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Issue 61, Apr/May 2018

THE MONTHLY JOURNAL of THE

The resource for health, fitness, coaching, physical education, & recreation professionals.

Mature Fitness by Tammy Petersen

Nutrition by Nancy Clark

Training Guidelines by Wayne Westcott and Rita La Rosa Loud

Create a niche. KNOW. TRAIN. RETAIN.


FROM THE EDITOR Quotes for Your Thoughts All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them. Galileo Galilei Your work is to discover your world and then with all your heart give yourself to it. Buddha

If you find an article in Health and Wellness Across the Gamut of Life! that you feel would be beneficial to a friend, family member or co-worker, all you have to do is forward this link, www.AAHF.info, to that person through email. We welcome your feedback about the contents of this journal and encourage you to submit topics that are of interest to: Pete@aahf.info

Spring is an energizing time of year. It is a time of renewal... discovery and transformation. It is a time for changing our thinking and, in turn, changing ourselves. It is a time to initiate and follow through on endeavors that improve us and those we touch. It is the perfect time to discover truths and act on them. In this month's Gamut; articles address a research proven extremely effective basic introductory exercise program for beginners, relevant healthy lifestyle changes applicable to 47 million Americans and, for athletes, “training” the forgotten gut.

Be knowledgeable! Be successful!

We are committed to our mission of providing education and training for health, fitness, physical education and recreation professionals across the GAMUT of life! Have a question? Want more information on a specific topic? Ask the Experts

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Pete Pete Bazzel Editor-in-Chief 800.957.7348 Pete@AAHF.info www.AAHF.info

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


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INSIDE THIS ISSUE Metabolic Syndrome: A New Focus for Lifestyle Modification

1

Mature Health and Fitness article by Tammy Petersen, MSE

3

Are You Training Your Gut? Nutrition article by Nancy Clark, MS, RD, CSSD

A Basic Exercise Program for Beginning Participants

5

Training Guidelines and Programs article by Wayne Westcott, PhD, CSCS and Rita La Rosa Loud, BS, CPT (AFAA)

Ask the Experts 159

7 21

References

Health and Wellness Across the Gamut of LIFE! is published by the American Academy of Health and Fitness, LLC located in Springfield, Virginia 22153. Copyright 2017.

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


Metabolic Syndrome: A New Focus for Lifestyle Modification by Tammy Petersen, MSE, the Founder and Managing Partner for the American Academy of Health and Fitness (AAHF). She has written two books on adult fitness, SrFit™ and Functionally Fit™, and designed corresponding training programs. Contact info

Personal trainers have the opportunity to do more than just help people they train become more active. We need to be prepared to also help our clients implement lifestyle behavior changes related to stress, family history of coronary heart disease, obesity, smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. A look at what is called metabolic syndrome will help you understand why, even though increasing physical activity levels is the overall best thing you can do for any client, there are additional ways to guide them to a healthier lifestyle. Sometimes you may be able to help them make the changes yourself; and, sometimes you will need to refer them to another health professional like a doctor or dietitian for guidance. Either way, knowing how to help them or when to direct them to someone who is more knowledgeable than you is important. So, first let’s become familiar with the syndrome and the clinical criteria that the doctor uses to diagnose it. Your goal is then to help your clients understand and make the necessary changes so that they don't progress to cardiovascular disease and the almost certain heart attack heart that will be the end result. Cardiovascular disease is still the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and much of this burden of disease can be linked to poor nutrition and a dramatic increase in sedentary lifestyles, leading to overweight and obesity. This increase in weight leads to an increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes, and blood pressure and cholesterol problems, which are all well-established cardiovascular disease risk factors. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III has updated the recommendations for the evaluation and management of adults dealing with

high cholesterol, renewing its emphasis on the importance of lifestyle modifications for improving cardiovascular risk. The NCEP has coined the term “therapeutic lifestyle changes” (TLC) to reinforce both dietary intake and physical activity as crucial components of weight control and cardiovascular risk management. As well as focusing attention on the LDL cholesterol (also called bad cholesterol) levels, the NCEP also identified metabolic syndrome as a secondary target of therapy. Metabolic syndrome (also called insulin resistance syndrome and syndrome X) is characterized by decreased tissue sensitivity to the action of insulin (pre-diabetes), resulting in a compensatory increase in insulin secretion. This metabolic disorder predisposes individuals to a cluster of abnormalities that can lead to such problems as type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease and stroke. The prevalence of the syndrome has increased 61% in the last decade. It is crucial for medical professionals to identify patients at risk and follow these patients closely and counsel them about making lifestyle changes to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. GUIDELINE: According to the NCEP, the criteria for metabolic syndrome includes at least 3 of the follow‐ ing 5 clinical factors Clinical criteria for the metabolic syndrome Risk factor

Defining level

Abdominal obesity Men Women

Waist circumference >40 in (>102 cm) >35 in (>88 cm)

Fasting triglyceride level

>150 mg/dL

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


MATURE HEALTH & FITNESS HDL cholesterol level Men Women

As a fitness professional reading this, hopefully you are not asking yourself “so what?” but are instead seeing an opportunity to educate and motivate your current clients and to use your knowledge to help attract future clients. The medical community is good at diagnosing this syndrome, but not necessarily equipped to provide patients with the tools to be successful with the lifestyle changes they recommend. There exists a wonderful opportunity to build a partnership with physicians in your area. Most physicians will gladly refer patients to you for help with the all-important exercise and nutrition portion of the treatment program. In many cases, you have more knowledge in this area than the physician who has been trained in tertiary, not preventative, (i.e. most MD’s know very little about diet and exercise since this is not a focus in medical school) medicine. Often times all that you will need to get a referral is for the doctor to be aware of your existence and to give them an easy way to get the patient to you. A short introduction letter outlining your qualifications and showing your desire to help people make lifestyle changes is a good start. A personal visit to your primary care doctor and others in your area is even better. But, be prepared to take up just a few minutes of their time to introduce yourself, your idea, and leave your letter and cards.

<40 mg/dL <50 mg/dL

BP

>130/>85 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medication

Fasting glucose level

>100 mg/dL or diabetes

Source: Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. Exec‐ utive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). Bethesda, Md: National Institutes of Health; 2001. NIH publication 01-3670.

