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A GANG ENFORCEMENT COMPANY PUBLICATION


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Chief’s Brief - Welcome to GFORCE Magazine

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The Experts / Contributing Writers

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Feature - You Don’t Know What You Don’t Know

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Columns - Operation Security & the Digital You - The Escapes of “Chapo” Guzman - Mongols Motorcycle Club - Environmental Hazards to First Responders - Monsters - So You Wanna Be a Gang Cop? - Paradigms of Probation - Sovereign Citizens - Right Around the Corner

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Training Room - Gang Enforcement | Black - Gang Codes: The Contraband Code

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Gangipedia - Gang Slang

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Gang Ops X - Gang Member Contact Tips

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Bookshelf - Chicago Based Gangs: Beyond Folks & People By Joe Sparks & Gabe Morales

© Copyright 2015 by The Gang Enforcement Company. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part of any text, photography, or illustration only with written permission from the publisher is prohibited. GFORCE Magazine, its’ officers, staff members, or contributing writers do not warrant the accuracy of or resume responsibility for any of the material contained herein.

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All letters, text, and photo material received becomes property of GFORCE Magazine. Currently, subscriptions are only available in digital format.

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Each issue is published in Memory of the Gang Enforcement Professionals Killed in the Line of Duty and those Killed in the Line of Duty by a gang member. Their memory and sacrifice shall never be forgotten. Editor-In-Chief:

Letters to the Editor:

Rusty Keeble – @rustykeeble

Vacant

Letters are welcome by e-mail to any of the editors above. Note: All letters received are considered for publication, in whole or part, unless correspondent has clearly indicated that permission to publish is withheld and/or information is considered sensitive or classified.

Advisory Board:

Article Submission:

Contributing Editor(s):

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Law Enforcement Advisor(s) Corrections Advisor(s) Prosecutorial Advisor(s) Legal Advisor(s) Cyber-Gang Advisor(s) Ritualistic Group Advisor(s) Extremist Group Advisor(s) Outlaw Biker Gangs Advisor(s) Tactical Operations Advisor(s) Fitness Advisor(s) Technology Advisor(s)

Submit requests for article submission guidelines or book reviews to the Managing Editor by e-mail to rusty.keeble@gangenforcement.com. All articles must meet submission guidelines and include the author’s e-mail and contact number, a short bio line, and a personal photo as well as other photos and captions germane to your submission. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources. By submission to this magazine, authors grant The Gang Enforcement Company the use of the article in printed, digital and/or electronic form.

Headquarters: The Gang Enforcement Company P.O. Box 608153, Orlando, Florida 32860 E-mail: rusty.keeble@gangenforcemewnt.com HQ Website: www.gangenforcement.com

GFORCE Magazine Mission To provide the highest quality editorial product for all gang professionals from the investigator to the commander’s office. Through a combination of news, features, training, profiles, product highlights, legal updates, international gang-reduction efforts, and reports on procedures, policies and strategies, our goal is to maximize reader value with information that is vital to their jobs and the gang reduction efforts.

Contributing Writer(s): GFORCE is a bi-monthly digital publication from The Gang Enforcement Company. We are seeking contributing writers and researchers in all fields related to both national and international Prevention, Intelligence, Enforcement, Corrections, Prosecution, and Operations pertaining to Street Gangs, Prison Gangs, Extremist Groups, Radical Groups, Supremacy Groups, and Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs. Additional articles can be related to Leadership, Unit/Task Force Management, Technology, Policy and Legislation. Please e-mail resume, biography and sample writings, if possible, to: rusty.keeble@gangenforcement.com

Clearance: GFORCE Magazine Schedule January/February March/April May/June

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July/August September/October November/December

Authors are responsible for compliance with restrictions and regulations regarding the publication and clearance of materials dealing with sensitive and/or classified information.

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ENFORCE. WE WILL.

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TELL US ABOUT IT #GANGENFORCEMENT Our GFORCE Network members, Facbook fans and Twitter, Instagram and LinkedIn Group followers are buzzing about what matters most to Gang Enforcement Professionals. Come join the conversation: Facebook.com/GangEnforcement | Twitter: @gangpro | Instagram: GangEnforcement LinkedIn Group: The Gang Professionals Company | GangEnforcement.com/Network

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GFORCE Magazine. This magazine was created specifically for gang professionals, command staff, agency heads and those within the political arena that has been charged with combating the increase in gang violence and gang warfare seen in the streets, schools, jails and prisons around the world. In each edition, we will cover topics that directly affect today’s gang threat and talk to some of the leading subject matter experts in the country about what is happening and what can be done to combat it. We are also going to focus on six areas we feel are vital to reducing gang violence or what we refer to as “G6”; Prevention, Intelligence, Enforcement, Corrections, Probation and Prosecution. In this first edition, we will also provide detailed overviews for some of the resources available to you.

Rusty Keeble GFORCE CHIEF GP001

These six areas are the most vital of all those necessary to disrupt the proliferation of gang membership, violence and warfare. And without the best team of professionals possible who are highly motivated, trained, equipped and prepared to apply zero tolerance tactics with laser focus and precision, those areas will never be executed in an effective manner. Investing in your team and in yourself has to be done early and often to stay ahead of the ever-changing environment of gang warfare. GFORCE Magazine is the first magazine publication dedicated to the gang threat and those officers charged with the dangerous mission of combating it. The evolution of this magazine will be ongoing as we will strive with each edition to make it look better, read better, provide greater value, give deeper insight, and develop stronger strategic and tactical strategies to make your job more safe and successful. If you are interested in becoming a contributing writer, a member of our expert panel of advisors, or marketing and design team, please contact us with a brief bio and paragraph outlining why you think you would be an asset to our incredible team. Your input both positive and negative is encouraged and you can e-mail me directly at Rusty.Keeble@GangEnforcement.com where each submission will be read and replied to personally and implemented if in fact we believe it can make GFORCE Magazine better.

In Omnia Paratus,

Rusty Keeble Founder / CEO The Gang Enforcement Company

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CONTRIBUTORS & LETTERS

Brice Allen is a Homeland Security Agent with a state law enforcement agency in the Southern United States. Specializing in criminal intelligence gathering, tactical operations, and violent crime investigations, Brice has held assignments in patrol, surveillance, criminal investigations and special weapons and tactics (SWAT) during his 15 year law enforcement career. Brice is also an Adjunct Instructor for The Gang Enforcement Company’s National Gang Enforcement Academy.

Ron “Cook” Barrett as he is known to the youth of New York, has been involved with inner-city kids for over 24 years. He is an accomplished graffiti artist and has been directly involved with gang activity since 1986. He has been the gang prevention specialist with the City of Albany, New York since 1999 where he implemented the Capital Region Gang Prevention Program and Gang Prevention Center, which was recognized by the National Gang Crime Research Center in Chicago, Ill. as an exemplary program in 2001.

Steve Cook is a Detective with a Police Department in the Kansas City Metropolitan area and has been a police officer for over 20 years, with six and a half years experience in a multiagency drug task force. Steve is considered to be the foremost authority on Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs and is called upon by print, radio and television media from all over the world to give expert opinion and commentary on issues relating to Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs and their associates.

Hunter Glass is a retired member of the City of Fayetteville Police Department where he served a large portion of his career as a Detective in the field of Criminal Intelligence. Specializing in Security Threat Groups with an emphasis on Street Gangs has appeared in numerous newspaper, magazine, Internet articles and television and radio events. He is respected by other leading experts in this field and is known internationally. Mr. Glass is a prominent expert on gang mentality and culture.

Read Brice’s article; Operational Security & the Digital You - page 13

Read Cook’s article; Right Around the Corner - page 37

Read Steve’s article; the Mongols Motorcycle Club - page 20.

Read Hunter’s article; Monster - page 25.

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CONTRIBUTORS & LETTERS

Rusty Keeble is the Founder and CEO of The Gang Enforcement Company, Editor-InChief of GFORCE Magazine and former Gang Unit Commander for the Orange County (FL) Corrections Department. He sits on the Board of Directors for Graffiti Tech Inc. and served as President; National Alliance of Gang Investigators Associations, President; Florida Gang Investigators Association and Sgt at Arms; International Latino Gang Investigators Association.

Gabe Morales worked at Folsom State Prison in California for six years as a Corrections Officer where he became very familiar with prison gangs and worked with gang affiliated youth in Los Angeles. He has worked at the King County Jail in Seattle for over 20 years in the Classification Section where he specializes in Security Threat Groups and was promoted to Unit Supervisor. He was the Founder, 1st President, and a past Advisor for the International Latino Gang Investigators Association (ILGIA).

GS Klivans is a gang consultant and lecturer. He retired with the rank of Captain from the Westchester County (NY) Department of Correction (Peace Officer). Captain KLIVANS is a former District Attorney Investigator (Police Officer). He served in the US Army Reserve for 30 years in Military Intelligence and CID (Federal Agent).

Lou Savelli is a retired detective sergeant from the NYPD and a writer who lives in New York City. He writes about contemporary issues but specializes in true crime, crime prevention, gangs, terrorism and the effects on American society.

Read Rusty’s article; You Don’t Know What You Don’t Know - page 09

Read Gabe’s article; The Escapes of Chapo Guzman - page 15

Read Klivan’s article; Gang Codes - page 42.

No article in this issue.

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EDWI NSANTANA Edwin L. Santana is a nineteen-year veteran of the Morris County Sheriff’s Office Bureau of Corrections and is a founding member of the Morris County Gang Intelligence Unit and the Morris County Sheriff’s Office Bureau of Correction’s Security Threat Group Unit. Santana was a founding Executive Board Member of the New Jersey Gang Investigators Association and from 20132015 was appointed the Vice President. From 2010-2013, Edwin was the Vice President for the International Latino Gangs Investigator Association.

CHRISRICH

MARKSKILES

Chris Rich is the Intelligence Manager and oversees the gang programs for the North Carolina Division of Prisons and the North Carolina Division of Community Corrections. Chris coordinates, conducts, and oversees intelligence sharing meetings for all staff and the gang validation process for the state of North Carolina.

Mark Skiles is a Probation Officer with the McHenry County Court Services.

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ARTHURMUSSELMAN Arthur R. Musselman III is a PSI 3 with the Georgia Police Academy.

