, the mark was imitated by DELFT and other factories


Pottery and Porcelain CHINA.

(?)

Bamboo

leaves,

mark

of

Factory in King-te-chin

JAPAN.

a

h p

p blue

On ware painted with

1573 1619

...

h p

p blue

Chinese patterns

LETTERS.

A

PARIS.

Le basuf

A is also found

...

on

This mark varies much and sometimes

ANSPACH. very

p red

177-

blu*1

1718

Bow ware

looks like crossed swords

h p

p


Marks DELFT ... ... De G-dclcse A (The Alpha)

iTD

J. T.

A

A

D7M.

pot

p blue

pot

p blue

17G1

...

White Star)

Kiell

h p

Nowotny Director

U BEING

AP AVJJ

...

Stcr (The

ALTENROLHAU

A.N.

...

Dickstraat or Dextra

DELFT ... De Wittc

A.K.

29

& imp

1829

pot

maj

p

1GO-

p blue

1782

p

I'/-

Alphonso Patanazzi

ARRAS

...

s

DEF.FT

...

pot

p

\

I


and Porcelain

Pottery

h p

me

1793

pot

p color

1769

pot

p blue

175-

pot

inc

1538

BRISTOL

h p

p color

1773

GUBBIO

maj

p color

15-

pot

p color

180G

p bin?

1773

WORCESTER

B

...

B is

Bart-.

also on

MARSEILLES Bonnefoy

DELFT J.

...

Brouwer

SAINTES

...

Attributed

B

...

Bow ware

to

...

Bernard Pallissy

Maestro Giorgio

LUXEMBOURG

B. L.

&hp

BOCK.

BlaR

L.A

KiElNE

s

& DELFT

...

p pot

pot

p blue


Marks. BAYREUTH

pot

p blue

DELFT

r>ot

p biue

pot

p blue

(?)

...

Berghem

DELFT ... (?) Vender Does

Cc

CB

ST.

PETERSBURG

...

h

p

,,176-

Catherine

BAYREUTH

h p

p color

DELFT De Paauw (The Peacock)

pot

p blue

COALBROOK DALE

h p

p blue

1787

LIMOGES

h p

p red

1773

PARIS ... Chanou

n p

(?)

GO

15

1744

.

17

Cornells Boumeester

1781


Pottery

*C*

and Porcelain


Marks.

g

ST.

PETERSBURG

33 p blue

1762

p color

1759

pot

p

1764.

hp

p color

1773

maj

M

li

...

p

P. Kornilo/e

MARIEBERG

pot

&sp

Ehrenreich, director

14* DELFT

E BS

T' jongue Moriaans Hofft

(The young Moors head.)

5

BRISTOL

F

FLORENCE (A late mark on Fine

(Imitation Oriental.)

FAENZA

...

...

(Many

17

Pottery.)

14

maj

varieties of the letter

are found.)

FURSTENBERG

F is DELFT

also

...

found on

...

Bow

hp

pblue

pot

p blui

ware

...

1750


Pottery and Porcelain

34

F^ Xanto

URBINO.

MOUSTIERS.

F.DV

NAPLES

...

Feraud

...

Fab. del Vecchio, Napoli

FI

FP FR

FLORENCE.

UREINO.

F

maj.

pot

p color

maj.

imp

&hp

178-

17-

maj.

p

17-

Patanazxi

ma.

p

1G08

.

NEVERS

pot

PERKENHAMMER.

p

color

3730

Fischer

Reichembach

1802

GUBBIO

Bow ware

15

For Firenze

c

CAFJTAGIOLO.

p color

maj.

G

is

found on

1536


Marks. NAPLES.

6iK

35

Giustiniani

GERA

...

GOTH A

..

maj.

h p

imp & p color

17

p blue

1780

"

DELFT

pot

:

175-

p red

p

17-

p blue

1764

1179 , ,

OVJ

1

T'oude Moriaans Hojft.

(The old Moor's head) Geertruy

M

STBASBOUKG.

H

PARIS.

HB

NEVEKS.

pot

Verstelle.

Hannong

Hannong Henri Borne

...

1752

hp

& pot

...

...

pot

p color

1773

p color

168-

p color

176S

DELFT. Jacobus Haider Adriens


Pottery and Porcelain

H.F

NAPLES

17

maj.

p

pot

p ted

pot

p blue

15

pot

p blue

1764

pot

p blue

pot

imp

13

pot

p blu6

1764

pot

p bine

7CS-7 DELFT

...

NUREMBERG Haws Kraut

DELFT

Villingen

..,

Hendrick Van Hoorn

HVMD

DELFP ... THart (The Hart) Hendrick van Middeldijk

LISBON

DELFT (?)

DELFT //a 2-

,

...

Jacobus de Milde

...


Marks. DELFT

37

...

1680

pot

p blue

maj

p

pot

p blue

1761

hp

p blue

1790

pot

p red

18

pot

st color

1831

Jan Kuylich

I.P ITD 7

JJ?

(?)

PESARO.

(?)

In Pesaro

.

DELFT ... De Griekse A (The Alpha) JT.

T. Dikstraat or Dextra.

DELFT

...

DELFT

...

PARIS

...

Jacob Petit

LIMOGES J.

Pouyat

VOISONLIEU

& imp

Jean Zeigler

DELFT (?)

...

Jan Kuylich

pot

p blue


Pottery and Porcelain

DELFT

pot

...

pbluo

1GSO

pgold

177-

Jan Kuylich

II

m

H.HCVJ/

XV KVK

KIEL

...

or color

Buchwald, director A. Leihamer, decorator

DRESDEN

hp

p blue

J>

DELYT

...

..

17

T

17-

pot

LIMBACH

h p

p red

MONTELUPO

maj.

p

h p

p color

1791

pot

p blue

17G4

1761

Given by Jacquemart, Wolfs

Brush

LC

BRUSSELS L. GretU

DELFT ... De Lampetkan (The Widow G. Brouwer

Pitcher)


Marks.

B

MAP

39

BORDEAUX

p

DELFT ... (?) Van Dammelar

pot

p blue

CAFFAGIOLO

maj

p

15

SlNCENT Moulin

pot

p color

18G1

PARIS

h p

p blue

1773

color

...

Morel d Paris

GUBBIO

If

IS-

hp

Lahens and Bateau

15

rcaj

Maestro Giorgio

15* z a.

LOOSDEECHT

...

...

Manufactur oude Loosdrcch\ Moll

director,

h p

p blue

&

^ ni

P

177%


4o

Pottery and Porcelain OPORTO

pot

Rocha Soare

M.P

DELFT...

MP

...

...

De Metaale Pot (The Metal Lamlertus

A\VC

DELFT

\1~

pot

p blue

1639

Pot)

Cleffius

pot

...

NEVERS

IV

p gold or color

GUBBIO

...

...

pot

p

maj

p

color

15

153-

Vincentio or Cencio son of

KL

Maestro Giorgio

GUBBIO

N op

BOURG-LA-REINE

LILLE I

Petit

.,,

h p

p bme

1773

pot

p color

1778


Marks. LIVERPOOL Pennington

letters

p gold or color

1760

& imp

PINXTON These

pot

&hp s

p

p color

1791

are ascribed to

Pinxton, but t7ie wave was seldom marked

GUBBIO ?

15-

maj

Maestro Perestino

DELFT

pot

p

CAFFA.GIOLO

maj

p

15-

KOTTEN...

pot

p color

15

imp

183

pot

p color

15

pot

p bluo

1761

...

NlMES Plantier, Boncourant

ROUEN DELFT

P

...

v Doornp

...

$

Co.


Pottery and Porcelain DELFT

P

PVM

DELFT

P

...

pblue

1G91

pot

pblue

1764

p brown

...

MARSEILLES

p black

1777

hp

p blue

17

...

b p

p blue

17

p blue

1760

p blue

1.6

pot

&hp

Robert

RKGENSBERG OR RATISBON

R-n

pot

Meemm

van

DELFT

K

...

van der Breil

RAUENSTEIN

...

...

hp

DELFT

...

...

pot

v

pot

...

COLOGNE.

r

..

.

.


Marks.

S

S

43

CAUGHLEY

hp

pblue

1750

h p

p color

180V.

pot

p

color

1733

hp

pr green

1833

& sp

p blue

173-

1750

Salopian

SCHLAKENWALD

...

SlNCENT

SEVRES on white ware The Scratch denotes the piece

left

...

tJiat

the factory

undecorated. ST.

CLOUD

Trow Director

18G

pot

SX

SCEAUX PENTHIEVRE

up

inc

Ven?

VENICR

maj

p

color

BERLIN Wegeley, founder

h p

15

17-

&hp p blue

1751


Pottery and Porcelain

44

PLYMOUTH

p

p blue

176-

p

p blue

1751

Probably the usual marie, the sign

Jupiter,

carelessly

pencilled

WORCESTER

And

others in imitation of

oriental

WVB

s

,,

,

marks

DELFT ... ... ... De Twee Wildemans (The two Savages) Willem Van Beelc

pot

p blue

1764

DELFT ... Widow van

pot

p blue

1764

maj

p

URBINO

der Briel

Fco Xanto

maj

X p blue

N red lustre

Al

maj

p


Marks.

GUBBIO

maj

p

15

ZURICH

h p

p blue

1759

pot

p

1765

ALT HALDENSTEBEN

hp

imp

17

COPENHAGEN

hp

p blue

1772

hp

p blue

17

h p

p blue

17

DELFT

Z-DEJC

45

...

Dextra zoon

LINES.

The Sound, the great and little

ST.

Belts

PETERSBURG

MITRE.

WURZBURG


Pottery and Porcelain


Marks.

DELFT

47

pot

...

p blue

1761

A Kielle

SI

Moscow

l

h p

p

color

1830

pot

p black

1750

pot

p blue

1764

hp

p color

1830

pot

p blue

1680

A Popoff APREY

...

DELFT

...

De twee Ships)

Moscow A Popoff DELFT

...

Keyser

<f-

...

Scheepjes (The

two

Ant Pennis ...

...

Pynalcer

...


Pottery and Porcelain DELFT

...

Keyser

Sf

pot

p

col

1680

hp

p blue

1709

p blue

13

Pyndker

DRESDEN

DRESDEN

& imp

A modern mark PARIS

pot

...

p bluo

16

Reverend

DELFT

ANSPACH J.

..

...

or Frankenthal

,.

16-

17-

..

hp

..

hp

,.

pot

p color

A Hannonjr

TOURS

...

184-

Victor Avisseau

NEVERS

$6

Jacques Bourdu,

1602


Marks.

49

LUXEMBOURG

pot

&

B.L

p color

180G

p blue

1760

h p

E hp

NlEDERVILLEB

& pot

Beyerle founder

MARANS

...

...

pot

p color

1740

...

hp

p blue

18

h p

p blue

1787

maj

p

15-

Hp

pr color

185-

p bine

1824

Jean Pierre Roussencq

NTON

...

...

Pierre

Hulhausen decorator

COALBROOK DALB

URBINO

A

air.iilar

...

mark

STOKE-ON-TRENT

SEVRES Charles

is

...

dated 1549.

p


Pottery and Porcelain

maj

p

15-

COALBROOK DALE

hp

p blue

1787

DlRTJTA

maj

p

16-

PARIS

h p

p red

1784

maj

p

15

root

p blue

1651

VENICE

...

...

Probably Gian Andrea and Pietro Bertolini

...

Chanou

URBINO Nicolo

D/W

d'

Urbino

DELFT ... De Paauw (The Peacock) Jacobus de Milde 1764


Marks.

I*

DlRUTA

roaj

FLORENCE

maj

p

NEVERS

pot

p color

1636

pot

p blue

1680

16

p

14

FAOrEBAT

Denis Lefebvre

DELFT

...

Johannes Mesch

URBINO

TOOLOUSE Fouque" Arnoux LlLLiE F.

16

maj

$

pot

p

color

1820

pot

p

color

1729

pot

p color

1610

Co.

...

Boussemart

KREUSSEU Caspar V^t

1G90

Hans Christophe PARIS Dihl

...

4-

...

Vest ...

Guerhard, Due d"4n-

gouldine patron

h p

p red

1780


Pottery and Porcelain

NUREMBERG

pot

p blue

16G7

pot

p blue

1761

NUREMBERG

pot

imp

NAPLES

maj

p

17

pot

p blue

1680

pot

p blue

15

pot

p blue

17

George Liebolt

DELFT ... De drei

...

...

porceleyno FlescJijes

(The 3 porcelain bottles)

Hugo Brouwer

UK

DELFT

...

