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Secwepemc NEWS




A monthly publication serving the people and communities of the Shuswap Nation Written by Kelly Connor

On September 16th, 2010, Skeetchestn First Nation became the first aboriginal community in Canada to name an Angel Street as a public statement against domestic violence. The purpose of the Angel Street is, “to raise awareness, to say this is a fight that we’re not going to walk away from,” said campaigner and event coordinator, Professor Shelly Johnson (Thompson Rivers University). This initiative hopes to change communities for the next generations so that our children and grandchildren won’t have to face such violence. The effects of domestic violence affect all members of a community. It’s the type of problem where everyone must come together in order to find a solution. When Chief and Council were presented with this idea of adopting an Angel Street, “everyone was on board immediately, there was no hesitation,” said Professor Johnson. “I think everyone The discussions surrounding issues of thinks about this issue and you just have to abuse also appeared to clearly impact all those jump at the opportunity when it comes. If we who present. Johnson said, “The emotion in can help protect even one person, it’s worth the audience when the speakers were talking it,” added Chief Rick Deneault. was wonderful to see. You don’t have to hide In Skeetchestn, the Angel Street is lothese emotions anymore. It was like weights cated leading to the new school, which Chief had been lifted off their shoulders.” Deneault believes, will really be a strong With the Skeetchestn community takmessage to the children. The street has been ing this important step forward in drawing named “Lesós”, the Secwepemctsín word for attention to domestic violence, it sends a angel. Previously an un-named street, Lesós message that will be heard by men, women Street honours the lives of missing and murand children alike. The goal of this initiative dered Aboriginal women and girls who have is create change and as Johnson believes “we not been forgotten. can change this in just one generation. I know Over 200 people attended the streetthis is possible.” Chief Deneault added, “It’s naming ceremony and feast in the Skeenot just our community, this affects all First tchestn Community School. It took place at Nations. I would like to see the back-to-school barbeque that ‘We’re in this others follow.” is planned every year for the chiltogether. We all Growing attention to this dren. Principal Michelle Canaday need to pull problem and positive commuthought that this would be a great nity action like Lesós Street, together’ way to involve the children in a shows us that we have the big way. The children drummed power to make a change and stop the violence and sang, and, worked with the Elders to for the next generation. placing tobacco beside the candles that had been lined along Lesós Street. “The children’s drum group was incredible”, Shelly Johnson recalls, “they sang and drummed for over 15 minutes. It was very important to include the children in a very public way.” The overall feeling of the event, Johnson believes, was “everyone just thought ‘We’re in this together. We all need to pull together’. It was so wonderful to see children and the Elders coming together with the Chief and Council and support systems for town along with the community members. Everyone really came together and no one is alone anymore.”


The voice of the SHUSWAP NATION






Terry Deneault and Chief Rick Deneault prepping for Ceremony




Norma Peters advocated for Skeetchestn to become the first reserve based community in Canada to name an Angel Street and Cynthia Davis is the Executive Director of the Kamloops Sexual Assault Counselling Centre.


Secwepemc NEWS


NEWS The voice of the Shuswap Nation Circulation 4,500 Secwepemc News is published monthly

Editor Louise Alphonse

OUR MISSION is to provide a forum for members of the 17 Shuswap Bands to discuss and learn more about the issues, news and events taking place in the Shuswap Nation; to promote awareness of Secwepemc language, culture and history; to recognize the individual accomplishments of community members; and to provide a vehicle for the outside community to learn more about the history, current affairs and future goals of the Secwepemc people.

Contributors Walter Quinlan Lucille Martin Lenore Christopher Shelly Johnson Antoin LaRue Shelly Loring Tina Donald Katherine Tom Pam Theodore Kelly Connor Language Page Kathy Manuel

You can reach our Editorial Office by phone: (250) 828-9783; by fax: (250) 372-1127; by e-mail:; or by mail: c/o Secwepemc Cultural Education Society #311-355 Yellowhead Hwy, Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1. We appreciate and rely on the Shuswap communities for their stories and activity reports. Kukwstep-kucw

Secwepemctsín Wel me7 yews “Preserving Our Language”

Calendar of Community EVENTS

All are welcome to list any upcoming meetings and events in this space. Please give us a call at (250) 828-9783 or fax us at (250) 372-1127 or E-mail us at Notices received by October 29, 2010 will make it into our next issue. Sisters In Spirit “CANDLE LIGHT VIGIL” October 4, 2010 at 7 pm on Angel Street in Kamloops Riverside Park. On the left of the Tennis Courts and Rose Garden, this is a National Day to honour the lives of missing and murdered Aboriginal women and girls in Canada. For more information contact Shelly Johnson, TRU (250) 371-5995 SLLEKMÉẂES TOURNAMENT (STICK GAMES) SIMPCW FIRST NATION In conjunction with the Simpcw Fall Solstice Celebration Date: October 9, 2010 $1,000 added Prize Money Entry Fee: $100.00 per team (3-5 people) Location: Simpcw Community Hall Dunn Lake Road Barriere, BC Contact: Shelly Loring (250) 672-5366 Celebration Activities start at 12 o’clock Thanksgiving Feast 5pm Open Games at 4pm Sllekméẃes Tournament starts after feast Many TIB community members have laced up their runners and will walk/run in honor of their loved ones on Sunday, October 3rd, 2010 at Riverside Park in Kamloops. Annette’s Heroes now has 24 team members from elders and youth plus our Chief and 2 Councillors. Our whole community got involved with many fundraising events being held and the proceeds going to the Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation. Special thanks to my community, Chief and Council and all those who donated and volunteered. Thanks to these Businesses who donated merchandise for my loonie auction: Kamloops Ford; Dearborn Ford; Zimmer Wheaton; Home Hardware and Building Centre; Tkemlups Gas Station; Tkemlups Indian Band; Visual Design and Awards; Public’s Own Market; Asap Direct; CSC Electric; Halston Esso; Horse Barn; Secwepemc Family Services; Qwemstin Health; STEP; CIPAHRD; Joanne Gottfriedson. Hope to see more people next year! Sincerely, Annette Thomas

Shuswap Nation Tribal Council is re-locating to 690W Athabasca! AS OF

NOVEMBER 1, 2010

Dreamcatcher Shuswap 2nd Annual Youth Conference, “Protecting Mother Earth” on October 8, 9, 10, 2010 in Chase, BC Featured Events: * Hands on Workshops - cultural based * Shuswap Idol competition * Lahal Tournament * Youth Dance * Survival on the Land Workshop * Tours Registration and detailed information, call (250) 679-8841 or email: Weytk-tp Tk’emlúps Te Secwépemc Band Members! Te Tk’emlúps Te Secwépemc is currently doing a research project for the Day Scholars who attended Kamloops Indian Residential School. If you are a band member of TTS and you were a Tk’emlups Day Scholar who attended the KIRS please contact Jo-Anne Gottfriedson, Day Scholar Researcher @250-828-9788 or drop by the office between 8:00 am -1:00 pm. Kukwstse’tsemc! Respectfully, Take care, and in all Wellness Jo-Anne Gottfriedson BGS, CED The Neskonlith Pow Wow Committee would like to thank everyone who participated in this year’s Annual Pow Wow. Thank you for the following for the donations: Bishop and Sister from Kamloops TruValue Store in Chase Fields Store in Chase Corn Fields donated corn for feast Neskonlith Indian Band Little Shuswap Indian Band “Kukstsemc” to all the pow wow spectators, dancers, drummers who travelled from all over. Thank you Security for your amazing job, keeping our pow wow safe, and to the volunteers; Livia, Dalla, Lucille, Tony, Willy, Jason, Estelle, Johnny, MC John Kenoras, Area Director Sean Billly, “Great Job”. The cooks were wonderful, Thank you Barry, Patrick Adrain and Doris Bamford for all your help. submitted by Lucille Martin


Secwepemc NEWS



Pelltemllík. - “spawned out” M-yews re spíxems ell re sk̓écems re Secwépemc. Then the Secwépemc hunted and dried the meat.

Sllwélsten Autumn

T̕lu7 te skwelk̓welt me7 wíktcwes re skem̓cís. The grizzly bears stay up in the snow capped mountains. Te skwelk̓wélt re m-w7écwes re skem̓cís. Grizzly bears live in the snow capped mountains. Wíwkem-ken te kenkéknem. I saw a black/brown bear. Sts’lewt re ts’i7 ne ck̓mém̓Ies. The deer stood in a field. Pult re ts’e7í7elt. The fawn is laying there. Xyum te teníye re nswíwkwem. I saw a big moose. Cwi7t te tcets’ re stsq̓élnems. I shot many elk. Ye7éne ri7 re nts’e7sqéxe7s re xpé7e. This is grandfather’s horse. Pell tsʼe7úw̓i-en-k? Do you have any deer meat? Ta7 ken pell tsʼe7úw̓i tsukw teníye. I have no deer only moose meat. Qwenénen-k tek scwik̓? Would you like some dried fish?

Get your audio cd of these phrases and many more language resources from the Language Department of Secwepemc Cultural Education Society Call 250-828-9750 or email

Smúwe7 - Cougar Wíktpen re smúwe7? Did you all see the cougar? Mé7e ell wikt.s-kucw ell. Yes and he saw us too. Cwsenwéntls-enke. It must have smelled our scent. Wíkctcen te yect te súpe7s? Did you see its long tail? Tá7a nexéxelmen. No I was afraid of it. Tuxwtúxwt yem e snexexelúll. You are such a fraidy cat. Me7 lexéy̓ectem re síse7 te swíkem-kt. We will tell uncle what we saw.

Mé7e ...k̓woyí7se k smetsétsemc, yes give me just a little bit.

