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Food FOR THOUGHT

’S MO EG AR

ISSUE 1 SEPTEMBER 2018

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SAF RECIPES

IT

HE T ’S

M G E U S IS

!

HOW TO AVOID GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS


GMO

FOOD MAGAZINE

Table of Contents 3 6 7 9 11 12 15 17

SQUEEZE THE LIFE OUT ARE GMO’S SAFE? SHOPPING LIST HOW TO AVOID GMO’S? VEGETABLES OVER MEAT SUSTAINABILITY MEAT PRODUCTION HEALTH

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VOL.1 | AUGUST 2018 ISSUE

Letter From The Team “Globally switching to plant based agriculture has the potential to reverse Climate Change .” Our publiction is all about fresh, organic & sustainable recipes. We’ve made fresh produce the star of our recipes, which will hopefully inspire you to get in the kitchen and start cooking. We inform our readers about the side effects of GMO products & hope to deepen your knowledge on how you can enjoy & avoid these dangers & follow a healthy eating plan. We also directly quote a series of scholarly articles regarding animal agriculture & it’s level of sustainability on the planet and on our health. “Globally switching to plant based agriculture has the potential to return millions of acres of land to wild habitat, to reverse rainforest destruction, and to make a major contribution to stabilising and reversing climate change.”

Carmelina , Gabriella & Katelyn

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SQUEEZE THE LIFE OUT ! Genetically modified fruits and vegetables are

GMO produce is a hot topic up for debate where

typical produce to find in a local supermarket or

environmental and health consequences are

grocery shop, even restaurants would use them.

constantly being challenged repeatedly, where,

A GMO based organism that has been altered to

research undertaken on the topic is constantly

allow it to retain its appearance, taste and texture,

being refuted due to political agendas.

with even additional elements mixed into them. By essentially masking additional elements that have been infused into the GMO fruits and vegetables one can have an allergic reaction towards them without even knowing why.

“One of the greatest and most intractable enviromental challenges of the 21st century” - Centre for food safety (Lallanilla, S, 2016)

“GMOs have clearly impacted our food industry but to what extent the damage is and can be long term, appears to be uncertain and that is a problem.” - Mary Vandewiele (Lallanilla, S, 2016) Research is lacking, inconclusive and inaccurate where there is no guarantee that GMO produce is entirely safe. Long-term and short-term consequences are not consistently sought out and difficult to measure.

Sustaina 3


able


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G M O ’ S

S A F E ?

S E R V I N G S

E F F I C I E N C Y

A R E

INGREDIENTS.

earth

1/ 4 o live o il

3 c u ps wate r

5 cu p s b ro co lli

8 ts p pa pr i k a

1/ 3 t sp sa lt

1 ts p pe ppe r

1 k l o f b a k in g

1 ts p s pi ce s

so d a

health

RECIPE. When you see the words “May contain “GMO’s” on the back of an instant noodles packet, does your hand automatically reach out and place it back

plant based

on to the shelf? If the answer is yes, it’s probably because you believe that GMO’s are bad for your health.

Well, you are not wrong there. One day we’re being told that GMO’s cause red meat

cancer and the next day we’re told that they’re perfectly safe and can cure world hunger.

So what exactly is a genetically modified organism? defforestation

A genetically modified organism, or GMO, is an organism that has had its DNA altered or modified in some way through genetic engineering. In most cases, GMOs have been altered with DNA from another organism, be it a

pollution

bacterium, plant, virus or animal; these organisms are sometimes referred to as “transgenic” organisms.

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Vegie Fish Meal

Sweet Potato Fillet This delicious sweet potato fillet ( as well as the Vegie Fish meal pictures above) is available at The Grounds of Alexandria. “ The Grounds is a lively place to meet, eat, drink, relax and chat your day and night away – with locally harvested produce, craft beers, great tasting wines and unique cocktails garnished with an abundance of fresh florals and greenery.” 7


FRUIT A

ND VEG

GIES

SHOPPI

NG LIST

Cucumber

Bean Sprouts

Snow Peas

Corn

Lettuce

Kale

Spinach

Onion

Lentils

Sweet Potato


HOW TO AVOID GMO’S Although Genetically modified foods are

Without long term research of genetically

considered safe, people are still willing to not take

modified crops into our environment and gm

the risk by reducing their intake of these foods.

food in our bodies is critical.

These are a few of the steps they take: Eat more fresh produce and fewer processed foods. Eat

It would be tragically ironic that in an attempt

more whole grains. Lower your sugar intake. Buy

to feed more people we further damaged the

organic.

eco-systems that already feed us while producing a food that causes a portion of the population to

When an item is organically certified, this implies that no genetically modified products were grown in the process. The consumption of oragnic food ensures that you are avoiding gmos. Purchase products that are labelled “GM Free, (Genetically Modified Free)�.

Due to the increase of attention and concern regarding genetically modified and engineered food, producers need to let their customers know if they allow genetically modified or engineered crop ingredients into their products. The companies that avoid this, will usually indicate this on their packaging.

Why is this action important?

have allergic reactions. Marshall (1994) stated that:

Modern biotechnology clearly has extensive implications for the food industry. The new technology allows the introduction into crops of genetic material which will confer such properties as resistance to specific diseases, pests or drought, or herbicides. While making agriculture more efficient and facilitating supplies of food, such modifications are unlikely to have a direct impact on the food industry, other than perhaps to reduce wastage, provided that they do not affect the product. However, genetic modification can also directly improve food quality and processing. (p.4)

Ultimately, the quality of our food and production processes play a critical role for human survival.

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M G


biotechnology

MODERN CLEARLY HAS EXTENSIVE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE FOOD INDUSTRY.