Jan Jan zoon Kuylich

//f NUREMBERG Hans Kraut

STRASBOURG & FRANKENTHAL Paul Hannong

&

h p

&

inc


Marks.

GUBBIO

...

53

...

maj

p

16

pot

p bluo

17

Hipollito Rombariotti

STRASBOURG & FRANKENTHAL

&hp

Hannong

FRANKENTHAL & STRASBOURG J. 4* P.

,,

Hannong

NEVERS

...

...

pot

p color

17

pot

sten

1802

p color

176-

Jacques Seignc

NIEDERVILLER

...

&hp

Lanfray

LIMBACH

(?)

...

...

h p

Pffold

.

PARIS

...

|

Gros Caillou

...

...

h p

p color

1773


Pottery ana Porcelain

54

SEVRES The

...

letter indicates Hie

...

p

p blue

1753

hp

p blue

1814

pot

p color

17

h

p blue

17

fl

date

See Sevres

Louis XVIII.

MOTJSTIERS Olcry

k

REGEKSBERG

or Eatisbon

...

T>

COLOGNE

pot

p blue

1589

HEREND

hp

pblue

1839

pot

p blue

1639

53!?

Maurice Fischer

... ... DELFT ... De Metaale Pot (The Metal

Pot)


Marks.

55

FAENZA

maj

p

154

maj

p

15

pot

pblue

1680

maj

p

15-

h p

st rod

1775

pot

p

10-

me*

ML URBINO Nicolo

DELFT

d'

Urbino

...

Q Kleynoven 15*44;

URH1NO Orazio Fontana

CLIGNANCOURT

Monogram

...

...

of the patron Louis

Stanislas Xavier Comte

de

Provence

ftw

DELIT (?)

...

Philip Wouvermans


Pottery and Porcelain

DELFT

pot

p blue

16SO

DELFT ... De Romeyn (The Roman) Petrus van Meerum

pot

p blue

1764

DELFT

pot

...

...

...

J. PynaJcer, C.

Keyser

A.

4-

Pynalcer

M

v

P

.f.

...

1G91

van der Briel

DELFT De porceleyne

pot

p blue

1764

h

p color

1792

Fles (The por-

celain bottle)

Pieter

van

Doorne

SEVEES

&sp

R^pullique Franqaise

GUBBIO (?)

maj

COALBROOK DALE

...

j

CaugJiley Swansea 4

1

j

p

Salimbene

Nantganv

h p

P blue

1861


Marks. DELFT

57 pot

p blue

DIRUTA

maj

p

16

CAFFAGGIOLO

maj

p

15

pot

p

175-

hp

p blue

179-

...

165

Samuel Pict Roerdet

ST.

AMAND

Fauquez

STOKE-ON-TIIENT

Minion

CASTELLI

or red

maj

p

pot

p

17

Sowerio Grue

DELFT... Suter van der Even

blue

1580


Pottery and Porcelain SCHAFFHAUSEN

.

.

.

pot

p color

1560

maj

p

15

pot

p blue

1650

pot

p color

1850

pot

p blue

1764

pot

pblue

1580

maj

p

15

pot

p black

1760

Tobias Stimmer

FAENZA

DELFT

...

...

...

Antoni Ter Humpelin

NEVERS

H

Tite Ristori

DELFT

...

...

Jan van der Kloot Jan Zoon

V

DELFT (?) Van

der

Even

FESARO (?)

Giovanni Vejaso

MARSEILLES I

Veuve Perrin


Marks.

VI

59

URBINO

maj

p blue

16

pot

p blue

176-4

h p

p blue

TUNSTALL

pot

imp

1780

SHELTON

pot

imp

17

pot

imp

1750

LANE END

pot

imp

18-

FAENZA

maj

p

15-

WOECK3TE14

hp

pr

1807

DELFT (?)

...

Wvander

Does

I

MUSICAL INSTEUMENTS. CHINA

...

...

...

Nankin ware

NAMES. W- Adams. Astbury. R. 4- J. Baddeley,

Bailey <$ Baikin.

r*

*fr Qodty


6o

Pottery and Porcelain

Enoch Booth. Brameld.

TUNSTALL

pot

imp

1750

SWINTON

b p

pr red

1807

pot

p color

1680

h p

pr color

1827

SWANSEA

hp

p

color

178-

LIVERPOOL

pot

p

color

1751

WORCESTER

h p

p

color

178-

& int.

DELFT

pot

Verboom painter

BPATbEFb KopHHAOBLDO

Chamberlain.

ST.

PETERSBURG

...

Korneloffslci Brothers

& imp Child.

Christian.

Govlfwt.

TUNSTALL

pot

imp

1763

LIVERPOOL

pot

imp

1765

COALBROOK DALE

h p

p blue

1787


Marks.

Copeland.

61


Pottery and Porcelain

62

WORCESTER

Flight.

Flight

# n

Ban-

Sf

Flight,

p color

1783

1793

...

Barr

1807

Barr.

DELFT <fl

hp

...

T.

pot

p blue

...

h p

imp

color 18

hp

imp

17

Fortwyn (Fortune)

P

van d&r Breil

Moscow

(DP

TYAMHA

...

Fabrica Gospodina The Factory of our Lady)

Galena.

Moscow FAPkHEPT} Ginori.

1C91

...

^tl

&

pot

Gardner

DOCCIA

s

p

imp

1735

NAPLES

maj

imp

17

WORCESTER

hp

pred

1800

TURIN

maj

p

J7

b p

st

Giusiiniani Brothers

Grainger, Lee Co.

Guerhard Dihl.

et

PARIS

(so attributed)

..

red

1780


Marks. Haclcwood.


o4 E. Mayer.

Pottery and Porcelain


Marks.

Phillips

$

Co.

B. Plant.

nonoBbi

Pouyat

$

Russinger.

Reid

4-

Co.

RocJcingham.

SUNDEELAND

pot

pr color

"V780

LANE END

pot

imp

177-

Moscow

li

p color

1830

h p

p red

1773

h p

imp

175-

pot

imp

1757

pr color

175G

A

p

Popoff

PARTS

De

...

la Couriille

LIVERPOOL

SWINTON

&hp Sadler fGreen.

LIVERPOOL

pot

&hp William Sans.

MN

1'

BUKSLEM

pot

imp

167-

SEVRES

s

p

st red

1S03

h p

st red

1806

National Factory

Imperial Factory


Pottery and Porcelain.


Marks.

m*


68

Pottery and Porcelain

MALTA

pot

imp

18

pot

p color

15

hp

p blue

176-

pot

p

pot

p

BERLIN

hp

pblue

1830

SAVONA

maj

p

16

..,

NEVERS

PLYMOUTH

...

...

This marie, the sign of Jupiter, is often considered as 2,

4

joined

ST.

B*

J.

CLOUD

color

1700

B. Chicanneau

DELFT

...

ORB.


Marks.

GtiBBio

69

...

...

cnaj

p

ORIENTAL. CHINA

...

...

Old Nankin ware.

,,

...

Sacred axe

Precious things. Instruments of writing

Kwei, or emblems of u

Mandarin

h p

p blue

15


Pottery and Porcelain CHINA.

...

...

h p

p blue

pot

p bluo

IB-

put

imp

18

maj

p

18

pot

anp

18

maj

p

15

Instrument used as a tuning fork

DELFT

...

...

...

In imitation of the

'

six

mark

'

OVAL. ANDENNES B. Lammens Sf Co. UZES

...

Francois Pichon

(?)

VENICE On modern ware

MONTET Laurjorois

PEtiARO

AND FAENZA

...


Marks.

PESAUO AND FAENZA

ninj

p

VAL sous MENDON

pot

imp

179-

pot

p blue

1C

hp

p gold

18

pot

p color

1770

pot

p color

17O-

j

Mittenhoff

,

I

!

COLOGNE

PALETIE. PARIS

...

Schloss),iacher

PICKAXE. LEEDS

X

...

PIPE.

ARNSTADT

'

VlNCENNEP

.

h

178~


Pottery and Porcelain

72. t

ROSE.

CAUGHLEY J.

Roge

DELFT

3)

S-

...

...

De Roos

...

b p

...

pot

p color

1799

p blue

17G4

hp

pblae

170-

hp

pblne

Co.

(the Rose),

.

Dirk van

dor Does

SCEPTRE. BERLIN

1

*

SHELL OR HELMET. CHINA


Marks

CHINA

...

hp

p blue

SHIELD. ANSPACH

...

...

h p

p blue

1718

NYMPHENBERG

...

...

h p

imp

1758

SAVONA

...

...

maj

p

1C-

Sometimes with initials

G.

Gian Anto. Guido-

A.G.,

(?)

fcono,

G. 8.

4*

B. C.

Girolamo Salomons

...


Pottery and Porcelain

SAVONA

maj

p

DELFT

pot

p

hp

p color

17C2

mnj

p

r lo-

...

VOLKSTADT

TURIN And Shield alone with Arms of Savoy

1C

rec*

1.7

t

...

Cross.

VIENNA

p

imp or p olue

1774

pot

p blue

18

h p

p blue

li

SIIIP.

COBRIDGE

SQUARE MARKS. CHINA

...

For other Square Maries, Oriental,

used

also

see

by

WORCESTER and DRESDEN


Marks.

H

75

DRESDEN

h p

f blue

17

maj

p

15

s

p color

1735

Imitation Oriental

On

Bottger ware

...

UKBINO

",,

Orazio Fontana

In Greek Characters

STAR. DOCCIA

NOVE

.

p

hp

p

pot

p red

gold or

1750


Pottery and Porcelain SUN. ST.

CLOUD

...

...

pet .*

p blue

1702

sp

SAVONA

SWORD.

X

X

OAUGHLEY

...

...

h p

p

blue

1750

DRESDEN

...

...

h p

p blue

1726

1730


Marks.

77

DRESDEN

X x

.,

h p

Marcolini Manager

p blue

1770

1796

...

on White Porcelain for !

Sale

...

17-

...

scratched

through

on imperfect pieces

...


Pottery and Porcelain

DRESDEN

h p

3

blue

1750

Bruhl Manager

17

ELBOGEN

XX-

h p

MONTREUIL

mp

1810

p blue

18

p gold

175-

Tinei

TOURNAY

s

p

or blue

(?)

CAUGHLEY

hp

pblue

177-

sp

p bine

17

Attributed to Worcester

WORCESTER


Marks.

WORCESTER

s

p

j)

blue

\7

TABLE. CHINA

...

imitated by

...

...

DERBY

...

h p

TOWETl.

TOURNAT

.,

...

s

p

p tl"e

175


Pottery and Porcelain

8o

I

A

VlNCENNES

8

p

s

p

p

color

17

TRIANGLE. Bow, CHELSEA & DERBY

BRISTOL

&

& & imp & inc

17-

hp

color

h p

imp

18-

p gold

1735

p gold

&bis

DOCOIA

s

p

& imp KORZEC

NYMPIIENBERO

Hulaudier*

p

p blue

1803

hp

{.blue

1753

pot

imp

1809

.

...


Marks. TRIDENT.

Bow

JA,e

triangle

p blue

170-

17

imp

CAUGHLKY

h p

p blue

CAPFAGIOLO

maj

,.

lo

Also attributed to Faenza

Gubbio

SWANSEA And one

h y

imp

18

trident

VASES. BRISTOL The Cross imp

h p

JAPAN

h

...

f.

pr blue

18

imp

18

color


82

Pottery and Porcelain

Gunno

inaj

p blue

15

WINDMILL. CLJGNA.NCOUKT Paries greatly

...

&hp

i

color

1775


83

Majolica.

MAJOLICA. THE manufacture

of Italian Pottery

as Majolica or RafFaelle

the patronage of the

ware

was

Urbino

family,

generally

many

foi

known

years under

and was principally

carried on at Urbino, Gubbio, Pesaro, Castel Dnrante, Faenza

and

Dim

c.i.

The ware

is

coarse

and

bar],

but

it

is

valued for the

decorations, which are from designs by RafFaelle, Michael Angelo, Guilio Romano, and other great masters; and some are thought to be painted with their own hands.

Marryat says

:

" It

was the usual custom

for the Artists

to write the title of the subject, in blue characters

back of the

dish,

but rarely to

affix their

on the

names and place

of

The examples given will, it is hoped, be sufficient the identification of such marks as may be met with in

abode." for

duplicate,

those that arc given in type are too large for

ensravinor in a small handbook.


Pottery and Porcelain.

MAJOLICA. ... ... ... BASSANO, Venetia Also with the signature of Antonio Terchi and

B

Terchj

CAFFAGIOLO, Tuscany

...

The

trident is used both with

above. The

This mark

is

name

(?)

for Gafagiolo

S. P. in e

given.

and without

also signed In Gafagolo

also attributed to

Gubbio

&

is

...