Tshéqen e miméy ey. Maybe its still close by.

Le7 te s7íllen swéti7 k pellsk̓úlem? It is delicious, who made it?

Kénmenke k snek̓westsút.s? I wonder if it’s alone.

Re sxélwe7s yeré7 pe sk̓úlem, Her husband made it

Re m-wíkem mell ri7 re xpé7e te smúwe7. Grandfather already saw a cougar before.

Ne sxwexwéyt.s re swucwt re scwík̓ems He makes it every year.

Re m-Iexéy̓ens Ie tsúwet.s pent̕Iú7. He told of all his activities back then.


Secwepemc NEWS


Courses increases the fluency and the number of Secwépemc Language Teachers Submitted by Kathy Manuel

In an effort to increase the fluency and the number of Secwépemc Language Teachers, the Secwépemc Cultural Education Society (SCES) with funding from First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC) and the New Relationship Trust Fund, delivered five language teacher training courses throughout the spring and summer in Secwepemcúlecw. In early spring, 12 practicing teachers, Aboriginal support workers and day care providers tackled a course in Innovative Teaching and Planning. John Chenowith of NVIT taught the group many engaging classroom activities and exercises. As well thoughtful lesson plans and how to develop their daily lessons had students sharing many exciting ideas. Alkali Lake had an advanced immersion course taught by Dr. Phyllis Chelsea. The group of 11 students along with fluent elders travelled to Prince George during the height of all the wild fires. Several days were spent huckleberry picking near McLeod Lake, reviewing gathering words along with everyday and camping vocabulary. Splatsín had a group of very beginner language students, who came together in a c7ístkten ́for their language lessons led by elders Donna Antoine and Annie Cook. 6 youth who were part of a summer program along with several community members learned basic greetings and commands, body parts, clothing, local plant names and the like. The Chase area was home to a pilot Science course on local plants and their uses. Darrell Eustache helped develop and then deliver the course to 6 enthusiastic Secwépemc. Trips on the land included birch bark and cedar root gathering, collecting balsam pitch, medicine collecting and plant identification. Lab experiments were held using the different medicines collected. As assignments the group made pine needle baskets, lahal sets, medicines, digging stick and a war club. Although the course had a lot of interest, the intense schedule kept the class at a minimum. Many thanks go to the staff and for the use of the Neskonlith Institute for the course. Ivy Chelsea wrapping fish at Adams Lake

A beginner immersion class was also held in Kamloops and was led by Ivy Chelsea and her mom Phyllis of Alkali Lake. Lots of language games were played, and outings included helping wrap fish at Adams Lake, Sxusem picking at Lac le Jeune and a feast. Students included several practicing teachers, day care staff, and office staff from Secwépemc organizations. SCES has been working in a partnership several years with the Nicola Valley Institute of Technology (NVIT), Thompson Rivers University (TRU) and the Upper St’át’imc Language, Culture and Education Society (USLCES) on the development of a DSTC (now called the First Nations Language Teacher Training Program) program. All of

Teacher Phyllis Chelsea of Esketemc

the partners have experience in delivering accredited language programs within their communities. There are a variety of potential students that have taken previous courses of either linguistics or language that want to continue and to complete a teacher-training program with language specialization. One of the major goals is to have this training as close to home as possible with delivery of courses in Lillooet, Merritt, Kamloops and to use where possible distance learning technologies. Another goal is to provide those achieving the certificate the opportunity to ladder into either Bachelor of Education or Arts degrees. Many Aboriginal students are now graduating with B.Ed degrees within BC and being granted their professional certificates to teach. However, very few of these individuals are fluent in their native language or if they were fluent may not have had access to language teacher specialization courses. Aboriginal language teachers are crucial to the survival of Aboriginal languages and knowing that many fluent teachers are elderly or near retirement, steps were taken by the BC College of Teachers (BCCT) and First Nations Education Steering Committee to bridge this gap. By changing by-laws in the early 90’s, the Elder Rita Lulua enjoying a day of berry picking with granddaughter Tracey Herbert, Ed Jensen and Kathy Manuel

BCCT allowed communities to certify their teachers through language authorities that stipulated levels of language proficiency. In addition, the creation of a Developmental Standard Term Certificate (DSTC) in 1999, of which the Sto:lo Shxweli Halq’emeylem program/SFU were the first to be approved in 2001. The first cohort of students has provided them great sufficient teachers for their schools. Still awaiting the formal approval of the program from the TRU Senate, SCES saw the need to move forward. Delivery of the courses was through NVIT and as they are affiliated with TRU, the credits are transferrable. SCES has applied for funding to deliver possibly 6 more courses over the next year. Course suggestions include 3rd year language level courses, assessment and evaluation, classroom management and language acquisition and will be held both in southern and northern Secwepemcúl’ecw. Practicum situations need to be negotiated to get beginner students mentoring with practicing teachers for classroom experience. The following DSTC programs are already in place: Halq’emeylem from the Stó:lo Nation / Simon Fraser University; Kwak’walla & Sliammon/Comox from First Nations Education Advisory Council School District #72 (Campbell River) and the University of Victoria; Gitksan from the Siwiixo’osxwim Wilnatahl Gitksan Society/University of Northern British Columbia; Hul’qumi’num from Chemainus First Nation & Malaspina University College; Wilp Wilxo’oskwhl

Karen August picking Sxusem

Nisga’a from the Wilp Wilxo’oskwhl Nisga’a Society/University of Northern British Columbia; Ts’msyen Sm’algyax from the Ts’msyen Sm’algyax Authority/University of Northern British Columbia; Carrier from the Carrier Linguistic Society/University of Northern British Columbia; and Okanagan from the En’owkin Centre for Learning/ University of British Columbia – Okanagan. Photos taken by Kathy Manuel Left: Bobbi Sasakamoose, and Leroy Peters picking Sxusem, below: Carryl Coles and Christine Thompson with birch bark baskets and cedar roots.

Secwepemc NEWS


Aboriginal Small Business Roundtable Submitted by Katherine Tom

Aboriginal Small Business Roundtable held July 26, 2010 at the Kamloops Convention Centre As part of the Ministry’s commitment to engage the BC Aboriginal community in a continuous dialogue to identify opportunities and actions to strengthen the small business sector, invitations were sent out to discuss views on how to enhance and support small business success in your community. We had opening prayer with Evelyn Camille, followed by welcome and introductions by Minister Ian Black, MLA Terry Lake, and Chief Shane Gottfriedson. Chief Larry Casper offered greetings to the sixty+ attendees. Chief Judy Wilson informed us about the Small business Roundtable. Minister Black reviewed the province wide actions to address small business issues. Break out sessions topics: • What is the regulatory requirement that creates the biggest difficulty for your business? •

What types of small business training are priorities for you and is this training available in your area? What are some of the innovative approaches that local businesses have adopted to enhance small business in your community, and what important local opportunities would you like to raise?


CFDC of Central Interior First Nations Jackie Bandura Jordan George Dale Tomma

• Small Business Loans • Business Plan Development • Entrepreneurial Training #215-345 Yellowhead Hwy Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1 Phone: 250-828-9725 Fax:250-828-9972


Honouring Our Young Women’s Pow Wow committee is hosting a Minister Ian Black (Small Business, Technology and Economic Development), Chief Larry Casper (Seton Lake IB), Chief Judy Wilson (Neskonlith IB), Geri Collins (Community Futures), Terry Lake, MLA photo courtesy of Walter Quinlan

If there was one action that could be taking to enhance small business in your community, what would it be?

The day ended with closing remarks by Minister Black, who said that this was the best attended event for small business roundtable and was very pleased with the exchange. Closing prayer was given by Harvey McLeod, councilor, Upper Nicola Band. Thank you letter sent by Ministry of Small Business stating that a number of themes

were identified which will assist the Small Business roundtable in preparing priorities and actions to promote a strong, vibrant small business community. Also the Honorable Minister Black committed to holding a First Nations Roundtable once a year. We acknowledge and appreciate Chief Judy Wilson, Neskonlith, for so ably representing First Nations on the Minister’s Roundtable Committee. Chief Wilson spends a lot of time keeping up to date and informed on First Nations Business issues. 

C U L T U R Cody Minnabarriet and Dave Antoine (Bonaparte) check out some of the good results of the Early-Timed 4/2 Chinook run at the Bonaparte Fishway. Chief Terry Porter said that the Fishway is a good example of First Nations’ taking conservation measures “so that there’s a fishery every year.” (Photo: Aaron Gillespie)



CRAFT FAIR DECEMBER 5, 2010 from 10 am to 3 pm

For information contact: Samuel Saul (250) 672-5301 or Eunice Donald (250) 672-5356

T R A D I T I O N Randy Williams, and many others, enjoyed the Cooke Creek cultural camp hosted by Splatsin First Nation this August. He also gave a workshop on how to make spears for fishing. (Photo: Aaron Gillespie)