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GANG UNITS ♦ MAGTFs ♦ LAW ENFORCEMENT ♦ CORRECTIONS ♦ INTELLIGENCE ♦ PROSECUTION ♦ PROBATION ♦ MILITARY

8 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015 gangenforcement.com GANG UNITS ♦ MAGTFs ♦ LAW ENFORCEMENT ♦ CORRECTIONS ♦ INTELLIGENCE ♦ PROSECUTION ♦ PROBATION ♦ MILITARY


RUSTY KEEBLE | @rustykeeble

You don’t know what you don’t know In the 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment an estimated 33,000 gangs representing some 1.4 million “documented” gang members “reported” by law enforcement agencies in the United States. That number is up from approximately 1.0 million representing approximately 20,000 gangs in 2009. As you can see, at a time when more attention, training, intelligence and enforcement operations at all levels of government are being applied to gang reduction strategies, gang membership continues to increase. Some of this can be the attributed to better reporting – some to better trained officers and some to political acceptance but a vast majority of it – the ugly or what I call the undeniable truth is gang membership is rising and those gang members are not just getting older or younger – they are getting both. We are finding that more adults are joining gangs and younger and younger kids are joining gangs with ages as young as 8 years old committing crimes of violence. Gangs can now be identified in all 50 states and D.C. with a national average of 48% of all violent crime being attributed to criminal street gangs with that percentage reaching as high as 90% in several cities nationwide. According to the National Retail Federation, last year, 94% of retailers (Large Department Stores) said they were victims of Organized Retail Crime. The gangs of yester-year are no longer and tomorrow’s gangs are going to be more active, more technically advanced, better equipped and more difficult to identify, track, arrest and convict than ever before. We have seen an increase in the connection between criminal street gangs and the Mexican Cartels as the cartels know the street gangs control the drug sales and the streets are their store fronts. We have seen today’s criminal street gangs identify with and go as far as travel to fight sideby-side with known terrorist organizations in the Middle East. We have seen an increasing amount of today’s United States Military Personnel with some level of association and/or affiliation with documented criminal street gangs and carry their gang loyalty to boot camp and onto the front lines where they engage in tagging armored 9 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

vehicles with gang graffiti, hold meetings, recruit other military personnel, commit crimes and in a few cases – attack each other up and to include shootings. So what does all this mean? For starters – we have a much greater gang problem in this country than most elected officials, agencies, schools, jails and prisons like to admit. We need to realize that the gang threat touches every community, every citizen, every child and every member of the criminal justice profession. No one discipline is immune to their reach and impact. We have a false sense of “need to know” when gang knowledge is applied to an agencies training and information sharing protocols. We spend the most time, money and effort training those assigned to a gang unit and/or task force when they make up the smallest part of the criminal justice “enforcement” group. Most lead everyone else in criminal justice to believe they do not need to know even the basics of gang knowledge, training or intelligence when more times than not they will be the ones who make gangenforcement.com


first contact with the possible gang/gang member suspect. What about the Road Patrol who pulls over a car for a broken tail light with a gang member inside or a School Resource Officer who makes first contact with a gang member in his/her local school or when the corrections officer assigned to booking, housing unit or a rec yard makes first contact with a new inmate or even when the crime/intelligence analyst processes information on a new suspect only known to the gang unit for his nickname, tattoos, or modus operandi? Would even the most basic of gang knowledge assist them in not simply being more effective and diligent in their duties? Would the increased knowledge increase their situational awareness or their personal safety better preparing them to protect the public? Do gang members steal cars, commit homicides, or commit cyber fraud? Absolutely, so why are Robbery, Homicide and Cyber Detectives not trained in gang structure, operations, tactics and trends? Why do Gang Officers who transfer into Homicide Units cancel their gang association memberships removing themselves from a vast network and a wealth of current trends and tactics analysis reports? The point is this – you are not going into “law enforcement” or “correction” or “intelligence” – you are going into “criminal justice” and as criminal justice professionals you are positioned to make first contact with a gang member, a terrorist, a drug dealer, human smuggler, active shooter of even a contract hit man. If you are in the criminal justice profession – no matter what discipline, unit or assignment; it is imperative that you take it upon yourself to be better educated – better equipped – better trained and better prepared in all threats and apply that knowledge to your day-to-day career. We need to do better – we need to do better at educating every discipline of the criminal justice profession about the current state of the nation’s gang threat and how they – how you and not just 10 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

the gang unit are part of the intelligence, enforcement, prosecution, and reduction equation. In 2015, there are more things than ever that criminal justice professionals are charged with doing and those will no doubt continue to increase and that makes this one of the most challenging, dangerous and unforgiving professions in a world more dangerous than ever. Are you prepared? I along with countless others have spent thousands of our own money over the course of a career attending conferences, seminars, meetings, advanced education opportunities, traveling abroad, building international networks and seeking certifications through organization and association involvement long after employment with an agency so to be as prepared as one can be and to invest in our own careers – you cannot wait for an agency to carry that financial burden. In today’s law enforcement, one must be willing to sacrifice beyond the job to stand out from the crowd of career advancing professionals you are competing against. You must do the work to get noticed and not wait to you get noticed to do the work. If you are not willing to invest in yourself how can you expect your agency to? If you are not willing to invest in yourself; someone else is. You are a Warrior – a Sheep Dog – A Protector of the People. Whether training, education, information or contacts, it is up to you to fill in the gaps of preparation that your agency will no doubt leave open. My grandparents instilled in me to know as much about what you are doing as you possibly can. If it impacts you – know about it, learn gangenforcement.com


about it, and make every attempt to master it. It’s not about a need to know anymore. It’s about being “in the know.”

predict the future is to create it.” Surround yourself with people who are only going to lift you higher and never settle for not knowing what you don’t know.

One of the quotes that has been on my desk since the day I started is; “The best way to The Gang Enforcement Company’s new On-Demand Training Platform

Gang Enforcement History

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Training is one of the most critical aspects of maintaining a professional and ready workforce in this high liability area. Gang Prevention, Intelligence and Enforcement professionals are charged with combating gang warfare, protecting the public and reducing gang crime. Imagine if you knew, and we mean really knew, how to establish and operate a multi-agency gang task force, or identify, investigate and document a gang presence or gang crime, or how to properly prepare your files and reports to better assist the prosecutor in getting a conviction and for our correctional officers how to execute a tactical search operation. Now imagine having access to that knowledge anytime, anywhere – when you need it. Our subject matter experts want to share these insights with you. Click. Watch. Learn.

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BRICE ALLEN |

Operational Security and the Digital You In law enforcement, it has always been important to practice what is known as OPSEC (OPerational SECurity) to protect ongoing police operations or criminal investigations. However, good OPSEC has to be extended to include PERSEC (PERsonal SECurity) as well. Admittedly, this should not be a new concept to anyone in law enforcement, but let’s be honest – it is easy to fall into the trap of thinking that “my personal life is my personal life” and that it is somehow separate from our professional lives. It’s not. At least, not to the bad guys. In recent weeks there have been a number of reports that indicate overseas terrorist groups have been calling for attacks to be carried out against law enforcement officers and other government officials. Combine this with the recent uptick of anti police rhetoric being seen on social media, implied and actual death threats against police officers, and the increase of ambush style attacks on law enforcement officers nationwide and we are at the point of storms colliding. In our day to day physical routine, there are certain precautions that we can take to protect ourselves. We are aware of our surroundings, we look for changes in the baseline behavior of the persons in the community, we watch for surveillance being conducted on us, etc. But what about in our digital lives? It is here that most of us fail to recognize the vulnerabilities that we create for ourselves. I’ve seen a lot of extremes when it comes to OPSEC with police officers. They either hide everything or they hide nothing. It’s always been this way. However, what we have to realize (and accept) is that we cannot keep our entire lives a secret and expect to live our lives – there has to be a balance. Deleting your entire digital footprint is not realistic or even desirable. But minimizing what is out there for an adversary to use against you is. In this case, an adversary could be the thief that knows cops keep weapons and equipment in their homes or vehicles, or it could be the bad guy that wants to kidnap, harm, or kill you (or your family). 13 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

What you have to protect isn’t just people and stuff – you have to protect or at least control what are called indicators. An indicator is something that gives up valuable information about your identity and your vulnerabilities. Realistically, you cannot protect 100% of your indicators. In the physical world every time you put on a uniform, respond to a call, or otherwise identify yourself as a police officer – you reveal an indicator and thus expose yourself to becoming a potential target. In the digital world however, most times you can control these indicators and only reveal what you choose to. A good balance to reducing your online indicators is to not openly share information about who you are or what you do with people until you feel that you not only trust them, but that they need to know the information. In this respect, you should have a very tight circle of friends that know everything and a wider circle that does not know everything but knows some, and the rest who don’t know anything. By controlling your indicators, you can maintain a proper balance with your OPSEC and still be able to continue with your life – both personal and professional. Consider your social media accounts – Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, etc – how many ‘friends’ do you have that you actually know? What about their friends? Do you identify yourself as a police officer? Do you post photos of yourself in uniform? Do you only post articles that support or endorse the law enforcement profession? I’m not saying that any of these things are bad, but every one of them is an indicator of what you do and who you are. Combine these with clues from your comments, (such as, “I’m on the midnight shift – Merry Christmas to me!”) and with the pictures of your family in the backyard; and someone could find out where you live, who else lives there, and even when you’ll be gone. The posting of photos and videos provide deeper insights into you, your family and friends, your house, what you gangenforcement.com


drive, your favorite hobbies, and your interests. All of these are useful for a bad guy to build a target profile of you. While law enforcement is an honorable profession, it is one where we need to exercise good judgment and appropriate OPSEC. As such I would recommend that law enforcement officers remove or limit their online presence – especially those profiles that identify them as a representative of the law enforcement profession. This means photos, videos, or posts that directly or indirectly associates them with law enforcement. In fact, you should take steps to remove your personal information from internet databases as well. At a minimum, personally identifiable information should be altered to include names, dates of birth, addresses, email addresses, and phone numbers (as a side, but very important note – information

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about your children should always be kept confidential – where they go to school, their friends, etc). In some cases, keeping your online identity confidential may not always be possible, especially if your agency lists you as a representative for the agency, but you should control the indicators that you can – such as those on your social media accounts. The key thing to remember is that any information that reveals something about you should be protected. Go through your social media profiles and start scrubbing that information. Then make sure that from now on, you only put information out to those that really need it.

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GABE MORALES |

The Escapes of “Chapo” Guzman, Mexican Drug Cartels, and Threats to U.S. Security Caro-Quintero, was Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán-Loera, better known as “El Chapo” due to his short stature. Chapo is translated as “Shorty”. He soon became a very big man in Mexico.

Mexican Drug Lords began appearing as soon as drugs in the U.S. were first outlawed. To them it was a matter of supply and demand and a good way to make a living. The life and death of Jesus Malverde has not been historically verified, but according to local legend in Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico, he was a “Robin Hood” type of bandit who was hanged by the authorities in 1909. This was just prior to the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1925. Since Malverde's “death”, he has been considered a hero to many of Sinaloa's poor highland residents. Many of them have earned a living through drug trafficking. One individual who grew up hearing about the legend of Jesus Malverde and who was taught the trade by drug lords like Miguel Angel FelixGallardo, Ernesto Fonesca-Carrillo, and Rafael

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Guzmán was born into a poor family in a small rural community of Badiraguato, in the State of Sinaloa, located about 40 miles north of a large town named Culiacán. This area was known as the “Golden Triangle” of drugs and was the birthplace of the Guadalajara Cartel/Mexican Federation. The group’s leaders, Felix-Gallardo, Fonesca-Carrillo, and Caro-Quintero were arrested in 1985. They soon split their empire after the torture and death of American DEA Agent Enrique Camarena. It is said that Guzmán-Loera dropped out in the 3rd grade, sold oranges for a while before he soon started to get involved in the drug trade. Ultimately, he gained control over much of Sinaloa when he made alliances with other drug kingpins like Hector “Guero” Palma-Salazar, Ismael “Mayo” Zambada-Garcia, and the Beltran-Leyva brothers. Eventually, the Beltran-Leyva Organization broke this working relationship once they came to believe that

