Page 1

ARCHITECTURAL PALIMPSEST Rethinking the Architecture School

Juan Manuel Gatica Garicoits


2


ARCHITECTURAL PALIMPSEST Rethinking the Architecture School

Juan Manuel Gatica Garicoits 3


Master Thesis Project - Spring 2017 Rethinking the Architecture School Advisor: Prof. Henry Rueda Critics: Nikolay Nedev (FIU), Glenda Puente (FIU), Kristian Ceballos Ugarte (FAU UCV-Invited),Franco Micucci (FAU UCV-Invited) Florida International University Date: April 21, 2017 Author: Juan Manuel Gatica Garicoits Š All Right Reserved - Drawings, sketches, collages made in this book are made by the author, unless otherwise indicated 4


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to begin by thanking my family for their relentless moral support throughout my academic years. I would also like to thank my friends in Uruguay for their encouragements, words of wisdom and for keeping me going through this career from the distance. A special thank you to my thesis advisor, Henry Rueda, for his commitment and dedication since our first meeting in seminar onward. Finally, I would like to thank my classmates and professors at FIU, for their challenging critiques and helpful suggestions; I wish all of you the very best in your future endeavours. 5


DEDICATION For my grandparents Luis Garicoits and Teresita Quagliotti de Garicoits 6


CONTENTS

1 _ INTRO 2 _ SEMINAR RESEARCH

RESEARCH / ANALYSIS

3 _ FAU UCV 4 _ WHAT IF? 5 _ PALIMPSEST

CONCEPT / STRATEGIES

6 _ DESIGN OPERATIONS 7 _ SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION

DESIGN INTERVENTION

8 _ FINAL INTERVENTION

7


CARAMELO HALL - FAU USP - 1969 Cred: Somewhere in Google

8


1 _ INTRO

Architecture as a discipline is in constant change. In recent years, the digitalization of the discipline opened new paradigms in the design field. Together with the advancement of design tools and software development, new technologies in fabrication and construction processes enbabled fast transformations in the industry. Architectural education has also transformed its core curriculum to incorporate new methodologies, systems, educators, topics and materials. The influence is expansive toward whole communities, creating new cities, and improving the lives of others. Architecture schools are also engaged in new modalities of social responsibility initiatives. But how do the existing Architecture School as a building-structure adapts to the new ways of thinking, working, learning and researching?

9


FADU URUGUAY - BV. ARTIGAS PERSPECTIVE Cred: FADU-UDELAR Media Library

10


2 _ SEMINAR RESEARCH

The Seminar research consisted on a scenario for the study of different Architecture Schools around the world in order to formulate a cohesive Thesis Argument for the Thesis project, by formulating a Problem and Methodology in the design process. Research started with a thorough mapping exercise of possible sites, visiting archives and reading each case as a Lab. The research includes different analysis such as typologies, cities and buildings, using case studies and precedents through a variety of representational media and architectural conventions. The studio worked on Historical and Building analysis. Education was also a topic during the seminar, revising and studying different positions of Architects such as Mies van der Rohe, Vilanova Artigas, Frank Lloyd Wright, Carlos Raul Villanueva, Bernard Tschumi and others.

11


Facultad de Arquitectura Diseño y Urbanismo - Universidad de la República (FADU-UDELAR) Location: Montevideo, Uruguay Architect: Román Fresnedo Siri Date: 1947

12


BUILDING AXONOMETRIC

OPEN COURTYARDS

CIRCULATION THORUGH OPEN AND CLOSED GALLERIES AROUND THE COURTYARDS

STUDIOS FACING THE STREET MAXIMIZING DAYLIGHTING

13


PATIO CARRE Cred: Marcos Guiponi

14


ESTANQUE Cred: Somewhere in Google

15


NORTH FACADE PERSPECTIVE Cred: Carlos Raul Villanueva: un moderno en Sudamerica

16


3 _ FAU UCV

The Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo of the Universidad Central de Venezuela (FAU UCV) was the building chosen for the study and development of the Final Thesis Project. Covering an area of approximateley 50,000 sq. meters, this building, fundamental in Carlos Raul Villanueva’s work, was conceived under a very personal principle that readopted the academic theories from the Bauhaus school. Six clearly defined working areas -composition, construction, painting and sculpture, urban planning, and theory- are assembled around the nine-story central tower which is visible from any point of the Ciudad Universitaria thanks to its form, color, and tridimensional treatment. The 9-story tower, erceted on an articulated concrete frame, is a clear Corbusian reference. The treatment of the facades of the tower is very unique. The North facade opens to the mountain with a rythmic brisesoleil to mitigate sun exposure. The South facade is mostly composed by fixed concrete sunshades that provide protection from the intense tropical light. The West and east facades are completely closed. On these two immense, 9-story high, monolithic walls, two Alejandro Otero murals are supported. The geometric play of blue in the pieces dematerialize the weight of the architectural body. The first floor acts as a covered public plaza of multiple purposes, implied by different changes in scale and levels. These various elements articulate the modern discourse of spatial fluidity, moving from one situation to the next without abrupt changes. The brutalism and crudeness of this building was conceived by Villanueva as an exercise proper to this type of architecture at the time.* * Carlos Raúl Villanueva: un moderno en Sudamérica - Fundación Galería de Arte Nacional, Venezuela,1999 17


Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo - Universidad Central de Venezuela (FAU-UCV) Location: Caracas, Venezuela Architect: Carlos Raul Villanueva Date: 1957