Secwepemc NEWS

Wind-Wolf knows By: Robert Lake, Medicine Grizzlybear

. Dear Teacher, I would like to introduce my son, Wind-Wolf. He is probably what you would consider a “typical Indian kid.” He was born and raised on a reservation. He has black-hair, dark brown eyes, and olive complexion. And like so many Indian children his age, he is shy and quiet in the classroom. He is five years old, in kindergarten, and I can’t understand why you have already labeled him a “slow learner.” At the age of five, he has already been through quite an education compared with his peers in Western society. At his first introduction to this world, he was bonded to his mother and to the Mother Earth in traditional native childbirth ceremony. He has been continuously cared for by his mother, father, sisters, cousins, uncles, grandparents, and extended tribal family since this ceremony. From his mother’s warm and loving arms, Wind-Wolf was placed in a secure and specially designed Indian baby basket. His father and the medicine elders conducted another ceremony with him that served to bond him with the essence of his genetic father, the Great Spirit, the Grandfather Sun, and the Grandmother Moon. This was all done in order to introduce him properly into the new and natural world, not the world of artificiality, and to protect his sensitive and delicate soul. It is our people’s way of showing the newborn respect, ensuring that he starts his life on the path of spirituality. The traditional Indian baby basket became his “turtle shell”, serving as his first seat and classroom. He was strapped in for safety, protected from injury by the willow roots and hazel wood construction. The basket was made by a tribal elder who had gathered her materials with prayer and in a ceremonial way. It is the same kind of basket that our people have used for thousands of years. It is specially designed to provide Wind-Wolf with the kind of knowledge and experience he will need in order to survive in his culture and environment. Wind-Wolf was strapped in snuggly with a deliberate restriction upon his arms and legs. Although Western Society may argue that such a method serves to hinder motorskill development and abstract reasoning – We believe it first develops his intuitive facilities, rational intellect, symbolic thinking, and five senses. Wind-Wolf was with his mother constantly, closely bonded physically, as she carried him on her back or held him in front while breast-feeding. She carried him everywhere she went, and every night he slept with both parents. Because of this, Wind-Wolf’s educational

setting was not only a “secure” environment, but it was also very colourful, complicated, sensitive and diverse. He has been with his mother at the ocean at daybreak when she made her prayers and gathered fresh seaweed from the rocks. He sat with his uncles in a rowboat on the river while they fished with gill nets. He watched and listened to elders as they told creation stories and animal legends and sang songs around the campfires. He attended the sacred and ancient White Deerskin Dance of his people and is well-acquainted with the cultures and languages of other tribes. He has been with his mother when she gathered herbs for healing. He watched his tribal aunts and grandmothers gather and prepare traditional foods such as acorn, smoked salmon, eel, and deer meat. He played with abalone shells, pine nuts, iris grass string, and leather while watching the women make beaded jewelry and traditional native regalia. He had many opportunities to watch his father, uncles, and ceremonial leaders using different kinds of songs while preparing for the sacred dances and rituals. As he grew older, Wind-Wolf began to crawl out of the baby basket, develop his motor skills, and explore the world around him. When frightened or sleepy, he could always return to the basket as a turtle withdraws into its shell. Such an inward journey allows one to reflect in privacy on what he has learned and to carry the new knowledge deeply into the unconscious and soul. All learning processes are functionally integrated; shapes, sizes, colours, textures, sounds, smells, feelings, tastes – the physical and spiritual, matter and energy, conscious and unconscious, individual and social. Wind-Wolf was with his mother in South Dakota while she danced for seven days straight in the hot sun, fasting, and piercing herself in the sacred Sun Dance Ceremony of a distant tribe. He was been doctored in a number of different healing ceremonies by medicine men and women from diverse places ranging from Alaska to Arizona, and California to New York. He has been in more than twenty different sacred sweatlodge rituals – used by native tribes to purify the mind, body and soul – since he was three years old, and he has already been exposed to many different religions of his racial brothers: Protestant, Catholic, Asian Buddhist and Tibetan Lamaist. It takes a long time to absorb and reflect on these kinds of experience, so maybe that is why you think my Indian child is a slow learner. His aunts and grandmothers taught him to count and know his numbers while they sorted out the complex materials used to make the abstract designs in the native baskets. He listened to his mother count each and every bead and sort out numeri-

SEPTEMBER 2010 cally according to colour while she painstakingly beaded intricate belts and necklaces. He learned basic numbers by helping his father count and sort the rocks to be used in the sweat-lodge – seven rocks for the medicine sweat, or thirteen for the Summer Solstice Ceremony. (The rocks are later heated and doused with water to create a purifying steam.) He was taught mathematics by counting sticks we use in our traditional native hand game. So I realize he may be slow in grasping the methods and tools that you are now using in your classroom, ones quite familiar to his white peers, but I hope you will be patient with him. It takes time to adjust to a new cultural system and learn new things. He is not “culturally disadvantaged”, but he is “culturally different.” If you ask him how many months there are in a year, he will probably tell you thirteen; not because he doesn’t know how to count properly, but because he has been taught by our traditional people that there are thirteen full moons in a year according to the native tribal calendar and there are thirteen planets in our solar system and thirteen tail feathers on a perfectly balanced eagle, the most powerful bird to use in ceremonial healing. But he also knows that some eagles may only have twelve tail feathers, or seven, that they do not all have the same number. He knows hat the flicker has exactly ten tail feathers, that they are red and black and represents the direction of East and West, (life and death); that this bird is considered a “fire” bird, a power used in native doctoring and healing. He can probably count more than forty different kinds of birds, what kind of bird each is, where it lives, the seasons in which it appears, and how it is used in a sacred ceremony. He may also have trouble writing his name on a piece of paper, but he knows how to say it (and many other things) in several different Indian languages. He is not fluent yet because he is only five years old and required by law to attend your educational system, learn your language, values, ways of thinking and methods of teaching and learning. So you see, all of these influences together make him somewhat shy and quiet – and perhaps “slow” according to your standards. But if Wind-Wolf was not prepared for his first tentative foray into your world, neither were you appreciative of his culture. On the first day of class, you had difficulty with his name; you wanted to call him Wind, insisting that Wolf must somehow be his middle name – the students in the class laughed at him, causing further embarrassment. While you were trying to teach him your new methods, helping him learn new tools for self-discovery and adapt to his new learning environment, he may be looking out the window as if daydreaming. Why?

Because he has been taught to watch and study the changes in nature, It is hard for him to make the appropriate psychic switch from the right to left hemisphere of the brain – when he sees the leaves turning bright colours, geese heading south, and squirrels scurrying around for nuts to get ready for a harsh winter. In his heart, mind and almost by instinct; he knows this is the time of the year he is supposed to be with the people gathering and preparing fish, deer meat, native plants, herbs, and learning his assigned tasks in this role. He is caught between two worlds – torn by two distinct cultural systems. Yesterday, for the third time in two weeks, he came home crying and saying he wanted to have his hair cut. He said he doesn’t have any friends at school because they make fun of his long hair. I tried to explain that in our culture, long hair is a sign of masculinity, balance, and a source of power. But he remained adamant on his position. To make matters worse, he recently encountered his first harsh case of racism. Wind-Wolf managed to adopt at least one good school friend. On the way home from school one day, he asked his new pal if he wanted to come home to play with him until supper. That was okay with WindWolf’s mother, which was walking with them. When they all got to the little friend’s house, the two boys ran inside to ask permission while Wind-Wolf’s mother waited. But the other boy’s mother lashed out, “It’s okay if you have to play with him at school, but we don’t allow those kinds of people in our house!” When my wife asked why not, the other boy’s mother answered, “Because you are Indians and we are White, and I don’t want my kids growing up with your kind of people.” So now my young Indian child does not want to go to school anymore (even though we cut his hair.) He feels that he does not belong. He is the only Indian child in your class and he is well aware of this fact. Instead of being proud of his race, heritage, and culture – he feels ashamed. When he watches television, he asks why the White people hate us so much, always kill our people, and take everything away from us. He asks why the other kids in school are not taught about the power, beauty, and essence of nature, or provided with the opportunity to experience the world around them firsthand. He says he hates living in the city and that he misses his Indian cousins and friends. He asks why his white friend, a girl at school, always tells him, “I like you Wind-Wolf, because you are a good Indian.” Now he refuses to sing his native songs, play with his Indian artifacts, learn his language, or participate in his sacred ceremonies. When I ask him to go to an 7

Secwepemc NEWS

SEPTEMBER 2010 urban powwow or help me with a sacred sweat-lodge ritual, he says “no, because that’s weird” and doesn’t want his friends at school to think he doesn’t believe in God. So Dear Teacher, I want to introduce you to my son, Wind-Wolf, who is not really a “typical little Indian kid” after all. He stems from a long line of hereditary Chiefs, Medicine Men and Women, and ceremonial Leaders whose accomplishments and unique forms of knowledge are still being studied and recorded in contemporary books. He has seven different tribal systems flowing through his blood; he is even part white. I want my child to succeed in school and in life. I don’t want him to be a dropout, juvenile delinquent or end up on drugs and alcohol because he is made to feel inferior because of discrimination. I want him to be proud of his rich heritage and culture, and I would like him to develop the necessary capabilities to adapt and succeed in both cultures. But I need your help. What you teach and how you teach it, what you say and do in the classroom, what you don’t say and don’t teach will have a significant effect on the potential success or failure of my child. Please remember that this is the primary year of his education and development. All I ask is that you work with me, not against me, to help educate my child in the best way. If you don’t have the knowledge, preparation, experience, or training to effectively deal with culturally different children, I am willing to help you with the few resources I have available or direct you towards such resources. Millions of dollars have been appropriated by Congress and are being spent each year for “Indian Education.” All you have to do is take advantage of it and encourage your school to make an effort to use it in the name of “Equal Education.” My Indian child has a constitutional right to learn about our Native American Heritage and Culture, because Indians play a significant part in the history of Western society. Until this reality is equally understood and applied in education as a whole, there will be a lot more schoolchildren, in grades kindergarten to two, identified as “slow learners.” My son, Wind-Wolf, is not an empty glass coming to your class to be filled. He is a full basket coming into a different environment and society with something special to share. Please let him share his knowledge, heritage and culture with you and his peers. Lake reports that Wind-Wolf, now eight, is doing better in school, but his struggle for cultural identity continues. Robert Lake (Medicine Grizzlybear), a member of the Seneca and Cherokee Indian Tribes, is an associate professor at Gonzaga University’s School of Education in Spokane, Washington.