...

The ordinary mark is thus marie, it is monogram, sometimes the P is alone

,,

1540

Faenza and

1507


85

Majolica. CASTEL DURANTE, Urbino ... The earliest known date is Sebastiano

d'

...

founded 1361

...

12 Sep., 1503

Marforio signs and dates a piece

in

Francesco Durantino

FattoinBotega

,,

di Piccolpasso

>

1841

1533

The Chevalier Piccolpasso was

...

On Modern Ware

<

Saverio Grue.

,,

,

Or.

1550

in imitation of the old

!

CASTELLI, Naples So attributed by Pusscri

L. G. P.

director of a

factory about

"

1519

Luigi Grue Fro.

-

Also

14 1C

...

initials

and name

...

...

17

'>

Ani- Grue

Rocca di

...

1722

...

J-'2

Castelli, 1732.

Gentili P.

.

DIRUTA, Papal States Other varieties of

this signature are

found

17-


Pottery and Porcelain.

86

-inty J

DIRUTA, Papal States

*

1G-

HT Given by Darcel as a mark of this factory

P

AEN7A

On

one of the earliest pieces of Majolica known

(?)

Supposed to be Maestro Giorgio

Gubbio.

Many

FatainFaenza In Coxa Pirota

...

varieties of the letter

Cosa Piroto Facnza

...

F

The name of .,,

are found

1475

14

...

a factory of .,,

...

15-


Majolica. FAENZA And

Avithout the circle

...

,,.

15

Also attributed to Pesaro

Many

Yvioiuarcx

other varieties of this

ft

Also

,,

And B

initials

B. M.

ML

Avithout the

Baldasara

are found

,

]

(?)

mark

T

...

154-


Pottoy ana Porcelain. AENZA Attributed to Baldasara

15

ero.

In a square, and

F.R.

initials

FLORENCE, Tuscany Luca della Robbia and famous ware here

TAOEBA.T

A

late

mark on

(?)

FORLI

m

Also

.F

1542.

I

la,

Mo

Jero

da

,

...

..

...

M

14

his family mailc their

until about

fino

...

pottery

...

15GO

...

without

.,

17-

for Firenze

date,

...

and with

Lcucadius Solombrinus, 1555

Bo teg a d Forli.

...

...

This mark and another, LR FA, 1451, is attributed to Luca, but both are very doubtful

,,

Pate

only

signature

...

of

15-


Majolica.

GENOA The beacon

,,

...

is

Given by

...

well known,

it

...

varies very

.

15

...

14

much

Demmin

GUBBIO, Urbino

...

...

...

Giorgio Andreoli, afterwards known as Maestro Giorgio, first used the beautiful metallic luttre

.

which caused the Gubbio ware to be so valued Also ascribed to him

...

.*.

.

...

1519

.,.

1525


9o

Pottery and Porcelain. GUBBIO

B

Maestro Giorgio A, Merchants' mark...

...

1528

1532

,,

With merchants' mark

15

Attributed to 3faes/ro

,.

Vincentio or Cencio, son of

M-

Giorgio

...

w


Majolica.

GUBBIO AlsoN. G.

,,

O

17.

A.

15

,

(?)

Maestro Fercstino.

(?)

Salimbcne

Also signature in

(?)

Ilipollilo TtombarioUi

(?)

Rovigo

full

,.

...

16-

...

1C-

...

I. Jlf.

LODT, Lcmbarcly ... And with the initials only


Pottery and Porcelain

*L

MILAN. Lombardy

5to,

And name

r tf.B.

31.

1627.

M

te

L*

1639.

n.o

On modern

pottery

MONTELUPO, Tuscany

...

...

,

18-

...

...

,..,

1G-

Vaviously written

With

signature Raffaello Girolamc

Given by Jacque mart (?) Wolf's brush

...

...

/f

Crown

of

various

times B. C.

shapes,

p black

modern

NAPLES 15-2

17-

,

only

some-


93

Majolica.

EDV

N

H.F

NAPLES.

And Ferdinando del

Vecchio Napoli

imp in

full

So attributed

.

Giustiniani Brothers

...

...

Padva.

A. Padoa.

And

in outline

PADUA, Venetia

With

...

date, 1548

1563

...

17

17

imp

& p

C

17

color

p blue

17

15-


Pottery and Porcelain.

94_ In Fesaro.

PESARO With

FattoinPesaro

IP

Doubtful

Giovanni Vejaso

1535.

...

1512

,

10-

EAVENNA Between two

In Arimin

15-

.

(?)

Ravena.

li

,

dates, 1542 to 1765

flourishes

RIMINI Stiffly

,

15-

written

In Rimino 1535.

Fato in Ariminensis

*

1C35

...

16-

1635.

Fatto in

Roma

da Gio Pavlo Savino M.D.C.

In Roma.

EOME

...

Pencilled in oval

Pencilled and impressed

.

1COO


Majolica.

Alma Roma

95

EOME.

1623.

SAVONA, Genoa (?)

16-

...

Guidobono

Girolamo Salomons

16-

9 .,

61

With

initials G.

and G.

S.

A. G. (Gian Ant

(tSalomone)

&

B. C.

..

..

Guidobono)


Pottery and Porcelain.

SAVONA, Genoa

~.

16

10-

L L Fata

t

Siena.

Bar Terese Roma. F. G.

15

SIENA, Tuscany

With

signatures of

M

Benedetto

,,

Bartolomeo Terenzio Romaw-o

,,

Also in monogram Ferdinando Ma.no,

Campani

1727

1733

...

15

TREVISO, Lomardy Treviso.

N.

In

circle

So attributed

TURIN, Piedmont

And

...

Shield alone with Cross.

...

Arms

...

of Savoy

15


97

Majolica. FattainTorino TURIN, Piedmont

..

Fabrics Reale di Torino

1577

...

17

...

14

p colour

15

1737.

So attributed

UEBINO Xanto Avelli da Rovigo

.f.XA-K -Til / ^ / t/rAino.

X

in blue,

N in red

mark

H

lustre,

probably Viceniio's


98

Pottery

^V

^

and Porcelain.

15-

URBINO

A

Francesco Xanto Avelli

,,

15-

Orazio Fontana

Urlino Fecit

In Greek character!

A similar

mail;

ATico7o

UrUno.

dated 1519

JE d'

About

also signed Niculo di V.


99

Majolica. UBBINO Nicolo d' Urbino

Geronimo

Vrliino,

...

...

15

with dato

...

1583

...

1587

T. R. F. 1587.

Also with

initials

EF

B, dated

,

1594

F. G. C.

Alf. P. F. Vrbini, 1606.

,,

A.P RE

Alfonzo Patanazzi.

Also name in

Francesco Patanazzi.

Also

full

...

1006

in full

...

1608

...

1619

...

...

16

...

...

name

Vicenzio Patanazzi, aged 12 years

B. F. V. F.

VI

Genoa

,,

(?)

Luca Cambiasi,

,,

(?)

Battista Franco Urbini Fecit

of


Pottery and Porcelain

UB.BINO

,

16-

Also attributed to Faenza

VENICE

...

Venczia

ic also

written in

1545

full

Probably Gian Andrea and Pietro Berlolini, too confused to be made clearer

.,

A

well-known mark, with many variations

...

Doubtful

<.)n

modern waro

17

17

..

is


101

Factories.

FACTOEIES.

ALTENROLHAU

near Carlsbad,

Germany

...

...

pot

imp

1829

&hp

A. Nowotny, Director

AMSTEL,Oude nearAr sterdam, 3

Holland

AMSTEL, Nicwer

...

...

hp

p blue

1782

...

...

hp

p blue

15

...

h p

ji

AMSTERDAM, Holland

A. Daeuber, Director

...

,t

blue

1772

178-


Pottery and Porcelain

AMSTERDAM, Holland Hartog

$

pot

p color

1780

pot

imp

18

hp

p blue

1718

Brandeis

ANDENNES, France B. Lammens $

Co.

A. Der Vander Wcert

ANsrACH, Bavaria

And

...

other varieties of the

A^sometimes like crossed s words

The Eagles and Shields vary very much, and sometimes

on A

without the

letter

used

t,

n

n


Factories.

ANSPACH

103

p blue

1718

pot

p black

17CO

II

J5

"

Ii

p

And FRANKENTHAL J".

J..

Hawnong

APREY, France

...

/P

X

ARNSTADT, Germany

pot

color

17G-

p blue

1782

p gold

1753

p

<vAa

ARRAS, France

s

BADEN-BADEN, Germany

h p

Widow

Sperl

p

or color


io 4

Pottery

\

and Porcelain

hp

BADEN-BADEN, Germany Widwu Sperl

BAYRETJTII, Bavaria

n

p gold

1753

or color

...

pot

)k p black

15 15-

rot

D blue

15

kip

p

1744

BERLIN, PRUSSIA. G. Wegeley, in 1751, and purchased Pott, a chemist at by Frederick the Great, in 1763. this factory, claims the invention of transfer printing on

Established by

W.

porcelain.

BERLIN, Prussia. Wegeley

h p

p blue

1751


Factories.

105

BERLIN, Prussia Royal

Many

Factory.

forms of sceptre

...

h p

p blue

176-

1

Konigliche PorzelleR.

KPK

1830

Manufactur

r

This Ea,gle

is also

1850

used by

Schuman, of Hoabit, with namet

Frequently

painted

tn

green or gold over the sceptre

damaged

mark, pieces

on 18


Pottery and Porcelain

io6

B BlaR

BORDEAUX, France Lahens

4"

h p

p color

18

s

p blue

1773

Rateau

BOURG-LA-EEINE, France

.-.

4

p pot

op *

Le Chappelet

I:

,

t BOW. This factory ivas established about 1735, become celebrated until many years later.

Bow

e

p

"but

p blue

did not

173


Factories.

107

Bow

it

B

The form and position of the sword vary

The triangle has long been considered a Bow mark but

recent

it

p blue

&gold imp t

doubt-

inc

hard

Bow

now proved to have been used at CHELSEA and

DERBY

Triangle,

p Dine

imp

A. B. F. G.

& K.

are also

found, probably workmen's marks

To

Also

BRISTOL

'

p gold & color

to or Triangle, the latter is

ful, it is often say if it is a

173-

p red

researches

have rendered

p


Pottery and Porcelain

io8

ELERS

BRA i> WELL

*

BRISTOL Founded

ly

llicliard

pot

imp

1600

h p

p color

1772

Champion ,,

And

other imitations of

Oriental marks

...

,,

B B

The

hp

cross impressed

pr blno

IS

imp

&

biscuit

For Tebo, the modeller.

Many

other ivorlcmeris

marks are found

ino

17-


Factories.

BEUSSELS, Belgium

109

h p

p

color

1791

L. Crette

LC

P

.>

JB BURSLEM,

Staffordshire

And Ralph

Toft

pot

.1

J{.

S/iau-e.

WEDGWOOD.

in relief

1G70

im P

167 ~

,

173-

175-

Wedgwood.

Wedgwood

<

1768

Bentley.

Aaron Wood.

175-

Enoch Wood.

1783

Wood&

1790

Caldwell. Steel.

18


Pottery and Porcelain

10

BUEN RETIRO

(Madrid), Spain

Attributed

to

Royal

p color

176-

hp

p red

1793

pot

imp

18

s

p blue

1736

p red

1759

s

p

&

pot

Factory, Charles III., but probably LUDWIQS-

BUKQ ,,

,,

caen

The Capo di Monte mark is found on early pieces

And

M only

...

CAEN, France Also in capitals

CALDAS, Portugal

CALDAS

Mafra^ maker. Imitations of Palissy ware

PORTUCAI

CAPO DI MONTI, Naples

And

p

various other forms

of Fleur de lys

Ferdinand IV, patron

...

or blue

& imp.


ii

Factories.

i

CAPO DI MONTI, Naples This factory has successfully imitated old ma-

Os

s

jolica

p

Ferdinandus Rex

D. D.

&

Co.

CASTLEFOED POTTERY.

J79

p color

1780

CASEMKNE, France Lafl4cliere and Pzillaird

pot

imp

18

CASTLEFOED. near Leeds

pot

imp

1790

h p

p blue

D. Dunderdale

CAUGHLEY, Shropshire Established .

SALOPIAN.

p color

in

by Brown, taken in 1772 by

1750,

Thomas Turner

.

marked thus

is

often mistaken for

J)

Crescent

arid

attributed

Duesbury of DERBY.

to

p blue

1750


Pottery and Porcelain

112

s

X

CAUUHLEY, Shropshire

...