Millions of Americans at risk for metabolic syndrome can sharply lower their chances of getting this disease by adopting a healthy lifestyle (stop smoking, low-fat diet, weight loss/ maintenance and increased physical activity). Without diet and exercise modifications, most patients will eventually fail and progress to type 2 diabetes within a decade and experience a heart attack about 10 years later. Experts recommend a diet reduced in saturated fats (<7%), low in cholesterol (<200 mg/day), high in fiber (2030gm/day) and reduced in simple sugars. Weight loss of only 5-7% (less than 15 pounds) can make a big difference in health markers like cholesterol and blood pressure. A program that includes daily exercise reaching 85% of heart rate for age is reported to be of benefit too. However, any exercise is better than none, and a target of 30 minutes every other day is a reasonable level for most people.

References Contact Tammy at Tammy@AAHF.info.

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Are You Training Your Gut? by Nancy Clark, MS, RD, CSSD (Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics), who has a private practice in the Boston area (Newton) where she counsels both casual exercisers and competitive athletes and is author of Nancy Clark’s Sports Nutrition Guidebook. Contact info

Athletes tend to do a good job of training their muscles, heart and lungs. But some of them (particularly endurance athletes and those in running sports) commonly fail to train their guts. As one marathoner reported, “I was so afraid of getting diarrhea during long training runs that I did not eat or drink anything beforehand. I really struggled after 14 miles...” A high school soccer player admitted, “I'm so afraid I'll throw up if I run with food in my stomach.” He ate only a light lunch at 11:00 and then practiced on fumes at 3:30. No wonder he had a disappointing season. An estimated 30-50% of endurance athletes (including up to 90% of distance runners) have experienced gastro-intestinal (GI) issues during and after hard exercise. They fear bloat, gas, nausea, stomach cramps/pain, side stitch, diarrhea, vomiting and urge to defecate. These issues arise during long bouts of exercise because blood flow to the gut is reduced for an extended period of time. When combined with dehydration, elevated body temperature and high levels of stress hormones; normal intestinal function can abruptly end. If you are an athlete with a finicky GI tract, restricting your diet before and during exercise will not solve the problem. You want to learn how to train your gut to accommodate performance enhancing carbs and water. That way, you can train better—hence compete better—without stressing about undesired pit stops. Thankfully, the gut is trainable. Competitive eaters have proven this point. Google Nathans' Hot Dog Eating Competition and watch the video of a champ who stuffed 72 hot dogs into his stomach in 10 minutes. Clearly, he had to train his gut to be able to complete that task.

Competitive eating is unlikely your goal, but you may want to be competitive in your sport. That means you need to fuel wisely in order to perform optimally. While some “keto-athletes” choose to train their bodies to rely on fat for fuel (fat is less likely to cause GI distress), training the gut is a far easier alternative for most of us. The following tips can help you exercise with digestive peace.  Drink enough fluids. Dehydration triggers intestinal problems. Your goal is to drink enough to prevent 2% dehydration (sweat loss of 2 pounds per 100 pounds of body weight from pre- to post-exercise). If you are a “big guy” who sweats heavily, this can be a lot of fluid. For example, a 200-pound football player could easily lose 4 pounds (a half-gallon) of sweat in an hour of exercise. He needs to train his gut to handle fluid replacement during training. He could need as much as 12 to 16 ounces every 15 minutes during a two-hour practice.  Feeling “full” and “bloated” during exercise indicates fluids (and foods) have not emptied from the stomach. This commonly happens during really hard exercise, when reduced blood flow to the stomach delays stomach emptying. Hot weather and prolonged exercise in the heat can also reduce stomach emptying.  You want to dilute highly concentrated carbs (i.e., gels), so be sure to drink enough water during exercise (16 ounces water per 100 calories gel). This will help speed up gastric emptying.  If you plan to eat a peanut butter on a bagel before you compete, you want to routinely eat that before important training sessions. This helps train your gut to accommodate fat

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NUTRITION (sustained energy) as well as carbs (quick energy).  Once carbohydrate (such as sport drink, gel, banana, or gummi bears) empties from the stomach, it enters the small intestine and is broken down into one of three simple sugars (glucose, fructose, galactose). These sugars need “taxi cabs” to get transported out of the intestine and into the blood stream.  Too many gels or chomps without enough transporters can lead to diarrhea. By training with your race-day carbs, you can increase the number of transporters.  If you typically eat a low-carb Paleo or keto-type diet and then on the day of, let's say a marathon, you decide to fuel with carb-rich gels and sports drinks, your body won't have the capacity to optimally transport the sugar (carbs) out of your intestines and to your muscles. You could easily end up with diarrhea.  When planning what to eat during extended exercise, choose from a variety of carbs with a variety of sugars (e.g., sport drink, gum drops and maple sugar candy). This helps prevent the glucose transporters from getting saturated. Too much of one kind of sport food can easily create GI problems.  “Real foods” such as banana, raisins and cereal have been shown to be as effective as commercial sport foods. Your body processes “real food” every day and has developed a good supply of transporters to deal with the carbohydrate you commonly eat. By experimenting and learning what works best for your body, you can fuel without anxiety about undesired pit stops.

 For exercise that lasts for up to two hours, research suggests about 60 grams (240 calories) of carb per hour can empty from the small intestine and get into the blood stream. Hence, that's a good target. For longer, slower events, the body can use 90 grams (360 calories) of carb per hour from multiple sources, as tolerated. Again, train your gut! The bottom line  Train with relatively large volumes of fluid to get your stomach used to that volume.  Routinely eat carbohydrate-based foods before training sessions to increase your body's ability to absorb and use the carbs.  During training, practice your race-day fueling. Mimic what you might eat before the actual competitive event and tweak it until you find the right balance.  If you are concerned about diarrhea, in addition to preventing dehydration, limit your fiber intake for a few days pre-event (fewer whole grains, fruits and veggies).  Reducing your intake of onions, garlic, broccoli, apples, and sorbitol might help reduce GI issues during exercise.  Meet with a sports dietitian to help you create a fueling plan that promotes intestinal peace and better performance. References Contact Nancy at www.nancyclarkrd.com.

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A Basic Exercise Program for Beginning Participants by Wayne Westcott, PhD, CSCS and Rita La Rosa Loud, BS, CPT (AFAA). Wayne directs the Quincy College Fitness Research Programs. Rita is an author and Adjunct Professor at Quincy College. Contact info

Thursday) or 3 days a week (Monday-WednesdayFriday) for 10-week training periods.

Have you ever felt confused about the myriad of strength training models presently being promoted in the fitness market? Do you wonder why there are so many different strength training protocols and workout programs? Variety aside, do you wish that there was a simple and sensible plan for muscle development that involved standard exercise equipment and basic exercise guidelines?

More specifically, the study participants performed 1 set of the following exercises using a weight load that could be lifted for 8 to 12 repetitions, at a movement speed of 6 seconds per repetition (2 seconds concentric muscle action and 4 seconds eccentric muscle action). Whenever 12 repetitions were completed with proper form, the weight load was increased by approximately 5 percent.