TRU increases space for Aboriginal student support



Working with First Nations Since 1982

880 - 175 2nd Avenue, Kamloops, BC V2C 5W1

Phone: 250- 374-1555 Nicole Joseph, TRU student, TRUSU Aboriginal Rep, TRU Elder Mike Arnouse, Neskie Manuel, Councillor Neskonlith, Dory La Boucane, Transitions Planner, Lisa Christy, Life Skills Coach Nathan Matthew, Executive Director, Aboriginal Education, Joanne Brown, Coordinator, Aboriginal Communications and Projects, TRU Elder Estella Patrick Moller, Karl De Bruin, Chair of the TRU Board, June Phillips from the office of Kevin Krueger, Dr. Roger Barnsley, President of TRU

Fax: 250-374-9992 E-mail:

Kamloops--The Aboriginal students at cottage style of the one of the original 1965 Thompson Rivers University now have a naval munitions base houses on the Kamto decrease isolation and enhance support larger area for support to help them sucloops campus. The ceiling is approximately for Aboriginal students by building strucceed at their post-secondary education 10’ high, giving the space an open airy tures that reflect Aboriginal culture and with today’s official opening of the newly feeling, but maintains the warm, relaxed, history. TRU’s gathering place is one of 27 renovated Cplul’kw’ten.    homey feeling of the existing building. being created at public post-secondary inThe Cplul’kw’ten, Secwepemctsin for Opening windows take advantage of better stitutions across B.C. through a $13.6-milgathering place, has nearly tripled in size, indoor air quality, while large overhangs lion investment by the Province.     space that will be a welcoming environoffer passive solar shading. There are also  “Today we are also recognizing that Abment for students to meet and study, and custom etched pictograms on the polished original ways of knowing, being and doing to display art celebrating First Nations concrete floor.     are an important part of the learning that and Aboriginal culture. As well, the added  “TRU is pleased to have worked with happens at universities,” said Nathan Matspace will become the centre for TRU’s El- the provincial government to build this thew, TRU Director, Aboriginal Education. ders in Residence program, which provides beautiful gathering place that is a key part “This knowledge is essential for us all.”     support for Aboriginal students.     of the university’s efforts to recognize “We are breaking down the barriers that  The Province invested $300,000 in the and honour our presence in the traditional have prevented so many of our Aboriginal 110 square metre addition that increases the territories of a number of First Nations,” people from being all they can be,” said dedicated space for the nearly nine per cent said Roger Barnsley, president of ThompTerry Lake, MLA for Kamloops-North of TRU’s students who are Aboriginal.     son Rivers University. “The structure will Thompson. “At the same time, we’re  “Government’s investment in this and also substantially increase the visibility of helping our province and the Interior meet other gathering places confirms our comtraditional and contemporary Interior Salish skills shortages by making sure the growing mitment to improving the quality of life culture and society on the campus and in number of young Aboriginal people in B.C. and educational experiences of Aboriginal the community.”     have the knowledge and skills to build great students,” said Kevin Krueger, MLA for Aboriginal gathering places are designed careers.”     Kamloops-South Thompson and Minster of Tourism, Culture and the Arts. “By offering a gathering place, 1530 RIVER STREET, KAMLOOPS, BC V2C 1Y9 OFFICE: (250) 374-1530 FAX: (250) 374-1534 Thompson Rivers Universi ty is able to help Aboriginal * WALKING DISTANCE TO KIB POW WOW ARBOR students feel welcome, and Mon * SHORT DISTANCE TO STATUS GAS BAR th S support an environment for p eci ly * GROUP SPECIALS/SENIOR SPECIALS als ! success in post-secondary * BEAUTIFUL RIVERVIEW ROOMS


education.”    The new addition complements the existing


Email: CALL TOLL FREE: 1-800-663-1530


Secwepemc NEWS


Making Medicine with The Melawmen Collective - Meeka Morgan By Meeka Noelle Morgan

“What’s going to happen after these are done?” was the most asked question from the youth that participated in the Native Youth Art Workshops (NYAW) held at the Kamloops Art Gallery for almost 3 year project that ended with an exhibition and CD release last October. “NEVER GIVE UP” ~ that was the title of our collaborative album as well as my response to them! And so life was breathed into our follow up project, but this time through “The Melawmen Collective” ~ “Making Medicine: Collaborative and Interactive Contemporary Art and Music Workshops with Aboriginal Youth in BC”. The Melawmen Collective has been collaborating together to offer these workshops to Aboriginal youth in the territories of three Aboriginal Nations (Secwepemc, N’lakapamux and Nu-Chah-Nuulth). The Collective is coordinating to do their last tour dates in the Okanagan and the N’lakapamux territories this month to wrap up their 5 month tour. The workshops bring representations, teachings and ideas about contemporary aboriginal art and music, and create new works with the youth’s own representations of themselves, and their perspectives on their lives. Our central focus and theme has been: Our Dream Vision, of our own future, our people, our Mother Earth, of humanity, of our world; this could be our vision of 10 years, 100 years, even 1000 years! Our purpose was to get our youth and others to envision their ideal for the future and to visualize and voice it through art and music. The workshops also incorporate an exchange and development of knowledge between the participants, artists, and the community. The Collective brings their knowledge and experience of contemporary aboriginal art and music, as well as introduce guest artists that present their work and mentor through participating in the workshops themselves. The participants of the workshops gain developmental collaboration knowledge through the unique experiences of the workshops, such as: communication and relationship building skills (through sharing stories, perspectives, experiences and the visions for their communities and lives), technical skills (in visual art, and sound recording equipment), and composition and creation skills (through developing their own visual art, writing, or music pieces) with the facilitators. It also provides a unique opportunity for the collective to experience and further develop their knowledge of contemporary and traditional artistic practices of the various nations of BC through working with other established aboriginal artists (Lawrence Paul Yuxweluptun is Coast Salish/Okana-

gan, but has strong ties to the Secwepemc Territory, and Tania Willard is Secwepemc from Neskonlith). The Collective kicked off their tour at the Memorial to Sir Wilfrid Laurier celebration this past June, at the incredible new structure at the Cooks Ferry Indian Band. This is where we were able to present our past work to familiarize people with what developed our foundation for our current work, and gave us an opportunity to present our new project to the public, especially since the rededication ceremony involved the neighboring nations that were

to be involved. It was also where we were delivered our tipi that we would be painting on, from SunMaker Arts, one of our project sponsors, in a way that was very serendipitous. You can hear that story on Youtube, if you would like to check it out. Our next stop was an added tour journey that included the Nu-Chah-Nuulth Nation. The Toquaht community offered sponsorship to our project to cover our costs if we were able to make it down to their 1st Totem Pole Raising Ceremony, in the community of Macoah, in Barkley Sound of Southwest Vancouver Island (near Ucluelet and Tofino). We would be able to do a 3 day workshop with their youth and leadership as well as take in the ceremony! Excitedly we agreed to make the journey that would be one of our most gratifying stops. We worked with the Haa’wiith (Hereditary Chief), Council, Youth, Youth Guest Artist Carlos Mack, and even some Band office workers who were members of the community on their dream vision of their community, which was an eye opener for all. There is not much opportunity for a group like that to express their ideas in a non-intimidating way where their ideas can be shown visually. After the ceremony, their ideas were fresh and ready for the picking. On our return from the Island we headed straight to the Squilax Pow-wow in

Secwepemculcw. Pow-wow’s are a great place to gather youth that are often very creative people in their lives outside the pow-wow, as well as having family’s that encourage their artistic side. Our workshop was well received for 2 days and a variety of people became conscious of the work we had been doing and interested in inviting us to their community or connecting us with like minded others that they knew. We had some beautiful pieces painted on the tipi at that time, representing their vision to revitalize our Mother Earth once again in their future. Our next tour stops were focused on the part of the project that incorporated our exchange and development of knowledge. We presented our work at the Hat Creek Gathering, an event in Secwepemc territory that has been going on for over 30 years, that celebrates sharing and developing community and furthering protection of our beautiful land through promoting social and environmental responsibility. Then we traveled to the far north area of Secwepemculcw, the ArtsWells Festival, to present our work as a cross cultural exchange of knowledge. There will be a song on our next album that will reflect this journey, which was performed with the collective during the workshop, which you will have to wait to hear! It seemed like we just returned and unpacked when we were off to Bonaparte Pow-wow, which was particularly special because it is one of my home community’s. For 2 days we presented our workshop as well as corresponded with many people who were interested in what we were painting. By this time the tipi was starting to really take form, and we could tell it would be a sight to behold when it was completed. Other’s agreed and requested to be notified when we were going to do the first set up.

Our next stop was to cover an event as media for The Melawmen Collective at the Roots and Blues Festival in Salmon Arm. Our purpose was to find the Indigenous performers to watch, to find out what their arts focus was. One of the most talented was Pura Fe, who was incredibly well received with standing ovations for her songs on the state of the effects of colonization and borders on our peoples. One of my personal favorites was “We didn’t cross no borders, the borders crossed me”. Our next stop was the Neskonlith Pow-wow, where we were to work with Secwepemc Contemporary Artist Tania Willard. We arrived a day early to set up and take in some local events happening in the community. Tania arrived with her “Team Bannock” painting smock on and was set to go. She was delighted to work with us all day and created some amazing work with youth rep Nathan Lynn and others who came throughout the weekend. It was a busy back to back 2 days culminating with a rain storm at the very end of our last day! Tania was game, and helped us take down our workshop structure and agreed to work with us again before our tour ended. Our next stop we had been excited about was heading up to the Northern Secwepemćuĺeucw, the Canim Lake Band, for their gathering. What a beautiful arbor they have in the middle of a peaceful forest! But the rain kyboshed any plans we had for painting outdoors, so we focused on recording any youth who wanted to be a part of the compilation album to come. We look forward to releasing some of the awesome songs from “Traveling Spirit”, an incredible drum group from the area, as well as some other round dance songs we were able to record in the middle of a forest, with our trusty mobile recording device. Talk about a back to the land approach to recording! We are now starting to wrap up our tour for your information contact Meeka or Rob at 250-453-9711 or And stay tuned for a more reflective story on our collective’s experience of this tour.