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Chapo was snitching on them after the brothers and several associates were captured or killed by the Mexican government. Chapo ally Hector “Guero” Palma-Salazar was arrested in June, 1995, in Guadalajara, Jalisco, at the home of a police commander. Over 30 federal police officers were arrested for providing him protection. He was sentenced to almost 20 years. By the spring of 2001, “El Mayo” Zambada-Garcia was embroiled in a fullscale war with the Tijuana Cartel. The Tijuana Cartel, in return, tried to have Chapo killed after his initial escape from prison. El Mayo has never been detained but gave an open interview in 2010 with the popular Mexican news magazine “Proceso”. Chapo was arrested while hiding out in Guatemala in 1993. He was extradited and sentenced to 20 years in prison in Mexico for murder and drug trafficking. But his stint in prison was nothing like those of his fellow inmates. He brought in cocaine and young women, turning the institution into his private “five-star hotel.” While locked up his power actually rose as he made deals with drug runners both in and out of lock-up. During the eight years he was in prison, Guzmán's drug empire and power continued via his brother, Arturo “Pollo” Guzmán-Loera. In January, 2005, Pollo was executed at La Palma Prison in Mexico. This was for revenge against the earlier death of Rodolfo Carillo-Fuentes of the Juarez Cartel who was the brother of Juarez Cartel Leader Vicente “Chente” Carillo-Fuentes. The shooting of Pollo was ordered by Gulf Cartel leader Osiel Cardenas-Guillen using a shooter aligned with the Arellano-Felix Organization (AFO). A couple of weeks later an 16 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

attorney for Cardenas-Guillen was executed as revenge for the killing of Pollo. So goes violent life in the Cartels, they mostly kill each other, but often innocent victims get caught up in the madness, and often good police officers are killed. Cartels even corrupted a few American law enforcement workers and have been very accomplished at corrupting Mexican government officials. They have a saying, “Plata o Plomo” (silver/money or lead/bullets). There have been dozens of murders of law enforcement officials on both sides of the border and they have increased their violence in recent years as they were broken up into smaller rival factions. Chapo finally escaped from in 2001 from his “high security Mexican prison”, allegedly in a laundry cart, with inside help of many staff members and a large bribe. It was immediately announced that he was wanted by the Mexican government, INTERPOL, and the American government offered a U.S. 5 million dollar reward for information leading to his capture. But, nobody took the deal even though many knew where Chapo was because he would offer them $10 million not to tell the governments where he was. That was chump change to him!

While on the run, Guzmán had many mansions and safe houses so he would move about gangenforcement.com


changing locations frequently. He would use communications very carefully and dump his cell phone for a new one often. The government tried to catch him and almost did several times but he always got away most likely via inside tipsters. Guzmán had an army of loyal followers in Sinaloa. To understand why a known criminal and person responsible for the murders of hundreds of people in a largely Christian nation would get this kind of support, one must understand the gripping poverty of Mexico where there is a small extremely rich class, a small but growing middle class, and the vast majority of the rest being dirt poor without much hope. Many people toiled in the fields striving to earn enough for a bowl of beans and a couple tortillas. School is only required up to “Primaria” or the 6th grade but many, like Guzmán did, drop out to help support their families. There are few well paved roads outside of nice areas of major cities. Many people walk to work or school or wherever. Few people can afford TVs, or cell phones, or nice clothes or homes. Guzmán’s organization puts food on their tables, builds schools and roads for them, they now can afford to drive a nice rig with all of the options. They can now buy the latest big screen TV with surround sound, buy the latest cell phone, own a nice home and even vacation wherever they want including the United States. If they so desire, they might not need to come back, they will have reached the “American Dream”! Guzmán was idealized like Steve McQueen was in the 1970s by both men and women. His third wife Emma Coronel-Aispuro, who in August 2011 gave birth to twin girls in Los Angeles, CA, in August 2011, was a young former beauty queen. She was the niece of the late Guadalajara capo Ignacio “El Nacho” Coronel who was killed by the Army in Jalisco, in July 2010, and basically given away as a gift by her father. Thousands of women all across Mexico wish they could have been as lucky. 17 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

Guzmán was finally rearrested by Mexican authorities in Mexico on February 22, 2014. The operation that led to his capture started at 3:45AM, when ten pickup trucks full of Mexican Navy Special Forces carrying over 65 men made their way to the famous resort area of Mazatlán, Sinaloa. He was found inside a modest fourth-floor apartment safe house located on the beachfront area of Miramar in a relatively modest condominium so as not to draw too much attention. He was captured without a gunshot being fired. Lying in bed with him was his young wife Emma. Their twin daughters were also reportedly found near them. But Chapo didn’t worry much.

The Altiplano Prison and the house Chapo allegedly escaped to When he got word that the Mexican government might extradite him to the U.S. he escaped again from the high security Altiplano Prison on July 11, 2015. The Mexican President, Enrique Peña Nieto, who had been very successful in capturing drug lords as his predecessor was, vowed that Chapo would never escape again. While he was under constant surveillance and monitored by video camera while locked down 23 hours a day in segregation, question still remain why Mexican intelligence did not

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consider every possible angle he could escape. Chapo is responsible for close to 100 well-made tunnels along the U.S.-Mexican border. Chapo is seen on video changing his shoes, heading to the shower area of his cell, and disappears from view. The shower area was the only part of his cell that was not visible through the security system. After guards did not see him for 18 minutes, an alert was issued at 9:10PM, and personnel finally went looking for him after a substantial time had passed. When they reached his cell, Guzmán was nowhere to be found. It was discovered he escaped through a hole in the shower area down a tunnel that led to a house construction site located under one mile away.

He is, thus, the second most powerful man in Mexico, after stock trader and businessman Carlos Slim. The magazine also called him the "biggest drug lord of all time." The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimates that Guzmán surpassed the influence and reach of deceased Columbian drug lord Pablo Escobar and now considers him "Godfather of the Drug World". In 2013, the Chicago Crime Commission named Guzmán "Public Enemy Number One" for the influence of his criminal network in Chicago. There is no evidence that Guzmán has ever been in that city, but he did work closely with two twin Latin King brothers, Pedro and Margarito Flores, who were sentenced to 14 years in prison in 2015 as part of a plea bargain that they moved tons of drugs into the “Windy City” on behalf of Chapo.

The tunnel was just over five and half feet high and under 1 yard in width. It was equipped with lights and ventilation. A motorcycle set up on rails was also found in the tunnel which authorities think may have been used to transport Guzmán himself. Others, as was alleged in his previous escape, think that it all was an excuse and that Chapo just walked out the front gate under corrupt staff escort. Regardless, the escape proved to be very embarrassing for the Mexican President, sent fear into his enemies, and furthered his already large legend amongst the people.

The last person to receive such notoriety by the Chicago Crime Commission was Mafia crime boss Al Capone in 1930.

In 2011, Forbes Magazine ranked Guzmán as one of the most powerful people in the world as it had every year since 2009, ranking 41st, 60th and 55th respectively. Plazas – Hubs for drug trafficking controlled by a group used for stationing and smuggling. Narco(trafficante) – A drug runner or mover. Deals in the sale/shipment of drugs/narcotics. Drug Cells – Groups of drug runners that can range from 3-30 members on average. Drug Trafficking Organization (DTO) – Cells dealing in a significant amount of drugs. Cartels – Alliances of DTOs to collaborate and move drugs across large areas and into the U.S. Supercartels – Very powerful groups like the Sinaloa Cartel and Zetas. 18 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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STEVE COOK | @bikerauthority

Mongols Motorcycle Club What started out in the small southern California town of Montebello on December 5th of 1969 has grown into one of the largest and most sophisticated Organized Crime groups in the world. The Mongols Motorcycle Club appeared at least in part to have started for all of the right reasons but their foray into the Southern California Motorcycle Club scene quickly caught the attention and hostilities of the Hells Angels who always have and always will believe that they rule the motorcycle club scene. The Mongols name was derived from the Mongol Empire led by Genghis Khan. During the 1200’s the Mongols were known to divide and conquer countries throughout Eastern Europe on horseback. Although now riding motorcycles instead of horses the modern day Mongols Motorcycle Club are known to be equally as ruthless as their namesakes. The gang colors of the Mongols are black and white and the logo is of a ponytailed Mongol warrior astride a chopper style motorcycle. The current estimated membership for the Mongols is around 600 however the recent patch over of Australia’s largest Outlaw Motorcycle Gang, the Finks, will elevate the numbers much higher. The case could further be made that the Mongols are now in the top four of Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs in the world right after the Hells Angels, Outlaws and Bandidos. In the United States the Mongols highest concentration of membership is in California however they also have chapters in Washington, Oregon, Utah, Nevada, Colorado, Montana, Arizona, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Virginia and New York. The Mongols are in the process of putting a chapter in Missouri and rumors indicate that they have a 21 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

chapter in Michigan. Previously they also had chapters in Indiana and Maryland but those do not appear to be active any longer. A Motorcycle Club called the Mongols did exist in Ohio during the 1970’s as referenced in the book “Bikin’ and Brotherhood” written by Dave Spurgeon. This club was not affiliated with the Mongols Motorcycle Club that started in California and the Ohio based Mongols eventually patched over to the Outlaws Motorcycle Club. The Mongols have a chapter in Baja, Mexico but there are no indications of other Mexico charters. There is a Mongols Motorcycle Club operating in Canada that wears the same patch as their American counterparts however the Mongols Motorcycle Club Mother Chapter denies that they are a part of the Mongol Nation. On the International stage the Mongols have made major strides over the past five years with chapters in Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Israel, Australia, Thailand and Malaysia. Although not listed on their webpage’s there has also been evidence of a Mongols chapter somewhere in Turkey. Criminality has always been a major part of being a member of the Mongols and as such the Mongols Motorcycle Club has earned the distinction of being infiltrated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives on three different occasions. The most famous of those operations was conducted by undercover Agent William Queen over a 28 month period of time in what is still regarded as one of the most dangerous Law Enforcement infiltrations of an Outlaw Motorcycle Gang ever.

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Since that time the Mongols were infiltrated by multiple undercover ATF Agents in an operation dubbed “Black Rain” which led to the arrest and prosecution of Mongols International President Ruben “Doc” Cavazos. Another operation dubbed “Black Diamond” was initiated by ATF Agents in Virginia which led to some members of the Mongols being charged and convicted and ultimately led to a much bigger case against the Outlaws as the undercover members of the Mongols ended up patching over to the Outlaws to have greater access to gang members as the Mongols were not as well established on the east coast at the time. The aforementioned patch over of the Finks Motorcycle Club in Australia may be the most significant move on the part of the Mongols in the history of their organization as it certainly

will carry their ongoing war with the Hells Angels to yet another continent. The Finks and the Hells Angels had no love lost for one another which was well documented on 3-18-06 at the Royal Pines Resort Ballroom on Australia’s Gold Coast where during a kickboxing tournament three people were shot, two people were stabbed and more than $40,000 in damage was caused as the two gangs went at it. With the Finks being newly patched into the Mongols they will certainly want to prove to the rest of the Mongols in the world that they are every bit as ruthless as their foreign counterparts and what better way than to carry out attacks on the Hells Angels. With the already tense scene in the Aussie “Bikie” world this new incursion by the Mongols might make for a very interesting 2014.