TURNER.

h p

p blue

1750

h p

imp

1772

p blue

17

p blue

J77-

&

pot

hp

And

,,

(?)

other numerals thus

treated,

to

oriental

marks

rescmUe

Turner, attributed

lo

WORCESTER

Rose

Sf

Co.

color

...

CHAM-TILLY, France Also u'ithname

s

p

p blue and imp

1799


Factories*

CHELSEA.

This factory, established in {he 17th century, acquired until about 1750, when the modelling and

little celebrity

beauty of the paste rendered

its

productions equal to

those of any foreign factory.

CHELSEA

'Si/*

A 4 Ti

The

p

best quality in gold

imp

174-

p gold

174-

or rod


Pottery and Porcelain

CHELSEA

...

And with name

...

s

p

p gold

1745

or red

in full

& imp CLIGNANCOURT, near Paris This varies very

r /v* /r

/

^*

M

f

|& ^->

"

...

of the Patron, Louis Stanislas Xavier, Comte de Provence

Monogram

Porcelaine de Monsieur

CoALrORT, or COALBROOK DALE, Shropshire

^wd

C. J>aZe

...

h&spp

color

IV "5

much

...

h p

st red

tt

f

h p

p blue

..

1780

1787

.,

18


Factories.

%>

COALBROOK COALFORT, or DALE, Shropshire

MX

...

...

hp

p blue

Caughley, Swansea, Nantgarw, united 1821

Voyez.

I RV/c.

COBRIDGE,

Staffordshire

COLOGNE, Germany

...

18

1861

pot

pot

imp

1773

p blue

18-

]

blut,

1589

16-


i6

o

Pottery and Porcelain


Factories.

CEIEL.

Cm EL,

Franco

pot

imp

J7S-

h P

p blue

17

Also with

monogram of Stone-Coquerel and Lc Gros of Paris

D

DAMH, Germany

...

DELFT, HOLLAND a very early date; said that fine ware was produced in 1480, nothing

Potteries were established here at it is

certain is Icnoivn lefore 1614, to Cla.es

when a patent

ivas granted

Janssen Wytman's,for making porcelain, probably

fine pottery.

DELFT, Holland

The A * PHA De J. T.

ITD 7

Griekse. A.

Mark

registered

Dextra or Dilcstraat

pot

p blue

17G1


n8

Pottery and Porcelain

DEX

DELFT, Holland

Zoon Dexlra

,,

On

7

tyare

pot

...

p blue

17C5

...

ttrMTi

1764

same pat-

terns as that with first

mark

The works were carried on

Haider Ja r obus by Adriens Zoon in 1765...

(?) I.

H. D. ,,

Jacobus Haider

Cornells

van Os had

,,

p bluo

the

works in 1767

,,

ThoA.XE.

DeByl

Justus Brouwer

rcg 17G4


Factories.

DELFT, Holland

pot

...

p blue

1764

Justus Brouwer.

This

is also attribuied to

A.Kielle, of the Wliite Star.

De Klaauw

The CLAW.

reg 17G4

Lambertus Sanderus.

,,

This

mark

is

so

varied

that it is usually

known." called

The

"

un-

It has leen Griffin

!

'80

The DOUBLE PITCHER. DC Dubbelde Schenkkan Thomas Spaandonclc...

17G4


I

20

Pottery and Porcelain DELFT, Holland

tjTUTLl.\

,,

.,

,T.

Int.

FORTUNE. Pieter

(A.

TFccluice

T' Fortuyn...

i'.

reg

1'J'J!

H. F. Fortuyn.

D. A.

/H

vergulde Boot Johannes der Appel

tier

,,

De

p blue

d. Uriel

The GOLDEN BOAT. I.

pot

van der Briel

TLc GOLDEN FLOWERPOT De vergulde blompot ... P. Verberg

1704


Factories.

j

HVMD

MP

DELFT, Holland The HART.

,,

T'

Hart

12.1

...

pot

p blue

rcg 17G4

Hendrik van Middeldijk

The METAL POT De Metaale Pot Lartibertus

Clejjfius

1639

...

1704

Pietcr Paree

The old MOOB'S HEAD ... In V oude Moriaans Hojft Geertruy Verstelle

Tbe young MOOR'S HEAD E. B. S.

Tjongue Moriaans Hofft

Widow v. d.

of Picler

Jan

Hagen

Probably a mark of one or other of these factories

The PEACOCK. De Paaaw Jacobus de Milde

p

color

pblae

..

1G51

>,

17C1


Pottery and Porcelain.

122

DELFT, Holland Jacobus de Milde

7='

pot

[i

blue

17C1

twn (?)

The PORCELAIN BOTTLE De Porceleyne Fles Pieter van Doorne ...

,,

.,

,

PVM

Cornells Boumeester

t

The PORCELAIN PLATTER De Porceleyne Sclwotel Johannes van Duyn ... Tlte

EOMAN

De Romeyn Petrus van Merum

reg 17G4


Factories.

123

DELFT, Holland JanvanderKlootJanzcon ,, /oo7;

pot

p blue

1764

thejactory

The EOSB ... De Roos Dirfe van der Does

ieg!7G4

The THREE BELLS De drie klokken W. van der Does This varies so that

it

is

" unknown "

Doubtful

much often


Pottery and Porcelain

I2 4

DELFT, Holland The THREE PORCELAIN ,, BOTTLES De drle Par-

rel7(M

cel eyrie fleschjes

FB

,,

Hufjo Brouwer

pot

...

p blue

,,

The THREE PORCELAIN BARRELS De drie Por-

Hooren.

celeyn aslonnen

Hendrick van Hoorn

The

Two

SHIPS

...

,,

...

De twee Sheepjes

7?

WVB

,,

Ant. Pennis

,,

The Two WILD MEN ... DC twee wildemans Widow of Willem van

...

...

WATER

CA:T

De Lampetkan

...

W (dow of Gerardus Brouwer P Kan

,,

,

; ..

,.

Beek

The

L

,,

-.


Factories.

125

DELFT, Holland The WHITE STAB

De

reg 17G4

ivitie stcr

AK-

pot

p brie

/t/C

As

J

fi^t^r

(?)FancZrJ,osc/

,.

Beryliem

variations

J774


Pottery and Porcelain DELFT, Holland ,,

LVj

Isaalc

Lrouwer

(?)

Van

(?)

Van Dammelar

1750

plMue

der Does

1580

Suter van der Even

V so attributed

-eg 1G75

Ifartmus

^Infoni Ter

Hwnpelin

color

1650


Factories.

\

DELFT, Holland Q.

IfK

12

Kleynoven

Jan Kuylicli

the

p blue

re^f

1680

younger

UK J-ff

r Bf

Johannes Mesch

Cornells Keyser

Jacobus Pynalcer and Adrien Pynaker

*i

-

.


Pottery and Porcelain

128

DELFT, Holland Keyset*

,,

Jan Steen

,,

Samuel Piet Roerdcr

"

4*

p blue

Pynal:er

,,

1650

Willem van der Velde

I

..,

(?)

*r

iseer

Philip

...

Wouvermans

color

1660

1680

Abraham Verboom

Piet

xG80

..

1769

..

15-


Factories-

AVIf T>7M.

129

DELFT, Holland

UNKNOWN MARKS

p co1 or

2l> 1173 pblufe

6-JVC

p rea

G")& '779

71

(?)

HX2-

In 7

p bl**

1773


Pottery and Porcelain

xw

DELFT, Holland

UNKNOWN MARKS

.,

(?)

p blue

Jan Kuylich

KVK

f

MVC

blue

1731

p oolor

4

p bine

On ware painted style

in the

of Majolica.

An

imitation of a Savona

mark-

p red

17


Factories..

4#


Pottery and Porcelain

PEHBY.

Founded in 1751, ly W. Duesbury, who, in 1770, purchased the Chelsea Works, and, in 1781, removed the moulds and models to Derby; also Bow, 1770.

DERBY

...

..

s

p

p red

1756

...

...

s

p

p gold

1770

Duesbury.

DERBY CHELSEA

or red

Later in

lilac,

CROWN DERBY Also

then in red

...

...

type

p red

1780

D K

Duesbury and Kean

Also with

177-

or violet

without the dots

with monogram

-

h p

p gold

...

,,

.,

1798

in old English

^

1780


Factories.

133

DEJIBY ,,

In imitation of the Sevres

h p

mari

, ,

A

,,

a

workman* t

M

& imp

in oval

Stevenson

Joshua Heath.

p blue

mark

And

1798

violet

In imitation of the Chinese

Probably

p red or

$ Hancock

Cockpit Hall

DOCCIA, near Florence, Italy

...

h p

pr color

lip

p color

186-

pot

imp

1760

9

p color

1735

p

Various star marks

imp & p gold

[

183g


Pottery and Porcelain

'34 GINORI.

DOCCIA, near Florence, Italy... The founder's name

n

I>

1735

imp

The Capo di Monti mould* were transferred here about

1821

DRESDEN, SAXONY. The first European Porcelain manufactory, established by Augustus II. in 1709, under the management of fiottjer.

<3>

C/PO

DRESDEN, Saxony ,,

Augustus Rex, founder

The Caduceus

(sale

...

mark)

hp

p blue

1709

1712 to 1720

Bottger ware

And

other square

about 1718

marks

in imitation oj oriental


factories.

,

'35 hp

{Saxony...

p blue

1720

Herold, manager

1720

1730

,,

'Brulil,

manager

17Alcissen

faclur. the

porzeilen

manu*

A'so without

words.


Pottery and Porcelain DEES DEN,

p

Saxony...

p blio

17

Early mark

Sachsiche porzellen mami-

1750

factur

17-

Konigliche porzellen manu-

factur

x

1770

,,

Harcolini, manager

On

X

XX

...

white porcelain (per-

fect),

for sale.

I79G

9,

l>

blue

scratched

through

,,

On

imperfect pieces


Factories,

DRESDEN,

Un

137 p blao

b p

Saxony...

17

scratched

'imperfect pieces

through

,,

On faulty

A

table goods

modern imitation early

...

h p

imp

Wedgwood

Wedgwood$Co FERRYBRIDGE, near

18

& imp

ELBOGEN, Bohemia

see

p blue

of

mark

TJurslcm

,,

&

pot

1810


Pottery and Porcelain

FLORENCE,

Italy

..,

This varies very

,,

*

p color

p

1580

much

The arms of the Medici family. Rare marie.

... FEANKENTHAL, Bavaria The arms of. Hannong

15

hp

p bltto

&

fc

1754

of Strasbourg, removed here, 1753.

... Paul Hannong Also J. A. H. in monogram t

Carl Theodore, patron

FULDA, Germanv

...

Furstlick Fuidaisch

...

pot

hp

in/

p blue

p blue

1761

17G3 to 17SO


Factories.

t

h p

p blue

17G3

h p

p blue

170

GERA

h p

p blue

1780

GOT u *

b p

p blue

175-

h p

p

FULDA, Germany On figure?..

...

FURSTENBEEG, Germany

,,

R.

139

,,

The

F varies very

much...

Rotheribcrg, the founder

GROSBREITENBACH

Sometimes a mere flourish

r-olor

1770


1

4o

Pottery ana Porcelain

HAGUE

(THE), Holland

J Stork Town

the

Arms

...

hp

p blue

177-

hp

imp

17

pot

imp

177-

oj ihe

HALDENSTEBEN, ALT, Germany

HANLEY E. Mayer.

Lakin

fy

Poole.

Shorthose.

1776

NEALE & J.

U79

Co.

MEIGH & SONS.

NEELD.

Also Heigh

.

In imitation of Wedgwood

173-

178


Factories.

J. Keeling.

Eastwood. Shorthose

141

HANLEY

pot

imp

179-

W. Baddeley 18

Sf

Heath. T.

SNEYD, HANLEY. Mason's Ironstone

Lane Delph, near

...

,,

pr color

1813

p blue

1800

China.

HERCULANEUM HEREND.

see

LIVEKPOOL.

HEREND, Hungary Also Shield $ Crown Shield

Austria,

fy

Crown

Hungary.

of

Maurice Fischer

HESSE CASSEL, Germany

hp of

%

1839

...

h p

p blue

1763

HESSE DARMSTADT, Germany

h p

p blue

1756

HILDERSHEIM, Germany

hp

p blue

1760

...

H)


and Porcelain

Pottery

HOCHST, near Mayence, Germany h p The arms of the Archbish'm of

pot

D n ^ 3T fitd

T

&

color

Maymce

Dahl

KiEETb \S

1720

p gold

p color

1791

color

178-

&hp KIEF. Russia

pot

KIEL, Denmark

pot

...