Secwepemc NEWS



Canim Lake Band Log Building Training Tsq’escen Stick Game Champs in Sugar Lake

Submitted by Pamela Theordore

Program – Phase 2 The Canim Lake Band began a log building training program last year in joint partnership with Hugh Hamilton, owner, Calija Log & Timber Homes Ltd. five trainees began the training and completed twenty six weeks learning the Dovetail Log hewn style of log building. The trainees were: Corey Archie, Jessarae Archie, Derek Christopher, Kurtis Christopher and Ryan Christopher. The instructors were Hugh Hamilton and Ken Born of Calija. The youth learned to work safely with hand and power tools of the trade, including: drills, bolt drivers, grinders, power planers, skill saws, chain saws, steel cut off saws, loader, tractor, tower crane, truck crane, band saw mill, hydraulic jacks, small hand tools. A lot of skills were learned vast skills for Dovetail including scribing and notch cutting, joist notch layout and cutting, chain saw plunge cuts, rafter layout, rafter and birds mouth cutting, window header layout and cutting and how to do do tagging and labeling, trailer loading sequesnce, tear down and setp procedures, roof system set up, and much more. They built four cabins and tore down and moved two and put them back up. The two first cabins they built were only 300sq ft, both of which sold at $8,000.00 each. They built an 1100 sq ft cabin in the “Eva” design. This cabin is worth $30,000.00. They built a 1750 sq ft cabin in the “St. Andrew’s” design, this cabin is worth $60,000.00. All prices include delivery (may vary depending on location). The crew gained employability skills in the log construction field. They know their way around a log building yard and a construction site. Learning how to use a chain saw as a fine detail carving tool as well as a bulk wood removal tool. Having mastered a skill that requires special knowledge and complex detail. The group have created

something on a large scale, on public display, done to a professional standard. Experiencing injuries, which although are a bad experience, show the boundaries of safety and danger. The trainees expressed at the end of last years program that the job to be done was easier than what their first impressions were. The trainees expressed a sense of accomplishment and show a greater amount of confidence in themselves. On the new phase, the trainees will be learning to do round notch log building. They have already started on the project and have been learning new skills. They are enthusiastic and work very hard. The Canim Lake Band is looking forward to another successful training project. As the overall co-ordinator for the project, I would like to express my appreciation to the trainees (including new trainee Daryl Theodore) and to Hugh Hamilton of Calija Log & Timber Homes for their efforts and commitment. We have a great working relationship and partner in this joint venture . Submitted by Pam Theodore, Land Administrator/Executive Assistant, Canim Lake Band. For information on the sale of these two cabins, please contact Pamela Theodore at the Canim Lake Band Office @ (250) 397-2227 or email: Pam Theodore <landscoordinator@>

Back Left: Lenore Christopher, Cindy Archie, Melody Henderson Front L to R: Janice Frank, Edna Sellars photo courtesy of Lenore Christopher

The Royalty of Tsq’escen Pow Wow

Outgoing princess Haileigh Archie, Incoming Princess Sr. Alana Dick-Canim Lake, Jr Princess Tashanna James-Vancouver Photos provided by Lenore Christopher

photos provided by Pamela Theordore

Canim Lake Art Show Opening, masks done by Lorie Christopher. All proceeds from the sale of these masks will go to the “House Of Ruth” Womens Recovery House


Secwepemc NEWS

SNTC Chief’s Summary In Attendance Chiefs: Wayne Christian, Nelson Leon, Judy Wilson, Terry Porter, Keith Matthew, Michael LeBourdais and Rick Deneault. Councillors: Roseanne Casimir, Fred Fortier, Cliff Arnouse and Randy Williams. SNTC: Bonnie Leonard (Tribal Director), Walter Quinlan (Communications) and Veronica Leonard (Executive Assistant) Elders : Richard Billy, Minnie Kenoras Josh Gottfriedson (Youth) Community Roundtable Splats’in hosted the Cooke Creek cultural camp during the third week of August. Whispering Pines/Clinton held community fish camp and they’re looking forward to a good hunting season. Simpcw held a first fish ceremony with pit cooking ceremony. They’ve received lots of fish. Adams Lake distributed a BC Elders Gathering report along with a request to assist with the deficit that was incurred by ALIB. They’re organizing a community hunt. A Japanese delegation will be visiting for the Adams River Sockeye run. Bonaparte is encouraging young people with trades training. The band pays half until the young person gets their apprenticeship. They also have an agreement with Tk’emlups and Skeetchestn about employing the young tradespeople. Neskonlith hosted an open house for their Eco Homes. It’s a part of their plan for economic development balanced with securing rights and title. There was also a Salmon peoples workshop INAC funding for children and family services Steve Knudsen (Secwepemc Child and Family Services) brought to the attention of the Council of Chiefs a proposed change in funding from INAC that would cause a loss of support services delivered to First Nations. He asked the Chiefs to advocate against this change. The Chiefs decided to support SCFS in principle and to pressure INAC to continue current funding arrangements. Elders Report Richard Billy reported that he’s trying to organize an Elders meeting up north in order to hear more from people in that part of the territory. He would also like to see

the elders doing more with Secwepemc youth. Youth Report Josh Gottfriedson submitted the Youth group’s draft Terms of Reference for the Chiefs to go over. Finance Committee Chief Matthew thanked the Tribal Director and the Finance department that all the financial reporting was done. He congratulated SNTC for raising $4,300.00 for the BC Elders Gathering. The Council of Chiefs accepted the Consolidated Reports for SNTC, Secwepemc Fisheries Commission and CIPAHRD. Work @ SNTC The Tribal Director reported that the August 25th Laurier Memorial event was well-attended and that every copy of the commemorative brochure was taken by guests. She’s also: coordinating the Northern Secwepemc Tribal Council’s participation in the Consultation and Accommodation Technical Working Group; drafting a Governance Policy for Chiefs; working on amendments to the SNTC Human Resources policy. SNTC will be moved in to the new building by November 1st. CIPAHRD: The 18-month Aboriginal Skills to Employment Program is up and running. It’s based out of the offices of Central Interior Training and Employment Services on Briar Street. Shuswap Training and Employment Program gave a Quarterly Report. From April to June they processed 97 new contracts: 52 for individual skill development; 32 band projects, eight urban projects and five for urban summer students. STEP is a partner in the BC Aboriginal Mine Training Association Partnership. Referrals are made to the BCAMTA through the Kamloops Aboriginal Employment Services office. Kamloops Aboriginal Employment Services (KAES): There was a total of 1,071 client visits in the first three months of 2010: an increase of nearly 30%. The number of new clients starting Action Plans decreased slightly, but, there’s been an increase in number of files closed because people found work. Central Interior Trades and Apprenticeship

SEPTEMBER 2010 Centre invested time over the summer to build relationships with their partners (eg: TRU, New Gold, BCAMTA, Xaxlip, etc …) and work with their clients.

Chief Nelson Leon noted that it would be good to see updates on the work being done in the communities and follow up with a collective strategy.

Secwepemc Fisheries Commission informed the Chiefs that the Cohen Commission will be in Kamloops on October 21st. Chief Nelson Leon, Councillor Fred Fortier, Pat Matthew and Dr. Ron Ignace have been put forward by the SFC lawyers as potential witnesses to speak about cultural knowledge and traditional fisheries management. Also, the Salute to Sockeye event will run for three weeks in October.

Communication According to Chief Wilson funding for information technology projects is stalled because of the issue surrounding ANTCO’s role. The Chiefs believe that the communities should do the strategic planning, not ANTCO.

The Stsmemelt Project has completed ten briefing sessions with Councils and three Community Engagement sessions. Chief Porter said that,”It was a good session at Bonaparte and it will be very interesting to see what Lynn and Doreen come up with from the Community Engagement meetings. In October, the Tribal Director will facilitate a one-day session with Secwepemc lawyers to examine the viability of a legal unit for this project. In November, there will be a three-day strategic planning session. Rights and Title On October 8th, there will be a meeting of Secwepemc chiefs to complete the draft Protocol Agreement to take back to the 17 councils for ratification. Councillor Fred Fortier noted that Simpcw is engaged in value-based land use planning to replace the current Referral system. Elder Minnie Kenoras said that “claiming back our area” is important, for “going back to a healthy life.”

Culture Chief Wilson spoke of how cultural heritage is linked to rights and title. She encouraged more ceremonies and participation from youth and elders. Forestry Chief Matthew posed the question, “Why are First Nations paying rents, when the Minister said a year ago that rents would be forgiven?” A template letter has been drafted for each community to send to the Minister. Economic Development SEDCO is restructuring with a separate administration at arm’s length from SNTC. The task at hand is to create opportunities for SEDCO and contractors and employment for community members. Chief Matthew noted that Neskonlith IB has taken the initiative to get a draft agreement with Aspen Planers to sell them 250,000 cubic metres of Pine Beetle timber. The key now is to find the operating areas to harvest the wood and this requires help from the communities and their forestry staff people. A meeting scheduled for September 29th will address all related issues.

