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Compilation of work samples Garima Gulati M. Arch, Mackintosh School of Architecture, Glasgow, U.K.


(Final project, M.Arch @Mackintosh School of Architecture, UK) An investigation of possible variations in the design process with the help of Computers, Linking Bio-mimicry with Algorithmic design

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Background Research Growth & form (final project M.Arch, Mackintosh School of Architecture) An investigation of possible variations in the design process with the help of Computers, Linking Bio-mimicry with Algorithmic design

Aim To investigate the relationship between design, Idea, information and computers. This thesis is an attempt to understand architecture which is derived from a synthesis of the core concerns that individually comprise and inform the character of the building and invent a methodology to to aproach architectural design.

information (from biology)

computers CAAD

designer

Likely outcome Inventing methodology of approaching design through 3D Models in rhinoceros, with the support of information injected at differrent stages.

My research looks into ways in which the design concerns such as the spatial organization, the internal movement networks and building structure can be influenced by biological systems and how this in turn informs the design process. The initial stage was to understand the forces which shape architectural design.

linking variables

Stage 1 The first stage was to identify and understand the software which can help to feed core design concerns in the form of information into the design. The idea is to make the CAAD program, a link between information and design.

Stage 2 The second stage was to identify the nature of the information to be injected in the design through computer programmers, which can help approach possible design solutions. The identified area to extract information from was bio-mimicry because an analogy can be developed between conditions shaping form in nature and conditions shaping architectural form. Hence, principles which shape the form in nature can be applied to develop architectural form as well. GROWTH OF FROM on the basis of pre specified rules and Parametric variations in same algorithm Stage 3 The third stage was to understand the geometry of natural forms in order to define the mathematical conditions which can be applied to generate architectural form inspired by nature.

Stage 4 The forth stage was to identify a method to apply those mathematical conditions to generate geometric systems. The identified medium was algorithmic design because by designing and running algorithms on CAD program the geometry can be generated by specifying mathematical conditions and equations. This geometry becomes the input information and it is further mutated and modified to suit the other requirements.

computer generated forms, complex, 3d space for developement of natural forms

Identified Process Bio-mimicry : A Principle based Analogy between Nature and Architecture Method: Taking the Principle from Biology to Mathematics and finally to Architecture

Process

Biomimetics

medium

Computer

method

mathematics/geometry

bio-mimicry

Medium: Computer linking bio-mimicry and algorithmic design

growth & form: An investigation of possible variations in the design process with the help of Computers, Linking Bio mimicry with Algorithmic design

algoritms

Identified key words were BIO-MIMICRY AND ALGORITHMIC DESIGN Stage5 Finally after identifying a methodology it was applied to The Serpentine gallery pavilion project to assess the practical validity of the design process. The intent was to analyze how logic of natural form development informs the logic of architectural form development by inventing a design methodology using computers. A methodology which can help architects seek better solutions to problems and at the same time gives them freedom to imagine. In my case the natural formation has been used to define the structure, circulation and the space planning of the built form. The outcome of the project is a 3d form for the serpentine pavilion which is based on 3D voronoi geometry. The voronoi geometry gave the building a circulation pattern, defined its spatial planning and also guided its internal circulation movement.

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Background Research

Sub Main Dim point1 (10) Dim t, x, y, z Dim curve For t = 0 To 10 X=t*cos(t) Y= t*sin(t) Z=0 point1(t) = array(x,y,z) Next curve = Rhino.AddCurve(point1) End Sub Call main

from form to mathematics h f g

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The Site

The Project Temporary pavilion, Serpentine gallery, Hyde Park, London. Proposed Dates July – October 2009 Construction Period May 2006 – July Dismantling October – November 2007

the history...

Primary connecting roads with the subway station circuit The connecting Pedestrian pathways Subway stations Water bodies

Site connectivity: Identifying the main access road to

er Bayswat

Road

bird sanctury

serpentine lake police station parking

princes diana memorial

exh ibitio n

road

Site

tennis court

albert memorial

Why Pavilion?

Serpentine

Kingston Road

Summer sun Winter sun royal albert concert hall

Since the crystal palace the site has been symbolic of architecture ahead of its times. "It's a laboratory for architecture," said the gallery's director, Julia Peyton-Jones.

Sun path Identifying the directions to allow good light in the pavilion

The site, existing structures

futuristic symbolic

t

experimen al

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Design Developement The design developement

3d voronoi geometry in soap bubbles

The form will be generated by imposing a set of rules (algorithms) in the cyber space, a process of generating architecture by solving conditions. In this particular case the Conditions will generate voronoi geometry in 2d and in 3d

The space and structute analogy Space voronoi geometry subdivides proximity/closest neighbour

Voronoi geometry can describe many natural formations, like soap bubbles, sponges or bone cells, which can inform architecture with new ways to organize and structure space

space

based

on

structure Voronoi partitions fill the space with an economic structure (maximizes space with minimum material) and the structure itself generates spaces which fit into the use. 3d voronoi space partitioning in soap bubbles

The circulation analogy The voronoi structure connects centres of random spaces according to best proximity to maximum number of connecting spaces

Why voronoi for serpentine gallery??? The design required an Irregular grid because no two units in the design have similar function or size. The voronoi structure connects centres of random spaces according to best proximity to maximum number of connecting spaces. The delunary triangulation which is a derevative of voronoi geometry can be a very good circulation of multipurpose spaces. This type of geometry is a visually powerful geometry and in case of the design of the serpentine pavilion the form it self needed to be an expression of an experiment. The voronoi partitioning of space through algorithms allowed the freedom to experiment with different set of points till the required geometry was generated.