Bu.chwald, Director Abr. Leihamer fecit

Also K. T.

G

p

177-

p gold or color

...

... KORZEC, Poland ... The mark varies very much, ,, and is sometimes usea

h p

p blue

pot

p color

1803

with the name

KREUZEN, Germany Caspar Vest

Hans

Christoplie Vest

1610 to 1GOO


Factories.

LANE END

J. Lockett.

or

LONGTON,

1

pot

43

17

imp

Staffordshire

TURNER.

1762

B. Plant.

177-

T. Harley,

pot

Lane Lnd.

& imp

1809

hp

Maf 4

1

Newld

Mayer

Sf

imp &

Ncwbold

18

pr color Bailey

$

Batlcin.

LEEDS POTTERY.

LEEDS TT'irTia '

pot

imp

pot

imp

-

18

177(?

p color

Also with name, Hartley, Green $ Co.

UlU

LILLE, France

pot

Dorez

D

is also

imp

found on

p oobr

1711

j,

174-

soft paste.

17


1

44

Pottery and Porcelain LILLE, France F. Boussemart.

pot

p color

1778

Petit

Patron, The Dauphin Leperre Duroo.

I

1729

LIMBACH, Saxe meiningen

...

h p

stcn

&

1784

p red

...

hp

p red

17G1

p gold

p coicr

LIMOGES, France

...

h p

p red

1773


Factories.

J.p

H5


Pottery and Porcelain

146 Davenport.

LONGPORT

LONGPORT.

J.

A "

pot

blurred impression of is read Liver-

^ war& in

1793

pr red

Davenport

pool

imp

mistake

imp

for

Davenport..

]

r

blue

1S05

17GO

Phillips.

LOOSDRECHT, near Amsterdam,

bp

p bine

1772

Holland

Manufactur drecht.

oude

Loos-

Moll, director

... ... LOWESTOFT No mark used by factory

I/UDWIGSBURG, Wiirtemberg yi.rf

X

Tnitial of

Duke

Charles,

sometimes used without the crown

s*hp

h p

,,

p blue

175-

1758


Factories I

!

h p

LUDWIGSBURG, Wiirtembcrg This form to

An

p blue

Madrid

antler

from

ihe

arms

,.

or red

of Wilrtemberg

Also

W. R.

p blue

...

TR

B.1

1758

is also attributed

1C06 to 1818

.

E

LUXEMBOURG, Belgium

p

pot

color.

180G

&lip

Boch, Director

MADRID -see BUEN EETIRO.

MALTA

...

MARANS, France

...

...

pot

imp

18

pot

p color

1740

colo*

1750

Jean Pierre Roussencq

MARIEBERG, Sweden u/

vi/

...

p

pot

&

s

p


Pottery and Porcelain

148

MARIEBEEG, Sweden Ehrenreich.

.

p color

pot

&

s

17*

p

c.

V c c >

MARSEILLES, France Also with C.

B

pot

p color

1777

S.

Savy

pr

Veuve Pernn

p black

17CO

color

1769

lionnefoy

.,

hp &pot

p

.,

p black

1777


Factories.

MEISSEN, near Dresden, Saxony

149 pet

imp

17

p color

1735

Boltger

DV

MENECY VILLEROT,

France...

op

&

Dulce of Villeroy

inc

p blue

18

MIDDLESBOROUGH, Yorkshire 20, the pattern mark

pot

MONTET, Franco

pot

imp

18

pot

imp

18

h p

p blue

18

hp

p color

17

Laurjorois,

...

imp

manager

MONTPELLIER, France Le Vouland

MONTREUIL, sous

bois,

Franco

Tinet

TAPKHEPt

Moscow, Russia A. Gardner

...


5

o

nonoBbi

Pottery and Porcelain Moscow, Russia -4.

...

li

7*

)

,,

F. G.

Fabrica Gospodina of our

(The factory

I^AHHA

e

p

color

1830

h p

&

pot

91

18

imp color

Lady) Galena

MOUSTIEKS, Franco

1686

p color

172-

pot

p color

173-

,,

stcn in

Olery

,,

Feraud

Guichard Also the

NANTGARW.

p

Popo/.

NANTQARW,

G

dots

only

AVales

h p

imp

&

color

1813


Factories.

NAPLES.

See

CAPO DI MONTI.

NEVERS, France

...

color

15

3)

It

1602

1636

pot

p

,,

Jacques Bourdv

,,

Denis Lefebvre

II

>t

,,

Henri Borne

>5

S>

Jacques Scigne

,,

,

Francois Rodrigue

1730

Tile mstori

1850

...


I

Pottery and Porcelain

C2

NEWCASTLE.

NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE NIEDEBVILLER,. near bourg France

...

pot

imp

18

Stras-

hp

p blue

1760

&

1

,

Baron

de

Beyerle",

pot

the

founder

X

General de Custine

,,

And

1786

...

other varieties oj the

,,

coronet

,,

Lanfray, director

fiten

...

1802

xmp

PBC Nove

NOVE

*

... NIMES, France PLantier Boncourant #

NOVE,

Italy

...

183-

pot

Co.

h p

p gold

1750


Factories.

NOVE.

h p

Italy

p gold

175

or color

NUREMBURG, Germany

Ham

,,

Kraut

...

...

pot

...

imp

155(

p blue

1578

1667

George Liebolt

b p

NYMPHENBERG, Bavaria

imp

1753

The arms of Bavaria

,,

NYON, Switzerland

...

Pierre Mulhausen, painter

p blue

,,

,,

1790

>}

18-


'54

VA

Pottery and Porcelain


Factories.

I

PARIS, France

...

'55 ...

h p

p color

1773

Gros

^yV_

,,

H

P. A.

A

Advenir Lamarre

1773

Hannong

Porcelaine de la Reine

Lelxeuf.

...

Marie Antoinette,

f

:

red

1778

n

patroness

Housel took the factory

1799

...

Guerhard

p rod

1780

&t red

1783

Due d'Angouleme, patron

Manuf"- de

MM"-

,,

Also the names in full

Guerliard et liihl

a

Paris-.

together

Nast

and

separate.

h p


Pottery and Porcelain PARIS, France Dagoty

Dagoty. Feuillet

Feuillet

...

&

J. Petit

...

Clianou

...

...

...

Schlossmacher

PERKENHAMMER,

F&R

h p

M

near Carlsbad,

hp

ji ret.

179-

blue

1790

red

1784

v gold

187-

{.

j>

color

1802

Austria Fischer

PlNXTON

P

hp

*

80

& Reichembach ...

...

attributed,

factory

but

1794

Sp

the

had no acknow-

ledged marks.

I

Pi/! MOUTH

The sign of Jupiter

h p

p blue

176-


Factories.

PLYMOUTH

...

157 ...

h p

p blue

176-

Probably Jupiter carelessly pencilled

...

...

h p

p blue

Doubtful

1770

17

POPPLESDORF, Germany

pot

QUIMPER.

imp

176-

imp

1809

Hubaudiere.

EA'IWNSTEIN, Germany

REUENSBERU or RATISBON Germany

...

hp

p blue

1760

...

hp

p bluo

17


Pottery and Porcelain

k

REGENSBERG, Germany

cr RATISBON,

EOCKINGHAM

f

See

ROUEN, France

bp

p

pot

p color

hp

jicoior

bit

.

17-

SWINTON

...

I ?A

,,

A

great

many

given as

initials are

by

Rouen marks

pr

fD EUDOLSTADT, Germany

X

Hay fork, Arms of

part

...

of the

ftchwa'ftzberg

1758


Factories, I

I

UUDOLSTADT, Germany

...

h p

p color

1758

SAINTES, FRANCE. Bernard PaU?sy unceasing

efforts

settled here

about 1538 and after

succeeded in producing the well-Known

pottery called by his

name

SAINTES, France

pot

inc

...

puC,

p

1750

...

s

imp

1702

...

pot

p bluo

1700

So attributed

ST.

AMAND, France Fauquez, director.

ST.

CLOUD,

J. B.

,,

When

b''ranc*>

Chicanneau

patronised by the king

p

,,

&sp

1702 to 1715


6o

Pottery

ST.

and Porcelain

CLOUD, France

pot

<fc

J715

p

sp

1730

Trou, director

ST.

PETERSBURG,

iiussis

h p

p bluo

Cc

6 8

174 1

17G-

17C2

Catherine 11

ft

Made

for the Palace bv

Paul

Korniloffe

rtrt

^n

p

color

1736


Factories.

ST.

hp

PETERSBURG, Russia Alexander

161

p color

1801

I.

-4 Nicholas!.

...

BPATKEBT* Brothers Korneloffski

1827

Alexander

1855

KopHMAOBblXTi

,,

ST.

sx

SAMSON, France

SCEAUX PENTHIEVRE, Franco ^ZsoSP.

Due

^L^

II,

de Penthievre.

pot

imp

s

inc

p

1750 to 1760

Lord

High Admiral, patron

pot

sp

Sceaux.

183-

p bluo

1751

1753

J.792


162

Pottery

and Porcelain

SCHAFFHAUSEN, Germany

pot

p coior

1560

Tobias Slimmer.

SCHLAKENWALD,

hp

Austria

1800

SEVEES, FBANCE. This Factory was removed from Vincennes in 1756. and, under the patronage of Madame de Pompadour

became the most celebrated in Europe. vases, etc., are

and

The

soft past*

now invaluable, owing to their form,

colour,

artistic decoration.

SEVRES, France. ,,

Royal period. Sometimes with crown. The letter

s

p

p blue

1753

indicates the year. See

TabU.

Hard paste first made

J7C8

h

Republic

And name

only

National Manufactory Marlz 1804.

Sevres

colov

1792

...

h p

st red

1803

See Table.

Imperial Manufactory tfe

&sp

...

...

1806


Factories.

SEVRES, France

163

h p

...

Imperial Manufactory.

p red

1810

stcn

& imp Louis

XVIIL

Dated with

p blue ttie

1814

year of

the century.

Charles X.

1824

...

25"

,,

On plain ware

,,

On

1829

decorated ware

JO

Sevres

From Louis Philippe. August to Decemler.

1830

30 1830, to November, 1831

p color


Pottery and Porcelain

164

I

SEVRES, France

h p

...

p blue

1334

imp or

1833

Louis Philippe

With the ahom

pr color

pr green

p red

Republic to 1851 On decorated ware.

Napoleon

III. ,

Emperor

The

1848

hp

raarat-

h

facture of soft paste was

s

pr color

&

1852

1854

p

revived 1854.

The scratch marks the piece as undecorated.

m

pr green

1861


Factories.

SEVBES.-TABLE OF DATES.


66

AA

Pottery and Porcelain


Factories.

|

/*'*

SEVRES.

Initials

Chapui?, aine

...

and Monograms

.67 of Decorators, $c.

Flowers, Birds, etc.


i68

Pottery

^^ *~F*

SEVRES. Fontaine

and Porcelain

Initials ...

and Monograms Flowers.

of Decorators,

<$c.


Factories.

XA

169


Pottery and Porcelain

/#


Factories.

p ?

1

171


Pottery and Porcelain

172

SEVRES.

Initials

and Monograms

of Decorators, $c.

Schadre

...

...

Birds and Landscapes.

Sinsson

...

...

Flowers.

...

Landscapes,

Swebach

etc.

Bineb

...

...

Flowers.

Vande

...

...

Gilding and Flowers.

Mde. Gerard Hilken

...

Vavasseur

.

Flowers and Borders.

.

...

Pastoral Subjects.

.

Arabesques

.

.

Grison

...

...

Gilding.

Micaud

...

..

Flowers, Vases

...

Landscapes and Flowers

...

Detached Flowers.

Bouillat

Joyau

...

UNKNOWN. Figure subjects, finely painted. Do.

On

fine

do.

ware, with other marks.


Factories.

SEVRES. Buteux, pere

?

...

Maries of Decorators,

Flowers and trophies.

'73


Pottery and Porcelain

'74

#


Factories.

5 6 9-


Pottery and Porcelain SEVRES. Noel

...

Choisy

...

. . .

Aubert

...

...

Martinet

.

.

Marks

of Decorators,

Flowers trophies

Flowers.

lest Painters, fyc., are

SHELTON New Hall Works and name Hackwood. 8.

,

I.

&

G.

n

pot

pr color

1820 1842

1685

,,

,,

Italics.

Miles

ASTBTJBT. E. & J. BADDELEY

.

,

.

The

M

i^c.

Flowers, medallions.

imp

17

1750

Baddeley

177-

Bell Works

RlDGWAY.

lo 1816

& W.

to 1854

J.

E.

Sincheny.

SINCENY, France

pot

p color

1733


Factories.