Good news! There is a highly effective and timeefficient strength training program that is relatively easy for beginning exercisers to understand and implement. It is essentially the strength training protocol that was recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American Heart Association (AHA) in 20071. These guidelines call for participants to select 8 to 10 standard exercises that address the major muscle groups and to perform each exercise for at least 1 set of 8 to 12 repetitions 2 or 3 non-consecutive days a week.

Weight stack Machines Leg Extension

Biceps Curl

Leg Curl

Triceps Extension

Double Chest

Abdominal Curl

Pullover

Low Back Extension

Lateral Raise

Neck Flexion/Extension

Program Participants

This basic strength training protocol is not difficult to implement, and it typically takes less than 20 minutes to complete the workout. We conducted a research study using the ACSM/AHA strength training protocol as well as the ACSM/AHA recommendations for endurance exercise, namely, 20 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity 3 days a week1.

Over the study period, more than 1,600 men and women between 21 and 80 years of age completed the 10-week ACSM/AHA recommended beginner exercise program. Due to the relatively small percentage (5%) of participants in the 1 day per week frequency, we will report only on the subjects who trained 2 days a week (53%) and 3 days a week (42%). All aspects of the exercise programs except for the training frequency were identical for all of the study subjects.

Research Study Our large-scale research study implemented the ACSM/AHA training recommendations using a small class format, in a private exercise room, with careful instruction and close supervision.4 The exercise classes, offered hourly throughout the day, were limited to 6 participants with 2 instructors; and, included 20 minutes of strength training (10 weightstack machines) and 20 minutes of aerobic activity (treadmill or recumbent cycle). Classes were held 1 day a week (Saturday), 2 days a week (Tuesday-

Program Results Before and after the 10-week basic exercise program all of the participants were carefully assessed for body composition and resting blood pressure. Participants who trained 3 days a week experienced approximately a 2 percent decrease in percent fat, a 4 pound decrease in fat weight, a 3 pound increase in lean weight, a 5 mmHg reduction in resting systolic blood pressure and a 2 mmHg reduction in resting diastolic blood pressure. (Please see Table 1.)

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TRAINING GUIDELINES AND PROGRAMS improved their body composition by almost 6.5 pounds over the 10-week training period.

Participants who trained 2 days a week attained approximately a 2 percent decrease in percent fat, a 3 pound decrease in fat weight, a 3 pound increase in lean weight, a 3 mmHg reduction in resting systolic blood pressure and 1 mmHg reduction in resting diastolic blood pressure. (Please see Table 1.)

Finally, our beginning exercisers were receptive to the ACSM/AHA strength-training guidelines, as evidenced by their participation rates. More than 90 percent of the class registrants completed the 10week training program, attending more than 80 percent of their scheduled sessions, and reporting high levels of satisfaction with the exercise protocol (4.9 on a 5-point scale).

All of the body composition and blood pressure changes represented significant improvements (P<.05) over initial measures, indicating that the standard ACSM/AHA exercise guidelines are effective for fitness enhancements in new participants. Perhaps the most impressive outcome was the 3 pound gain in lean (muscle) weight obtained by both training groups. Apparently, performing basic and brief strength training sessions either 2 or 3 nonconsecutive days a week is sufficient for stimulating significant muscle development in beginning exercisers.

Although advanced participants may require more challenging strength training programs for continued improvement, the ACSM/AHA exercise guidelines appear to be particularly appropriate for previously sedentary adults and seniors. Based on this large-scale study these standard exercise recommendations provide a basic, brief, simple, sensible, efficient and effective strength training protocol that appears to be highly productive for beginning exercisers from a health and fitness perspective.

The lean weight gain is noteworthy because resistance training associated with 3 pounds of muscle gain has demonstrated a 7 percent increase in resting metabolic rate2,3. Of course, a higher resting metabolic rate is advantageous for fat loss and weight management.Combining the average lean weight gain (+3 pounds) with the average fat loss (-3.5 pounds), our study participants actually

References Contact Wayne at wwestcott@quincycollege.edu. Contact Rita at plloud@msn.com.

TABLE 1. Body Composition and Blood Pressure Responses to 10-week Training Program Using the

ACSM/AHA Exercise Guidelines1

Exercise Frequency Factor Percent Fat (%) Fat Weight (lb.) Lean Weight (lb.) Systolic Pressure (mmHg) Diastolic Pressure (mmHg)

2 Days/Week -1.9* -3.2* +3.1* -3.1* -1.4*

3 Days/Week -2.2* -4.4* +3.1* -4.6* -2.2*

Total -2.0a -3.7* +3.1* -3.8* -1.8*

a.statistically significant change from beginning value (P<.05)

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Ask the Experts NAOMI AARONSON – MIND BODY Naomi Aaronson, MA OTR/L CHT CPI, is an occupational therapist, certified hand therapist, and mat Pilates instructor who believes in the power of exercise in recovery. Naomi’s articles have been featured in IDEA Fitness Journal, Occupational Therapy ADVANCE, and Women and Cancer magazines. She is the co-author of the continuing education courses Return to Life: Breast Cancer Recovery Using Pilates, Breast Cancer Recovery: On Land and In Water, and The Breast Cancer Recovery Exercise Program. Naomi offers live courses through Integrated Rehabilitation and Fitness. recovercises@aol.com

www.recovercisesforwellness.com

PHIL ALWITT – CORE STRENGTH AND STABILITY Phil Alwitt is the founder and CEO of MyCore Health, Inc. and an expert in developing products to improve peoples' health and quality of life-from robotic exoskeletons to the CoreCoach pressure biofeedback device. As an entrepreneur and product developer Phil works with the industry's leading fitness and medical professionals to guide the success of the products he develops. Phil is the recipient of multiple patents, product design awards and, as an athlete with decades of chronic back pain, is the beneficiary of many of the products he develops. www.corehealthbrands.com

palwitt@corehealthbrands.com

PETE BAZZEL – EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Pete Bazzel, MS, CPT (ACE), is Partner and Editor-in-Chief for the American Academy of Health and Fitness (AAHF); served in the military, retiring as a Colonel; then led the Washington, D.C. regional growth of Town Sports International from 3 to 17 clubs. He co-created SrFit™ and JrFit™, 19-24 hour continuing education specialty certification courses focusing on mature adult and youth fitness respectively; and Move More, Eat Better - YOU Matter!™, a lifestyle change course for the general public. He is a World Tae Kwon Do Federation Black Belt. Pete@AAHF.info

www.AAHF.info

MELISSA BAUMGARTNER – WELLNESS COUNSELING Melissa Baumgartner, CPT (ACE, ACSM, AFAA and WellCoach), is co-owner of Midwest Fitness Consulting, LLC, a company in the St. Louis area that specializes in worksite health promotion; and creator of LWC, a Lifestyle Wellness Coaching program. Melissa has worked in the health and fitness industry for 25 years, spending the last twelve as an educator, speaker and author. She has presented to thousands of people spreading her message on happiness and well-being. www.melissabaumgartner.com