E F F I C I E N C Y

e f f i c i e n c y

V E G E T A B L E S 4

earth

health

O V E R

M E A T

S E R V I N G S

meat

pollution

efficiency

plant

INGREDIENTS. 1/4 Sweet Potato

peel & chop into slices

1 Tbl spoon of salt

for seasoning

8 tps of oil

olive or sunflower

2 cups honey sauce

(availablle at Coles)

1/2 cup of lemon juice freshly squeezed 1/8 cup Soy Butter

“Meat production and in particular beef production are incredibly inefficient. Looking at the average yields for Ireland we see that a plant based diet produces enough grain and vegetables from a hectare to feed 30 people for one year or enough beans and peas to feed twenty people for a year. But not even enough beef for one person.”

Any Dairy free butter

RECIPE. “The FAO estimates that around 795 million

“We essentially have uncovered an astoundingly

people were chronically under-nourished in

abundant supply of food for a hungry world,

the period 2014-2016. A 2013 paper from the

hidden in plain sight in the farmlands we already

Institute on the Environment at the University of

the local climate. Grains including Rice, Wheat,

Minnesota, stated:“The world’s croplands could

Corn, Barley, Oats, Rye, and Millet should be

feed 4 billion more people than they do now

consumed directly by people and not fed to

just by shifting from producing animal feed and

animals. You can produce 36,000 kg of potatoes

biofuels to producing exclusively food for human

and 10,000 kg of grain on the same land area that

consumption”.Animal feed crops represent 90% of

produces 250 kg of beef.”

that figure (in turn representing 3.6 billion people). Depending on the extent to which farmers and This is the worlds largest social justice issue

consumers are willing to change current practices,

and Emily Cassidy, the lead author of the paper,

existing croplands could feed millions or even

commented:

billions more people.”

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Sustainabilty “ The global contribution of livestock

A paper from researchers at the Institute

farming to greenhouse gas emissions is

for Social Ecology, Vienna, published in

agreed to be at least 14.5% - higher than all

April 2016, reported on the potential to

forms of transport combined.”

avoid further deforestation while feeding a growing global population. The lead author,

“According to the IPCC Agriculture, Forestry,

Karl-Heinz Erb, has stated:

and Other Land Use Changes (AFOLU) are responsible for 25% of green house gas (GHG) emissions. Agriculture contributes to GHG increases in four main ways: •CO2 releases linked to deforestation and draining of wetlands •Methane releases from enteric fermentation in cattle •Nitrous oxide releases from fertilizer application •Methane releases from rice cultivation

Together, these agricultural processes comprise 54% of methane emissions, roughly 80% of nitrous oxide emissions, and virtually all carbon dioxide emissions tied to land use changes.

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“ The global contribution of livestock farming to greenhouse gas emissions is agreed to be at least 14.5% - higher than all forms of transport combined.” “ The only diet found to work with all future possible scenarios of yield and cropland area, including 100% organic agriculture, was a plant-based one.” This ar ticle also points out that if we all woke up vegan in 2050, we would require less cropland than we did in the year 2000. This could allow us to “reforest” an area around the size of the entire Amazon Rainforest.


A PLANT-BASED DIET CAN

REVERSE

CLIMATE CHANGE


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E F F I C I E N C Y

e f f i c i e n c y

M E A T

P R O D U C T I O N 4

earth

health

S E R V I N G S

meat

pollution

efficiency

plant

INGREDIENTS. Toast

Squash

Fetta

Sugar

Avocado

Salt

Lemon

Oil

Spinach

Pepper

Margarine

Nutritional Yeast

“These health risks can occur and stem from the digestion of these additional elements of the produce, where instead of being fully digested they can enter the bloodstream causing internal problems to occur from within the body. ”

RECIPE. Genomes of the produce that have been inserted

Where they have slipped through the testing

into them can affect the tested results due to the

processes conducted on them due to them not

ever-changing nature of genomes, as they are not

being consistant enough. These repercussions

statically fixed, leading to alterations and changes

can cause liver and digestive problems, damage

to occur within them. A transformation that ignores

to the immune system, allergic reactions, cancer,

the original tested outcome, where potential

reproduction, birth defects, Alzheimer’s disease,

undesirable outcomes result from it. These changes

Parkinson’s disease and autism.

can be allergenic and even toxic in nature, posing potential health risks from consumption.

Consistent and conclusive data on GMOs are required or else we will be putting ourselves at

Although most testing is constantly being refuted

further risk of unforeseen consequences due to the

and challenged there is undeniable long-term and

irregularity and debatable nature of GMOs. One’s

short-term health repercussions from consumption

own health shouldn’t be questioned constantly

of some GMO produce.

where one should be clearly aware of the impacts of what they digest in their own stomachs.

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E F F I C I E N C Y

e f f i c i e n c y

H E A L T H 4

earth

health

S E R V I N G S

meat

pollution

efficiency

plant

INGREDIENTS. Veggie sausage

Bread

Veggie Pattie

Milk

Mushroom

Oil

Tofu

Sugar

Veggie Bacon

Salt

Chips

Pepper

“It’s never been proven safe. Corn is 90 per cent GM in the US, and if that’s used in Australian-manufactured biscuits or bread, no labelling is required. The government doesn’t believe we deserve to know.” Jessica Harrison (Reynolds, 2013)

RECIPE.

F r u i t y

s p r e a d !

GMO labelling of produce is difficult to refer to, where, there are no clear guidelines put in place for the public to be aware of what they are consuming is a GMO altered product. Without labelling and a clear identification of what gene has been ‘masked’ by appearance resulting in the publics deception. Allergies and health resulted issues can occur from this slight change of genome. Even non-GMO based produce can be affected environmentally by GMO crops due to the differing nature of the plants if they encounter one another.

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F O M A

O D A G

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