'77

SINCENT, France Joseph

,,

SPODE.

pot

Moulin

177-

1864

STOKE-UPON-TllENT

,,

p color

le Cerf.

pot h p

Minton

,,

On

h p

best

imp

1770

p red

p color

179-

p gold

185

or color

Porcelar

,,

Gopeland.

Copeland

Garrett, 1833.

$

pr blue

18

pr color

185-

p blue

17

Cope-

land, late Spode, 1847.

STBASBOUBG, Germany Hannong removed Frankenthal, 1754.

...

to

pot

&

h p


Pottery and Porcelain

.78

STRASBOURG, Germany

M.

...

.

pot

p blue

17

& hp ,,

Hannong.

J.

Paid

,,

Hannong. PHILLIPS &Co SUNDERLAND

pot

pr color

1780

Sunderland Pottery.

DIXON & Co.

MOORE &

1805

Co.

SOUTH WARE.

,,

Wear Pottery

1*>-

SWANSEA

n p

p color

178-

imp

18

sten rod

181-

pr red

17

SWANSEA.

X

SWANSEA

SWANSEA.

And

And with name, Dyllwyn 4-

<M

trident only

Co.

SWINTON, Eockingham The Eockingham

...

Crest.

First used about 1824.

Brameld, maker.

h p


Factories.

BF.AJHELD,

79 h p

SWINTON, Buckingham

pr red

1807

pot

p color

1820

sp

p blue

175-

&pot TOULOUSE, France Fouque, Arnoux

et Cie.

TOUKNAY, Franco

...

Tour aux oiseaux.

a potter's

Also

kiln.

V gold or blue

TOURS, France

h p

p blue

184-

pot

imp

1750

Victor Avisseau.

BOOTH.

TUNSTALL And name in

full

Enoch

Booth.

CHILD.

17(53

A. $E. Keeling.

1770

VV.

ADAT\IK.

1780


Pottery and Porcelain

i8o

TURIN,

...

Italy

...

h p

imp

1770

Vineuf, Dr. Gioanetti.

UZES, France

18-

pot

Francois Pichon.

VAL sous MEUDON, France. Mittenhof $ Mourot.

t*

179-

&

VABAQES

pot

p black

1730

or red

h p

VENICE, Italy

Ven?

CM

pr

p red

17

or blue

,,

Giovanni

Mar cone

s

p

p gold

17

or color

hp

VIENNA, Austria

...

...

The shape of the shield varies.

p rod

1765

p blue

1774

or

imp


181

Factories.

s

VINCENNES, France The Tower

9>

s

p

li

p

p ?olor

Hannong

178-

15-

fJSTS'\/l\f VILLENGEN, Nuremberg

n-/L.l/yVj

cSv

17

varies.

Hans Kraut. VOLKSTADT, Germany

hp

VOISONLIEU, France Jean Ziegler.

pot

WEDGWOOD. WEDGWOOD, Burslem and Etruria.

17G2

s-t

1839

& imp

pot

A

imp

hp

175-

1770

Wedgwood.

imp

17G8 to 1780


Pottery and Porcelain

132

WORCESTER This Factory was established, in 1751, by Dr. Wall and The invention of transfer printing on porcelain is

others.

attributed to Dr. Wall, but is also claimed for Sadler, of Liverpool,

and Dr.

Pott, of Berlin.

WORCESTER

s

p

p blue

1751

or gold

Dr. Wall

Imitation of Chinese marks

p blue or red

Many marks

are found in

this style, in imitation

of Oriental.

p

p blue or red

17-


Factories.

X

183

WORCESTER

p

Imitation Dresden marks

c

Flight

p blue

17

or red

ft

p

\)

blue

178.

and name on<v

tfipfit

Flight

,,

$ Barr

Barr ... Barr, Flight $ Ban Also FEB. and names

in full.

1793

h p

inc

1793

imp

1807


1

84

Pottery and Porcelain Factories.

WORCESTER ... And Chamberlains ,, .,

Grainger, Lee

,,

Richard

Co.

Holdship. Duorator's mafic.

RI

h

pr

t>

18

1781800

...

A

.

p color

175-

p blui

17

,)blue

1759

He

also ivorkedfor Derby.

WURZBUKG,

ibsolom Yam.

$

...

only.

Bavaria

YARMOUTH ^

.Z?,..

...

...

orator,

,,

pot

also wit''

name inj.^. ZURICH, Switzerland

hp

W.C.P.


Oriental.

1

8

ORIENTAL MARKS. CHINA. CHINESE

porcelain

Christian era

;

is

said to date from about a century before the

their pottery is of the greatest antiquity, and, like the

porcelain, is of every quality. is

there are

many

The

oldest example that can

now be

the marks could be relied on, pieces of the 10th century still to be found, but marks

of the

obtained

Ming

if

period, though,

are so easily imitated, and Chinese potters are so fond of reproducing

marks complete, that very little reliance can be placed upon them. The best periods of the manufacture of porcelain during the Ming dynasty, were old patterns with

Yun ^ 10

"

1403 to 1424

Seuen-tih

...

1426

1435

Ching-hwa

14C5

1487

Kea-tsing

1522

15G6

1573

1G19

Wan-leih

...

Egg Shell" ware was first made in the Yung-lo period. The euen-th was famous for all sorts of coloured ware.


1

Pottery and Porcelain.

86

The Ching-hwa produced the best ware and the finest This mark commands larger prices in Europe than any other. The dark rich blue of the Kea-tching and

decoration.

-f- H 7

the white granulated surface of the Wan-leili, are very " choice. Old blue China," or Nankin ware, is from the Im-

a town of potters named after King-'e, patronized the manufactory in 1004-1007. The

perial factories at King-te-chin

the Emperor,

who

first

ware bore the "six mark" dates until 1667, when they were forbidden by an edict from the governor of the province, lest any piece being broken, the Emperor's name might be profaned by being carelessly thrown on the dust heap. This blue ware was made by direction of the

Emperor, who ordered

it

to be of the colour of the sky after the winter

rains.

The marks on Chinese work are seldom either Factory or Painter's M. Stanislas Julien gives the mark of a potter of the Wan-leih period, named Hao-chi-lihieoii, who excelled in writing verses and in painting he appears to have taken religious vows and lived in retire, ^, -^ ment; his mark is Ou-in-tao-jin. Ou, the hermit. M. marks.

;

" six " sold by Pei-tcliing, iPf H?. Jacquemart mentions a mark," made by Kien-ki." Some of those given are no doubt In3\ makers' names as San-yuh, Mountain of Gems but the marks most commonly found are in four or six characters, and denote

AH5?

;

the date of the manufacture.

The "six mark" may be made out from the

much

table of dates without

trouble, except from badly formed characters, handwriting being

as varied in China as elsewhere.

Chinese writing

is

reading downwards.

arranged in columns commencing at tne right, If in a horizontal line it reads from right to left.


Oriental,

The

first

and second characters of the "

woo- TA EN-

MING

the dynasty, thus

E

C

/t

|

"ifc

six

mark " show

TA

(

' :

the third and fourth, the peri od

n en haou), name of the years; the fifth signifies and the sixth made thus, Ta-Ming, Hung!qpl year, 'e

/

:

J|| Great Ming (illustrious) dynasty, Hungwoo, years; made. 13G8 to 1398. Or arranged thus, Ta. Ming, Seuen-tth, neen, che. Made in the Seuen-tih period

woo, neen che. KEEN SEUEN-TA

of the

CHE-TiH-MING

Ming dynasty. 1426 to The next example is

Ta

Ts'hing, Yung-ching, neen, die, Great Ts'hing (pure)

dynasty Yung-ching period.

mark "

is

dynasty

it

dates

1435.

;

it

neen, che,

The

1723 to 1735.

more troublesome, as

does not

it

*'

give

four

the

necessitates a search through the whole list of is

read in the

made

same order, thus

:

King-till

in the King-tih period, about 1004 to

1007.

The square marks called the Imperial Seal, which have been in use from the beginning of the last century, are read in the same way; they are written in an archaic character that is only understood by antiquaries, and are usually very badly done.

In the

list

best examples that could be obtained,

given, from the

it will

be seen that

second, fifth and sixth, which should be alike in all, vary considerably; "four mark" seals are also given which show similar

the

first,

variations.


i88

Pottery and Porcelain

Dates are also written thus \

:

Wan-leih pah r>&n che.

Wan-leih eighth year, made 1580.

4 All these

* *E

Ween year

;

may be known and

che, to

as dates by the last characters, make, form or fashion.

used, Neen tsaou,

made

in the time of the Great

Ming

Sometimes another character

is

or make.

Ta Ming-she-heen, made

government. An example was found that probably read thus but it was too confused to be read with certainty :

;

the piece waa modern ware.

Ta Ming neen This

is

also to

che,

made

in the years of the Great Ming.

be found, but

Another mode of dating

is

is

probably a modern mark.

by the cycle of

but as only the year of the cycle

is

given

sixty years, it

does not

identify the period.

24th year

...

...

p blue


Oriental.

One example was written thus-

Woo The

shin necn chc, 5th year

column

first

is

p blue

called the ten celestial stems,

the second the twelve terrestrial branches.

and

The twelve

"branches" are the Chinese Zodiac: The Rat, Bull, Tiger, Eabbit, Dragon, Serpent, Horse, Sheep,

Cock,

Dog and

characters

Boar.

The ten " stems "

Monkey,

are double

they are allied to the five Chinese elements Water, Fire, Wood, Metal and Earth. This system is also used in Japan and Siam. The 76th cycle commenced :

;

in 1864.

if " If ft

53

OPT

57


190

Pottery The most

and Porcelain.

interesting of these dates Yew sin-choiv ne'^n che.

5 m

is

that used in

Made

in the Sin chow year again (recurring). The Emperor Kang-he came to the throne in the 38th year of the 68th cycle, and died in 1722. He therefore had reigned for a whole cycle on the recurrence of the 38th year in 1721, an

the year 1721,

event unexampled in Chinese history.

In a later example the date

is

given both by the year

of the Emperor, and the year of the cycle. T'hung-cJie sJuh

urh necn.

Kwci

yew, 12th year of The llth

10th year of cycle = 1874.

T'hung-che.

year also commences in 1874.

DATES. TA MING Dynasty

Seuen-te

ISA

*

Hung- woo

1368

Keen-wan

1399

Yung-lo

1403

..

Ching-t'hung

King-tae

...

* T'heen-shun

1426

1436

1150

1457

'

Ching-hwa ... 14G5 Hung-he * Some authorities reverse these two periods they both who was taken belong to the Emperor Yung Ching, held captive for seven yearf. prisoner by the Tartars, and


Oriental.

$&

191


Pottery and Porcelain.

T'huvg-che

m

IMIIII

Kang-he

...

...

1861

1662

$IDJ

Four Characters. Ching-hwa... 14;^ Probably a forgery

.

11

Keen-lung

Kea-king

i

1723

Yung-ching

...

...

Shun-che

...

1641

Zeen-Zttnflr

...

1736

1736

1796

j/

Taou-ku-ang

1822

Han-fung

1851

...

loP!

Taou-kwang

1822

1*5.1

Thung-che...

fl luuii!

Han-fung

...

1851

1861

Two CharactersName only. r/mnsr-c/tc...

186!


Oriental.

193

BAT. Fuh, used as a synonym

for happiness.

DRAGON, With

an Imperial emblem, with and with three, of the nobility.

five claws, is

four, of

the blood royal, Lungfung, a dragon and a phoenix (divine bird of felicitous omen), was a mark of the Scuen-to period, 1426 to H35.

FISH. The two fish, an emblem of domestic felicity, is a mark usually found on old blue or Nankin ware it is one of the earliest known, from 969 to 1106. Cups with ;

handles in the form

of-

a red fish are of the Scucn-tc

period.

FLOWER. Many

varieties of this

A

in colours.

a vase, &c.,

The Che

is

plant, a

of longevity.

mark

are found in blue

and

also

sesamuin flower painted under the foot of a mark of Tou-chcou, 969 to 1106.

kind of fungus, used as an emblem


Pottery ana Porcelain.

Emblem

of longevity.

(?)

Bat and peach.

(?)

The

lotus.

Hoa, a small flower p vnted

inside a cup, is a

Yung-lo period, 14-3 to 1424.

a vicious sense.

FLY, Or

Butterfly, ia found

mark

of the

It signifies pleasure in

on old " Nankin."


Oriental.

'95

GRASS. Tho " grass mark" is probably a water plant. About some such mark was used to denote ware of the

A.D. 960

best quality.

INSCRIPTIONS.