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RANDALL BROAD – BUSINESS OF PERSONAL TRAINING Randall Broad is an entrepreneur, business founder, and the guiding force behind several enterprises. After working in the aerospace industry, he moved to Hollywood to embrace his dream of being an actor, making commercials and being a leading man stunt double. In 1990, he founded Opal Enterprises, a marketing services company. A cancer survivor, he now takes the stage professionally to share his lessons on living a work/life balanced existence. In the book he co-authored, It's an Extraordinary Life, he has chronicled his experiences and adventures for future generations to learn from and enjoy. www.itsanextraordinarylife.com

www.cancersurvivorsinspiration.com

BRADLEY J. CARDINAL – EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCE Bradley J. Cardinal, Ph.D., is a Full Professor in Exercise and Sport Science at Oregon State University. In 2009 he received the university’s Elizabeth P. Ritchie Distinguished Professor award. He previously served on the faculties of Wayne State University (Detroit, MI) and Eastern Washington University (Cheney, WA). He is Fellow #475 of the National Academy of Kinesiology; a Fellow in the American College of Sports Medicine; a Fellow in the North American Society of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance Professionals; and a Fellow in the Research Consortium of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance.

Brad.Cardinal@oregonstate.edu

http://health.oregonstate.edu/people/cardinal-bradley

JOHN PAUL CATANZARO – PERSONAL TRAINING John Paul Catanzaro, BSc Kin, CSEP-CEP is a Certified Exercise Physiologist with a Bachelor of Science degree in Kinesiology and Health Science. He owns and operates a private facility in Richmond Hill, Ontario providing training and nutritional consulting. John Paul has authored two books, The Elite Trainer (2011) and Mass Explosion (2013), and has released two DVDs, Stretching for Strengthening (2003) and Warm-Up to Strength Training (2005), which have sold copies worldwide, been featured in several magazines, and have been endorsed by many leading experts. In 2013, John Paul released two new webinars, Strength Training Parameters and Program Design and Body Composition Strategies. www.CatanzaroGroup.com

SHARON CHAMBERLIN – PERSONAL TRAINING Sharon Chamberlin, BA, CPT (ACE), Fitness Nutrition Coach (NESTA), Lifestyle Fitness Coach (Spencer Institute), owns Catalyst 4 Fitness, a personal training company offering online fitness and nutrition coaching, boot camp classes, traditional fitness training, and fitness consulting. Her success with clients, both in the gym and online, is based on her pragmatic philosophy and realistic attitude.

www.catalyst4fitness.com

sharon@catalyst4fitness.com

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Ask the Experts MARCI CLARK – PILATES Marci Clark, MA, CPT, GFI, is an international fitness and wellness programming presenter with over 20 years experience in the fitness industry, specializing in Pilates exercise. She is the creator of the Foundational Pilates program and owner of Marci Clark Wellness Centers. Marci is widely published in the areas of Pilates, fitness programming and business and consults in the areas of group fitness, programming and business planning.

http://www.linkedin.com/in/marciclark

NANCY CLARK – NUTRITION Nancy Clark, MS, RD, CSSD (Board Certified Specialist in Sports Dietetics), counsels both casual and competitive athletes in her private practice at Healthworks, the premier fitness center in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. Her Sports Nutrition Guidebook and food guides for marathoners, new runners, and cyclists are available via www.nancyclarkrd.com. For a list of upcoming events/workshops, see www.sportsnutritionworkshop.com.

www.nancyclarkrd.com

www.sportsnutritionworkshop.com

CASEY CONRAD – GROWING YOUR PT BUSINESS Casey Conrad, BA, JD, President of Communication Consultants WBS, Inc., has been in the health and fitness industry for 26 years. In addition to authoring “Selling Fitness: The Complete Guide to Selling Health Club Memberships,” she has created and published over 25 other sales, marketing and management training products for the industry. She has spoken in 19 countries, is a feature presenter at conventions and trade shows worldwide and writes monthly for numerous international magazines.

Casey@CaseyConrad.com

www.CaseyConrad.com

ERICA N. CONRAD – EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCE Erica N. Conrad is a student majoring in Exercise and Sport Science at Oregon State University. She worked for a running store where she sold running shoes to customers and gained interest in both gait mechanics and barefoot running. Her goal for this paper is to inform people of the advantages and disadvantages of shod, barefoot, and minimalist running. Erica plans on enrolling in a Doctor of Physical Therapy program for a career working as a Physical Therapist and hopes this paper will help prevent future injuries or complications for people.

conrade@onid.orst.edu

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CATHERINE CRAM – PRE- AND POSTNATAL FITNESS Catherine Cram, MS, is the owner of Comprehensive Fitness Consulting, LLC, a company that specializes in providing pre- and postnatal fitness continuing education certifications and information to health and fitness professionals. Catherine is co-author of the 2012-revised edition of “Exercis‐ ing Through Your Pregnancy” with Dr. James Clapp. She is the author of “Fit Pregnancy for Dummies” (Wiley Publishing, 2004) and contributing author of “Women’s Health Care in Physical Therapy” (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009). She was appointed to serve as the International Childbirth Education Association Perinatal Fitness Subgroup Chair in 2013. ppfconsultingllc@gmail.com

prenatalandpostpartumfitnessconsulting.com

CAMMY DENNIS – YOUTH AND MATURE ADULT FITNESS PROGRAMMING Cammy Dennis, BS, CPT (ACE and AFAA), is Fitness Director for On Top of the World Communities Inc., a 55-plus adult community and The Ranch Fitness Center and Spa. Her 20 years experience in the fitness industry includes group exercise instruction, personal training, lifestyle coaching and program management. Her specialty is curriculum development for youth and senior fitness. She co-authored Kids In Motion and numerous articles on youth and senior fitness for Asiafit, SCW Fitness Education and ICAA. cammy_dennis@otowfl.com