Source: Bruce Ely/The Oregonian

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ARTHUR MUSSELMAN |

Environmental Hazards to First Responders Today, we in law enforcement continue to see an increasing number of threats to ourselves and our mission. These threats come in various guises, whether active shooters, violent street gangs, sovereign citizens even vehicular traffic. As these threats, often high profile, have arisen we have developed new training programs, response techniques and other measures that serve to lower the risk to the officer/investigator and increase our likelihood of emerging victorious. Today however, I would like to discuss with you some lesser known hazards that are in my opinion just as much a hazard and even more dangerous simply because of a lack of knowledge of the threat. I am speaking of environmental hazards; these are hazards that may not necessarily stem from a suspect directly but from a building, a vehicle, or their surroundings and their contents. These hazards could be a fungal growth on a wall, ceiling or floor from an indoor grow whether marijuana or mushrooms, or chemical fumes emanating from interior surfaces due to previous meth lab cooks, or an unknown white granular substance believed to be a controlled substance that detonates or deflagrates when placed into a presumptive field test kit. In 2008 in Colorado, an officer went to the emergency room with severe back pain, routine medical tests did not give any conclusive results and due to the severity of the pain exploratory back surgery was performed to discover the source of the pain. Doctors discovered a white crusty fungal growth on the officer’s vertebrae and found that one of the vertebrae had been partially consumed by the fungus. Unable to identify the infectious material the doctors contacted the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia and sent a sample of the 23 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

material for testing, the material was identified as Aspergillosis a fungal infection that occurs from the inhalation or ingestion of aspergillus spores. After identifying the infection, doctor’s prescribed a regimen of intravenous antibiotics to stop the infection as well as morphine to combat the pain this regimen was to be administered by the officer’s wife as the officer was allowed to convalesce at his home. The officer’s supervisor who was also at the scene on the outside standing by the transport vehicle reported suffering flu-like symptoms for a period of time after exposure; however he regained his full health without significant medical intervention. John Marshall. Marijuana Fungus: Officer Safety Concern. 2010 The Dangers associated with indoor marijuana grows have been recognized by groups such as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and The Rocky Mountain High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area in publications such as the “Marihuana Grow Operations Personal Protective Equipment Ensemble Protocols” written November 2004. The threat has even been the subject of a study by Dr. John W. Martyny, PhD of the National Jewish Health Organization in 2012 in cooperation with Colorado Drug Investigator’s Association and was funded by Bureau of Justice Assistance Grant 2010-DJ-BX-0316 and received additional funding from the Colorado Association of Chiefs of Police and the County Sheriffs of Colorado, Inc.

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The results of the study can be found here: http://www.nationaldec.org/goopages/pages_do wnloadgallery/download.php?filename=22860.p df&orig_name=1148.pdf This is just an example of the non-traditional hazards facing first responders now, these hazards are often totally overlooked by officers as they perform their duties, whether arresting individuals, processing crime scenes, inventorying a vehicles contents or other duties. Officers should seek training from competent trainers on these threats and should use their newly gained knowledge during the course of their work duties to look for indicators of the threat and respond to it. Another example and one that we as first responders should be very cognizant of is the hazard of exposure to contaminants at clandestine laboratory sites. On May 30th 2014, the Gwinnett County S.W.A.T. team had eight team members injured (reports of skin and eye irritation) at a search warrant execution where they discovered a clandestine laboratory. An emergency decontamination line was set up outside the Gwinnett County Medical Center

and the officers were decontaminated prior to being treated and released with no significant injuries. In this instance there were no significant injuries or deaths, however the situation could have proven much worse just depending on the stage of the manufacturing process, and the chemicals being used at the time. Or it could be possibly by an inadvertent mistake made by an erstwhile methamphetamine “cook” in a hurry due to impatience or uncontrollable twitching and jerking due to methamphetamine use. In conclusion, there are non-traditional hazards that first responders may encounter in the course of their day to day operational duties, these hazards can be every bit as dangerous as an armed suspect or other traditional threats. There are sources of training on these hazards including the Georgia Public Safety Training Center located in Forsyth, Georgia that provides traditional (classroom) training to public safety officers from across the state of Georgia and surrounding states as well. You can find more information about the Georgia Public Safety Training Center at http://www.gpstc.org/.

Other sources of information concerning hazards at indoor grows include 1. National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Recommendations for Safe Reoccupancy of Marijuana Grow Operations. Vancouver, B.C. 2009 2. Virginia Association of Hazardous Materials Response Specialists. Dangers of indoor marijuana grow sites. Richmond, Va. 2010 3. J.M. McPartland. Microbiological contaminants of marijuana. Journal of the International Hemp Association 1: 41-44 Middleberry, Vt.2010 4. Arizona Department of Public Safety WMD Haz-Mat Section. Officer Safety Information: New Guidelines For Indoor Grow Operations. Arizona Counter-Terrorism

CAGE: Corrections Anti-Gang Enforcement CAGE Tip: Corrections is an incredible source of criminal intelligence for the entire criminal justice system and the community. The corrections population is a direct reflection of the community and their elements. Law enforcement professionals for decades now have highlighted the success of gang enforcement initiatives by stating as the final measure of success and completion of an investigation or operation, “we put them away,” “we sent them to prison.” Convicted gang members do not disappear into some black hole, or reside in cells with no outside stimuli or contact with the outside world, as the entertainment and movie industry have portrayed and the public has been led to believe. In most cases, their level of gang involvement increases.

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HUNTER GLASS |

Monsters “Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And if you gaze long enough into an abyss, the abyss will gaze back into you.” - Friedrich Nietzsche

Earlier I used the term Familiar which is an important term as it is usually the first step in becoming a Gang Cop, Expert, Aficionado or any of a variety of titles.

For those of us who Work, Study and Live amongst Gangsters should pay close attention to these haunting and poetic words. Whether they be Crips, Bloods, Narco’s or Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (OMG’s) we are each drawn to our particular poison. We can be attracted to their wicked culture like a moth to a flame and those who say they are impervious to such matters are only lying to themselves. It is almost a prerequisite for the job. Within a short time we begin to segregate ourselves into preference oriented groups. Those who prefer Street Gangs will give them priority over OMG’s and those that prefer OMG’s will give them priority over Cults and those that prefer Cults can matrix cults into everything.

Familiarization with Gangs can occur gradually or expeditiously as in a crime. To the uninitiated this step is very important. Becoming familiar with the gang is as important as becoming familiar with your gangster as the two are one.

For those of us over fifty that did not grow up in places like Chicago, Los Angeles or New York City we were likely introduced to organized street gangs after becoming a Law Enforcement Officer (LEO). I personally grew up in New Orleans in the 60’s and 70’s and was mildly aware of the Mafia, Neighborhood Street Gangs (Wards) and some OMG’s. Today New Orleans is saturated with Traditional, Non-Traditional, Latino, Asian gangs and good old Mobsters. So much for progress. I was not familiar with gangs like Crips, Bloods and Gangster Disciples until around 1993 while assigned as a School Resource Officer (SRO) at a Middle School that represented every poor neighborhood that the local government could surgically fit. The zone looked like a piece of a jigsaw puzzle but that is a topic for another article.

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   

Is the gang racist? Is the gang sexist? Is the gang traditional? Etc.

Familiarization is a major step in understanding gang life and the reasons for their behaviors and reasons for their crimes. In order to truly begin to familiarize yourself with a gang you must learn how to associate with them. Association is another big step in dealing with gangs as they are xenophobic by nature. Just like a new gang member how you start with the gang is indicative as to where you will rank with the gang. This association is nothing more than a gauge of trust that will determine how far you will be able to infiltrate the gang and their world. Infiltration can be conducted on several levels. Many of us assume that infiltration only operates in an Undercover (UC) capacity and for many of my good friends this has been their legacy. Infiltration is merely the art of making one or many believe you are a kindred spirit to some degree and because of that you have their back in one way or another.

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This is a necessity to anyone dealing with gangs in a UC position or not. Here in lies the danger. For in order to infiltrate one must be willing to sacrifice some part of their soul to maintain that level of intimacy with the gang. Like Dr. Doolittle we want to walk with the animals, talk with the animals, grunt and squeak and squawk with the animals. Whether it is casting a blind eye to a behavior that disgust you or the act of bonding with a member your actions and demeanor will be judged by someone in the gang. Some of them you will never trust and some of them will never trust you. The longer you make the sacrifice to understand this enigma the higher the likelihood you will develop some form of compassion for it. Clothing, attire and speech can become second nature or “second you”.

Bonus Material (not associated with previous article)

Although you may hate the game doesn’t mean you hate the players. I myself have become fond of some of the Ballers I’ve known but this doesn’t mean I would cross a busy street to piss on them if they were on fire. Compassion is a dangerous act. It has led many a good man to a prison or an altar. Although the two are not far apart. It is hard not to be compassionate on some level as you have invested so much time in this relationship. Compassion is also a stone’s throw from Infatuation and that my friends is the most deadly of all. Infatuation can pull you down faster than a fat kid drowning at a YMCA Summer Camp. It doesn’t matter if you are a law enforcement professional, mental health provider, consultant or a writer, infatuation with a gang can lead you down a blind road that you cannot return. So the next time you find yourself gazing into the abyss and you begin to feel that spatial disorientation of falling pay attention to that hypnic jerk that snatches you back to reality before you fall in. Are you the Monster or something else? Remember you place in the universe and choose wisely. 26 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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EDWIN SANTANA | @njgangs

So Ya Wanna Be a “Gang Cop” street/prison gangs. Sometimes the attempt to enter into the field can be discouraging but if you are truly passionate in becoming a successful “Gang Cop”, the resources, tools and advice are not too far away. The following is a collection of personal experiences and guidance from various law enforcement professionals that I consider friends, mentors and icons in our vocation. Nobody really wakes up one day to say that they want to start working on becoming a gang specialist. I for sure as hell did not. Yet, nineteen years into my career, I have built my career in training civilian & law enforcement personnel on gang awareness & identification along with studying and investigating the underground culture of criminal gangs that corrupt our communities and the concrete confinements of our various correctional institutions and neighborhood streets. Throughout these years of becoming a street/prison gang specialist, I have seen many influential individuals that have opened the doors to understanding the various cultures of these criminal groups retiring from their law enforcement careers and leaving a gap within our various disciplines of the criminal justice system. I have also witness many individuals attempt to step into the shoes that our mentors have left behind. Some of these individuals that I recognize as “young blood” have their initial passion for working gangs fizzle out, some immediately become disinterested due to the realization of the required commitment, dedication and dangers of becoming a “Gang Cop”. I am also pleased to see a certain percentage pick up where our mentors have left off and begin to pave their own legacy. There are no simple rules and paths to lead you to understanding the intricate culture of

Know Your Gangs & Gang Members In 2010, The New Jersey State Police Gang Survey reported that 45 percent of municipalities and all 21 counties within the Garden State had some categorical level of gang presence. The voluntarily submitted law enforcement survey identified the Bloods, Almighty Latin Kings & Queen Nation (ALKQN), Crips and Mara Salvatrucha (MS13) as the four most influential criminal street gangs within the Garden State. Yet, within this information, an outlook of specific counties identify that municipal and county law enforcement and/or county and state correctional facilities were dealing with an assortment of various inner subgroups. New Jersey’s assorted street/prison gang culture and trend is seen from Northern, Central and Southern New Jersey. In addition, neighboring states outside of New Jersey that are identifying with the presence of Bloods, ALKQN, Crips and MS13 find themselves with distinctive culture and trends that varies the Garden State’s street/prison gangs. For example, Randy Crank, President of the Virginia Gang Investigators Association (VGIA), first identified the Crips, Black Gangster Disciples and home grown gangs as being the primary criminal groups within the state of Virginia upon the VGIA’s formation in 1997. Today, VGIA recognizes the New York Bloods, New Jersey Bloods and


MS13 as the primary criminal street gangs that terrorize their state. Detective Andre Williams of the DeKalb County Police Department’s Gang Unit identifies a mixture of California (West Coast), New York and New Jersey (East Coast) Bloods as the newest criminal trend impacting the state of Georgia. Yet the newest trends that are identified within the Southern States that align the East Coast appear to be one (01) to two (02) years behind that of the Garden State. In conclusion, once an understanding of basic gang 101 is sustained, a “Gang Cop” must make a neutral observation within his jurisdiction and understanding the various differences of gang leaders/members, culture and trends that will vary from individual state, county and/or jurisdiction. Mastering the criminal elements that are identified in either your streets or tiers makes you the expert of your backyard and provides you with the advantage to becoming proactive with gang suppression. Know what happens around you but focus on what is identified in front of you.

focus on their unique street/prison gang cultures, as the Mid-West and East Coast law enforcement bodies took to forming their own respective gang associations. Today within the tri-state region, you will find the New Jersey Gang Investigators Association (NJGIA), New York Gang Investigators Association NYGIA) , Pennsylvania Gang Investigators Association (PAGIA) and the East Coast Gang Investigators Association (ECGIA) leading the efforts to responsibly gather and create a law enforcement network that focuses on their states’ specific street/prison gangs. I recommend taking the time to join these organizations as the networking and resources that membership brings to the individual are invaluable. Keep in mind that there are also specific organizations that focus on specific criminal groups such as the International Latino Gang Investigators Association (ILGIA) and the International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigators Association (IOMGIA). Therefore, I recommend joining more than just one gang investigators association.