Axonometric on Site 18


First Floor Plan

Typ. Tower Plan 19


North Elevation

South Elevation 20


Transversal Section 21


FIRST FLOOR PROGRAM

22

ADMIN. OFFICES

DESIGN/CONSTRUCTION STUDIOS

LIBRARY+EXHIBITION SPACE

CAFETERIA


TOWER PROGRAM

FACULTY+ADMIN. OFFICES

DESIGN STUDIOS - UNITS

HORIZONTAL CIRCULATION

VERTICAL CIRCULATION+EGRESS

23


SOUTH FACADE Cred: Julio Cesar Mesa

24


NORTH FACADE Cred: Julio Cesar Mesa

25


INTERIOR COURTYARD - FIRST FLOOR Cred: Julio Cesar Mesa

26


EXHIBITION SPACE + LIBRARY - FIRST FLOOR Cred: Julio Cesar Mesa

27


MAIN CIRCULATION - TOWER Cred: Somewhere in Google

28


MAIN CIRCULATION - TOWER Cred: Somewhere in Google

29


CARLOS RAUL VILLANUEVA - AULA MAGNA FAU UCV Cred: Somewhere in Google

30


“Creo en una arquitectura que parta de la realidad, que elabore una interpretación crítica de ella y que vuelva a la realidad, modificándola, con dialéctica incesante”

“I believe in an architecture that starts from reality, that elaborates a critical interpretation of it and returns to reality modifying it, with incessant dialectic” Carlos Raúl Villanueva

31


CONCEPT COLLAGE

32


4 _ WHAT IF?

“WHAT IF THE TOWER BECOMES THE BRAIN OF THE UNIVERSITY AND SIMULATES THE CIRCULATION FLUIDITY OF THE FIRST FLOOR?”

After all the research and study of the FAU UCV building, the first question I asked myself was regarding the disconnection between the first floor, which functions as a fluid open plaza vs. the tower that acts as an interrupted collection of vertical spaces connected via long corridors and straight staircases.

33


34


35


FAILED THINKING PROCESS

PRECEDENT STUDIES: Swiss-Re Offices - Christian Kerez ; Jussieu Library - OMA

36


CONCEPT SKETCHES

37


Cred. Steve Kuenstler - Flickr

38


5 _ PALIMPSEST

Pal-imp-sest: “A manuscript or piece of writing material on which later writing has been superimposed on effaced earlier writing.” (1) “Something reused or altered but still bearing visible traces of its earlier form.” (1) (1)

Oxford Dictionary

39


By studying the existing elements in the building (Alejandro Otero’s artwork) I used the essence of the artist work as the source of inspiration for the new architectural intervention to achieve Cohesion and Continuity with the existing building Concept-Structure.

40


ARTWORK - Alejandro Otero

41


1 _ MURAL EXTRACTION

2 _ MURAL PROJECTION OVER N & S FACADES

3 _ POSITIVE/NEGATIVE FLOW SKETCH

4 _ FLOW PROJECTION OVER FACADES 42

5 _ NEW SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION


6 _ DESIGN OPERATIONS

The design operation for the new design of the tower emerges form the prior study of Alejandro Otero murals located at the East and West facades of the tower. After studying the murals in, I found out that they fit perfectly if enlarged proportionally to the dimensions of the North and South facades. From there the investigation process flowed in a very intuitive way ending up in the new spatial distribution shown in the diagrams of the prior page.

43


44

NEW SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION

ADMIN/FACULTY OFFICES

INSTITUTES + LABS + CIRCULATION

RESEARCH + LABS + CIRCULATION

LIBRARY + CIRCULATION

CAFETERIA + LOBBY + CIRCULATION


7 _ FINAL DISTRIBUTION

From the new design operation ending in a new satial distribution, the reprogramming of the tower happens, with the concept of the tower being the brain of the university in mind. The Library that was located under the Exhibition gallery space in the first floor was moved to the central space of the new tower, being a space where people will meet to have informal conversations, research and investigate on past topics and new issues, work in personal projects, homework, etc. All the new spaces are influenced by the new circulation that is going to be proposed, generating a continuous architectural element that will seamlessly connect all the spaces of the tower and the first floor.

45


When reading architecture as a Palimpsest, it can be interpreted to have three different meanings: the prior meaning, the new meaning, and a hybrid interpretation when reading the remnants with the new. As past leftovers appear partially through the new, the new work becomes an overlay of the old, making a simultaneous reading of both the old and new.

46


0 _ CHAPTER NAME

Lorem ipsum

47


The new intervention enabled the tower to become a single entity where all the new spaces are connected directly and continuously within themselves and the first floor (design studios, fabrication lab, exhibition gallery, cafeteria and patio)

48


49


NEW CAFETERIA/LOBBY LOOKING TO PATIO AND NEW FAB LAB (RENDERING)

50


51


NEW FAB LAB LOOKING TO PATIO AND CAFETERIA (RENDERING)

52


53


NEW CIRCULATION - THIRD FLOOR (RENDERING)

54


NEW CIRCULATION - FOURTHFLOOR (RENDERING)

55


NEW CIRCULATION/INFORMAL OFFICES - FIFTH FLOOR (RENDERING)

56


NEW LIBRARY/READING ROOM - FIFTHTHFLOOR (RENDERING)

57


VIEW FROM FIRST FLOOR COURTYARD (RENDERING)

58


VIEW FROM FIRST FLOOR COURTYARD (RENDERING)

59


“Architecture lives to be transformed and therein lies its true calling� Eduardo Souto de Moura

60


VIEW FROM EIGHT FLOOR DOUBLE-HEIGHT TERRACE TO THE MOUNTAIN (RENDERING)

61


ARCHITECTURAL PALIMPSEST - Rethinking the Architecture School  

Master Thesis Project at Florida International University Thesis Project intended to Rethink the Architecture school from a personal interp...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you