BETHANY DIAMOND – WATER FITNESS Bethany Diamond, CPT (ACE, AFAA and NASM), is founder of Ovarian Cycle, Inc. and an Ironman triathlete. She is also a PowerBar R team elite athlete and a Scwhinn Cycling master trainer. Bethany has published articles for IDEA, has DVDs produced by Healthy Learning and is a contributor to the IDEA Water Fitness Committee. She has worked with fitness professionals, nationally and internationally, sharing with them her philosophy of safe, effective exercise that is fun and results driven.

www.ovariancycle.org

www.bethanydiamond.com

ION DOAGA – PERSONAL TRAINING Ion Doaga is the creator of and a contributing author for Massage Dreams that features articles on alternative therapies, massage, aromatherapy, acupuncture, health and fitness, motivation and inspiration. He is Second Degree Black Belt in Karate Ion believes that exercising, healthy nutrition and alternative medicine is what the human body needs to heal itself and be strong. He is growing a community on his site massagedreams.com where he promotes a preventive care lifestyle. Ion lives in Chisinau, Moldova and speaks three languages: Romanian, Russian and English. http://massagedreams.com

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Ask the Experts SALLY EDWARDS – HEART RATE TRAINING Sally Edwards, MA, MBA, is a leading expert in business, exercise science and lifestyle living. She created the Heart Zones Training proprietary and branded training system. Sally is a best-selling author and sought after professional speaker with 23 books and 500 articles on health and fitness, including Heart Rate Monitor Guidebook and The Complete Book of Triathlons. She is a 16-time Ironman finisher, a member of the Triathlon Hall of Fame, and Western States 100 Mile Endurance Run winner. She is the founder and CEO of Heart Zones USA, the training, education, health club programming, and coaching company. www.theSallyEdwardsCompany.com www.HeartZonesCoaching.com

www.heartzones.com

JENNIFER GREEN – INCLUSIVE FITNESS Jennifer Green, BS in Health Fitness and Rehabilitative and Preventative Programs, MS in Clinical Exercise Physiology, is an Information Specialist at NCPAD in the Department of Disability and Human Development at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Jennifer creates and provides fact/ information sheets and videos focused on inclusion: adapting physical activity training and programs, making fitness centers more inclusive, etc. She is the author of the monthly NCPAD News column “The training corner,” written for fitness professionals who work with individuals with various disabilities and chronic conditions. green1jn@uic.edu

www.ncpad.org

TRACEY HARVEY – MATURE FITNESS Tracey Harvey, BS, SPINNING® Instructor, USTA Tennis player, has three decades of experience in the Health and Fitness Industry, currently specializing in managing wellness not illness in older adults; working with Independent Retirement Living Communities. Her background of packaging education with products for the commercial and consumer fitness markets is credited with introducing SPINNING around the globe. Tracey is also a published “Senior Living and Lifestyle” author and an International Council of Active Aging (ICAA) Presenter. http://www.gencarelifestyle.com/

tl.harvey@hotmail.com

SHERRI HORNER – MEET THE EXPERT Sherri Horner is a radio talk show host, fitness professional, motivational speaker and writer. She is a yoga teacher, and an AFAA certified personal trainer and group fitness instructor. She is trained in Tae Kwon Do and has received specialty training from Empower Training Systems, Yogafit and Silver Sneakers. Her column has been published in a Philadelphia Christian Bodybuilding Magazine and Delaware and New Jersey wellness magazines. She is the founder and president of Health Fitness Broadcast. Since 2004 her interviews with leading experts have resulted in a treasure chest of information. Sherri@HealthFitnessBroadcast.com

www.HealthFitnessBroadcast.com

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KARSTEN JENSEN – STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING Karsten Jensen, MS Exercise Physiology, CPT (CPTN), is a high performance trainer and an educator with the Certified Professional Trainers Network. He has trained World Class and Olympic Athletes from 13 different sports since 1993, many winning European Championships and World Championships and Association of Tennis Professionals Tournaments. Karsten is an international speaker, author of several books (most recently The Flexible Periodization Method) and is an educator with the Certified Professional Trainers Network. He also shares “Insider Principles of World Class Strength and Conditioning Methods” through his web site. www.yestostrength.com

yestostrength@sympatico.ca

JENNY D JOHNSON – PERSONAL TRAINING Jenny D. Johnson, MS, CPT (NASM), began her higher education career at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro where she was a women’s volleyball NCAA Division I scholarship student athlete, earning a degree in Leisure Service Management. After a ten-year stent of career and family building, Jenny returned to California University of Pennsylvania to obtain her MS in Exercise Science and Health Promotion. She is currently completing a doctorate in education from Northcentral University. She is an Assistant Professor at American Public University System in the Sports and Health Sciences and Sport Management Department.

jennyjohnson.amu@gmail.com

TIM KEIGHTLEY – THE BUSINESS OF PERSONAL TRAINING Tim Keightley is V.P. of Fitness for Golds Gym International. He is also an international presenter and motivational speaker. Since teaching his first class in 1983, he has experienced life as an Officer in the British Royal Marines, a Professional Golfer, a ‘Stuntman’, a personal trainer to a Boxing World Heavy Weight Champion, built the largest personal training business in Europe and was V. P. of Fitness for Town Sports International. Tim believes that part of our secret to success is to learn how to have FUN in all that we do, build on our PASSION and show others how PROUD we are of what we can do for them.

tdkbusiness2000@yahoo.co.uk

PEGGY KRAUS – CARDIOPULMONARY REHABILITATION AND NUTRITION Peggy Kraus, MA, ACSM RCEP, NET, is a clinical exercise physiologist in cardiopulmonary rehab as well as a nutritional education trainer at Wellness Foundation where she teaches others about the benefits of following a plant-strong diet and committing to regular exercise. She is a frequent contributor to IDEA Fitness Journal and to Examiner.com and has been published in AFAA American Fitness and other health fitness magazines. She believes strongly that frailty and disease have become an acceptable part of life, but both are avoidable when you exercise and eat right. peggykraus@verizon.net www.peggykraus.com http://www.examiner.com/disease-prevention-in-national/peggy-kraus

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


Ask the Experts TAMMY LEBOSS – BUSINESS OF PERSONAL TRAINING Tammy LeBoss, BA, CPT (NAFC), Pilates Coach, NAFC Nutrition Coach, Pilates Post-Rehab and various yoga modalities certified, has been involved in the health and fitness industry for over 17 years. In 1997, Tammy gave her corporate job the boot and moved to San Diego where she struggled to make ends meet as a personal trainer. She has since learned about the many pitfalls of doing so and how to avoid them. She has served as head of the nutrition department for various health clubs and also helped build several successful health clubs from the ground up. Her publications have been featured by the National Association for Fitness Certification and Sports Nutrition Supplement Guide. http://thefitprofoodie.com

http://www.nafctrainer.com

tammyleboss456@gmail.com

SUSAN LEE – DIVERSITY AND EQUITY PROGRAMS Susan Lee, MPE, MA, CPT (CPTN), President of the Certified Professional Trainers Network (CPTN) works with leaders and partners to offer education, certification, leadership and advocacy for personal trainers and fitness professionals. Concurrently, Susan develops co-curricular diversity and equity programs for the Faculty of Physical Education and Health at the University of Toronto in Canada.