Law Enforcement Resources

Interviewing Techniques

Beginning his “Gang Cop” career within the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department (CA) in 1972, Wes McBride was instrumental in cofounding the first gang investigator’s association within the United States that provided various disciplines of the criminal justice system with networking tools to understanding the various Black, White and Brown street/prison gang cultures within Southern California. California Gang Investigators Association (CCIA) was officially incorporated in 1977 with its main mission to have a platform to share intelligence among the various gang units and officers. Wes McBride notes that by shared communication, criminal gang groups and members were proactively being identified within the various Los Angeles County jurisdictions. In turn law enforcement officials were able to proactively respond to the increasing criminal activities of the Bloods, Crips and Mexican Mafia subgroups. Soon after the Northern Gang Investigators Association was established to

The primary teachers that will open up the full understanding to gang culture, history and trends will be the actual gang members. The gang member is the person that lives through the various experiences of initial recruitment, commitment and sacrifices that are taken for their criminal groups. The simple lesson begins by just listening to their story objectively and without prejudice. “You don’t have to be a “Super Cop” to be a “Gang Cop”, explains CGIA Executive Director Wes McBride, “You must learn to listen. You don’t have to love gang members and you’re certainly not the gang member’s best friend, but you must be able to listen to them. They’ll tell you stuff after you get to know them. You have to be able to talk to gang members, to communicate with them and you have to have some empathy.” I routinely begin any interview I conduct by a simple handshake. The handshake is the first sign of breaking down barriers and showing respect to

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the gang member. I do not portray myself to be their “equal” but that simple handshake identifies them as a “person”. Once a flowing form of communication is established with the gang member, your job should be to find enough information to identify how that gang functions. Answers to their gang affiliation (set, clique, tribe), moniker, recruitment techniques, group’s leadership structure, known membership, gatherings, criminal activity and territorial claims should be established, documented and responsibly forwarded for officer and community safety. Obstacles The title “Gang Cop” is not awarded to a person, it is earned through hard work, determination and a deep caring for what is occurring within the community. Just because the uniform reads “Gang Unit” or “Gang Expert” there must also be a passion to successfully understand and suppress the criminal street/prison gang culture. Chuck Schoville, President both the Arizona Gang Investigators Association (AZGIA) and International Outlaw Motorcycle Gang Investigators Association (IOMGIA), explains that, “back in the day, we were a little bit more sincere about the gang problem and today, it appears to be about the title that you get. In the old days, people didn’t care if they were “Gang Cops” or not, as long as they dealt with the gang problem.” As a correctional officer, I have

worked various assignments that dealt specifically with street gang suppression and during each assignment I have witnessed the misguided direction that ranking command gave in improperly investigating, prosecuting and eliminating criminal street gangs. At times, I found myself a target not only by the criminal element but by the administrative forces that attempted to reinvent the wheel when it came to identifying and proactively prosecuting the gang members and gang groups. However I have treated these experiences as growing pains that each and every community, law enforcement agency and/or officer goes through upon identifying this criminal element in their own backyard. We must understand that within The United States, the street/prison gangs that attempt to recruit our children and terrorize our neighborhoods with their drugs and violence are a new breed of monster that quickly infests its claws in our communities. If you are truly dedicated to becoming a “Gang Specialist” and not a “Gang Expert”, your passion, knowledge and hard work will slowly pay off. There will be many obstacles along the way but there will be small moments in your career when through all the craziness time seems to just freeze and you are thanked by your peers and community members for your hard work and dedication. And it is then that you will realize you are making a difference and it all becomes worth the blood, sweat and tears that were sacrificed in becoming a true “Gang Cop”.

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MARK SKILES |

Paradigms in Probation One could argue that probation departments often lean toward one of two paradigms as it pertains to the supervision of offenders. Some lean toward a pro-law enforcement model often times working in concert with law enforcement agencies. From the willingness to freely share information about specific offenders with whichever police officer or deputy calls to actually riding in the same squad car, these are but two examples of this model. The other standard by which offender supervision is performed is more therapeutic in nature. These probation departments are significantly more guarded with the sharing of any information with law enforcement personnel as the offender is viewed as an individual on the cusp of a moral breakthrough. This viewpoint posits that the offender can become a contributing member of society if only offered the opportunity to succeed through behavioral intervention and mentorship. Law enforcement, to a degree, is demonized with said probation department maintaining this stance on the basis of confidentiality and the fragile psyche of the now recovering offender. My experience in this field is that there is a philosophical shift between the aforementioned modalities and that this shift is cyclical occurring every 6 – 10 years. There is no empirical statistic as to the validity of this belief which I can provide other than my own experience. If there was, it would most likely be argued and understandably so. For the sake of discussion, however, perhaps this could simply be considered as mostly accurate so far.

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As the unit for which I worked was a prison diversion program and the offenders on it were usually individuals who were no stranger to state institutions, it was believed this probation unit required a different brand of training than the standard probation officer. Then the philosophical shift occurred. The beginning was subtle. Where once officers in this unit were afforded the opportunity to attend pertinent training one year, that same training was denied the next. Relationships with law enforcement personnel which were fostered were scrutinized as to the motivation and purpose. Specific standards organic to this prison diversion program were verbalized (i.e. the offender has no Fourth Amendment Right) but now were by no means going to be enforced. The shift was complete. Cooperation among probation and law enforcement is all but forbidden because “… they’re [police] going to use us.” This newly adopted phobia is accompanied by the implementation of new risk assessment tools which will be used by all probation officers. This risk assessment is a battery of questions asked by the probation officer to the offender. Based on the information given to the probation officer by the offender, a score is given as to the risk level of the offender. Let me reiterate: based on the information given to the probation officer by the offender, a score is given as to the risk level of the offender. To be more comprehensive, collateral contacts are also used to determine this risk level but the majority of probation officers who required to do this, in my experience, use the offender’s information as the primary source.

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For every therapeutic pundit who would direct me to review statistical analysis or that evidence-based practices which have been conducted for over 20 years would prove that cognitive behavioral treatment reduces criminological thinking and recidivism by “X” percent, I submit that I could find a pro-law enforcement expert who would not have to research much to find evidence refuting therapeutic proof. If the reader disagrees either in part and parcel or only in some of the specifics, could

agreement be found in the idea that individuals are different? If common ground is reached in that individuals are different, could it also be said that strategies in dealing with individuals should be varied? If there is any truth in the last two questions, then why does probation respond with a “one size fits all” approach? It is dangerous. It is myopic. It creates professional animosity between departments who are supposed to be on the same team.

GFORCE Black is open to law enforcement, corrections, probation, parole, and juvenile justice.

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CHRIS RICH |

Sovereign Citizens A growing concern in nation’s correctional institutions According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Sovereign Citizens are anti-government extremists who believe that even though they physically reside in this country, they are separate or “sovereign” from the United States. As a result, they believe they don’t have to answer to any government authority, including courts, taxing entities, motor vehicle departments, or law enforcement.“ By now, we have all heard of the threat that “Sovereign Citizens” pose to law enforcement on the street. Their ideology that laws do not apply to them and their blatant disregard for authority make them a high risk encounter whenever approached by law enforcement. However, these same individuals have gone largely unchecked once they enter our Correctional systems. In only a handful of states are Sovereign Citizens considered a “Security Threat Group” while incarcerated, but almost all states track them in some form or fashion. While inmates with Sovereign Citizen ideologies may not fit the mold of a typical Security Threat Group or gang member, they can be every bit as dangerous and undermining to the security of a facility. While incarcerated, inmates often look for likeminded individuals to flock too, or for ideologies, religions, etc. to follow. Therefore, it is common for incarcerated individuals, who often already hold contempt for authority, to be exposed to Sovereign teachings and take to them. But what does this mean for institutional security? While incarcerated, Sovereign Citizens are known to spout their typical rhetoric to officers and staff as a way to confuse or distract them and they continue with their “paper terrorism” by filing endless grievances, cease and desist orders 33 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

against staff, “warrants” on staff, and questioning and arguing in disciplinary hearings much the same as they have been known to do in court prior to being incarcerated. Unfortunately, their actions serve their purpose well in prison, as staff is often uninformed of Sovereign actions and naive to their methods, which allow them to get away with things that would otherwise be grounds for disciplinary action. To make matters worse, other inmates see these actions and begin studying Sovereign teachings for the sole purpose of making life difficult for prison staff. Many states have seen validated Security Threat Group members beginning to study Sovereign teachings and incorporate them into their gang lifestyle. Gang members are using the guise of Sovereign teachings as a religion and as justification for their antiauthority actions. In at least one case in North Carolina, a Sovereign Citizen helped incite a riot and assaults on staff, carried out by gang members, by shouting his anti-authority rhetoric in order to boost other inmates and justify their actions. Even though Sovereign Citizens have been traditionally nothing more than the sporadic individual who has extremist views, it is becoming more common in the correctional setting that inmates who possess Sovereign ideologies are starting to group themselves under the auspices of “religion”. In particular, inmates have been reported to claim being part of “The Moorish American Government”, which inmates claim makes them exempt from U.S. laws. They hide their teachings and ideologies under the cover of the “Moorish Science Temple of America”, which in many states is a recognized religion. gangenforcement.com


However, it is important to understand that these are two separate entities. More and more often correctional facilities are seeing documents from “The Moorish American Government”, which are directly undermining the authority of staff and posing a threat to institutional security. It is important that all law enforcement and correctional staff become familiar with the

teachings, thought process, and motives of Sovereign individuals. In correctional settings, inmates will cling to Sovereign teachings and use them to frustrate staff, boost each other up, and undermine the authority and safety of the facility. If left unchecked, Sovereign Citizens could easily become the next great threat to of jails and prisons.