Kukpi7 Wayne Christian and Chief David Walkum during the Sir. Wilfred Laurier Celebration

Celebrat ing Excellen ce and Dedicati on SEPTEMBER 2010

Secwepemc NEWS


Above: Marianne Ignace Below: Mona Jules, Natalie Wolfe

Charlie Fortier, FNLP - Valedictorian

Gayle Frank, BA - Valedictorian

Twenty two years after its inception as a bare bones university program in the former Kamloops Indian Residential School, Simon Fraser University Kamloops is graduated its 443rd students at their fall convocation ceremony on Friday, September 24, 2010 at the Skelep School of Excellence Gymnasium. The program started with little money, but what made up for this was the vision of community leaders, elders, and the various communities , the dedicated educators from the university and the communities, and most of all, the very courageous students. Students not only helped revitalize their First Nations cultures and languages while attaining a university education, they take the skills and knowledge they gained back to their own communities. Comprising 23 students, this year’s SFU Kamloops graduating class continues to demonstrate the importance of reconnecting with First Nations culture and languages. Several students are graduating with B.A. Degees in archaeology, anthropology, First

Desmond Peters, BA, Valedictorian

Nations studies, and linguistics. There are fourteen students that will celebrate their completion of SFU’s unique Certificate in First Nations Language Proficiency for not only Sewepemctsin, the local First Nations language, but for Tsihqot’in, Heiltsuk, Upriver Halkomedem, Downriver Halq’emcylem, St’at’imcets, Xaad KilHaida, and Southern Tutchone, Kaska and Tlingit in the Yukon - all offered through outreach programs in their local speed communities throughout BC and the Yukon. Finally, several students graduated with the post baccalaureate diploma in arts and social sciences. A BGS degree completion was also recognized. In addition, there were students who graduated with two other related certificates. 2010 Graduates: Bachelor of Arts Anthony, Rita Rose ~ Yunesit’en Government (Joint Major in First Nations Studies and Linguistics) Eustache, Josephine Bernardine ~ Simpcw First Nation (Major in Anthropology, Minor in Linguistics) Frank, Gayle Lynn ~ Bridge River Indian

Band (Joint Major in Archaeology and First Nations Studies) Haig-Brown, Linda Ann ~ Yunesit’in Government (Major in English and Minor in First Nations Studies) Peters, Desmond Herman, Jr. ~ Ts’kw’aylaxw First Nation (Joint Major in First Nations Studies and Linguistics) Wolfe, Natalie ~ Skeetchestn Indian Band (Extended Minor in Archaeology and Extended Minor in Linguistics) Bachelor of General Studies Setah-Alphonse, Jessica ~ Yunesit’in Government (Minor in First Nations Studies) Post-Baccalaureate Diploma in Arts and Social Sciences * Joe. Colleen Heather (Champagne & Aishihik First Nation) ~ Southern Tutchone Jules , Mona Helen (Simpcw First Nation ) - Secwepemctsin Shadow, Sharon Virginal ( Champagne & Aishihik First Nation) ~ Southern Tutchone *focus Linguistics and First Nations Language Certificate in First Nations Language Proficiency August, Karen Rosalie (Neskonlith Indian Band) ~ Secwepemctsin

Church, Karen Lovisa (Masset/Haidi Gwaii, Queen Charlottes) ~ X aad Kil Haida Cooley, Bessie (Teslin Tlingit Council) ~ Tlingit Dick, Floyd Alexander (Esk’etemc First Nation) ~ Secwepemctsin Elkins, Jerita ( Tl’etinqox-T’in Government Office ) ~ Tsilhqot’in Fortier, Charlene Lee (Simpcw First Nation) ~ Secwepemctsin Haller, Trena ( Yunesit’in Government ) ~ Tsilhqot’in James, Peter Andrew (Katzie First Nation) ~ Downriver Halkomelem Leon, Paula Annette (Katzie First Nation) ~ Downriver Halkomelem Point, Evangeline ( Chehalis First Nation ) ~ Upriver    Halq’emeylem Sterriah, Nancy (Ross River Dena Council) ~ Kaska Stump, Cherilyn ( Tl’etinqox-T’in Government Office ) ~ Tsilhqot’in Stump, Jeannette Ann (Tl’etinqox-T’in Government Office) ~ Tsilhqot’in Wolfe, Natalie (Skeetchestn Indian Band) ~ Secwepemctsin Certificate in First Nations Studies Research Anthony, Rita Rose (Yunesit’in Government) Certificate in Cultural Resource Management Setah-Alphonse, Jessica ( Yunesit’in Government Office)


Secwepemc NEWS


Salute to the Sockeye a World Class Event Adams River Salmon Society PRESS RELEASE September 23, 2010

Students that completed the Aboriginal Gateway to the Trades Program

Neskonlith Band and College celebrate student achievements Submitted by Janet Lemieux

Okanagan College recently celebrated the achievements of a group of students who participated in the Aboriginal Gateway to the Trades program, which ended last month in Chase, BC at the Neskonlith Band’s woodworking shop. The 12-week program was designed to provide students with both practical and theoretical experience in a wide variety of building trade sectors. Students gained skills and the first hand knowledge necessary to make an informed choice of which trade to enter. Students learned practical skills and industry requirements for a variety of building trades and how to secure employment and training.

“One of the real highlights of this program is that we were able to cooperate with the Neskonlilth Band and deliver this program using their wood working shop,” said Janet Lemieux, program administrator for Okanagan College. “The students have learned to use the many tools safely and have built all kinds of projects including picnic tables.” The theoretical and practical training included trades-specific safety, trades math, operation of hand and power tools, material identification, trade specific skills in carpentry, plumbing, electrical, drywall and painting. The graduates of the program are now looking to further their education in trades foundational programs like joinery, electrical, residential construction, adult upgrading and landscaping programs.

Every four years the North Shuswap basks in the attention of provincial, national and international media thanks to one of the world’s largest salmon runs. With the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) predicting a total of 30 million salmon in the entire Fraser River system, the Adams River run may indeed be one of the largest in a hundred years. To commemorate the run and to welcome the many thousands of visitors, the Adams River Salmon Society hosts the Salute to the Sockeye celebration at Roderick Haig-Brown Park, held this year from October 2 to October 24. At the event, three large tents are set up. Two tents contain displays about the salmon life-cycle and related issues and are run by staff from BC Parks, DFO and the Fraser Salmon and Watersheds Program. Another tent is for souvenir sales. “The Salute to the Sockeye”is a unique opportunity to celebrate the diversity and strength of our natural world. It draws tens of thousands of people from around the globe to experience this miracle together,” noted Jeremy Heighton with DFO. “The sockeye are a truly miraculous animal. They battle insurmountable odds in order to arrive, spawn and die; thus for many who witness their migration, this life cycle is inspirational,” added Heighton. Art and music will be parallel themes throughout the event. During the Salute, the Salmon Society’s interpretative cabin is used to market local arts and crafts. This year the Artisan Cabin will be managed by Fireweed Gallery owner, Lynn Erin. Adding to the festive spirit will be a number of local musicians who will take turns busking at the cabin. As well, there will be a number of artists-in-residence during the Salute, who will be observing the sights and capturing the scene with their artwork. Perhaps the next most popular pastime besides viewing the spawning salmon is enjoying the excellent food served at the four concessions. The Chase and North Shuswap Lions will have one concession and Chase Rotary another, with proceeds going to charities. As well, there will be First Nation booths that serve bannock, bison chili, chowder and BBQ salmon. The Salute calls for the best hospitality skills that the Shuswap can offer. Many volunteers are needed to help set up, run the admission gate, help with parking, provide interpretive services and serve as event hosts for the expected 120,000 visitors. Over eighty volunteers have signed up so far!

On Sunday, October 3rd, the Adams River Salmon Society in conjunction with the Little Shuswap Lake Indian Band is hosting a one-day festival to celebrate the opening of this year’s Salute to the Sockeye. A full afternoon of free entertainment is planned, including a concert by Shuswap’s most famous Rhythm and Blues band, the Salmon Armenians, who are sponsored by Scotch Creek SuperValu. The Festival begins at 1 pm with a Secwepemc opening prayer and song by Shuswap elder, Ethel Billy, followed by a welcoming address by Little Shuswap Indian Band Chief Felix Arnouse. The Festival Emcee will be the well known Shuswap folk singer and music producer, Ted Crouch. In addition to short talks from Department of Fisheries and Oceans and BC Parks reps, there will be a keynote speech by the daughter of Roderick HaigBrown, Mary Haig-Brown about her famous father and his connection to the park and his role in fishery conservation. The theme for the 2010 Salute to the Sockeye Festival is music and one of the highlights will be the performances by the winners of “The Song for the Salmon” songwriting contest. Musicians from throughout the region have spent months composing their songs, which will be judged during the last week of September. The winner will receive $500, two passes to the 2011 Roots and Blues festival and a hand sculpted glass trophy by Chuck St. John. The second place winner will receive $250. The Festival could not happen without the generosity of our local sponsors: Scotch Creek Super Valu, Peoples Drug Mart and Adams Lake Lumber. For more information, contact Sandra Spicer at 9558189.Contact: Jim Cooperman, Media Liaison Adams River Salmon Society R.R. 1 S10 C2 Chase, B.C., V0E 1M0 250-679-3693, cell 319-4197,