the delunary triagulation, connecting centers of voronoi partitions generates an efficient circulation system

understanding geometry to understand, edit and run the algorithm

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The algorithm

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3d voronoi structure generated in rhino with algorithm in pointset reconstruction tool (plugin for Rhino)

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Design Developement Stage 5: Taking advantage of the voronoi geometry planned the internal circulation by connecting volumetric centers of different activity areas (delunary triangulation), and then integrated the interior and exterior circulation using the voronoi centers.

service access

y

access point / imp view

direct access / imporant view

PC 22.3m

Stage 1: Identified the best access to the site

service access cafetaria

y

multipurpose space discussions / presentations

extended cafetaria sitting / discussions

access porch PC 22.3m

stage 7: Added more volumetric centers to generate more voronoi partitions to stabilize structure. These voronoi frames will stiffen the

Stage 2: On site zoning on the basis of area requirements and availability of services on site

service access cafetaria

y

multipurpose space discussions / presentations

extended cafetaria sitting / discussions

access porch PC 22.3m

Stage 3: Added points on center of each required volume considering the required variation in height and

cafetaria multipurpose space discussions / presentations

stage 6: eliminated the volumes which are not required to serve any function

extended cafetaria sitting / discussions

access porch access porch PC 22.3m

Stage 4: developed voronoi poly-surfaces with the algorithm plug-in in Rhinoceros 4

cafeteria presentation/ lecture cafeteria/ sitting

stage 8: retained the structural frame as an expression of the structural system and also to act as redundant s t r u c t u r a l members

entry2 entry1

growth & form: An investigation of possible variations in the design process with the help of Computers, Linking Bio mimicry with Algorithmic design

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Design Proposal

cafeteria presentation/ lecture cafeteria/ sitting entry2 entry1

growth & form: An investigation of possible variations in the design process with the help of Computers, Linking Bio mimicry with Algorithmic design

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Urban Space analysis: Leeds city center Urban Design and creative Urban practices@Mackintosh School of Architecture, Uk)

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Urban Space Analysis: Leeds city center

Spatial Analysis Leeds City Center. decipline: Urban Design and creative Urban practices @Mackintosh School of Architecture

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Urban Space Analysis: Leeds city center

Spatial Analysis Leeds City Center. decipline: Urban Design and creative Urban practices @Mackintosh School of Architecture

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Urban Space Analysis: Leeds city center

Spatial Analysis Leeds City Center. decipline: Urban Design and creative Urban practices @Mackintosh School of Architecture

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Design thesis project @ Chandigarh College of Architecture, India.

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Design Proposal- Animation Center, India

Design thesis project @ Chandigarh College of Architecture, India. Animation Center - Hyderabad, India Functional componens: Animation, art and design School Animation outsourcing studio Preview theaters, gaming arena and IMAX 3d theater

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Design Proposal- Animation Center, India

1234-

IMAX Auditorium Animation School Preview Theater and food joint

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Design Proposal- Animation Center, India

Physical Model Design proposal of center at Hyderabd

animation

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@ S. P. A. Design Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India. S.P.A. Design Pvt Ltd is a collaboration among French architect Stephane Paumier and Indian architects Anupam Bansal & Krishnachandran Balakrishnan


O.P. Jindal Global University, Jindal Global Law School University campus, Sonipat Narela road near Jagdishpur village, Sonipat, Haryana, India

The concept aimed at translating the ideology of law into space. Space, which is symbolic of balance, symmetry, gravity, boundary, framework, permanence, stability, security, order, fairness, and ubiquity. The idea of achieving a perfect world through geometry and proportion, as a reflection of the cosmic order was developed through the ages from the vaastu Purusha Madala to the Vitruvian man of Leonardo. The unseen order is the architectural underline of the project. It is reflected by the usage of geometry and the subtle rules of proportion to achieve perfection. The project is designed like a vast classical garden where the landscape has been tamed with the rules of geometry as the metaphor for the men pacified by the rule of law.

Complete design proposal. Birds eye view of the site from due East

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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O.P. Jindal Global University, Jindal Global Law School University campus, Sonipat Narela road near Jagdishpur village, Sonipat, Haryana, India

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1 3

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Site Plan- phase one

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1- Faculty housing 2- Student housing 3- Academic block

Phase one. Birds eye view of the site from due North

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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O.P. Jindal Global University, Jindal Global Law School University campus, Sonipat Narela road near Jagdishpur village, Sonipat, Haryana, India

Academic block, North elevation

Section at lvl+13m

Sectional at lvl+25m @ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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O.P. Jindal Global University, Jindal Global Law School University campus, Sonipat Narela road near Jagdishpur village, Sonipat, Haryana, India

Option 1

Option 2

Option 3

Option 4

Facade study Simulation of the facade with different percentages and patterns of reflective and transparent glass panels

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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O.P. Jindal Global University, Jindal Global Law School University campus, Sonipat Narela road near Jagdishpur village, Sonipat, Haryana, India

Eye level view from South-West conner

Academic block, site images

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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Eco-Resort Juberkhet estate, Mussoorie, India, 30.27N, 78.06E

The site

Analysis

Annual wind speed

Annual rainfall and temperature p

Water shed Day light analysis

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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Eco-Resort Juberkhet estate, Mussoorie, India, 30.27N, 78.06E

Site aerial view from south west

individual units

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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Eco-Resort Juberkhet estate, Mussoorie, India, 30.27N, 78.06E

@ S.P.A. DESIGN PVT. LTD.

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Work Samples  

A glace through what I have done in the past few years