Bonus Sovereign Citizen Content for GangEnforcement.com The term ”sovereign citizen” is often used to identify a variety of individuals who share some of the same anti-government beliefs – beliefs that often center around some elaborate conspiracy theory about the government. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, they estimate (as of 2011) that there are approximately 300,000 sovereign citizens in the United States today. The Federal Bureau of Investigation investigates crimes committed by these individuals under their domestic terrorism program. The FBI lists sovereign citizen extremists as being among the top 5 domestic terrorist threats to the United States. The number of sovereign citizens who perceive themselves as revolutionaries is growing. Although the movement has become a jumble of inconsistencies; generally speaking, all sovereign citizens believe that the American Government is a fraud and most sovereign citizens believe that they are immune from all government authority, laws, and regulations simply because they affirmed their ‘sovereignty’. Surprisingly, the most frequent sovereign citizen actions are actually legal - in fact, the bulk of their activities are protected under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. However, some sovereign citizens have engaged in criminal activity and those that have, often believe that they are fighting a war with a tyrannical and criminal government. As such, some sovereign citizens are readying themselves for a clash with law enforcement officers - who they believe is the enforcement branch of the government. It is almost definite that the sovereign citizen movement will continue to grow. Today, there are more and more people claiming to follow the movement than ever before and their tactics are being adopted by others - some of which who have additional extremist beliefs. It is important that every law enforcement officer and government official understand and manage the potential hazards they could face when they encounter an individual who adheres to the beliefs of the sovereign citizen movement. They can do so by learning to recognize sovereign citizens by the key phases they use when speaking and by the types of documents that they file. Sovereign citizens often present fraudulent documents misrepresented as something else. Additionally, law enforcement officers and government officials should understand that sovereign citizens believe that, regardless of the circumstances, they have no authority over them. Some sovereign citizens may even take violent action in support of this belief. Be prepared with adequate personnel and awareness.

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VISIT TODAY – AND EVERY DAY The new GANGENFORCEMENT.com will make a difference in your day, career, investigations and success.

Website is Responsive to Desktop, Laptop, Tablet and Smartphone

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RON “COOK” BARRETT | @gangprevention

Right around the corner Waking up every morning for school used to be the same ol’ drag…motivating myself to get out of bed by rockin’ some beats on my cd player, splashing some water on my face, brushing my grill and bounce out of the house. I always looked forward to the adventurous journey through the hood, filled with shortcuts thru alleys; backyard brushes with neighborhood dogs, a stop at the neighborhood bodega, with the sounds of adults arguing and buses braking filling the air. I remember becoming bolder as the grades passed; 3rd, 4th, then 5th and 6th, …cursing along with my favorite songs, creating a “bop”…. my signature stroll that emphasized my attitude. The world was mine and growing up was a snap, elementary school was right around the corner, but middle school was awaiting and that meant different teachers, more freedom, my own locker and most of all…..more girls. Middle school also meant an extra six blocks were added to my journey; six blocks farther than I ever traveled before, no big deal….right? Chapter 1 The next school year started with me arguing with my mom about my school clothes. She bought me the same ol’ shirt and pant outfits I wore in 6th grade. I needed to step my game up and dress the way middle schooler’s were dressing. Oversized t’s of all colors, Polo tops, Tru Religion jeans, everyone was sporting the latest fashions. I lost the argument as usual and on the first day of school, tried to hook up my outfit the best I could. I didn’t need much motivation to get up for the first day; anticipation of being in “middle school” was enough to keep me up half the night. My mom told me to be careful and “smart”, as she always did, and to get right to school and “act like I know”. As I ran out the front door, I realized my best friend, whom I’ve 37 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

always walked with to elementary school, was taking a bus to a private school and that left me solo for the first time. I put on my IPod and turned on my music and was off…. The first few blocks seemed like I was going back to elementary school except for the right turn on the “Ave.”, as it was called, and six more blocks to the monstrous building that housed me and 900 other students. The “Ave.”, was the main strip in our city and it contained the majority of the businesses, chicken shacks and more liquor stores than I could count. I walked in the mass of people who were rushing to go their trains, buses and jobs. I saw the school in the horizon and also started seeing other kids flowing onto the “Ave.” I wanted to stop by the closest bodega to school to load up on my “energizers”…….gum, chips, and skittles. I noticed a large group of students were hanging by a store called Manny’s and figured it was the spot. As I approached the store, I noticed the older kids were all wearing the clothes I TOLD my mom I should’ve bought…fresh jeans, Polo t-shirts, fitted caps, everything!! I walked in and surveyed the store looking for the candy section. The store was filled with kids and was noisier than the store I was used to going to in elementary school. I spent my lunch money on my sugar fix and headed out the door. As I walked back onto the “Ave.”, a short pudgy kid who was wearing the same color t-shirts as the others he was with, bumped into me causing me to drop my bag of goods to the sidewalk, causing a roar of laughter from his friends. I instinctively bent over to retrieve my candy and figured it was just an accident and expected an “excuse me” from the boy. I straightened up and glanced in his

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direction, he said, “you got a problem?” and continued to stare at me. The rush of nervousness went straight down my spine and it was a feeling I wasn’t used to. I continued walking towards school and heard him and his friends making fun of my clothes and laughing. I remember asking God to someday let me see that boy alone, without his friends, we’d see who would laugh then. At school I was overwhelmed with the size of the building, the number of buses in front, everything!! I had no choice but to handle my biz and do what I gotta do. The first day went by like a flash…it seemed like it was over before it started! I thought…cool….this is gonna be a snap. I went home the same way I came to school and as I passed Manny’s, I noticed the pudgy boy and his friends were still there. I crossed to the other side of the street, avoiding any possibility of a confrontation. I noticed a girl from my homeroom was also walking on the same side and we smiled at each other nervously as we strode along side each other. She said “hi” to me and I returned the gesture feeling a sense of relief that I didn’t have to say something first. She said her name was Tameka and I introduced myself awkwardly, “I’m Vonnie”. She asked where I was going and I told her I live down the “Ave.” about 6 blocks away, coincidentally, she lived on the “Ave.”, right where I turn to head home. We talked about our previous schools and how our first day went, I told her the problem wasn’t school, and it was the boys at the store next to school. She proceeded to laugh and said, “Them Bloods….them boys is wack!!…..don’t sweat them.” I heard about Bloods and Crips and knew they were around my area but outside my school? They didn’t look like Bloods? What does a Blood look like? I laughed along with Tameka and continued home. Chapter 2 The next day, I traveled the same route and hoped I would see Tameka on the way down the “Ave.”. As I turned into the sunshine beaming brightly in my eyes, I squinted into the distance looking towards school. I didn’t see Tameka and 38 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

figured I’d catch up to her in homeroom. My next thought was my stop by the bodega and a run in with my pudgy friend. I was a block away when I saw the faint image of oversized maroon t-shirts and then I saw my nemesis. I tried to act like I didn’t notice him and strolled into the store looking to purchase my goods…..first mission complete…..now out the door. I walked quickly out the door when one of the boys in a maroon shirt, spit in my direction, missing my pants by inches. I continued to walk when I suddenly felt the wetness of liquid drench my pant leg. I turned and saw a half empty soda can lying next to me and then heard the laughs from the boys in maroon. Furious, I looked at the group and let my anger shine, reaching down at the can, I asked who threw it. A tall, lanky boy stepped to the front and removed a brown bandana out of his back pocket shouting, “You got beef with NSB?” Hearing this, the rest of the students who were in the area started to surround us, looking to see what was going on. I nervously looked around trying to spot a familiar face to come to my allegiance, to no avail. The boys approached me and again asked if I had beef with NSB, to which I responded, “No”. They got charged up by my meager response and fed off my vulnerability and nervousness continuing to create a scene. The feeling of helplessness and embarrassment was too overwhelming to put in words. It didn’t take long for the word to spread around school about me being “punked” by NSB and any thought of a “reputation” like I had in elementary school, was being flushed down the toilet. I always thought of myself as popular, well liked, and all those things kids look for…now I’m being treated just the opposite. After school, I walked home and saw Tameka walking with some of her friends. I wasn’t up to being ridiculed anymore, so I figured I’d mind my business and walk home alone. Tameka shouted “hi” to me and I waved hello back at her. She ran across the street with her friends and they surrounded me asking 10,000 questions gangenforcement.com


about NSB. I tried to be as cool as I could and played it off as if it was nothing, just another walk in the park, no big deal. I though I had them fooled when Tameka commented on how she heard I was “shook” and didn’t even look them in the face. My machismo deflated like a tire and I couldn’t comment to defend myself. I tried to change the subject when Tameka’s friend, Shantell, said NSB is scared of her brothers Crip set TTP. She said everyone knows about TTP and they “run things”. Run things? What does she mean? Shantell proceeded to describe how her brother has mad jewelry and a “tricked out” car with chrome rims and a DVD player in the car. Everybody in school always talks about those rims and platinum jewelry and being gangsta, you mean to tell me her brother is one of them? We walked down the “Ave.” and I was ready to turn towards home when I heard loud music and a car approached us. Shantell smiled and said, “That’s my brother RJ!” the window rolled down and an arm with a huge gold watch came out. The next thing I saw was big chain and pendant hanging around his neck, the latest Polo gear, just like the rappers wear. He called Shantell over and I saw him give her a wad of money and tell her a list of things to do. When he rolled away, I asked her what he gave her and she showed us all the money! She must have had $500 in assorted bills!! It was the most money I ever saw and I asked her what she was gonna do with it. She laughed at me and said, “Go shopping stupid!” She was to give her mom $250 and the rest was hers to do what she pleases. Wow! Everything I'm looking for; protection, power, money, belonging and respect - Shantell’s brother has; now how do I get it? The above was one of a million scenarios in the lives of kids across our country. They are looking for a sense of purpose and think that gangs are the solution. Vonnie is searching for many things, he’s scared, he wants acceptance and just wants to fit in. Children as young as 8 39 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

years old are now mimicking gang signs, gang dances and gang slang. We have created a culture where you get more love and respect coming home from prison, than you do coming home from college. Families must provide the 3 major components in life we all need; protection, belonging and respect. Gangs provide a false sense of the same values. The rise in “latch key” children and unsupervised youth that are searching for voids to be filled in their lives, are feeding grounds for gangs. The lure of fast money, material things, family security, peer pressure, fear, boredom; there are many reasons that gangs are attractive and our society has to start working together to combat this epidemic. The popularity of social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram have now enhanced the spread of gangs and the exploitation of the culture. Youth gangs now plague urban, suburban and rural areas across our country. The suggestion of having just “wannabe’s” is the wrong approach, a wannabe is a gonnabe. Denial is still a very big factor in communities struggling with youth gangs and youth at risk of gang behavior. The availability of drugs and the lack of positive alternatives for youth are just a few factors in the growth of gangs. The “strong” parts of our communities have to assist the “weak” parts of our communities with social intervention and positive diversions. These opportunities along with structured programs must be available for our youth, especially in the vital hours between 4pm to 9pm, when most youth are out of school and more criminal activity takes place. Combating gangs is not just a law enforcement problem; it’s a family and community problem. Combining prevention and intervention such as proper awareness programs, educational and job opportunities, social intervention and family support, along with proactive law enforcement suppression, we can continue to save lives and create a stable environment for our children. gangenforcement.com


Insane Gangster Disciples Artwork

Insane Gangster Disciples Notice the: pitchforks, heart w/ wings, 6-point star, upside down 5, symbol style writing.