Secwepemc NEWS


Discover Your Options for Insulin Therapy The Importance of Taking Care of your Mental & Spiritual Health in Diabetes This is the eighteenth article in a series of articles discussing diabetes. With the incidence of diabetes being on the rise in our population, at Manshadi Pharmacy we have taken a great interest in diabetes care and would be happy to answer any questions that you may have regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and management of the disease and its related complications. Over the past year, my articles have focused on the prevention and treatment of the physical aspects of diabetes and its associated complications. I would now like to discuss the psychological implications of being diagnosed with diabetes and why maintaining your mental and spiritual health is just as important as your physical health. The diagnosis and treatment of diabetes can be stressful to cope with. Uncontrolled blood sugar levels and the resulting symptoms that go along with them can make it hard to maintain a positive attitude and often are the cause of mood swings. It is common for diabetics to feel overwhelmed by their condition not only upon diagnosis but also by the amount of energy required for everyday management of their blood sugars. Additionally, it can be discouraging for someone who is diabetic when their blood sugars become uncontrolled or complications develop despite their best efforts. For example, in some diabetics, sexual dysfunction may develop which is a major contributing factor for stress or depression. Since stress and depression is something that commonly

afflicts those with diabetes, I would like to discuss in further detail the association and management of these conditions. Stress management should be an important part of your diabetes management plan. Increased stress levels can lead to unexplained increases in blood glucose levels and untreated stress can contribute to the development of depression. The good news is that many stress management techniques are also useful for helping to manage your blood glucose levels such as eating nutritiously and exercising regularly. Some other techniques include breathing exercises, meditation and prayer, limiting your caffeine and sugar intake, getting proper sleep, and ensuring that you have a good support structure in place to help you manage your diabetes. Another important point to consider is that many people during a time of stress may turn to alcohol to help relax. Generally, alcohol is not good for diabetics as it can cause unpredictable changes in blood sugars and can lead to disruptive sleep if taken close to bedtime. Instead, you may want to consider taking supplements such as B-Complex, Omega-3 Fish Oils, and Vitamin D which have been shown to help improve mental functioning. The incidence of depression is double in diabetics than in the general population, although a clear association between the two has not been discovered. However, it is clear that the two disease states have the ability to exacerbate one another. Depression may be due to the stress associated with having a chronic illness or it may result from the metabolic effects of

diabetes on the brain. It is important to treat and manage depression in diabetics as those who have a history tend to have more complications resulting from their diabetes. Some of the signs and symptoms of depression include: inappropriate changes in weight or appetite, feeling agitated, guilty, or sad, low energy level, loss of concentration, sleep disturbances, and suicidal thoughts. If you think that you may be affected by depression, it is important to discuss this with any member of your diabetes management team who can assist you with exploring your treatment options. Treatment options for depression include the lifestyle management techniques discussed above as well as counseling, natural supplements, and prescription medications. Often a combination of therapies is the most useful. Always discuss the use of any supplements with your pharmacist or doctor before starting them as they can have the potential to interact with your current medication regimen. I hope that this article has shown you the importance of maintaining your mental health as a part of your diabetes management. Your diabetes management plan should encompass caring for your mind, body, and spirit. In my next article I am going to discuss the impact of sleep disorders on diabetics and offer some tips and tricks associated with good sleep hygiene. Sincerely, Laura Burgess, B.Sc. Pharm., Certified Diabetes Educator Pharmacist, Manshadi Pharmacy

Alzheimer’s Society of BC

Q’wemtsin Health Society, Skeetchestn

Indian Band and Tk ’emlúps Indian Band would like to thank all of the 22 venders that came to share there information and resources at our 2010 Health Fair’s.

Breast Cancer Foundation

Canadian Mental Health Association Hands on Health Kamloops Brain Injury Association First Nations Health Council Medichair Melissa Bradwell –Naturopath

Safeway Pharmacy TIB Sports and Recreation

MANSHADI PHARMACY Prescriptions,Compounding Medical Supplies

477 St. Paul St. Kamloops

(250) 372-2223 Trusted Advice & Wholesome Care

Missagh Manshadi

Laura Burgess

Certified Injection Administrator Compounding Specialist

Certified Injection Administrator Certified Diabetic Educator

B. Sc. Pharm

B. Sc. Pharm

FREE DELIVERY We can transfer your prescription and start serving you today. FREE A1C Diabetes test ($35.00 Value)


Nov. 26th to Nov. 28th, 2010 Where: Skeetchestn Gymnasium When: Grand Entry Friday @ 7 pm Saturday @ 1 pm & 7 pm Food will be provided NO ALCOHOL OR DRUGS PERMITTED ON THE PREMISES

For more information contact Chyrel Hewitt, Jennifer Camille or Corinne Mackenzie of the Skeetchestn Band @ (250) 373-2493 ASK Wellness Centre

Axis Occupational Health


Bone Density

Canadian Diabetes Association Choices

Independent Respiratory Services Kamloops Fit Centre

Make Children First Mountain Medical RCMP

Secwepemc Child and Family White Buffalo

Thank You and Hope to See You All Next Year !


Secwepemc NEWS


Oil change “ express Lube” includes 5 litres of oil and a oil filter

5 9 . 9


Wheel Alignment Check

We accept status cards

Phone: (250) 296-4453

21st Annual Salmon Run

Left to right: Pat Matthew, Mark Matthew, Therese Ritchie, Mike Loring, Gerald Loring, Zach Gottfriedson, Michael Loring, Monte Bromley(DFO-Clearwater), Shelly Loring, Tina Donald missing Nathan Matthew (take pic) Submitted by Tina Donald

The “Salmon Run” originally started in 1988 to promote awareness of CNR wanting to double track their line from Jasper all the way to Vancouver. This of course would affect the river system and all salmon and their spawning grounds all the way. The first year went from Tete Jeune Cache to Vancouver with numerous bands participating along through their individual territory, also it was a one long running relay passing an eagle feather from one person to the next. Nathan Matthew was the organizer of the Salmon Run from the beginning to until about five years ago where I became the organizer. Simpcw FN has continued the Salmon Run, one of our longest running traditions, since 1988. The following two years it was a running relay starting on a Friday evening and ending

in Louis Creek on Sunday afternoon. The fourth year it was switched to a bike relay starting Saturday morning at 6am from Tete Jeune Cache after dipping the eagle feather into to the Upper Fraser River and a smudging & prayer ceremony. The first group would ride from 6am to 10am, second group from 10am to 2pm and third group from 2-6pm, which ends the day in Clearwater. The Sunday morning group continues from Clearwater at 9am and rides until they reach Louis Creek. This year a plaque was done with all participants names for the first 20 years. Kukstsemc to everyone who participated this year and to those who have been part of the salmon run over the past twenty years. We have created numerous fond memories while participating in the salmon run.

Tire change over 4 for nine brands of winter tires to $60.00 choose from Bryan Markin, Greg Eustache, Cary Markin, starting by Shelly station on Sunday morning

‘Together… building a community’ SHOW HOMES OPEN Golf Ridge Executive Townhomes Daily 10 am - 5 pm Irongate & The Pointe Weekends 1 pm - 5 pm

Excellent Homes… Exceptional Golf Kamloops, BC 250.828.9989 l l

Secwepemc NEWS

SEPTEMBER 2010 Greetings........... I would like to congratulate Priscilla S. Alexander my daughter for the delivery of a baby girl on August 21st Maureen Irene Alexander 8lbs 9oz @ 4:33am. May the year be gracious! Love mom (Ida Alexander) Happy Birthday on Oct 13th to Alicia RainPotts, Oct. 10th to Dalla “Mom/Kye7e” Powder & Artorious “Willow” Kenoras. Oct 23rd “AJK”-Arthur Kenoras Sr. From Jason, Jeanne, Janna & Joaqin September Birthday Wishes 13 - Madia Thomas 23 - Olvia Phillips 23 - Katherine Stevens 24 - Ashley Casimer 25 - Sherry Thomas Oxtober Birthday Wishes 5 - Sophie Thomas 7 - Jamie Thomas and Ashley Casimer’ s baby will born 16 - Zachary Thomas These Birthday Wishes are coming from; Julia Thomas and family. Thank you very much in doing this for me. Julia Thomas Happy Birthday to Leah Beans on October 3, 2010 Love ya girl. Mom, Les. P, Bro Willis, Uncle Bob and Uncle Willy and all your friends at Esket Happy 25th Birthday to Willis Joel Harry for October 17, 2010. Enjoy your day. Love you, Mom, Les. P, sis Leah Beans, Bob and Dad Willie J. Happy 1st Birthday Sierra Rose Anastasia George on October 28, 2010 Happy Birthday Candice Naomi Ariane George on November 3, 2010 Happy Belated Birthday to Savanna Montana Shelby Robbins on September 19, 2010 Love Mom, Kye7e Lori Marsh

This is the biggest wish ever for my Mother, grandmother, greatgrandmother and my best friend. There are so little words to describe what my mother really means to me, she has been through so much in her life and I am very, very proud of her for being such a strong survivor through all of it. She is such an inspiration to me and my boys. I love her with all of my heart and soul, her grandsons feel the same way and her three great grandchildren, Damita, Cortez and Savannah Leech. I know I never see Mother as much as I should but know this mother, there is nothing that I would never do for you. I miss you and Love you forever Mother. By the way. Happy 80th birthday on September 22, 2010. Thank you so much mom for the life you have given me. Happy 80th birthday grama love from Mike and Andrea, Lloyd and Roxy and Travis wishing you the best day ever. X0X0 Love and hugs to great-grama from Damita, Cortez and Savanna Love your daughter Susie Leech