www.cptn.com

info@cptn.com

RITA LA ROSA LOUD – TRAINING GUIDELINES AND PROGRAMS Rita La Rosa Loud, B.S., CPT (AFAA) is an author and Adjunct Professor at Quincy College. She recently co-authored with Wayne Westcott the book No More Cellulite. She self-published the booklet W.O.W. Workout at Work; contributed a chapter in The Belly Melt Diet, a book from the editors of Prevention; developed the Nautilus At-Machine Stretching Expressway Program; and has been recognized for her innovative stretching concept by Shape Magazine. She is a recipient of the distinguished Honor Award and Outstanding Fitness Professional Award from the Mass. Assoc. of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance; plus the Nova 7 Award for exercise programming from Fitness Management magazine. plloud@msn.com

JENNIFER MANNING – INJURY PREVENTION Jennifer Manning, DPT, OCS, CPT (NSCA CSCS), was inspired to be a physical therapist after suffering an ACL tear in high school. She is the creator of PrehabFitness.com, a website focused on injury prevention and exercise education. She has had the pleasure to work with people of all ages and talents. Her latest clients include football players preparing for the NFL, a fighter in the UFC and Level 10 gymnasts in the United States and Canada. Jennifer is currently practicing physical therapy at Breakthrough Physical Therapy in Irvine California. www.PrehabFitness.com

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


GREG MAURER – BUSINESS, MARKETING, TECHNOLOGY AND PROGRAM INTEGRATION, AND PERSONAL TRAINING Greg Maurer, BS Exercise Physiology, CPT (ACE and NASM), is an Associate Partner with New Paradigm Partners health club consulting firm. Greg is also a fitness consultant for several emerging technologies in the fitness/wellness/medical industries, including bioDensity Strength Technology, Power Plate Whole Body Vibration and reACT – Rapid Eccentric Anaerobic Core Trainer, and Bulgarian Bag (IBBConline.com).

greg@maurer3.com

www.newparadigmpartners.com

JAMES MCPARTLAND – PURPOSEFUL EMPOWERMENT James McPartland, former President of Star Trac Fitness, Author, International Speaker, TV/Radio Host, and ‘Wellness Ambassador’ focused on developing the Human Potential within business. His present endeavor at The JMac Performance Group has allowed him to further play a leadership role in the health & fitness industry for now more than twenty years. Much of his current business advisory and speaking activity demonstrates a philosophy called Crosstraining for Life™, focusing on uncovering the potential that lies within a company by developing the potential of the people employed inside the business. info@jamesmcpartland.com www.jamesmcpartland.com http://www.jamesmcpartland.com/resources.php

CAROL MICHAELS - PERSONAL TRAINING Carol Michaels, MBA, CPT (ACSM, ACE), is the founder of Recovery Fitness®, a cancer exercise program. Her new book, Exercises for Cancer Survivors, is a fantastic resource for anyone undergoing cancer surgery or treatments. Carol also developed and produced two DVD’s called Recovery Fitness Cancer Exercise-Simple Stretches and Recovery Fitness-Strength Training. She owns and operates Carol Michaels Fitness and Recovery Fitness and is a consultant, author, speaker, Pilates instructor, and cancer exercise specialist. She is on the advisory board for several cancer organizations, and has appeared on health related television and radio programs. The American Council on Exercise recognized Carol as a Trainer to Watch in 2011 and Personal Fitness Professional honored her as the 2012 PFP Trainer of the Year. www.recoveryfitness.net www.carolmichaelsfitness.com

NICOLE NELSON - PERSONAL TRAINING Nicole Nelson, MS, LMT, holds a masters degree in Health Science from the University of North Florida. In addition to being a licensed massage therapist, she is also certified as an Advanced Health and Fitness Specialist through ACE. She has a full time massage and training practice in Ponte Vedra Beach, FL and has contributed articles to IDEA Fitness Journal and Massage magazine.

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


Ask the Experts DORETTE NYSEWANDER – CORPORATE HEALTH, WELLNESS AND ANTI-AGE RESEARCH Dorette Nysewander, EdD, “DrD”, is Founder and President of D Group Consulting Services, Inc, a wellness education consulting company, facilitating initiatives worldwide. Committed to the health and well-being of all, she has been recognized in Sutton's Who’s Who in Elite Healthcare, Jacksonville Chamber 904 magazine as one of 75 Most Influential People In JAX Healthcare. Her articles have appeared in American Fitness, Jacksonville Business Journal, Liberation Wellness, several local publications, national fitness organizations and corporate industries. Contact her: 904-859-1425. dorette@dgroupconsulting.com

www.dgroupconsulting.com

GARY L. PALMER – MATURE ADULT FITNESS Gary L. Palmer, BSEd, CPT (NCSF), a free lance writer and fitness enthusiast, served in the Navy during the Vietnam War, earned a football scholarship as a walk-on at Ohio University, and went on to a successful 15-year teaching and coaching career. He also spent 26 productive years in the business world before transitioning to a full time writer. His first published book, Chagrin Falls, is a memoir. The theme is overcoming adversity as an abandoned, impoverished foster child growing up in a small Midwest town during the 1940’s and 1950’s. His latest health and fitness writing focuses on the need to speed up, not slow down, exercise and physical activity, as we age. gpalmer1@neo.rr.com

http://www.garylpalmer.net/

LORI PATTERSON – BOOT CAMP Lori Patterson, BA, CPT (ACE, ACSM, AFAA and WellCoaches) is the CEO of VicteliB, LLC, and the creator of successful fee based programming to include Boot Camp Challenge®, Baby Boomer Boot Camp Challenge® and Kids Kamp Challenge. Lori served in the US Army as well as 28 years in the fitness industry. You can reach Lori at lori@victelib.com or the website at www.victelib.com.