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RUSTY KEEBLE | @rustykeeble

Gang Enforcement | Black The Future of Gang Enforcement is Black. In 2009, The Gang Enforcement Company changed the game when we launched the first of its kind Gang Enforcement Network (GFORCE Net); an online secured network where gang enforcement officers from throughout the United States and eventually some 16 nation’s could connect, network, and share information about the gang trends they were seeing and more importantly to be able to Request for Assistance (RFA) from others when they needed it. Called the LinkedIn for Gang Enforcement Professionals, GFORCE Net was a disruptor in gang enforcement networking. In 2014, we launched the first of its kind online gang training format with the then National Gang Academy. GFORCE’s training and education arm; the National Gang Academy was the new hybrid of gang training and operations that provided premier gang training for national and international law enforcement, corrections, probation and military police personnel. No other company in the world, with the sole mission of developing today’s gang enforcement professionals had strategically positioned it’s self to develop and provide the most up-to-date street and prison tested gang training in the world. With the benefit of having a comprehensive cadre of law enforcement, corrections, terrorism, and extremism specialists, along with leadership, management, technology, and military operators, The Gang Enforcement Company now has the resources and international network to change the game again. In October 2015, we have set out to raise the bar again and change how gang enforcement professionals communicate, network, and get trained with the launch GFORCE Black.

A three-pronged initiative focused on Communications, Networking, and Education; we have partnered with innovative tech companies to deploy new technologies providing a mobile communications application platform using military grade security and encryption systems and an online on-demand education platform in order to deliver 24/7/365 access to the Gang Enforcement Network, Training, Certifications and Academies.

The Future of Gang Enforcement is Black! 42 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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Gang Enforcement Mobile Network On September 22, 2015, we announced the prelaunch of the new secured Gang Enforcement Mobile Network and began to deploy it out to existing GFORCE PRO Members introducing them to a new innovative way to connect, communicate, network and share information in real time, via a secured mobile application on their smartphone, tablet and even their desktop. The new application allows member subscribers to share information in a variety of formats such as text, video, photo, audio, pdf and word.

Imagine being able to record a 15-20 second audio explaining what you need assistance with and then sending that out to the network for assistance or to a smaller more specific group giving you more strategic requests for assistance parameters. Or use the very cool “off the record” feature where you can communicate with a colleague on the network secretly and the communication deletes itself like a “self-destruct” button.

Gang Enforcement On-Demand Training In Mid-October 2015, we will be launching the new online on-demand training platform that will provide 24/7/365 access to threat related training which will be assigned a security level for those in criminal justice, private security, academia, college student and the general public.

This is also a game changer for agencies who have limited training budgets but have a need to provide threat related training to their officers. Concerns about travel, logistics, and losing your officers for days at a time due to attending off site or out of state training are now a thing of the past.

GFORCE Training is a blended experience using power-point video, audio, pdf, reading assignments, and in some cases testing requirements all accessible, via your smartphone, tablet or desktop at your pace and according to your schedule. Schedule your training around your day not your day around your training.

You can now have the best trained certified workforce for a fraction of the cost of traditional training and due to the tremendous reduction in savings; officers can now invest in themselves without having to kill themselves in overtime or go in debt to do it and that is what excites us the most. Join GFORCE Black Today!

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GANG ENFORCEMENT | @gangpro

Gang Enforcement Academy

Gang Enforcement Academy Journal

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Gang Enforcement Academy Ops Manual

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GS KLIVANS |

Gang Codes The Contraband Code Contraband doesn’t creep into a correctional facility on little cat feet, like the fog described by Carl Sandburg. Contraband is brought in deliberately and secretly. To do so, inmates need to be able to give very specific instructions to a co-conspirator outside the facility. This person is often a member of the same gang, a family member or a girlfriend / boyfriend. In order to arrange for the contraband to be brought into the facility the inmate and the co-conspirator often use a code like the case we’re about to examine in (Illustration #1). This illustration shows a complete page and two lines that were on a second page

As you examine (Illustration #1), look closely for any patterns that will give you an idea what words the symbol groupings may be. 45 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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Illustration #2: I have identified one major pattern. The letters “YP� indicate the end of each word and each sentence. Now that you can identify a symbol group, look for a pattern that identifies what the meaning of a group may be.

If you were looking closely, you would have seen the pattern shown in (Illustration #3) Illustration #3: Examine the pattern and see if it matches a pattern you are familiar with. Look at the pattern this way: ???-???-????.

Did you come up with a telephone number? Something like, (518)-123-4567. Now you need to examine the sample further and look for other patterns.

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Illustration #4: I have identified a four-symbol group that begins and ends with the same symbol. Think about some words that match this pattern.

How about words like: GanG, BomB, ThaT, DeaD, KicK, etc.

The word turned out to be “that� which gave us the start to deciphering the code and enabled me to create the template shown in (Illustration #5).

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Now that we have deciphered the code, we can transcribe the sample and see what intelligence can be gathered from the message. The translated message is shown in (Illustration #6).

The “MRR STRIPS” seems to refer to Suboxone, a narcotic that can be used to detox from drugs and can be used like Methadone. Suboxone can be given as a strip that dissolves in your mouth, which is why the writer is concerned about not getting the strips wet. You will note that the writer gives very specific instructions about how to wrap the contraband. And that pattern (???-???-????) that could be a phone number? Turned out to be “SIR-RAN-WRAP” or Saran Wrap! In this example, contraband didn’t creep into the facility on little cat feet, but rather, it was wrapped in Saran Wrap and rubbers.

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of all violent crime can be attributed to criminal street gangs.

Really, we can’t make this stuff up. Isn’t it time to admit that we have a gang problem in this county?

Get your agency trained and better prepared strategically and tactically to combat gang crime, violence and warfare, Enforce. We Will. 49 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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GANG ENFORCEMENT | @gangpro

Gangs have developed their own spoken language or terminology. Depending on which gang you are dealing with the language will vary. Members find many ways to say the same thing. The vocabulary can be extensive and confusing. We must understand that this terminology, like all terminology, is a dynamic and evolving part of the language. It is constantly changing. Slang also varies from area to area. This is just a sample of the 10,000 terms and definitions we currently have on file. 5-0: Police 13: Same as SUR 187: Murder (California penal code) 911: Police ACE KOOL: Best friend/Backup A.K.: AK-47 rifle AK/UZI: Semi-auto weapon ALL THAT: In possession of all good qualities. A.R.: AR15 rifle AY YO TRIP: Phrase to seek attention, compare check this out. BAG UP: To laugh real hard at something; To be caught or arrested by the police. BANG: To fight to kill. BANGER: Someone associated with gangs and murder. BANGING: Doing gang activity BARRIO: Neighborhood BASE HEAD: Person hooked on cocaine BEING (DOWN) WITH SOMETHING: Favoring something; thinking the same way.

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B.G.: A baby gangster is someone who has not shot anyone yet, as opposed to an OG who has. B.K.: Blood killer B.K.A.: Blood killer always BLACK GANGSTER DISCIPLE: A Chicago based street gang, founded in the late 60, early 70s many experts feel that they are the for-runner to the Crips. Although the BGD's often wear blue, it's not mandatory. The major way to tell members of this gang is by the way they wear their caps with the brim cocked to the right. BLOOD: A member of a LA gang whose color is red. Piru/Non-Crip. BLOB/SLOB: Crips' derogatory term for a Blood BLUNT: MARIJUANA. Marijuana cigarette, herb stuffed cigar, generally phillies. BO/BUD: Marijuana BONED OUT: Quit/Chickened out/left BOOK: Run/Get away/Leave BONE: To have sexual intercourse; penis; one dollar; core, soul; to bone out, as in leaving. BOOTY: Not good; lacking; bottom, ass, or getting a piece of ass; biblical, as in pirates booty or treasure. Since booty is stolen treasure, it could be good or bad. Often used in the negative today. BOO-YA: Totally DOPE, incredibly fine. BREAK: Run/Get away BREAKDOWN: Shotgun BUCKET: Old, ragged car BULLET: One year in county jail BUMPER KIT: Girl's butt BUMPING TITTIES: Fighting BUSTED/POPPED A CAP: Shot at some one BUSTER: Youngster trying to be a gang member/Fake gang member CAMARADA: Friend

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CAP: A retort/ or, shoot at CARNAL: Brother CARNALA: Sister CHALE: No CHAVALA: Little girl CHECK IT OUT: Listen to what I have to say CHILL OUT: Stop it/Don't do that/Calm down CHINGASOS: Fighting. CHINGATE: Fuck yourself CHIVA: Heroin CHIVERO: Heroin addict CHOTA: Police C.K.: Crip killer CLICK UP: To get along well with a homeboy CLUCK: Cocaine smoker COLORS: Gang colors (on shoes, rag, shoelaces, etc...) COLUM: Colombian Marijuana CON SOFOS (C\S): Anything you say goes back to you twice as bad CONTROZZA CON SOTOAS: Gang hood or gang territory. COURTING IN: Initiation into a gang COURTING OUT: Initiation out of a gang CRAB/E-RICKET: Bloods’ derogatory term for Crips CRANK: A mentally unstable person CRIP: A member of a LA gang whose color is blue; Blue down LA based gang nation CRUMBS: Tiny pieces of rock cocaine

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CUZZ: Crip DEUCE & DEUCE (DOUBLE DEUCE): 22 caliber weapon DIS: Disrespect DOG: Term used to address someone, not derogatory DOWN FOR THE HOOD: Loyal to the neighborhood DROP A DIME: To tell on someone EIGHT TRAY: 83 EL JALE: The job ESE!: Hey, man ESE VATO: Hey, dude FERIA: Money, change. FILA: Knife FILERO: Knife FLAG: Handkerchief in the color of the gang FLYING YOUR COLOR: Wearing colors of your gang FOLK: Blue down Chicago based gang nation FOUR-FIVE: 45 caliber gun FRY: Marijuana laced with embalming fluid FRONT-IN: Talk about someone, embarrass G-RIDE: Stolen vehicle, refers to grand theft auto GAT: Gun GEEKING: Under the influence of crack cocaine HAY SHEN (pronounce Haitian): A popular term for crack cocaine used mainly in the Deep South although the term is catching on in the Midwest also. It's called that primarily because the pusher know that the drugs are coming to the Gulf Coast from outside of the country on small boats like the Haitians did. JACK: Rob 53 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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JACKIN: Robbery, assault JET: Go or leave. JURA (JUDA): Police KICKIN IT: Taking it easy, relaxing KNOCKIN BOOTS: Having sex. LA LEY: Police, the Law LIT UP: Shot at LOC: From locos meaning crazy; crazy muthafuka. MAD DOG: Hard stare MARIJUANA: Dried leaves and flowering tops of the pistillate hemp plant that are smoked in cigarettes for their intoxicating effect. Also known as bammer, blow, bud, buddha, cannabis, cheeba, chronic, doubage, ganja, grass, green, groove weed, hash, herb, ill, Indo, iszm, Lebanon, Mary Jane (mj), pot, sensi, sess, shake, shit, skunk, stress, tabacci, Thai, wacky and weed. MY BAD: My fault. NEL: No NO DIGGITY: No doubt, without question, for sure, etc. ON HIT: Good, slamming, excellent. ON SWOLL: The same as on hit. O.G.: Original gangster, which you are considered to be when you have killed someone; true; original; someone who is true to the game, who never sold out. PEACE OUT: Bye. PEACE-N: Not looking for trouble PEDO: Fight. PEOPLE: Red down Chicago based gang nation. PHAT, THAT'S: Incredible; great. PIEDRA: Rock cocaine, crack PIRU BLOOD: Red down LA based nation.