A great

variety are to be

met with on old porcelain, mark is found.

often in the place where the European

Some are compliments and good wishes; others are in praise of the articles inscribed many are quotations from ;

the poets and classical authors of not exemplified.

all ages.

These

last are

Small white cups thus marked were used by the Emperor Kea-tsing, 1522 to 15G6.

Tsew, wine.

Keen, rectitude. Mark of an early period, said to be on articles sent to disgraced Mandarins.

Show, long "

life.

May you

This live

is

a

for

common ever,"

Oriental compliment,

and

occurs

oftcner

than any other character. It has many variations sometimes a piece of pottery or porcelain is marked " the with a hundred or more j these are called ;

hundred sliow."


196

Pottery

and Porcelain.

Varieties of Show.

Longevity.

/*y _>_^%

ffl

\/

jj

flm

\7

03

I

OS) \Jy

\/

i

M \y

/)If\

\/ jii

CT3

AIA

/03\

if?

*

in

m

m

*

va/

/s\

/ffiil

m iiFr^

^ .fj (il

t \/

*


Oriental. Show,

In

is also

^/tow; this

m

drawn

form

197

in circular, oval

is

known

and elongated forms.

as the spider mark.

Happiness, divine protection,

Also written in

II ii

many

mm m

felicity.

different ways.


198

Pottery

and Porcelain.

Luh (

Prosperity, wealth, great possessions

m

A,

and

found together. Prosperous.

Kc'ih

Felicity, |

31

^

often indistinct,

I

Wan

/

Literature.

I

Hing

DP

(?)

Ke

good luck.

Jade, a gem, beautiful, precious, valuable, &c. , known as the F mark, being

On

and

articles

like that letter.

made

for use of

literarymen,therulingclass of Cliina. Exalted, highly esteemed.

A

vessel, vase, ability, capacity.

Paou

Precious, valuable.

Ting

Perfect.

Shun

Elegant.


Oriental.

199

Koo

Antique.

Shing

Holy.

Tsuen

Complete, perfect, a name.

King

Good, excellent, congratulations.

Ch'ha

Name. The

which are long

life,

riches, health, the love of virtue,

and

five blessings

:

a natural death.

Precious or valuable jade.

Yuh

Jade of great value pearl of great

chin

;

/ This I

Wan

yuh

is

price.

an example of the way marks

are usually written.

Kare jade.


2OO

Pottery Chin ivan

(

A A

and

Porcelain.

precious rarity. valuable curiosity.

Veritable jade. Chin

An

Yew wan

elegant rarity.

Great prosperity,felicity or good fortune. Western jade. The best jade comes to China from the West. A pivot, and the most

m

)

>

/% yuh

)

expression for the house of another. Palace of the centre of the universe mark used 1260-1367. polite

Choo foo

Keang Cang

Ginger preserved in syrup. Inexpressibly precious. Paoushing

A Tsaou,

fang

fruit (colled dates,

by

Europeans) in syrup Choiv Chow. Both marks of the Keatsing period, 1 522-66.

The

Tung gan

Name Red The

arrival of friends.

imp on old olive

cinnamon.

Tcwei

taphor for honours.

Yung ching

Name

is

Yew

lae

Tan

Jcwei

ware.

a meliterary

"1

I

f

p blue on old ware.


201

Oriental.

Trr

,

.

,

.

Wei foo china

Made

f \

I

of)

to multiply (or increase the stock L J v veined jasper.

"HALL" MARKS. There has been some uncertainty as to the exact meaning of the word tang, but Mr. Franks has ascerit means the name of the establishment at which the specimens so marked were made.

tained that

Jin ho kwan

Hall of brotherhood and peace.

Lull

Waving bamboo

e

tang

/

tang ) I

hall.

Hall for the honourable reception of those who have gone before. Hall of ancestors.

Kheytih

Made

at the Hall of rare jade.

Made

at the Hall of brilliant colours.

tang die

Tsae jun tang che


2O2

Pottery CVmw/

and Porcelain.

tih \

Made

at the Hall of virtuous research.

|"

tang die

}

Made

at

Hall of

the

* f

advantage. ll

\e

Ulade f

at

the Hall

Made

at the

abundant

t*

Tze

tze

tang die

\ J

01

the jewelled girdle.

Madc

ftt

Hall

off

jade.

(^

the Hall of the

at the

Hall

Ta

King

tang die

J

(

sni P ant^ veneration.

at the encourageinentof harmony Hall.

Full

Yue

Tang

Yan9 ho j \

tang die

\

Tlie

illustrious

Fo's (or

dience or prayer.

9

tang die

Made at the Hall of wor-

Made

Ming

sh

ofj

the great tree. }

tang die

violet embroidery.

Made

v-ei

1'***"*

Buddha)

hall of

au-


Oriental.

Beautiful vase (or excellent vessel) of the jade hall the Academy.

kca ke

Shin

203

till

Made

at the Hall of the cultiva-

tion of virtue.

tang che

Antique made at sJiin ^ the Shin lih \ J

Hall.

Tseushunmei

flfe

che

King tSen tang fang koo che

FfiU

Fuh kwci .^.

^

chang chun

& boo che

Made at the Hall of beautiful jade.

C Imitation of antiques (

^^

Hall,

named

made

at the

King

after a distinguished

Wealth, honours, and a long spring time, or lasting youth.

F*h ku ci '

Wealth, honours,

and long

life, j

Mng ming

cj

Teen kican

May heaven tsze fall

R

)

Men

&,

tang

)

f

yuh tang

till

confer happiness.


204

Pottery

wan

and

Porcelain.

Wonderful precious

A gem Ching yew

ya

tsc'ih

Pokoo

J/L*

chin

wan

Wan yuh paou ting

Wan

shang

Shan tow

Mei yuh ya

stone, resembling

a jewel.

jou

che

Nan

rare as jade.

The elegant

of the

collections

For the learned in antiquities, a valuable curiosity.

Elegant, perfect and precious ting, or metal vase used for burning joss stick or incense.

Scholarship lofty as the Hills and the Great Bear.' Compliment comparing the recipient to the mountain Tae Shan

and the north pole or

Made

star,

Pih tow.

for the connoisseur of beautiful

jade.

chuen

kin yuh

Holy

Friends.

The elegant jade of Nan

chuen.


Oriental.

>/l\ t/ffl

205


2O6

Pottery Yung

and

Porcelain.

cliing

Made yu

Leen

cliing

Yung

ching.

\ (?)

khe how

&J6

for the service of

}

die

Name.

)

Jo shin

Deep

This mark

is

like a treasury

ems

of

chintsangf

"

of frequent occurrence, but

is

usually

very indistinct.

Keih tscang

As JOU

C

Khe

fortunate as you can desire.

}

she

paou

\ \

tiny che chin

}

A gem among ,

stone

'

precious vessels of rare


Oriental.

1

ting die chin

Chung

J

?

/&

A gem among

iia

-he

I

precious vessels of rare

J acle '

yeumei^ For

w

207

thfl

possessor of a true and faitllful

near t this elegant

Showpc nan shan, Long

life

gem was made.

as south mountain.

Fou jou tung

hai, Happiness similar east sea.

Nan-shan

a mountain in Fong-lfiesang-foii. The inmay be read, May you live to be as old as

is

scription

the is

hills,

and your happiness be

as great as the sea

wide.

LEAF. The

mark

common on

pieces of every period probably a leaf of the artemisia, an emblem of good leaf

augury.

is

very

;


208

Pottery

I

and

Porcelain.


Oriental.

209

RABBIT, moon, found on old Nankin ware, an emblem of longevity.

or Hare, sacred to the

SACRED AXE, probably the symbol Fuh embroidered on the Emperor's sacrificial robes ; perhaps an equivalent for Full, Happiness.

so called,

it is

SHELL, a Buddhist emblem,

A shell

was lent by the Government

to the ambassadors to Loochoo, to ensure

prosperous voyage.

SQUARE. Faon.

Precious, valuable.

them

a


Pottery

and Porcelain.

Kwo, National or Governmental.

Te shan, name.

Shan

On

yiih or

Shan wang, name.

old ware, dragon pattern. I

Found on

old

Nankin ware

;

imitated by factories of

Europe.

Maker

or decorator's

Chinese.

Le Chih, name.

mark.

Called House marks by the


211

Oriental.

The Chung-kuh

Chung-kith she

Fou kwci

\

kea

'>

Ice

wong

or

Jce

j

family.

Beautiful vase for the wealthy and or wealth, honours, and a noble ;

vast intellect or rapacity.

Ling Chang

Made by Ling tsee

Chang-tsee.

tsaou

Chin chow Valuable (vase) to explain the future. she ts-uen

Jo shin

Deep

like a treasury of gems.

chin tsang

Made by Heae chuh choo jin

tsam

(or for) the lord of the

bamboos.

Heae

is

the

name

Heac

of the

place where Ling Lun, minister of the fabulous Emperor Hwang Ti, cut

bamboos to form musical instruments.

Tsun Chin

Name.


212

Pottery

and

Porcelain.

Examples of marks on Canton ware, possibly to represent the Imperial

12345

' '

Seal.

of recent date "

SYMBOLICAL ORNAMENTS.

Pa-paou.

The eight precious

6

things.

Pearl or "tide jewel." 2. Probably a coin as an emblem of riches 4. Variant of last 01 Probably one of the dual symbol (?) the female. male of dual symbol. 5. King, emblem of happiness or luck. 6. Pro 8. Leaf of artemisia, emblem ol bably books. 7. Rhinoceros horns. 1.

3.

good augury.


213

Oriental.

Pa

die siang.

The

eight lucky

emblems

of the Buddhists.

chank shell. 3. San, State umbrella. Chung, a bell. 2. Lo, a the lotus, this is always without fillets. Kae, a canopy. 5. Hwa, 7. Yu, two fishes uuited by fillets, may a vase with cover. 6. These 8. Chang, an emblem of longevity. signify domestic felicity. decoration. are found as marks, and are also used in 1.

14

,

emblems

all Wan-tsc, Ten thousand things, everything, The "swastika" or fylfot cross of Buddha.

creation.

;

fortune. King, an emblem of good

This

is

also intended to give forth a

it is

used as a tuning fork

;

it

sound when struck

;

has been mistaken for

a Masonic emblem. inscribed Full, happiGourd, an emblem of longevity, ness, in

"Grass"

character.

Joo-c, or sceptre of longevity,

and musical instruments.


Pottery

and

Porcelain.

bat, the peach is an emblem of longevity and the bat of happiness, here they symbolise the phrase Fuh slwiv shwany chucn, a two-fold perpetuation of

Peach and

happiness and longevity.

Pi, a pencil, ting, a cake of ink, joo-e, a sceptre of

longevity symbolizing the phrase, things be fixed as you desire.

Pi

ting joo

c.

May

Paou.

Pencil and roll of paper.

Precious things.

TABLE.

Many ware.

varieties of this

It

and other

mark

was imitated by

are found

on old Nankin

Delft, Dresden, Worcester,

factories of Europe. Mr. Franks is of opinion a four-legged vase with a high ear on each side. Probably a wedding cup.

that

it is


Oriental.

1

1

5

These figures occur so often on old ware, especially that sacrificial use, that a few words may be given

intended for

to explain their purport.

The unbroken

line Yang, represents the masculine or the divided line Yin, the feminine or imperThe group of four is called the Eze-seang or

perfection fection.

;

four similitudes

;

the eight are the Pa-qua or eight sym-

circle was added by Choiv, a member Sung dynasty, who analysed and explained them. The circle represents the original principle, the waved line dividing it makes the dual power or the active and

bols of Foh-he.

The

of the

passive principles of creation, this

when

it is

called the Tae-Tceih,

produced a male power, when at rest From these were generated four visible

in action,

a female power.

forms which represent in the innumerable combinations of the eight symbols, the changes and transmutations that take place in nature and in the affairs of the world.


2

1

6

Pottery

and

Porcelain.

JAPAN. THE manufacture of pottery is said to date from B.C. 660. A factory The first good glazed was established by Corean potters A.D. 200. pottery was made at Seto about 1230, by Toshiro, who had learnt the Porcelain is said to have been first made by Gorodaytt art in China. Shonsui, who also studied in China, and on his return in 1513 settled in Hizen.

The great centre of the Japanese manufacture is in the province of where twenty-five villages are congregated on a mountain which

Ilizcn,

affords a plentiful supply of material for their work. have, however, their peculiar wares, some of which are

Other

districts

undoubtedly of

great antiquity.

The marks used

in

Japan are usually the name of the factory sometimes all are given.

the maker or decorator

or of

;

DATES are

marked

period

is

same fashion as the Chinese, sometimas the year of the

in the

written

:

1580

-u

-ju.