www.victelib.com lori@bootcamp-challenge.com

www.mwfitness.com www.bootcamp-challenge.com

TAMMY J. PETERSEN – MATURE ADULT AND YOUTH HEALTH AND FITNESS Tammy Petersen, MSE, is the Founder and Managing Partner for the American Academy of Health and Fitness. She has written two books on adult fitness, SrFit™ and Functionally Fit™, and designed corresponding specialty certification training programs. She cocreated JrFit™, a specialty certification course focusing on youth strength training and nutrition and Move More, Eat Better— YOU Matter!™, a lifestyle change course. Her articles have appeared on PTontheNet; and in Club Business for Entrepreneurs, Personal Fitness Professional, Fitness Business Pro, American Fitness and OnSitefitness. Tammy@AAHF.info

www.AAHF.info

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


LORI PINE – MIND BODY Lori Pine, MA, CPT (ACE) is the Programs Director at In Motion Fitness in Chico, California. She is an APEX certified Nutritional Counselor and a member of Power Bar’s Team Elite. She holds certifications and certificates in Youth Fitness, BOSU, TRX, Nordic Walking, Body Bar, Gliding, Kettlebell, GRAVITY, Drums Alive, and STRONG. Lori has 20+ years experience working with youth and adults in schools. She organizes events and charitable activities, including the “B.A.M.” fitness conference.

j916grif@aol.com

JOHN PLATERO – PERSONAL TRAINING John Platero, CPT, is a fitness educator who has consulted both nationally and internationally, most recently for the Royal family of Qatar. He is the Director of Education for the National Council for Certified Personal Trainers. He has obtained 35 personal training certifications, filmed over 30 fitness videos and infomercials has been published by most of the fitness magazines and is the author of “Yes You Can – Fitness After 40 – A New Beginning.” As an athlete, John was a champion bodybuilder who turned cyclist and has won 21 gold, two silver and two bronze medals in cycling in the Senior Olympics and the Master’s Pan American Games. www.johnplatero.com

JUSTIN PRICE - CORRECTIVE EXERCISE Justin Price, MA, CPT (ACE) is the creator of The BioMechanics Method® - the world's fastest growing corrective exercise education program for health and fitness professionals. He is an IDEA International Personal Trainer of the Year, subject matter expert on corrective exercise for the American Council on Exercise and BOSU, founding author of PTA Global, Director of Content and featured author on corrective exercise for PTontheNet and an education provider for TRX and the National Strength and Conditioning Association. info@thebiomechanicsmethod.com

www.thebiomechanicsmethod.com

KRISTEN PUHLMAN – NUTRITION Kristen Puhlman, RD, CPT (NASM and WITS), Spinning Certified (IFTA), is an Outpatient Diabetes Educator at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center; currently residing in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. She has a BS in Nutrition and Food from Kent State University. She owns and operates Obliques, LLC; a personal training business specializing in core training, weight management and individualized nutritional planning. She is also the on staff Dietitian for Aspire Fitness Studios. Her experience in the hospital setting is in clinical nutrition with a primary focus on weight management and the psychology of weight loss.

kcj528@hotmail.com

kpuhlman@wfubmc.edu

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


Ask the Experts AMY RAUWORTH – INCLUSIVE FITNESS Amy Rauworth, MS, RCEP, is the Associate Director of Operations and Exercise Physiology Research at the Center on Health Promotion Research for Persons with Disabilities (CHP). CHP is located at the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Depa2rtment of Disability and Human Development. She is a Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist with ACSM. Amy conducts Inclusive Fitness training nationally on behalf of the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability and specializes in accessible fitness center design. www.ncpad.org

TIM ROCHFORD – SELF DEFENSE Tim Rochford, CPT (ACE, The Cooper Institute and NSCA), 6th degree Black Belt (Kajukenbo Karate), founder and owner of Empower Training Systems (a self defense/martial arts/kickboxing fitness instructor training & certification company), has authored numerous instructor training manuals, including (co-author) the ACE Kickboxing Fitness Specialty Training manual and the Proactive Per‐ sonal Security Self Defense Instructor Training Program. He is an ACE and ISSA continuing education specialist. www.empower-selfdefense.com

MARK ROOZEN – YOUTH STRENGTH AND SPORT CONDITIONING Mark Roozen, MEd, certified strength and conditioning coach (NSCA CSCS*D and CPT, and FNSCA), is Senior Content Editor for STACK Media which promotes safe training and sports enhancement and is Co-Director of the Performance Education Association. He has been in the strength, conditioning and performance field for over 28 years. Mark has worked with teams from the high school to the professional levels as a strength coach; performed as director of a hospital owned fitness and training facility, as well as owned his own training center; and, has worked with over 30,000 youth in sport camps across the country. He has presented, written and consulted worldwide.

markroozen@clevelandbrowns.com

rozyroozen@gmail.com

TARA SAREEN - WELLNESS COACHING Tara Sareen, BS, is a Institute For Integrative Nutrition Certified Health Coach in the Greater Boston area and founder of iCrave Coaching. Through a unique, intensive 6-month coaching partnership, Tara's clients lose weight, identify food sensitivities, discover ‘life after sugar’ and heal and reduce chronic conditions such as joint pain, skin irritations, headaches, fatigue, infections, anxiety and depression. tara@icravecoaching.com

www.icravecoaching.com

www.facebook.com/pages/iCrave-Coaching/575414849205664

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


CODY SIPE – EXERCISE AND AGING Cody Sipe, PhD, ACSM Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist, ACSM Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist, is an award-winning industry leader in fitness for older adults with over 17 years of experience. He serves on the editorial boards of IDEA and Active Aging Today and is an advisory member for Canadian Fitness Education Services, WholyFit, the National Posture Institute and the ICAA Visioning Board. Cody is a past recipient of the IDEA Program Director of the Year award. His blog www.codysipe.com provides innovative fitness and business information for professionals working with older adults.