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POPO: Police POR VIDA (P\V): Forever PUT IN SOME WORK: Do a shooting QUETTE: Gun ROCK STAR: Cocaine prostitute or user ROOSTER: Piru blood street gang RUKA: Gang chick SALTY, YOU: Think you know everything. SET-TRIPPING: Switching from one gang to another; to get one click to go against, jump, or fight a rival "click" or gang SIMON: Yes SLINGING ROCK: Selling crack cocaine SLOB: A derogatory name blood. SODA: Cocaine STRAPPED: Carrying a gun SUR: South or Southside. TECATO: Heroin addict TRAY-EIGHT: 38 caliber weapon VARRIO: Neighborhood VETERANO: Veteran gang member, war veteran VICE LORDS: Another Chicago based street gang that many consider to be the forerunner to the Bloods. Just as the BDG's wear blue, VLs wear red though not mandatory. Their caps are worn with the brim cocked to the left. VICKIE LUO: A derogatory name for a Vice Lord. WHADUP DAWG: A way of saying hi to your friend

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I

VIII

Honor no Gods except those of your own Folk –

Honor the memory of your kith and kin, especially those who have given their lives or freedom for the Folk –

As alien Gods destroy you.

As your race lives on through your blood and your will.

II Nature’s laws evidence the divine plan – As the natural world is the work of All-Father.

III Act nobly and courageously, always carefully considering the consequences – As the effects of your deeds live on after you pass from Midgard.

IX Respect the wisdom of your elders – As every moment of your lives links the infinite past with the infinite future.

X Honor your mate, provide for your children and carry no quarrel with family to sleep time – As Family is your purpose and fulfillment.

IV Live within the reality of this life; fear not your fate –

XI

As fear is for fools and cowards; a valorous man boldly faces what the Norns decree.

May your word to a kinsman be a bond of steel –

V Love, protect, reproduce, and advance your Folk – As natural instinct prohibits miscegenation and self destruction.

VI Be honest, be disciplined, be productive and loyal to friends –

As your troth is your dignity and your strength of character.

XII Be cunning as the fox with enemies and Skraelings – As their goal is your distinction.

XIII Secure, defend and cherish your homeland – As Nature’s Territorial Imperative demand.

As the Aryan spirit strives for excellence in all things.

VII Treasure your history, heritage and racial identity – As your ancestors have entrusted; it falls with you, it will rise with you

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XIV Live at harmony with Nature and the Folk and compromise not with evil – As racial survival is your perpetual struggle.

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GANG ENFORCEMENT KNOXVILLE

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Source: Google Images

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GANG ENFORCEMENT | @gangpro

Gang Member Contact Tips Regardless of where you work, you will likely face the challenge of approaching gang members at some point in your career. For some of you, this may already be a daily occurrence. For others, it may be less frequent but nonetheless one you must be tactically prepared for. Throughout the Gang Enforcement Academy, we provide you with tips, tactics, and methods to keep in mind when approaching gang members. Below you will find ten examples of good contact tips. Watch out for Dogs Obviously the presence of a dog should warrant special attention, but be aware that gang members have been known to train dogs to respond to non-verbal attack commands like touching a pant leg, pulling on a shirt or dropping a leash. A dog can be a dangerous, even deadly weapon. Handle its presence at the scene as such. Use 'interest' as a means of gathering intelligence You may be surprised at how much can be learned just by asking with interest and waiting for an answer. Whenever possible, ask gang members questions that may yield valuable intelligence information without a demanding or overbearing tone. Ask about things like leadership, new gang members, upcoming activities, problems with rival gangs, shifts in territory...anything and everything that may prove helpful to anti-gang efforts. Be sure to take notes when reasonable and be sure to share the intelligence with your command staff, fellow officers and your gang unit. Stay Alert to Your Surroundings Knowing that they attract police attention, gang members standing in a group on the street may hide their weapons in easily accessible, nearby locations instead of on their person. Hiding spots of choice would be those easily overlooked by officers but offering quick access to gang members. Good examples are inside wheel wells of nearby cars, on top of parked car tires, inside a nearby garbage can, under bushes or under a piece of garbage on the ground. Another surrounding threat may be gang members-both friendly and rival-across the street from your contact, secreted in nearby alleys or in vehicles, driving by. To fellow gang members, your contact with their street brothers and sisters may be considered threatening and warrant distractive, perhaps offensive, action. To rival gang members, your contact with their enemies may be seen as an opportunity to attack while the enemy isn't watching -particularly if the attacker is looking to score points for courage (and stupidity) for attacking in police presence. An ideal gang contact will involve three officers: a contact officer making direct contact with the gang members, a primary cover officer spotting the contact officer and a secondary contact officer scanning the surrounding area for threats. Obviously that kind of personnel isn't always available, but when possible, the three-officer approach is preferable.

59 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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Pay Particular Attention to Juveniles Knowing that underage juveniles may face lesser weapons possession charges than older members and may be considered less threatening to an approaching officer; gangs may have younger members carry their weapons for them. When approaching gang members, stay keenly alert to the younger members, both for the fact that they may be armed and for the fact that, in an effort to impress older members, they may be more inclined to confront, challenge or act violently towards law enforcement. Pay Particular Attention to Females Under the assumption that officers approaching a group of gang members may make the dangerous mistake of disregarding females as less of a tactical risk than males, gang members may have females carry their weapons for them. They may also do so with the thought that male officers without a female partner or a female officer close by may shy away from closely searching a female in the group, particularly if efforts to do so are met with resistance, threats and ridicule. Be prepared to handle females with as much tactical caution and thoroughness as you would with males. Avoid Showing Obvious Disrespect In gang culture, respect is often worth more than gold and can make the difference between life and death. Efforts to degrade; embarrass or show outward disrespect for gang members will likely be met with strong resistance and may incite violence that otherwise could have been avoided. Regardless of your true feelings, try to maintain an air of respect without alluding to weakness, inferiority or lack of control of the situation. A facade of respect will help you maintain control and may yield mutual respect that will prove beneficial at the point of contact and in the future. Do keep in mind, however, that in an arrest situation anything goes. If, for example, a gang member you are arresting asks that you not cuff him until he is out of eyeshot of his associates to avoid embarrassment, this is an obvious no-no. Tactical soundness takes priority over all other considerations. Don't Overreact Overreacting tends to make officers appear to be someone who shows fear. Fear alludes to vulnerability and lack of control, which may increase the chances that combative members may confront you. However, be sure that in your effort to avoid overreacting you don't under react. Remain in control of yourself and the situation while responding with the appropriate level of action. Know your Jargon and Your Facts One of the quickest ways to lose respect, credibility and to put yourself in danger when dealing with gang members is to show signs of ignorance to gang jargon and culture. Although communicating with gangbangers on a colloquial level may facilitate better communication, deeper respect, and may yield more information; if you're not up to date on all the current street terms, don't use them. The same holds true with gang-related facts. If you're not sure of what you're saying, don't say it. In the world of gangs and law enforcement, ignorance is not bliss, it's dangerous. Most street officers who are not specifically assigned to gang units are dealing with all kinds of different people and occurrences. They don't have the convenience of dedicating time to learning lots of gang slang and then staying updated on changes.

60 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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Once you start using slang, you're opening the door to the rest of your conversation being conducted in slang. If you're not fully confident of your ability to speak gang language, it's better to use no slang at all than to toss out a few terms in an effort to be cool, and then find yourself coming up short later in the conversation. Walk the Walk Never threaten anything that you can't or won't follow through on. If you say you're going to respond in a certain way if your questions aren't answered, do it. If you say action will be taken if certain behavior isn't immediately terminated, take it. And on the flip side, if you promise something that you can in fact provide in response to cooperation, follow through on your "agreement." Another quick way to lose credibility and diminish the odds of future cooperation is to make shallow threats and meaningless promises. Pay Close Attention to Clothing Some gang wear is conducive to effectively hiding weapons. Things like baggy pants with deep pockets, oversized shirts, thick coats, and ball caps lend themselves well to secreting a variety of weapons including, of course, guns. Pay very close attention to the movements of gangbangers who may be wearing clothes that are especially good for hiding weapons. Also remember to search very thoroughly and cautiously when that level of contact is warranted. Although these just scratch the surface of the myriad of gang contact tips, they do serve as a solid foundation for your next gang contact. They also serve as a reminder that contact with gang members has unique nuances that can make a dramatic difference between well-controlled contact and a free-for-all. The better prepared you are to recognize them, the better prepared you will be to safely navigate street contact with gang members.

The Gang Enforcement Company | e-Books

61 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

gangenforcement.com


“Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing.” - Benjamin Franklin

Chicago Based Gangs: Beyond Folks & People Retired Chicago PD Gang Detective, Joe Sparks and King County, WA, Gang Specialist Gabe Morales will be releasing a new book in early 2015 entitled “Chicago Based Gangs: Beyond Folks and People”. The writers expose important information useful in developing a thorough knowledge and working grasp of gangs which have now spread to all fifty states and beyond the US. Here are a few exerts: It is interesting, many of the city’s first gangs consisted of different volunteer fire departments that competed with each other. Some of the first documented Chicago street gangs were Irish, many of whom, also ironically later became cops or politicians. There were Irish gangs such as the Dukies and the Shielders who raided the railroad yards, stock yards, and preyed on their own as well other immigrants like the Polish, Germans, and Jews. Sometimes the Irish gangs were referred to as “Mickies” referring to the high number of Irish surnames that began with “Mc”. In Irish communities, sponsorship of gangs by politicians and businessmen transformed them into so called “athletic clubs” like the Hamburg Club, Ragen's Colts, and the Old Rose Athletic Club. Based in saloons and clubhouses, and often claimed membership of over a hundred men ranging from their late teens to early thirties. By the turn of the century, Italian/Sicilian gangs began to take over the crime rackets. The first Vice Lord teacher was Edward “Pep” Perry. He first tried to join the Imperial Chaplains, but was rejected so he started up his own group the “Phantom Burglars”. Once he was locked up at the Illinois Youth Center at St. Charles, Pep and six other boys decided to form the Vice Lords. According to legend, Pep stated “The White man was always the lords of vice. It’s now time for Black people to be vice lords.” The Sixties are known for many things: assassinations of President John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, the King riots, the Democratic National Convention riot, and the Vietnam War protests, but to Joe Sparks, it was a decade of explosive growth for Black street gangs. The Vice Lords actually started in the late 1950s in St. Charles Juvenile Corrections Facility (Charlie Town). But they became the gang that others emulated in the 1960s after many where released and went back to their West Side neighborhoods. They are the oldest and second largest Black street gang and one of the founders of the People Nation. Bobby Gore, along with Blackstone Rangers (El Rukns) Jeff Fort, Black Gangster Disciples under “King David” Barksdale and Larry Hoover, and Latin Kings led by “Lord Gino” Colon became legends. They have uncovered, in this book, the important historical development of Chicago gangs, their roots, their politics, and their propaganda. This book further goes beyond this foundation and provides essential insight, often through personal experiences of the authors, into the pathways of these gangs and their violence to help younger cops and communities learn more. 62 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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63 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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www.GangEnforcement.com

The Gang Enforcement Company Gang Enforcement Center Orlando, Florida

65 GFORCE Sep/Oct 2015

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Profile for Gang Enforcement

GFORCE Magazine | Sept-Oct 2015 | Issue 02  

The Gang Enforcement Magazine; The Official Magazine for Gang Enforcement Professionals

GFORCE Magazine | Sept-Oct 2015 | Issue 02  

The Gang Enforcement Magazine; The Official Magazine for Gang Enforcement Professionals

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