Y

'_

As a rule it may be assumed that when an article Nipon it is a modern production. Chinese periods are work made after Chinese patterns.

is

1653

marked Dai

to be

found on


Oriental.

217


218

Pottery

Kwam-bun

lH IE

1*1 '13

w

and Porcelain.


Oriental.

219

Asahi, Uji, established 1644-47.

Asa-hi,

Morning

light,

colour of the ware

so

named ...

from

imp

...

Min-pci. Avvaji, established

about 1840 by Ka-sliiu Min-pci.

Nipon (Made by) Kashiu Sanpei in Ka-shiu

Awaji, Japan.

San-pci

AWATA. Awata, see Kioto.

Banko ra,

Kichibei, established by, 1652-60 at

near Tokio,

known

as

Yedo Banko, now

Koume-mu-

closed,

imp

Ise Banko.

^.

tB

Nipon Bartlo. Shiba-ta

\ Made by Shibata Banko,

tsukuru

J

Japan

...

imp

DanTco.

Articles

known

as

Banko ware

arc

Kmvana, Yokka-ichi, and neighbourhood.

now made

at


220

Pottery

and Porcelain.

Nipon

imp Yiu

sctsu

Shi-gen,

F* fe

name

m

t?o

\Noteasy

...

Difficult.

Nai yasui

J

Banko, The eminent of flowers

Go-so,

name

...

...

...

inc

...

imp

Bizen, supposed date, B.C. 97-30.

At Imbe-mura a llo-kci sci,

Fujina, i

kiln has been worked since 1390.

Made by commonly

Fujina, Matsuye. Un-yei, name.

Rokei, modern mark. called

Idsumo

ware.


221

Oriental. Hirato, Mikawaji, Hizen, established 1655-57.

The ware was made

for the use of a prince of the

Matsu-ura family, not for Ilirato,

sale.

Mikawaji,

Hirato Shi-aye tsukuru, Shiaye maker.

Mikawaji.

Mori Cliikara tsUkuru. Hirato.

tome yaJcu, The honourable close of burning.

The prince

closed the factory

may have been

A

Hizen.

this province,

Ilezen

the last

large

;

the article so marked

fired.

number of

kilns have been

Nisid Hczcn Arita yama, West Hezen.

Nan-di

in

Arita is an important town where noted kilns are situated. Kami, name.

Arita Ka-mi.

many

worked

but only those so marked are named here.

sci,

Made by Nandi.


222

Pottery

and

Porcelain.

Shin-po tsuknrn, Made by Shinpo.

Reki-san tsukuru,

f *

v^

%

Made by

Rekisan.

Hizen.

Sara yama.

Fuka-gawa (sci omitted), Made by gawa at Arita.

(

Yeizayemon} Fuka-

;n

Fukami (Suminosukt}. Fukami, Arita

;

Japan.

also

C_j_ ^~

Fuka with Hczen and

Eishu Arita. Ten-tai tsukuru,

Made by

Tentai.

Great


Oriental.

Z6-shun

**

Sam-po

223

tci.

sci,

Made by Sampo

at the

Zoshun

(inclosure of Spring) Hall.

JEW Z6-shun

^

tci.

Made by

Sai-chi tsukuru,

Arita ware

also

is

Saichi.

known

as Imari.

Nichi Hizen.

/MflE FuJca-gcvwa

Made by Fukagawa

sci,

Nichi Hizen.

Imado, Tokio.

On Okawaji

Origin

of

ware.

unknown

mp

Go'Saburo, name.

Kaga

or

Kutani ware, established about 17th century.

Kutani, The nine valleys

Kutani

...

...

..

p red

p gold


224

Pottery Kutani tsukuTU

and Porcelain.

t

M.atle at

Kutani

red

Kaga

Kaija

Kutani

Kaga Kutani

tsukuTU

, ,

..*

H

'&

,

.

.

p red

p black

Dai Nipon, Great Japan. Kutani

~F

...

sei,

Made

at

Mack

Kutani

Kutani Bokuzan, name

...

p blue

a/ Kutani,

in

centre

the

name To

decorator

Dai Nipon. To zan no

in, Seal of

a ...

ti/

Tozan

...

p red


Oriental.

To-zan

225 pred

Kiyo-zan,

name

Pon-zan

imp

,,

Diwo-zo

To-wo

Kutani

p red

sei,

Made

at Kutani.

Kaga, Na-Tcen. Kaga Long house

Dai Nipon Kutani, omitted. UcTii-umi kichi-zo,

name

p black


Pottery

Fw-zcwi,

,

and Porcelain.

name, Yuzan Hall, KutanL

happiness

Are often found on Kaga ware.

Roku, riches

/

life

Ju, long

A

erected potter entitled Nin-sei, 1644-51, kilns in various places ; amongst them were those still working at Awata, Kinkozan, and Kiomidzu. Kioto.

Nin-sei,

Mark

Awata Nipon

of

Nonomura Ninsei about 1650

imp

ware.

Kioto, Japan, Kioto.

Kin

ko zan tsukuru,

Kin

ko zan

.

Made by Sobei Kinkozan

. . .

p gold

imp


Oriental.

227

Ichi-gaya.

Tan-zan,

Mark

Tanzan

...

Iiva-kura-zan,

Ho

zan,

name

of Seikai Tanzan

Mark

of

I.

Kichibeye

imp

...

p black

...

imp


228

Pottery

and Porcelain.

Ken-zan t Mark of Ogata Shinsho, about 1730...

...

...

...

p brown

Kiomidzu ware. Sei lean ji,

Name

of village

whence came

the maker.

Ddhctchi,

m A

name

imp

(Takahashi D.)

...

...

inc

Kan-zan, name, K. Denshichi...

04 Sei-fu,

name

With "Great Japan," "maker,"

Ki-tei,

name,

...

...

Wake

Kitei.

etc.

p


Oriental.

229

Wakayama, an old-established kiln

Kishiu ware.

;

wares greatly improved in 1827.

Kai-raku

}

yen-sai

,,

,

,.. Made

f

at

,

the garden of

mingled enjoyment

}

...

imp

Shu-ka Do, Early flower Hall. Yeiraku ware, made at an old establishment by the Riyozen (the 10th generation) was the

Zengoro family. first

to

make

with the

porcelain.

title

Yeiraku, seals used as marks. ^

The Prince of Kii honoured him and presented him with the

The branch

factory of the river.

Seal

used by Yeiraku Riyozen about 1810.

Yci-raku, Perpetual enjoyment.

Dai Nipon. Yca-raJcu tsukivru.

Makuzu, near Kioto. Fu-ji yo,

Made

at the Fuji kiln of

Ma-kuzu tsukuru.

Makuzu.


and

Pottery

Makuzuyo

Porcelain.

...

p blue

...

...

Ko-zan tsukuru, Made by Kozan at the Makuzu

kiln.

Of great antiquity, believed that Giyeji, the inventor of the potter's wheel, was the first to work here. Minato ware, near Saki, Idsumi.

it is

Minato yaki, Minato ware

Mino ware. Worked made in 1810. Nipon Mi

i\

...

in 17th century.

imp

...

Porcelain

Made by

first

the pro .

vince of

Kaito

Raku

ware, used in the tea ceremonies.

Introduced

He settled at by a Corean named Ameya, 1658-69. Taiko Kioto, and worked with clay found at Juraku. Hideyoshi honoured the son of Ameya, Chojiro, with a seal engraved RaTcu, enjoyment, since which it is called Raku

yaki,

Sen-raku

and marked with a

"\

>

yen

sei

)

Made

seal so inscribed.

Seal at the Senraku garden. used by Chojiro Kichizayemon of the llth generation.


Oriental.

6hi

Raku, Ohi-machi, Kaga.

231 Founded 1680 by

Chozayemon.

OM,

seal

used by the fourth C.

Osaka Raku, made by Kikko, 187-. Kitzu-ko or Kikko.

Tokio Raku, made by Kozawa Benshi, who

is still

working. Ni-pon, To-kio\

MoRaku-ho Sado ware.

J

JaP an

Made

of a material found in the mines

;

and in Japan is valued both as a Small curiosity and as having some medicinal quality. portions are broken off, crushed in the mouth and the ware

is scarce,

swallowed for no special disorder, but simply as a good thing to take.

Sado kin gin zan wo moltci mu-mci di kore wo tzukuru. Made of an unnamed material found in the gold and silver mines of Sado.


Pottery

and

Porcelain.

Sho ju

May you

live 1000 years.

sen nen

Jo-zan, name.

All written on the soft clay with a point.

The Prince brought

Satsuma, established 1467-86.

when

potters from Corea about 1592,

ware was

first

made.

No mark

the well-known

found on old ware.

is

Satsu-ma.

Naka-jima

(sei),

Made by N.

...

...

Seto, Owari, of great antiquity

;

p gold 187-

date unknown.

Dai Ni-pon. Se-to sei,

Nipon,

Kawa

Made

Seto.

at Seto, Great Japan.

Japan, Seto.

moto, Masu-kichi tsuTcuru,

Made by M. Kawamoto.


2 33

Oriental.

Dai Hi-pon, Great Japan Han-mTci

Nipon,

sei,

...

...

p blue

Made by Hansuke Kawamoto.

Seto.

(?)

Sei-getsa,

name

of a celebrated painter of porcelain.

Ai-wo, name.

LU.

Sin-nan fude, name of decorator.


234

Pottery

and Porcelain.

U4 Yama-moto Sho-tan, Name of a celebrated painter of porcelain.

Seto-Suke, Yokkaichi, established 1764-80.

I

Se-to-sukt,

Name

of factory.

Shiba.

i* i

Resident of

SMba

in ToJcei.

Sei-un-tei, Factory.

Hikomaro, name

...

...

...

p black

Soma ware, Naga-mura. It is a popular belief in Japan that this is the oldest ware made there, and the possessors of specimens prize them highly. The running horse with which they are decorated probably dates from 1670. So ma, name

imp


Oriental.

riga,

name

235

imp

Kanc-shige

name Tokio.

Dai Ni-pon. Dio-to

sei,

Maker's name

..

p blue

..

p

Tokio.

Matsu-moto

Name yashi-nobo

red

)

Both marks on one

piece.

Dio-to, Maker.

Toyo-ura ware, Nagato, established 1716-35.

Toyo-ura yama,

Name

of factory

Tozan ware, Himeji. Hime-ji

sei,

Made

at Himeji.

...

imp


236

Pottery

and Porcelain. FLOWER.

Many old

varieties of this

and of recent

mark occur on

porcelain both

date.

LEAF.

And

other varieties are often found on porcelain.

INSCRIPTIONS Of a similar character

to the Chinese are found

on

all

kinds of ware.

Dzou, long So-wo,

life.

name

...

Kami sci, Kami, maker

...

RaTcu-masa tsukuru

...

name

imp

pblue

pred

maker.

,,

Huji-nori,

hp

...

,,

pblue


Oriental.

AP

237


238

Pottery

To giyoku yen Gosuki

and

Porcelain.

Made by Gosuki

at the jade

pottery house,

sei

The Chinese dates Seuen-tih and Ching-hica are often found on Hezen ware decorated with old Nankin patterns.

Made

n*.

h p p blue / *

rr

~*

WR

in the Gen-ki years 1570-73.

Kame yama The work

of

Kameyama.

Zo no

Fuku-sJiun ken

_

Made by Giyokusei Spring House.

GiyoTcu-sd

sei

at

Returning


Oriental.

239

Ki-to Teen

Made by Hokuhan Hoku-han

at

the Curious

Pottery House. sei

SQUARE. Called House Marks.

Haict,

name

)

of a factory

...

...

mountain middle, name

,,

Yeh-san or one mountain, name Itsi-yama

Ka,

j

felicity.

Goa, strong,

name

hp

..

p red

p blue


240

Pottery

and Porcelain.

All on blue decorated ware called Hezen ; marks such as these are found in great variety, they often differ in a set of cups and saucers that are evidently from the

same hand. Eoku, wealth. Aoi, blue.

This appears to be "happiness."

M

IIP

So-wo, name.

Fuku, happiness.

VASE. This curious mark

is

impressed and coloured

;

it

re-

and is inpresents a sacred vessel used in sacrificing scribed with the characters Fuku, happiness, and ju, longevity.

^3259

4

o


-

i

.


BINDING SECT. JUN NK 215 H6

j

5

Hooper, William Harcourt A manual of marks on pottery and porcelain

PLEASE

CARDS OR

DO NOT REMOVE

SLIPS

UNIVERSITY

FROM

THIS

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Hooper Phillips POTTERY PORCELAIN 1894.pdf