www.codysipe.com

BRIAN SOUZA – EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY AND NUTRITION Brian Souza, BS, ACSM-HFS, is the owner of Be Fit Personal Training, a company providing theoretically and evidence based exercise to a variety of populations. Brian has been in the personal training industry for 10 years. He is will obtain a Master’s degree in Sport and Exercise Psychology from Springfield College in May 2011 and then will continue his education in a Doctoral level Sport and Exercise Psychology program. His research interests include exercise psychology, applied sports psychology, sports and exercise nutrition, positive psychology, and youth sport. He competes as a recreational triathlete. souzabr@onid.orst.edu

befittraining@comcast.net

MATTHEW B. SPANIER At the age of 18, Matthew B. Spanier was diagnosed with Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus. Due to his very active lifestyle he has been able to control the disease very well. He will graduate in June, 2013 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Exercise and Sport Science from Oregon State University. During his undergraduate studies he has interned and worked for the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF). After graduation Matt will continue his education at Ohio University, where he will be pursuing a Master's degree in Clinical Exercise Physiology. mattspanier@hotmail.com

spanierm@onid.orst.edu

JIM STARSHAK – TAI CHI FOR HEALTH Jim Starshak, MS, NSCA-CPT, IDEA Elite PFT is the Governing Board Chairman for the international Tai Chi for Health Institute, a Tai Chi for Health Master Trainer, an Exercise Science Adjunct Professor, and founder of The Home Gym, Inc. After 18+ years in US Special Forces (“Green Beret”), Jim is a disabled veteran who promotes tai chi internationally for its functional fitness and health benefits. He certifies Arthritis Foundation Tai Chi instructors and provides continuing education for Health & Fitness Professionals, Athletic Trainers, Physical & Occupational Therapists, and Nurses. thehomegym@everestkc.net

www.thehomegym.net

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


Ask the Experts DENNIS SWEET Derrick Sweet is best known as a popular corporate keynote speaker and author of three highly celebrated books: Healthy Wealthy and Wise, Get The Most Out Of Life, and You Don't Have to Die to Go to Heaven. He is the creator of the Hypnolinguistics Course: www.hypnolinguistics.com. Derrick is also the Chairman and Founder of the Certified Coaches Federation. Derrick created the coaching model that is the foundation of the Certified Coaches Federation's Certified Coach Practitioner Training and Development Program. For more information on the Certified Coaches Federation please visit: www.certifiedcoachesfederation.com.

info@healthywealthyandwise.com

KELLY WARD – MATURE FITNESS Kelly Ward, MS in Therapeutic Aging, CPT (AFAA and SFA), author of “The Complete Guide to Fall Prevention: Everything You Need to Know to Remain Independent,” is a certified FallProof™ balance and mobility specialist who has been teaching fall prevention classes for six years and has worked with older adults for over 15 years. Kelly’s mission is to educate and facilitate the adaptation of a reduced fall risk lifestyle. She presents easily understandable evidence-based research, applying this knowledge to daily life situations, and offers train-the-trainer programs. For more information on Kelly’s comprehensive fall prevention services or to order her book, see http://thefallpreventionlady.com. http://thefallpreventionlady.com

info@thefallpreventionlady.com

WAYNE L. WESTCOTT – STRENGTH TRAINING Wayne Westcott, PhD, CSCS, directs the Quincy College Fitness Research Programs. He has been a strength training consultant for the US Navy, ACE, the YMCA of the USA and Nautilus. He is an editorial advisor for numerous publications, including The Physician and Sportsmedicine, ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal, Prevention, Shape, and OnSitefitness; and has authored 24 books on strength training. He serves on the International Council on Active Aging Board of Advisors and ACSM’s New England Chapter. wwestcott@quincycollege.edu

WENDY A. WILLIAMSON - POST REHABILITATION SPECIALIST Wendy A. Williamson, PhD, ACE – CPT & CMES; NASM – CPT & CES; CFAS is nationally recognized as a leading educator, writer, and author. She has owned Williamson Wellness Center for over five years and has been in the fitness industry for over 20 years training, and speaking nationally, regionally and locally. She specializes in orthopedic conditions, neurological diseases, and serves as adjunct lecturer for Wichita State University with the Physician Assistant and Physical Therapy departments. Dr. Williamson also supervises exercise science interns from the Exercise Science Department. Her research focus has been with Parkinson Disease and Exercise. www.williamsonwc.com

wmsonwa@gmail.com

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


MICHAEL WOZNIAK Michael Wozniak BS, CPT, is the manager of the hospital-related fitness center at Harbor Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. He has 13 years experience in the fitness industry working with clients ranging from youth athletes to seniors and special populations. He has a Bachelors degree in Sport Psychology and is an ACE Certified Personal Trainer.

www.harborhospital.org/harborfitness

mike.wozniak@medstar.net

ROSE ZAHNN â&#x20AC;&#x201C; YOGA Rose Zahnn, CPT (ACE), GFI (AFAA), E-RYT200 (Yoga Alliance), is the founder and owner of Healthy Habits Fitness-Yoga-Pilates Studios, creator of PilatesFit and the Learn to Be Lean Program, and is a Master Trainer for YogaFit International, Flirty Girl Fitness, and Balletone. A UCLA graduate and a fitness professional for over 20 years, Rose teaches at Healthy Habits in Sacramento, California; presents at conferences, leading teacher trainings and workshops; and is a continuing education provider for ACE and AFAA. Rose@HealthyHabitsStudio.com

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GAMUT, Issue 61, Apr/May 2018


References Metabolic Syndrome: A New Focus for Lifestyle Modification 1) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Early release of selected estimates based on data from the January-June 2003 National Health Interview Survey. URL: www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/nhis/released200312.htm. 2) Summary Health Statistics Tables for the U.S. Population: National Health Interview Survey, 2016 https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/SHS/tables.htm Web. 16 Apr. 2018. 3) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of health care providers asking older adults about their physical activity levels—United States, 1998. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 51(19):412-4, 2002. 4) Huang, Paul L. “A Comprehensive Definition for Metabolic Syndrome.” Disease Models & Mechanisms 2.5-6 (2009): 231–237. PMC. Web. 16 Apr. 2018.

Are You Training Your Gut? Jeukendrup, A. Training the Gut for Athletes. Sports Med 2017; 47 (Supple 1): S101-S110 Prado de Oliveira E., Burine, R, Jeukendrup A. Gastrointestinal Complaints During Exercise; Prevalence, Etiology and Nutritional Recommendations. Sports Med 2014 (Supple 1): S79-S85.

A Basic Exercise Program for Beginning Participants 1) Haskell W, et al. Physical activity and public health: Updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, Circulation. 2007: 116: 1081-1093. 2) Campbell WW, et al. Increased energy requirements and changes in body composition with resistance training in older adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1994: 60: 167-175. 3) Pratley RB, et al. Strength training increases resting metabolic rate and norepinephrine levels in healthy 5065-year old men. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1994: 76: 133-137. 4) Westcott WL, et al. Prescribing physical activity: Applying the ACSM protocols for exercise type, intensity, and duration across3 training frequencies. Physician and Sportsmedicine. 2009: 37(2): 51-58.

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Create a niche. KNOW. TRAIN. RETAIN.

Gamut Issue 61 Apr/May 2018  

In this month's Gamut, articles address a research proven extremely effective basic introductory exercise program for beginners, relevant he...

Gamut Issue 61 Apr/May 2018  

In this month's Gamut, articles address a research proven extremely effective basic introductory exercise program for beginners, relevant he...