Canim Lake Art Show By Wilma Boyce

The Canim Lake Band in conjunction with the Parkside Art Gallery, and coordinated by the Canim Lake Wellness Centre are proud to showcase the Canim Lake Band’s Heritage show. There are various displays – arts and crafts, cultural and traditional practices, traditional games, traditional territories, sports and recreation and more – spanning from the latter 1800’s to the present day 2010. There will be story tellers on scheduled days to present to schools and the general public: Historical story tellers, Oral history of pictures, cultural/traditional practices of the Shuswap, hunting/trapping/fishing activities, Arts & Crafts demonstrations on various days. During the opening ceremonies, Friday, September 17, 2010 there was drummers and singers, and dancers performances, before the feast of traditional finger foods – dried deer/moose, dried fish, bannock for sampling, along with cooked salmon to celebrate the opening of the show. On display will be Artisans - arts and crafts (Contemporary and Artifacts) for sale and display only. Artisans include – Edwin Noisecat, Louise Alphonse, Zoey Daniels, Lori Christopher, Ivan Christopher, Jerome Boyce, Mark Boyce, Bradley Archie, and Mary Ann Christopher – along with many more artisans on display. There are artifacts for display only from artisans: the late - Lizzie Archie, Cecelia Bob, Rose Daniels, Darlene Boyce, Eliza Archie, Joseph Pete and more. There is a traditional foods and medicines display donated by the White Feather Family Centre/Antoinette and Elsie Archie; La Hal Display donated by the Frank Family (Janice and Lenore);

Without You Mom, without you, there would be no me. Your love, your attention, your guidence, have made me who I am, Without you, I would be lost, wandering aimlessly without direction or purpose. You showed me the way to serve, to accomplish, to perserve. Without you, there would be an empty space I could never fill, no matter how I tried. I have joy, contentment, satisfaction and peace. Thank you mom. I have always loved you and I always will. by Joanna Fuchs

Traditional Hunting, fishing and gathering display; Traditional Clothing and regalia’s display; and other historical articles and maps. When you attend the show, you have to come back over and over to take in the full display, as it contains over 100 years of history. Canim Lake Band Heritage Days is still requesting historical pictures, elders pictures, traditional activities pictures from Band Members and Non-Native individuals to add to the Heritage Photo collection for future Canim Lake Band Heritage Days shows and Aboriginal Perspectives (cross cultural workshops). We are also requesting that people come forward


and identify people in the historical and residential school pictures. We are still accepting arts and crafts from artisans to sell, please telephone and leave a message for Andrea Boyce at 250-397-2502. I would like to thank all the artisans, organizations and business sponsors who continue to support the Canim Lake Band Heritage Show and Cross Cultural Aboriginal Perspectives trainings. Articles, pictures, etc. can be brought into the Canim Lake Band Wellness Centre – see Wilma Boyce or telephone 250-397-2277. Thank you. Wilma K. Boyce – Administrator, Canim Lake Family Wellness Centre


This listing is FREE to all Secwepemc. Simply phone, e-mail, fax, or mail your information to the Secwepemc News, #311-355 Yellowhead Hwy, Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1, Phone: (250) 828-9783, Fax: (250) 372-1127, e-mail: All R Creations Hand Carved Jewellery Roxane McCallum (604)826-0095 BC Custom Wood Caskets Williams Lake Ted Moses, Kristy Palmantier (250) 296-3524 Beadwork, Regalia Kamloops Louise Alphonse (250) 574-8002 Baskets - Birch Bark Salmon Arm Delores Purdaby (250) 832-6538 Birch Baskets Harold Thomas (250) 833-4016 Big Sky Station Store & Gas Savona Joan McTaggart (250) 373-0043 Black Bear Developments Kamloops Rick & Sunny LeBourdais (250) 579-5720 Resource Planner & Owner Orbis Ent Ltd. Fax:(250) 305-2445 Ph:(250) 305-7415 E: Casper Creations Kamloops Dora Casper (250) 376-1736 Chief Technologies Chase Craig Duck Chief (250) 320-5219 Don Cook Contracting - Excavating & Fencing (250) 838-6299 / 503-8006 (c) Deana’s Dream Cree-ations Kamloops Deana Nicholson, Consultant (250) 377-1087 Nitehawks Band Interior of BC Les Johnson (250) 440-5692 Falling & Contracting Canim Lake Gregg Archie (250) 397-4137 Farrier Services Williams Lake Tom Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Full Circle Designs Kamloops Travis Marr (250) 828-0770 Hall/Conference Centre 4 Rent Chase Adams Lake Rec. Centre (250) 679-3515 Herbalife Distributor Kamloops Vanessa Holte (250) 574-6975 Indigenous Eco-cultural Education & Consulting Services Chase Dawn Morrison (250) 679-1116 Inspirational Catering, Aboriginal & Canadian Cuisine - Lonny Paul (250) 267-3314 (250) 375-2092 Lawyer Kamloops Linda D. Thomas Law Corp. (250) 319-8045 Little Bear Gift Shop & Gallery Chase Margaret Anderson (250) 572-4939 Margaret’s Cleaning Service Margaret Billy (250) 682-3517

Nature’s Best Buffalo meat/products Williams Lake Tom & Karen Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Neskonlith Advisory Services Chase Neskonlith Indian Band (250) 679-3295 Pathways Designs in Landscaping Linda Stump (250) 819-4969 Personalized Stained Glass Chase Doreen Kenoras (250) 679-3783 Pet Transport Kamloops Edwin Marten (250) 319-5097 Photography/Videography Kamloops Michelle Jones (250) 434-9703 Puss N’ Boots Daycare Kamloops Lucy Jules (250) 828-9429 Randy Sam Art Studio Chase Goldsmith - Randy Sam (250) 679-1054 Red Willow Designs Chase/Vancouver Tanya Willard (604) 992-7151 Regal Representative Kamloops, BC Sabrina Thomas (250) 852-2878 Regalia & First Nation Crafts Kamloops Doris Bamford (250) 314-9820 Ribbon Shirts & Regalia Kamloops Trish Terry (250) 376-9001 Rock’s in the Wind Creations Chase Rock & Dianne Denault @ Running Wolf Video Productions BC Doreen Manuel (604) 837-3663 Rustic Wear Kamloops Cody Stewart (250) 377-5237 Sage Wellness - Energy Work Kamloops Yvonne LaRochelle (250) 819-9140 Seklep Confections (250) 679-2053 Native Image Chocolates- Halle Dennis Shiny Nicol Cleaning Services Chase Doreen Nicol (250)577-3532 / (778) 220-4967(c) Skwlax Gas & Convenience Chase John Anderson (250) 679-7623 Spectrum Computer Services Chase Raymond Anthony (250) 682-3517 Star Blankets Chase Sharon Sellars (250) 679-8812 / 682-2261(c) Talking Rock Resort & Quaaout Conf. Centre Chase -Trevor Smith, GM 1(800) 663-4303 Testop Publishing Chase Tess Tomma (250) 835-8446 Tribal (band) Shuswap Peter August (250) 679-8597 Tupperware Consultant Merritt Deanne Eustache (250) 378-1808 Wedding/Events Coordinator Louise Alphonse (250) 574-8002


Secwepemc NEWS



JD & Ethel Billy Secwepemc King & Queen

Secwepemc Prayer Kukstéc-kuc Tqelt Kukpi7 t’e skectec-kuc t’e tmicws-kuc. We thank you Creator for giving us this beautiful earth. Yucwminte xwexweyt t’e stem ne7elye ne tmicw. Take care of everything on this earth. Yucwminte r qelmucw, r mesmescen, re spipyuy’e, r sewellkwe, ell re stsillens-kuc. Take care of the people, the animals, the birds, and our food. Knucwete kuc es yegwyegwt.s-kuc.

Geri Matthew from Simpcw First Nation, Barriere BC Linda & Dwayne Paige of Barriere, BC and Juanita Collen of Powell River, BC are pleased to announce the marriage of Todd Collen and Tina Matthew at Quaaout-Talking Rock Resort in Chase, BC, on Saturday August 28, 2010. The couple currently reside in North Vancouver, BC

Mrs. Agnes Rose Bennett April 2, 1933 - October 15, 2009 To My Most Beautiful Mother a son can have, I still can’t wrap my mind around it, that it has been a year since your passing. Mama, I’m having a hard time writing this letter, it seems like it was this past Thursday you passed. I miss your loving smile, your caring and loving touch, your witty remarks. I miss your stories you tell in Shuswap about the old ways. (It will never be the same without you). I miss your teachings in Shuswap that you made simple. They say time makes a persn a memory (I know I have to accept and let go) but I can keep your memory alive by your teachings in Shuswap. I will do my best for you mama. I know when I’m feeling happy or down, I know your around. I miss you very much. Your Loving Son, Antoine LaRue

Weyt-kp, We’d like to express our thanks for the 2010 BC Elders Gathering. First, we’d like to thank all of our sponsors. They are too many to name, but, we appreciate each and every one of you. Next, we thank the elders group for recognizing our work over the years, for our people and our communities, in choosing us as 2010 King and Queen. It was a big responsibility and we hope that we fulfilled your expectations. Thank you to the Chiefs, Councillors, community members and volunteers for all their hard work. From this experience, we learned many things about people. Respect was shown and respect was returned. There were many people we didn’t know, but, we greeted everyone. We didn’t want to see anyone alone. Our elders taught us to never pass someone who is alone or sick. To acknowledge them makes life worthwhile. It gives us courage and strength. We’d like to thank the elders who travelled to Salmon Arm. It felt like one big family getting together, greeting each other in friendships, new and old, reminiscing and laughing. We were all so happy to see each other. And thanks to the Creator for the strength, health and all the goodness of our people. Kukstsetselp. JD and Ethel Billy

Help us to be strong. Kukstéc-kuc Tqelt Kukpi7 t’e skectec-kuc t’e xwexweyt t’e stem. We thank you Creator for giving us everything that we need.

September 2010  

September issue

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